keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Peak Atp

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198136/hyperhomocysteinemia-induced-gene-expression-changes-in-the-cell-types-of-the-brain
#1
Erica M Weekman, Abigail E Woolums, Tiffany L Sudduth, Donna M Wilcock
High plasma levels of homocysteine, termed hyperhomocysteinemia, are a risk factor for vascular cognitive impairment and dementia, which is the second leading cause of dementia. While hyperhomocysteinemia induces microhemorrhages and cognitive decline in mice, the specific effect of hyperhomocysteinemia on each cell type remains unknown. We took separate cultures of astrocytes, microglia, endothelial cells, and neuronal cells and treated each with moderate levels of homocysteine for 24, 48, 72, and 96 hr...
November 2017: ASN Neuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196144/spatio-temporal-expression-of-hexokinase-3-in-the-injured-female-rat-spinal-cords
#2
Yu-Hong Lin, Yan Wu, Ying Wang, Zong-Feng Yao, Jie Tang, Rui Wang, Lin Shen, Shu-Qin Ding, Jian-Guo Hu, He-Zuo Lü
Hexokinase-3 (HK3) is a member of hexokinase family, which can catalyze the first step of glucose metabolism. It can increase ATP levels, reduce the production of reactive oxygen species, increase mitochondrial biogenesis, protect mitochondrial membrane potential and play an antioxidant role. However, the change of its expression in spinal cord after injury is still unknown. In this study, we investigated the spatio-temporal expression of HK3 in the spinal cords by using a spinal cord injury (SCI) model in adult female Sprague-Dawley rats...
November 28, 2017: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193800/suppression-of-circadian-secretion-of-glucagon-like-peptide-1-by-the-saturated-fatty-acid-palmitate
#3
A Martchenko, R H Oh, S E Wheeler, P Gurges, J A Chalmers, P L Brubaker
AIM: Glucagon-like peptide-1 is an incretin hormone secreted by the intestinal L-cell with a circadian rhythm that parallels expression of the core clock gene, Bmal1. Although feeding rats a high-fat/high-sucrose Western diet impairs rhythmic glucagon-like peptide-1 release, the mechanisms underlying this effect remain unclear. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to determine the pathway(s) by which the saturated fat, palmitate, a major component of the Western diet, impairs circadian glucagon-like peptide-1 secretion...
November 29, 2017: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192919/oxidative-stress-induced-increase-of-intracellular-zinc-in-astrocytes-decreases-their-functional-expression-of-p2x7-receptors-and-engulfing-activity
#4
Takahiro Furuta, Ayumi Mukai, Akihiro Ohishi, Kentaro Nishida, Kazuki Nagasawa
Neuron-glia communication mediated by neuro- and glio-transmitters such as ATP and zinc is crucial for the maintenance of brain homeostasis, and its dysregulation is found under pathological conditions. It is reported that under oxidative stress-loaded conditions, astrocytes exhibit increased intra- and extra-cellular labile zinc, the latter triggering microglial M1 activation, while the pathophysiological role of the former remains unrevealed. In this study, we examined whether the oxidative stress-induced increase of intracellular labile zinc is involved in the P2X7 receptor (P2X7R)-mediated regulation of astrocytic engulfing activity...
December 1, 2017: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185963/the-therapeutic-nuclear-magnetic-resonance-changes-the-balance-in-intracellular-calcium-and-reduces-the-interleukin-1%C3%AE-induced-increase-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-activity-in-chondrocytes
#5
Bibiane Steinecker-Frohnwieser, Werner Kullich, Anda Mann, Hans Georg Kress, Lukas Weigl
OBJECTIVES: Osteoarthritis as the main chronic joint disease is characterised by the destruction of articular cartilage. Developing new, more effective and in particular non-invasive methods to achieve pain reduction of OA patients are of exceptional interest. Clinical observations demonstrated positive effects of therapeutically applied low nuclear magnetic resonance (NMRT) for the treatment of painful disorders of the musculoskeletal system. In this study the cellular mechanism of action of NMRT was examined on chondrocytes...
November 28, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167117/effect-of-6-weeks-of-high-intensity-one-legged-cycling-on-functional-sympatholysis-and-atp-signaling-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#6
Gregers Wibe Munch, Ulrik Winning Iepsen, Camilla Koch Ryrsø, Jaya Birgitte Rosenmeier, Bente Klarlund Pedersen, Stefan P Mortensen
Breathlessness during daily activities is the primary symptom in patients with heart failure (HF). Poor correlation between the hemodynamic parameters of left ventricular performance and perceived symptoms suggests that other factors such as skeletal muscle function plays a role in determining exercise capacity. We investigated the effect of six weeks of high-intensity one-legged cycling (HIC; 8x4 at 90% one-legged cycling max) on: 1) the ability to override sympathetic vasoconstriction (arterial infusion of tyramine) during one-legged knee-extensor exercise (KEE); 2) vascular function (arterial infusion of ACh, SNP, tyramine and ATP); 3) exercise capacity in HF patients with reduced ejection fraction (n=8) compared with healthy individuals (n=6)...
November 22, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163045/down-regulation-of-ntpdase2-and-adp-sensitive-p2-purinoceptors-correlate-with-severity-of-symptoms-during-experimental-autoimmune-encephalomyelitis
#7
Marija Jakovljevic, Irena Lavrnja, Iva Bozic, Danijela Savic, Ivana Bjelobaba, Sanja Pekovic, Jean Sévigny, Nadezda Nedeljkovic, Danijela Laketa
The present study explores tissue and cellular distribution of ectonucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase 2 (NTPDase2) and the gene and protein expression in rat spinal cord during the course of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). Given that NTPDase2 hydrolyzes ATP with a transient accumulation of ADP, the expression of ADP-sensitive P2 purinoceptors was analyzed as well. The autoimmune disease was actively induced in Dark Agouti female rats and the changes were analyzed 10, 15 and 29 days after the induction...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154196/analysis-of-potential-genotoxic-impurities-in-rabeprazole-active-pharmaceutical-ingredient-via-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-following-quality-by-design-principles-for-method-development
#8
Katerina Iliou, Anđelija Malenović, Yannis L Loukas, Yannis Dotsikas
A novel Liquid Chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method is presented for the quantitative determination of two potential genotoxic impurities (PGIs) in rabeprazole active pharmaceutical ingredient (API). In order to overcome the analytical challenges in the trace analysis of PGIs, a development procedure supported by Quality-by-Design (QbD) principles was evaluated. The efficient separation between rabeprazole and the two PGIs in the shortest analysis time was set as the defined analytical target profile (ATP) and to this purpose utilization of a switching valve allowed the flow to be sent to waste when rabeprazole was eluted...
November 12, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121518/genome-wide-identification-phylogenetic-analysis-and-expression-profiles-of-atp-binding-cassette-transporter-genes-in-the-oriental-fruit-fly-bactrocera-dorsalis-hendel-diptera-tephritidae
#9
Lin-Fan Xiao, Wei Zhang, Tian-Xing Jing, Meng-Yi Zhang, Ze-Qing Miao, Dan-Dan Wei, Guo-Rui Yuan, Jin-Jun Wang
The ATP-binding cassette (ABC) is the largest transporter gene family and the genes play key roles in xenobiotic resistance, metabolism, and development of all phyla. However, the specific functions of ABC gene families in insects is unclear. We report a genome-wide identification, phylogenetic, and transcriptional analysis of the ABC genes in the oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel). We identified a total of 47 ABC genes (BdABCs) from the transcriptomic and genomic databases of B. dorsalis and classified these genes into eight subfamilies (A-H), including 7 ABCAs, 7 ABCBs, 9 ABCCs, 2 ABCDs, 1 ABCE, 3 ABCFs, 15 ABCGs, and 3 ABCHs...
October 10, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part D, Genomics & Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109680/diversity-of-evoked-astrocyte-ca-2-dynamics-quantified-through-experimental-measurements-and-mathematical-modeling
#10
Marsa Taheri, Gregory Handy, Alla Borisyuk, John A White
Astrocytes are a major cell type in the mammalian brain. They are not electrically excitable, but generate prominent Ca(2+) signals related to a wide variety of critical functions. The mechanisms driving these Ca(2+) events remain incompletely understood. In this study, we integrate Ca(2+) imaging, quantitative data analysis, and mechanistic computational modeling to study the spatial and temporal heterogeneity of cortical astrocyte Ca(2+) transients evoked by focal application of ATP in mouse brain slices...
2017: Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092799/novel-drosophila-model-for-psychiatric-disorders-including-autism-spectrum-disorder-by-targeting-of-atp-binding-cassette-protein-a
#11
Ibuki Ueoka, Hitoshi Kawashima, Atsushi Konishi, Mikio Aoki, Ryo Tanaka, Hideki Yoshida, Toru Maeda, Mamiko Ozaki, Masamitsu Yamaguchi
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by persistent deficits in social communication and social interactions, as well as restricted, stereotyped patterns of behavior and interests. In addition, alterations in circadian sleep-wake rhythm are common in young children with ASD. Mutations in ATP binding cassette subfamily A member 13 (ABCA13) have been recently identified in a monkey that displays behavior associated with ASD. ABCA13, a member of the ABCA family of proteins, is predicted to transport lipid molecules and is expressed in the human trachea, testis, bone marrow, hippocampus, cortex, and other tissues...
October 29, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059240/formation-of-the-chaperonin-complex-studied-by-2d-nmr-spectroscopy
#12
Toshio Takenaka, Takashi Nakamura, Saeko Yanaka, Maho Yagi-Utsumi, Mahesh S Chandak, Kazunobu Takahashi, Subhankar Paul, Koki Makabe, Munehito Arai, Koichi Kato, Kunihiro Kuwajima
We studied the interaction between GroES and a single-ring mutant (SR1) of GroEL by the NMR titration of 15N-labeled GroES with SR1 at three different temperatures (20, 25 and 30°C) in the presence of 3 mM ADP in 100 mM KCl and 10 mM MgCl2 at pH 7.5. We used SR1 instead of wild-type double-ring GroEL to precisely control the stoichiometry of the GroES binding to be 1:1 ([SR1]:[GroES]). Native heptameric GroES was very flexible, showing well resolved cross peaks of the residues in a mobile loop segment (residue 17-34) and at the top of a roof hairpin (Asn51) in the heteronuclear single quantum coherence spectra...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058110/computational-prediction-of-the-effects-of-the-intra-aortic-balloon-pump-on-heart-failure-with-valvular-regurgitation-using-a-3d-cardiac-electromechanical-model
#13
Chang-Hyun Kim, Kwang-Soup Song, Natalia A Trayanova, Ki Moo Lim
Intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) is normally contraindicated in significant aortic regurgitation (AR). It causes and aggravates pre-existing AR while performing well in the event of mitral regurgitation (MR). Indirect parameters, such as the mean systolic pressure, product of heart rate and peak systolic pressure, and pressure-volume are used to quantify the effect of IABP on ventricular workload. However, to date, no studies have directly quantified the reduction in workload with IABP. The goal of this study is to examine the effect of IABP therapy on ventricular mechanics under valvular insufficiency by using a computational model of the heart...
October 23, 2017: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052402/-effect-of-qibai-pingfei-capsule-medicated-serum-on-protein-expressions-of-katp-channel-in-pulmonary-arterial-smooth-muscle-cells-via-nitric-oxide
#14
Jie Zhu, Ze-Geng Li, Bao-Qin Wang, Xiang-Li Tong, Qing-He Peng
To investigate the ATP-sensitive potassium channel (KATP channel) protein expressions during different periods under hypoxia condition and explore the effect of Qibai Pingfei capsule medicated serum (hereinafter referred to as QBPF) on the correlation between the protein expressions of KATP channel and nitric oxide in rat pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells(PASMCs). Qibai Pingfei capsules were given to SD rats via continuous gavage for 10 days to obtain QBPF. Primary rats PASMCs were cultured by the direct adherent culture method...
April 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046047/apoptosis-pattern-and-alterations-of-expression-of-apoptosis-related-factors-of-supporting-cells-in-k%C3%A3-lliker-s-organ-in-vivo-in-early-stage-after-birth-in-rats
#15
Jun Liu, Linbin Cai, Yuanyuan He, Jun Yang
Kölliker's organ is a temporary but indispensable structure in the development of the cochlea. Supporting cells (SCs) within it release adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP), which may play a crucial role in cochlear development before the onset of hearing. To reveal the apoptosis of Kölliker's organ in new-born rats, we studied the morphological changes and expression of apoptosis-related factors during early postnatal development. We found SCs in Kölliker's organ decreased in number and changed in appearance along the cochlea apex-to-base gradient, and the expression of caspase-3, caspase-8, caspase-9 and bcl-2 in Kölliker's organ of the cochlea fluctuated along the course of postnatal development, with an expression peak at postnatal day 3...
August 7, 2017: European Journal of Histochemistry: EJH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027422/-continual-improvement-of-quantitative-analytical-method-development-of-panax-notogineng-saponins-based-on-quality-by-design
#16
Sheng-Yun Dai, Bing Xu, Xin-Yuan Shi, Xiang Xu, Ying-Qiang Sun, Yan-Jiang Qiao
This study is aimed to propose a continual improvement strategy based on quality by design (QbD). An ultra high performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) method was developed to accomplish the method transformation from HPLC to UPLC of Panax notogineng saponins (PNS) and achieve the continual improvement of PNS based on QbD, for example. Plackett-Burman screening design and Box-Behnken optimization design were employed to further understand the relationship between the critical method parameters (CMPs) and critical method attributes (CMAs)...
March 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974742/the-relative-contribution-of-metabolic-and-structural-abnormalities-to-diastolic-dysfunction-in-obesity
#17
J J Rayner, R Banerjee, C J Holloway, A J M Lewis, M A Peterzan, J M Francis, S Neubauer, O J Rider
BACKGROUND: Obesity causes diastolic dysfunction, and is one of the leading causes of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction. Myocardial relaxation is determined by both active metabolic processes such as impaired energetic status and steatosis, as well as intrinsic myocardial remodelling. However, the relative contribution of each to diastolic dysfunction in obesity is currently unknown. METHODS: 80 adult subjects (48 male) with no cardiovascular risk factors across a wide range of body mass indices (18...
October 4, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962776/effect-of-molecular-weight-of-starch-on-the-properties-of-cassava-starch-microspheres-prepared-in-aqueous-two-phase-system
#18
Huiping Xia, Bing-Zheng Li, Qunyu Gao
Starch microspheres (SMs) were fabricated in an aqueous two-phase system (ATPS). A series of starch samples with different molecular weight were prepared by acid hydrolysis, and the effect of molecular weight of starch on the fabrication of SMs were investigated. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed that the morphologies of SMs varied with starch molecular weight, and spherical SMs with sharp contours were obtained while using starch samples with weight-average molecular weight (M¯w)≤1.057×10(5)g/mol...
December 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959036/general-anesthetics-regulate-autophagy-via-modulating-the-inositol-1-4-5-trisphosphate-receptor-implications-for-dual-effects-of-cytoprotection-and-cytotoxicity
#19
Gongyi Ren, Yachun Zhou, Ge Liang, Bin Yang, Meirong Yang, Alexander King, Huafeng Wei
General anesthetics are both neuroprotective and neurotoxic with unclear mechanisms. General anesthetics may control cell survival via their effects on autophagy by activation of type 1 inositol triphosphate receptor (InsP3R-1). DT40 or SH-SY5Y cells with only or over 99% expression of InsP3R-1 were treated with isoflurane or propofol. Cell viability was determined by MTT reduction or LDH release assays. Apoptosis was determined by measuring Caspase-3 or by TUNEL assay. Autophagy activity was determined by measuring LC3 II and P62...
September 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949271/pressure-passivity-of-cerebral-mitochondrial-metabolism-is-associated-with-poor-outcome-following-perinatal-hypoxic-ischemic-brain-injury
#20
Subhabrata Mitra, Gemma Bale, David Highton, Roxanna Gunny, Cristina Uria-Avellanal, Alan Bainbridge, Magdalena Sokolska, David Price, Angela Huertas-Ceballos, Giles S Kendall, Judith Meek, Ilias Tachtsidis, Nicola J Robertson
Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) leads to significant morbidity and mortality. Impaired autoregulation after hypoxia-ischaemia has been suggested to contribute further to injury. Thalamic lactate/N-Acetylasperate (Lac/NAA) peak area ratio of > 0.3 on proton ((1)H) magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) is associated with poor neurodevelopment outcome following HIE. Cytochrome-c-oxidase (CCO) plays a central role in mitochondrial oxidative metabolism and ATP synthesis. Using a novel broadband NIRS system, we investigated the impact of pressure passivity of cerebral metabolism (CCO), oxygenation (haemoglobin difference (HbD)) and cerebral blood volume (total haemoglobin (HbT)) in 23 term infants following HIE during therapeutic hypothermia (HT)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
keyword
keyword
66215
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"