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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986000/the-effect-of-light-emitting-diode-590-830%C3%A2-nm-based-low-level-laser-therapy-on-posttraumatic-edema-of-facial-bone-fracture-patients
#1
Woo Yeol Baek, Il Hwan Byun, In Sik Yun, Jae Yoon Kim, Tai Suk Roh, Dae Hyun Lew, Young Seok Kim
PURPOSE: Posttraumatic edema in facial bone fracture patients may interfere with the operation field and delay the schedule. Thus, swiftly reducing the edema alleviates patient discomfort and advances the operation date. Ice packing and compression bandages are often used for such a purpose, but such methods are often inconvenient for the face. In this study, we aim to analyze the effect of light-emitting diode (LED) (590/830 nm)-based low-level laser therapy (LLLT) in posttraumatic edema in facial bone fracture patients...
September 2, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970983/double-row-suture-anchor-repair-of-posterolateral-corner-avulsion-fractures
#2
Brian B Gilmer
Posterolateral corner avulsion fractures are a rare variant of ligamentous knee injury primarily described in the skeletally immature population. Injury is often related to a direct varus moment placed on the knee during sporting activities. Various treatment strategies have been discussed ranging from nonoperative management, to excision of the bony fragment, to primary repair with screws or suture. The described technique is a means for achieving fixation of the bony avulsion using principles familiar to double-row transosseous equivalent rotator cuff repair...
August 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943009/midterm-and-long-term-follow-up-in-competitive-athletes-undergoing-thoracic-outlet-decompression-for-neurogenic-thoracic-outlet-syndrome
#3
William Shutze, Brad Richardson, Ryan Shutze, Kimberly Tran, Allen Dao, Gerald O Ogola, Allan Young, Greg Pearl
BACKGROUND: Neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (NTOS) results from compression of the brachial plexus by the clavicle, first rib, and scalene muscles and may develop secondary to repetitive motion of the upper extremity. Athletes routinely perform repetitive motions, and sports requiring significant arm and shoulder use may put the participant at increased risk for NTOS. Competitive athletes who develop NTOS may require first rib resection and scalenectomy (FRRS) for symptomatic relief...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934539/popliteal-artery-entrapment-syndrome-bilateral-lower-extremity-involvement
#4
Havalee T Henry, Lauren K Szolomayer, Bauer E Sumpio, Karen M Sutton
Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome is a condition in which compression of the popliteal neurovascular structures results in symptoms of lower extremity claudication by way of a constricting anatomic structure or a hypertrophied surrounding musculature. This diagnosis is often missed or misdiagnosed because popliteal artery entrapment syndrome has a presentation similar to that of exertional compartment syndrome. Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome may result in persistent disability or unnecessary morbidity or prevent athletes' return to sport...
September 21, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923589/an-investigation-into-the-immediate-effects-of-pelvic-taping-on-hamstring-eccentric-force-in-an-elite-male-sprinter-a-case-report
#5
Ben Macdonald
BACKGROUND: Hamstring Injuries commonly cause missed training and competition time in elite sports. Injury surveillance studies have demonstrated high injury and re-injury rates, which have not improved across sports despite screening and prevention programmes being commonplace. The most commonly suggested intervention for hamstring prevention and rehabilitation is eccentric strength assessment and training. CASE DESCRIPTION: This case study describes the management of an elite sprinter with a history of hamstring injury...
August 8, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889364/open-complete-anterior-dislocation-of-the-sacro-iliac-joint-in-a-4-year-old-boy-a-case-report-of-a-rare-injury-with-5-year-follow-up
#6
Walid A Elnahal, Mahmoud Fahmy, Mehool Acharya
Pelvic fractures are uncommon in children and account for between 0.3 and 7.5% of all pediatric injuries. Open pelvic fractures only account for up to 12.9% of all pediatric pelvic fractures. An unusual case of open complete anterior sacro-iliac joint dislocation in a 4-year-old boy is presented with a long-term follow-up. The multidisciplinary approach is reported with review of the current literature. A 4-year-old male presented to our institution in January 2012 after having been run over by a tractor. He presented with gross hemodynamical instability, MISS of 25, and an unstable lateral compression type III pelvic fracture with complete anterior dislocation of the left hemipelvis and a groin wound extending into the left thigh...
September 9, 2017: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884352/risk-factors-for-knee-injury-in-golf-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Matthew L Baker, Devakar R Epari, Silvio Lorenzetti, Mark Sayers, Urs Boutellier, William R Taylor
BACKGROUND: Golf is commonly considered a low-impact sport that carries little risk of injury to the knee and is generally allowed following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Kinematic and kinetic studies of the golf swing have reported results relevant to the knee, but consensus as to the loads experienced during a swing and how the biomechanics of an individual's technique may expose the knee to risk of injury is lacking. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to establish (1) the prevalence of knee injury resulting from participation in golf and (2) the risk factors for knee injury from a biomechanical perspective, based on an improved understanding of the internal loading conditions and kinematics that occur in the knee from the time of addressing the ball to the end of the follow-through...
September 7, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859596/cervical-myelopathy-presenting-as-bilateral-upper-extremity-weakness
#8
Sean McInerney, Aaron Keil, Jin Suh Kim
A 57-year-old man with insidious onset of progressive bilateral upper extremity weakness was referred to physical therapy by his primary care physician. Following examination, the physical therapist referred the patient back to his primary care physician with a request for cervical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and neurology consultation. Cervical radiographs demonstrated multilevel degenerative changes, while cervical spine MRI revealed compressive myelopathy, significant spinal canal stenosis, and severe spondylosis J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2017;47(9):691...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855793/the-use-of-compression-tack-and-flossing-along-with-lacrosse-ball-massage-to-treat-chronic-achilles-tendinopathy-in-an-adolescent-athlete-a-case-report
#9
Jennifer Borda, Mitchell Selhorst
BACKGROUND: Achilles tendinopathy is an overuse injury that often affects individuals engaged in recreational or competitive level activity. Although most patients experience satisfactory results with therapy, a substantial portion fail to respond to traditional treatment. The purpose of this case study is to describe the successful use of compression tack and flossing (CTF) with lacrosse ball massage (LBM) in the treatment of an adolescent athlete with Achilles tendinopathy who had failed to respond to traditional treatment...
February 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761704/cpr-performance-in-the-presence-of-audiovisual-feedback-or-football-shoulder-pads
#10
Shota Tanaka, Wayne Rodrigues, Susan Sotir, Ryo Sagisaka, Hideharu Tanaka
OBJECTIVE: The initiation of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) can be complicated by the use of protective equipment in contact sports, and the rate of success in resuscitating the patient depends on the time from incident to start of CPR. The aim of our study was to see if (1) previous training, (2) the presence of audiovisual feedback and (3) the presence of football shoulder pads (FSP) affected the quality of chest compressions. METHODS: Six basic life support certified athletic training students (BLS-ATS), six basic life support certified emergency medical service personnel (BLS-EMS) and six advanced cardiac life support certified emergency medical service personnel (ACLS-EMS) participated in a crossover manikin study...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753688/the-role-of-neck-muscle-activities-on-the-risk-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-in-american-football
#11
Xin Jin, Zhaoying Feng, Valerie Mika, Haiyan Li, David C Viano, King H Yang
Concussion, or mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), is frequently associated with sports activities. It has generally been accepted that neck strengthening exercises are effective as a preventive strategy for reducing sports-related concussion risks. However, the interpretation of the link between neck strength and concussion risks remains unclear. In this study, a typical helmeted head-to-head impact in American football was simulated using the head and neck complex finite element (FE) model. The impact scenario selected was previously reported in lab-controlled incident reconstructions from high-speed video footages of the National Football League using two head-neck complexes taken from Hybrid III dummies...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752792/strain-distribution-in-the-porcine-lumbar-laminae-under-asymmetric-loading
#12
Colin Bright, Stephen Tiernan, Fiona McEvoy, Patrick Kiely
If the articular facets of the vertebra grow in an asymmetric manner, the developed geometry causes an asymmetry of loading. When the loading environment is altered by way of increased activity, the likelihood of acquiring a stress fracture may be increased. The combination of geometric asymmetry and increased activity is hypothesised to be the precursor to the stress fracture under investigation in this study, spondylolysis. This vertebral defect is an acquired fracture with 7% prevalence in the paediatric population...
July 1, 2017: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720400/viewing-an-ultra-brief-chest-compression-only-video-improves-some-measures-of-bystander-cpr-performance-and-responsiveness-at-a-mass-gathering-event
#13
Daniel L Beskind, Uwe Stolz, Rebecca Thiede, Riley Hoyer, Whitney Robertson, Jeffrey Brown, Melissa Ludgate, Timothy Tiutan, Romy Shane, Deven McMorrow, Michael Pleasants, Karl B Kern, Ashish R Panchal
BACKGROUND: CPR training at mass gathering events is an important part of health initiatives to improve cardiac arrest survival. However, it is unclear whether training lay bystanders using an ultra-brief video at a mass gathering event improves CPR quality and responsiveness. OBJECTIVE: To determine if showing a chest-compression only (CCO) Ultra-Brief Video (UBV) at a mass gathering event is effective in teaching lay bystanders CCO-CPR. METHODS: Prospective control trial in adults (age >18) who attended either a women's University of Arizona or a men's Phoenix Suns basketball game...
September 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701678/paget-schroetter-syndrome-in-a-baseball-pitcher
#14
Shusuke Yagi, Minoru Mitsugi, Teruaki Sangawa, Masashi Akaike, Masataka Sata
Paget-Schroetter syndrome (PSS) is thrombosis of the deep veins draining the upper extremity due to anatomic abnormalities of the thoracic outlet that cause subclavian compression and subsequent thrombosis, leading to thrombus formation in the subclavian vein. Vigorous arm activity in sports is a known risk factor. Here, we report a case of Paget-Schroetter syndrome in a 31-year-old male non-professional baseball pitcher.
August 3, 2017: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676021/medical-management-and-risk-reduction-of-the-cardiovascular-effects-of-underwater-diving
#15
Thomas F Whayne
Undersea diving is a sport and commercial industry. Knowledge of potential problems began with Caisson disease or "the bends", first identified with compressed air in the construction of tunnels under rivers in the 19th century. Subsequently, there was the commercially used old-fashioned diving helmet attached to a suit, with compressed air pumped down from the surface. Breathhold diving, with no supplementary source of air or other breathing mixture, is also a sport as well as a commercial fishing tool in some parts of the world...
June 20, 2017: Current Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661204/user-survey-of-3-ankle-braces-in-soccer-volleyball-and-running-which-brace-fits-best
#16
Kasper Janssen, Anjulie Van Den Berg, Willem Van Mechelen, Evert Verhagen
CONTEXT:   Recurrence rates for ankle sprains are high. Therefore, preventive measures such as ankle bracing during sports are recommended. OBJECTIVE:   To systematically evaluate the perceived ease of use, quality, comfort, stability, and hindrance of and the overall satisfaction with 3 contemporary brace types in 3 types of sports. DESIGN:   Randomized comparative user survey. SETTING:   Recreational sports: soccer, volleyball, and running...
August 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594521/pediatric-distal-radius-fractures
#17
Karan Dua, Joshua M Abzug, Andrea Sesko Bauer, Roger Cornwall, Theresa O Wyrick
Distal radius fractures are the most common orthopaedic injury that occur in the pediatric population. The annual incidence of distal radius fractures has increased as a result of earlier participation in sporting activities, increased body mass index, and decreased bone mineral density. Most distal radius fractures are sustained after a fall onto an outstretched arm that results in axial compression on the extremity or from direct trauma to the extremity. Physeal fractures of the distal radius are described based on the Salter-Harris classification system...
February 15, 2017: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544949/the-influence-of-shoe-aging-on-children-running-biomechanics
#18
Alexis Herbaut, Pascale Chavet, Maxime Roux, Nils Guéguen, Franck Barbier, Emilie Simoneau-Buessinger
Athletic children are prone to overuse injuries, especially at the heel and knee. Since footwear is an extrinsic factor of lower limb injury risk, the aim of this study was to assess the influence of shoe aging on children running biomechanics. Fourteen children active in sports participated in a laboratory biomechanical evaluation. A new pair of shoes was provided to each participant at an inclusion visit. Four months later, the participants performed a running task and their kinematics and kinetics were assessed both with their used shoes and with a new pair of shoes identical to the first...
July 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523306/a-novel-method-for-measuring-subcutaneous-adipose-tissue-using-ultrasound-in-children-interobserver-consistency
#19
Adela ChiriŢă-Emandi, Maria Camelia Papa, Liliana Abrudan, Mihaela Amelia Dobrescu, Maria Puiu, Iulian Puiu Velea, Corina Paul
BACKGROUND: Currently, sufficiently accurate field methods for body composition assessment in children are missing. The ultrasound method for assessing adipose tissue thickness has been used extensively in sport medicine. However, there are no studies looking at the reliability of this method in non-athletic children. This paper aims to determine the inter-observer reliability in measuring the uncompressed subcutaneous adipose tissue thickness using ultrasound, in children. SUBJECTS, MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty healthy children (20 males, 20 females), median age 11...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489549/secure-and-energy-efficient-data-transmission-system-based-on-chaotic-compressive-sensing-in-body-to-body-networks
#20
Haipeng Peng, Ye Tian, Jurgen Kurths, Lixiang Li, Yixian Yang, Daoshun Wang
Applications of wireless body area networks (WBANs) are extended from remote health care to military, sports, disaster relief, etc. With the network scale expanding, nodes increasing, and links complicated, a WBAN evolves to a body-to-body network. Along with the development, energy saving and data security problems are highlighted. In this paper, chaotic compressive sensing (CCS) is proposed to solve these two crucial problems, simultaneously. Compared with the traditional compressive sensing, CCS can save vast storage space by only storing the matrix generation parameters...
June 2017: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
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