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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594521/pediatric-distal-radius-fractures
#1
Karan Dua, Joshua M Abzug, Andrea Sesko Bauer, Roger Cornwall, Theresa O Wyrick
Distal radius fractures are the most common orthopaedic injury that occur in the pediatric population. The annual incidence of distal radius fractures has increased as a result of earlier participation in sporting activities, increased body mass index, and decreased bone mineral density. Most distal radius fractures are sustained after a fall onto an outstretched arm that results in axial compression on the extremity or from direct trauma to the extremity. Physeal fractures of the distal radius are described based on the Salter-Harris classification system...
February 15, 2017: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544949/the-influence-of-shoe-aging-on-children-running-biomechanics
#2
Alexis Herbaut, Pascale Chavet, Maxime Roux, Nils Guéguen, Franck Barbier, Emilie Simoneau-Buessinger
Athletic children are prone to overuse injuries, especially at the heel and knee. Since footwear is an extrinsic factor of lower limb injury risk, the aim of this study was to assess the influence of shoe aging on children running biomechanics. Fourteen children active in sports participated in a laboratory biomechanical evaluation. A new pair of shoes was provided to each participant at an inclusion visit. Four months later, the participants performed a running task and their kinematics and kinetics were assessed both with their used shoes and with a new pair of shoes identical to the first...
July 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523306/a-novel-method-for-measuring-subcutaneous-adipose-tissue-using-ultrasound-in-children-interobserver-consistency
#3
Adela ChiriŢă-Emandi, Maria Camelia Papa, Liliana Abrudan, Mihaela Amelia Dobrescu, Maria Puiu, Iulian Puiu Velea, Corina Paul
BACKGROUND: Currently, sufficiently accurate field methods for body composition assessment in children are missing. The ultrasound method for assessing adipose tissue thickness has been used extensively in sport medicine. However, there are no studies looking at the reliability of this method in non-athletic children. This paper aims to determine the inter-observer reliability in measuring the uncompressed subcutaneous adipose tissue thickness using ultrasound, in children. SUBJECTS, MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty healthy children (20 males, 20 females), median age 11...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489549/secure-and-energy-efficient-data-transmission-system-based-on-chaotic-compressive-sensing-in-body-to-body-networks
#4
Haipeng Peng, Ye Tian, Jurgen Kurths, Lixiang Li, Yixian Yang, Daoshun Wang
Applications of wireless body area networks (WBANs) are extended from remote health care to military, sports, disaster relief, etc. With the network scale expanding, nodes increasing, and links complicated, a WBAN evolves to a body-to-body network. Along with the development, energy saving and data security problems are highlighted. In this paper, chaotic compressive sensing (CCS) is proposed to solve these two crucial problems, simultaneously. Compared with the traditional compressive sensing, CCS can save vast storage space by only storing the matrix generation parameters...
June 2017: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437225/neck-collar-with-mild-jugular-vein-compression-ameliorates-brain-activation-changes-during-a-working-memory-task-after-a-season-of-high-school-football
#5
Weihong Yuan, James Leach, Thomas Maloney, Mekibib Altaye, David Smith, Paul J Gubanich, Kim D Barber Foss, Staci Thomas, Christopher A DiCesare, Adam W Kiefer, Gregory D Myer
Emerging evidence indicates that repetitive head impacts, even at a sub-concussive level, may result in exacerbated or prolonged neurological deficits in athletes. This study aimed to: 1) quantify the effect of repetitive head impacts on the alteration of neuronal activity based on functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) of working memory after a high school football season; and 2) determine whether a neck collar that applies mild jugular vein compression designed to reduce brain energy absorption in head impact through "slosh" mitigation can ameliorate the altered fMRI activation during a working memory task...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257619/complaints-of-upper-extremity-numbness-and-tingling-relieved-with-dry-needling-of-the-teres-minor-and-infraspinatus-a-case-report
#6
Elizabeth Lane, Derek Clewley, Shane Koppenhaver
Study Design Case report. Background Abnormal sensation, such as numbness or tingling, is traditionally thought to originate from neural compression. There is limited evidence to support reports of abnormal sensation arising from a trigger point. Case Description The patient was a 60-year-old woman with a primary complaint of right shoulder pain and secondary complaints of neck pain and right upper extremity numbness. Cervical spine neurological examination was unremarkable, and manual examination did not reproduce the patient's arm numbness or tingling symptoms...
April 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251560/scaphoid-fractures-in-the-athlete
#7
REVIEW
Mark J Winston, Andrew J Weiland
Scaphoid fractures are a common wrist injury, especially in athletes. Clinicians should have a high index of suspicion for a scaphoid fracture in any patient complaining of radial-sided wrist pain after a fall on an outstretched hand. Advanced imaging, including CT and MRI scans, may be useful in diagnosis and classification of fracture patterns. Treatment varies based on the fracture location, stability of the fracture, and predictability of the fracture to heal. Treatment involves either non-operative management with a thumb spica cast or brace, or operative fixation with a headless compression screw, k-wires, or scaphoid-specific plates...
March 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245746/cervical-traction-for-managing-neck-pain-a-survey-of-physical-therapists-in-the-united-states
#8
Timothy J Madson, John H Hollman
Study Design Cross-sectional survey. Objective To examine the use of traction by physical therapists for patients with neck pain, including how and when traction is used, the delivery modes and parameters, supplemental interventions, and influence of professional demographics on usage. Background Systematic reviews provide little support for traction in managing neck pain. While traction usage among physical therapists in other countries has been described, usage in the United States has not been examined. Methods A random sample of 4000 Orthopaedic Section members of the American Physical Therapy Association were surveyed...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181695/later-age-at-onset-of-independent-walking-is-associated-with-lower-bone-strength-at-fracture-prone-sites-in-older-men
#9
Alex Ireland, Stella Muthuri, Joern Rittweger, Judith E Adams, Kate A Ward, Diana Kuh, Rachel Cooper
Later age at onset of independent walking is associated with lower leg bone strength in childhood and adolescence. However, it is unknown whether these associations persist into older age or whether they are evident at axial (central) or upper limb sites. Therefore, we examined walking age obtained at age 2 years and bone outcomes obtained by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) scans at ages 60 to 64 years in a nationally representative cohort study of British people, the MRC National Survey of Health and Development...
June 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150163/fatigue-and-recovery-in-rugby-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Francisco Tavares, Tiaki Brett Smith, Matthew Driller
The physical demands and combative nature of rugby lead to notable levels of muscle damage. In professional rugby, athletes only have a limited timeframe to recover following training sessions and competition. Through the implementation of recovery strategies, sport scientists, practitioners and coaches have sought to reduce the effect of fatigue and allow athletes to recover faster. Although some studies demonstrate that recovery strategies are extensively used by rugby athletes, the research remains equivocal concerning the efficacy of recovery strategies in rugby...
February 2, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149348/influence-of-physiological-loading-on-the-lumbar-spine-of-national-level-athletes-in-different-sports
#11
Mansoorehossadat Rozan, Vahid Rouhollahi, Amit Rastogi, Dilip Kumar Dureha
The lumbar spine is subjected to considerable stress during many athletic efforts. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of physiological loading on the lumbar spine in national male players of different games, which may be predictive of the future development of low back pain and injury symptoms. Thirty-four national players (12 cricket players, 12 field hockey players, and 10 basketball players) underwent magnetic resonance imaging, and selected geometric variables including intervertebral disc angles, the Farfan ratio, the lumbar body index, the compression deformity ratio, the biconcave deformity ratio and the anterior wedge deformity ratio were measured using KINOVEA-0...
April 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051829/apophyseal-and-epiphyseal-knee-injuries-in-the-adolescent-athlete
#12
P Persiani, F M Ranaldi, A Formica, M Mariani, O Mazza, M Crostelli, C Villani
OBJECTIVES: In the context of pediatric sports injuries, the epiphyseal and apophyseal knee fractures represent rather peculiar lesions. The most frequently involved anatomical area is the knee. The peculiar function of the physis and the need to preserve their integrity, makes choosing what treatment methods to employ very important. Objective of this study is to assess the kind and the effectiveness of the most suitable treatment in the apophyseal and epiphyseal knee lesions occurring in the adolescents...
November 2016: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045955/an-objective-measure-of-noseband-tightness-and-its-measurement-using-a-novel-digital-tightness-gauge
#13
Orla Doherty, Thomas Conway, Richard Conway, Gerard Murray, Vincent Casey
Noseband tightness is difficult to assess in horses participating in equestrian sports such as dressage, show jumping and three-day-eventing. There is growing concern that nosebands are commonly tightened to such an extent as to restrict normal equine behaviour and possibly cause injury. In the absence of a clear agreed definition of noseband tightness, a simple model of the equine nose-noseband interface environment was developed in order to guide further studies in this area. The normal force component of the noseband tensile force was identified as the key contributor to sub-noseband tissue compression...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904800/cervical-contribution-to-functional-shoulder-impingement-two-case-reports
#14
Steven Pheasant
BACKGROUND: Subacromial impingement is a common condition among overhead athletes. The cause of subacromial impingement can be multifactorial and often involves impaired rotator cuff function. CASE DESCRIPTION: The following cases outline the presentation, examination and intervention of two overhead athletes, a high school football quarterback and a collegiate swimmer, each presenting with signs and symptoms of subacromial impingement. The unique feature in each case was the manifestation of the cervical spine as the apparent source of rotator cuff weakness, which contributed to functional subacromial impingement although other overt signs of cervical or associated nerve root involvement were absent...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904793/current-concepts-in-treatment-of-patellofemoral-osteochondritis-dissecans
#15
Chris Juneau, Russ Paine, Eric Chicas, Emily Gardner, Lane Bailey, James McDermott
Identification, protection, and management of patellofemoral articular cartilage lesions continue to remain on the forefront of sports medicine rehabilitation. Due to high-level compression forces that are applied through the patellofemoral (PF) joint, managing articular cartilage lesions is challenging for sports medicine specialists. Articular cartilage damage may exist in a wide spectrum of injuries ranging from small, single areas of focal damage to wide spread osteoarthritis involving large chondral regions...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904792/current-concepts-and-treatment-of-patellofemoral-compressive-issues
#16
Michael J Mullaney, Takumi Fukunaga
Patellofemoral disorders, commonly encountered in sports and orthopedic rehabilitation settings, may result from dysfunction in patellofemoral joint compression. Osseous and soft tissue factors, as well as the mechanical interaction of the two, contribute to increased patellofemoral compression and pain. Treatment of patellofemoral compressive issues is based on identification of contributory impairments. Use of reliable tests and measures is essential in detecting impairments in hip flexor, quadriceps, iliotibial band, hamstrings, and gastrocnemius flexibility, as well as in joint mobility, myofascial restrictions, and proximal muscle weakness...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903671/sports-related-lung-injury-during-breath-hold-diving
#17
REVIEW
Tanja Mijacika, Zeljko Dujic
The number of people practising recreational breath-hold diving is constantly growing, thereby increasing the need for knowledge of the acute and chronic effects such a sport could have on the health of participants. Breath-hold diving is potentially dangerous, mainly because of associated extreme environmental factors such as increased hydrostatic pressure, hypoxia, hypercapnia, hypothermia and strenuous exercise.In this article we focus on the effects of breath-hold diving on pulmonary function. Respiratory symptoms have been reported in almost 25% of breath-hold divers after repetitive diving sessions...
December 2016: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900300/treatment-of-proximal-hamstring-tendinopathy-related-sciatic-nerve-entrapment-presentation-of-an-ultrasound-guided-intratissue-percutaneous-electrolysis-application
#18
Gabriele Mattiussi, Carlos Moreno
BACKGROUND: Proximal Hamstring Tendinopathy-related Sciatic Nerve Entrapment (PHTrSNE) is a neuropathy caused by fibrosis interposed between the semimembranosus tendon and the sciatic nerve, at the level of the ischial tuberosity. METHODS: Ultrasound-guided Intratissue Percutaneous Electrolysis (US-guided EPI) involves galvanic current transfer within the treatment target tissue (fibrosis) via a needle 0.30 to 0.33 mm in diameter. The galvanic current in a saline solution instantly develops the chemical process of electrolysis, which in turn induces electrochemical ablation of fibrosis...
April 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849130/treatment-of-muscle-injuries-in-football
#19
REVIEW
Peter Ueblacker, Lutz Haensel, Hans-Wilhelm Mueller-Wohlfahrt
Muscle injuries are frequent and represent one of the most substantial medical problems in professional football. They can have both traumatic and overuse causes with direct practical consequence due to differences in terms of the post-primary care regimen and prognosis. An accurate diagnosis is the first step towards a specific treatment and usually allows to predict return to play (RTP). Current treatment principles have no firm scientific basis; they are practiced largely as empirical medicine due to a lack of prospective randomised studies...
December 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848072/hamate-hook-nonunion-initially-mistaken-for-ulnar-nerve-compression-a%C3%A2-case-report-with-review-of-literature
#20
Mario Josipovic, Dorotea Bozic, Ivan Bohacek, Tomislav Smoljanovic, Ivan Bojanic
BACKGROUND: Hamate hook (HH) stress fractures are rare, often presenting with misleading symptoms and easily overlooked/misdiagnosed. These fractures occur frequently in individuals participating in sports activities involving racquets, bats, or clubs. Symptoms are non-specific and often mimic other clinical conditions, such as ulnar nerve entrapment or ulnar vessel thrombosis. CASE REPORT: A 17-year-old tennis player with no history of trauma presented with dominant hand weakness together with pain and paresthesia on the ulnar side, which exacerbated with tennis play...
February 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
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