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yoga and postpartum depression

Tiffany Field
This narrative review based on a literature search in PubMed and PsycInfo on the two terms prenatal and antenatal depression includes empirical studies, reviews and meta-analyses that have been published during the last 5 years on risk factors, developmental effects and interventions for prenatal depression. Risk factor studies that met criteria feature demographic measures (lower socioeconomic status, less education, non-marital status, non-employment, less social support and health locus of control, unintended pregnancy, partner violence and history of child abuse) and physiological variables (cortisol, amylase, and pro-inflammatory cytokines and intrauterine artery resistance)...
February 2017: Journal of Pregnancy and Child Health
Tiffany Field
This paper is a review of empirical studies, review and meta-analysis publications on yoga from the last few years. The review includes demographics/prevalence of yoga as a practice, bibliometric analyses of the yoga publications and the use of yoga for physical fitness and cognitive function. Most of the studies reviewed here involve yoga effects on psychiatric and medical conditions. These include pregnancy, prenatal and postpartum depression; stress, PTSD, anxiety, and obesity; cardiovascular conditions including hypertension; pain syndromes including arthritis, headaches and low back pain; autoimmune conditions including asthma, type II diabetes and multiple sclerosis; immune conditions including HIV and breast cancer; and aging problems including balance, osteoporosis and Parkinson's...
August 2016: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
Patricia Kinser, Saba Masho
BACKGROUND: Approximately 20% of women in the United States practice prenatal yoga, but there is a paucity of information about the experience of these women. OBJECTIVE: This study examines women's experiences participating in community-based prenatal yoga. METHOD: A qualitative descriptive exploratory design used focus groups with a convenience sample of pregnant and postpartum women (n = 14) who engaged in prenatal yoga within the previous 6 months...
September 2015: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
Melissa M Buttner, Rebecca L Brock, Michael W O'Hara, Scott Stuart
BACKGROUND: Up to 20% of women experience postpartum depression (PPD). PPD is associated with anxiety and poor health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Efficacious treatments are critical; many women with PPD prefer complementary therapies. Thus, the current study examined yoga as a complementary therapy for PPD. METHODS: Fifty-seven postpartum women with scores ≥12 on the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale were randomly assigned to a yoga (N = 28) or wait-list control (N = 29) group...
May 2015: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
Qinxian Jiang, Zhengguo Wu, Li Zhou, Jenae Dunlop, Peijie Chen
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this article is to review all randomized control trials (RCTs) that have looked at the health effects of yoga on pregnancy, and to present their evidence on the specific ways in which pregnant women, and their infants can benefit from yoga intervention. The purpose is also to determine whether yoga intervention during pregnancy is more beneficial than other physical exercises. METHODS: Four databases were searched using the terms "yoga and (pregnancy or pregnant or prenatal or postnatal or postpartum)...
May 2015: American Journal of Perinatology
Svetlana Bershadsky, Linda Trumpfheller, Holly Beck Kimble, Diana Pipaloff, Ilona S Yim
Perinatal depression impacts maternal and child health, and little is known about effective interventions. The effects of prenatal Hatha yoga on cortisol, affect and depressive symptoms were investigated in 51 women. Twice during pregnancy, yoga group participants reported on affect and provided a saliva sample before and after a 90-min prenatal Hatha yoga session. Corresponding measures were obtained from yoga and control group participants on days of usual activity. Depressive symptoms were assessed in pregnancy and post partum...
May 2014: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
Tiffany Field, Miguel Diego, Jeannette Delgado, Lissette Medina
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of yoga (physical activity) versus social support (verbal activity) on prenatal and postpartum depression. Ninety-two prenatally depressed women were randomly assigned to a yoga or a social support control group at 22 weeks gestation. The yoga group participated in a 20-min group session (only physical poses) once per week for 12 weeks. The social support group (a leaderless discussion group) met on the same schedule. At the end of the first and last sessions the yoga group reported less depression, anxiety, anger, back and leg pain as compared to the social support group...
October 2013: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Cheryl MacDonald
Mother and baby yoga is becoming more and more popular in the western world, as postpartum mothers discover the benefits of being able to 'work out', bond with their baby and relax, all in one session. Postnatal yoga can offer calm and a sense of wellbeing, helping mothers to improve and stabilise their emotional health and to bond. Additionally the mother is able to focus on her relationship with her baby, rebuild the weakened pelvic floor, strengthen the abdominal muscles and even alleviate back and neck pain...
May 2013: Practising Midwife
Yi-Li Ko, Chi-Li Yang, Chin-Lung Fang, Mei-Ying Lee, Pi-Chu Lin
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of an exercise programme for postpartum women to lose weight and relieve fatigue and depression. BACKGROUND: The optimal period for weight loss is six months postpartum. However, most women cannot return to their pre-pregnancy fitness level within that period of time. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental one-group pretest-post-test design was carried out. METHODS: A convenience sampling method was used to recruit 28 women at 2-6 months postpartum...
August 2013: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Isabelle Marc, Narimane Toureche, Edzard Ernst, Ellen D Hodnett, Claudine Blanchet, Sylvie Dodin, Merlin M Njoya
BACKGROUND: Anxiety during pregnancy is a common problem. Anxiety and stress could have consequences on the course of the pregnancy and the later development of the child. Anxiety responds well to treatments such as cognitive behavioral therapy and/or medication. Non-pharmacological interventions such as mind-body interventions, known to decrease anxiety in several clinical situations, might be offered for treating and preventing anxiety during pregnancy. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits of mind-body interventions during pregnancy in preventing or treating women's anxiety and in influencing perinatal outcomes...
July 6, 2011: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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