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Sleep stability erp

Sharon K Hunter, Sabreena J Gillow, Randal G Ross
The stability of cerebral inhibition was assessed across early childhood using a paired-click auditory sensory gating paradigm. The P50 ERP was measured during REM (or its infant analogue, active sleep) and NREM sleep in 14 children at approximately 3 months of age and again at approximately 4 years of age. Evoked response amplitudes, latencies, and the S2/S1 ratio of the amplitudes of the evoked responses were compared between the two visits. Significant reliability was found for the S2/S1 ratio (r = .73, p = ...
March 2015: Brain and Cognition
Mitsugu Uematsu, Naoyuki Matsuzaki, Erik C Brown, Katsuaki Kojima, Eishi Asano
By repeating saccades unconsciously, humans explore the surrounding world every day. Saccades inevitably move external visual images across the retina at high velocity; nonetheless, healthy humans don't perceive transient blurring of the visual scene during saccades. This perceptual stability is referred to as saccadic suppression. Functional suppression is believed to take place transiently in the visual systems, but it remains unknown how commonly or differentially the human occipital lobe activities are suppressed at the large-scale cortical network level...
December 2013: NeuroImage
David LaBerge
Recurrent neural activity is a pervasive mode of cortical operations and is believed to underlie cognitive functions of working memory, attention, and the generation of spontaneous activity during sleep . It is proposed here that activity in corticothalamic recurrent circuits underlies the sustaining of attention, and that extended durations of attention are made possible by the stabilizing effects of electrical activity in long apical dendrites of pyramidal neurons. Using the cue-target delay task as a framework, the present paper describes sustained attention during the cue-target delay as activity in recurrent circuits involving layer 5/6 pyramidal neurons...
December 1, 2005: Brain Research. Brain Research Reviews
P A Robinson, C J Rennie, D L Rowe, S C O'Connor, J J Wright, E Gordon, R W Whitehouse
A recent neurophysical model of brain electrical activity is outlined and applied to EEG phenomena. It incorporates single-neuron physiology and the large-scale anatomy of corticocortical and corticothalamic pathways, including synaptic strengths, dendritic propagation, nonlinear firing responses, and axonal conduction. Small perturbations from steady states account for observed EEGs as functions of arousal. Evoked response potentials (ERPs), correlation, and coherence functions are also reproduced. Feedback via thalamic nuclei is critical in determining the forms of these quantities, the transition between sleep and waking, and stability against seizures...
July 2003: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
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