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Olivier Rascol, Robert A Hauser, Fabrizio Stocchi, Cheryl J Fitzer-Attas, Yulia Sidi, Victor Abler, C Warren Olanow
BACKGROUND: The Attenuation of Disease progression with Azilect GIven Once-daily (ADAGIO) delayed-start study demonstrated a benefit of early-start treatment with rasagiline 1 mg/day versus delayed-start treatment in PD. This follow-up study aimed to assess whether these benefits persist and the clinical progression rate during long-term naturalistic treatment. METHODS: The ADAGIO Follow-Up study was initiated approximately 26 months after completion of the ADAGIO study...
July 19, 2016: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
Orly Weinreb, Felix Badinter, Tamar Amit, Orit Bar-Am, Moussa B H Youdim
The present study aimed to investigate the protective effects of prolonged treatment with the selective, irreversible monoamine oxidase-B inhibitor, novel anti-parkinsonian drug, rasagiline (Azilect) in aged animals. Our findings from behavioral experiments demonstrated that long-term treatment of aged mice with rasagiline (0.2 mg/kg) exerted significant beneficial effects on mood-related dysfunction and spatial learning and memory functions. At this dose of rasagiline, chronic drug administration significantly inhibited monoamine oxidase-B activity and caused an increase in striatal dopamine and serotonin levels, while decreasing their metabolism...
September 2015: Neurobiology of Aging
Assaf Malka, David Meerkin, Yaron D Barac, Eytan Malits, Noa Bachner-Hinenzon, Shemy Carasso, Offir Ertracht, Itzchak Angel, Rona Shofti, Moussa Youdim, Zaid Abassi, Ofer Binah
BACKGROUND: The current cornerstone treatment of myocardial infarction (MI) is restoration of coronary blood flow by means of thrombolytic therapy or primary percutaneous coronary intervention. However, reperfusion of ischemic myocardium can actually provoke tissue damage, defined as "ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury." TVP1022 [the S-isomer of rasagiline (Azilect), FDA-approved anti-Parkinson's drug] was found to exert cardioprotective activities against various cardiac insults, such as chronic heart failure and I/R, in rat models...
August 2015: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
Kara M Smith, Eli Eyal, Daniel Weintraub
IMPORTANCE: Depression, cognitive impairment, and other nonmotor symptoms (NMSs) are common early in Parkinson disease (PD) and may be in part due to disease-related dopamine deficiency. Many patients with PD are treated with antidepressants for NMSs, and the effect of the combination of PD medications that enhance dopamine neurotransmission and antidepressants on NMSs has not been studied. We report the effects of the addition of a monoamine oxidase B inhibitor, rasagiline, to antidepressant treatment in PD...
January 2015: JAMA Neurology
Paul L McCormack
Rasagiline (Azilect(®)) is an oral, second-generation, selective, irreversible monoamine oxidase-B (MAO-B) inhibitor approved in the US for the treatment of Parkinson's disease. In randomized, controlled trials, oral rasagiline 1 mg once daily was superior to placebo in the symptomatic treatment of early Parkinson's disease, both as monotherapy or as an adjunct to dopamine agonists. Comparisons of early-start and delayed-start treatment suggested a disease-modifying effect for rasagiline, but the results were equivocal...
November 2014: CNS Drugs
Danit Mechlovich, Tamar Amit, Orit Bar-Am, Silvia Mandel, Moussa B H Youdim, Orly Weinreb
Increasing evidence suggests that dysregulation of brain insulin/insulin receptor (InsR) and insulin signaling cascade are associated with the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Our group has designed and synthesized a series of multi-target iron chelating, brain permeable compounds for AD. One leading multi-target compound, M30 possesses the neuroprotective N-propargyl moiety of the anti-Parkinsonian, monoamine oxidase (MAO)-B inhibitor, rasagiline (Azilect®) and the antioxidant-iron chelating moiety of an 8-hydroxyquinoline derivative of the iron chelator, VK28...
February 2014: Current Alzheimer Research
John P M Finberg
Rasagiline (Azilect) is a highly selective and potent propargylamine inhibitor of monoamine oxidase (MAO) type B. Like other similar propargylamine inhibitors, rasagiline binds covalently to the N5 nitrogen of the flavin residue of MAO, resulting in irreversible inactivation of the enzyme. Therapeutic doses of the drug which inhibit brain MAO-B by 95% or more cause minimal inhibition of MAO-A, and do not potentiate the pressor or other pharmacological effects of tyramine. Metabolic conversion of the compound in vivo is by hepatic cytochrome P450-1A2, with generation of 1-aminoindan as the major metabolite...
July 2010: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
Mark F Lew
Tremor is a common symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD). The underlying pathophysiology of parkinsonian rest tremor is not well understood. Rest tremor is less responsive to dopaminergic therapy than are symptoms of bradykinesia and rigidity. This paper reviews the effects of 1 mg daily oral rasagiline, as monotherapy and as adjunct therapy, on parkinsonian tremor. A literature search of the EMBASE database was conducted to identify relevant articles in English published between 2000 and October, 2012 using the search terms "rasagiline," or "Azilect®," or "Agilect®," and refined using the terms "Parkinson's disease" and "clinical trial...
December 2013: International Journal of Neuroscience
Sara Mínguez-Mínguez, Julián Solís-García Del Pozo, Joaquín Jordán
Rasagiline (Azilect(®)) is a selective and irreversible monoamine oxidase B inhibitor, which is well tolerated, safe, improves motor symptoms, and prevents motor complications in Parkinson's disease (PD). Rasagiline is effective in monotherapy and as an adjunct to levodopa-therapy, with beneficial effects on quality-of-life parameters in early and late stages of PD. In this review, we compare the efficacy of rasagiline versus placebo for decreasing PD symptoms. Major databases (Medline, the Cochrane Library) were systematically searched to identify and select clinical randomized control trials of rasagiline...
August 2013: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Julián Solís-García del Pozo, Sara Mínguez-Mínguez, Piet W J de Groot, Joaquín Jordán
INTRODUCTION: Rasagiline (Azilect, AGN 1135) is a selective irreversible inhibitor of monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B). MAO-B regulates the brain concentrations of important neurotransmitters that are related to movement, emotion, and cognition. Oral rasagiline, as monotherapy or as adjunctive therapy to levodopa, was effective in the symptomatic treatment of adult patients with Parkinson's disease participating in double-blind, placebo-controlled, international studies. AREAS COVERED: This article reviews the reported adverse effects of rasagiline...
July 2013: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
Moussa B H Youdim
Present anti-PD and -AD drugs have limited symptomatic activity and devoid of neuroprotective and neurorestorative property that is needed for disease modifying action. The complex pathology of PD and AD led us to develop several multi-target neuroprotective and neurorestorative drugs with several CNS targets with the ability for possible disease modifying activity. Employing the pharmacophore of our anti-parkinson drug rasagiline (Azilect, N-propagrgyl-1-R-aminoindan), we have developed a series of novel multi-functional neuroprotective drugs (A) [TV-3326 (N-propargyl-3R-aminoindan-5yl)-ethyl methylcarbamate)], with both cholinesterase-butyrylesterase and brain selective monoamine-oxidase (MAO) A/B inhibitory activities and (B) the iron chelator-radical scavenging-brain selective monoamine oxidase (MAO) A/B inhibitor and M30 possessing the neuroprotective and neurorescuing propargyl moiety of rasagiline, as potential treatment of AD, DLB and PD with dementia...
March 2013: Experimental Neurobiology
Yaron D Barac, Orit Bar-Am, Esti Liani, Tamar Amit, Luba Frolov, Elena Ovcharenko, Itzchak Angel, Moussa B H Youdim, Ofer Binah
TVP1022, the S-enantiomer of rasagiline (Azilect®) (N-propargyl-1R-aminoindan), exerts cyto/cardio-protective effects in a variety of experimental cardiac and neuronal models. Previous studies have demonstrated that the protective activity of TVP1022 and other propargyl derivatives involve the activation of p42/44 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway. In the current study, we further investigated the molecular mechanism of action and signaling pathways of TVP1022 which may account for the cyto/cardio-protective efficacy of the drug...
2012: PloS One
Gillian M Keating, Katherine A Lyseng-Williamson, Sheridan M Hoy
Oral rasagiline (Azilect®) as monotherapy or as an adjunct to levodopa provides a useful option in the symptomatic treatment of adult patients with Parkinson's disease. In patients with early Parkinson's disease, monotherapy with rasagiline 1 mg/day improved symptoms of the disease relative to placebo. As adjunctive therapy to levodopa in patients with advanced Parkinson's disease, rasagiline 0.5 or 1 mg/day significantly reduces the total daily 'off' time. Rasagiline is generally well tolerated when administered as monotherapy or as adjunctive therapy...
September 1, 2012: CNS Drugs
Lindsay C Strowd, Andrew D Lee, Gil Yosipovitch
This is a case report of a 69-year-old female with Parkinson's disease who developed an asymptomatic eruption on her legs bilaterally. Clinical and histologic examination was consistent with livedo reticularis, which was temporally associated with initiation of rasagiline. The pathogenesis of livedo reticularis is discussed along with the possible mechanisms for both rasagiline and amantidine causing drug-induced livedo reticularis in patients.
June 2012: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Sheridan M Hoy, Gillian M Keating
Rasagiline (Azilect®), a selective, irreversible, monoamine oxidase-B inhibitor, is available in the EU, the US and in several other countries worldwide, including Canada and Israel. It is indicated for the treatment of idiopathic Parkinson's disease as monotherapy or as adjunctive therapy to levodopa in patients [corrected]with end-of-dose fluctuations in the EU and for the treatment of adult patients with the signs and symptoms of idiopathic Parkinson's disease in the US. This article reviews the pharmacological properties, therapeutic efficacy and tolerability of rasagiline as monotherapy or as adjunctive therapy to levodopa in patients with Parkinson's disease...
March 26, 2012: Drugs
Katy Malpass
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2011: Nature Reviews. Neurology
N V Fedorova, F K Tekaeva, M E Bel'gusheva
The features of the new selective MAO-B inhibitor razagiline (azilect) are reviewed against the background of latest advances in the field of treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD). The authors present the results of treatment of 20 patients in the full-blown stage of disease (mean age of patients 61.4±7.0 years). One of the objectives was to study the effect of razagiline on speech disorders in PD. A battery of scales was used to assess the global efficacy of treatment and the effect of the drug on the groups of symptoms...
2011: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Zaid A Abassi, Yaron D Barac, Sawa Kostin, Ariel Roguin, Elena Ovcharenko, Hoda Awad, Ayelet Blank, Orit Bar-Am, Tamar Amit, Jutta Schaper, Moussa Youdim, Ofer Binah
BACKGROUND: Despite the availability of many pharmacological and mechanical therapies, the mortality rate among patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) remains high. We tested the hypothesis that TVP1022 (the S-isomer of rasagiline; Azilect), a neuroprotective and cytoprotective molecule, is also cardioprotective in the settings of experimental CHF in rats. METHODS AND RESULTS: In rats with volume overload-induced CHF, we investigated the therapeutic efficacy of TVP1022 (7...
July 2011: Circulation. Heart Failure
Orly Weinreb, Silvia Mandel, Orit Bar-Am, Tamar Amit
It is for these authors a great privilege to dedicate this review article to Moussa Youdim, who is one of the most imperative pharmacologists and pioneer investigators in the search and development of novel therapeutics for neurodegenerative diseases. 40 years ago, Moussa Youdim has started studying brain iron, catecholamine receptor and monoamine oxidase (MAO)-A and -B functions. Although Moussa Youdim succeeded in exploring the novel anti-Parkinsonian, selective MAO-B inhibitor drug, rasagiline (Azilect, Teva Pharmaceutical Co...
March 2011: Journal of Neural Transmission
Dawn S Knudsen Gerber
Parkinson's disease is a complicated disease state that affects patients' quality of life. The first monoamine oxidase (MAO-B) inhibitor for PD, selegiline (Eldepryl), was approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 1996, and rasagiline (Azilect) received FDA approval in 2006. At first, pharmacists may assume that rasagiline is just another me-too drug. There are three areas in which the two medications differ from each other: MAO type A inhibitors are found in high concentrations in the intestines, and MAO type B inhibitors are found mostly in the brain...
January 2011: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
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