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Best practices and children and mental health

Dawid Gondek, Julian Edbrooke-Childs, Tjasa Velikonja, Louise Chapman, Felicity Saunders, Daniel Hayes, Miranda Wolpert
: Implementation of person-centred care has been widely advocated across various health settings and patient populations, including recent policy for child and family services. Nonetheless, evidence suggests that service users are rarely involved in decision-making, whilst their preferences and goals may be often unheard. The aim of the present research was to systematically review factors influencing person-centred care in mental health services for children, young people and families examining perspectives from professionals, service users and carers...
December 2, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Julie Tonsgaard Kloppenborg, Jens-Christian Holm
The ongoing childhood obesity pandemic is a comprehensive health challenge in the 21st century with major implications for mental and physical health and disease with an increased morbidity and mortality resulting in a shortening of expected life span. Obesity should be understood as a chronic disease regulated by a complex neuroendocrine system aiming at fat mass preservation. Multidisciplinary chronic care treatment based on current guidelines, meta-analyses, systematic reviews, and best-practice standards across health sectors are recommended to alleviate and counteract childhood obesity...
October 31, 2016: Ugeskrift for Laeger
Karen Wells, Marie McCaig
BACKGROUND: This paper uses a case study to describe the implementation of the Magic Wand Question (MWQ), also known as the miracle question, in a child and adolescent mental health service (CAMHS) in Scotland. The MWQ, a common intervention, is based on a Solution-Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT) approach. This intervention was undertaken by a third year student nurse with the intention of demonstrating how practice can be more closely aligned to a recovery-focused, strengths-based approach, which is in line with national policy...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
Chris Rossiter, Virginia Schmied, Lynn Kemp, Cathrine Fowler, Sue Kruske, Caroline S E Homer
AIMS: The aim of this study was to explore the extent to which Australian child and family health nurses work with families with complex needs and how their practice responds to the needs of these families. BACKGROUND: Many families with young children face challenges to their parenting capacity, potentially placing their children at risk of poorer developmental outcomes. Nurses increasingly work with families with mental health problems, trauma histories and/or substance dependence...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Eve-Lynn Nelson, Susan Sharp
Because of the widening gap between need for child mental health services and availability of child specialists, secure videoconferencing options are more needed than ever to address access challenges across underserved settings. This article reviews real-time videoconferencing evidence across telemental health with children and adolescents. It summarizes emerging guidelines that inform best practices for child telemental health using videoconferencing. It presents a case example of best practices across behavioral health specialties...
October 2016: Pediatric Clinics of North America
Hagit Berdishevsky, Victoria Ashley Lebel, Josette Bettany-Saltikov, Manuel Rigo, Andrea Lebel, Axel Hennes, Michele Romano, Marianna Białek, Andrzej M'hango, Tony Betts, Jean Claude de Mauroy, Jacek Durmala
In recent decades, there has been a call for change among all stakeholders involved in scoliosis management. Parents of children with scoliosis have complained about the so-called "wait and see" approach that far too many doctors use when evaluating children's scoliosis curves between 10° and 25°. Observation, Physiotherapy Scoliosis Specific Exercises (PSSE) and bracing for idiopathic scoliosis during growth are all therapeutic interventions accepted by the 2011 International Society on Scoliosis Orthopaedic and Rehabilitation Treatment (SOSORT)...
2016: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
Lisseth Rojas-Flores, Mari L Clements, J Hwang Koo, Judy London
The mental health impact of parental detention and deportation on citizen children is a topic of increasing concern. Forced parent-child separation and parental loss are potentially traumatic events (PTEs) with adverse effects on children's mental health. Objective: This study examines posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and psychological distress among 91 Latino U.S.-born children (ages 6 to 12), living in mixed-status families with a least 1 undocumented parent at risk for detention or deportation...
August 8, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
Gillian Thompson
Adolescent parents and their children present to health care practitioners as two paediatric patients, each with unique health care needs. Young parents and their children may be at risk for negative health outcomes, not directly as a consequence of maternal age but because of poverty and other inequities in the social determinants of health. The health needs of child and mother are best assessed using a nonjudgmental approach, appropriate screening tools and open questions that address both preventative and acute health issues...
June 2016: Paediatrics & Child Health
Michael Saulino, Cindy B Ivanhoe, John R McGuire, Barbara Ridley, Jeffrey S Shilt, Aaron L Boster
INTRODUCTION: When spasticity interferes with comfort, function, activities of daily living, mobility, positioning, or caregiver assistance, patients should be considered for intrathecal baclofen (ITB) therapy. METHODS: An expert panel consulted on best practices. RESULTS: ITB can be considered for problematic spasticity involving muscles/muscle groups during all phases of diseases, including progressive neurologic diseases. ITB alone or with other treatments should not be exclusively reserved for individuals who have failed other approaches...
August 2016: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
Sarah Fraser, Julian Grant, Trudi Mannix
Introduction This study aimed to describe Maternal Child and Family Health Nurses' (MCaFHNs) perception of their role across Australia. MCaFHNs deliver services to positively influence the growth and development of children in the early years. Little is known about their role as they deliver care to children and families in Australia. Methods This study used in-depth qualitative inquiry. Sixteen expert MCaFHNs from the eight jurisdictions in Australia took part in semi-structured interviews conducted from April 2013 to August 2013...
July 12, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Teena M McGuinness, Simone C Durand
Despite significant progress in understanding anxiety disorders in youth, affected children are often unrecognized and never receive adequate treatment recognition. Although common among children and adolescents, many parents and health care providers do not realize anxiety disorders in youth predict anxiety disorders in adulthood. The history of anxiety disorders in childhood and their continuity into adolescence and adulthood are discussed. Treatment options and best practices for psychiatric nurses are also explored...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Edilma L Yearwood, Sally Raphel
UNLABELLED: Theme: Nursing education, management and leadership. Given the increasingly complex mental health needs of children and young people and the critical shortage of proficient mental health specialists, a study of US nursing education programs was done. Does the current paediatric nursing workforce preparation best meet the distinct needs of young people with behavioral and mental health challenges is the key question? Experts in the field of child psychiatric nursing practice, education and research came together to find model nursing programs for educational and clinical preparation...
May 9, 2016: Nursing Children and Young People
Ursula M Sansom-Daly, Claire E Wakefield, Brittany C McGill, Helen L Wilson, Pandora Patterson
BACKGROUND: Online technologies may reduce barriers to evidence-based mental health care, yet they also create numerous ethical challenges. Recently, numerous professional organizations and expert groups have produced best-practice guidelines to assist mental health professionals in delivering online interventions in an ethically and clinically sound manner. However, there has been little critical examination of these international best-practice guidelines regarding appropriate electronic mental health (e-mental health) service delivery via technologies such as videoconferencing (including Skype), particularly for specific, vulnerable populations...
2016: JMIR Mental Health
Inge Petersen, Sara Evans-Lacko, Maya Semrau, Margaret M Barry, Dan Chisholm, Petra Gronholm, Catherine O Egbe, Graham Thornicroft
BACKGROUND: In addition to services within the health system, interventions at the population and community levels are also important for the promotion of mental health, primary prevention of mental, neurological and substance use (MNS) disorders, identification and case detection of MNS disorders; and to a lesser degree treatment, care and rehabilitation. This study aims to identify "best practice" and "good practice" interventions that can feasibly be delivered at these population- and community-levels in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), to aid the identification of resource efficiencies and allocation in LMICs...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Kathryn H Short
Increasingly, the potential for school mental health programming to enhance the well-being of children and youth is being recognized and realized. When evidence-based practices in mental health promotion and prevention are adopted in a whole school manner, students show positive social emotional and academic benefits. These findings have stimulated a proliferation of mental well-being programming for Canadian schools, with variability across offerings in terms of supporting evidence, costs and ease of implementation...
January 1, 2016: International Journal of Mental Health Promotion
Sharon Stephan, Nancy Lever, Larraine Bernstein, Sarah Edwards, David Pruitt
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the potential and limits of school telemental health (TMH) to support a full continuum from mental health promotion to intervention, particularly for students less likely to access community care. METHODS: A review of school TMH literature and model programs, and of data from focus groups with child psychiatry fellows, was undertaken to inform best practices and future directions for TMH in schools. RESULTS: Existing data suggest that TMH with children and adolescents is promising and well received...
April 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
Stephanie Y Tam, Shea Houlihan, G J Melendez-Torres
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress (PTS) results in significant distress or functional impairment. Prevalence studies report higher rates of PTS in forcibly displaced children (FDC). Current evidence deriving mainly from cross-sectional studies is unable to make causal attributions. Given rising rates of forcible displacement reported by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in 2014, there is increasing need to determine the best policies and practice for engaging mental health needs of FDC...
December 30, 2015: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
Barry Zuckerman
To reduce inequities in child health, we need to reduce the gap between what we know and what we do. We must challenge our practices and traditions, develop new solutions and have the strength and courage to change how we practice. Based on my experience that the best way to help children is to help their parents, and the best way to reach parents is through their children, I propose a new frame of a 2-generation approach that focuses not only on the child but also on the parents and their relationship to guide our innovation and target improvements...
January 2016: Pediatrics
Rochelle F Hanson, Shannon Self-Brown, Whitney L Rostad, Matthew C Jackson
It is widely recognized that children in the child welfare system are particularly vulnerable to the adverse health and mental effects associated with exposure to abuse and neglect, making it imperative to have broad-based availability of evidence-based practices (EBPs) that can prevent child maltreatment and reduce the negative mental health outcomes for youth who are victims. A variety of EBPs exist for reducing child maltreatment risk and addressing the associated negative mental health outcomes, but the reach of these practices is limited...
March 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
Norah L Johnson, Karen Burkett, Judy Reinhold, Margaret W Bultas
INTRODUCTION: The number of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is rising, along with the potential for challenging behaviors during health care encounters. METHOD: We present an overview of the emerging science related to ASD diagnosis and interventions for children with ASD. RESULTS: Emerging science on ASD reveals common associated challenging behaviors, increasing prevalence, emphasis on early diagnosis at 18 to 24 months of age, changes in the diagnostic process with criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition, and interventions with medication, education, and behavior management...
January 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
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