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Best practices And youth and mental health

Tom Dunne, Lisa Bishop, Susan Avery, Stephen Darcy
The majority of adult mental health and substance use (MH&SU) conditions emerge in adolescence. Prevention, diagnosis, and treatment programs targeting this age group have a unique opportunity to significantly impact the well-being of the future generation of adults. At the same time, youth are reluctant to seek treatment and have high rates of dropout from interventions. An emphasis on youth engagement in prevention and treatment interventions for MH&SU results in better health outcomes for those youth. This literature review was undertaken to evaluate opportunities to improve youth engagement in MH&SU programs...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Michelle R Munson, Andrea Cole, Victoria Stanhope, Steven C Marcus, Mary McKay, James Jaccard, Shelly Ben-David
BACKGROUND: Transition-age youth have elevated rates of mental disorders, and they often do not receive services. This is a serious public health concern, as mental health conditions persist into adulthood. Continuing to engage this population has been a pervasive challenge for the mental health care system worldwide. Few mental health interventions have been developed for transition-age youth, and even fewer have been found to be effective over the transition to adulthood. Cornerstone, a theoretically guided intervention has shown promise for addressing the mental health and psychosocial needs of this population as they emerge into adulthood...
November 8, 2016: Trials
Prerna G Arora, Elizabeth H Connors, Melissa W George, Aaron R Lyon, Courtney B Wolk, Mark D Weist
Evidence-based assessment (EBA) is a critically important aspect of delivering high-quality, school-based mental health care for youth. However, research in this area is limited and additional applied research on how best to support the implementation of EBA in school mental health (SMH) is needed. Accordingly, this manuscript seeks to facilitate the advancement of research on EBA in SMH by reviewing relevant literature on EBA implementation in schools and providing recommendations for key research priorities...
October 11, 2016: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
Teena M McGuinness, Simone C Durand
Despite significant progress in understanding anxiety disorders in youth, affected children are often unrecognized and never receive adequate treatment recognition. Although common among children and adolescents, many parents and health care providers do not realize anxiety disorders in youth predict anxiety disorders in adulthood. The history of anxiety disorders in childhood and their continuity into adolescence and adulthood are discussed. Treatment options and best practices for psychiatric nurses are also explored...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Edilma L Yearwood, Sally Raphel
UNLABELLED: Theme: Nursing education, management and leadership. Given the increasingly complex mental health needs of children and young people and the critical shortage of proficient mental health specialists, a study of US nursing education programs was done. Does the current paediatric nursing workforce preparation best meet the distinct needs of young people with behavioral and mental health challenges is the key question? Experts in the field of child psychiatric nursing practice, education and research came together to find model nursing programs for educational and clinical preparation...
May 9, 2016: Nursing Children and Young People
Kathryn H Short
Increasingly, the potential for school mental health programming to enhance the well-being of children and youth is being recognized and realized. When evidence-based practices in mental health promotion and prevention are adopted in a whole school manner, students show positive social emotional and academic benefits. These findings have stimulated a proliferation of mental well-being programming for Canadian schools, with variability across offerings in terms of supporting evidence, costs and ease of implementation...
January 1, 2016: International Journal of Mental Health Promotion
Rochelle F Hanson, Shannon Self-Brown, Whitney L Rostad, Matthew C Jackson
It is widely recognized that children in the child welfare system are particularly vulnerable to the adverse health and mental effects associated with exposure to abuse and neglect, making it imperative to have broad-based availability of evidence-based practices (EBPs) that can prevent child maltreatment and reduce the negative mental health outcomes for youth who are victims. A variety of EBPs exist for reducing child maltreatment risk and addressing the associated negative mental health outcomes, but the reach of these practices is limited...
March 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
Paul Masotti, Sally Longstaffe, Holly Gammon, Jill Isbister, Breann Maxwell, Ana Hanlon-Dearman
BACKGROUND: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) has a significant impact on communities and systems such as health, education, justice and social services. FASD is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder that results in permanent disabilities and associated service needs that change across affected individuals' lifespans. There is a degree of interdependency among medical and non-medical providers across these systems that do not frequently meet or plan a coordinated continuum of care...
October 5, 2015: BMC Health Services Research
Charmaine K Higa-McMillan, Sarah E Francis, Leslie Rith-Najarian, Bruce F Chorpita
Anxiety disorders are the most common mental health disorder among children and adolescents. We examined 111 treatment outcome studies testing 204 treatment conditions for child and adolescent anxiety published between 1967 and mid-2013. Studies were selected for inclusion in this review using the PracticeWise Evidence-Based Services database. Using guidelines identified by this journal (Southam-Gerow & Prinstein, 2014), studies were included if they were conducted with children and/or adolescents (ages 1-19) with anxiety and/or avoidance problems...
2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Heather Stuart, Shu-Ping Chen, Romie Christie, Keith Dobson, Bonnie Kirsh, Stephanie Knaak, Michelle Koller, Terry Krupa, Bianca Lauria-Horner, Dorothy Luong, Geeta Modgill, Scott B Patten, Mike Pietrus, Andrew Szeto, Rob Whitley
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the ongoing activities of the Opening Minds (OM) Anti-Stigma Initiative of the Mental Health Commission of Canada regarding the 4 groups targeted (youth, health care providers, media, and workplaces), highlight some of the key methodological challenges, and review lessons learned. METHOD: The approach used by OM is rooted in community development philosophy, with clearly defined target groups, contact-based education as the central organizing element across interventions, and a strong evaluative component so that best practices can be identified, replicated, and disseminated...
October 2014: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
Brianne H Kothari, Bowen McBeath, Emilie Lamson-Siu, Sara Jade Webb, Paul Sorenson, Hannah Bowen, Jeff Waid, Lew Bank
Due to their ubiquity and possible influence on youth mental health, academic, and other outcomes, sibling-focused intervention strategies may be important for the development and implementation of evidence-based practices (EBPs) in child welfare. However, there is no rigorous evidence as to either the best methods for, or feasibility of, incorporating the sibling link within existing clinical treatments for foster youth. This paper applies the literature on evidence-based practices (EBP) and implementation research in child welfare to sibling-focused intervention; and presents data concerning the development, delivery, cost, and feasibility of a novel sibling-focused intervention program, Supporting Siblings in Foster Care (SIBS-FC)...
December 2014: Evaluation and Program Planning
Richard Dembo, Jennifer Wareham, James Schmeidler, Rhissa Briones-Robinson, Ken C Winters
Research indicates at-risk youth are more likely to experience emotional and psychological problems. Young people who are often truant from school represent a group of at-risk youth, but one for which mental health issues are understudied. This study examined heterogeneity of mental health problems among a sample of 300 truant adolescents using latent class analysis (LCA). LCA indicated the sample of truants was best represented by four latent subgroups of youth with low mental health problems; high depression, low mania; high mania, low depression; and high depression and mania...
July 2016: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
Denise Fortin, Lynne McVey, Simon Racine, André J Luyet, Mimi Israël, Evens Villeneuve, Jean-François Trudel, Linda Fortier
GOAL: Quebec's three mental health university institutes (DMHUI, IUSMM and the IUSMQ) and the Centre hospitalier universitaire de Sherbrooke submitted a statement to the provincial consultation forum on the 2014-2020 Mental Health Action Plan (MHAP), which was held in January 2014 and organized by the Ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux (MSSS). This article presents these institutes' main recommendations. METHOD: Mental health university institutes deliver a wide and diverse range of services...
2014: Santé Mentale Au Québec
India Bohanna, Katrina Bird, Jan Copeland, Nicholas Roberts, Alan Clough
INTRODUCTION: Regular cannabis use is associated with negative mental health impacts including psychosis, depression and anxiety. Rates of cannabis use have increased in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities in northern Australia within the last two decades, presenting a significant increased risk to young people's mental health in these regions. Improved screening, early detection and treatment for cannabis-related mental health issues are urgently required. This paper describes a service-level action research intervention and evaluation protocol for use in the few services where it is possible to engage young Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians...
2014: BMJ Open
Monica Gammelgård, Anna-Maija Koivisto, Markku Eronen, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino
BACKGROUND: Structured violence risk assessment is an essential part of treatment planning for violent young people. The Structured Assessment of Violence Risk in Youth (SAVRY) has been shown to have good reliability and validity in a range of settings but has hardly been studied in adolescent mental health services. AIMS: This study aimed to evaluate the long-term predictive validity of the SAVRY in adolescent psychiatry settings. METHODS: In a prospective study, 200 SAVRY assessments of adolescents were acquired from psychiatric, forensic and correctional settings...
July 2015: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Sion Kim Harris, Jennifer Louis-Jacques, John R Knight
Substance use is the most common health risk behavior among adolescents and is one of the greatest threats to their current and future health. Universal screening of adolescents in general medical settings can be instrumental in identifying substance use early, before further problems develop and when BIs are more likely to be effective. Screening in and of itself may have some therapeutic effect. Brief screening tools feasible for use by busy medical offices to quickly and reliably assess adolescent risk for a substance use disorder now are available...
April 2014: Adolescent Medicine: State of the Art Reviews
Yukari Seko, Sean Kidd, David Wiljer, Kwame McKenzie
Mobile phone technologies have been hailed as a promising means for delivering mental health interventions to youth and adolescents, the age group with high cell phone penetration and with the onset of 75% of all lifetime mental disorders. Despite the growing evidence in physical health and adult mental health, however, little information is available about how mobile phones are implemented to deliver mental health services to the younger population. The purpose of this scoping study was to map the current state of knowledge regarding mobile mental health (mMental Health) for young people (age 13-24 years), identify gaps, and consider implications for future research...
September 2014: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
Alex S Keuroghlian, Derri Shtasel, Ellen L Bassuk
A disproportionate number of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth experience homelessness each year in the United States. LGBT youth who are homeless have particularly high rates of mental health and substance use problems, suicidal acts, violent victimization, and a range of HIV risk behaviors. Given the intense needs of LGBT youth experiencing homelessness, it is imperative to understand their unique experiences and develop responsive practices and policies. The range and severity of health risks vary across subgroups of all homeless LGBT youth, and because the population is nonhomogeneous, their particular needs must be identified and addressed...
2014: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
Danya Fast, Thomas Kerr, Evan Wood, Will Small
Transitions into more harmful forms of illicit drug use among youth have been identified as important foci for research and intervention. In settings around the world, the transition to crystal methamphetamine (meth) use among youth is considered a particularly dangerous and growing problem. Epidemiological evidence suggests that, particularly among young, street-involved populations, meth use is associated with numerous sex- and drug-related "risks behaviors" and negative health outcomes. Relatively few studies, however, have documented how youth themselves understand, experience and script meth use over time...
June 2014: Social Science & Medicine
Stephanie L Greenham, Joseph Persi
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about inpatient psychiatry settings and the services they provide for children and adolescents in Ontario. This paper provides the first broad description of unit characteristics, services provided, and patient characteristics in these settings. METHOD: Nominated representatives from Ontario hospitals with generic mental health beds (i.e., providing inpatient care across diagnostic groups) for children and adolescents were surveyed regarding data from April 2009 to March 2010...
February 2014: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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