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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203142/development-and-feasibility-assessment-of-a-rotational-orthosis-for-walking-with-arm-swing
#1
Juan Fang, Qing Xie, Guo-Yuan Yang, Le Xie
Interlimb neural coupling might underlie human bipedal locomotion, which is reflected in the fact that people swing their arms synchronously with leg movement in normal gait. Therefore, arm swing should be included in gait training to provide coordinated interlimb performance. The present study aimed to develop a Rotational Orthosis for Walking with Arm Swing (ROWAS), and evaluate its feasibility from the perspectives of implementation, acceptability and responsiveness. We developed the mechanical structures of the ROWAS system in SolidWorks, and implemented the concept in a prototype...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128085/antiphospholipid-syndrome-with-anti%C3%AE-2glicoprotein-1-antibodies-as-the-cause-of-recurrent-tibial-vein-thrombosis-in-sapho-syndrome
#2
Hanna Przepiera-Będzak, Marek Brzosko
The antiphospholipid antibody syndrome is defined by the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies in patients with recurrent venous or arterial thromboembolism (1). SAPHO syndrome is a rare disease, characterized by specific clinical manifestations of synovitis, acne pustulosis, hyperostosis, and osteitis. It is a disease that manifests with a combination of osseous and articular manifestations associated with skin lesions (2). Venous thrombosis complicating SAPHO syndrome seems to be uncommon with an unclear pathogenesis (3-9)...
December 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124724/number-of-positive-radiographic-findings-in-pediatric-trauma-patients
#3
Thomas Ruffing, Tim Danko, Thomas Henzler, Christel Weiss, Alexander Hofmann, Markus Muhm
PURPOSE: Conventional radiography is frequently performed in pediatric patients in whom fractures and dislocations are suspected. However, until now, the rate of positive findings of the most commonly performed radiographic examinations in pediatric patients is unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the number of positive findings in the 20 most frequently requested standard radiographic examinations in pediatric patients in a level 1 trauma center systematically. METHODS: A transversal cohort study was conducted at a level 1 trauma center in Germany (2008-2014)...
January 26, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121204/efficacy-of-golimumab-for-preventing-large-joint-destruction-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-as-determined-by-the-arashi-score
#4
Katsuaki Kanbe, Koei Oh, Junji Chiba, Yasuo Inoue, Masashi Taguchi, Akiko Yabuki
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the inhibitory effect of golimumab on large joint destruction in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. METHODS: We recruited 45 patients with rheumatoid arthritis and evaluated the radiographic severity of large joint destruction using the ARASHI (assessment of rheumatoid arthritis by scoring of large joint destruction and healing in radiographic imaging) score. We evaluated 450 large joints including the elbow, shoulder, hip, knee and ankle at baseline and 52 weeks after treatment with golimumab...
January 25, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059962/intraoperative-micro-breaks-with-targeted-stretching-enhance-surgeon-physical-function-and-mental-focus-a-multicenter-cohort-study
#5
Adrian E Park, Hamid R Zahiri, M Susan Hallbeck, Vedra Augenstein, Erica Sutton, Denny Yu, Bethany R Lowndes, Juliane Bingener
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of intraoperative targeted stretching micro breaks (TSMBs) on the experienced pain and fatigue, physical functions, and mental focus of surgeons. BACKGROUND: Surgeons are routinely subject to mental and physical stresses through the course of their work in the operating room. One of the factors most contributory to the shortening of a surgeon's career is work-related pain and its effects on patient safety and personal relationships...
February 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045690/clinical-case-of-the-month-a-49-year-old-man-who-presents-with-left-sided-weakness-an-update-on-ischemic-stroke
#6
Najy Masri, Rikki Weems, Falon Brown, Ben Andres, Fred Lopez
A 49 year-old man with a past medical history significant for essential hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and coronary artery disease status post percutaneous coronary intervention and stent placement in the right coronary artery in 2010 presented for evaluation of left hemiplegia. He was feeling well until three hours prior to presentation, at which time he fell while walking from his bedroom into the kitchen. After falling, he noticed that his left upper and lower extremities felt weak. He denied any symptoms preceding the fall or any loss of consciousness...
November 2016: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002339/delayed-treatment-of-septic-arthritis-in-the-neonate-a-review-of-52-cases
#7
REVIEW
YiQiang Li, QingHe Zhou, YuanZhong Liu, WeiDong Chen, JingChun Li, Zhe Yuan, BiCheng Yong, HongWen Xu
There is still controversy on the management of septic arthritis in neonates. This study aims to investigate the treatment of septic arthritis in neonates.We reviewed 52 neonates (37 males and 15 females) with septic arthritis in our hospital during 2004 to 2015. The mean age at onset of infection was 17.5 ± 7.6 days, mean age at admission was 32.6 ± 10.7 days. A total of 56 joints were involved (22 knees, 18 shoulders, 13 hips, and 3 other joints). Thiryt-six patients underwent surgical drainage, 14 patients were treated nonoperatively, 2 families refused treatment...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989355/knee-shoulder-and-fundamentals-of-arthroscopic-surgery-training-validation-of-a-virtual-arthroscopy-simulator
#8
Josef N Tofte, Brian O Westerlind, Kevin D Martin, Brian L Guetschow, Bastián Uribe-Echevarria, Chamnanni Rungprai, Phinit Phisitkul
PURPOSE: To validate the knee, shoulder, and virtual Fundamentals of Arthroscopic Training (FAST) modules on a virtual arthroscopy simulator via correlations with arthroscopy case experience and postgraduate year. METHODS: Orthopaedic residents and faculty from one institution performed a standardized sequence of knee, shoulder, and FAST modules to evaluate baseline arthroscopy skills. Total operation time, camera path length, and composite total score (metric derived from multiple simulator measurements) were compared with case experience and postgraduate level...
December 15, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984832/-injuries-in-karate-sports-a-survey-performed-during-the-world-championship-2014
#9
T Tischer, B Lembcke, M Ellenrieder, Ä Glass, W Weigert, W Mittelmeier
Background: In literature, the competitive sport of modern karate is almost always characterised as a combat sport involving injuries caused by impact effects and physical contact with opponents. There is a lack of data regarding the outcome after karate injuries, specifically with a view to the contact-free Kata karate. Methods: Performing a random test using a questionnaire, we collected data concerning regular medical treatment, prior surgeries of the locomotor system, and medical care. This study included 300 athletes from 65 countries (average age: 24...
December 2016: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979366/does-the-saline-load-test-still-have-a-role-in-the-orthopaedic-world-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#10
REVIEW
Benjamin B Browning, Anthony V Ventimiglia, Anant Dixit, Emmanuel Illical, William P Urban, Julio J Jauregui
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this systematic review was to assess the efficacy of Saline load tests (SLTs) to evaluate extension of periarticular wounds into capsule in emergent settings. METHODS: We systematically reviewed the literature to evaluate the accuracy of the SLT in diagnosing penetrating joint injuries in the elbow, wrist, shoulder, knee, or ankle. RESULTS: The SLT values to determine knee arthrotomies vary from 73.8 mL to 194 mL with sensitivities ranging between 91% and 99% depending on the size of the laceration...
December 2016: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957404/effects-of-real-world-versus-virtual-environments-on-joint-excursions-in-full-body-reaching-tasks
#11
James S Thomas, Christopher R France, Samuel T Leitkam, Megan E Applegate, Peter E Pidcoe, Stevan Walkowski
Starting from an upright standing posture and reaching for a target that requires some forward bending of the trunk can involve many different configurations of the trunk and limb segments. We sought to determine if configurations of the limb and trunk segments during our standardized full-body reaching tasks were influenced by the visual environment. This paper examined movement patterns of healthy participants ([Formula: see text], eight female and nine male) performing full body reaching tasks to: 1) real-world targets; 2) virtual targets presented on a 3-D television; and 3) virtual targets presented using a head-mounted display...
2016: IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919199/predictive-factors-associated-with-the-progression-of-large-joint-destruction-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-after-biologic-therapy-a-post-hoc-analysis-using-fdg-pet-ct-and-the-arashi-assessment-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-by-scoring-of-large-joint-destruction
#12
Takahito Suto, Yukio Yonemoto, Koichi Okamura, Chisa Okura, Tetsuya Kaneko, Tsutomu Kobayashi, Masahiro Tachibana, Yoshito Tsushima, Kenji Takagishi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations between large-joint damage and findings on fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography combined with computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) using the "assessment of rheumatoid arthritis by scoring of large-joint destruction and healing in radiographic imaging (ARASHI)" scoring system. METHODS: A total of 270 large joints (shoulders, elbows, hips, knees, and ankles) in 27 rheumatoid arthritis patients were assessed. FDG-PET/CT was performed at the initiation of biologics...
December 23, 2016: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881628/normative-reference-values-for-strength-and-flexibility-of-1-000-children-and-adults
#13
Marnee J McKay, Jennifer N Baldwin, Paulo Ferreira, Milena Simic, Natalie Vanicek, Joshua Burns
OBJECTIVE: To establish reference values for isometric strength of 12 muscle groups and flexibility of 13 joint movements in 1,000 children and adults and investigate the influence of demographic and anthropometric factors. METHODS: A standardized reliable protocol of hand-held and fixed dynamometry for isometric strength of ankle, knee, hip, elbow, and shoulder musculature as well as goniometry for flexibility of the ankle, knee, hip, elbow, shoulder, and cervical spine was performed in an observational study investigating 1,000 healthy male and female participants aged 3-101 years...
January 3, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862166/association-between-temporomandibular-disorders-and-pain-in-other-regions-of-the-body
#14
L L Bonato, V Quinelato, P C De Felipe Cordeiro, E B De Sousa, R Tesch, P L Casado
The pain from temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is often associated with physical symptoms of other chronic pain disorders and comorbidities, such as generalised muscle and joint pain. However, this association is not widely studied. To evaluate the prevalence of comorbid pain in joints, specifically in the knees, hips, ankles, shoulders, wrists and elbows, in individuals with and without TMD. We evaluated 337 patients from a public hospital in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The Research Diagnostic Criteria for TMD questionnaire were used for the diagnosis of TMD...
January 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860135/joint-lavage-followed-by-viscosupplementation-and-triamcinolone-in-patients-with-severe-haemophilic-arthropathy-objective-functional-results
#15
M U Rezende, F R Andrusaitis, R T Silva, E Okazaki, J D A Carneiro, G C Campos, A F Pailo, R Frucchi, T Pasqualin, P R Villaça
INTRODUCTION: Viscosupplementation can improve function in haemophilia patients. Viscosupplementation results can be improved by prior joint lavage and triamcinolone administration. AIM: To objectively assess whether viscosupplementation and associated triamcinolone use in patients with severe haemophilic arthropathy following joint lavage improves force and balance and reduces bleeding events. METHODS: Fourteen patients with haemophilic knee arthritis with and without the involvement of other joints underwent joint lavage and subsequent injections of Hylan G-F20 and triamcinolone into all affected joints...
November 16, 2016: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823805/the-effect-of-emotion-on-movement-smoothness-during-gait-in-healthy-young-adults
#16
Gu Eon Kang, M Melissa Gross
This study aimed to investigate the effect of emotion on movement smoothness during gait. We followed an autobiographical memories paradigm to induce four target emotions, neutral emotion, sadness, anger and joy, in eighteen healthy young adults. Participants performed gait trials while feeling the target emotions. We collected gait data using an eight-camera optoelectronic motion capture system. We measured spatiotemporal gait parameters, smoothness of linear movements for the whole body center-of-mass (COM), head, thorax and pelvis in the anterior-posterior (AP), vertical (VT) and mediolateral (ML) directions, and smoothness of angular movements in the sagittal plane for the shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, knee and ankle...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810034/primary-synovial-chondromatosis-of-the-talonavicular-joint-a-case-report
#17
Jun-Beom Kim, In-Soo Song, Sang-Yeop Shin, Ja-Yeong Yoon
Synovial chondromatosis developes by metaplasia of the synovial cells in the synovium of joints, and is a benign synovial tumor with multiple cartilaginous nodules. It is most commonly found in single and large joints, such as the knee, hip, and shoulder. Occurrence in the foot and ankle is uncommon, although there have been previous reports in the orthopedic and radiological literature of primary synovial chondromatosis in the subtalr, calcaneocuboid, naviculocuneiform, and metatarsaophalangeal joints. To our knowledge, occurrence in the talonavicular joint is even rarer, with only one report in the literature to date...
December 2016: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792040/variation-in-pediatric-orthopedic-case-volume-among-residents-an-assessment-of-accreditation-council-for-graduate-medical-education-case-logs
#18
Richard M Hinds, Donna Phillips, Kenneth A Egol, John T Capo
The aim of this investigation was to examine graduating orthopedic resident case logs to evaluate trends in performing pediatric orthopedic procedures and compare pediatric orthopedic case volume among residents in the 90th, 50th, and 10th percentiles (by case volume) to identify caseload variation. Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education orthopedic resident case logs were examined for graduating years 2007-2013. Linear regression analyses were carried out to assess temporal trends in pediatric orthopedic case volume...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771027/intra-articular-injection-with-triamcinolone-hexacetonide-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-prospective-assessment-of-goniometry-and-joint-inflammation-parameters
#19
Rita Nely Vilar Furtado, Flávia Soares Machado, Karine Rodrigues da Luz, Marla Francisca Dos Santos, Monique Sayuri Konai, Roberta Vilela Lopes, Jamil Natour
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate local joint variables after intra-articular injection (IAI) with triamcinolone hexacetonide (HT) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. METHODS: We blindly and prospectively (baseline, 1, 4, 12 and 24 weeks) evaluated metacarpophalangeal (MCP), wrist, elbow, shoulder, knee and ankle joints after HT IAI by the following outcome measures: Visual analogue scale 0-10cm (VAS) for rest pain (VASR); VAS for movement pain (VASM); VAS for joint swelling (VASSw); flexion (FlexG) and extension (ExtG)...
August 18, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725798/holding-a-handle-for-balance-during-continuous-postural-perturbations-immediate-and-transitionary-effects-on-whole-body-posture
#20
Jernej Čamernik, Zrinka Potocanac, Luka Peternel, Jan Babič
When balance is exposed to perturbations, hand contacts are often used to assist postural control. We investigated the immediate and the transitionary effects of supportive hand contacts during continuous anteroposterior perturbations of stance by automated waist-pulls. Ten young adults were perturbed for 5 min and required to maintain balance by holding to a stationary, shoulder-high handle and following its removal. Center of pressure (COP) displacement, hip, knee and ankle angles, leg and trunk muscle activity and handle contact forces were acquired...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
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