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Chaisiri Angkurawaranon, Wichuda Jiraporncharoen, Surinporn Likhitsathian, Kanittha Thaikla, Manop Kanato, Usaneya Perngparn, Sawitri Assanangkornchai, Apinun Aramrattana
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Thailand borders some of the world's largest methamphetamine and opioid producing countries and trafficking routes. Thailand's 'War on Drugs' campaign was launched in 2003. This study reports trends in illicit substance use in Thailand over the period 2001-2011. DESIGN AND METHODS: National Household surveys on illicit drug use were conducted in 2001, 2003, 2007, 2008 and 2011. A stratified multi-stage cluster random sampling technique was implemented for each survey...
February 27, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Martin Watts
Cannabis use is common among the general population in many areas of the world and cannibis is readily available in much of New Zealand. We report an unusual complication of chronic cannabis use which has recently been described overseas. Cannabinoid hyperemesis with abnormal bathing behaviour is a syndrome of episodic cyclic vomiting, often associated with relief being obtained by hot water bathing or showering. Underlying the disorder is the chronic use of cannabis. The proposed mechanism of the syndrome is accumulation of cannabis metabolites in the brain...
February 27, 2009: New Zealand Medical Journal
I Lozano
Arab scientists were various centuries ahead of our current knowledge of the curative power of hemp (Cannabis sativa L., Cannabaceae). Modern scientific literature ignores their contribution on the subject. We review in this paper the therapeutic uses of the plant in Arabic medicine from the 8th to the 18th century. Arab physicians knew and used its diuretic, anti-emetic, anti-epileptic, anti-inflammatory, pain-killing and antipyretic properties, among others.
1997: Asclepio; Archivo Iberoamericano de Historia de la Medicina y AntropologĂ­a MĂ©dica
T A Sarafian, D P Tashkin, M D Roth
Marijuana smoke shares many components in common with tobacco smoke except for the presence of Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta(9)-THC), the psychotropic compound found only in Cannibis sativa. Delta(9)-THC has been shown to potentiate smoke-induced oxidative stress and necrotic cell death. In the present study, our objective was to determine the effects of Delta(9)-THC on the balance between Fas-induced apoptosis and necrosis in A549 lung tumor cells. We found that Fas-induced activation of caspase-3 was inhibited by whole smoke from both tobacco and marijuana cigarettes...
August 1, 2001: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
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