keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Above all else

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886967/the-independent-plastic-surgery-match-analysis-of-changes-in-recent-years-and-applicant-preferences
#1
Ziyad S Hammoudeh, Gamal Mostafa, Michel Saint-Cyr, Karim Bakri, Samir Mardini
BACKGROUND: The number of surgical applicants to "independent" plastic surgery programs has drastically decreased. However, the competitiveness of recent applicants relative to previous years has not been assessed. The purpose of this study was to analyze the characteristics of recent "independent" applicants and to obtain their preferences regarding the match. METHODS: A 25-question survey was distributed to 97 applicants of the 2012 "independent" match. The survey consisted of questions regarding demographics, academic qualifications, interview results, match results, program characteristic preferences, interview preferences, and future career plans...
November 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874118/the-influence-of-temperature-pressure-and-ag-doping-on-the-physical-properties-of-tio2-nanoceramics
#2
V H Tran, P Głuchowski, A Łukowiak, W Stre Combining Cedilla K
Undoped and Ag-doped TiO2 ceramics have been prepared at temperatures between 500-1000 °C and under pressures up to 8 GPa. Their crystal structures and physical properties were investigated by means of EDX, SEM, TEM, X-ray powder diffraction, and magnetization M, specific heat Cp and electrical resistance ρ measurements. It is found that the anatase-structured As-cast powder transforms into rutile and columbite-type at 500 °C and 5.5 GPa. The stabilization of the latter phase is fulfilled under a pressure of 8 GPa and at temperatures above 800 °C...
December 1, 2016: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855394/prenasal-thickness-prefrontal-space-ratio-and-other-facial-profile-markers-in-first-trimester-fetuses-with-aneuploidies-cleft-palate-and-micrognathia
#3
Merel Bakker, Margherita Pace, Els de Jong-Pleij, Erwin Birnie, Karl-Oliver Kagan, Caterina M Bilardo
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility and reproducibility of the prenasal thickness (PNT)/nasal bone length (NBL) ratio, maxilla-nasion-mandible (MNM) angle, facial profile line, profile line distance, and prefrontal space ratio (PFSR) in the first trimester of pregnancy, develop normal ranges, and evaluate these markers in abnormal fetuses. METHODS: All measurements were performed on stored images by two operators. Feasibility, interoperator agreement, and prediction intervals were calculated for all measurements...
November 18, 2016: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854455/much-ado-about-nothing-capturing-attention-toward-locations-without-new-perceptual-events
#4
Matthew D Hilchey, J Eric T Taylor, Jay Pratt
Popular frameworks of attention propose that visual orienting occurs through a combination of bottom-up (stimulus-driven) and top-down (goal-directed) processes. Much of the basic research on these processes adheres paradigmatically to experimental methods that introduce salient but task-irrelevant stimuli (objects or transients) to the visual environment to determine whether attention is captured to their locations. This common practice of changing or adding a stimulus to a location to determine whether it captures attention reflects a notion that locations at which new features or stimuli spontaneously appear are prioritized above all else...
December 2016: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815795/charles-william-lacaillade-biologist-parasitologist-educator-and-mentor
#5
Pascal James Imperato
Charles William Lacaillade (1904-1978) was an eminent biologist in the middle decades of the twentieth century. He was born in Lawrence, Massachusetts of parents whose ancestors were French Canadians. His father, also named Charles William Lacaillade, was a dentist who graduated from Tufts University School of Dentistry in 1898. His mother, Elodia Eno, came from a family of very successful businessmen. Lacaillade was the third of six children. His two older brothers, Harold Carleton and Hector Eno, both graduated from the University of Louisville, School of Dentistry, while his younger brother, Lawrence, became a businessman...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727157/brief-report-pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic-investigation-of-single-dose-oral-maraviroc-in-the-context-of-hiv-1-pre-exposure-prophylaxis
#6
Julie Fox, Juan M Tiraboschi, Carolina Herrera, Laura Else, Deirdre Egan, Laura Dickinson, Akil Jackson, Natalia Olejniczak, David Back, Saye Khoo, Robin Shattock, Marta Boffito
To investigate the pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics of single-dose maraviroc 300 mg in HIV-1 exposure compartments. Maraviroc concentrations in blood, secretions (vaginal, urethral, oral, and rectal), and tissue (vaginal and rectal) were measured, and ex vivo challenge was performed in 54 healthy volunteers to study protection from HIV infection. Maraviroc Cmax occurred within 4 hours in most compartments. Concentrations from 4 to 72 hours were above intracellular (IC) IC90 in all compartments, range 15-8095 ng/mL...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687753/telehealth-monitor-to-measure-physical-activity-and-pressure-relief-maneuver-performance-in-wheelchair-users
#7
Ariel V Dowling, Valerie Eberly, Somboon Maneekobkunwong, Sara J Mulroy, Philip S Requejo, Joseph T Gwin
The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the feasibility of a device for monitoring pressure relief maneuvers and physical activity for wheelchair users. The device counts the number of wheel-pushes based on wheelchair acceleration and measures pressure relief maneuvers using a seat-sensor consisting of three force sensing resistors. To establish the feasibility of the seat-sensor for the detection of pressure relief maneuvers, ten wheelchair users and ten non-disabled controls completed a series of wheelchair depression raises, forward trunk leans, and lateral trunk leans...
September 29, 2016: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586874/reluctance-to-retire-a-qualitative-study-on-work-identity-intergenerational-conflict-and-retirement-in-academic-medicine
#8
Michelle Pannor Silver, Sarah A Williams
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Some professions foster expectations that individuals cultivate their work identity above all other aspects of life. This can be problematic when individuals are confronted with the expectation that they will readily terminate this identity in later-career stages as institutions seek to cycle in new generations. This study examines the relationship between work identity and retirement by examining multiple generations of academic physicians. DESIGN AND METHODS: This study used a multimethod qualitative design that included document analysis, participant observation, focus groups, and in-depth interviews with academic physicians from one of the oldest departments of medicine in North America...
September 1, 2016: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27539881/the-use-of-the-soluble-adhesion-molecules-se-selectin-sicam-1-svcam-1-specam-1-and-their-ligands-cd11a-and-cd49d-as-diagnostic-and-prognostic-biomarkers-in-septic-and-critically-ill-non-septic-icu-patients
#9
Anders G Kjaergaard, Anders Dige, Jeppe S Nielsen, Else Tønnesen, Jan Krog
Endothelial activation is pivotal in the development and escalation of sepsis. Central to endothelial activation is the endothelial up-regulation of cellular adhesion molecules (CAMs) including E-selectin, ICAM-1, VCAM-1, and PECAM-1. Shed CAMs are also found in circulating soluble forms (sCAMs). We investigated whether sCAMs can be used as biomarkers for the differentiation between septic and non-septic patients. Furthermore, we investigated lymphocyte and monocyte expression of LFA-1 (CD11a/CD18) and VLA-4 (CD49d/CD29) ligands for ICAM-1 and VCAM-1, respectively...
October 2016: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27251666/blood-transfusion-strategy-and-risk-of-postoperative-delirium-in-nursing-homes-residents-with-hip-fracture-a-post-hoc-analysis-based-on-the-trife-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Sif Blandfort, Merete Gregersen, Lars Carl Borris, Else Marie Damsgaard
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether a liberal blood transfusion strategy [Hb levels ≥11.3 g/dL (7 mmol/L)] reduces the risk of postoperative delirium (POD) on day 10, among nursing home residents with hip fracture, compared to a restrictive transfusion strategy [Hb levels ≥9.7 g/dL (6 mmol/L)]. Furthermore, to investigate whether POD influences mortality within 90 days after hip surgery. METHODS: This is a post hoc analysis based on The TRIFE - a randomized controlled trial...
June 1, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27233840/flexible-dual-form-nicotine-replacement-therapy-or-varenicline-in-comparison-with-nicotine-patch-for-smoking-cessation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Heather E Tulloch, Andrew L Pipe, Charl Els, Matthew J Clyde, Robert D Reid
BACKGROUND: Extended use of combined pharmacotherapies to treat tobacco dependence may increase smoking abstinence; few studies have examined their effectiveness. The objective of this study was to evaluate smoking abstinence with standard nicotine patch (NRT), extended use of combined formulations of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT+), or varenicline (VR). METHODS: A total of 737 smokers, including those with medical and psychiatric comorbidities, were randomly assigned to one of the above three treatment conditions...
June 7, 2016: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27207635/the-thermal-dependence-of-na-flux-in-isolated-liver-cells-from-ectotherms-and-endotherms
#12
Paul L Else
The thermal dependence (0-40°C) of Na(+) flux in isolated liver cells of three endotherms (mice, rat and rabbit) was compared with that of ectotherms in the form of a thermally tolerant amphibian (cane toad), a cold-water fish (rainbow trout) and a thermophilic reptile (lizard). Mammals were found to share similar high rates of Na(+) flux (3.0-3.7 nmol Na(+) mg(-1) protein min(-1)) at their normal body temperatures (36-39°C). These Na(+) flux rates were significantly greater (P<0.0004-0.0001) than those of the ectotherms, which shared similar low rates of Na(+) flux (0...
July 15, 2016: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27047719/fpga-implemented-testbed-in-8-by-8-and-2-by-2-ofdm-mimo-channel-estimation-and-design-of-baseband-transceiver
#13
S Ramesh, R Seshasayanan
In this study, a baseband OFDM-MIMO framework with channel timing and estimation synchronization is composed and executed utilizing the FPGA innovation. The framework is prototyped in light of the IEEE 802.11a standard and the signals transmitted and received utilizing a data transmission of 20 MHz. With the assistance of the QPSK tweak, the framework can accomplish a throughput of 24 Mbps. Besides, the LS formula is executed and the estimation of a frequency-specific fading channel is illustrated. For the rough estimation of timing, MNC plan is examined and actualized...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26922291/the-potential-cardiotoxic-effects-of-exercise
#14
REVIEW
André La Gerche
The emerging controversy related to the potential cardiotoxic effects of high doses of intense exercise need to be considered among the much stronger evidence that supports the pleomorphic benefits of exercise as a whole. However, there is fairly compelling evidence to support the association between long-term sport practice and an increased prevalence of atrial fibrillation and the fact that this relates to a chronic altered atrial substrate. This article was designed to challenge the reader with speculative science that suggests that exercise might promote permanent structural changes in the myocardium which can, in some individuals, predispose to arrhythmias...
April 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26900262/randomized-controlled-trials-still-the-backbone-of-vascular-surgery
#15
A R Naylor
Prior to the introduction of evidence-based medicine, decision-making was largely based upon 'intuitive reasoning', whereby senior clinicians dictated practice based upon personal dogma, personal experience and (often) biased observational studies. This era began to end (in vascular surgery) following completion of the landmark randomized trials in carotid disease, which recruited patients throughout the 1980s. Despite scepticism amongst some surgeons of the time these particular randomized trials have stood the test of time and remain the cornerstone of virtually every guideline of practice to this day...
2016: Gefässchirurgie: Zeitschrift Für Vaskuläre und Endovaskuläre Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26326449/dimensions-of-masking-measured-by-constrained-natural-scene-sampling
#16
Stephen Sebastian, Jared Abrams, Wilson Geisler
An ultimate goal of vision science is to understand performance under natural conditions. We describe a direct experimental approach for identifying and quantifying the factors that affect detection performance in natural scenes. A large collection of calibrated natural images is divided into millions of background patches that are then sorted into narrow bins along the dimensions of interest. In the present study, each bin represents a particular (narrow range of) mean luminance, contrast, and similarity (phase-independent correlation of the background to the target)...
2015: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26316452/finishing-procedures-in-orthodontic-surgical-cases
#17
Jean-Michel Brunel
To ensure optimal results, we must do our utmost to achieve targets based on order, symmetry and precision, our ultimate aim being to strive towards the desired harmony, planned contrast and exact proportions. Orthodontic-surgical treatments require specific finishing procedures, which most often call for multidisciplinary, or even transdisciplinary, collaboration. Finishing will involve the dental arches just as much as the orofacial environment. Above all, treatment of this kind demands a highly targeted approach in combination with well-defined and perfectly executed techniques...
September 2015: International Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26276143/manuscript-title-facilitators-and-barriers-to-cotrimoxazole-prophylaxis-among-hiv-exposed-babies-a-qualitative-study-from-harare-zimbabwe
#18
Euphemia L Sibanda, Sarah Bernays, Ian V D Weller, James G Hakim, Frances M Cowan
BACKGROUND: Implementation of cotrimoxazole prophylaxis (CTX-p) among HIV-exposed infants (HEI) is poor in southern Africa. We conducted a study to investigate barriers to delivery of CTX-p to HEI in Zimbabwe at each step of the care cascade. Here we report findings of the qualitative component designed to investigate issues related to adherence conducted among women identified as HIV positive whose babies were started on CTX-p postnatally. Of note, Zimbabwe also provided nevirapine prophylaxis for HIV exposed babies, so the majority were giving nevirapine and CTX-p to their babies...
2015: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26215171/-the-development-and-validation-of-a-standardised-transfer-sheet-for-care-transitions-between-residential-and-acute-care-settings-in-leuven-belgium
#19
Maartje Wils, Els Devriendt, Koen Milisen, Johan Flamaing
BACKGROUND: When elderly patients are transferred from a residential to an acute care setting, important information regarding their health care can be lost. Over the past years, the concept of advance care planning has also been given a more prominent place in the care for the elderly. However it remains a challenge to communicate the results achieved by this process when patients are referred to another health care setting. Developing a sound method for transferring information is a key element in the transitional care for the elderly patient...
December 2015: Tijdschrift Voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26181358/jak-stat-pathway-inhibitors-and-neurologic-toxicity-above-all-else-do-no-harm
#20
COMMENT
Bart L Scott, Pamela S Becker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2015: JAMA Oncology
keyword
keyword
66165
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"