keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Carcinoma vulva

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815579/-histological-characteristics-of-hpv-associated-and-independent-squamous-cell-carcinomas-of-the-vulva-a-study-of-1594-cases
#1
Natalia Rakislova, Omar Clavero, Laia Alemany, Adela Saco, Beatriz Quirós, Belen Lloveras, Maria Alejo, Michael Pawlita, Wim Quint, Marta Del Pino, Silvia de Sanjose, Jaume Ordi
There are at least two different etio-pathogenic pathways for the development of vulvar squamous cell carcinoma (VSCC): one associated with infection by human papillomavirus (HPV) and another independent of HPV. We aimed to describe the histological characteristics of HPV-associated and HPV-independent tumors and to determine the best strategy to identify HPV in VSCC. A single paraffin block was available for review from a series of 1594 VSCCs. In all cases HPV DNA detection was analyzed using the SPF10PCR/DEIA/LiPA25 system and p16 immunohistochemistry (IHC)...
August 17, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791269/primary-mucinous-adenocarcinoma-of-the-vulva-intestinal-type
#2
In Ho Lee, Mi Kyung Kim, Yoo Kyung Lee, Sung Ran Hong, Ki Heon Lee
Primary vulva malignancy is a rare gynecologic malignancy. Most of them are squamous cell carcinomas and adenocarcinomas are much less common. Intestinal type is a rare variant of primary adenocarcinoma of the vulva. It histologically resembles mucinous colonic carcinomas. Origin from cloacal remnants has been suggested but remains speculative. A 64-year-old woman was referred to our clinic with a 1-month history of an itching vulva mass. An incisional biopsy was performed at other hospital and disclosed adenocarcinoma of intestinal type...
July 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748454/recurrence-with-pagetoid-spread-arising-17%C3%A2-years-after-surgery-for-intramucosal-rectal-cancer-a-case-report
#3
Taichi Matsubara, Yuta Kasagi, Kippei Ogaki, Yu Nakaji, Ryota Nakanishi, Yuichiro Nakashima, Masahiko Sugiyama, Hideto Sonoda, Hiroshi Saeki, Eiji Oki, Yoshihiko Maehara
BACKGROUND: Perianal Paget's disease (pPD) is uncommon, with only about 180 cases documented in the literature. Anorectal carcinoma with pagetoid spread is even rarer. CASE PRESENTATION: An 81-year-old woman underwent rectal cancer extirpation with a transanal approach 17 years prior. She has since undergone two reoperations for local rectal cancer recurrence. Then, warts frequently appeared on the vulva on several occasions. Warts appeared on the vulva 1 year ago, which were diagnosed as pPD by biopsy...
December 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740926/intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy-for-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-vulva-treatment-technique-and-outcomes
#4
Yuan James Rao, Anupama Chundury, Julie K Schwarz, Comron Hassanzadeh, Todd DeWees, Daniel Mullen, Matthew A Powell, David G Mutch, Perry W Grigsby
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to present the treatment technique and evaluate clinical outcomes after intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) for vulvar cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This retrospective study included 39 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the vulva treated with IMRT from 2005 to 2015. There were 21 patients treated with postoperative IMRT, 13 with definitive IMRT, and 5 with preoperative IMRT. Tumor staging was Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage I in 6, stage II in 7, stage III in 19, and stage IV in 7 patients...
April 2017: Advances in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735441/pathology-of-neuroendocrine-tumours-of-the-female-genital-tract
#5
REVIEW
Brooke E Howitt, Paul Kelly, W Glenn McCluggage
Neuroendocrine tumours are uncommon or rare at all sites in the female genital tract. The 2014 World Health Organisation (WHO) Classification of neuroendocrine tumours of the endometrium, cervix, vagina and vulva has been updated with adoption of the terms low-grade neuroendocrine tumour and high-grade neuroendocrine carcinoma. In the endometrium and cervix, high-grade neoplasms are much more prevalent than low-grade and are more common in the cervix than the corpus. In the ovary, low-grade tumours are more common than high-grade carcinomas and the term carcinoid tumour is still used in WHO 2014...
September 2017: Current Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732551/novel-additions-to-the-ajcc-s-new-staging-systems-for-skin-cancer
#6
J Cañueto, C Román-Curto
The eighth edition of the staging manual of the American Joint Committee on Cancer incorporates important changes in the classification of skin cancers. Coming 40 years after the first edition, the latest manual preserves its specific system for Merkel cell carcinoma and takes into account recent publications on the prognosis of squamous cell carcinoma by defining a completely new T category for this neoplasm. Staging for squamous cell carcinoma considers head and neck tumors (excluding the eyelid) and does not offer solutions for other sites except the vulva, penis, and perianal region...
July 18, 2017: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719486/p16-expression-and-biological-behavior-of-flat-vulvar-low-grade-squamous-intraepithelial-lesions-lsil
#7
Natasha Lewis, Luis Z Blanco, Kruti P Maniar
Flat low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL) of the vulva [vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN) 1, flat condyloma] is an uncommon entity with poorly understood biological behavior. We aimed to determine the risk of subsequent vulvar high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) or carcinoma following a diagnosis of vulvar LSIL/VIN 1, as well as the frequency and predictive value of p16 immunohistochemical expression in this setting. Of the 51 included cases, p16 positivity (diffuse block staining) was identified in 2 (4%)...
September 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709748/a-rare-presentation-of-primary-breast-carcinoma-in-the-vulva-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#8
Andre Lopes, Jessica St Louis, Marcelo Luiz Balancin, Angelica Nogueira-Rodrigues, Luana C F F Silva, Eduardo Paulino, Bianca Silveira Sá, Alexandra Bukowski, Edison Mantovani Barbosa, Ronaldo Lúcio Rangel Costa, Paul E Goss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706405/vulvar-lichen-sclerosus-et-atrophicus
#9
REVIEW
Pragya Ashok Nair
Vulvar lichen sclerosus (VLS) is a chronic inflammatory dermatosis characterized by ivory-white plaques or patches with glistening surface commonly affecting the vulva and anus. Common symptoms are irritation, soreness, dyspareunia, dysuria, and urinary or fecal incontinence. Anogenital lichen sclerosus (LS) is characterized by porcelain-white atrophic plaques, which may become confluent extending around the vulval and perianal skin in a figure of eight configuration. Thinning and shrinkage of the genital area make coitus, urination, and defecation painful...
April 2017: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700423/sox2-gene-amplification-and-overexpression-is-linked-to-hpv-positive-vulvar-carcinomas
#10
André Gut, Holger Moch, Matthias Choschzick
SOX2 (SRY-related HMG-box 2) belongs to the SOX gene family of high-mobility transcription factors indispensably involved in gene regulation in pluripotent stem cells and neural differentiation. SOX2 copy number increases have been frequently reported in various types of squamous cell cancer. To better understand the effect of SOX2 aberrations on vulvar cancer phenotype and patient prognosis, we analyzed SOX2 copy number changes using fluorescence in situ hybridization and SOX2 expression by immunohistochemistry in 55 squamous cell carcinomas of the vulva...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662775/improved-survival-with-definitive-chemoradiation-compared-to-definitive-radiation-alone-in-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-vulva-a-review-of-the-national-cancer-database
#11
Yuan James Rao, Re-I Chin, Caressa Hui, David G Mutch, Matthew A Powell, Julie K Schwarz, Perry W Grigsby, Stephanie Markovina
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether definitive chemoradiation (CRT) results in improved overall survival compared to radiation therapy (RT) alone in patients with vulvar cancer who are not candidates for surgery. We compared these treatment strategies in the National Cancer Database (NCDB). METHODS: We identified 1352 patients with pathologically-confirmed squamous cell carcinoma of the vulva treated with definitive RT (n=353) or definitive CRT (n=999) between 2003 and 2014 in the NCDB...
June 27, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614205/spectrum-of-changes-in-anogenital-mammary-like-glands-in-primary-extramammary-anogenital-paget-disease-and-their-possible-role-in-the-pathogenesis-of-the-disease
#12
Anastasia M Konstantinova, Dominic V Spagnolo, Colin J R Stewart, Denisa Kacerovska, Ksenya V Shelekhova, Jose A Plaza, Saul Suster, Jiri Bouda, Liubov Kyrpychova, Michal Michal, Irena E Belousova, Katrin Kerl, Dmitry V Kazakov
To determine whether a subset of primary extramammary Paget disease (EMPD) may originate in anogenital mammary-like glands (AGMLG), the authors studied 181 specimens of EMPD, detailing alterations in AGMLG. The latter were identified in 33 specimens from 31 patients. All patients were women, ranging in age from 38 to 93 years (median, 65 y). In all cases, lesions involved the vulva and in 1 patient the perianal skin was affected. Histopathologically, AGMLG manifested changes identical to columnar cell change (CCC) (87...
August 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582341/invasive-extramammary-paget-disease-of-the-vulva-with-signet-ring-cell-morphology-in-a-patient-with-signet-ring-cell-carcinoma-of-the-stomach-report-of-a-case
#13
Byung-Kwan Jeong, Kyu-Rae Kim
This report describes a rare case of invasive extramammary Paget disease of the vulva with signet ring cell morphology in a 58-yr-old woman with a history of signet ring cell carcinoma of the stomach. This case was initially misinterpreted as a metastatic gastric carcinoma to the vulva because an initial small, superficial biopsy specimen showed infiltration of signet ring cells in the dermis without intraepidermal Paget cells. However, a surgically resected specimen showed concordant immunophenotypes in both intraepidermal Paget cells and intradermal signet ring cell components with immunoreactivity to cytokeratin (CK) 7, CEA, and gross cystic disease fluid protein-15, and immunonegativity for CK20, MUC5AC, and MUC6...
June 2, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577297/prevalence-and-type-distribution-of-human-papillomavirus-in-squamous-cell-carcinoma-and-intraepithelial-neoplasia-of-the-vulva
#14
Mette T Faber, Freja L Sand, Vanna Albieri, Bodil Norrild, Susanne K Kjaer, Freija Verdoodt
In this updated systematic review and meta-analysis, we estimate the pooled prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA and HPV type distribution in squamous cell carcinoma of the vulva (vulvar cancer) and vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN). PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library databases were used to identify studies published between 1990 and 2015 and using a PCR-based or hybrid capture test to evaluate the presence of HPV DNA in vulvar cancer or VIN. Pooled estimates of the HPV prevalence with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated based on a random effects model...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546667/adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-of-vulva-11%C3%A2-years-single-institution-experience
#15
Leena Rose Johnson, Rema Prabhakaran Nair, Suchetha Sambasivan, Rari P Mony, Jayapriya Gangadharan, Aswin Kumar, Iqbal M Ahamed
INTRODUCTION: Adenoid cystic carcinoma of vulva (ACC-vulva) is an extremely rare entity with <100 cases reported in the literature so far. OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical profile and outcome of ACC-vulva treated at a tertiary cancer care centre in South India. METHODS: This is a retrospective, record-based study of histopathologically confirmed cases of ACC-vulva treated at our centre from January 2005 to March 2016. RESULTS: Only four patients were diagnosed with ACC-vulva during the 11-year period under study...
June 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541790/long-lasting-increased-risk-of-human-papillomavirus-related-carcinomas-and-premalignancies-after-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia-grade-3-a-population-based-cohort-study
#16
Renée M F Ebisch, Dominiek W E Rutten, Joanna IntHout, Willem J G Melchers, Leon F A G Massuger, Johan Bulten, Ruud L M Bekkers, Albert G Siebers
Purpose The aim of this study was to determine the risk of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related carcinomas and premalignancies in women diagnosed with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 3 (CIN3). Knowledge of this risk is important to preventing the development and progression of other HPV-related premalignancies and carcinomas, by considering prophylactic HPV vaccination and/or by paying increased attention to other HPV-related carcinomas and premalignancies when CIN3 is identified. Methods Women diagnosed with a CIN3 between 1990 and 2010 were identified from the Dutch nationwide registry of histopathology and cytopathology (PALGA) and matched with a control group of women without CIN3...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538888/verrucous-carcinoma-of-the-vulva-diagnosis-and-treatment
#17
Adriana Bittencourt Campaner, Fernanda de Araujo Cardoso, Gustavo Leme Fernandes, John Verrinder Veasey
Vulvar cancer accounts for less than 1% of malignancies in women. Verrucous carcinoma of the vulva is a rare histological variation, comprising less than 1% of vulvar cancer cases. Although it is characterized as being locally invasive, the condition is not associated with metastatic spreading. Lesions present in the form of a verrucous, ulcerated, and bleeding tumor that can reach large dimensions. This type of tumor can be mistaken for condylomata, both macroscopically and microscopically. We report the case of an 81-year-old patient with a large vulvar tumor presented for eight years, initially considered as a Buschke-Löwenstein tumor...
March 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529603/risk-factors-for-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia-and-cervical-cancer-in-chinese-women-large-study-in-jiexiu-shanxi-province-china
#18
Zhilian Wang, Jintao Wang, Jinrong Fan, Weihong Zhao, Xin Yang, Lingmei Wu, Dongyan Li, Ling Ding, Wei Wang, Junjie Xu, Michelle Stram, Chengquan Zhao, Min Hao
We aimed to investigate the risk factors for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) in Jiexiu, Shanxi Province, China. Twenty thousand eligible married women (age: 18-65 years) were administered with a questionnaire on potential risk factors for CIN and underwent liquid based Pap test. All women with abnormal cytological results underwent colposcopy with biopsy. Based on the biopsy pathology results, women were then assigned to either study group (with CIN) or control group (negative for histological results and volunteered to participate in the follow up study)...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510222/primary-ectopic-breast-cancer-of-the-vulva-treated-with-local-excision-of-the-vulva-and-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-a-case-report
#19
Takayuki Ishigaki, Yasuo Toriumi, Ryouko Nosaka, Rei Kudou, Yoshimi Imawari, Makiko Kamio, Hiroko Nogi, Hisashi Shioya, Hiroshi Takeyama
Primary breast cancer fairly infrequently occurs in ectopic breast tissue, and primary ectopic breast cancer of the vulva is particularly rare. Only 26 cases have been published in the English-language literature, and there has been no report of primary breast carcinoma of the vulva in Japan. We report a rare case of primary ectopic breast cancer of the vulva that was treated with local excision of the vulva and sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB). The patient was a 72-year-old woman who had noticed a right vulvar tumor 10 years earlier...
December 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509325/an-alternative-approach-to-gynecological-wound-healing
#20
Jakub Rzepka, Katarzyna Mosoń, Romuald Dębski
An 89-year-old woman was reffered to our Clinic with vulvar cancer. She also suffered from obesity [with body mass index (BMI) 35 kg/m2], persistent hypertension, diabetes mellitus type 2 treated with oral medications. In 2015 she underwent a surgery due to endometrial carcinoma. Total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salphingoophorectomy, omentectomy and pelvical node dissection was performed (histopathology revealed adenocarcinoma serosum G2; FIGO stage Ib). In January 2016 after vulvar ulceration biopsy plano-epithelial squamous vulvar cancer was diagnosed...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
keyword
keyword
6615
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"