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Chromogenic media

Marcin Drozd, Mariusz Pietrzak, Paweł G Parzuchowski, Elżbieta Malinowska
Catalytic nanomaterials, widely used as substitutes of peroxidase, exhibit unique properties, which are unattainable for native enzymes. However, their activity is usually examined by means of substrates developed and methods standardized for horseradish peroxidase (HRP). The aim of the presented work was to determine the scope of usefulness of chromogenic substrates for gold nanoparticle (AuNP) activity studies under conditions which significantly extend beyond the activity range of a native HRP. The applicability of chromogens such as 3,3'5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB), o-phenylenediamine (OPD), 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) beyond the typical range of pH, and for the samples of high concentration of hydrogen peroxide was examined...
October 8, 2016: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Andrea Monas, Krunoslav Užarević, Ivan Halasz, Marina Juribašić Kulcsár, Manda Ćurić
Room-temperature accelerated aging in the solid state has been applied for atom- and energy-efficient activation of either one or two C-H bonds of azobenzene and methyl orange by palladium(ii) acetate. Organopalladium complexes are prepared in quantitative reactions without potentially harmful side products. Dicyclopalladated methyl orange is water-soluble and is a selective chromogenic biothiol sensor at physiologically-relevant micromolar concentrations in buffered aqueous media.
September 9, 2016: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Camila Peres Rubio, Josefa Hernández-Ruiz, Silvia Martinez-Subiela, Asta Tvarijonaviciute, Marino Bañón Arnao, José Joaquín Ceron
We performed analytical validation of 3 automated assays of the total antioxidant capacity (TAC) in canine serum and evaluated their use in dogs with inflammatory bowel disease. The assays were based on the generation of a 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) radical cation (ABTS•(+)) in aqueous media, which produces a blue-green color. The antioxidants present in the sample remove the chromogen in proportion to their concentrations. The assays differed mainly in the way in which this radical was produced...
November 2016: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
Melanie L Yarbrough, Meghan A Wallace, Cynthia Marshall, Erin Mathias, C A Burnham
Urine is among the most common specimen type submitted to the clinical microbiology laboratory; the use of chromogenic agar is one method by which the laboratory might expedite culture results and reduce hands-on time and materials required for urine culture analysis. The objective of our study was to compare chromID CPS Elite (bioMérieux), a chromogenic medium, to conventional primary culture medium for evaluation of urine specimens. Remnant urine specimens (n=200) were inoculated to conventional media and to chromID CPS Elite agar (chromID)...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Zhenbo Xu, Yuchao Hou, Brian M Peters, Dingqiang Chen, Bing Li, Lin Li, Mark E Shirtliff
For the past decade, a number of chromogenic media for methicillin-resistance Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) detection have been developed and applied, including Oxoid Brilliance™ MRSA, CHROMagar™ MRSA, BBL™ CHROMagar™ MRSA, MRSASelect and chromID MRSA. The advantages of these chromogenic media offers direct detection of visible staphylococcal colonies, coupled with the use of chromogenic enzymatic substrates that can be hydrolyzed by S. aureus to confirm species or strain identification. BBL™ CHROMagar™ MRSA and MRSASelect are designed for detection of nasal colonization by MRSA, while CHROMagar™ MRSA, Oxoid Brilliance™ MRSA and chromID MRSA are readily applied in bacterial screening...
November 2016: Molecular Biology Reports
Delphine Martiny, Anne Dediste, Claire Anglade, Linda Vlaes, Catherine Moens, Souad Mohamed, Olivier Vandenberg
chromID™ Salmonella Elite is compared with 3 culture media commonly used for Salmonella isolation from stool specimens. As results were equivalent to other chromogenic media (100% sensitivity, 98% specificity), only financial arguments should guide the choice for a medium with respect to another.
October 2016: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
Sevinç Baba, Mustafa Derya Aydın
Streptococcus agalactiae (Group B streptococcus, GBS), a member of normal flora of human gastrointestinal and genitourinary systems, is a leading cause of sepsis, meningitis, and pneumonia particularly in newborn. GBS can also cause severe infections in pregnant women and adults with underlying disease, as well as mild diseases, such as urinary tract infections (UTIs). GBS strains exhibit 10 different serotypes, and the identification of serotype distribution is important epidemiologically. The role of biofilm production is one of the virulence factors that has been discussed in the pathogenesis of GBS infections...
July 2016: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
Jonathan A Otter, Eleonora Dyakova, Karen N Bisnauthsing, Antonio Querol-Rubiera, Amita Patel, Chioma Ahanonu, Olga Tosas Auguet, Jonathan D Edgeworth, Simon D Goldenberg
BACKGROUND: Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) are an emerging threat for healthcare providers worldwide. OBJECTIVES: To determine CPE carriage rates and risk factors in an unselected hospital cohort at the time of admission. METHODS: We approached 4567 patients within 72 h of admission to provide a rectal swab and answer a questionnaire on risk factors for carriage. Rectal swabs were cultured for carbapenem-resistant organisms on chromogenic and non-chromogenic agar, and tested for carbapenemase production by PCR (Check-Direct CPE)...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Katharine Roque, Gyeong-Dong Lim, Ji-Hoon Jo, Kyung-Min Shin, Eun-Seob Song, Ravi Gautam, Chang-Yeol Kim, Kyungsuk Lee, Seungwon Shin, Han-Sang Yoo, Yong Heo, Hyoung-Ah Kim
Microorganisms found in bioaerosols from animal confinement buildings not only foster risk of spreading diseases among livestock buildings but also pose health hazards to farm workers and nearby residents. This study identified the various microorganisms present in the air of swine, chicken, and cattle farms with different kinds of ventilation conditions in Korea: 7 pig farms, 12 chicken farms and 5 cattle sheds. Microbial air samples were collected by use of Cascade Impactor onto petri dishes with bacterial or fungal growth media...
July 25, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Science
Matthew L Faron, Blake W Buchan, Christopher Coon, Theo Liebregts, Anita van Bree, Arjan R Jansz, Genevieve Soucy, John Korver, Nathan A Ledeboer
Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) are an important cause of health care-acquired infections (HAIs). Studies have shown that active surveillance of high-risk patients for VRE colonization can aid in reducing HAIs; however, these screens generate a significant cost to the laboratory and health care system. Digital imaging capable of differentiating negative and "nonnegative" chromogenic agar can reduce the labor cost of these screens and potentially improve patient care. In this study, we evaluated the performance of the WASPLab Chromogenic Detection Module (CDM) (Copan, Brescia, Italy) software to analyze VRE chromogenic agar and compared the results to technologist plate reading...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Hajar Jaberie, Fakhraddin Naghibalhossaini
OBJECTIVES: Alpha-1 antitrypsin (A1AT) deficiency is associated with emphysema and liver disease. Only plasma-derived A1AT protein is available for augmentation therapy. Recombinant A1AT (recA1AT) protein expressed in various types of available hosts are either non-glycosylated or aberrantly glycosylated resulting into reduced stability and biological activity. To overcome these limitations, we have used the human liver HepG2 cell line to produce recA1AT protein. RESULTS: HepG2 cells were transfected by A1AT cDNA and cell populations were generated that stably overexpressed A1AT protein...
October 2016: Biotechnology Letters
Theodore Gouliouris, Beth Blane, Hayley J Brodrick, Kathy E Raven, Kirsty E Ambridge, Angela D Kidney, Nazreen F Hadjirin, M Estée Török, Direk Limmathurotsakul, Sharon J Peacock
We compared ChromID VRE and Brilliance VRE media for the detection of vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE). Using a panel of 28 enterococcal isolates, 10 vanA Enterococcus faecium and three vanA Enterococcus faecalis isolates grew as per manufacturers' instructions whilst growth of two vanC and eight vancomycin-susceptible enterococci was inhibited on both media. Important differences were noted in the selectivity and chromogenic properties of the two media for vanA Enterococcus raffinosus and vanB E. faecium...
August 2016: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
Somayeh Sharifynia, Hamid Badali, Mina Sharifi Sorkherizi, Mohammad Reza Shidfar, Atefe Hadian, Shadi Shahrokhi, Ghazale Ghandchi, Sassan Rezaie
Candidiasis, the main opportunistic fungal infection has been increased over the past decades. This study aimed to characterize C.albicans species complex (C.albicans, C.dubliniensis, and C.africana) isolated from patients with respiratory infections by molecular tools and in vitro antifungal susceptibilities by using broth microdilution method according to CLSI M27-A3 guidelines. Totally, 121 respiratory samples were collected from patients with respiratory infections. Of these, 83 strains were germ tube positive and green colonies on chromogenic media, so initially identified as C...
June 2016: Acta Medica Iranica
Richard Bovill, Philip G Evans, Gemma L Howse, Helen M I Osborn
To develop targeted methods for treating bacterial infections, the feasibility of using glycoside derivatives of the antibacterial compound l-R-aminoethylphosphonic acid (l-AEP) has been investigated. These derivatives are hypothesized to be taken up by bacterial cells via carbohydrate uptake mechanisms, and then hydrolyzed in situ by bacterial borne glycosidase enzymes, to selectively afford l-AEP. Therefore the synthesis and analysis of ten glycoside derivatives of l-AEP, for selective targeting of specific bacteria, is reported...
August 1, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Erika Korzune Ganda, Rafael Sisconeto Bisinotto, Dean Harrison Decter, Rodrigo Carvalho Bicalho
The present study aimed evaluate an on-farm culture system for identification of milk pathogens associated with clinical mastitis in dairy cows using two different gold standard approaches: standard laboratory culture in study 1 and 16S rRNA sequencing in study 2. In study 1, milk from mastitic quarters (i.e. presence of flakes, clots, or serous milk; n = 538) was cultured on-farm using a single plate containing three selective chromogenic media (Accumast-FERA Animal Health LCC, Ithaca, NY) and in a reference laboratory using standard culture methods, which was considered the gold standard...
2016: PloS One
Feng-Juan Wang, Dai Zhang, Zhao-Hui Liu, Wen-Xiang Wu, Hui-Hui Bai, Han-Yu Dong
BACKGROUND: Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) was a common infection associated with lifelong harassment of woman's social and sexual life. The purpose of this study was to describe the species distribution and in vitroCandidaCandida spp.) isolated from patients with VVC over 8 years. METHODS: Species which isolated from patients with VVC in Peking University First Hospital were identified using chromogenic culture media. Susceptibility to common antifungal agents was determined using agar diffusion method based on CLSI M44-A2 document...
May 20, 2016: Chinese Medical Journal
Nathan Zelyas, Alan Poon, Laura Patterson-Fortin, Roger P Johnson, Winki Lee, Linda Chui
Detection of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) has evolved significantly since the introduction of sorbitol-MacConkey agar. This study compares four chromogenic media (CHROMagar™ STEC, Rainbow® O157 agar, CHROMagar™ O157, and Colorex® O157) in their identification of non-O157 STEC. When 161 non-O157 STEC were directly inoculated onto each medium, detection rates on CHROMagar™ STEC, Rainbow® O157 agar, CHROMagar™ O157 and Colorex® O157 were 90%, 70%, 3.7% and 6.8%, respectively. Tellurite minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) correlated with growth on CHROMagar™ STEC as 20 of 22 isolates with poor or no growth had MICs ≤1μg/mL...
July 2016: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
Yukiko Hara-Kudo, Noriko Konishi, Kayoko Ohtsuka, Kaori Iwabuchi, Rie Kikuchi, Junko Isobe, Takumiko Yamazaki, Fumie Suzuki, Yuhki Nagai, Hiroko Yamada, Atsuko Tanouchi, Tetsuya Mori, Hiroshi Nakagawa, Yasufumi Ueda, Jun Terajima
To establish an efficient detection method for Shiga toxin (Stx)-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O26, O103, O111, O121, O145, and O157 in food, an interlaboratory study using all the serogroups of detection targets was firstly conducted. We employed a series of tests including enrichment, real-time PCR assays, and concentration by immunomagnetic separation, followed by plating onto selective agar media (IMS-plating methods). This study was particularly focused on the efficiencies of real-time PCR assays in detecting stx and O-antigen genes of the six serogroups and of IMS-plating methods onto selective agar media including chromogenic agar...
August 2, 2016: International Journal of Food Microbiology
Marcos H de Moraes, Travis K Chapin, Amber Ginn, Anita C Wright, Kenneth Parker, Carol Hoffman, David W Pascual, Michelle D Danyluk, Max Teplitski
UNLABELLED: Recurrent outbreaks of bacterial gastroenteritis linked to the consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables highlight the paucity of understanding of the ecology of Salmonella enterica under crop production and postharvest conditions. These gaps in knowledge are due, at least in part, to the lack of suitable surrogate organisms for studies for which biosafety level 2 is problematic. Therefore, we constructed and validated an avirulent strain of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium...
July 15, 2016: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
(no author information available yet)
Nissui Compact Dry YM was originally certified by the AOAC Research Institute Performance Tested Methods (SM) (PTM) program (PTM No. 100401) for enumeration of yeasts and molds in fruit products after 7 days of incubation. A matrix extension study, organized by Campden BRI (Chipping Campden, United Kingdom), was conducted to extend the method's claim to cooked deli turkey, fresh whole tomatoes, cheese (Wensleydale), sliced white bread, and mayonnaise. In addition, the method was evaluated at 3 and 7 days to validate the 3 day incubation period...
April 5, 2016: Journal of AOAC International
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