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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535404/placental-inflammation-and-its-relationship-to-cervicovaginal-fetal-fibronectin-in-preterm-birth
#1
Laura van der Krogt, Alexandra E Ridout, Paul T Seed, Andrew H Shennan
OBJECTIVE: Late miscarriage and preterm birth are frequently thought to be associated with inflammation and infection, although in most cases the underlying cause of early delivery remains unknown. The placenta is the organ that links mother and fetus during pregnancy, and postnatal examination may provide useful information about pathophysiology. The relationship between placental pathological lesions and predictive markers of early delivery has not been explored. We sought to characterize preterm deliveries according to placental pathology and relate these to the performance of reliable predictive markers, fetal fibronectin and cervical length...
May 3, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535271/measuring-trachomatous-inflammation-intense-ti-when-prevalence-is-low-provides-data-on-infection-with-chlamydia-trachomatis
#2
Andrea I Zambrano, Beatriz E Muñoz, Harran Mkocha, Laura Dize, Charlotte A Gaydos, Thomas Quinn, Sheila K West
Purpose: Clinical trachoma is the current measure of effectiveness of antibiotic and environmental improvements in trachoma endemic communities. Impact assessments measure only trachomatous inflammation-follicular (TF). Trachomatous inflammation-intense (TI) is not used for decisions on stopping mass drug administration (MDA) or achieving intervention goals. We tested the supposition that TI was not associated with Chlamydia trachomatis when disease prevalence is low. Methods: In 35 communities undergoing MDA as part of a larger project, 110 children ages 1 to 9 years were randomly selected in each community for surveys at baseline, 6, and 12 months...
February 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535133/impression-smear-agreement-with-acetate-tape-preparation-for-cytologic-sampling
#3
Elizabeth A Layne, Sonja Zabel
Cutaneous cytologic sampling techniques are used to detect bacteria, yeast, and inflammatory cells for diagnosis and therapeutic monitoring. Studies have examined slide evaluation techniques, ear swab cytology staining methods, and observer variations; few studies compare common clinical sampling techniques. The primary aim of this study was to measure detection of microorganisms and neutrophils by impression smear compared to acetate tape preparation; comparison of agreement between two acetate tape staining methods was a secondary aim...
May 23, 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534336/-establishment-of-pelvic-nerve-denervation-modal-in-mice
#4
Huiwen Shi, Yue Tian, Feixiang Dai, Lei Xiao, Zhigang Ke, Weidong Tong
OBJECTIVE: To establishment and verify pelvic nerve denervation (PND) model in mice. METHODS: (1) Establishment of models. Seventy-two healthy male SPE class C57 mice with age of 7 weeks and body weight of (25±1) g were chosen. These 72 mice were randomly divided into PND group containing 36 mice and sham operation group containing 36 mice. Referring to the establishment method of PND rats, after anesthesia, a laparotomy was performed on the mouse with an abdominal median incision...
May 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534319/case-report-human-papilloma-virus-type-120-related-papillomatosis-mimicking-laryngeal-carcinoma
#5
Valeria Belvisi, Salvatore Martellucci, Anna Rosa Garbuglia, Cosmo Del Borgo, Stanislao Martellucci, Andrea Baiocchini, Anna Maria Manicone, Oreste Bagni, Claudio Maria Mastroianni, Andrea Gallo
INTRODUCTION: The relationship between human papilloma virus (HPV) and upper respiratory tract pathology was better understood in recent years and represents now an issue of particular interest in carcinogenesis and in immunocompromised host. We describe a case in which a rare genotype HPV-related papillomatosis mimics laryngeal carcinoma in an immunocompromised host. METHODS: A 54-year-old woman with a history of HIV-HCV coinfection and anal and laryngeal cancer successfully treated some years before was hospitalized for severe dyspnea, cough and dysphagia...
May 22, 2017: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532798/effects-of-intravaginal-lactic-acid-bacteria-on-bovine-endometrium-implications-in-uterine-health
#6
Sandra Genís, Àlex Bach, Anna Arís
Infection and inflammation of the endometrium after calving compromise uterine health, contributing to decreased reproductive efficiency in dairy cows. Twenty multiparous cows were distributed in two groups and treated intra-vaginally with a combination of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) composed by Lactobacillus rhamnosus, Pedioccocus acidilactici, and Lactobacillus reuteri, or with a sterile carrier (CON) twice per week during 3 wk. At the slaughterhouse, vaginal and endometrial swabs were taken for E. coli and Lactobacillus quantification...
May 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531212/epidemiological-investigation-of-the-relationship-between-common-lower-genital-tract-infections-and-high-risk-human-papillomavirus-infections-among-women-in-beijing-china
#7
Dai Zhang, Ting Li, Lei Chen, Xiaosong Zhang, Gengli Zhao, Zhaohui Liu
BACKGROUND: The incidence of lower genital tract infections in China has been increasing in recent years. The link between high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) remains unclear. METHODS: From March to October 2014, gynecological examinations and questionnaires were conducted on 1218 married women. Cervical secretions and vaginal swab specimens were tested for Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG), Ureaplasma urealyticum (UU), yeast, clue cells and HR-HPV...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531165/a-japanese-encephalitis-virus-vaccine-inducing-antibodies-strongly-enhancing-in-vitro-infection-is-protective-in-pigs
#8
Obdulio García-Nicolás, Meret E Ricklin, Matthias Liniger, Nathalie J Vielle, Sylvie Python, Philippe Souque, Pierre Charneau, Artur Summerfield
The Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is responsible for zoonotic severe viral encephalitis transmitted by Culex mosquitoes. Although birds are reservoirs, pigs play a role as amplifying hosts, and are affected in particular through reproductive failure. Here, we show that a lentiviral JEV vector, expressing JEV prM and E proteins (TRIP/JEV.prME), but not JEV infection induces strong antibody-dependent enhancement (ADE) activities for infection of macrophages. Such antibodies strongly promoted infection via Fc receptors...
May 22, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528588/anorectal-swabs-as-a-marker-of-male-to-male-sexual-exposure-in-sti-surveillance-systems
#9
F H Ampt, C El Hayek, P A Agius, A L Bowring, N Bartnik, C VAN Gemert, C K Fairley, E P F Chow, C S Bradshaw, N Stephens, M S C Lim, M E Hellard
Identification of priority populations such as men who have sex with men (MSM) is important in surveillance systems to monitor trends of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). We explored using routinely collected non-behavioural data as a means to establish MSM status in surveillance by assessing anorectal swab as a marker of male-to-male sexual exposure. We used chlamydia testing data from a sexual health clinic, 2007-2012. Men reporting any male sexual partner(s) in the previous 12 months were considered MSM...
May 22, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526307/risk-factors-of-cardiac-device-infection-glove-contamination-during-device-procedures
#10
Isabella Kozon, Sam Riahi, Søren Lundbye-Christensen, Anna Margrethe Thøgersen, Tove Ejlertsen, Dorthe Aaen, Kirsten I Paulsen, Søren Hjortshøj
BACKGROUND: Infections in cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) constitute a serious complication. We sought to identify contamination of gloves before handling the device in primary and replacement CIED procedures. METHODS: Two groups of 30 patients underwent primary CIED implantation or replacement. Before the device entered the surgical field, surgeon and assistant imprinted their outer gloves on aerobe and anaerobe agar plates, and a wound swab was performed...
May 16, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525340/detection-of-bordetella-avium-by-taqman-real-time-pcr-in-tracheal-swabs-from-wildlife-birds
#11
T Stenzel, D Pestka, B Tykałowski, M Śmiałek, A Koncicki, A Bancerz-Kisiel
Bordetella avium, the causing agent of bordetellosis, a highly contagious infection of the respiratory tract in young poultry, causes significant losses in poultry farming throughout the world. Wildlife birds can be a reservoir of various pathogens that infect farm animals. For this reason the studies were conducted to estimate the prevalence of Bordetella avium in wildlife birds in Poland. Tracheal swab samples were collected from 650 birds representing 27 species. The bacterial DNA was isolated directly from the swabs and screened for Bordetella avium by TaqMan real-time PCR...
March 28, 2017: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524253/improving-patient-safety-the-impact-of-an-outpatients-electronic-handover-system-in-a-tertiary-dermatology-department
#12
Flora Poon, Raymond Martyres, Anthony Denahy, George Varigos
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Electronic medical records (EMR) can improve quality healthcare, patient safety and streamline workflow to improve efficiency of a department. Despite the known benefits and difficulties of EMR systems, there is limited data on the impact and definable effectiveness it can have within a dermatology unit. We present an outpatients' EMR known as an electronic handover system (EHS) from its inception, delivery and audit of its use in evaluating the true impact. METHODS: An audit of the EHS was conducted from 1 March to 31 August 2014...
May 19, 2017: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522706/genome-sequence-of-a-novel-canine-picornavirus-isolated-from-an-american-foxhound
#13
Erica E Norby, Richard G Jarman, Paul B Keiser, Leonard N Binn, Jun Hang
A candidate new canine picornavirus was isolated from a respiratory swab collected from an American foxhound (Canis lupus familiaris) in 1968. The assembled genome sequence of strain A128thr is 7,618 bases in length, comprising a complete protein-coding sequence of the 2,213-amino-acid polyprotein and partial terminal untranslated sequences.
May 18, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522701/genome-sequence-of-human-papillomavirus-23-strain-hpv-23-lancaster-2015
#14
Kate V Atkinson, Lisa A Bishop, Glenn Rhodes, Nicolas Salez, Neil R McEwan, Matthew J Hegarty, Julie Robey, Nicola Harding, Simon Wetherell, Robert M Lauder, Roger W Pickup, Mark Wilkinson, Derek Gatherer
The genome of human papillomavirus type 23 (HPV-23; family Papillomaviridae, genus Betapapillomavirus, species Betapapillomavirus 2, type 23) was assembled by deep sequencing from nasopharyngeal swabs. The assembled genome is 2.7% divergent over its full length from the single complete genome of HPV-23 in GenBank (accession no. U31781). We named the strain HPV-23/Lancaster/2015.
May 18, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522338/year-round-influenza-immunisation-during-pregnancy-in-nepal-a-phase-4-randomised-placebo-controlled-trial
#15
Mark C Steinhoff, Joanne Katz, Janet A Englund, Subarna K Khatry, Laxman Shrestha, Jane Kuypers, Laveta Stewart, Luke C Mullany, Helen Y Chu, Steven C LeClerq, Naoko Kozuki, Monica McNeal, Adriana M Reedy, James M Tielsch
BACKGROUND: Influenza immunisation during pregnancy is recommended but not widely implemented in some low-income regions. We assessed the safety and efficacy in mothers and infants of year-round maternal influenza immunisation in Nepal, where influenza viruses circulate throughout the year. METHODS: In this phase 4, randomised, placebo-controlled trial, we enrolled two consecutive sequential annual cohorts of pregnant women from the Sarlahi district in southern Nepal...
May 15, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521744/determination-of-the-sources-and-antimicrobial-resistance-patterns-of-salmonella-isolated-from-the-poultry-industry-in-southern-ethiopia
#16
Reta Duguma Abdi, Fisseha Mengstie, Ashenafi Feyisa Beyi, Takele Beyene, Hika Waktole, Bedasso Mammo, Dinka Ayana, Fufa Abunna
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia set an ambitious masterplan to increase chicken meat and egg production from 2015 to 2020. Poultry breeding, multiplication and distribution centers in the country have received executive order to import, amplify and distribute commercial chickens to end users. The biosecurity and the pathogen fauna of the centers have not been evaluated as to whether the centers could implement the mission effectively without any risk. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the biosecurity practices and the pathogen prevalence, risk factors and their antimicrobial resistance (AMR) using Salmonella as case study...
May 18, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521481/increased-methylation-of-human-papillomavirus-type-16-dna-is-associated-with-the-severity-of-cervical-lesions-in-infected-females-from-northeast-china
#17
Wei Wang, Zhengrong Sun, Jianhua Liu, Guili Wang, Zhitao Lu, Weiqiang Zhou, Te Qi, Qiang Ruan
Hypermethylation of the cytosine-phosphate-guanine (CpG) sites located at the 3'-major capsid protein L1 (3'L1) and the long control region (LCR) of the human papillomavirus (HPV) genome may be associated with the progression of cervical cancer (CC). However, the methylation status of the LCR of HPV type 16 DNA remains to be elucidated in an infected Chinese population. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between methylation of the HPV 16 L1 gene and LCR, and the severity of cervical lesions in infected female patients...
May 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521328/assessment-of-100-rapid-review-as-an-effective-tool-for-internal-quality-control-in-cytopathological-services
#18
José Queiroz Filho, Janaina Cristiana de Oliveira Crispim Freitas, Daliana Caldas Pessoa, José Eleutério Júnior, Paulo César Giraldo, Ana Katherine Gonçalves
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the 100% rapid review (100%-RR) as an effective tool for internal quality control (IQC) in gynecological cytopathology services. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 8,677 swabs were analyzed; the negative results were submitted to 100%-RR. Divergent cases were discussed in a consensus meeting to reach a conclusion on the final diagnosis. The data were entered into SAS statistical software, and the agreement of the 100%-RR results with the final diagnosis was tested with the weighted kappa statistic...
May 19, 2017: Acta Cytologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518213/relationship-between-toll-like-receptor-2-r753q-and-t16934a-polymorphisms-and-staphylococcus-aureus-nasal-carriage
#19
Maciej Żukowski, Olga Taryma-Leśniak, Mariusz Kaczmarczyk, Katarzyna Kotfis, Łukasz Szydłowski, Andrzej Ciechanowicz, Mirosław Brykczyński, Agnieszka Żukowska
BACKGROUND: The association among specific single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in TLR2 R753Q (rs5743708) and T16934A (rs4696480) and the nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus was studied in adults before CABG. METHODS: The TLR2 polymorphisms were genotyped in 299 consecutive patients prepared for a CABG operation. Genotyping was performed using restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis of PCR-amplified fragments. Two nasal swab cultures were taken within 2 weeks before the operation...
May 18, 2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515905/colonization-of-long-term-care-facility-patients-with-mdr-gram-negatives-during-an-acinetobacter-baumannii-outbreak
#20
Ines Zollner-Schwetz, Elisabeth Zechner, Elisabeth Ullrich, Josefa Luxner, Christian Pux, Gerald Pichler, Walter Schippinger, Robert Krause, Eva Leitner
BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine the prevalence of colonization by multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria including ESBL-producing enterobacteriaceae, carbapenem-resistant enterobacteriaceae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii at two wards caring long term for patients with disorder of consciousness at the Geriatric Health Centers Graz, Austria. During our study we detected two A. baumannii outbreaks. METHODS: In August 2015, we conducted a point-prevalence study...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
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