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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090515/a-systematic-review-of-combinatorial-treatment-with-warming-and-invigorating-drugs-and-levothyroxine-for-hypothyroidism-caused-by-hashimoto-disease
#1
Xiangwen Cheng, Zixiao Wei, Guangde Zhang, Xin Shao, Bo Li, Rui Gao
BACKGROUND: We used the systematic review method to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of combinatorial treatment with warming and invigorating drugs and levothyroxine on hypothyroidism caused by Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT). METHODS: We set inclusion and exclusion criteria, searched for studies using electronic databases and manual retrieval, selected studies according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, and assessed the qualities of the included studies according to the Jadad scale...
December 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057507/association-between-thyroid-hormone-parameters-and-dyslipidemia-among-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-comparative-cross-sectional-study
#2
Amare Desalegn Wolide, Belay Zawdie, Tilahun Alemayehu, Samuel Tadesse
BACKGROUND: The relationship between thyroid function and lipid profile has been documented in T2DM and healthy subjects. The aim of the current study was to assess the association between thyroid hormone parameters and dyslipidemia in T2DM and non-diabetic study participants. METHOD AND MATERIALS: In this comparative cross-sectional study, 214 type 2 diabetic and 214 non-diabetic study participants were enrolled. Clinical and anthropometric data were collected from all study participants...
December 26, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056660/biochemical-markers-reflecting-thyroid-function-in-athyreotic-patients-on-levothyroxine-monotherapy
#3
Mitsuru Ito, Akira Miyauchi, Mako Fujiwara, Waka Yoshioka, Akane Ide, Takumi Kudo, Eijun Nishihara, Minoru Kihara, Yasuhiro Ito, Kaoru Kobayashi, Akihiro Miya, Shuji Fukata, Mitsushige Nishikawa, Hirotoshi Nakamura, Nobuyuki Amino
BACKGROUND: Some investigators reported that among athyreotic patients on levothyroxine (LT4) monotherapy following total thyroidectomy, the patients with normal serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels had mildly low serum free triiodothyronine (FT3) levels, whereas the patients with mildly suppressed serum TSH levels had normal serum FT3 levels and the patients with strongly suppressed serum TSH had elevated serum FT3 levels. The objective of the present study was to clarify which of these three patient groups is closer to their preoperative euthyroid condition...
January 5, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046653/tu-ab-bra-05-optimization-of-a-novel-large-field-of-view-distortion-phantom-for-mr-only-treatment-planning
#4
R G Price, R A Knight, K Hwang, E Bayram, C Glide-Hurst
PURPOSE: MR-only treatment planning requires images of high geometric fidelity, particularly for large fields of view (FOV). However, the availability of large FOV distortion phantoms with accompanying analysis software is currently limited to in-house solutions. This work sought to optimize the design of a modular distortion phantom that can accommodate several bore configurations and implement distortion corrections. METHODS: 1.0T MR and CT images were acquired of twelve urethane foam samples of various densities and strengths...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042737/thyroid-hormone-level-is-associated-with-the-frequency-and-severity-of-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome
#5
Yuanyuan Huang, Zhaojian Ying, Zhibo Chen, Weiwei Xiang, Zhongqian Su, Weiwei Quan, Yiyun Weng, Xu Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is a neurodegenerative and inflammatory demyelination disorder, and oxidative stress is concerned with the pathogenesis of the disease. Also we found that thyroid hormone level is correlated to the oxidative and antioxidant status in previous studies. Our study was aimed to find the possible relationship between the frequency and severity of GBS and thyroid hormone levels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We measured serum levels of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), free thyroxine (FT4) and free triiodothyronine (FT3) in 238 individuals, including 90 GBS, 44 multiple sclerosis (MS) and 104 healthy controls...
January 2, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034690/impact-of-diabetic-ketoacidosis-on-thyroid-function-tests-in-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-patients
#6
Homeira Rashidi, Seyed Bahman Ghaderian, Seyed Mahmoud Latifi, Forogh Hoseini
The aim of current study was to evaluate the function of thyroid during diabetic acidosis, just after the treatment and two weeks after the treatment. This was the analytic study. The study subjects included 20 patients, aged 18-36 years old, with type1 diabetes and diabetic ketoacidosis. All subjects were evaluated for thyroid function tests such as triiodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4), T3 resin uptake (T3RU), free T3 (FT3), free T4 (FT4) and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), before treatment. After completing DKA treatment and two weeks after discharge, the thyroid function tests were repeated on the subjects and the results were analyzed using paired T-test, ANOVA or repeated measure and Pearson correlation tests...
December 14, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004791/free-triiodothyronine-level-correlates-with-myocardial-injury-and-prognosis-in-idiopathic-dilated-cardiomyopathy-evidence-from-cardiac-mri-and-spect-pet-imaging
#7
Wenyao Wang, Haixia Guan, Wei Fang, Kuo Zhang, A Martin Gerdes, Giorgio Iervasi, Yi-Da Tang
Thyroid dysfunction is associated with poor prognosis in heart failure, but theories of mechanisms are mainly based on animal experiments, not on human level. We aimed to explore the relation between thyroid function and myocardial injuries in idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM) using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and positron emission tomography (PET). Myocardial fibrosis was detected by late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) MRI, and myocardial perfusion/metabolism was evaluated by (99m)Tc-MIBI SPECT /(18)F-FDG PET imaging...
December 22, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003587/free-t3-to-free-t4-ratio-less-than-2-0-suggests-low-t3-syndrome-rather-than-central-hypothyroidism-from-the-age-of-two-to-eighteen-years
#8
Risa Nomura, Kentaro Miyai, Rie Kuge, Takashi Okura, Masahiro Goto, Yukihiro Hasegawa
No serological cut-off exists to separate low T3 syndrome (LT) and central hypothyroidism (CH). The objective of this retrospective study was to propose such a cut-off. The first participant group comprised 52 patients from the age of six to twenty years. This group consisted of patients of 36 anorexia nervosa with LT and 16 CH. The second participant groups comprised 229 patients of all the same range of ages at the same hospital and included LT (n = 58) and CH (n = 4) patients, respectively. The third group of participants comprised 125 LT and 27 CH patients at the same hospital at all ages less than eighteen years...
December 22, 2016: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986127/irisin-and-myostatin-levels-in-patients-with-graves-disease
#9
Mehmet Muhittin Yalcin, Mujde Akturk, Yusuf Tohma, Ethem Turgay Cerit, Alev Eroglu Altinova, Emre Arslan, Ilhan Yetkin, Fusun Balos Toruner
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Skeletal muscle system, which is one of the primary targets for thyroid hormones, has an important role in energy metabolism. Some myokines such as irisin and myostatin have considerable effects on energy metabolism in addition to the musculoskeletal system. Our aim was to investigate circulating irisin and myostatin levels in patients with Graves' Disease (GD). METHODS: This study included 41 patients with GD who were in overt hyperthyroid status and 44 healthy subjects...
August 2016: Archives of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966300/relationship-between-gestational-transient-thyrotoxicosis-and-vitamin-d
#10
Ferit Kerim Küçükler, Yasin Şimşek, Ümit Görkem, Berçem Ayçiçek Doğan, Serdar Güler
BACKGROUND/AIM: Gestational transient thyrotoxicosis (GTT) is a transient, mild hyperthyroidism that occurs early in pregnancy and is due to human chorionic gonadotropin. There is no clear information about why only some pregnant women develop GTT. Previous papers stated that vitamin D plays a role in thyroid functions. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between vitamin D and GTT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-three patients diagnosed with GTT at the 6th to 10th weeks of gestation were included in the study (GTT group)...
November 17, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938544/-the-alterations-and-clinical-significance-of-serum-thyroid-hormone-levels-in-patients-with-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#11
Y Cheng, L Dai, G G Xia
Objective: To observe the alterations of serum thyroid hormone levels in acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) patients without thyroid disease and therefore to investigate the association between serum thyroid hormone levels and the severity and prognosis of AECOPD. Methods: Serum thyroid hormone levels including TT4, TT3, TSH, FT4 and FT3 were measured by chemiluminescence immunoassay in 84 hospitalized patients with AECOPD [male 52, female 32, aged 50-93 years, average (78±10) years] and in 35 healthy subjects [male 20, female 15, aged 51-87 years, average (73±11) years] from 2013 to 2014...
December 12, 2016: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916508/development-of-gestation-specific-reference-intervals-for-thyroid-hormones-in-normal-pregnant-northeast-chinese-women-what-is-the-rational-division-of-gestation-stages-for-establishing-reference-intervals-for-pregnancy-women
#12
Jianhua Liu, Xiaojun Yu, Meng Xia, Hong Cai, Guixue Cheng, Lina Wu, Qiang Li, Ying Zhang, Mengyuan Sheng, Yong Liu, Xiaosong Qin
BACKGROUND: A laboratory- and region-specific trimester-related reference interval for thyroid hormone assessment of pregnant women was recommended. Whether the division by trimester is suitable requires verification. Here, we tried to establish appropriate reference intervals of thyroid-related hormones and antibodies for normal pregnant women in Northeast China. METHODS: A total of 947 pregnant women who underwent routine prenatal care were grouped via two methods...
December 2, 2016: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914474/thyroid-hormones-associate-with-risk-of-incident-chronic-kidney-disease-and-rapid-decline-in-renal-function-a-prospective-investigation
#13
Xiaolin Huang, Lin Ding, Kui Peng, Lin Lin, Tiange Wang, Zhiyun Zhao, Yu Xu, Jieli Lu, Yuhong Chen, Weiqing Wang, Yufang Bi, Guang Ning, Min Xu
BACKGROUND: Thyroid hormones have been associated with renal dysfunction in cross-sectional studies. However, prospective studies exploring the effect of thyroid hormones on renal function decline were sparse and got contradictive results. We aimed to prospectively explore the associations of thyroid hormones with incident chronic kidney disease (CKD) and rapid decline in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in Chinese adults. METHODS: The participants were from a community-based cohort including 2103 individuals aged 40 years or above without CKD at baseline...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910708/myo-inositol-and-melatonin-in-the-menopausal-transition
#14
Rosario D'Anna, Angelo Santamaria, Grazia Giorgianni, Alberto Vaiarelli, Giuseppe Gullo, Flavia Di Bari, Salvatore Benvenga
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects on serum insulin and serum thyroid profile of a dietary supplement, myo-inositol, given alone or in combination with melatonin to women during menopausal transition. METHODS: Forty women aged 45-55 years and at least 6 months of amenorrhea were enrolled in this study. They were randomly assigned to two groups of 20 each. One group took myo-inositol (myo-Ins) (2 g twice a day) and the other group took 2 g/d myo-Ins plus 3 g/d melatonin before sleeping...
December 2, 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906594/the-relationship-between-thyroid-function-and-the-prevalence-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-euthyroid-subjects
#15
Yeqing Gu, Huihui Li, Xue Bao, Qing Zhang, Li Liu, Ge Meng, Hongmei Wu, Huanmin Du, Hongbin Shi, Yang Xia, Qian Su, Liyun Fang, Fei Yu, Huijun Yang, Bin Yu, Shaomei Sun, Xing Wang, Ming Zhou, Qiyu Jia, Qi Guo, Hong Chang, Guolin Wang, Guowei Huang, Kun Song, Kaijun Niu
PURPOSE: The thyroid hormones (TH) are primarily responsible for the regulation of energy balance and metabolism, suggesting that TH levels may contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, few studies have investigated the relationship between TH and T2DM in a general population. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether serum TH levels within the reference range are related to T2DM. METHODS: A cross-sectional study (n=15,296) was performed in Tianjin, China...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904425/association-of-thyroid-profile-and-prolactin-level-in-patient-with-secondary-amenorrhea
#16
Sujata Shrestha, Sunita Neupane, Narayan Gautam, Raju Kumar Dubey, Amit Chandra Jha, Nilesh Raj Doshi, Archana Jayan
BACKGROUND: Amenorrhea is the absence of menstrual periods. It has multiple social consequences as it may leads to infertility. This case control study was conducted for determining the association of thyroid hormones with hyperprolactinemia in patient with amenorrhea. METHODS: We investigated 50 women with diagnosed cases of secondary amenorrhoea, who attended UCMS hospital, for hormonal evaluations. Fifty two healthy women were taken as the controls. The thyroid dysfunction and serum prolactin level were reviewed in cases and in the controls...
September 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904073/a-case-of-familial-dysalbuminemic-hyperthyroxinemia-fdh-in-japan-fdh-as-a-possible-differential-diagnosis-of-syndrome-of-inappropriate-secretion-of-thyroid-stimulating-hormone-sitsh
#17
Sakiko Kobayashi, Jaeduk Yoshimura Noh, Taeko Shimizu, Tomoaki Sato, Isao Kurihara, Kiminori Sugino, Hiroshi Itoh, Koichi Ito
Familial dysalbuminemic hyperthyroxinemia (FDH) is an autosomal dominant condition and is the most commonly inherited euthyroid hyperthyroxinemia in Caucasians. However, it is extremely rare in Asian populations. A 30-year-old Japanese woman, who was incidentally found to have apparent thyroid dysfunction, was admitted to our hospital in 2004. She had extremely elevated serum free thyroxine (FT4), moderately elevated free triiodothyronine (FT3), and normal thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). Clinical thyroid examination revealed no abnormalities other than small goiter...
November 30, 2016: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892665/thyroid-function-after-postoperative-radiation-therapy-in-patients-with-breast-cancer
#18
Edyta Wolny-Rokicka, Andrzej Tukiendorf, Jerzy Wydmański, Danuta Roszkowska, Bogusław Staniul, Agnieszka Zembroń-Łacny
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess thyroid function in breast cancer patients exposed to therapeutic external beam radiation. The focus was on possible progressive changes and any relationships between the incidence of primary hypothyroidism, the time required to become hypothyroid, and factors such as chemotherapy, hormonotherapy and immunotherapy. Materials and Methods: Seventy females undergoing 3D conformal and IMRT radiation therapy for breast cancers were enrolled in a non-randomized prospective study...
1, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890823/assessment-of-thyroid-function-in-intensive-care-unit-patients-by-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-methods
#19
Kerry J Welsh, Brian R Stolze, Xiaolin Yu, Trisha R Podsiadlo, Lisa S Kim, Steven J Soldin
OBJECTIVES: Patients with non-thyroidal illness syndrome have many abnormalities in thyroid hormone tests. Such patients have medical comorbidities associated with low serum proteins and are on multiple medications that interfere with thyroid hormone measurement by immunoassay platforms. It is unknown if these thyroid hormone measurements reflect physiologic conditions or if they are artifacts of testing methodology. METHODS: Fifty patients were selected from the intensive care unit (ICU) from our institution...
November 25, 2016: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872610/relational-stability-in-the-expression-of-normality-variation-and-control-of-thyroid-function
#20
REVIEW
Rudolf Hoermann, John E M Midgley, Rolf Larisch, Johannes W Dietrich
Thyroid hormone concentrations only become sufficient to maintain a euthyroid state through appropriate stimulation by pituitary thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). In such a dynamic system under constant high pressure, guarding against overstimulation becomes vital. Therefore, several defensive mechanisms protect against accidental overstimulation, such as plasma protein binding, conversion of T4 into the more active T3, active transmembrane transport, counter-regulatory activities of reverse T3 and thyronamines, and negative hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid feedback control of TSH...
2016: Frontiers in Endocrinology
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