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Carcinoma vagina

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651671/are-endometrial-cancer-radiotherapy-results-age-related
#1
Á Rovirosa, K S Cortés, C Ascaso, A Glickman, S Valdés, A Herreros, C Camacho, J Sánchez, Y Zhang, Y Li, S Sabater, M Arenas, A Torne
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the impact of age on radiotherapy results based on cancer-specific survival (CSS), vaginal-cuff relapses (VCR) and complications analysis in 438 patients with endometrial carcinoma (EC) receiving postoperative radiotherapy (PRT) divided into three age groups for analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2003 to 2015, 438 patients with EC were treated with PRT and divided into three age groups: Group-1: 202 patients < 65 years; Group-2: 210 patients ≥ 65 and < 80 years; Group-3: 26 patients ≥ 80 years...
April 12, 2018: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619055/late-g2-vagina-toxicity-in-post-operative-endometrial-carcinoma-is-associated-with-a-68-gy-dose-equivalent-to-2-gy-per-fraction-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-3gy-at-2-cm-3-of-vagina
#2
María Del Valle Aguilera, Ángeles Rovirosa, Carlos Ascaso, Antonio Herreros, Joan Sánchez, Julia Garcia-Migue, Stephanía Cortes, Eduardo Agusti, Cristina Camacho, Yaowen Zhang, Yan Li, Sebastià Sabater, Aureli Torne, Meritxell Arenas
Purpose: To evaluate if the dose equivalent to 2 Gy per fraction (EQD2)(α/β=3Gy) at 0.1 cm3 , 1 cm3 , and 2 cm3 of vagina in vaginal-cuff-brachytherapy (VBT) (high-dose-rate [HDR]192 Ir-source) ± external-beam-irradiation (EBRT) is associated with toxicity in post-operative endometrial carcinoma (P-EC). Material and methods: From June 2014 till November 2015, 67 consecutive P-EC patients underwent VBT ± EBRT; 44 patients received EBRT (median, 45 Gy; range, 44-50...
February 2018: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535879/novel-treatment-of-small-cell-neuroendocrine-of-the-vagina
#3
Kathryn Kostamo, Mishka Peart, Nathalie McKenzie, Conisha Holloman, S J Carlan, Li Ge, John Maksem
Background: Primary vaginal small-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma is an extremely rare and highly aggressive malignancy. Eighty-five percent of patients die within one year of diagnosis from metastatic disease despite multimodal therapy. Gene expression profiling of tumor tissue may be useful for treatment options for various malignancies. Case: A 34-year-old nulliparous woman was diagnosed with primary vaginal small-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma. Twenty weeks after the initial visit, she was diagnosed with recurrence and started on chemoradiation based on the results of gene expression profile of tumor tissue...
2018: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484001/para-and-intraurethral-penile-tumor-like-condilomatosis
#4
Anastasiya Atanasova Chokoeva, Uwe Wollina, Torello Lotti, Georgi Konstantinov Maximov, Ilia Lozev, Georgi Tchernev
Condyloma acuminata represents an epidermal manifestation, associated with the epidermotropic human papillomavirus (HPV). They have been reported as the most common sexually transmitted disease, with prevalence exceeding 50%, increased up to 4 times, within the last two decades, as the most common side of affection are the penis, vulva, vagina, cervix, perineum, and perianal area, with increased prevalence in young, sexually active individuals. Increased attention should be focused on lesions, caused by types, with moderate (33, 35, 39, 40, 43, 45, 51-56, 58) or high risk potential (types 16, 18) for malignant transformation, leading to further development of cancers of anus, vagina, vulva and penis, as well as cancers of the head and neck...
January 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476028/long-term-incidence-trends-of-hpv-related-cancers-and-cases-preventable-by-hpv-vaccination-a-registry-based-study-in-norway
#5
Bo T Hansen, Suzanne Campbell, Mari Nygård
OBJECTIVES: Examine long-term incidence trends of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related cancer in Norway, and estimate the number of cancer cases preventable by vaccines against HPV 16/18 or HPV 16/18/31/33/45/52/58. DESIGN: Observational registry-based study. We extracted incident cases of HPV-related cancer during 1953-2015 from the Cancer Registry of Norway. Tumour HPV prevalence estimates from large international meta-analyses or from Norway were used to estimate the protective potential of HPV vaccines...
February 23, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458976/small-cell-cancers-of-the-female-genital-tract-molecular-and-clinical-aspects
#6
REVIEW
Jay R Patibandla, Julia E Fehniger, Douglas A Levine, Petar Jelinic
OBJECTIVE: Extra-pulmonary small cell carcinomas of the gynecologic tract (EPSCC-GTs) are a rare group of aggressive malignancies associated with poor prognoses and limited treatment options. Here, we review the clinical and molecular aspects of EPSCC-GTs and discuss how understanding their molecular features can assist in their diagnosis and the identification of novel effective treatments. METHODS: We searched PubMed and Scopus for articles using the following keywords: "small cell carcinoma" in combination with "neuroendocrine", "ovary", "vagina", "fallopian tube", "vulva", "endometrium", "uterus", "cervix", or "gynecologic"...
February 17, 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458181/hospitalization-burden-associated-with-malignant-neoplasia-and-in-situ-carcinoma-in-vulva-and-vagina-during-a-5-year-period-2009-2013-in-spain-an-epidemiological-study
#7
Noelia López, Ángel Gil-de-Miguel, Raquel Pascual-García, Jose Manuel Ramón Y Cajal, Ruth Gil-Prieto
BACKGROUND: Vulvar and vaginal cancers are considered rare cancers in women. Human Papillomavirus is responsible for 30%-76% of them. The aim of this study was to describe the burden of hospital admissions by malignant neoplasia (MN) and in situ carcinoma (ISC) of vulva and vagina from 2009 to 2013, in Spain METHODS: This observational, descriptive study used discharge information obtained from the national surveillance system for hospital data, Conjunto Mínimo Básico de Datos, CMBD, provided by the Ministry of Health...
February 16, 2018: Papillomavirus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453211/fistulation-between-a-colonic-j-pouch-and-the-upper-vagina-in-an-irradiated-pelvis-a-rare-complication-following-low-anterior-resection-with-colonic-j-pouch-anal-anastomosis-for-rectal-cancer
#8
James Tankel, Shlomo Yellineck, Petachia Reissman
Formation of a colonic J-pouch with anastomosis to the rectal stump is an accepted form of reconstruction after low anterior resection (LAR) for rectal carcinoma. It is thought this can help prevent the onset of LAR syndrome as well as improve the quality of life in the first two years following surgery. Rectovaginal fistulation is a recognised complication of this form of surgery usually occurring because of technical failure leading to inclusion of the vaginal wall into the stapled anastomosis. We present an as of yet unreported case of fistulation between the upper horizontal staple line of a colonic J-pouch-the tip of the 'J'-which was formed extracorporeally with the posterior vaginal fornix...
February 16, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390294/primary-vaginal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-with-bladder-involvement-in-uterine-prolapsed-patient-case-report
#9
Tadeusz Fedus, Renata Raś, Mariusz Książek, Justyna Filipowska, Ewa Kaznowska, Andrzej Skręt, Joanna Skręt-Magierło, Edyta Barnaś
RATIONALE: Primary vaginal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is a rare disease. Primary SCC in prolapsed vagina is extremely rare. In the presented case additional bladder involvement was found. PATIENTS CONCERNS: Primary vaginal SCC may be misinterpreted as decubitus in prolapsed vagina and it may delay proper diagnosis and treatment. DIAGNOSES: Diagnosis was confirmed by the vaginal ulceration biopsy and cystoscopic biopsy of the involved bladder...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340028/high-resolution-microbiome-profiling-uncovers-fusobacterium-nucleatum-lactobacillus-gasseri-johnsonii-and-lactobacillus-vaginalis-associated-to-oral-and-oropharyngeal-cancer-in-saliva-from-hpv-positive-and-hpv-negative-patients-treated-with-surgery-and-chemo
#10
Rafael Guerrero-Preston, James Robert White, Filipa Godoy-Vitorino, Arnold Rodríguez-Hilario, Kelvin Navarro, Herminio González, Christina Michailidi, Anne Jedlicka, Sierra Canapp, Jessica Bondy, Amanda Dziedzic, Barbara Mora-Lagos, Gustavo Rivera-Alvarez, Carmen Ili-Gangas, Priscilla Brebi-Mieville, William Westra, Wayne Koch, Hyunseok Kang, Luigi Marchionni, Young Kim, David Sidransky
Microbiome studies show altered microbiota in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), both in terms of taxonomic composition and metabolic capacity. These studies utilized a traditional bioinformatics methodology, which allows for accurate taxonomic assignment down to the genus level, but cannot accurately resolve species level membership. We applied Resphera Insight, a high-resolution methodology for 16S rRNA taxonomic assignment that is able to provide species-level context in its assignments of 16S rRNA next generation sequencing (NGS) data...
December 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303407/vaginoplasty-with-acellular-dermal-matrix-after-radical-resection-for-carcinoma-of-the-uterine-cervix
#11
Zhi Wang, Jiuzuo Huang, Ang Zeng, Ming Wu, Xiaojun Wang
Various methods are available for vaginoplasty, but many of them have the drawbacks including surgical complexity and postoperative pain at the donor site. We herein evaluated the outcomes of vaginoplasty using tissue-engineered biomaterial graft. This study included 16 early stage cervical cancer patients who received curative surgery in combination with radiotherapy. They underwent vaginoplasty with tissue-engineered biological material, acellular dermal matrix (ADM). After treatment, a vaginal dilator was advised to be used for 6 months to prevent contraction of vagina...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290193/spectrum-of-gynecological-malignancies-at-jamshoro
#12
Naheed Parveen, Raheel Sikander, Majida, Shaheen
OBJECTIVE: To describe the frequency and spectrum of different types of gynecological malignancies. STUDY DESIGN: An observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Jamshoro, from January 2014 to December 2015. METHODOLOGY: All patients with gynecological malignancies, admitted at the study place, whether previously diagnosed or need to establish the diagnosis on the basis of EUA, biopsy, staging and for surgery during the study period were included...
January 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182902/a-clinical-case-of-perineal-invasion-from-rectal-carcinoma
#13
A Mitrushi, S Bilali, V Bilali, F Mitrushi, E Mehmeti
We report a case of 62-year old women with skin infiltration in the perineal area after anterior rectal resection due to upper rectal cancer. Computed Tomography (CT) shows an intense infiltrative aspect of the lesion. The patient had a diffuse perineal infiltration predominantly at Levator Ani muscles and adhesions to the posterior parts of urinary bladder, uterus, vagina and perineal skin. The patient underwent surgery with colostomy to relieve the colonic tract due to obstruction and later was treated with chemo-radiation...
July 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109863/pattern-of-gynaecological-malignancies-in-south-western-region-of-pakistan-an-overview-of-12-years
#14
Hina Manzoor, Hamida Naheed, Khushnaseeb Ahmad, Shehla Iftikhar, Muhammad Asif, Jamila Shuja, Neelam Sultan, Irfan Ali, Syed Inayatullah, Yasir Hayat Khan
Gynaecological malignancies contribute significantly to cancer burden and have a higher rate of mortality and morbidity. The aim of this retrospective study was to determine the pattern of gynaecological malignancies identified between January, 2000 and December, 2011, at the Centre for Nuclear Medicine and Radiotherapy (CENAR). At CENAR 5,072 female patients were registered with different malignancies, of which 632 cases were gynaecological malignancies. Ovarian cancer (47%) was the most common gynaecological malignancy, followed by cervical cancer (29%), uterine cancer (14%), vulvar and vaginal cancer (6%), and gestational trophoblastic neoplasm (4%)...
November 2017: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065399/definitive-radiotherapy-for-primary-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-vagina-are-high-dose-external-beam-radiotherapy-and-high-dose-rate-brachytherapy-boost-the-best-treatment-experience-of-two-italian-institutes
#15
Concetta Laliscia, Angiolo Gadducci, Maria G Fabrini, Amelia Barcellini, Maria E Guerrieri, Emanuela Parietti, Stefano Ursino, Riccardo Morganti, Ines Cafaro, Fabiola Paiar
INTRODUCTION: We assessed the clinical outcome and survival of 70 patients with primary vaginal squamous cell carcinoma undergoing radiotherapy (RT) at the Divisions of Radiotherapy, University of Pisa and ASST Cremona between January 1995 and June 2016. METHODS: 58 patients received external beam RT (EBRT) to the entire vagina, para-vaginal area and pelvic nodes (total dose: 45-50.4 Gy). 29 patients (41.4%) received concomitant weekly cisplatin 40 mg/m2. 35 patients received an additional (15-36 Gy) high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy (BT) boost and 13 received an additional (9-25 Gy) EBRT boost to the primary tumor site...
2017: Oncology Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052130/human-papillomavirus-related-cancers
#16
Yanyun Li, Congjian Xu
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is associated with several cancers such as cancer in the cervix, vagina, and vulva and oropharyngeal, anal, penile, and cutaneous carcinomas, which is regarded as a great public health concern. The association between HPV is the strongest with cervical cancer because almost all such malignancies contain viral DNA, notably HPV types 16 and 18. The present chapter summarizes recent progresses of the HPV-associated cancers regarding epidemiology, molecular biology, HPV testing, vaccination, and treatment of HPV-related cancers...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037233/cancer-incidence-in-germany-attributable-to-human-papillomavirus-in-2013
#17
Nina Buttmann-Schweiger, Yvonne Deleré, Stefanie J Klug, Klaus Kraywinkel
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that a total of 120,000 new cancer cases in men and in women in more developed countries could be avoided if exposure to HPV was prevented. We used the nationwide pool of German population-based cancer registry data to estimate the burden of HPV-attributable cancer in this population for the year 2013. METHODS: Incident cases of cervical cancer, squamous cell carcinoma of the anus, oropharynx (OP), as well as of the vulva, vagina and penis were classified as potentially HPV-associated and identified from the nationwide cancer registry data-pool...
October 16, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019326/epidemiology-and-outcomes-with-platinum-based-chemotherapy-in-recurrent-or-metastatic-carcinoma-cervix-in-a-developing-country-experience-from-a-tertiary-oncology-centre-in-southern-india
#18
K C Lakshmaiah, Aditi Harsh Thanky, D Lokanatha, K Govind Babu, Linu Jacob, Suresh Babu, A H Rudresha, K N Lokesh, L K Rajeev, Aparna Sridharmurthy
INTRODUCTION: Carcinoma cervix is the leading cause of cancer in Indian women. Recurrent/metastatic cervix is the most aggressive form of the disease. There is paucity of data in this setting in Indian women regarding outcomes with palliative chemotherapy. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed hospital registry data between January 2013 and December 2014 for recurrent/metastatic carcinoma cervix patients who were planned for palliative chemotherapy and assessed their demographic parameters, response and survival outcomes with chemotherapy...
September 2017: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979650/-urethral-ectropion-may-hide-a-carcinoma
#19
Mohammed Alae Touzani, Othmane Yddoussalah
The incidence of female urethral cancer is rare and accounts for 0.02% of all women's cancers. It is dominated by epidermoid carcinoma, which most commonly develops in the distal portion of the urethra, extending to inguinal lymph nodes. The diagnosis is confirmed in the distal forms on the basis of uretrocystoscopy with biopsy. Abdominopelvic MRI allows to determine tumor extension as well as its infiltration into tissues and peri-urethral organs. As in superficial tumors of the distal urethra, simple circumferential resection of the urethra associated with resection of the adjacent portion of the anterior surface of the vagina is sufficient...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969678/huge-right-ventricular-mass-lesion-associated-with-genital-malignant-tumor-a-case-report
#20
Masaya Higashi, Akihiko Hodatsu, Katsuharu Uchiyama, Hayato Tada, Mika Mori, Miho Ohira, Kenshi Hayashi, Masa-Aki Kawashiri
BACKGROUND: Primary heart tumors are rare, whereas metastatic heart tumors occur more frequently. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 75-year-old Japanese woman who had metastatic heart tumors of the right ventricle. Although she initially received antibiotic therapy following a diagnosis of pneumonia and pleuritis, her symptoms worsened, and she developed dyspnea and bilateral lower limb edema. Echocardiography showed a huge mass lesion occupying the entire right ventricle...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
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