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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525431/knowledge-attitudes-and-beliefs-of-prenursing-and-nursing-students-about-sexual-assault
#1
Judith L Strunk
Sexual assault has been identified as a major public health problem in the United States, yet little research has been done regarding nursing students' knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about sexual assault. Lack of knowledge, or victim-blaming attitudes held by healthcare providers can be problematic for the care of the sexual assault victim, leaving them feeling upset and distressed after the healthcare encounter. Prenursing and nursing students were surveyed about their knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about sexual assault...
April 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493976/-passive-victim-strong-survivor-perceived-meaning-of-labels-applied-to-women-who-were-raped
#2
Michael Papendick, Gerd Bohner
Three experiments (total N = 464) were conducted in parallel with English- and German-speaking participants to examine the perceived meanings and effects of the labels "victim" versus "survivor" (and their German equivalents) when applied to a woman who was raped. In Study 1 (N = 179), participants read a rape vignette and then rated the meaning of the label it contained (either "victim" or "survivor") on a 15-item semantic differential. Independent of language and participant gender, "survivor" was perceived more positively overall (e...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488000/58-cases-of-sexual-violence-bearing-forensic-interest-congruence-between-the-victim-s-report-and-the-data-from-laboratory-analyses
#3
Sarah Gino, Antonella Canavese, Beatrice Pattarino, Carlo Robino, Monica Omedei, Erica Albanese, Paola Castagna
The assistance provided by specialised healthcare personnel to victims of a sexual violence cannot focus just on the clinical intervention appropriate for the lesions suffered by the patient, but must also take legal and forensic needs into account. Anamnestic data represents a crucial step towards the finding of forensic evidence. Our retrospective study aims to analyse the congruence between verbal reports from abused women and the laboratory data to the end of identifying ways for enhancing the gathering of anamnestic data...
May 9, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438100/an-epidemiology-of-sexual-assault-among-elderly-women-in-the-mthatha-area-of-south-africa
#4
Banwari L Meel
Background South Africa has one of the highest rates of rape in the world, but this barely seems to surprise anyone. It is extremely disturbing, especially when children and elderly women are raped. Women and children are usually the weakest group in society physically, as well as the most exposed to abuse and neglect. It should be the responsibility of a civil society to protect these vulnerable groups from harm. Objective This study investigated the trend of rapes among elderly women in the Mthatha area of South Africa...
April 2017: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426319/the-monetary-cost-of-sexual-assault-to-privately-insured-us-women-in-2013
#5
Ashley M Tennessee, Tamala S Bradham, Brandi M White, Kit N Simpson
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether privately insured female rape victims were billed for charges associated with a specific rape in the United States. METHODS: We examined 2013 de-identified patient data from Truven Analytics Health MarketScan database for an assault that occurred by using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, code E960.1. RESULTS: Analysis of insurance providers' payment patterns for 1355 incident events to female victims aged between 16 and 61 years revealed that victims remit, on average, 14% or $948 of the rape cost, whereas insurance providers pay 86% or $5789 of the total cost...
June 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416063/-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-treatment-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#6
Bo Søndergaard Jensen, Mahmoud Ashkanian
Approximately 10% of combat soldiers and 30% of rape victims develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is already known to be safe in depression treatment. Research results of the past 15 years indicate that rTMS induced to the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex may have a potential to treat the symptoms of PTSD. Furthermore, high-frequency rTMS seems to be superior to low-frequency rTMS. The effect of rTMS on PTSD symptoms could be mediated by increasing the level of brain-derived neurotrophic factor...
April 17, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409768/woman-to-woman-rape-and-sexual-assault-and-its-impact-upon-the-occupation-of-work-victim-survivors-life-roles-of-worker-or-student-as-disruptive-and-preservative
#7
Rebecca Twinley
BACKGROUND: Woman-to-woman rape and sexual assault globally remains largely unknown and unaddressed. Expectedly, victim/survivors often cope alone, or with limited support, in the traumatic aftermath of their sexual victimisation. Work is one occupation that is impacted upon at this time. OBJECTIVE: The study explored the perceived impacts of woman-to-woman rape and sexual assault, the subsequent experience of disclosure, reaction, and support, and the consequences for victim/survivors' subjective experience of occupation...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390329/child-sexual-abuse-presenting-to-district-general-hospital-chilaw
#8
M D Chandrasiri, D K Wijewardena, S D Lanerolle, S E Chandrasiri, K P Wijewardena, R T Cooray
Introduction: Incidence of child sexual abuse is increasing worldwide. There is little data on child sexual abuse in the North Western Province of Sri Lanka. Objectives: To describe the demographic and medico-legal findings of victims of sexual abuse aged less than 16 years and to identify factors associated with positive findings on medical-legal examination. Methods: This cross-sectional analytical study, analysed 132 victims, referred by authorities to General Hospital,Chilaw, from 2012 to 2014...
March 31, 2017: Ceylon Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368155/typologies-of-child-sexual-abuse-an-analysis-of-multiple-abuse-acts-among-a-large-sample-of-danish-treatment-seeking-survivors-of-childhood-sexual-abuse
#9
Mark Shevlin, Siobhan Murphy, Ask Elklit, Jamie Murphy, Philip Hyland
OBJECTIVE: The deleterious psychological effects of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) have been extensively documented in the research literature. A limitation of this research, however, has been a reliance on overly restrictive and limiting measurements of CSA. Researchers have most commonly referred to discrete instances of rape and molestation; however, evidence suggests that sexual abuse in childhood can include a wide array of acts and that individual survivors can endure many of these...
April 3, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344944/human-bite-injuries-on-the-jos-plateau
#10
B T Ugwu
BACKGROUND: Human bite injuries with the associated morbidity are not uncommon in this environment. OBJECTIVE: To determine the pattern, management modalities and treatment outcome of human bites in Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria. DESIGN: A prospective study of all human bite injuries managed at the Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria between January 2012 and December 2014. SETTING: Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria...
April 2016: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327416/associations-between-adolescent-experiences-of-violence-in-malawi-and-gender-based-attitudes-internalizing-and-externalizing-behaviors
#11
Vira Ameli, Franziska Meinck, Alistair Munthali, Boniface Ushie, Lisa Langhaug
Little is known about adolescent exposure to and factors associated with violence in Malawi. The aim of this research was to describe the prevalence of exposure to violence among adolescents in Malawi, and test the hypotheses that such exposures are associated with gender-based violent attitudes, and with internalizing and externalizing problems. In 2014, 561 primary school pupils were interviewed (50% girls), and logistic regression analysis was performed on gender-stratified data, adjusting for sociodemographic differences...
March 16, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284121/a-global-epidemiological-perspective-on-the-toxicology-of-drug-facilitated-sexual-assault-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Laura Jane Anderson, Asher Flynn, Jennifer Lucinda Pilgrim
PURPOSE: A systematic review was undertaken to determine the current global prevalence of drug-facilitated sexual assault (DFSA) reported in adults in order to identify trends in the toxicology findings in DFSA around the world over the past 20 years. METHODS: Databases PubMed, PsycINFO and Scopus were systematically searched using the terms: "drug-facilitated sexual assault", "chemical submission", "date rape", "rape drugs" and "drink-spiking" to identify relevant studies for inclusion in the review...
April 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240349/the-griffiths-question-map-a-forensic-tool-for-expert-witnesses-assessments-of-witnesses-and-victims-statements
#13
Olivier Dodier, Vincent Denault
Expert witnesses are sometimes asked to assess the reliability of young witnesses and victims' statements because of their high susceptibility to memory biases. This technical note aims to highlight the relevance of the Griffiths Question Map (GQM) as a professional forensic tool to improve expert witnesses' assessments of young witnesses and victims' testimonies. To do so, this innovative question type assessment grid was used to proceed to an in-depth analysis of the interview of an alleged 13-year-old victim of a sexual assault and two rapes...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153649/lifetime-economic-burden-of-rape-among-u-s-adults
#14
Cora Peterson, Sarah DeGue, Curtis Florence, Colby N Lokey
INTRODUCTION: This study estimated the per-victim U.S. lifetime cost of rape. METHODS: Data from previous studies was combined with current administrative data and 2011 U.S. National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey data in a mathematical model. Rape was defined as any lifetime completed or attempted forced penetration or alcohol- or drug-facilitated penetration, measured among adults not currently institutionalized. Costs included attributable impaired health, lost productivity, and criminal justice costs from the societal perspective...
June 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153645/-epidemiological-clinical-and-forensic-physical-violence-against-women-in-tambacounda-senegal
#15
M M M Leye, P Ndiaye, D Ndiaye, I Seck, A Faye, A Tal Dia
INTRODUCTION: To contribute to the fight against physical violence against women, this work aimed to make a 10-year review of cases treated at the Regional Court of Tambacounda. METHODOLOGY: This observational, retrospective, descriptive and analytical study was conducted from 15 October 2014 to 15 April 2015. It covered all the court records of victims of intentional injury from 2006 to 2015. The data was entered and analyzed using Epi info 3.3.2 software. RESULTS: In all, 113 cases were treated...
January 30, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130899/investigating-the-self-protective-potential-of-immobility-in-victims-of-rape
#16
Brooke A de Heer, Lynn C Jones
Using a nationwide sample of reported rape cases collected by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI; 389 victims; 89% stranger rapes), this study investigates assumptions about self-protective behaviors for rape victims. Past research on victim resistance strategies often specifies active resistance as self-protective, inadvertently underestimating the potential for biologically based reactions, such as tonic immobility, to be self-protective as well. Results confirm that rape victims who were verbally and physically immobile during the attack were less likely to be injured and have force used against them...
January 27, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114775/risk-factors-for-ptsd-and-depression-in-female-survivors-of-rape
#17
Nolwandle Mgoqi-Mbalo, Muyu Zhang, Sam Ntuli
OBJECTIVE: To investigate association of the sociodemographic factors, characteristics of rape and social support to the development of depression and posttraumatic stress disorder at 6 months after the rape. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey with female survivors of rape was carried out in 3 provinces of South Africa 6 months after the rape. RESULTS: One hundred female survivors s of sexual assault were interviewed. More than half (53%) were from Limpopo, 25% from Western Cape, and 22% from KwaZulu-Natal (KZN)...
May 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030996/not-a-big-deal-examining-help-seeking-behaviors-of-sexually-victimized-women-on-the-college-campus
#18
McKenzie Wood, Amy Stichman
The sexual assault and coercion of women on university campuses continues to be an ongoing problem. It is estimated that more than 15% of women attending college experience some type of sexual assault or coercion each year. As universities and other social institutions begin to acknowledge the prevalence of sexual victimization, an increased emphasis has been placed on helping victims of sexual crimes. The current study uses results from 378 surveys completed by females at a midwestern university to examine the help-seeking behaviors of those who have been victimized...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024267/sexual-homicide-brief-review-of-the-literature-and-case-report-involving-rape-genital-mutilation-and-human-arson
#19
REVIEW
Maria-Valeria Karakasi, Epameinondas Vasilikos, Polichronis Voultsos, Aikaterini Vlachaki, Pavlos Pavlidis
The objective of the current paper is to report a new case of sexual murder involving human arson and summarize the literature on the phenomenon of sexual homicide. The present case study is unprecedented in Greece and a rarity in international literature due to the fact that the victim suffered genital mutilation and incineration while still alive. The evaluation consisted of 176 articles; 53 were reviewed by the authors. The results revealed sparse, but significant, research findings. The authors discuss the limitations regarding research, incidence of the phenomenon, crime-scene patterns, offender characteristics (killing methods, motive inferences, sociodemographic data, classifications, psychopathology, modus operandi), and victim selection...
February 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012825/detection-of-the-antipsychotic-drug-quetiapine-in-the-blood-urine-and-hair-samples-of-the-victim-of-a-drug-facilitated-sexual-assault
#20
Sys Stybe Johansen
A drug rape facilitated with the sedative antipsychotic drug quetiapine is presented here. A teenage girl and her girlfriend went to the home of an adult couple they had met at a bar. Here, the teenage girl (victim) felt tired after consuming some alcoholic drinks and fell asleep. While she was asleep, the others left her at the house alone and returned to the bar. Later, the girl woke up to witness the adult male having intercourse with her, but she was not able to resist the attack. She fell asleep again and slept through the next day and a half, after which she left the house...
December 15, 2016: Forensic Science International
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