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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783915/rape-myth-acceptance-in-contemporary-times-a-comparative-study-of-university-students-in-india-and-the-united-kingdom
#1
Ravinder Barn, Ráchael A Powers
Much of the literature on rape, victim blaming, and rape myth acceptance is focused on the United States, and there is a general dearth of such scholarly activity in other countries. This article offers insights on university students' perspectives in two new country contexts-India and the United Kingdom. A total of 693 students contributed to the data collection for this study. Rape myth acceptance was fairly low for both countries, however, students in India were more likely to endorse rape myths. Several demographic characteristics were significant for rape myth acceptance in each country...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783276/somnophilia-and-sexual-abuse-through-the-administration-of-ghb-and-gbl
#2
Mark Pettigrew
Somnophilia, the desire to have sex with an unconscious, sleeping, or comatose person who is unable to respond, is a sexual paraphilia that is seldom reported. The underlying desire is often overshadowed by the act of sexual violation and when using GHB or GBL to induce unconsciousness, as in the case presented here, the victim might not even be able to recall, for certain, that they have been sexually violated. A case study is offered of a somnophile who adulterated drinks to render young men unconscious, so he could rape them in that state, before progressing to administering drugs anally on the pretext of applying lubrication to the anus to facilitate sexual intercourse...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768612/the-incidence-of-sexual-violence-among-children-and-adolescents-in-recife-state-of-pernambuco-brazil-in-2012-and-2013
#3
Cláudia Alves de Sena, Maria Arleide da Silva, Gilliatt Hanois Falbo Neto
The scope of this study was to establish the incidence of sexual violence against children and adolescents in Recife, State of Pernambuco (Brazil) between 2012 and 2013. Data was collected from the records of rape examination reports carried out at the Recife Institute of Forensic Medicine. Of the 867 cases recorded, 328 of the victims were children and adolescents. An incidence of 3.67 cases per 10,000 inhabitants in the 0 to 18 age range was identified. The majority of the victims were female (92.1%) between 10 and 14 years of age (59...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766522/to-honor-and-obey-perceptions-and-disclosure-of-sexual-assault-among-honor-ideology-women
#4
Caitlin L McLean, Marisa K Crowder, Markus Kemmelmeier
The overwhelming majority of rapes goes unreported. To better understand the sociocultural mechanisms behind why underreporting may occur, three studies (total n = 1,481) examine how women's endorsement of honor values influence the perceptions of rape. Using vignettes that varied the closeness of the perpetrator of a sexual assault (i.e., stranger, acquaintance, or husband), we found that women who endorse honor values of womanhood were less likely to label a forced sexual act as "rape" and to suggest that the victim discloses the rape to others, including to the police...
May 15, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723701/ritualistic-child-sexual-abuse-in-post-conflict-eastern-drc-factors-associated-with-the-phenomenon-and-implications-for-social-work
#5
Amani Clovis Kasherwa, Janestic Mwende Twikirize
Ritualistic child sexual abuse (RCSA) is a critical and under-recognised form of child maltreatment prevailing in developing countries. In the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), children from specific communities suffer complex forms of RCSA perpetrated with extreme brutality by various individuals and groups of conspirators. Although the DRC has achieved significant milestones towards combatting war-related sexual abuse of women and children, disturbing forms of RCSA, notably child kidnapping, rape, child defilement for fetish and superstitious beliefs, child sexual exploitation, and cult-based child marriage persist and affect many victims...
April 30, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685056/individual-and-parental-risk-factors-for-sexual-exploitation-among-high-risk-youth-in-uganda
#6
Shannon Self-Brown, Rachel Culbreth, Rebecca Wilson, Lisa Armistead, Rogers Kasirye, Monica H Swahn
This study examined risk factors to determine associations with commercial sexual exploitation of children and youth (CSEC) in a convenience sample of adolescents living in the slums in Kampala, Uganda. Individual-level factors included demographic, adverse experiences (ever living on the streets; victim of dating violence, parental abuse, or rape), and behavioral risk (social media, alcohol use, age at first intercourse). Parental-risk factors included parent alcohol use and approval attitudes toward youth sex...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683078/is-sexual-objectification-and-victimization-of-females-in-video-games-associated-with-victim-blaming-or-victim-empathy
#7
Victoria Beck, Chris Rose
The goal of this study was to investigate whether the sexual objectification and virtual violence against females in video games increases negative attitudes toward females, when addressing a variety of noted methodological issues. Study participants were randomly assigned to a control group, where participants played Madden NFL 12, or an experimental group, where participants played Grand Theft Auto. In the experimental group, participants played the game with a confederate, who exposed participants to sexual objectification and violence against females...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650498/five-years-post-nirbhaya-critical-insights-into-the-status-of-response-to-sexual-assault
#8
Sunita Vs Bandewar, Amita Pitre, Lakshmi Lingam
It is five years since the fatal gang rape of Jyothi Singh (Nirbhaya), a physiotherapy student, on December 16, 2012, in New Delhi, the capital of India. The legal and policy reforms triggered by the Nirbhaya case will remain a watershed moment in the history of efforts towards seeking justice for survivors of gender-based violence in India. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2013 and the "Guidelines and protocols: Medico-legal care for survivors/victims of sexual violence" issued by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare in March 2014 are two landmark reforms...
March 28, 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642768/experiences-of-gender-based-violence-at-a-south-african-university-prevalence-and-effect-on-rape-myth-acceptance
#9
Gillian Finchilescu, Jackie Dugard
Instances of gender-based violence (GBV) on university campuses are rarely reported to the authorities. This makes it difficult to gauge the prevalence of this problem, which in turn affects efforts for prevention. This article describes a university-wide online survey aimed at assessing, first, the prevalence of GBV experienced by the three sectors in the community-students, academic and research staff, and professional/administrative staff. Many of the findings concurred with research elsewhere-students were the predominant victims of GBV; men were the main perpetrators; and instances of rape occurred mainly when the victim/survivor was under the influence of alcohol or drugs...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629635/juror-decision-making-in-acquaintance-and-marital-rape-the-influence-of-clothing-alcohol-and-preexisting-stereotypical-attitudes
#10
Kirsty Osborn, Josh P Davis, Susan Button, John Foster
Stereotypical biases about women's roles in intimate relationships including their marital status and lifestyle choices such as clothing and alcohol use influence juror attributions of rape case defendant guilt, potentially reducing access to justice for victims. Across two mock-juror decision-making experiments, participants read identical fictitious sexual assault vignettes varying in intoxicated defendant-complainant relationship (married vs. acquaintance), accompanied by photographs of complainant clothing at the crime (body revealing vs...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530441/-an-assessment-of-the-direct-costs-of-healthcare-for-victims-of-sexual-assaults-in-hospital-emergency-units
#11
J Hiquet, E Christin, F Tovagliaro, J Fougas, O Dubourg, C Chevalier, F Abel, M Ebouat, M-E Ploquin, M Malo, S Gromb-Monnoyeur
BACKGROUND: The Forensic medicine reform in 2011 enabled the development of forensic units specialized in multidisciplinary care of victims of criminal offences. Thanks to an annual budgetary allocation, the Ministry of Justice handles the financing of judicial acts, while the health care facilities assume the medical, psychological and social aspects. The objective of this study was to determine the direct costs of medical care provided to rape victims (such as defined in the article 222-23 of the Penal Code) in order to see how its funding could be reconsidered to prevent any additional cost that could be caused by non-sufficient medical, psychological and social care...
March 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519197/what-constitutes-rape-the-effect-of-marital-status-and-type-of-sexual-act-on-perceptions-of-rape-scenarios
#12
Alexis A Adams-Clark, Joan C Chrisler
Many people believe that rape is always perpetrated by a stranger and involves vaginal intercourse. To clarify perceptions of rape that do not follow traditional beliefs, participants were presented with a vignette that described a rape in which the marital status and sexual act were manipulated. Participants were then asked to assess the incident's severity and the victim's responsibility. Results indicated that there was no difference in perceptions between vignettes based on marital status. However, rapes involving vaginal intercourse were associated with lesser degrees of victim blame and minimization than were rapes involving forced oral sex or digital sex...
March 1, 2018: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518275/attributions-of-victim-blame-in-stranger-and-acquaintance-rape-a-quantitative-study
#13
Sofia Persson, Katie Dhingra, Sarah Grogan
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To, on a sample of nurses and the general public, examine whether victim blame varies according to level of familiarly between victim and perpetrator. It also examines how Ambivalent Sexism and Rape Myth Acceptance impact on this. BACKGROUND: Around one in five women will be victims of sexual assault during their lifetime. The majority are acquaintance rapes, and these victims are generally attributed more blame than victims of stranger rape...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504472/the-effects-of-exposure-to-negative-social-reactions-and-participant-gender-on-attitudes-and-behavior-toward-a-rape-victim
#14
Amy L Brown
Research has shown that judgments of a rape victim could be influenced by exposure to negative social reactions: students indicated less willingness to provide sympathy and support to a hypothetical rape victim when they learned she had been blamed and stigmatized. The current study, which utilized a sample of 100 college students, replicated and extended these results and showed that men were affected by others' negative social reactions in their hypothetical judgments and in their behavioral responses to a rape victim (sitting farther away)...
February 1, 2018: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502508/sexual-assault-disclosure-the-effect-of-victim-race-and-perpetrator-type-on-empathy-culpability-and-service-referral-for-survivors-in-a-hypothetical-scenario
#15
Cortney A Franklin, Alondra D Garza
The aftermath of sexual assault warrants further attention surrounding the responses provided by those to whom survivors disclose, especially when perpetrator type or victim race may affect whether the bystander response is supportive or attributes culpability to the victim. Disclosure responses have significant consequences for survivors' posttrauma mental health and formal help-seeking behavior. The current study used a sample of 348 self-report, paper-and-pencil surveys administered during the fall 2015 semester to a purposive sample of undergraduate students with a mean age of 20...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454220/early-life-sexual-abuse-is-associated-with-increased-suicide-attempts-an-update-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Qin Xiang Ng, Bob Zheng Jie Yong, Collin Yin Xian Ho, Donovan Yutong Lim, Wee-Song Yeo
Suicide is an emerging, yet preventable global health issue associated with significant mortality. Identification of underlying risk factors and antecedents may inform preventive strategies and interventions. This study serves to provide an updated meta-analysis examining the extent of association of early life sexual abuse with suicide attempts. Using the keywords [early abuse OR childhood abuse OR sexual OR rape OR molest* OR violence OR trauma OR PTSD] AND [suicid* OR premature OR unnatural OR deceased OR died OR mortality], a preliminary search on the PubMed, Ovid, PsychINFO, Web of Science and Google Scholar databases yielded 12,874 papers published in English between 1-Jan-1988 and 1-June-2017...
April 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449134/characterizing-sexual-violence-victimization-in-youth-2012-national-intimate-partner-and-sexual-violence-survey
#17
Melissa T Merrick, Kathleen C Basile, Xinjian Zhang, Sharon G Smith, Marcie-Jo Kresnow
INTRODUCTION: Youth sexual violence victimization is an urgent public health concern that can lead to a variety of health problems and increased risk for victimization during adulthood. Examining the characteristics of early victimization and their association with subsequent victimization during adulthood may help strengthen primary prevention efforts. METHODS: Data are from the 2012 National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey. Prevalence estimates were computed in 2017 for rape and made to sexually penetrate, their subtypes, as well as proportions among victims by type of perpetrator...
April 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447585/service-seeking-experiences-of-college-aged-sexual-and-intimate-partner-violence-victims-with-a-mental-health-and-or-behavioral-disability
#18
Emily M Nichols, Amy Bonomi, Rebecca Kammes, Elizabeth Miller
OBJECTIVE: To examine mental health service experiences following sexual violence (SV) and intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization among college women with a disability. PARTICIPANTS: College women (n = 27, ages 19 to 24) with a disability who experienced at least one SV/IPV occurrence; interviewed July/August 2016. METHODS: Qualitative study using in-depth interviews, with thematic analysis. RESULTS: Women tended to wait several months (or did not seek care at all) following SV/IPV, because they downplayed their experience (e...
February 15, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436363/unacknowledged-rape-in-the-community-rape-characteristics-and-adjustment
#19
Heather Littleton, Marlee Layh, Kelly Rudolph
Unacknowledged rape, labeling a rape as a nonvictimizing event, remains largely unstudied among non-college women. This study therefore sought to examine differences in assault characteristics, adjustment, and disclosure by rape acknowledgment status among a sample of lower income rape victims (n = 104) recruited from a reproductive health clinic (mean age = 28.8 years). Although unacknowledged rape was infrequent (17.1% of victims), unacknowledged victims reported that the perpetrator used less force and were less likely to have assertively resisted, as compared to acknowledged victims...
February 1, 2018: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435352/how-gender-and-violence-related-norms-affect-self-esteem-among-adolescent-refugee-girls-living-in-ethiopia
#20
L Stark, K Asghar, I Seff, B Cislaghi, G Yu, T Tesfay Gessesse, J Eoomkham, A Assazenew Baysa, K Falb
Background: Evidence suggests adolescent self-esteem is influenced by beliefs of how individuals in their reference group perceive them. However, few studies examine how gender- and violence-related social norms affect self-esteem among refugee populations. This paper explores relationships between gender inequitable and victim-blaming social norms, personal attitudes, and self-esteem among adolescent girls participating in a life skills program in three Ethiopian refugee camps. Methods: Ordinary least squares multivariable regression analysis was used to assess the associations between attitudes and social norms, and self-esteem...
2018: Global Mental Health
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