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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153649/lifetime-economic-burden-of-rape-among-u-s-adults
#1
Cora Peterson, Sarah DeGue, Curtis Florence, Colby N Lokey
INTRODUCTION: This study estimated the per-victim U.S. lifetime cost of rape. METHODS: Data from previous studies was combined with current administrative data and 2011 U.S. National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey data in a mathematical model. Rape was defined as any lifetime completed or attempted forced penetration or alcohol- or drug-facilitated penetration, measured among adults not currently institutionalized. Costs included attributable impaired health, lost productivity, and criminal justice costs from the societal perspective...
January 27, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153645/-epidemiological-clinical-and-forensic-physical-violence-against-women-in-tambacounda-senegal
#2
M M M Leye, P Ndiaye, D Ndiaye, I Seck, A Faye, A Tal Dia
INTRODUCTION: To contribute to the fight against physical violence against women, this work aimed to make a 10-year review of cases treated at the Regional Court of Tambacounda. METHODOLOGY: This observational, retrospective, descriptive and analytical study was conducted from 15 October 2014 to 15 April 2015. It covered all the court records of victims of intentional injury from 2006 to 2015. The data was entered and analyzed using Epi info 3.3.2 software. RESULTS: In all, 113 cases were treated...
January 30, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130899/investigating-the-self-protective-potential-of-immobility-in-victims-of-rape
#3
Brooke A de Heer, Lynn C Jones
Using a nationwide sample of reported rape cases collected by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI; 389 victims; 89% stranger rapes), this study investigates assumptions about self-protective behaviors for rape victims. Past research on victim resistance strategies often specifies active resistance as self-protective, inadvertently underestimating the potential for biologically based reactions, such as tonic immobility, to be self-protective as well. Results confirm that rape victims who were verbally and physically immobile during the attack were less likely to be injured and have force used against them...
January 27, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114775/risk-factors-for-ptsd-and-depression-in-female-survivors-of-rape
#4
Nolwandle Mbalo, Muyu Zhang, Sam Ntuli
Temporarily Unavailable (PsycINFO Database Record
January 23, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030996/not-a-big-deal-examining-help-seeking-behaviors-of-sexually-victimized-women-on-the-college-campus
#5
McKenzie Wood, Amy Stichman
The sexual assault and coercion of women on university campuses continues to be an ongoing problem. It is estimated that more than 15% of women attending college experience some type of sexual assault or coercion each year. As universities and other social institutions begin to acknowledge the prevalence of sexual victimization, an increased emphasis has been placed on helping victims of sexual crimes. The current study uses results from 378 surveys completed by females at a midwestern university to examine the help-seeking behaviors of those who have been victimized...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024267/sexual-homicide-brief-review-of-the-literature-and-case-report-involving-rape-genital-mutilation-and-human-arson
#6
REVIEW
Maria-Valeria Karakasi, Epameinondas Vasilikos, Polichronis Voultsos, Aikaterini Vlachaki, Pavlos Pavlidis
The objective of the current paper is to report a new case of sexual murder involving human arson and summarize the literature on the phenomenon of sexual homicide. The present case study is unprecedented in Greece and a rarity in international literature due to the fact that the victim suffered genital mutilation and incineration while still alive. The evaluation consisted of 176 articles; 53 were reviewed by the authors. The results revealed sparse, but significant, research findings. The authors discuss the limitations regarding research, incidence of the phenomenon, crime-scene patterns, offender characteristics (killing methods, motive inferences, sociodemographic data, classifications, psychopathology, modus operandi), and victim selection...
February 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012825/detection-of-the-antipsychotic-drug-quetiapine-in-the-blood-urine-and-hair-samples-of-the-victim-of-a-drug-facilitated-sexual-assault
#7
Sys Stybe Johansen
A drug rape facilitated with the sedative antipsychotic drug quetiapine is presented here. A teenage girl and her girlfriend went to the home of an adult couple they had met at a bar. Here, the teenage girl (victim) felt tired after consuming some alcoholic drinks and fell asleep. While she was asleep, the others left her at the house alone and returned to the bar. Later, the girl woke up to witness the adult male having intercourse with her, but she was not able to resist the attack. She fell asleep again and slept through the next day and a half, after which she left the house...
December 15, 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934545/victor-s-justice-atrocities-in-postwar-nigeria
#8
Arua Oko Omaka
The Nigerian Government's declaration of 'no victor, no vanquished' after the capitulation of Biafra on 12 January 1970, was applauded as the right step towards reconciliation and transition from war to peace. Despite this declaration and assurance of amnesty, the Nigerian Government and its soldiers still engaged in acts that amounted to retributive justice. They starved and killed innocent Biafran civilians, looted their property and raped their women. Surprisingly, these postwar atrocities committed against former Biafrans have been largely ignored in the historiography of the Nigeria-Biafra War...
July 2016: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798839/exploratory-factor-analysis-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-sexual-coercion-inventory
#9
Bryana H French, Han Na Suh, Brooke Arterberry
The purpose of the present study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Sexual Coercion Inventory (SCI; Waldner, Vaden-Goad, & Sikka, 1999), revised by the authors (SCI-R). Overall, 514 high school and college students from a Midwestern state completed the SCI-R. To complete the SCI-R, high school participants completed paper-pencil surveys with those younger than 18 obtaining parental consent; college students older than 18 completed computer-based and paper-pencil surveys. Exploratory factor analysis and reliability analyses were conducted to examine the validity of score interpretation and reliability of scores for the measure...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758724/-recognizing-signs-of-sexual-abuse
#10
T A M Teunissen, S H Lo Fong Wong, A L M Lagro-Janssen
Sexual abuse is very common. In the Netherlands 42% of women and 13% of men aged over 25 years have experienced unacceptable sexual behaviour. Most victims do not seek professional help nor do they report the abuse to the police, and most of the victims who do seek medical help do not mention the abuse. Doctors often do not recognize the signs of sexual abuse. Most victims of rape have symptoms that may develop into posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) if they persist for more than 4 weeks, such as sleep problems or panic attacks...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738127/non-partner-sexual-violence-against-women-in-spain-lifetime-prevalence-perpetrators-and-consequences-on-mental-health
#11
Ines Domenech Del Rio, Elena Sirvent Garcia Del Valle
BACKGROUND: Research on sexual violence by non-partners based on representative samples is scarce. The objectives of the study were (i) to analyse the prevalence of different forms of non-partner sexual violence in Spain and their perpetrators, (ii) to analyse the consequences of non-partner sexual violence on mental health and (iii) to estimate the percentage of rapes that are reported to the police. METHODS: Data from the 2015 Spanish Survey on Violence against Women, a nationally representative sample of 10 171 women, were used...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727282/a-holistic-person-centred-care-model-for-victims-of-sexual-violence-in-democratic-republic-of-congo-the-panzi-hospital-one-stop-centre-model-of-care
#12
Denis Mukwege, Marie Berg
Denis Mukwege and Marie Berg describe the One Stop Centre at Panzi Hospital in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo that provides care for girls and women who have been raped in combination with extreme bodily harm.
October 2016: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685473/blood-concentrations-of-new-designer-benzodiazepines-in-forensic-cases
#13
Gudrun Høiseth, Silja Skogstad Tuv, Ritva Karinen
INTRODUCTION: A number of new designer benzodiazepines have reached the illegal drug market over the past years. Toxicological interpretation of concentrations of these drugs in blood is quite challenging as very limited human data have previously been published. The aim of this study was to report blood concentrations of new designer benzodiazepines in a population of drugged drivers as well as some other criminal offenders, and to relate this to clinical impairment. METHODS: The present material represents cases involving new designer benzodiazepines (clonazolam, diclazepam, flubromazepam, flubromazolam and pyrazolam) and etizolam, submitted for analyses during the period July 1, 2013-May 31, 2016...
November 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651448/intra-and-extra-familial-victimization-experiences-differentiating-between-incarcerated-serious-youth-offenders-and-youth-rapists
#14
Jamie R Yoder, Ashleigh I Hodge, Donna Ruch
Although research is becoming increasingly nuanced by exploring differential risk factors linked with types of youth offenders, typological distinctions have rarely been made between youth rapists and other serious youth offenders. This study tests the relative effects of intra- and extra-familial victimization-while holding other theoretically driven variables constant-on membership in three mutually exclusive youth offending groups: non-serious non-sexual offenders (n = 4,013), serious non-sexual offenders (n = 2,571), and rapists (n = 489)...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638687/cognitive-distortions-among-sexual-offenders-against-women-in-japan
#15
Kyoko Hazama, Satoshi Katsuta
Research in Western countries has indicated that the cognitive distortions of sexual offenders play an etiological and maintenance role in offending. The present study examines whether the cognitive distortions hypothesized by previous Western studies can be found in Japanese sexual offenders against women. This study used the questionnaire administered by probation officers in the special cognitive-behavioral treatment programs for sexual offenders, which have been implemented since 2006 in Japan. Participants in the offender group were 80 Japanese male probationers and parolees (more than 19 years old, M age = 34...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580984/adult-victimization-in-female-survivors-of-childhood-violence-and-abuse-the-contribution-of-multiple-types-of-violence
#16
Helene Flood Aakvaag, Siri Thoresen, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Grete Dyb
Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a well-established risk factor for adult victimization in women, but little is known about the importance of relationship to perpetrator and exposure to other violence types. This study interviewed 2,437 Norwegian women (response rate = 45.0%) about their experiences with violence. Logistic regression analyses were employed to estimate associations of multiple categories of childhood violence with adult victimization. Women exposed to CSA often experienced other childhood violence, and the total burden of violence was associated with adult rape and intimate partner violence (IPV)...
August 30, 2016: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561746/religious-affiliation-religiosity-gender-and-rape-myth-acceptance-feminist-theory-and-rape-culture
#17
Michael D Barnett, Kylie B Sligar, Chiachih D C Wang
Rape myths are false beliefs about rape, rape victims, and rapists, often prejudicial and stereotypical. Guided by feminist theory and available empirical research, this study aimed to examine the influences of gender, religious affiliation, and religiosity on rape myth acceptance of U.S. emerging adults. A sample of 653 university students aged 18 to 30 years were recruited from a large public university in the southern United States to complete the research questionnaires. Results indicated that individuals who identified as Roman Catholic or Protestant endorsed higher levels of rape myth acceptance than their atheist or agnostic counterparts...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561118/sexual-abuse-in-cameroon-a-four-year-old-girl-victim-of-rape-in-buea-case-study
#18
John Chishugi, Trixy Franke
A young girl was brought to the emergency unit after suffering sexual abuse by an older male. Additional abuses against women and girls include physical beating, forced marriage, female genital mutilation, breast ironing, widow's rites, psychological abuse, and discrimination in education, finance, employment, and legal access. Cameroon has adopted strategies aimed at eliminating violence against women, including ratification of international policies, penal codes, and support of local and international efforts that promote women; however, many of the laws remain in name only and are rarely enforced, given women's lack of financial access to quality lawyers and an unsympathetic male-dominated police force...
August 2016: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543299/-i-know-it-when-i-see-it-recent-victimization-and-perceptions-of-rape
#19
Andrea D Haugen, Phia Salter, Nia L Phillips
This study examined various individual differences that influence perceptions of sexual assault (SA), specifically focusing on participants' self-reported recent experiences of rape or sexual coercion. Female college students (N = 214) read 16 short SA encounter vignettes, indicated whether what they read constituted rape, and completed individual difference measures. Results indicated that participants who confirmed a recent history of SA endorsed rape myths to a greater degree, held more adversarial sexual beliefs, reported higher levels of sociosexuality, and were less likely to construct the SA encounters as rape when compared with women who do not report recent SA or coercion...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27538745/gender-norms-and-age-disparate-sexual-relationships-as-predictors-of-intimate-partner-violence-sexual-violence-and-risky-sex-among-adolescent-gang-members
#20
Liesl A Nydegger, Wayne DiFranceisco, Katherine Quinn, Julia Dickson-Gomez
Unequal gender norms and age-disparate sexual relationships can lead to power imbalances and are also associated with intimate partner violence (IPV), sexual coercion and violence, and sexual risk behaviors. The present study examined these variables from both victim and perpetrator perspectives among adolescent gang members. Age-disparate sexual relationships were defined as sex partners 5 or more years older among female participants and 5 or more years younger among male participants. Participants were recruited from a mid-sized Midwestern city and completed a 60-90-min audio computer-assisted self-interview in a community-based setting...
August 18, 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
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