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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028591/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-in-parents-and-adolescents-after-the-wenchuan-earthquake-a-longitudinal-actor-partner-interdependence-model
#1
Xuliang Shi, Ya Zhou, Fulei Geng, Yuanyuan Li, Jieying Zhou, Binbin Lei, Siyi Chen, Xiaoyan Chen, Fang Fan
BACKGROUND: Previous research has examined the association between parents' and children's posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms (PTSS) after a variety of traumatic events. However, longitudinal parent-child dyadic studies are scarce. METHODS: Independent self-reports were collected from parent-adolescent dyads (n = 688) after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake. Adolescents (Mean = 15.22 years; 61.63% female) and one of their parents (Mean = 41.04 years; 58.14% female) each reported on their PTSS at 12 (T12m) and 18 months (T18m) following the earthquake...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983389/treating-ptsd-in-pregnant-and-postpartum-rural-women-with-substance-use-disorders
#2
Emily R Dworkin, Laura Zambrano-Vazquez, Sarah R Cunningham, Samantha L Pittenger, Julie A Schumacher, Paul R Stasiewicz, Scott F Coffey
The co-occurrence of posttraumatic stress disorder and substance use disorder (PTSD-SUD) can pose significant problems for rural pregnant and postpartum women (PPW) and the well-being of their children. Although effective treatments exist, PPW experience limitations in their ability to access and engage in treatment that may be compounded by various aspects of rural settings, so providers must be attentive to these barriers in order to address this pressing public health need. In addition, as part of increasing rural access to care, it is important to consider the costs and benefits to PPW of selecting exposure-based techniques (e...
April 2017: Rural Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980091/biopsychosocial-predictors-of-quality-of-life-outcomes-in-pediatric-congenital-heart-disease
#3
Michelle M Ernst, Bradley S Marino, Amy Cassedy, Carrie Piazza-Waggoner, Rodney C Franklin, Katherine Brown, Jo Wray
The purpose of this prospective multi-center cross-sectional study was to identify key biopsychosocial factors that impact quality of life (QOL) of youth with congenital heart disease (CHD). Patient-parent pairs were recruited at a regular hospital follow-up visit. Patient- and parent-proxy-reported QOL were assessed using the Pediatric Cardiac Quality of Life Inventory (PCQLI). Wallander's and Varni's disability-stress coping model guided factor selection, which included disease factors, educational impairment, psychosocial stress, child psychological and parent/family factors...
October 4, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974186/-family-based-trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-with-three-siblings-of-a-refugee-family
#4
Isabelle Bohnacker, Lutz Goldbeck
Family-Based Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy with Three Siblings of a Refugee Family The possibility and relevance of a joint trauma-therapy with siblings has yet received little attention in research and clinical practice. The following case study presents a joint family-based trauma-focused therapy process with a refugee family. All three siblings suffered from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) before treatment. The treatment followed the manual of Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT; Cohen, Mannarino, Deblinger, 2009)...
October 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965303/impact-of-gender-on-child-and-adolescent-ptsd
#5
REVIEW
Kristie Garza, Tanja Jovanovic
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review examines the recent literature on biological factors that influence sex differences in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) during childhood and adolescence, focusing on neurobiological, hormonal, and genetic factors that may increase risk in girls. RECENT FINDINGS: More than 60% of children and adolescents are exposed to traumatic events, and many develop PTSD. There is increasing recognition of gender differences in PTSD, with women having double the rates of the disorder compared to men...
September 30, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961474/narrative-fragmentation-in-child-sexual-abuse-the-role-of-age-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#6
Sarah Miragoli, Elena Camisasca, Paola Di Blasio
The present study aimed to assess the effects of age and PTSD on the narrative fragmentation in memories for child sexual abuse. Lexical complexity, cohesion and coherence were analyzed within a group of 86 allegations of children (M=10years; SD=3.7; range: 4-17) who were victims of sexual abuse. Results illustrated that age played an important role in establishing narrative coherence and predicted the level of orientation, the sequence of events and the level of evaluation of the event. Instead, PTSD was related to narrative coherence and cohesion...
September 26, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958457/prolonged-grief-and-posttraumatic-stress-in-bereaved-children-a-latent-class-analysis
#7
Paul A Boelen, Mariken Spuij, Albert H A Reijntjes
Few studies have yet examined subgroups among children (aged 8-18) confronted with the death of a close loved one, characterized by different profiles of symptoms of prolonged grief disorder (PGD) and symptoms of bereavement-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This study sought to identify such subgroups and socio-demographic and loss-related variables associated with subgroup membership. We used data from 332 children, most of whom (> 80%) were confronted with the death of a parent, mostly (> 50%) due to illness...
September 4, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945995/abnormal-emotional-processing-in-maltreated-children-diagnosed-of-complex-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#8
Clara Bertó, Maite Ferrin, María Barberá, Lorenzo Livianos, Luis Rojo, Ana García-Blanco
Maltreated children usually show a specific pattern of emotional and behavioral symptoms that exceed those relating to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). These symptoms have been defined as Complex PTSD (CPTSD). The underlying attentional mechanisms of abnormal emotional processing and their relation to the clinical presentation of CPTSD are not well understood. A visual dot-probe paradigm involving pre-attentive (i.e., 500ms) and attentive (i.e., 1500ms) presentation rates of neutral versus emotional (i...
September 22, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942057/psychosocial-symptoms-in-very-young-children-assessed-for-sexual-abuse-a-qualitative-analysis-from-the-asac-study
#9
T F Vrolijk-Bosschaart, S N Brilleslijper-Kater, G A M Widdershoven, A H Teeuw, E Verlinden, Y Voskes, E M van Duin, A P Verhoeff, M de Leeuw, M J Roskam, M A Benninga, R J L Lindauer
Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a worldwide problem with serious consequences. No recognizable symptom pattern for suspected CSA has yet been identified in very young children. We aim to investigate psychosocial symptoms in a sample of children with confirmed or strongly suspected CSA and the interpretations given to such symptoms by independent clinical experts. Secondly we examined whether experts were able to identify confirmed victims of severe CSA. A qualitative study including inductive content analysis of medical files and focus group discussions with independent experts on the interpretation of psychosocial symptoms was conducted...
September 20, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926979/mother-s-ipv-child-maltreatment-type-and-the-presence-of-ptsd-in-children-and-adolescents
#10
Maravillas Castro, Mavi Alcántara-López, Antonia Martínez, Visitación Fernández, Julio Sánchez-Meca, Concepción López-Soler
This correlational cross-sectional study was designed to investigate whether the intimate partner violence (IPV) suffered by mothers (physical and psychological maltreatment), child eyewitness of psychological and physical maltreatment suffered by the mother, the neglect suffered by children, and the maltreatment (physical and psychological) directly suffered by children are statistically associated to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms exhibited by the child. In addition, the prevalence of child PTSD was estimated, as well as the concordance between the PTSD symptoms assessed by the Child PTSD Symptom Scale (CPSS) and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) criteria for child PTSD...
September 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923435/ptsd-burnout-and-well-being-among-rescue-workers-seeking-to-understand-the-impact-of-the-european-refugee-crisis-on-rescuers
#11
Vasiliki-Eirini Chatzea, Dimitra Sifaki-Pistolla, Sofia-Aikaterini Vlachaki, Evangelos Melidoniotis, Georgia Pistolla
Individuals who perform rescue and recovery duties, as part of their daily work activities, confront diverse stressors that can affect their mental state and overall well-being. The study aimed to assess the prevalence and the factors associated with self-assessed PTSD, perceived well-being and burnout among rescue workers operating at Lesvos during the European refugees crisis. 217 rescuers participated in the study, while the PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version (PCL-C), the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and the Well-being Index (WHO-5) were utilized...
September 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898109/factors-associated-with-type-ii-trauma-in-occupational-groups-working-with-traumatised-children-a-systematic-review
#12
Clara A M Sage, Samantha K Brooks, Neil Greenberg
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that "Type II trauma" (TTT) - repeated exposure to traumatic events - can lead to the development of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). TTT frequently occurs in occupational groups working with children who are themselves victims of trauma. AIM: To conduct a systematic review identifying risk factors for/protective factors against TTT-associated mental ill-health in employees working with traumatised children and explore how this type of work impacts upon social functioning...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888350/anterior-cingulate-cortex-grey-matter-volume-abnormalities-in-adolescents-with-ptsd-after-childhood-sexual-abuse
#13
Mirjam A Rinne-Albers, J Nienke Pannekoek, Marie-José van Hoof, Natasja D van Lang, Francien Lamers-Winkelman, Serge A Rombouts, Nic J van der Wee, Robert R Vermeiren
Adverse childhood experiences (ACE) substantially increase the risk of later psychiatric and somatic pathology. While neurobiological factors are likely to play a mediating role, specific insights are lacking. The scarce neuroimaging studies in traumatised pediatric populations have provided inconsistent results, potentially due to the inclusion of different types of trauma. To further improve our understanding of the neurobiology of pediatric psychotrauma, this study seeks to investigate abnormalities in grey matter volume (GMV) in a homogeneous group of adolescents with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) due to childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and the relationship between GMV and symptom severity...
September 6, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878711/parental-factors-associated-with-child-post-traumatic-stress-following-injury-a-consideration-of-intervention-targets
#14
REVIEW
Anna E Wise, Douglas L Delahanty
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms are relatively common following pediatric traumatic injury and are related to poor long-term child outcomes. However, due to concerns regarding the efficacy of early child preventive interventions, and difficulty intervening with injured and medicated children soon after the event, it is not feasible to provide early psychological interventions to children exposed to traumatic injury. Parental PTSD symptoms and reactions to the child's traumatic injury impact child outcomes and provide potential targets for early intervention to reduce child symptom development without involving the child...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854296/efficacy-and-safety-of-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-serotonin-norepinephrine-reuptake-inhibitors-and-placebo-for-common-psychiatric-disorders-among-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Cosima Locher, Helen Koechlin, Sean R Zion, Christoph Werner, Daniel S Pine, Irving Kirsch, Ronald C Kessler, Joe Kossowsky
Importance: Depressive disorders (DDs), anxiety disorders (ADs), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are common mental disorders in children and adolescents. Objective: To examine the relative efficacy and safety of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), and placebo for the treatment of DD, AD, OCD, and PTSD in children and adolescents. Data Sources: PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Web of Science, and Cochrane Database from inception through August 7, 2016...
October 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846519/what-do-clinicians-caring-for-children-need-to-know-about-pediatric-medical-traumatic-stress-and-the-ethics-of-trauma-informed-approaches
#16
Nancy Kassam-Adams, Lucas Butler
Medical experiences can be frightening and traumatic for children. Ill and injured children can experience pediatric medical traumatic stress-psychological and physiological distress responses related to their medical event and subsequent medical treatment experiences-which can lead to symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and suboptimal health outcomes. Trauma-informed care provides a framework for acknowledging, addressing, and mitigating the risks of psychological trauma associated with medical treatment experiences and is congruent with the ethical principles of respect for autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, and justice...
August 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840391/respiratory-sinus-arrhythmia-in-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-in-children-preliminary-treatment-and-gender-effects
#17
Rebecca S Lipschutz, Sarah A O Gray, Carl F Weems, Michael S Scheeringa
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is an efficacious treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, but the effect of CBT on physiological indicators is largely unknown. Respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) is an established parasympathetic marker of self-regulatory capacity and stress responsivity. The present study tested if and how resting RSA and RSA reactivity changed following treatment among a sample of children (n = 48) who experienced at least one traumatic event and presented with PTSD symptoms...
August 24, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831950/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-among-children-of-kathmandu-1-year-after-the-2015-earthquake-in-nepal
#18
Shneha Acharya, Dharma Nanda Bhatta, Sawitri Assannangkornchai
OBJECTIVE: The 2015 earthquake in Nepal affected the country in terms of economy, and by causing damage and stress reactions. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and determine individual child- and family-level predictors of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was carried out in Kathmandu district 15 months after the earthquake. Multistage cluster sampling was adopted to collect 800 earthquake-affected children aged 7-16 years and a face-to-face interview was conducted...
August 23, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828867/guidelines-for-support-to-mothers-of-sexually-abused-children-in-north-west-province
#19
Gaboipolelwe M Masilo, Mashudu Davhana-Maselesele
BACKGROUND: South Africa is reported to have the highest rate of sexual assault in the world with over 40% of cases occurring among children. Children who are sexually abused have support programmes and policies to assist them in coping, but there are no support programmes for mothers or caretakers. Caretakers need support for themselves and assisting them will incrementally benefit children under their care. Often mothers of these children experience shock, anger, disbelief and suffer secondary trauma such as depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following their children's sexual abuse disclosure and yet there are no guidelines for support to these mothers within North-West province (NWP)Objectives: The study seeks to develop guidelines for support to mothers of sexually abused children in NWP...
July 25, 2017: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820616/psychometrics-of-the-child-ptsd-symptom-scale-for-dsm-5-for-trauma-exposed-children-and-adolescents
#20
Edna B Foa, Anu Asnaani, Yinyin Zang, Sandra Capaldi, Rebecca Yeh
This study evaluated psychometric properties of interview, self-report, and screening versions of the Child PTSD Symptom Scale for DSM-5 (CPSS-5), a measure of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) for traumatized youth based on DSM-5 criteria. Participants were 64 children and adolescents (51.6% female, 45.3% African American/Black) between 8 and 18 years of age (M = 14.1, SD = 2.5) who had experienced a DSM-5 Criterion A trauma. Participants completed test-retest procedures for the self-report and interviewer versions of the CPSS-5 in 2 visits that were up to 2 weeks apart...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
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