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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665873/impact-of-paternal-deployment-to-the-conflicts-in-iraq-and-afghanistan-and-paternal-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-on-the-children-of-military-fathers
#1
Nicola T Fear, Ruth V Reed, Sarah Rowe, Howard Burdett, David Pernet, Alyson Mahar, Amy C Iversen, Paul Ramchandani, Alan Stein, Simon Wessely
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the social and emotional well-being of children whose fathers have been deployed to the conflicts in Iraq/Afghanistan or who have post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).AimsTo examine the emotional and behavioural well-being of children whose fathers are or have been in the UK armed forces, in particular the effects of paternal deployment to the conflicts in Iraq or Afghanistan and paternal PTSD. METHOD: Fathers who had taken part in a large tri-service cohort and had children aged 3-16 years were asked about the emotional and behavioural well-being of their child(ren) and assessed for symptoms of PTSD via online questionnaires and telephone interview...
April 18, 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655375/association-between-traumatic-stress-load-psychopathology-and-cognition-in-the-philadelphia-neurodevelopmental-cohort
#2
Ran Barzilay, Monica E Calkins, Tyler M Moore, Daniel H Wolf, Theodore D Satterthwaite, J Cobb Scott, Jason D Jones, Tami D Benton, Ruben C Gur, Raquel E Gur
BACKGROUND: Traumatic stressors during childhood and adolescence are associated with psychopathology, mostly studied in the context of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. We investigated broader associations of traumatic stress exposure with psychopathology and cognition in a youth community sample. METHODS: The Philadelphia Neurodevelopmental Cohort (N = 9498) is an investigation of clinical and neurobehavioral phenotypes in a diverse (56% Caucasian, 33% African American, 11% other) US youth community population (aged 8-21)...
April 15, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642485/differential-diagnosis-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-two-clinical-cases
#3
Katherine Kuhl-Meltzoff Stavropoulos, Yasamine Bolourian, Jan Blacher
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is estimated to affect one in 68 children. Given the increase in both prevalence and awareness of ASD, it is critical to provide accurate and timely diagnosis. However, ASD often co-occurs with other disorders, making diagnosis difficult. The objective of the current case study was to provide two examples of differential diagnosis in ASD and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) observed in an autism clinic. In both cases, the goal was to decide whether each child should be given a diagnosis of ASD, PTSD, or both...
April 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629788/statewide-implementation-of-an-evidence-based-trauma-intervention-in-schools
#4
Sharon A Hoover, Heather Sapere, Jason M Lang, Erum Nadeem, Kristin L Dean, Pamela Vona
The goal of the current article is to describe the implementation and outcomes of an innovative statewide dissemination approach of the evidence-based trauma intervention Cognitive Behavioral Intervention for Trauma in Schools (CBITS). In the context of a 2-year statewide learning collaborative effort, 73 CBITS groups led by 20 clinicians from 5 different school-based mental health provider organizations served a total of 350 racially and ethnically diverse (66.9% Hispanic, 26.2% Black/African American, 43...
March 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627597/genetic-pathways-to-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-depression-in-children-investigation-of-catechol-o-methyltransferase-comt-val158met-using-different-ptsd-diagnostic-models
#5
BreAnne A Danzi, Annette M La Greca
The catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) Val158Met polymorphism has been linked to PTSD, although findings have been inconsistent. Recently, different diagnostic criteria for PTSD have been introduced by ICD-11 and DSM-5, including separate criteria for adults and for young children (i.e., the preschool criteria). The preschool criteria may be applicable to older children as well. This study is the first to examine COMT associations with depression and PTSD, using new diagnostic models, in school-age children (7-11 years) exposed to a natural disaster...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603887/screening-and-management-of-mental-health-and-substance-use-disorders-in-hiv-treatment-settings-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-within-the-global-iedea-consortium
#6
Angela M Parcesepe, Catrina Mugglin, Fred Nalugoda, Charlotte Bernard, Evy Yunihastuti, Keri Althoff, Antoine Jaquet, Andreas D Haas, Stephany N Duda, C William Wester, Denis Nash
INTRODUCTION: Integration of services to screen and manage mental health and substance use disorders (MSDs) into HIV care settings has been identified as a promising strategy to improve mental health and HIV treatment outcomes among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Data on the extent to which HIV treatment sites in LMICs screen and manage MSDs are limited. The objective of this study was to assess practices for screening and treatment of MSDs at HIV clinics in LMICs participating in the International epidemiology Databases to Evaluate AIDS (IeDEA) consortium...
March 2018: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596582/prevalence-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-prisoners
#7
Gergõ Baranyi, Megan Cassidy, Seena Fazel, Stefan Priebe, Adrian P Mundt
People involved with criminal justice frequently are exposed to violence and traumatic experiences. This may lead to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD); however, no review, to our knowledge, has synthetized findings in this setting. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate prevalence rates of PTSD in prison populations. Original studies in which prevalence rates of PTSD in unselected samples of incarcerated people were reported were systematically searched between 1980 and June 2017...
March 27, 2018: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580197/identifying-youth-at-risk-for-commercial-sexual-exploitation-within-child-advocacy-centers-a-statewide-pilot-study
#8
Tiffany West Brandt, Teresa Lind, Alayna Schreier, Chad M Sievers, Teresa L Kramer
Commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) is a social problem in the United States that has recently received growing attention from policy makers, advocates, and researchers. Despite increasing awareness of this issue, information on the prevalence, demographic profile, and psychosocial needs of victims of CSEC is scarce. To better understand the scope of CSEC and to examine the feasibility of screening for CSEC in Child Advocacy Centers (CACs), a pilot study was initiated through Arkansas Building Effective Services for Trauma (ARBEST) to identify youth who may be at risk for commercial sexual exploitation...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577268/associations-of-army-fathers-ptsd-symptoms-and-child-functioning-within-and-between-family-effects
#9
Aleja Parsons, Kayla Knopp, Galena K Rhoades, Elizabeth S Allen, Howard J Markman, Scott M Stanley
This study examined the within-family and between-family associations between fathers' military-related PTSD symptoms and parent ratings of children's behavioral and emotional problems. The sample included married couples (N = 419) with children composed of a civilian wife and an active-duty husband serving in the U.S. Army. Results indicate that changes in fathers' PTSD symptoms over time were associated with corresponding changes in both mothers' and fathers' reports of child behavioral and emotional problems...
March 25, 2018: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574927/parental-posttraumatic-stress-and-child-behavioral-problems-in-world-trade-center-responders
#10
Mai Uchida, Huifen Feng, Adriana Feder, Natalie Mota, Clyde B Schechter, Hilary D Woodworth, Caroline G Kelberman, Michael Crane, Philip Landrigan, Jacqueline Moline, Iris Udasin, Denise Harrison, Benjamin J Luft, Craig Katz, Steven M Southwick, Robert H Pietrzak
BACKGROUND: We investigated trans-generational associations between Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms in World Trade Center (WTC) responders and behavioral problems in their children. METHODS: Participants were WTC responders-8034 police and 8352 non-traditional (eg, construction workers)-with one or more children at the time of their first visit to the World Trade Center Health Program (WTC-HP). Self-report questionnaires were administered approximately 4 years after the 9/11 WTC attack...
March 25, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566557/mental-health-of-unaccompanied-asylum-seeking-adolescents-previously-held-in-british-detention-centres
#11
Kimberly A Ehntholt, David Trickey, Jean Harris Hendriks, Hannah Chambers, Mark Scott, William Yule
AIM: To investigate whether the mental health of unaccompanied asylum-seeking children (UASC) was negatively affected by having their ages disputed and being detained. METHOD: Participants within this cross-sectional study were 35 UASC, aged between 13 and 17 when they were detained. Some years later, a team of child mental health professionals interviewed them to assess their current mental health and to determine, as far as possible, the impact that having their age disputed and being detained may have had on their mental health...
April 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558887/mental-ill-health-and-factors-associated-with-men-s-use-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-zimbabwe
#12
Mercilene Machisa, Simukai Shamu
BACKGROUND: Over the years, researchers have relied on data from women victims to understand the profile on male perpetrators of intimate partner violence (IPV). IPV studies with male participants in the general population are still emerging in Africa. The contribution of mental ill health to IPV perpetration in the general population that has been documented elsewhere is emergent. Notwithstanding, research with male perpetrators is essential to informing effective prevention programmes and interventions...
March 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553438/the-protective-role-of-maternal-post-traumatic-growth-and-cognitive-trauma-processing-in-palestinian-mothers-and-infants-a-longitudinal-study
#13
Safwat Y Diab, Sanna Isosävi, Samir R Qouta, Saija Kuittinen, Raija-Leena Punamäki
BACKGROUND: Women at pre partum and post partum are especially susceptible to war trauma because they struggle to protect their infants from danger. Trauma research suggests increased problems in maternal mental health and infant development. Yet many cognitive-emotional processes affect the trauma survivors' mental health, such as post-traumatic growth and post-traumatic cognition. The aim of this study was to examine whether a mother's high post-traumatic growth and optimal post-traumatic cognition could protect their own mental health and their infant's stress regulation from the effects of traumatic war experiences...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549818/feasibility-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-ucla-ptsd-reaction-index-for-dsm-5-in-japanese-youth-a-multi-site-study
#14
Saeko Takada, Satomi Kameoka, Makiko Okuyama, Takeo Fujiwara, Junko Yagi, Yoshitaka Iwadare, Hiroaki Honma, Hirohumi Mashiko, Keizo Nagao, Takeshi Fujibayashi, Yasuko Asano, Sayaka Yamamoto, Tomoko Osawa, Hiroshi Kato
The purpose of this study was to determine the reliability and validity of the UCLA PTSD Reaction Index for DSM-5 (PTSD-RI-5) among Japanese youth. This is the first study to explore psychometrics of the DSM-5 version of the PTSD-RI-5, as well as the first multisite study of an Asian population. This article presents psychometric characteristics of the PTSD-RI-5 derived from a sample of Japanese children and adolescents (N = 318). The PTSD-RI-5 total scale displayed good internal consistency reliability (α = 0...
March 3, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533081/filial-anxiety-and-sense-of-obligation-among-offspring-of-holocaust-survivors
#15
Amit Shrira, Ravit Menashe, Moshe Bensimon
OBJECTIVES: Much is known about adult children caring for their aging parents, yet the potentially unique experience of offspring caring for traumatized parents is underexplored. Therefore, the current studies assessed filial anxiety and sense of obligation among offspring of Holocaust survivors (OHS) in caring for their parents. METHOD: In Study 1, we interviewed 10 OHS (mean age = 61.0) in order to extract themes of filial anxiety. Based on Study 1's data, a newly constructed scale of filial anxiety was administered in Study 2 to 59 adult offspring (mean age = 56...
March 13, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530911/comparative-efficacy-and-acceptability-of-psychotherapies-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-study-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#16
Yuqing Zhang, Xinyu Zhou, Lining Yang, Sarah E Hetrick, John R Weisz, Pim Cuijpers, Jürgen Barth, Cinzia Del Giovane, Shuai Yuan, David Cohen, Donna Gillies, Xiaofeng Jiang, Teng Teng, Peng Xie
INTRODUCTION: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is common among children and adolescents who are exposed to trauma, and it is often associated with significant negative impacts on their psychosocial functioning and quality of life. Many types of psychotherapies have been found to be effective for PTSD in children and adolescents. However, due to the lack of direct comparisons between different psychotherapies, the hierarchy of treatment efficacy is still unclear. Therefore, we plan to conduct a systematic review and network meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy and acceptability of various types of psychotherapies for PTSD in children and adolescents...
March 12, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530422/focused-psychosocial-interventions-for-children-in-low-resource-humanitarian-settings-a-systematic-review-and-individual-participant-data-meta-analysis
#17
Marianna Purgato, Alden L Gross, Theresa Betancourt, Paul Bolton, Chiara Bonetto, Chiara Gastaldon, James Gordon, Paul O'Callaghan, Davide Papola, Kirsi Peltonen, Raija-Leena Punamaki, Justin Richards, Julie K Staples, Johanna Unterhitzenberger, Mark van Ommeren, Joop de Jong, Mark J D Jordans, Wietse A Tol, Corrado Barbui
BACKGROUND: Results from studies evaluating the effectiveness of focused psychosocial support interventions in children exposed to traumatic events in humanitarian settings in low-income and middle-income countries have been inconsistent, showing varying results by setting and subgroup (eg, age or gender). We aimed to assess the effectiveness of these interventions, and to explore which children are likely to benefit most. METHODS: We did a systematic review and meta-analysis of individual participant data (IPD) from 3143 children recruited to 11 randomised controlled trials of focused psychosocial support interventions versus waiting list...
April 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525830/ptsd-of-rape-after-is-islamic-state-captivity
#18
Jan Ilhan Kizilhan
Research into the psychological consequences of rape on women in war and warlike situations is limited. The aims of this study were (a) to describe the prevalence and the nature of PTSD symptoms among Yazidi women reporting rape during IS captivity, (b) to describe comorbidity of other psychological disorders, and (c) to examine the risk factors associated with posttraumatic stress disorder.The study included 296 Yazidi women survivors of rape and has been conducted in Germany since January 2016 as part of a special-quota project in the German region of Baden-Wuerttemberg, designed to support the women and children who have escaped after being held hostage by IS...
March 10, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518168/psychological-consequences-of-child-trafficking-an-historical-cohort-study-of-trafficked-children-in-contact-with-secondary-mental-health-services
#19
Livia Ottisova, Patrick Smith, Hitesh Shetty, Daniel Stahl, Johnny Downs, Sian Oram
BACKGROUND: Child trafficking is the recruitment and movement of people aged younger than 18 for the purposes of exploitation. Research on the mental health of trafficked children is limited, and little is known about the use of mental health services by this group. This study aimed to investigate the mental health and service use characteristics of trafficked children in contact with mental health services in England. METHODS & FINDINGS: The study employed an historical cohort design...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511996/risk-factors-of-post-traumatic-stress-and-depressive-disorders-in-longmenshan-adolescents-after-the-2013-lushan-earthquake
#20
Jiuping Xu, Yan Wang, Wanjie Tang
This study examined the severity of post-traumatic stress and depressive disorders in Longmenshan adolescents after the 2013 Lushan earthquake, as well as relationships among earthquake-related exposure, post-earthquake negative factors, previous exposure to the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake, and level of earthquake impact (city). A cross-sectional survey was conducted among adolescents in Lushan (n = 1416), Baoxing (n = 1102) and Tianquan (n = 1265) at 3 years after the Lushan earthquake. Respondents were evaluated using the Earthquake Experience Scale, the Adolescent Self-rating Life Events Checklist (ASLEC), the Children's Revised Impact of Event Scale (CRIES-13), and the Depression Self-Rating Scale (KADS-6)...
March 6, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
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