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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907850/behavior-problems-in-adolescence-and-subsequent-mental-health-in-early-adulthood-results-from-the-world-trade-center-health-registry-cohort
#1
Lisa M Gargano, Sean Locke, Jiehui Li, Mark R Farfel
BACKGROUND: The present study examined the association between 9/11-related adolescent behavioral problems on mental health outcomes in early adulthood. METHODS: Data from enrollees of the World Trade Center Health Registry, who completed at least one adolescent (2006-2007 or 2011-2012) and adult survey (2011-2012 or 2015-2016), were analyzed. Adolescent behavioral difficulties were assessed using the adolescent-reported Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ)...
June 15, 2018: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890768/changes-in-risk-perception-of-the-health-effects-of-radiation-and-mental-health-status-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#2
Yuriko Suzuki, Yoshitake Takebayashi, Seiji Yasumura, Michio Murakami, Mayumi Harigane, Hirooki Yabe, Tetsuya Ohira, Akira Ohtsuru, Satomi Nakajima, Masaharu Maeda
After the Fukushima nuclear power plant accident, numerous evacuees reported poor mental health status and high-risk perceptions of the health effects of radiation. However, the temporal associations between these variables have not yet been examined. Using data from the Fukushima Health Survey, we examined changes in risk perception of the health effects of radiation over time and assessed the effects of mental health on such changes using logistic regression analysis. Risk perception for delayed effect pertains a brief on health effect in later life (delayed effect), whereas that of genetic effect pertains a brief on health effect of future children and grandchildren (genetic effect)...
June 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881312/women-s-experiences-with-postpartum-anxiety-disorders-a-narrative-literature-review
#3
REVIEW
Elena Ali
Purpose: Postpartum anxiety disorders are common and may have significant consequences for mothers and their children. This review examines the literature on women's experiences with postpartum generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), postpartum panic disorder (PD), obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Methods: MEDLINE (Ovid), CINAHL, PsycINFO, and reference lists were searched. Qualitative and quantitative studies assessing women's experiences with GAD, postpartum PD, OCD, and PTSD were included...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876279/disrupted-grey-matter-network-morphology-in-pediatric-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#4
Running Niu, Du Lei, Fuqin Chen, Ying Chen, Xueling Suo, Lingjiang Li, Su Lui, Xiaoqi Huang, John A Sweeney, Qiyong Gong
Introduction: Disrupted topological organization of brain functional networks has been widely observed in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, the topological organization of the brain grey matter (GM) network has not yet been investigated in pediatric PTSD who was more vulnerable to develop PTSD when exposed to stress. Materials and methods: Twenty two pediatric PTSD patients and 22 matched trauma-exposed controls who survived a massive earthquake (8...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872304/mothers-and-fathers-of-children-with-epilepsy-gender-differences-in-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-and-correlations-with-mood-spectrum-symptoms
#5
Claudia Carmassi, Martina Corsi, Carlo Antonio Bertelloni, Barbara Carpita, Camilla Gesi, Virginia Pedrinelli, Gabriele Massimetti, Diego Giampietro Peroni, Alice Bonuccelli, Alessandro Orsini, Liliana Dell'Osso
Background: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and post-traumatic stress spectrum have been recently applied to understand the impact of life-threatening disease or injury in one's child; nevertheless, scant data are available on a particular chronic illness such as epilepsy whose phenotypic expression is seizures, which are acute, sudden, and unpredictable manifestations. Subjects with bipolar disorders or with mood spectrum symptoms demonstrated to be more vulnerable to develop PTSD in the aftermath of a trauma...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868240/the-relationship-between-parent-mental-health-and-intimate-partner-violence-on-adolescent-behavior-stigma-and-school-attendance-in-families-in-rural-democratic-republic-of-congo
#6
Nancy Glass, Anjalee Kohli, Pamela J Surkan, Mitma Mpanano Remy, Nancy Perrin
Background: Prolonged conflict and economic instability challenge the existing support networks in families and society places significant stress on both adults and adolescents. Exploring individual, family and social factors that increase the likelihood of or protect adolescents from negative outcomes are important to the development of evidence-based prevention and response programing in global settings. Objective: Examine the relationship between parent mental health and experience/perpetration of intimate partner violence (IPV) and adolescent behaviors, stigma, and school attendance...
2018: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861052/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-longmenshan-adolescents-at-three-years-after-the-2013-lushan-earthquake
#7
Jiuping Xu, Yan Wang, Wanjie Tang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and risk factors of probable posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among adolescent survivors of the 2013 Lushan earthquake. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in the Longmenshan thrust fault area at three years after the 2013 earthquake in Lushan, China. Most respondents (60.8%) had also been exposed to the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake. Probable PTSD was identified based on the Children's Revised Impact of Event Scale (CRIES-13), the Adolescent Self-Rating Life Events Checklist and Earthquake Experience Scale...
May 27, 2018: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29805782/posttraumatic-stress-and-depressive-symptoms-in-children-after-the-wenchuan-earthquake
#8
Jin Cheng, YiMing Liang, Lin Fu, ZhengKui Liu
Background: Many studies have reported the comorbidity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression in children. However, the underlying relationship between PTSD and depression remains unclear. Objective: This study examines the relationship between PTSD and depressive symptoms in children who survived the Wenchuan earthquake in China. Methods: In total, 301 children were assessed at four months and then followed up at 29, 40 and 52 months after the disaster. The ages of the children ranged from 9...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791872/gene-expression-in-cord-blood-links-genetic-risk-for-neurodevelopmental-disorders-with-maternal-psychological-distress-and-adverse-childhood-outcomes
#9
Michael S Breen, Aliza P Wingo, Nastassja Koen, Kirsten A Donald, Mark Nicol, Heather J Zar, Kerry J Ressler, Joseph D Buxbaum, Dan J Stein
Prenatal exposure to maternal stress and depression has been identified as a risk factor for adverse behavioral and neurodevelopmental outcomes in early childhood. However, the molecular mechanisms through which maternal psychopathology shapes offspring development remain poorly understood. We applied transcriptome-wide screens to 149 umbilical cord blood samples from neonates born to mothers with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD; n=20), depression (n=31) and PTSD with comorbid depression (n=13), compared to carefully matched trauma exposed controls (n=23) and healthy mothers (n=62)...
May 20, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784233/using-baseline-data-to-predict-chronic-ptsd-48-months-after-mothers-report-intimate-partner-violence-outcomes-for-mothers-and-the-intergenerational-impact-on-child-behavioral-functioning
#10
John Maddoux, Judith McFarlane, Lene Symes, Nina Fredland, Gene Feder
Worldwide one in three women report intimate partner violence. Many of these women report long term mental health problems, especially PTSD, which is associated with negative problem solving, isolation, somatization, depression, and anxiety. Children are impacted by their exposure to domestic violence and experience internal (i.e., depression, anxiety) and external (i.e., hostility, delinquency) behavioral clinical problems. To predict which women will experience chronic PTSD symptoms, a PTSD predictor tool was developed and applied to PTSD symptom scores four years after 300 mothers with children (age 18 months to 16 years) received assistance for the violence...
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779458/predictors-of-housing-instability-in-women-who-have-experienced-intimate-partner-violence
#11
Emily N Adams, Hannah M Clark, Maria M Galano, Sara F Stein, Andrew Grogan-Kaylor, Sandra Graham-Bermann
Although one in four women in the United States experience severe intimate partner violence (IPV) in their lifetimes and are at greater risk for homelessness and housing insecurity than women who have not experienced IPV, the factors increasing the vulnerability of women with an IPV history to housing instability have not been examined. This cross-sectional study utilized baseline data from interviews with 218 IPV-exposed women from diverse ethnoracial backgrounds participating with their children in the Kids' Club and the Mom's Empowerment Program, joint interventions designed to improve outcomes in families who have experienced IPV...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754762/developmental-delay-in-communication-among-toddlers-and-its-relationship-to-caregiving-behavior-among-violence-exposed-posttraumatically-stressed-mothers
#12
R Torrisi, E Arnautovic, V C Pointet Perizzolo, M Vital, A Manini, F Suardi, M Gex-Fabry, S Rusconi Serpa, D S Schechter
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to understand if maternal interpersonal violence-related posttraumatic stress disorder (IPV-PTSD) is associated with delayed language development among very young children ("toddlers"). METHODS: Data were collected from 61 mothers and toddlers (ages 12-42 months, mean age = 25.6 months SD = 8.70). Child expressive and receptive language development was assessed by the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ) communication subscale (ASQCS) that measures language acquisition...
May 10, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734229/understanding-resilience-and-preventing-and-treating-ptsd
#13
Sarah R Horn, Adriana Feder
Resilience is defined as the dynamic ability to adapt successfully in the face of adversity, trauma, or significant threat. Some of the key early studies of resilience were observational studies in children. They were followed by research in adults, studies testing interventions to promote resilience in different populations, and a recent upsurge of studies on the underlying genomic and neurobiological mechanisms. Neural and molecular studies in preclinical models of resilience are also increasingly identifying active stress adaptations in resilient animals...
May 2018: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731158/the-effect-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-on-refugees-parenting-and-their-children-s-mental-health-a-cohort-study
#14
Richard A Bryant, Ben Edwards, Mark Creamer, Meaghan O'Donnell, David Forbes, Kim L Felmingham, Derrick Silove, Zachary Steel, Angela Nickerson, Alexander C McFarlane, Miranda Van Hooff, Dusan Hadzi-Pavlovic
BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents, who account for most of the world's refugees, have an increased prevalence of psychological disorders. The mental health of refugee children is often associated with the severity of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in their caregivers. Despite the potential for refugee caregivers' PTSD to affect child mental health, little evidence exists concerning the underlying mechanisms of this association. This study tested the effect of refugee caregivers' previous trauma and levels of ongoing stressors on current PTSD, and in turn how this influences parenting behaviour and consequent child psychological health...
May 2018: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696072/the-relationship-between-social-support-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-among-youth-exposed-to-a-natural-disaster
#15
Betty S Lai, Melissa C Osborne, Jennifer Piscitello, Shannon Self-Brown, Mary Lou Kelley
Background : Children are a vulnerable population following a natural disaster, due to their age and dependence on adults. The primary presenting problem children report after disasters is posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). Prior research suggests that PTSS is inversely related to social support, which is often disrupted after a disaster. Objective : This study examined the relationship between social support (from parents, teachers, and peers) and PTSS in children affected by Hurricane Katrina. The research contributes to the literature by examining the mechanisms that drive this relationship over time...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695993/the-efficacy-of-eye-movement-desensitization-and-reprocessing-in-children-and-adults-who-have-experienced-complex-childhood-trauma-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#16
Runsen Chen, Amy Gillespie, Yanhui Zhao, Yingjun Xi, Yanping Ren, Loyola McLean
Background: Survivors of complex childhood trauma (CT) such as sexual abuse show poorer outcomes compared to single event trauma survivors. A growing number of studies investigate Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but no systematic reviews have focused on EMDR treatment for CT as an intervention for both adults and children. This study therefore systematically reviewed all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the effect of EMDR on PTSD symptoms in adults and children exposed to CT...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684448/absence-of-fear-renewal-and-functional-connections-between-prefrontal-cortex-and-hippocampus-in-infant-mice
#17
Liyu Li, Xiaoli Gao, Qiang Zhou
Impairment in fear extinction is widely viewed as a major contributor to, or even an underlying mechanism of, the pathogenesis of anxiety disorders and PTSD. Children with traumatic experience have a higher risk for developing anxiety disorders and PTSD in the adult. Little is known about the nature of fear memory extinction and its underlying mechanism during this period. Here we showed that while renewal of fear memory is context-specific in adult mice, it is absent in infant mice (P17). Using local injection of GABAa receptor antagonist picrotoxin, we found that there is no functional connectivity between infralimbic prefrontal cortex and hippocampus in P17 mice, while prefrontal cortex projection to amygdala is functioning...
July 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683375/-developmental-trauma-disorder-dtd-in-children-and-adolescents-results-from-a-patient-population-at-the-special-consultation-hour-for-traumatized-children-and-adolescents
#18
Franka Metzner, Kristina Dahm, Hertha Richter-Appelt, Silke Pawils, Miriam Juliane Moulaa-Edmondson, Kerstin Stellermann-Strehlow
Objective: Children and adolescents who have experienced interpersonal Type-II-trauma often develop symptoms going far beyond the Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Van der Kolk (2009) suggested the Developmental Trauma Disorder (DTD) to define the extensive symptomatology; however, research on DTD is limited. Method: Frequency and group differences of DTD were examined based on physicians’ letters of n = 161 patients between one and 18 years (61 % female) from an out-patient unit for traumatized patients at a paediatric and adolescent psychiatry...
April 23, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679816/poor-mental-health-among-low-income-women-in-the-u-s-the-roles-of-adverse-childhood-and-adult-experiences
#19
Joshua P Mersky, Colleen E Janczewski, Jenna C Nitkowski
RATIONALE: It is well established that exposure to a greater number of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) increases the risk of poor physical and mental health outcomes. Given the predictive validity of ACE scores and other cumulative risk metrics, a similar measurement approach may advance the study of risk in adulthood. OBJECTIVE: We examined the prevalence and interrelations of 10 adverse adult experiences, including household events such as intimate partner violence and extrafamilial events such as crime victimization...
June 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665873/impact-of-paternal-deployment-to-the-conflicts-in-iraq-and-afghanistan-and-paternal-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-on-the-children-of-military-fathers
#20
Nicola T Fear, Ruth V Reed, Sarah Rowe, Howard Burdett, David Pernet, Alyson Mahar, Amy C Iversen, Paul Ramchandani, Alan Stein, Simon Wessely
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the social and emotional well-being of children whose fathers have been deployed to the conflicts in Iraq/Afghanistan or who have post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).AimsTo examine the emotional and behavioural well-being of children whose fathers are or have been in the UK armed forces, in particular the effects of paternal deployment to the conflicts in Iraq or Afghanistan and paternal PTSD. METHOD: Fathers who had taken part in a large tri-service cohort and had children aged 3-16 years were asked about the emotional and behavioural well-being of their child(ren) and assessed for symptoms of PTSD via online questionnaires and telephone interview...
June 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
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