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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448910/assessing-the-mediating-role-of-social-support-in-childhood-maltreatment-and-psychopathology-among-college-students-in-northern-ireland
#1
Susan Lagdon, Jana Ross, Martin Robinson, Ateka A Contractor, Ruby Charak, Cherie Armour
The detrimental impact of early trauma, particularly childhood maltreatment, on mental health is well documented. Although it is understood that social support can act as a protective factor toward mental health for children who experience such adversity, few studies have addressed the experience of childhood maltreatment and the important function of social support in adulthood. The current study aimed to assess the mediating role of social support in the relationship between childhood experiences of maltreatment and mental health outcomes including anxiety, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and problematic alcohol use in a sample of university students ( N = 640) from Northern Ireland...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428880/multiple-traumas-and-resilience-among-street-children-in-haiti-psychopathology-of-survival
#2
Jude Mary Cénat, Daniel Derivois, Martine Hébert, Laetitia Mélissande Amédée, Amira Karray
In Haiti, as in several developing countries, the phenomenon of street children has become a major public health issue. These children are often victims of traumas and adverse life events. This article aimed to investigate traumas experienced by street children and their coping and resilience strategies used to deal with adversities in a logic of survival, relying on a mixed method approach. A group of 176 street children, aged 7-18 (n = 21 girls), recruited in Port-au-Prince, completed measures assessing PTSD, social support and resilience...
February 8, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425292/the-mental-health-of-sons-and-daughters-of-australian-vietnam-veterans
#3
Brian I O'Toole, Mark Dadds, Sue Outram, Stanley V Catts
Background: War service increases the risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) to combatants, and has been shown to increase the risk of PTSD in their offspring. The extent to which there is an excess compared with the general population is not yet established, nor whether PTSD increases the risk of other psychiatric problems. Methods: A national sample of 133 sons and 182 daughters of a cohort of 179 Australian Vietnam veterans' families were assessed in person, using structured psychiatric interviews...
February 7, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407606/family-poly-victimization-and-cyberbullying-among-adolescents-in-a-chinese-school-sample
#4
QiQi Chen, Camilla K M Lo, Yuhong Zhu, Anne Cheung, Ko Ling Chan, Patrick Ip
The sustained increase in their use of social networking facilitates the development of adolescents but comes with the risk of cyberbullying, which creates new challenges in regard to adolescent protection. Past evidence shows that family victimization may play an essential role in the way adolescents learn cyberbullying behaviors. Yet, research on the co-occurrence of family victimization and cyberbullying is limited. This study aims to investigate the associations between cyberbullying and family victimization among adolescents, and to examine the health correlates of cyberbullying and family poly-victimization...
February 1, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407360/bereaved-families-are-still-embittered-after-the-sewol-ferry-accident-in-korea-a-follow-up-study-18-and-30months-after-the-disaster
#5
Ji-Ae Yun, Hyu-Jung Huh, Hye-Sung Han, Seung Huh, Jeong-Ho Chae
INTRODUCTION: The Sewol ferry accident that occurred in April 2014 was one of the most tragic human-made disasters in Korean history. Due to the deaths of hundreds of children, bereaved families likely feel embittered; however, there is little extant research documenting embitterment among those who experienced the disaster. Consequently, we investigated bereaved family members' embitterment and other psychiatric symptoms 18months and 30months after the disaster. METHODS: Data from a cross-sectional survey were obtained 18months (Time 1) and 30months (Time 2) after the disaster...
January 2, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405467/parent-discrepancies-in-ratings-of-child-behaviors-following-wartime-deployment
#6
Ashley A Chesmore, Yaliu He, Na Zhang, Abigail H Gewirtz
Researchers have shown that parents often disagree in their ratings of their children's behavior, and that these discrepancies are typically related to child and family characteristics (e.g., child's age, parent psychopathology). Few studies, however, have examined discrepancies in how mothers and fathers rate child behavior during a stressful family context such as a parent's wartime deployment. The present study of 174 military families (children aged 6 to 11 years; 54.0% female) examined whether family factors (parental sense of control, marital satisfaction) and contextual risk factors related to a parent's wartime deployment (number and length of deployments, battle experiences, and posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD] symptoms) were associated with discrepancies in how mothers and fathers rated internalizing and externalizing behaviors in their children...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393838/psychometrics-of-the-ptsd-and-depression-screener-for-bereaved-youth
#7
Elissa J Brown, Robin F Goodman, Shira F Ritholtz, Carole C Swiecicki
Interventions for bereaved children and families range from supportive counseling, designed to promote social connectedness and expression of feelings and thoughts about the deceased, to intensive trauma/grief-specific therapy, designed to ameliorate symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. That said, professionals have few brief assessment instruments to match response and functioning to appropriate interventions. To expedite the screening and referral process for bereaved families, Brown, Goodman, and Swiecicki ( 2008 ) developed the PTSD and Depression Screener for Bereaved Youth, a 19-item measure of bereavement-related history and symptoms of PTSD and depression...
February 2, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388703/gender-differences-in-neurocognitive-performance-among-children-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#8
Shira Segev, Maayan Shorer, Tammy Pilowsky Peleg, Alan Apter, Silvana Fennig, Yuri Rassovsky
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) are frequent sequelae after motor vehicle accidents (MVAs). These two pathologies often have overlapping neurocognitive deficits across several domains, such as attention, memory, and executive functions. The present study was an effort to examine the contribution of gender to these overlapping symptoms. To this end, psychodiagnostic and neuropsychological data were collected on 61 children and adolescents 3 months following MVA. All participants were diagnosed with PTSD, and about half (n = 33) also received a diagnosis of mTBI...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380069/emotion-regulation-difficulties-in-traumatized-youth-a-meta-analysis-and-conceptual-review
#9
L Villalta, P Smith, N Hickin, A Stringaris
This article provides a quantitative and conceptual review of emotion regulation difficulties in trauma-exposed young people, and informs future directions in the field. Despite long-standing interest in the influence of emotion regulation difficulties on different internalizing and externalizing psychiatric disorders in childhood, several questions remain unresolved with respect to children and adolescents with PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder). Meta-analytic data from adult victims suggest that emotion regulation problems are associated with PTSD, but this has never been studied in children and young people...
January 27, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372012/the-treatment-of-ptsd-in-an-older-adult-norwegian-woman-using-narrative-exposure-therapy-a-case-report
#10
Nina Mørkved, Steven R Thorp
The bulk of the literature on effective treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has focused on children, adolescents, and young adults. The evidence on treatments for older adults is sparse. This case report presents the application of narrative exposure therapy (NET) for a 70-year-old Norwegian woman suffering from PTSD as a result of multiple childhood and late life traumatic events. NET is a manualized, short-term, cognitive-behavioural therapy for PTSD, originally developed to meet the needs of survivors of war and organized violence...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367097/children-s-trauma-related-symptoms-following-complex-trauma-exposure-evidence-of-gender-differences
#11
Rachel Wamser-Nanney, Kathryn E Cherry
Complex trauma exposure has been operationalized as multiple or chronic interpersonal traumas that begin early in life and is thought to result in widespread self-regulation difficulties across several domains of functioning. Prior research has demonstrated that there are gender differences in trauma exposure as well as trauma-related symptoms; however, gender discrepancies have not previously been examined in the context of child survivors of complex trauma. The aim of the present study was to determine whether there are gender differences in both caregiver and child-reported trauma exposure and symptoms among 167 children who have experienced complex trauma (3-18 years, M = 9...
January 19, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364750/ptsd-latent-classes-and-class-transitions-predicted-by-distress-and-fear-disorders-in-disaster-exposed-adolescents
#12
Xing Cao, Li Wang, Chengqi Cao, Jianxin Zhang, Jon D Elhai
This study aimed to determine the population-based typologies of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology, the longitudinal patterns of transitions across these typologies, and the predictive effects of distress and fear disorder symptoms on these transitions in a frequently referred but scantly studied population of traumatized youth. A sample of 1,278 Chinese adolescents (54.0% girls) with a mean age of 13.4 years (SD = 0.8, range = 12-16) completed 2-wave surveys 2.5 and 3.5 years after a major disaster...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363482/validation-of-the-child-ptsd-symptom-scale-cpss-in-spanish-adolescents
#13
Elena R Serrano-Ibáñez, Gema T Ruiz-Párraga, Rosa Esteve, Carmen Ramírez-Maestre, Alicia E López-Martínez
BACKGROUND: One of the most frequently used instruments to assess posttraumatic stress in children and adolescents is the Child PTSD Symptom Scale. However, there has been limited evaluation of its construct validity in the Spanish language despite Spanish being one of the most widely spoken languages in the world. OBJECTIVE: To provide data on the psychometric properties of the CPSS in a sample of Spanish adolescents, to establish the internal consistency of the measure, and to examine its criterion validity...
February 2018: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362489/genetic-variant-in-cacna1c-is-associated-with-ptsd-in-traumatized-police-officers
#14
Izabela M Krzyzewska, Judith B M Ensink, Laura Nawijn, Adri N Mul, Saskia B Koch, Andrea Venema, Vinod Shankar, Jessie L Frijling, Dirk J Veltman, Ramon J L Lindauer, Miranda Olff, Marcel M A M Mannens, Mirjam van Zuiden, Peter Henneman
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating psychiatric disorder that may develop after a traumatic event. Here we aimed to identify epigenetic and genetic loci associated with PTSD. We included 73 traumatized police officers with extreme phenotypes regarding symptom severity despite similar trauma history: n = 34 had PTSD and n = 39 had minimal PTSD symptoms. Epigenetic and genetic profiles were based on the Illumina HumanMethylation450 BeadChip. We searched for differentially methylated probes (DMPs) and differentially methylated regions (DMRs)...
January 23, 2018: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358121/psychological-and-physical-intimate-partner-violence-and-young-children-s-mental-health-the-role-of-maternal-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-parenting-behaviors
#15
Carolyn A Greene, Grace Chan, Kimberly J McCarthy, Lauren S Wakschlag, Margaret J Briggs-Gowan
Young children are at significant risk of exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV), and vulnerable to exposure-related psychopathology, yet few studies investigate the effects of exposure to IPV on children under the age of 5 years. The current study investigated the role of maternal PTSD symptoms and parenting strategies in the relationship between mothers' IPV experiences and psychopathology in their young children, ages 3-6 years in a community-based cohort of 308 mother-child dyads at high risk for family violence...
January 19, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349946/validation-study-of-a-korean-version-of-the-abbreviated-university-of-california-los-angeles-ptsd-reaction-index-abb-ucla-ptsd-ri-for-adolescents
#16
Tae Ho Kim, Doug Hyun Han, Seo Koo Yoo, Jung Jae Lee, Ji Eun Kim, Un Sun Chung
BACKGROUND: We aimed to verify a Korean version of the Abbreviated University of California, Los Angeles, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Reaction Index (Abb-UCLA-PTSD RI-Korean version) among Korean adolescents to assess post-traumatic stress in this population. METHODS: We recruited 1,254 adolescents who completed the Abb-UCLA-PTSD RI-Korean version scale, the Child Report of Post-Traumatic Symptoms (CROPS), the Lifetime Incidence of Traumatic Events (LITE), and the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI)...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349221/women-at-war-the-crucible-of-vietnam
#17
Anica Pless Kaiser, Daniel H Kabat, Avron Spiro, Eve H Davison, Jeanne Mager Stellman
Relatively little has been written about the military women who served in Vietnam, and there is virtually no literature on deployed civilian women (non-military). We examined the experiences of 1285 American women, military and civilian, who served in Vietnam during the war and responded to a mail survey conducted approximately 25 years later in which they were asked to report and reflect upon their experiences and social and health histories. We compare civilian women, primarily American Red Cross workers, to military women stratified by length of service, describe their demographic characteristics and warzone experiences (including working conditions, exposure to casualties and sexual harassment), and their homecoming following Vietnam...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327312/examining-the-prospective-relationship-between-pre-disaster-respiratory-sinus-arrhythmia-and-post-disaster-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-in-children
#18
Amy J Mikolajewski, Michael S Scheeringa
Previous studies have examined the concurrent relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and a range of psychophysiological variables, including respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA). However, there is a lack of research examining the prospective development of trauma symptomatology, and the directionality of the association between RSA level and PTSD has yet to be determined. The current study is the first prospective study to examine whether RSA level and RSA reactivity are risk factors for PTSD symptoms in children...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327258/mental-health-problems-of-syrian-refugee-children-the-role-of-parental-factors
#19
Seyda Eruyar, John Maltby, Panos Vostanis
War-torn children are particularly vulnerable through direct trauma exposure as well through their parents' responses. This study thus investigated the association between trauma exposure and children's mental health, and the contribution of parent-related factors in this association. A cross-sectional study with 263 Syrian refugee children-parent dyads was conducted in Turkey. The Stressful Life Events Questionnaire (SLE), General Health Questionnaire, Parenting Stress Inventory (PSI-SF), Impact of Events Scale for Children (CRIES-8), and Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire were used to measure trauma exposure, parental psychopathology, parenting-related stress, children's post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), and mental health problems, respectively...
January 11, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303800/prescribing-trends-of-atypical-antipsychotic-drugs-in-an-outpatient-unit-of-a-child-and-adolescent-clinic-in-turkey
#20
Çiğdem Yektaş, Ali Evren Tufan
OBJECTIVE: Use of antipsychotic agents in the management of various psychopathologies in Child and Adolescent Psychiatric practice is gradually increasing. This study aimed to evaluate the sociodemographic and clinical features of children and adolescents who applied to an outpatient clinic of child and adolescent psychiatry department in Turkey and were prescribed atypical antipsychotics. METHOD: Patients with prescription codes of ATC N05A (except N05AN lithium) were accepted to denote those with atypical antipsychotic treatment...
January 5, 2018: Clinical Neuropharmacology
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