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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333525/a-potential-psychological-mechanism-linking-disaster-related-prenatal-maternal-stress-with-child-cognitive-and-motor-development-at-16-months-the-qf2011-queensland-flood-study
#1
Katrina M Moss, Gabrielle Simcock, Vanessa Cobham, Sue Kildea, Guillaume Elgbeili, David P Laplante, Suzanne King
Fetal exposure to prenatal maternal stress can have lifelong consequences, with different types of maternal stress associated with different areas of child development. Fewer studies have focused on motor skills, even though they are strongly predictive of later development across a range of domains. Research on mechanisms of transmission has identified biological cascades of stress reactions, yet links between psychological stress reactions are rarely studied. This study investigates the relationship between different aspects of disaster-related prenatal maternal stress and child cognitive and motor development, and proposes a cascade of stress reactions as a potential mechanism of transmission...
April 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304267/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-and-family-functioning-in-adult-children-facing-parental-cancer-a-comparison-study
#2
Ricardo J Teixeira, M Graça Pereira
This study analyzed posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and family functioning in a sample of adult children caregivers of cancer patients and in a group of adult children of nonchronically ill parents. Participants completed measures of family functioning and PTSD symptoms. The parental cancer group was subdivided into PTSD subgroups, and significant differences, on family functioning, were found. In the parental cancer group, the predictors of PTSD symptoms were being a woman and having an enmeshed or chaotic family functioning...
August 1, 2016: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299783/testing-a-military-family-stress-model
#3
Abigail H Gewirtz, David S DeGarmo, Osnat Zamir
The current study examines a military family stress model, evaluating associations between deployment-related stressors (i.e., deployment length/number, posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD] symptoms) and parent, child, parenting, and dyadic adjustment among families in which a parent had previously deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan in the recent conflicts. Married families (N = 293) with at least one child between the ages of 4 and 12 were recruited from a Midwestern state. Service members were from the Reserve Component (National Guard or Reserves); fathers (N = 253) and/or mothers had deployed (N = 45) to the recent conflicts in the Middle East...
March 15, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293983/trajectories-and-risk-factors-for-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-following-pediatric-concussion
#4
Katherine Truss, Celia Godfrey, Michael Takagi, Franz Babl, Silvia Bressan, Stephen J C Hearps, Cathriona Clarke, Kevin Dunne, Vicki Anderson
A substantial minority of children experience posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) following injury. Research indicates variation in the trajectory of PTSS following pediatric injury, but investigation of PTSS following concussion has assumed homogeneity. This study aimed to identify differential trajectories of PTSS following pediatric concussion and to investigate risk-factors, including acute post-concussive symptoms (PCS), associated with these trajectories. 120 children aged 8-18 years reported PTSS for 3 months following concussion diagnosis using the Child PTSD Symptom Scale, with a score of 16 or above indicating probable PTSD diagnosis...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281921/lateralization-of-neurobiological-response-in-adolescents-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-related-to-severe-childhood-sexual-abuse-the-tri-modal-reaction-t-mr-model-of-protection
#5
Tuba Mutluer, Vedat Şar, Çiğdem Kose-Demiray, Harun Arslan, Sibel Tamer, Serap Inal, Anıl Ş Kaçar
This study inquires into neurobiological response to stress and its clinical correlates among adolescents with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measures of cerebral anatomy were carried out on 23 female adolescents with PTSD related to severe childhood sexual abuse and 21 matched healthy controls. Clinician Administered PTSD Scale for Children and Adolescents, Adolescent Dissociative Experiences Scale, Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Age Children, Beck Depression Scale and a set of neuro-cognitive tests were administered to all participants...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279864/prevalence-and-determinants-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-anxiety-and-depression-symptoms-in-street-children-survivors-of-the-2010-earthquake-in-haiti-four-years-after
#6
Daniel Derivois, Jude Mary Cénat, Nephtalie Eva Joseph, Amira Karray, Khadija Chahraoui
Working with street children and adolescents who lived through the 2010 earthquake in Port-au-Prince, this paper aims to assess the prevalence of symptoms of PTSD, anxiety and depression in relation to peritraumatic distress, and age, and to explore other risk factors and socio-demographic characteristics, four years after the events. Between March and June 2014, with a sample of 128 children and adolescents (120 boys and 8 girls) aged between 7 and 18, of an average age of 13.88 (SD=2.15), all living on the streets of Port-au-Prince, we used the following scales: the Trauma Exposure (TE), the Life Events Subscale of the CAPS; the Peritraumatic Distress Inventory (PDI); the Children's Revised Impact of Event Scale (CRIES-13) and the Children Depression Inventory (CDI); (BAI)...
March 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277715/predicting-domestic-and-community-violence-by-soldiers-living-in-a-conflict-region
#7
Corina Nandi, Thomas Elbert, Manassé Bambonye, Roland Weierstall, Manfred Reichert, Anja Zeller, Anselm Crombach
OBJECTIVE: Past research revealed war trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms as potential predictors for domestic and community violence in crisis regions and among soldiers in different armed conflicts. The impact of family violence and other adversities experienced in childhood as well as of a combat-enhanced appeal for aggressive behavior (appetitive aggression) remains to be specified. METHOD: In the present study, the authors separately predicted violence against children, intimate partner violence and community violence in 381 Burundian soldiers returning from foreign deployment and living in a post- conflict region...
March 9, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243582/medically-related-post-traumatic-stress-in-children-and-adolescents-with-congenital-heart-defects
#8
REVIEW
Maya G Meentken, Ingrid M van Beynum, Jeroen S Legerstee, Willem A Helbing, Elisabeth M W J Utens
Children and adolescents with a congenital heart defect (ConHD) frequently undergo painful or frightening medical procedures and hospitalizations. They often need multiple invasive procedures at a very young age and require regular checkups during their entire life. From other pediatric populations, it is known that these kinds of experiences can result in acute stress reactions and even in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the long-term. PTSD and also subthreshold PTSD can lead to serious (psychosocial) impairment...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242366/maternal-support-following-childhood-sexual-abuse-links-to-parent-reported-children-s-outcomes
#9
Rachel Wamser-Nanney
Maternal support is touted to play a critical role in predicting children's symptom trajectories following sexual abuse disclosure. Yet, a recent meta-analysis indicates that this widely held belief may actually have limited empirical support. The lack of correspondence between maternal support and children's symptoms may be the result of the limitations of the prior literature including the use of maternal support measures with inadequate psychometric properties. The aim of the present study was to utilize the only published measure with sufficient psychometrics properties, the Maternal Self-Report Support Questionnaire (MSSQ; Smith et al...
February 24, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196348/investigation-of-implicit-avoidance-of-displacement-related-stimuli-in-offspring-of-trauma-exposed-forcibly-displaced-individuals
#10
Charlotte E Wittekind, Christoph Muhtz, Steffen Moritz, Lena Jelinek
There is an ongoing debate as to whether traumatization also affects the close relatives of trauma survivors who have symptoms of PTSD. Although many studies provide evidence favoring a transgenerational transmission, other studies have not found evidence to support this idea. The present study examined whether adult offspring of individuals exposed to trauma during forced displacement with (n=22) and without PTSD (n=24) exhibit an implicit avoidance of stimuli related to the parental trauma compared to children of non-trauma exposed control participants (n=23) using an Approach-Avoidance task (AAT)...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170306/evaluating-diagnostic-and-statistical-manual-of-mental-disorders-fifth-edition-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-diagnostic-criteria-in-older-children-and-adolescents
#11
Amy J Mikolajewski, Michael S Scheeringa, Carl F Weems
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have assessed how the diagnostic criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) apply to older children and adolescents. With the introduction of a new, developmentally sensitive set of criteria for very young children (age 6 years and younger) in Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition (DSM-5), this raises new questions about the validity of the criteria for older children and adolescents. The current study investigated how diagnostic changes in DSM-5 impact diagnosis rates in 7-18-year olds...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161655/improvements-in-personal-resiliency-among-youth-who-have-completed-trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-a-preliminary-examination
#12
Esther Deblinger, Elisabeth Pollio, Melissa K Runyon, Robert A Steer
This preliminary investigation assessed whether different aspects of personal resiliency improved for youth (7-17 years old) impacted by child sexual abuse (CSA) after completing trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT). The Resiliency Scales for Children and Adolescents (RSCA; Prince-Embury, 2007) were administered to 157 youth before and after participating in TF-CBT with their nonoffending caregivers. Hierarchal regression analyses were performed to ascertain whether pretest RSCA resiliency scores moderated decreases in the posttraumatic stress and self-reported depressive symptoms at posttreatment...
March 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153930/psychological-interventions-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-depression-in-young-survivors-of-mass-violence-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Nexhmedin Morina, Mina Malek, Angela Nickerson, Richard A Bryant
BACKGROUND: The majority of survivors of mass violence live in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). AIMS: To synthesise empirical findings for psychological interventions for children and adolescents with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and/or depression in LMICs affected by mass violence. METHOD: Randomised controlled trials with children and adolescents with symptoms of PTSD and/or depression in LMICs were identified. Overall, 21 812 records were found through July 2016 in the Medline, PsycINFO and PILOTS databases; 21 met the inclusion criteria and were reviewed according to recommended guidelines...
February 2, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135019/acute-stress-disorder-and-the-transition-to-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-prevalence-course-prognosis-diagnostic-suitability-and-risk-markers
#14
Richard Meiser-Stedman, Anna McKinnon, Clare Dixon, Adrian Boyle, Patrick Smith, Tim Dalgleish
BACKGROUND: Early recovery from trauma exposure in youth is poorly understood. This prospective longitudinal study examined the early course of traumatic stress responses in recently trauma-exposed youth, evaluated the revised DSM-5 acute stress disorder (ASD) and PTSD diagnoses and alternative diagnoses, and identified risk factors for persistent traumatic stress. METHOD: Participants were 8- to 17-year-old emergency departments attendees exposed to single incident traumas...
January 30, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116741/comorbid-psychiatric-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-with-nocturnal-enuresis
#15
Shahrokh Amiri, Ali Reza Shafiee-Kandjani, Roghayeh Naghinezhad, Sara Farhang, Salman Abdi
PURPOSE: The present study was conducted with the aim of identifying the frequency of comorbid psychiatricdisorders in children and adolescents with nocturnal enuresis (NE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this descriptive-analytical study, 183 children and adolescents aged 5-18 years withNE referred to psychiatric clinics at Tabriz University of Medical Sciences were selected in 2015. A structuredclinical diagnostic interview, the kiddie-schedule for affective disorders and schizophrenia (K-SADS), was employedbased on the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-IV-TR) for the diagnosis of NEand comorbid psychiatric disorders...
January 18, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110675/evidence-based-training-in-the-era-of-evidence-based-practice-challenges-and-opportunities-for-training-of-ptsd-providers
#16
Raymond C Rosen, Josef I Ruzek, Bradley E Karlin
There is a pressing global need for trained and competent mental health clinicians to deliver evidence-based psychological therapies to millions of trauma survivors in need of care. Three model, large-scale training programs were initiated a decade ago, one in the United Kingdom (U.K.), and two in the United States (U.S.), to disseminate high-quality, evidence-based psychological care to traumatized children and adults in need of assistance. Milestone contributions to implementation science have been made by each of these training programs, although limitations and challenges remain to be considered...
January 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104064/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-parents-of-children-with-cancer-in-jordan
#17
Rami Masa'deh, Samiha Jarrah
AIM: To investigate levels of post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) of those parenting children with cancer and make a comparison between mothers and fathers. BACKGROUND: Parenting a child with cancer is traumatic. Maternal and paternal roles and responsibilities change after the cancer diagnosis of their child, adding more stress to the lives of all concerned. The gender of the parent may have an effect on their PTSD. However, there is a lack of studies in Arabic countries on the differences between parents in their PTSD levels...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103414/a-meta-analysis-of-the-association-between-appraisals-of-trauma-and-posttraumatic-stress-in-children-and-adolescents
#18
Ryan Mitchell, Kate Brennan, David Curran, Donncha Hanna, Kevin F W Dyer
Cognitive models of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) place an emphasis on the role of negative appraisals of traumatic events. It is suggested that the way in which the event is appraised determines the extent to which posttraumatic stress symptoms will be experienced. Therefore, a strong relationship between trauma appraisals and symptoms of PTSD might be expected. However, this relationship is not as firmly established in the child and adolescent literature. A systematic literature review of this relationship returned 467 publications, of which 11 met full eligibility criteria...
February 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097985/cognitive-therapy-effective-early-treatment-for-children-with-ptsd
#19
(no author information available yet)
Cognitive therapy can be an effective treatment for children and adolescents with post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), new study results suggest.
January 18, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032331/intergenerational-transmission-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-australian-vietnam-veterans-families
#20
B I O'Toole, M J Burton, A Rothwell, S Outram, M Dadds, S V Catts
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between parental post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and offspring PTSD and its specificity for other disorders in a non-clinical epidemiological cohort of Australian Vietnam veterans, their partners and their sons and daughters. METHOD: Veterans were interviewed twice, in 1992-1994 and 2005-2006; partners were interviewed in 2006-2007, and their offspring in 2012-2014. A total of 125 sons and 168 daughters were interviewed from 197 families, 137 of which also included partners who were the mothers of the children...
December 28, 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
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