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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713306/parenting-with-ptsd-a-review-of-research-on-the-influence-of-ptsd-on-parent-child-functioning-in-military-and-veteran-families
#1
REVIEW
Suzannah K Creech, Gabriela Misca
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is strongly associated with exposure to war related trauma in military and veteran populations. In growing recognition that PTSD may influence and be influenced by social support and family systems, research has begun to explore the effects that war related trauma and the ensuing PTSD may have on varied aspects of close relationship and family functioning. Far less research, however, has examined the influence of war-related PTSD on parent-child functioning in this population...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700042/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-serious-post-earthquake-complication
#2
Mudassir Farooqui, Syed A Quadri, Sajid S Suriya, Muhammad Adnan Khan, Muhammad Ovais, Zohaib Sohail, Samra Shoaib, Hassaan Tohid, Muhammad Hassan
Objectives: Earthquakes are unpredictable and devastating natural disasters. They can cause massive destruction and loss of life and survivors may suffer psychological symptoms of severe intensity. Our goal in this article is to review studies published in the last 20 years to compile what is known about posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) occurring after earthquakes. The review also describes other psychiatric complications that can be associated with earthquakes, to provide readers with better overall understanding, and discusses several sociodemographic factors that can be associated with post-earthquake PTSD...
April 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698828/a-case-of-pediatric-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-presenting-as-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-case-report
#3
Muhammad A Tahir, Nida R Gujar, Nusrat Jahan
In the past few years, there has been increased recognition that children, who have faced traumatic incidences, can develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), just like in adults. We present a case of PTSD in a 6-year-old child who endured three surgical procedures because he was suffering from a congenital cranial stenosis (Pfeiffer) syndrome. Because of repetitive painful episodes, resulting from the syndrome, and then post-surgical complications, the child developed behavioral outbursts, hypervigilence, concentration problems, and irritability...
May 10, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689495/machine-learning-methods-to-predict-child-posttraumatic-stress-a-proof-of-concept-study
#4
Glenn N Saxe, Sisi Ma, Jiwen Ren, Constantin Aliferis
BACKGROUND: The care of traumatized children would benefit significantly from accurate predictive models for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), using information available around the time of trauma. Machine Learning (ML) computational methods have yielded strong results in recent applications across many diseases and data types, yet they have not been previously applied to childhood PTSD. Since these methods have not been applied to this complex and debilitating disorder, there is a great deal that remains to be learned about their application...
July 10, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683373/caregivers-abuse-stigmatization-and-their-views-of-mental-health-treatment-following-child-sexual-abuse
#5
Valerie A Simon, Douglas Barnett, Erin Smith, Lilia Mucka, Deborah Willis
Many families do not utilize mental health services after the discovery of child sexual abuse (CSA), even when trauma-focused treatments are offered at low or no cost. Non-offending caregivers frequently serve as gatekeepers to youths' treatment, and their reactions to CSA may figure into decisions about treatment engagement. The current study examined caregivers' abuse stigmatization (i.e., self-blame and shame about their children's CSA) and associations with two factors predictive of treatment engagement (motivation, obstacles)...
July 3, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681356/the-impact-of-natural-disasters-on-youth-a-focus-on-emerging-research-beyond-internalizing-disorders
#6
REVIEW
Shannon Self-Brown, Betty Lai, Alexandria Patterson, Theresa Glasheen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This paper reviews youth outcomes following exposure to natural disaster, with a focus on three relatively understudied outcomes: externalizing behavior problems, physical health, and posttraumatic growth. Recent, high-impact studies focusing on each outcome are summarized. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies highlighted in this review utilize innovative and comprehensive approaches to improve our current understanding of youth broad-based physical and mental health outcomes beyond PTSD...
August 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681149/young-children-s-physiological-reactivity-during-memory-recall-associations-with-posttraumatic-stress-and-parent-physiological-synchrony
#7
Sarah A O Gray, Rebecca S Lipschutz, Mike S Scheeringa
Autonomic reactivity is implicated in stress response and social engagement - both key components of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) - but few studies have examined autonomic reactivity in pediatric samples, and no known studies have examined physiological synchrony among children with PTSD and caregivers. In a sample of 247 young children (94 girls, 153 boys), most (85%) of whom had exposure to trauma and 40% who met criteria for PTSD, we examined children's patterns of respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) at baseline and in response to a memory recall task, as well as correspondence between parents' and children's RSA...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669316/screening-for-ptsd-symptoms-in-unaccompanied-refugee-minors-a-test-of-the-cries-8-questionnaire-in-routine-care
#8
Raziye Salari, Cariz Malekian, Linda Linck, Robert Kristiansson, Anna Sarkadi
AIMS: The dramatic increase in the number of refugees in Europe presents a major public health challenge. The limited existing evidence indicates that the mental health needs of refugees are significant; unaccompanied refugee minors (URMs) constitute a particularly vulnerable group. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether a short questionnaire (Children's Revised Impact of Event Scale; CRIES-8) could be used as a screening tool for PTSD symptoms in URMs, 8-18 years old, during their routine health check-up...
June 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660669/comparison-of-eye-movement-desensitization-and-reprocessing-therapy-cognitive-behavioral-writing-therapy-and-wait-list-in-pediatric-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-following-single-incident-trauma-a-multicenter-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Carlijn de Roos, Saskia van der Oord, Bonne Zijlstra, Sacha Lucassen, Sean Perrin, Paul Emmelkamp, Ad de Jongh
BACKGROUND: Practice guidelines for childhood posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) recommend trauma-focused psychotherapies, mainly cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy is a brief trauma-focused, evidence-based treatment for PTSD in adults, but with few well-designed trials involving children and adolescents. METHODS: We conducted a single-blind, randomized trial with three arms (n = 103): EMDR (n = 43), Cognitive Behavior Writing Therapy (CBWT; n = 42), and wait-list (WL; n = 18)...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620914/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-the-siblings-of-the-pediatric-bone-marrow-transplantation-survivors-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-their-mothers
#10
Özge Gizli Çoban, Aslı Sürer Adanır, Esin Özatalay
Although BMT is lifesaving in many childhood diseases, it was found to be related to anxiety, depression, and PTSD in parents, and PTSD, anxiety and overall low self-esteem in siblings. Research on siblings' HRQoL is limited. The aim of this study was to investigate PTSD and HRQoL in siblings (donor and non-donor) of pediatric BMT survivors and PTSD in their mothers, compared to the healthy controls. Thirty-five siblings and their mothers and 35 healthy peers and their mothers were recruited as the study group and as the comparison group, respectively...
June 15, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619857/pediatric-ptsd-in-the-dsm-5-and-the-forensic-interview-of-traumatized-youth
#11
Frank K Tedeschi, Stephen B Billick
Since the Third Edition, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) has increasingly incorporated developmentally informed criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) because of recognition that children and adolescents can manifest PTSD differently from adults. The most recent edition, DSM-5, among other changes, has introduced a developmental subtype for children six years of age or younger. As pediatric PTSD features very prominently in both civil and criminal proceedings, it is vital that the expert witness be familiar with the updated criteria and know how to interview traumatized youth appropriately in the forensic setting...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619856/childhood-trauma-ptsd-and-the-cautious-forensic-expert
#12
Lance Amols, Spencer Eth
For centuries, medicine and psychiatry mirrored society's equivocations regarding childhood trauma. Those conflicts have mostly resolved, with widespread agreement that children are commonly exposed to traumatic events that may lead to PTSD and other mental conditions. The psychiatric and legal arguments should no longer be about the reality of childhood trauma in general; instead, experts should focus on the methodology of translating a particular child's narrative truth of maltreatment into a historical account, so that the expert can be qualified to offer criminal or civil court testimony after examining the child...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619855/pediatric-ptsd-clinical-forensic-and-diagnostic-understanding
#13
Frank K Tedeschi, Stephen B Billick
Exposure to trauma is a common event in the lives of children and adolescents living in the United States. Although a minority of youth develop full posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after a traumatic event, those who do tend to have an extended course of symptoms in multiple functional domains and higher rates of psychiatric comorbidities. Pediatric PTSD can play an important role in legal settings, and requires that an expert witness be well versed in advances in clinical and conceptual models of this diagnosis and familiar with current research devoted to the posttraumatic response in youth...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613013/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-among-mothers-whose-children-underwent-oncological-surgery
#14
Kıvılcım Karadeniz Cerit, Cem Cerit, Ömer Nart, Nurşah Eker, Gürsu Kıyan, Tolga Dağlı, Gülşen Ekingen, Gülnur Tokuç, Ömer Karaca, Funda Çorapçıoğlu
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the rate of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and associated risk factors among mothers whose children underwent oncological surgery. METHOD: This cross-sectional, multi-center study included a total of 60 mothers whose children underwent major thoracoabdominal surgery and were under the follow-up in the outpatient setting between February 2016 and May 2016. Clinical Data Form, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and Clinician-Administered PTSD scale (CAPS) were used...
June 14, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593599/behavioral-symptoms-of-reported-abuse-in-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-inpatient-settings
#15
Jamie Brenner, Zhaoxing Pan, Carla Mazefsky, Kahsi A Smith, Robin Gabriels
The objective of this study was to examine how behavioral manifestations of trauma due to abuse are expressed in youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) compared outcomes between patients with a caregiver reported history of abuse and those without. Findings indicate that patients with ASD and reported abuse (i.e. physical, sexual, and/or emotional) have more intrusive thoughts, distressing memories, loss of interest, irritability, and lethargy than those without reported maltreatment...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557594/inhalant-use-and-mental-health-problems-in-russian-juvenile-delinquents
#16
Linnea Zachrison, Vladislav Ruchkin, Andrew Stickley, Roman Koposov
BACKGROUND: Inhalant use by children and adolescents has been linked to an increased risk of multiple drug use, mental health problems and antisocial behavior. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the association between the frequency of inhalant use and psychiatric diagnoses among incarcerated delinquent youths in Russia. METHODS: A total of 370 incarcerated delinquents from a juvenile correction center in Northern Russia were assessed by means of a semi-structured psychiatric interview and by self-reports...
May 30, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535839/separation-from-parents-during-childhood-trauma-predicts-adult-attachment-security-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#17
R A Bryant, M Creamer, M O'Donnell, D Forbes, K L Felmingham, D Silove, G Malhi, M van Hoof, A C McFarlane, A Nickerson
BACKGROUND: Prolonged separation from parental support is a risk factor for psychopathology. This study assessed the impact of brief separation from parents during childhood trauma on adult attachment tendencies and post-traumatic stress. METHOD: Children (n = 806) exposed to a major Australian bushfire disaster in 1983 and matched controls (n = 725) were assessed in the aftermath of the fires (mean age 7-8 years) via parent reports of trauma exposure and separation from parents during the fires...
May 24, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534295/addressing-the-needs-of-preschool-children-in-the-context-of-disasters-and-terrorism-clinical-pictures-and-moderating-factors
#18
REVIEW
Daniel Hamiel, Leo Wolmer, Lee Pardo-Aviv, Nathaniel Laor
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This paper surveys the existent theoretical and research literature regarding the needs of preschool children in the context of disasters and terrorism with the aim of understanding (a) the consequences of such events for young children and (b) the main moderating variables influencing the event-consequence association to learn how to enhance their resilience. RECENT FINDINGS: Consequences include a variety of emotional, behavioral, and biological outcomes...
July 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530432/posttraumatic-stress-symptom-severity-and-health-service-utilization-in-trauma-exposed-parents
#19
Emma J Thompson, Vicki A Anderson, Stephen J C Hearps, Maria C McCarthy, Cathrine Mihalopoulos, Jan M Nicholson, Meredith Rayner, Frank Muscara
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSSs) are common for parents of children with life-threatening illnesses or injuries. The impact of these psychological sequelae on parents' personal use of health services is unknown. The present study aimed to investigate whether PTSS severity prospectively predicts increased health service utilization (HSU), and to examine the relative importance of other predisposing and enabling factors in predicting HSU...
May 22, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527907/behavioral-and-cognitive-impact-of-early-life-stress-insights-from-an-animal-model
#20
Hesong Liu, Fatin Atrooz, Ankita Salvi, Samina Salim
BACKGROUND: Children subjected to traumatic events during childhood are reported to exhibit behavioral and cognitive deficits later in life, often leading to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depression. Interestingly, some children continue to remain normal despite being exposed to the same risk factors. These trauma-related behavioral and cognitive profiles across different stages of life are not well understood. Animal studies can offer useful insights. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to determine the impact of early life exposure to traumatic events on behavioral and cognitive profile in rats by tracking the behavior of each rat at different ages...
August 1, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
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