keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

PTSD children

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097985/cognitive-therapy-effective-early-treatment-for-children-with-ptsd
#1
(no author information available yet)
Cognitive therapy can be an effective treatment for children and adolescents with post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), new study results suggest.
January 18, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032331/intergenerational-transmission-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-australian-vietnam-veterans-families
#2
B I O'Toole, M J Burton, A Rothwell, S Outram, M Dadds, S V Catts
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between parental post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and offspring PTSD and its specificity for other disorders in a non-clinical epidemiological cohort of Australian Vietnam veterans, their partners and their sons and daughters. METHOD: Veterans were interviewed twice, in 1992-1994 and 2005-2006; partners were interviewed in 2006-2007, and their offspring in 2012-2014. A total of 125 sons and 168 daughters were interviewed from 197 families, 137 of which also included partners who were the mothers of the children...
December 28, 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017839/association-of-trauma-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-conduct-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Anka Bernhard, Anne Martinelli, Katharina Ackermann, Daniel Saure, Christine M Freitag
OBJECTIVE: To summarize findings of previous studies on the prevalence of trauma and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in Conduct Disorder (CD). METHOD: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis following the PRISMA guidelines. Ebsco and PubMed databases were searched from January 1980 until April 2016, employing relevant keywords. RESULTS: Nine studies from western industrialized countries met inclusion criteria. Data of four clinical studies in children and adolescents was aggregated by meta-analysis, resulting in a lifetime PTSD prevalence of 11% (95% CI: 7-17%) in CD, with higher rates in females than males...
December 22, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995329/stress-hormones-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-following-paediatric-critical-illness-an-exploratory-study
#4
REVIEW
Lorraine C Als, Maria D Picouto, Kieran J O'Donnell, Simon Nadel, Mehrengise Cooper, Christine M Pierce, Tami Kramer, Vivette A S Glover, M Elena Garralda
In this exploratory case-control study, we investigated basal cortisol regulation in 5-16-year-old children, 3-6 months following PICU (paediatric intensive care) admission. This was nested within a study of child psychological and cognitive function; 47 children were assessed alongside 56 healthy controls. Saliva samples were collected three times per day (immediately after waking, waking +30 min, and waking +12 h) over two consecutive weekdays. In addition, data on posttraumatic stress symptoms were ascertained from 33 PICU admitted children using the Impact of Events Scale-8 (IES-8)...
December 19, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976374/cognitive-therapy-as-an-early-treatment-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-a-randomized-controlled-trial-addressing-preliminary-efficacy-and-mechanisms-of-action
#5
Richard Meiser-Stedman, Patrick Smith, Anna McKinnon, Clare Dixon, David Trickey, Anke Ehlers, David M Clark, Adrian Boyle, Peter Watson, Ian Goodyer, Tim Dalgleish
BACKGROUND: Few efficacious early treatments for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in children and adolescents exist. Previous trials have intervened within the first month post-trauma and focused on secondary prevention of later post-traumatic stress; however, considerable natural recovery may still occur up to 6-months post-trauma. No trials have addressed the early treatment of established PTSD (i.e. 2- to 6-months post-trauma). METHODS: Twenty-nine youth (8-17 years) with PTSD (according to age-appropriate DSM-IV or ICD-10 diagnostic criteria) after a single-event trauma in the previous 2-6 months were randomly allocated to Cognitive Therapy for PTSD (CT-PTSD; n = 14) or waiting list (WL; n = 15) for 10 weeks...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960534/ptsd-symptoms-among-tsunami-exposed-mothers-in-sri-lanka-the-role-of-disaster-exposure-culturally-specific-coping-strategies-and-recovery-efforts
#6
Thulitha Wickrama, K A S Wickrama, Alyssa Banford, Jessica Lambert
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Women in Sri Lanka have been uniquely exposed to a complex and protracted set of stressors stemming from a civil war conflict spanning over 25 years and the tsunami which struck Southeast Asia in 2004. This study investigates coping strategies and their association with trauma-related symptoms of tsunami-exposed mothers in Sri Lanka at two time points. DESIGN: Data for this study come from surveys administered in two waves of data collection to investigate both mothers' and adolescent children's post-tsunami mental health in early 2005, three months after the tsunami struck, and again in 2008, three years later...
December 29, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943285/annual-research-review-digital-health-interventions-for-children-and-young-people-with-mental-health-problems-a-systematic-and-meta-review
#7
REVIEW
Chris Hollis, Caroline J Falconer, Jennifer L Martin, Craig Whittington, Sarah Stockton, Cris Glazebrook, E Bethan Davies
BACKGROUND: Digital health interventions (DHIs), including computer-assisted therapy, smartphone apps and wearable technologies, are heralded as having enormous potential to improve uptake and accessibility, efficiency, clinical effectiveness and personalisation of mental health interventions. It is generally assumed that DHIs will be preferred by children and young people (CYP) given their ubiquitous digital activity. However, it remains uncertain whether: DHIs for CYP are clinically and cost-effective, CYP prefer DHIs to traditional services, DHIs widen access and how they should be evaluated and adopted by mental health services...
December 10, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936852/racial-ethnic-disparities-in-the-risk-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-among-mothers-of-children-diagnosed-with-cancer-and-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#8
Leilani Greening, Laura Stoppelbein, Kara Cheek
OBJECTIVE: Research findings have indicated that mothers of children diagnosed with life-threatening illnesses can be at risk for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms (PTSS), with African American mothers being especially vulnerable because of evidence suggesting higher rates of PTSD among both African Americans and women. Race/ethnicity, past trauma exposure and the interaction of these variables were evaluated as risk factors for PTSS, depression, and state and trait anxiety among African American and Caucasian mothers of chronically ill children...
December 12, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930498/prazosin-in-children-and-adolescents-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-who-have-nightmares-a-systematic-review
#9
Adefolake Akinsanya, Raman Marwaha, Rajesh R Tampi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic review was to identify published articles that evaluated the use of prazosin for treating nightmares in children and adolescents who have posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PROCEDURES: A literature search was conducted of PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Collaboration, and PsycINFO databases for published articles in any language that evaluated the use of prazosin for treating nightmares in the context of PTSD in children and adolescents using the following key words: PTSD, nightmares, prazosin, children, adolescents, trauma, and sleep...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909452/the-levels-of-cortisol-and-oxidative-stress-and-dna-damage-in-child-and-adolescent-victims-of-sexual-abuse-with-or-without-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#10
Şeref Şimşek, Tuğba Yüksel, İbrahim Kaplan, Cem Uysal, Hüseyin Aktaş
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether cortisol and oxidative stress levels and DNA damage differ between individuals who developed PTSD or not following a sexual trauma. METHODS: The study included 61 children aged between 5 and 17 years who sustained sexual abuse (M/F: 18/43). The patients were divided into two groups: patients with PTSD and patients without PTSD based, based on the results of a structured psychiatric interview (K-SADS-PL and CAPS-CA)...
November 2016: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907846/modelling-life-satisfaction-and-adjustment-to-trauma-in-children-exposed-to-ongoing-military-violence-an-exploratory-study-in-palestine
#11
Guido Veronese, Alessandro Pepe, Alaa Jaradah, Feda Al Muranak, Husam Hamdouna
Exposure to war and ongoing political violence increases mental health risks among children, especially in terms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and depressive or somatic symptoms. However, an exclusive focus on negative functioning can lead to underestimating the coping abilities and natural potential for adjusting to trauma of war-affected children at different developmental phases. Using structural equation modelling, we tested the extent to which data gathered in a predominantly nonclinical sample of Palestinian children (N=1276) living in refugee camps supported a conceptual model in which the relationship between subjective wellbeing and the effects of trauma is mainly top-down in direction...
January 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901290/early-life-trauma-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-allostatic-load-in-a-sample-of-american-indian-adults
#12
Zaneta Thayer, Celestina Barbosa-Leiker, Michael McDonell, Lonnie Nelson, Dedra Buchwald, Spero Manson
OBJECTIVES: Among American Indians, prior research has found associations between early life trauma and the development of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adulthood. Given the physiological changes associated with PTSD, early life trauma could indirectly contribute to chronic disease risk. However, the impact of early life trauma on adult physical health in this population has not been previously investigated. METHODS: We evaluated associations among early life trauma, PTSD, and 13 physiological biomarkers that index cardiovascular, metabolic, neuroendocrine, anthropometric, and immune function in adulthood by conducting correlation and structural equation modeling path analyses (N = 197)...
November 30, 2016: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881919/posttraumatic-stress-and-depression-in-yazidi-refugees
#13
Serhat Nasıroğlu, Veysi Çeri
AIM: The aim of this investigation was to determine the frequency of mental pathologies in children and adolescents of the Yazidi minority group who immigrated to Turkey from Iraq. The refugees were asked about preventive and risk factors that occurred before and after their immigration. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The sample comprised 55 children and adolescents (30 males and 25 females) who were Yazidi refugees and had settled in the Uçkuyular, Oğuz, Onbaşı, and Uğurca villages of Batman, Turkey...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880620/a-relational-model-for-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-captivity-trauma-a-23-year-longitudinal-study
#14
Gadi Zerach, Zahava Solomon
OBJECTIVES: The aversive, long-term toll of war captivity and fathers' combat-induced posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on adult offspring's secondary traumatization (ST) has been recently exemplified. However, the study of potential mechanisms of the intergenerational transmission of trauma to offspring is still lacking. This prospective study aimed to assess the role of fathers' PTSD symptoms (PTSS), paternal parenting, and adult offspring's attachment insecurities in adult offspring's PTSS...
2016: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869462/development-and-validation-of-a-brief-trauma-screening-measure-for-children-the-child-trauma-screen
#15
Jason M Lang, Christian M Connell
Objective: Childhood exposure to trauma, including violence and abuse, is a major public health concern that has resulted in increased efforts to promote trauma-informed child-serving systems. Trauma screening is an important component of such trauma-informed systems, yet widespread use of trauma screening is rare in part due to the lack of brief, validated trauma screening measures for children. We describe development and validation of the Child Trauma Screen (CTS), a 10-item screening measure of trauma exposure and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms for children consistent with the DSM-5 definition of PTSD...
November 21, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863803/research-domain-criteria-and-the-study-of-trauma-in-children-implications-for-assessment-and-treatment-research
#16
REVIEW
Carla Smith Stover, Brooks Keeshin
By definition, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) requires exposure to a traumatic event. Yet, the DSM diagnostic requirements for children and adolescents for PTSD may fail to capture traumatized youth with significant distress and functional impairment. Many important studies have utilized PTSD diagnosis as a mechanism for grouping individuals for comparative studies examining brain functioning, neuroendocrinology, genetics, attachment, and cognition; however, focusing only on those with the diagnosis of PTSD can miss the spectrum of symptoms and difficulties that impact children who experience trauma and subsequent impairment...
November 9, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859588/influence-of-sleep-disturbance-on-global-functioning-after-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-treatment
#17
Janeese A Brownlow, Carmen P McLean, Philip R Gehrman, Gerlinde C Harb, Richard J Ross, Edna B Foa
Chronic insomnia and recurrent nightmares are prominent features of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Evidence from adult research indicates that these sleep disturbances do not respond as well to cognitive-behavioral therapies for PTSD and are associated with poorer functional outcomes. This study examined the effect of prolonged exposure therapy for adolescents versus client-centered therapy on posttraumatic sleep disturbance, and the extent to which sleep symptoms impacted global functioning among adolescents with sexual abuse-related PTSD...
December 2016: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859347/commentary-the-evolving-conception-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-reflections-on-danzi-and-la-greca-2016
#18
Chris R Brewin
As first formulated in 1980, the description of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was based on people exposed to severe and repeated traumatic events. Although the conceptualisation of PTSD in successive versions of the DSM has changed, the symptom picture remains complex and there have been concerns over whether the threshold is too high. In contrast, ICD-11 proposes a simpler diagnosis based on six symptoms and a distinction between PTSD and Complex PTSD. This approach may be more clinically useful and easier to employ for children in younger age groups...
December 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855427/anger-in-adulthood-in-participants-who-lost-their-father-during-the-war-in-croatia-when-they-were-in-their-formative-age
#19
Ivana Lončar, Mladen Lončar
BACKGROUND: Loss of parents in early childhood can have serious long-term psychological consequences. Abandoned by a close figure of attachment, many persons have developed the emotion of anger, even though the separation was caused by death. The traumatic experience of the loss of a parent is particularly hard in war, because most often it does not occur as an individual trauma. Our aim is to research anger as a personality trait in persons whose father had died in war at a time when they were children, and to compare it with an appropriate civilian control group of subjects...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851897/neuropsychological-functioning-of-childhood-trauma-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-a-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
S Malarbi, H M Abu-Rayya, F Muscara, R Stargatt
This study reviewed evidence for cognitive impairments in trauma-exposed children with and without PTSD. Twenty-seven studies were eligible for meta-analysis, totalling 1526 participants, including 412 trauma-exposed children (PTSD unknown), 300 children with PTSD (PTSD+), 323 children without PTSD (PTSD-), and 491 trauma-naive controls. Eligible studies mostly investigated familial-maltreatment trauma (k=22). Trauma-exposed children (PTSD unknown) performed more poorly overall than controls (d=-0.57). Cognitive deficits were seen in PTSD+ compared to controls, including a large effect size (ES) for general intelligence (d=-0...
January 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
keyword
keyword
66138
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"