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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620914/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-the-siblings-of-the-pediatric-bone-marrow-transplantation-survivors-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-their-mothers
#1
Özge Gizli Çoban, Aslı Sürer Adanır, Esin Özatalay
Although BMT is lifesaving in many childhood diseases, it was found to be related to anxiety, depression, and PTSD in parents, and PTSD, anxiety and overall low self-esteem in siblings. Research on siblings' HRQoL is limited. The aim of this study was to investigate PTSD and HRQoL in siblings (donor and non-donor) of pediatric BMT survivors and PTSD in their mothers, compared to the healthy controls. Thirty-five siblings and their mothers and 35 healthy peers and their mothers were recruited as the study group and as the comparison group, respectively...
June 15, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619857/pediatric-ptsd-in-the-dsm-5-and-the-forensic-interview-of-traumatized-youth
#2
Frank K Tedeschi, Stephen B Billick
Since the Third Edition, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) has increasingly incorporated developmentally informed criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) because of recognition that children and adolescents can manifest PTSD differently from adults. The most recent edition, DSM-5, among other changes, has introduced a developmental subtype for children six years of age or younger. As pediatric PTSD features very prominently in both civil and criminal proceedings, it is vital that the expert witness be familiar with the updated criteria and know how to interview traumatized youth appropriately in the forensic setting...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619856/childhood-trauma-ptsd-and-the-cautious-forensic-expert
#3
Lance Amols, Spencer Eth
For centuries, medicine and psychiatry mirrored society's equivocations regarding childhood trauma. Those conflicts have mostly resolved, with widespread agreement that children are commonly exposed to traumatic events that may lead to PTSD and other mental conditions. The psychiatric and legal arguments should no longer be about the reality of childhood trauma in general; instead, experts should focus on the methodology of translating a particular child's narrative truth of maltreatment into a historical account, so that the expert can be qualified to offer criminal or civil court testimony after examining the child...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619855/pediatric-ptsd-clinical-forensic-and-diagnostic-understanding
#4
Frank K Tedeschi, Stephen B Billick
Exposure to trauma is a common event in the lives of children and adolescents living in the United States. Although a minority of youth develop full posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after a traumatic event, those who do tend to have an extended course of symptoms in multiple functional domains and higher rates of psychiatric comorbidities. Pediatric PTSD can play an important role in legal settings, and requires that an expert witness be well versed in advances in clinical and conceptual models of this diagnosis and familiar with current research devoted to the posttraumatic response in youth...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613013/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-among-mothers-whose-children-underwent-oncological-surgery
#5
Kıvılcım Karadeniz Cerit, Cem Cerit, Ömer Nart, Nurşah Eker, Gürsu Kıyan, Tolga Dağlı, Gülşen Ekingen, Gülnur Tokuç, Ömer Karaca, Funda Çorapçıoğlu
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the rate of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and associated risk factors among mothers whose children underwent oncological surgery. METHOD: This cross-sectional, multi-center study included a total of 60 mothers whose children underwent major thoracoabdominal surgery and were under the follow-up in the outpatient setting between February 2016 and May 2016. Clinical Data Form, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and Clinician-Administered PTSD scale (CAPS) were used...
June 14, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593599/behavioral-symptoms-of-reported-abuse-in-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-inpatient-settings
#6
Jamie Brenner, Zhaoxing Pan, Carla Mazefsky, Kahsi A Smith, Robin Gabriels
The objective of this study was to examine how behavioral manifestations of trauma due to abuse are expressed in youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) compared outcomes between patients with a caregiver reported history of abuse and those without. Findings indicate that patients with ASD and reported abuse (i.e. physical, sexual, and/or emotional) have more intrusive thoughts, distressing memories, loss of interest, irritability, and lethargy than those without reported maltreatment...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557594/inhalant-use-and-mental-health-problems-in-russian-juvenile-delinquents
#7
Linnea Zachrison, Vladislav Ruchkin, Andrew Stickley, Roman Koposov
BACKGROUND: Inhalant use by children and adolescents has been linked to an increased risk of multiple drug use, mental health problems and antisocial behavior. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the association between the frequency of inhalant use and psychiatric diagnoses among incarcerated delinquent youths in Russia. METHODS: A total of 370 incarcerated delinquents from a juvenile correction center in Northern Russia were assessed by means of a semi-structured psychiatric interview and by self-reports...
May 30, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535839/separation-from-parents-during-childhood-trauma-predicts-adult-attachment-security-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#8
R A Bryant, M Creamer, M O'Donnell, D Forbes, K L Felmingham, D Silove, G Malhi, M van Hoof, A C McFarlane, A Nickerson
BACKGROUND: Prolonged separation from parental support is a risk factor for psychopathology. This study assessed the impact of brief separation from parents during childhood trauma on adult attachment tendencies and post-traumatic stress. METHOD: Children (n = 806) exposed to a major Australian bushfire disaster in 1983 and matched controls (n = 725) were assessed in the aftermath of the fires (mean age 7-8 years) via parent reports of trauma exposure and separation from parents during the fires...
May 24, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534295/addressing-the-needs-of-preschool-children-in-the-context-of-disasters-and-terrorism-clinical-pictures-and-moderating-factors
#9
REVIEW
Daniel Hamiel, Leo Wolmer, Lee Pardo-Aviv, Nathaniel Laor
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This paper surveys the existent theoretical and research literature regarding the needs of preschool children in the context of disasters and terrorism with the aim of understanding (a) the consequences of such events for young children and (b) the main moderating variables influencing the event-consequence association to learn how to enhance their resilience. RECENT FINDINGS: Consequences include a variety of emotional, behavioral, and biological outcomes...
July 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530432/posttraumatic-stress-symptom-severity-and-health-service-utilization-in-trauma-exposed-parents
#10
Emma J Thompson, Vicki A Anderson, Stephen J C Hearps, Maria C McCarthy, Cathrine Mihalopoulos, Jan M Nicholson, Meredith Rayner, Frank Muscara
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSSs) are common for parents of children with life-threatening illnesses or injuries. The impact of these psychological sequelae on parents' personal use of health services is unknown. The present study aimed to investigate whether PTSS severity prospectively predicts increased health service utilization (HSU), and to examine the relative importance of other predisposing and enabling factors in predicting HSU...
May 22, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527907/behavioral-and-cognitive-impact-of-early-life-stress-insights-from-an-animal-model
#11
Hesong Liu, Fatin Atrooz, Ankita Salvi, Samina Salim
BACKGROUND: Children subjected to traumatic events during childhood are reported to exhibit behavioral and cognitive deficits later in life, often leading to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depression. Interestingly, some children continue to remain normal despite being exposed to the same risk factors. These trauma-related behavioral and cognitive profiles across different stages of life are not well understood. Animal studies can offer useful insights. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to determine the impact of early life exposure to traumatic events on behavioral and cognitive profile in rats by tracking the behavior of each rat at different ages...
May 17, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520669/investigating-the-connection-between-traumatic-brain-injury-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-in-adolescents
#12
Tara Rhine, Amy Cassedy, Keith Owen Yeates, Hudson Gerry Taylor, Michael W Kirkwood, Shari L Wade
OBJECTIVE: To identify potentially modifiable individual and social-environmental correlates of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) among adolescents hospitalized for traumatic brain injury (TBI). SETTING: Four pediatric hospitals and 1 general hospital in the United States. PARTICIPANTS: Children ages 11 to 18 years, hospitalized for moderate-severe TBI within the past 18 months. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional analysis...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498088/mental-health-problems-of-second-generation-children-and-adolescents-with-migration-background
#13
Veysi Ceri, Zeliha Özlü-Erkilic, Ürün Özer, Tayyib Kadak, Dietmar Winkler, Burak Dogangün, Türkan Akkaya-Kalayci
OBJECTIVE: Despite the growing number of young second-generation immigrant (SGI) children and adolescents, studies about their mental health are rare. The objective of this study was to investigate the mental health problems of SGI children and adolescents in Istanbul, Turkey. METHODS: In a clinical sample the mental health of 54 SGIs and 50 native children and adolescents were examined using the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Aged Children-Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL) and Children's Global Assessment Scale...
February 24, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481561/trauma-exposure-ptsd-and-parenting-in-a-community-sample-of-low-income-predominantly-african-american-mothers-and-children
#14
Dorthie Cross, L Alexander Vance, Ye Ji Kim, Andrew L Ruchard, Nathan Fox, Tanja Jovanovic, Bekh Bradley
OBJECTIVES: Trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are associated with problematic parenting and incidence of trauma and PTSD in children of affected parents. In communities impacted by frequent trauma, parenting may be particularly important to children's PTSD risk. The authors examined relationships among maternal and child trauma and mental health, as well as problematic parenting. METHOD: The authors recruited 112 mother-child dyads (50 girls, 62 boys; ages 8-12 years old) from a community sample of low-income, primarily African American families...
May 8, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472536/cancer-as-a-stressful-life-event-perceptions-of-children-with-cancer-and-their-peers
#15
Katianne M Howard Sharp, Jennifer J Lindwall, Victoria W Willard, Alanna M Long, Karen M Martin-Elbahesh, Sean Phipps
BACKGROUND: The medical traumatic stress model is commonly applied to childhood cancer, assuming that the diagnosis of cancer is a traumatic event. However, to the authors' knowledge, little is known regarding what specifically children perceive as stressful about cancer or how it compares with other stressful events more often experienced by children. METHODS: Children with cancer (254 children) and demographically similar peers without a history of serious illness (202 children) identified their most stressful life event as part of a diagnostic interview assessing for symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
May 4, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460286/transgenerational-trauma-in-a-post-conflict-setting-effects-on-offspring-ptss-ptsd-and-offspring-vulnerability-in-cambodian-families
#16
Sebastian Burchert, Nadine Stammel, Christine Knaevelsrud
We assessed transgenerational effects of maternal traumatic exposure, posttraumatic stress symptoms and posttraumatic stress disorder on trauma-related symptoms in Cambodian offspring born after the genocidal Khmer Rouge Regime. We conducted a randomized cross-sectional study. N=378 mothers from 4 provinces of the country and one of each of their grown-up children were interviewed. Lifetime traumatic exposure was determined using a context-adapted event list. Present posttraumatic stress symptoms and a potential posttraumatic stress disorder were assessed using the civilian version of the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist...
April 21, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451076/dsm-5-and-icd-11-as-competing-models-of-ptsd-in-preadolescent-children-exposed-to-a-natural-disaster-assessing-validity-and-co-occurring-symptomatology
#17
Annette M La Greca, BreAnne A Danzi, Sherilynn F Chan
Background: Major revisions have been made to the DSM and ICD models of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, it is not known whether these models fit children's post-trauma responses, even though children are a vulnerable population following disasters. Objective: Using data from Hurricane Ike, we examined how well trauma-exposed children's symptoms fit the DSM-IV, DSM-5 and ICD-11 models, and whether the models varied by gender. We also evaluated whether elevated symptoms of depression and anxiety characterized children meeting PTSD criteria based on DSM-5 and ICD-11...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441585/assessing-the-latent-structure-of-dsm-5-ptsd-among-chinese-adolescents-after-the-ya-an-earthquake
#18
Xiao Zhou, Xinchun Wu, Rui Zhen
To examine the underlying substructure of DSM-5 PTSD in an adolescent sample, this study used a confirmatory factor analysis alternative model approach to assess 813 adolescents two and a half years after the Ya'an earthquake. Participants completed the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5, the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale for Children, and the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders. The results found that the seven-factor hybrid PTSD model entailing intrusion, avoidance, negative affect, anhedonia, externalizing behaviors, anxious arousal, and dysphoric arousal had significantly better fit indices than other alternative models...
April 19, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428676/behavioral-problems-and-emotional-difficulties-at-children-and-early-adolescents-of-the-veterans-of-war-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#19
Zihnet Selimbasic, Osman Sinanovic, Esmina Avdibegovic, Maja Brkic, Jasmin Hamidovic
INTRODUCTION: Behavioral problems and emotional difficulties at children of the veterans of war with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have not been researched entirely. In our country, which has a lot of persons suffering from some psychological traumas, this trauma seems to continue. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the exposure, manifestations of behavioral problems and emotional difficulties at children and early adolescents, whose fathers were the veterans of war demonstrating post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms...
February 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419473/translating-the-cognitive-model-of-ptsd-to-the-treatment-of-very-young-children-a-single-case-study-of-an-8-year-old-motor-vehicle-accident-survivor
#20
Benjamin Goodall, Isobel Chadwick, Anna McKinnon, Aliza Werner-Seidler, Richard Meiser-Stedman, Patrick Smith, Tim Dalgleish
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a clinical condition that occurs after a discrete traumatic event, such as an accident or assault. Research into PTSD has primarily been adult-focused; however, there is a growing body of evidence evaluating the theory and treatment of PTSD in young children. Consequently, cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) interventions for PTSD in youth have been developed that focus on 3 core components of the cognitive model-a disorganized memory of the trauma, maladaptive appraisals of the trauma and its effects (meanings), and dysfunctional coping mechanisms (management)...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
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