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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453795/closing-the-gap-in-paediatric-ventricular-assist-device-therapy-with-the-berlin-heart-excor%C3%A2-15-ml-pump%C3%A2
#1
Fabrizio De Rita, Massimo Griselli, Eugen Sandica, Oliver Miera, Ann Karimova, Yves d'Udekem, Ranny Goldwasser, Katarzyna Januszewska, Antonio Amodeo, Nadine Jurrmann, Simon Ersel, Ares K Menon
OBJECTIVES: The Berlin Heart EXCOR ® (EXCOR) paediatric ventricular assist device is used worldwide for mechanical support of infants and small children with end-stage heart failure. A clinically important gap between the smallest EXCOR blood pump (10 ml) and the next larger size (25 ml) limited the choice of pump size in patients with a body surface area (BSA) between 0.33 and 0.5 m 2 . We present the first clinical experience from the early product surveillance (EPS) of the new EXCOR 15-ml blood pump...
May 1, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448685/adult-neurobehavioral-alterations-in-male-and-female-mice-following-developmental-exposure-to-paracetamol-acetaminophen-characterization-of-a-critical-period
#2
Gaëtan Philippot, Torsten Gordh, Anders Fredriksson, Henrik Viberg
Paracetamol (acetaminophen) is a widely used non-prescription drug with analgesic and antipyretic properties. Among pregnant women and young children, paracetamol is one of the most frequently used drugs and is considered the first-choice treatment for pain and/or fever. Recent findings in both human and animal studies have shown associations between paracetamol intake during brain development and adverse behavioral outcomes later in life. The present study was undertaken to investigate if the induction of these effects depend on when the exposure occurs during a critical period of brain development and if male and female mice are equally affected...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448593/benzodiazepines-z-drugs-and-the-risk-of-hip-fracture-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Karen Donnelly, Robert Bracchi, Jonathan Hewitt, Philip A Routledge, Ben Carter
BACKGROUND: Hip fractures in the older person lead to an increased risk of mortality, poorer quality of life and increased morbidity. Benzodiazepine (BNZ) use is associated with increased hip fracture rate, consequently Z-drugs are fast becoming the physician's hypnotic prescription of choice yet data on their use is limited. We compared the risk of hip fracture associated with Z-drugs and BNZ medications, respectively, and examined if this risk varied with longer-term use. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We carried out a systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447153/-neurodermatitis-atopy-of-the-skin
#4
R Fölster-Holst
Atopic dermatitis is one of the most common skin diseases and is associated with an impaired quality of life due to tormenting itching and stigmatization. The disease almost always manifests in early childhood and exhibits specific features in this phase, with involvement of the extensor sides of the extremities. During the further course of disease, the typical flexor involvement becomes quite clear and a considerable proportion of patients develop the associated atopic respiratory diseases. Therapeutic and prophylactic measures focus on the prevention of trigger factors, basic skin care, and application of lipid-replenishing creams, as well as patient and parent education...
April 26, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447111/-diagnostics-and-treatment-of-osteoid-osteoma
#5
REVIEW
P Orth, D Kohn
BACKGROUND: Osteoid osteoma is the third most common benign bone tumor and typically induces pain that is worse at night. OBJECTIVE: To identify the epidemiological, pathogenetic, histological and radiological characteristics of osteoid osteoma and to present the broad variety of treatment options. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This review article summarizes relevant clinical studies and meta-analyses on this topic. RESULTS: Osteoid osteoma is characterized by a central nidus smaller than 1...
April 26, 2017: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446386/caffeine-citrate-is-it-a-silver-bullet-in-neonatology
#6
REVIEW
Bikash Shrestha, Gaurav Jawa
Caffeine citrate is one of the most prescribed drug in the present day NICU for apnea. Its efficacy, tolerability, wide therapeutic index and safety margin has made it the drug of choice among the methylxanthines. Its therapeutic uses in apnea of prematurity, mechanical ventilation, bronchopulmonary dysplasia has made it a "silver bullet" in neonatology. However, there are still controversies surrounding this drug. This review is aimed to update the reader about the basic pharmacology, current therapeutic uses, adverse effects, controversies as well as present and future research of caffeine...
March 27, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444708/can-we-create-a-valid-treatment-algorithm-for-patients-with-drug-resistant-overactive-bladder-oab-syndrome-or-detrusor-overactivity-do-results-from-a-think-tank-ici-rs-2015
#7
REVIEW
Apostolos Apostolidis, Marcio Augusto Averbeck, Arun Sahai, Sajjad Rahmana'i, Ralf Anding, Dudley Robinson, Stavros Gravas, Roger Dmochowski
AIMS: To review and assess the definitions of drug resistance and the evidence supporting treatment for drug resistant overactive bladder/detrusor overactivity (OAB/DO). METHODS: Evidence review of the extant literature and consensus of opinion was used to derive the summary recommendations. RESULTS: Drug resistance or drug refractory status has been inconsistently defined and reported in current evident sources. Recent publications use some correlation of lack of efficacy and or experienced side effects to define drug resistance...
April 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444364/effect-of-rituximab-on-the-progression-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-related-interstitial-lung-disease-10-years-experience-at-a-single-centre
#8
Md Yuzaiful Md Yusof, Angela Kabia, Michael Darby, Giovanni Lettieri, Paul Beirne, Edward M Vital, Shouvik Dass, Paul Emery
Objective.: To evaluate the effect of rituximab (RTX) in patients with RA-related interstitial lung disease (RA-ILD) and identify factors associated with outcome after treatment. Methods.: An observational study of patients with RA-ILD was conducted from a cohort of RTX-treated RA patients in a single centre for >10 years. Progression was defined by any of the following: a decrease of pre-RTX forced vital capacity (FVC) >10% or diffusion capacity of carbon monoxide (DLCO) >15% predicted, worsening of the ILD score or death from progressive ILD...
April 24, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444098/the-cerebrospinal-fluid-in-multiple-sclerosis-far-beyond-the-bands
#9
Renan Barros Domingues, Gustavo Bruniera Peres Fernandes, Fernando Brunale Vilela de Moura Leite, Charles Peter Tilbery, Rodrigo Barbosa Thomaz, Gisele Sampaio Silva, Cristóvão Luis Pitangueira Mangueira, Carlos Augusto Senne Soares
The cerebrospinal fluid analysis has been employed for supporting multiple sclerosis diagnosis and ruling out the differential diagnoses. The most classical findings reflect the inflammatory nature of the disease, including mild pleocytosis, mild protein increase, intrathecal synthesis of immunoglobulin G, and, most typically, the presence of oligoclonal bands. In recent years, new biomarkers have emerged in the context of multiple sclerosis. The search for new biomarkers reflect the need of a better evaluation of disease activity, disease progression, and treatment efficiency...
January 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443323/prevalence-of-ctr1-and-ercc1-polymorphisms-and-response-of-biliary-tract-cancer-to-gemcitabine-platinum-chemotherapy
#10
Skolchart Pongmaneratanakul, Suebpong Tanasanvimon, Thitima Pengsuparp, Nutthada Areepium
Purpose: Biliary tract cancer (BTC)is an aggressive disease with a poor prognosis. Most patients are diagnosed at an advanced stage for which curative surgery is not possible and gemcitabine-platinum chemotherapy is the treatment of choice for advanced cases. Several studies had focused on biomarkers to predict response from platinum drugs in lung cancer, but information is limited for BTC. In this study, two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the copper transporter (CTR1) and excision repair cross-complementary group 1 (ERCC1) genes were investigated as predictive biomarkers of objective response to gemcitabine-platinum...
March 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442967/a-case-report-of-suspected-malignant-hyperthermia-where-patient-survived-the-episode
#11
Asif Iqbal, Shoaib Badoo, Ruqsana Naqeeb
Malignant hyperthermia is rare inherited disorder in our part of the world; there are only few cases reported in literature in India who were suspected of having this condition. The overall incidence of malignant hyperthermia during general anesthesia is estimated to range from 1: 5000 to 1: 50,000-100,000 and mortality rate is estimated to be <5% in the presence of standard care. In India, there is no center where in vitro halothane caffeine contraction test is performed to confirm diagnosis in suspected cases...
April 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442937/simultaneous-administration-of-fluoxetine-and-simvastatin-ameliorates-lipid-profile-improves-brain-level-of-neurotransmitters-and-increases-bioavailability-of-simvastatin
#12
Abdulrahman K Al-Asmari, Zabih Ullah, Aqeel Salman Al Masoudi, Ishtiaque Ahmad
Simvastatin (STT), a 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitor, is widely prescribed for dyslipidemia, whereas fluoxetine (FLX) is the first-choice drug for the treatment of depression and anxiety. A recent report suggests that selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors can interact with the cytochrome P450 3A4 substrate, and another one suggests that STT enhances the antidepressant activity of FLX. However, the data are inconclusive. The present study was designed to explore the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic consequences of coadministration of STT and FLX in experimental animals...
2017: Journal of Experimental Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442370/modulation-of-drug-choice-by-extended-drug-access-and-withdrawal-in-rhesus-monkeys-implications-for-negative-reinforcement-as-a-driver-of-addiction-and-target-for-medications-development
#13
REVIEW
S Stevens Negus, Matthew L Banks
Chronic drug exposure is hypothesized to recruit negative reinforcement processes that increase the magnitude and alter the mechanisms of drug reinforcement. Candidate substrates of negative reinforcement include increased signaling via stress-related neurotransmitters such as corticotropin releasing factor (CRF, acting at CRF receptors) or dynorphin (acting at kappa opioid receptors) and/or decreased signaling via reward-related neurotransmitters such as dopamine. Determinants of drug reinforcement can be examined with choice procedures, in which subjects choose between a drug of interest (e...
April 22, 2017: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442170/platinum-palladium-gold-and-ruthenium-complexes-as-anticancer-agents-current-clinical-uses-cytotoxicity-studies-and-future-perspectives
#14
REVIEW
Tatjana Lazarević, Ana Rilak, Živadin D Bugarčić
Metallodrugs offer potential for unique mechanism of drug action based on the choice of the metal, its oxidation state, the types and number of coordinated ligands and the coordination geometry. This review illustrates notable recent progress in the field of medicinal bioinorganic chemistry as many new approaches to the design of innovative metal-based anticancer drugs are emerging. Current research addressing the problems associated with platinum drugs has focused on other metal-based therapeutics that have different modes of action and on prodrug and targeting strategies in an effort to diminish the side-effects of cisplatin chemotherapy...
April 18, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442159/cochrane-corner-antihypertensive-efficacy-of-beta-1-selective-beta-blockers-for-primary-hypertension
#15
Luís Nogueira-Silva, Pedro Sousa Marques, Maria João Lima
Beta blockers are commonly used to treat hypertension. This Cochrane systematic review assessed the effect of beta-1 selective beta blockers on blood pressure (BP), pulse pressure (PP), heart rate (HR) and withdrawal due to adverse effects in patients with primary hypertension. Fifty-six randomized placebo-controlled trials were included, with a total of 7812 patients. These drugs reduced systolic/diastolic BP by 10/8 mmHg, PP by 2 mmHg and HR by 11 bpm; no difference was found between treatment and placebo regarding withdrawal due to adverse effects...
April 22, 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442017/-application-of-bevacizumab-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#16
Ping Xu, Hongmei Li
At present, non-small cell lung cancer is one of the highest incidence of cancers in the world, and its incidence increased year by year, this situation prompted people to continue to seek a variety of treatment in order to extend the survival of patients and improve the quality of life of patients. This review aims to discuss the progress of bevacizumab in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer, through the clinical data so far to explore the clinical use of the drug, the choice of patients and the future direction of development...
April 20, 2017: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441986/medical-therapy-versus-dietary-avoidance-in-eosinophilic-esophagitis-which-approach-is-better
#17
Mirna Chehade, Ellen Sher
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic immune-mediated esophageal disease characterized by esophageal symptoms and esophageal eosinophilia. It is induced by food triggers and by environmental allergens in some patients. No U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved therapies exist for patients with EoE. Common therapies include topical corticosteroids (TCS) and dietary restriction. METHODS: This article reviewed the pros and cons of a medical versus dietary approach in treating EoE in children and adults...
May 1, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441950/development-of-a-web-based-patient-decision-aid-for-initiating-disease-modifying-anti-rheumatic-drugs-using-user-centred-design-methods
#18
Ingrid Nota, Constance H C Drossaert, Heleen C Melissant, Erik Taal, Harald E Vonkeman, Cees J Haagsma, Mart A F J van de Laar
BACKGROUND: A main element of patient-centred care, Patient Decision Aids (PtDAs) facilitate shared decision-making (SDM). A recent update of the International Patient Decision Aids Standards (IPDAS) emphasised patient involvement during PtDA development, but omitted a methodology for doing so. This article reports on the value of user-centred design (UCD) methods for the development of a PtDA that aims to support inflammatory arthritis patients in their choice between disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs)...
April 26, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441545/targeted-mass-spectrometry-an-emerging-powerful-approach-to-unblock-the-bottleneck-in-phosphoproteomics
#19
REVIEW
Nerea Osinalde, Kerman Aloria, Miren J Omaetxebarria, Irina Kratchmarova
Following the rapid expansion of the proteomics field, the investigation of post translational modifications (PTM) has become extremely popular changing our perspective of how proteins constantly fine tune cellular functions. Reversible protein phosphorylation plays a pivotal role in virtually all biological processes in the cell and it is one the most characterized PTM up to date. During the last decade, the development of phosphoprotein/phosphopeptide enrichment strategies and mass spectrometry (MS) technology has revolutionized the field of phosphoproteomics discovering thousands of new site-specific phosphorylations and unveiling unprecedented evidence about their modulation under distinct cellular conditions...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441214/the-osteo-odonto-keratoprosthesis
#20
Mehran Zarei-Ghanavati, Venkata Avadhanam, Alfonso Vasquez Perez, Christopher Liu
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe the practice of and recent developments in the osteo-odonto-keratoprosthesis. RECENT FINDINGS: Formal psychological assessment and support have been described. A sub-aqua system for fashioning the osteo-odonto-keratoprosthesis lamina; adoption of thicker laminae; use of bisphosphonate drugs; advances in laminar imaging; and use of bone augmentation and bone morphogenetic protein have been described for prevention, detection, and management of laminar resorption...
April 24, 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
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