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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728039/cognitive-restructuring-of-gambling-related-thoughts-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Maxime Chrétien, Isabelle Giroux, Annie Goulet, Christian Jacques, Stéphane Bouchard
Gamblers' thoughts have a fundamental influence on their gambling problem. Cognitive restructuring is the intervention of choice to correct those thoughts. However, certain difficulties are noted in the application of cognitive restructuring techniques and the comprehension of their guidelines. Furthermore, the increase of skill game players (e.g. poker) entering treatment creates a challenge for therapists, as these gamblers present with different thoughts than those of the gamblers usually encountered in treatment (e...
July 8, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727662/paraphilic-thoughts-behaviors-and-sex-addiction-in-a-sample-of-persons-who-use-drugs-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Jales Clemente, Sandra Cristina Pillon, Jair de Jesus Mari, Claudio Jeronimo da Silva, Paulo Roberto Henrique Santana, Alessandra Diehl
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of paraphilic thoughts/behaviors (including paraphilic disorders) with and without sexual addiction and sexual-related conditions in a sample of substance disorder patients. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of substance-dependent individuals who sought outpatient treatment in São Paulo, Brazil. Data included sociodemographic information, drug of choice, responses to questions about sexual behavior, and to the following standardized questionnaires: (a) Sexual Addiction Screening Test, and (b) Childhood Trauma Questionnaire...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727359/-stroke-prevention-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#3
Gaia Sirimarco, Lorenz Hirt, Roman Sztajzel, Fabienne Perren
Oral anticoagulation with vitamin K antagonists (VKA) was the cornerstone of stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation (AF). This review article presents the state of the art, with regard to the treatment options developed over the past few years, the new oral anticoagulants (NOAC). A search in PubMed for relevant published studies has been performed. Dabigatran and apixaban were superior to warfarin to reduce stroke risk or systemic embolism ; dabigatran, rivaroxaban and edoxaban were non-inferior. All NOAC are globally non-inferior to warfarin for stroke prevention in non-valvular AF and they have a superior safety profile, with a reduced intracranial bleeding risk...
April 26, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727235/thermal-imaging-and-dermoscopy-for-detecting-inflammation-in-frontal-fibrosing-alopecia
#4
Anna Lis-Święty, Bartosz Miziołek, Irmina Ranosz-Janicka, Grażyna Bierzyńska-Macyszyn, Ligia Brzezińska-Wcisło
BACKGROUND: Frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA) is an inflammatory condition of the scalp, which leads to scarring and slowly progressive recession of frontotemporal and/or frontoparietal hairline. Choice of FFA treatment is highly dependent on accurate assessment of disease phase, as medical treatments are effective only during the initial inflammatory stage. METHODS: To objectively quantify the activity of the inflammatory process in FFA, 22 female patients were examined by both infrared thermography and optical dermoscopy before tissue sampling...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727196/insulin-regimens-for-newly-diagnosed-children-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-in-australia-and-new-zealand-a-survey-of-current-practice
#5
Dharrshinee Selvakumar, Hesham S Al-Sallami, Martin de Bock, Geoffrey R Ambler, Paul Benitez-Aguirre, Esko Wiltshire, Elaine Tham, Peter Simm, Louise S Conwell, Phillipa J Carter, Benjamin B Albert, Jinny Willis, Benjamin J Wheeler
AIM: There is no consensus on the optimal insulin treatment for children newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). The aims of this study were (i) to describe the insulin regimens used at diagnosis by patient age and geographical region and (ii) to explore differences between and within Australia (AU) and New Zealand (NZ) with regards to other aspects of patient management and education. METHODS: An online survey of medical professionals caring for children with T1DM in AU and NZ was undertaken...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727093/effects-of-intravenous-lipopolysaccharide-administration-on-feed-intake-ruminal-forage-degradability-and-liquid-parameters-and-physiological-responses-in-beef-cattle
#6
K D Lippolis, R F Cooke, K M Schubach, R S Marques, D W Bohnert
This experiment compared DMI, ruminal forage degradability, and liquid parameters as well as physiological responses in beef cattle receiving a lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge or not. Eight ruminally cannulated Angus × Hereford steers (485 ± 16 kg BW) were housed in individual pens on d -7, ranked by BW, and allocated to 1 of 2 treatments administered on d 0: 1) an intravenous (i.v.) bolus dose (0.5 μg/kg of BW, diluted in 5 mL of 0.9% sterile saline) of bacterial LPS ( 0111:B4) or 2) a 5-mL i.v. injection of 0...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727037/assessment-of-objective-measures-of-beef-steak-juiciness-and-their-relationships-to-sensory-panel-juiciness-ratings
#7
L W Lucherk, T G O'Quinn, J F Legako, R J Rathmann, J C Brooks, M F Miller
The objective of this study was to evaluate multiple instrumental measures of beef juiciness and determine their relationships with sensory panel juiciness ratings. Treatments were selected to maximize variation in juiciness and included 5 USDA quality grades (Prime, upper two-thirds Choice, lower one-third Choice, Select, and Standard) as well as 2 enhanced Select treatments (112 and 107% of the initial raw weight) and were prepared to 3 degrees of doneness (DOD; rare [66°C], medium [71°C], and well done [77°C])...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726654/the-safety-and-efficacy-of-amiodarone-and-carvedilol-combination-in-treatment-of-patients-with-severe-cardiac-rhythm-disorders
#8
E Tsetskhladze, I Khintibidze
Different arrhythmias are cause of sudden death in many patients with heart failure. Amiodarone is usually used for prevent this arrhythmias, but it is not drug of choice for treatment the patients with heart failure. We retrospectively analyzed 142 patients with moderate and severe heart failure and history of myocardial infarction. These patients have received amiodarone, carvedilol or combination of these two medications together with standard therapy. In our retrospective analysis, the combination therapy with Amiodarone and Carvedilol had highly significant decrease arrhythmic death compare with carvedilol and amiodarone groups...
June 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726185/raising-awareness-on-the-therapeutic-role-of-cholecalciferol-in-ckd-a-multidisciplinary-based-opinion
#9
REVIEW
Sandro Giannini, Sandro Mazzaferro, Salvatore Minisola, Luca De Nicola, Maurizio Rossini, Mario Cozzolino
Vitamin D is recognized to play an essential role in health and disease. In kidney disease, vitamin D analogs have gained recognition for their involvement and potential therapeutic importance. Nephrologists are aware of the use of oral native vitamin D supplementation, however, uncertainty still exists with regard to the use of this treatment option in chronic kidney disease as well as clinical settings related to chronic kidney disease, where vitamin D supplementation may be an appropriate therapeutic choice...
July 19, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726170/prescribing-trends-in-a-glaucoma-clinic-and-adherence-to-egs-guidelines-a-retrospective-non-interventional-single-center-uk-study
#10
Mark Fajgenbaum, Ejaz Ansari
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to determine prescribing trends in a specialist glaucoma clinic in the UK. Specifically, the aims were to determine which drugs were prescribed as first-, second-, and third-line treatment, the persistence of first-, second-, and third-line treatment regimens, and the proportion of treatment decisions conforming to the European Glaucoma Society (EGS) guidelines. METHODS: A retrospective, non-interventional, single-center, case-note review was performed on a cohort of consecutive patients presenting to a specialist glaucoma clinic for follow-up...
July 19, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725580/pre-biopsy-mri-as-an-adjunct-for-cancer-detection-in-men-with-elevated-psa-and-no-previous-biopsy
#11
REVIEW
Facundo Uriburu-Pizarro, Veeru Kasivisvanathan, Philippe Puech, Arnauld Villers
The role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) prior to biopsy in the diagnosis of prostate cancer in biopsy-naïve patients has been strengthened by recent developments such as the PIRADS V2 criteria, which cover acquisition, interpretation, and reporting for clinical practice and data collection for research. Important questions on the role of prostate MRI remain: can MRI be used as a triage test before first biopsy series? Can it be used to avoid the use of systematic biopsies (SB) and instead use only targeted biopsies (TB) to MRI-suspicious lesions? Studies to evaluate image guided TB compared to SB have started to accumulate...
June 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725423/dysphagia-caused-by-giant-schwannoma-of-the-supraglottic-oropharynx-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
Guojian Li, Xiao Xin, Xia Wang, Chongxi Ren
BACKGROUND: Schwannomas are benign, encapsulated, peripheral nerve tumours that arise from the Schwann cell. Approximately 25%-45% of schwannomas occur in the head and neck. The most common site is the parapharyngeal space of the neck. However, schwannoma of the supraglottic oropharynx is rare. CASE PRESENTATION: We report on a 35-year-old female who complained of progressive dysphagia, from whom a large schwannoma in the supraglottic oropharynx was excised through a transoral approach...
August 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725294/acupuncture-benefits-for-flammer-syndrome-in-individuals-with-inherited-diseases-of-the-retina
#13
Tilo Blechschmidt, Maike Krumsiek, Margarita G Todorova
BACKGROUND: Patients with inherited diseases of the retina (IRD) often exhibit signs and symptoms of Flammer syndrome (FS). Acupuncture treatment has shown its positive effect on visual function in patients with IRD. The aim of the present study is to examine the effect of acupuncture on signs and symptoms of FS in a cohort of patients suffering simultaneously FS and IRD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective pilot study was performed on 17 patients with FS and IRD: rod-cone dystrophy, Nr: 12 (RCD); cone-rod dystrophy, Nr: 3 (CRD) and inherited macular dystrophy, Nr: 2 (IMD; 12♀, 5♂; mean age: 44...
June 2017: EPMA Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725291/relationship-between-normal-tension-glaucoma-and-flammer-syndrome
#14
Katarzyna Konieczka, Hyuk Jin Choi, Simone Koch, Franz Fankhauser, Andreas Schoetzau, Dong Myung Kim
BACKGROUND: Besides intraocular pressure, vascular factors play a role in the pathogenesis of glaucomatous optic neuropathy. One of these potential vascular factors is Flammer syndrome. The purpose of the present study was to determine in a Korean population whether signs and symptoms of Flammer syndrome occur more often in normal tension glaucoma patients than in control subjects. METHODS: Two hundred forty-six normal tension glaucoma patients and 1116 control subjects responded to a multiple-choice questionnaire asking about 15 signs and symptoms of Flammer syndrome...
June 2017: EPMA Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725283/q-is-addiction-a-brain-disease-or-a-moral-failing-a-neither
#15
Nick Heather
This article uses Marc Lewis' work as a springboard to discuss the socio-political context of the brain disease model of addiction (BDMA). The claim that promotion of the BDMA is the only way the general public can be persuaded to withhold blame and punishment from addicts is critically examined. After a discussion of public understandings of the disease concept of addiction, it is pointed out that it is possible to develop a scientific account of addiction which is neither a disease nor a moral model but which the public could understand...
2017: Neuroethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725269/musculoskeletal-echinococcus-infection-as-a-rare-first-presentation-of-hydatid-disease-case-report
#16
A Marzouki, A Naam, S Abdulrazak, B Soumaré, K Lahrach, F Boutayeb
BACKGROUND: Hydatid disease (HD) is a cosmopolitan parasitosis caused by Echinococcus granulosus that can potentially affect any part of the human body. Liver and lungs are the most frequent localizations. Primary musculoskeletal hydatidosis are seldom reported in literature and their incidence is unknown. CASE PRESENTATION: We deem interesting to report a case of a primary hydatid cyst in a 25-year-old patient who presented with a painful swelling of the right elbow...
2017: Patient Safety in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725253/computed-tomography-based-treatment-planning-for-high-dose-rate-brachytherapy-using-the-tandem-and-ring-applicator-influence-of-applicator-choice-on-organ-dose-and-inter-fraction-adaptive-planning
#17
REVIEW
Vishruta A Dumane, Yading Yuan, Ren-Dih Sheu, Vishal Gupta
Three dimensional planning for high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy in cervical cancer has been highly recommended by consensus guidelines such as the American Brachytherapy Society (ABS) and the Groupe Européen de Curiethérapie - European Society for Radiotherapy and Oncology (GEC-ESTRO). In this document, we describe our experience with computed tomography (CT)-based planning using the tandem/ring applicator. We discuss the influence of applicator geometry on doses to organs at risk (OARs), namely the bladder, rectum, and sigmoid...
June 2017: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725249/two-years-results-of-electronic-brachytherapy-for-basal-cell-carcinoma
#18
Rosa Ballester-Sánchez, Olga Pons-Llanas, Cristian Candela-Juan, Blanca de Unamuno-Bustos, Francisco Javier Celada-Alvarez, Alejandro Tormo-Mico, Jose Perez-Calatayud, Rafael Botella-Estrada
PURPOSE: The use of radiation therapy (RT) for non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) has been changing throughout the last century. Over the last decades, the use of radiotherapy has surged with the development of new techniques, applicators, and devices. In recent years, electronic brachytherapy (eBT) devices that use small x-ray sources have been introduced as alternative to radionuclide dependence. Nowadays, several devices have been incorporated, with a few series reported, and with a short follow-up, due to the recent introduction of these systems...
June 2017: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724930/assessment-of-different-techniques-for-3d-superimposition-of-serial-digital-maxillary-dental-casts-on-palatal-structures
#19
Georgios Vasilakos, Roman Schilling, Demetrios Halazonetis, Nikolaos Gkantidis
Serial 3-dimensional dental model superimposition provides a risk-free, detailed evaluation of morphological alterations on a patient's mouth. Here, we evaluated accuracy and precision of five palatal areas, used for superimposition of maxillary 3D digital dental casts. Sixteen pre- and post-orthodontic treatment dental casts of growing patients (median time lapse: 15.1 months) were superimposed on each palatal area using the iterative closest point algorithm. Area A (medial 2/3 of the third rugae and a small area dorsal to them) was considered the gold standard, due to high anatomical stability...
July 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724880/immediate-and-long-term-outcomes-of-native-aortic-coarctation-and-postsurgical-aortic-recoarctation-treated-with-stent-implantation-one-center-experience
#20
Sylwia Sulik, Roland Fiszer, Giancarla Scalone, Omar Gomez Monterrosas, Jacek Białkowski, Małgorzata Szkutnik
INTRODUCTION    Stent implantation has become the treatment of choice for native and post surgical recurrence aortic coarctation in adults and adolescents.  OBJECTIVES    This study aimed to compare the immediate and long term outcomes of patients with native aortic coarctation (native CoA) and post-surgical aortic recoarctation (ReCoA) who underwent stent implantation in our center.  PATIENTS AND METHODS    The data of 136 patients with native CoA and ReCoA who underwent stent implantation between May 1999 and December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed...
June 6, 2017: Polish Archives of Internal Medicine
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