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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152516/how-do-i-write-a-scientific-article-a-personal-perspective
#1
Giuseppe Lippi
Scientific writing is not an easy task. Although there is no single and universally agreed strategy for assembling a successful scientific article, it is undeniable that some basic notions, gathered after decades of experience, may help increasing the chance of acceptance of a scientific manuscript. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to present a personal and arbitrary perspective on how to write a scientific article, entailing a tentative flowchart and a checklist describing the most important aspects characterizing each section of the manuscript...
October 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135618/pathway-for-the-management-of-hyperglycemia-in-the-cardiac-care-unit
#2
Seyed Hamed Hosseini Dehkordi, Jeanine Albu, Emad F Aziz, Eyal Herzog
Inpatient hyperglycemia has been associated with increased morbidity and mortality in critically ill patients. Optimal control of blood glucose (BG) levels using insulin infusion protocols has been shown to improve clinical outcomes. Protocols have been developed to prescribe a safe and effective rate of insulin infusion for optimal control of BG levels; however, a major obstacle in their implementation is their complexity. We have revised and updated our previously published pathway for the management of hyperglycemia, which introduces the "wheel" concept for insulin dosing...
December 2017: Critical Pathways in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134235/correction-to-the-p-n-positive-to-negative-links-ratio-in-complex-networks-a-promising-in-silico-biomarker-for-detecting-changes-occurring-in-the-human-microbiome
#3
Zhanshan Sam Ma
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a missing image. The flowchart was not captured in PDF version. The original article was corrected.
November 13, 2017: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129000/health-literacy-in-type-2-diabetes-patients-a-systematic-review-of-systematic-reviews
#4
Rosario Caruso, Arianna Magon, Irene Baroni, Federica Dellafiore, Cristina Arrigoni, Francesco Pittella, Davide Ausili
Aim To summarize, critically review, and interpret the evidence related to the systematic reviews on health literacy (HL) amongst type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods The methodology for this study consisted of a systematic review of systematic reviews, using the PRISMA statement and flowchart to select studies, and searching on PubMed, CINAHL, Scopus, and Cochrane. The search covered the period between January 2006 and June 2016. Results From the 115 identified record by the queries, only six systematic reviews were included, following a quality evaluation using AMSTAR...
November 11, 2017: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123012/prostate-cancer-molecular-imaging-standardized-evaluation-promise-proposed-mitnm-classification-for-the-interpretation-of-psma-ligand-pet-ct
#5
Matthias Eiber, Ken Herrmann, Jeremie Calais, Boris Hadaschihk, Frederik L Giesel, Markus Hartenbach, Thomas Hope, Robert Reiter, Tobias Maurer, Wolfgang A Weber, Wolfgang P Fendler
Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-ligand positron emission tomography (PET)-imaging provides unprecedented accuracy for whole body staging of prostate cancer. As PSMA-ligand PET/computed tomography (CT) is increasingly adopted in clinical trials and routine practice worldwide, a unified language for image reporting is urgently needed. We propose a molecular imaging tumor, node and metastasis system (miTNM Version 1.0) as standardized reporting framework for PSMA-ligand PET/CT or PET/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110638/application-of-the-2016-diagnostic-approach-for-autoimmune-encephalitis-from-lancet-neurology-to-chinese-patients
#6
Lin Li, Lin Sun, Rong Du, Yuanchu Zheng, Feifei Dai, Qiuying Ma, Jiawei Wang
BACKGROUND: A unified clinical approach to diagnose autoimmune encephalitis was published in Lancet Neurology in 2016. Purpose of our study is to examine the feasibility and reasonability of the 2016 "A clinical approach to diagnosis of autoimmune encephalitis" in China with a retrospective study. METHODS: We retrospectively collected 95 cases of autoimmune encephalitis and non autoimmune encephalitis cases with detailed clinical data from Beijing Tongren Hospital and the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI)...
November 6, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106452/acute-aortic-syndromes-diagnosis-and-management-an-update
#7
Eduardo Bossone, Troy M LaBounty, Kim A Eagle
Acute aortic syndromes (AAS) encompass a constellation of life-threatening medical conditions including classic acute aortic dissection (AAD), intramural haematoma, and penetrating atherosclerotic aortic ulcer. Given the non-specific symptoms and physical signs, a high clinical index of suspicion is necessary to detect the disease before irreversible lethal complications occur. In order to reduce the diagnostic time delay, a comprehensive flowchart for decision-making based on pre-test sensitivity of AAS has been designed by the European Society of Cardiology guidelines on aortic diseases and should be thus applied in the emergency scenario...
June 30, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093622/adalimumab-efficacy-in-enteropathic-spondyloarthritis-a-12-mo-observational-multidisciplinary-study
#8
Michele Maria Luchetti, Devis Benfaremo, Francesco Ciccia, Laura Bolognini, Monia Ciferri, Alessia Farinelli, Matteo Rossini, Piergiorgio Mosca, Giovanni Triolo, Armando Gabrielli
AIM: To report adalimumab (Ada) efficacy on articular-gastrointestinal disease and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with enteropathic spondyloarthritis (ES). METHODS: A cohort of 52 patients with ES was evaluated in the departments of gastroenterology and internal medicine. At baseline, all patients underwent assessment by an integrated gastro-rheumatologic evaluation of articular and gastrointestinal activity, as well patient reported outcomes (PROs) of the HRQoL questionnaires...
October 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080740/optical-projection-tomography-via-phase-retrieval-algorithms
#9
Daniele Ancora, Diego Di Battista, Georgia Giasafaki, Stylianos E Psycharakis, Evangelos Liapis, Jorge Ripoll, Giannis Zacharakis
We describe a computational method for accurate, quantitative tomographic reconstructions in Optical Projection Tomography, based on phase retrieval algorithms. Our method overcomes limitations imposed by light scattering in opaque tissue samples under the memory effect regime, as well as reduces artifacts due to mechanical movements, misalignments or vibrations. We make use of Gerchberg-Saxton algorithms, calculating first the autocorrelation of the object and then retrieving the associated phase under four numerically simulated measurement conditions...
October 25, 2017: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071856/-a-study-on-exploring-consensus-developing-standards-in-clinical-practice-guideline-for-traditional-chinese-medicine
#10
Xing Liao, Jing Hu, Yan-Ming Xie, Yong-Yan Wang
It is a compulsory step from expert consensus to recommendation in developing clinical practice guideline. Therefore, it is necessary to establish standards for structuring expert consensus developing process by integrating traditional Chinese medicine theories into evidence. We summarized our experience to put forward to forming a flowchart and transparency process for making recommendation considering both evidence and traditional theories from traditional Chinese medicine in making clinical guideline. It is hoped that this could be useful for future researchers in this area...
April 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058579/breach-management-flowchart
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of the California Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057573/practical-guidance-for-using-multiple-data-sources-in-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses-with-examples-from-the-muds-study
#12
Evan Mayo-Wilson, Tianjing Li, Nicole Fusco, Kay Dickersin
Data for individual trials included in systematic reviews may be available in multiple sources. For example, a single trial might be reported in two journal articles and three conference abstracts. Because of differences across sources, source selection can influence the results of systematic reviews. We used our experience in the Multiple Data Sources in Systematic Reviews (MUDS) study, and evidence from previous studies, to develop practical guidance for using multiple data sources in systematic reviews. We recommend: (1) Specify which sources you will use...
October 23, 2017: Research Synthesis Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057360/surgery-or-not-a-case-of-ventriculus-terminalis-in-an-adult-patient
#13
Rocco Severino, Paolo Severino
The ventriculus terminalis (VT) is an intramedullary cavity containing cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), usually located at the conus, and represents an unsuccessful regression of a normal embryological phase of the development of the neural tube. Symptoms are not univocal and may vary from aspecific signs to sphincter dysfunctions and focal neurological deficits. The correct management of this condition is still an object of debate due to its rarity and its unpredictable behaviour in adult patients. Two different studies have proposed a distinction for patients with cystic dilatation of VT based on their symptoms, suggesting that only those patients with neurological deficits clearly related to the terminal ventricle could benefit from surgery...
September 2017: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052529/evaluating-a-multi-component-community-based-program-to-improve-adherence-and-retention-in-care-among-adolescents-living-with-hiv-in-zimbabwe-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Webster Mavhu, Nicola Willis, Juliet Mufuka, Collin Mangenah, Kudzanayi Mvududu, Sarah Bernays, Walter Mangezi, Tsitsi Apollo, Ricardo Araya, Helen A Weiss, Frances M Cowan
BACKGROUND: World Health Organization (WHO) adolescent HIV-testing and treatment guidelines recommend community-based interventions to support antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence and retention in care, while acknowledging that the evidence to support this recommendation is weak. This cluster randomized controlled trial aims to evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a psychosocial, community-based intervention on HIV-related and psychosocial outcomes. METHODS/DESIGN: We are conducting the trial in two districts...
October 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046599/we-know-the-yin-but-where-is-the-yang-toward-a-balanced-approach-on-common-source-bias-in-public-administration-scholarship
#15
Bert George, Sanjay K Pandey
Surveys have long been a dominant instrument for data collection in public administration. However, it has become widely accepted in the last decade that the usage of a self-reported instrument to measure both the independent and dependent variables results in common source bias (CSB). In turn, CSB is argued to inflate correlations between variables, resulting in biased findings. Subsequently, a narrow blinkered approach on the usage of surveys as single data source has emerged. In this article, we argue that this approach has resulted in an unbalanced perspective on CSB...
June 2017: Rev Public Pers Adm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045062/tokyo-guidelines-2018-flowchart-for-the-management-of-acute-cholecystitis
#16
Kohji Okamoto, Kenji Suzuki, Tadahiro Takada, Steven M Strasberg, Horacio J Asbun, Itaru Endo, Yukio Iwashita, Taizo Hibi, Henry A Pitt, Akiko Umezawa, Koji Asai, Ho-Seong Han, Tsann-Long Hwang, Yasuhisa Mori, Yoo-Seok Yoon, Wayne Shih-Wei Huang, Giulio Belli, Christos Dervenis, Masamichi Yokoe, Seiki Kiriyama, Takao Itoi, Palepu Jagannath, O James Garden, Fumihiko Miura, Masafumi Nakamura, Akihiko Horiguchi, Go Wakabayashi, Daniel Cherqui, Eduardo de Santibañes, Satoru Shikata, Yoshinori Noguchi, Tomohiko Ukai, Ryota Higuchi, Keita Wada, Goro Honda, Avinash Nivritti Supe, Masahiro Yoshida, Toshihiko Mayumi, Dirk J Gouma, Daniel J Deziel, Kui-Hin Liau, Miin-Fu Chen, Kazunori Shibao, Keng-Hao Liu, Cheng-Hsi Su, Angus C W Chan, Dong-Sup Yoon, In-Seok Choi, Eduard Jonas, Xiao-Ping Chen, Sheung Tat Fan, Chen-Guo Ker, Mariano Eduardo Giménez, Seigo Kitano, Masafumi Inomata, Koichi Hirata, Kazuo Inui, Yoshinobu Sumiyama, Masakazu Yamamoto
We propose a new flowchart for the treatment of acute cholecystitis (AC) in TG18. Grade III AC was not indicated for straightforward laparoscopic cholecystectomy (Lap-C). Following analysis of subsequent clinical investigations and drawing on Big Data in particular, TG18 proposes that some Grade III AC can be treated by Lap-C when performed at advanced centers with specialized surgeons experienced in this procedure and for patients that satisfy certain strict criteria. For Grade I, TG18 recommends early Lap-C if the patients meet the criteria of Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI)≤5 and American Society of Anesthesiologist physical status classification (ASA-PS)≤2...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032127/associations-between-posture-voice-and-dysphonia-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Ricardo Cardoso, José Lumini-Oliveira, Rute F Meneses
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to systematize the associations between posture, voice, and dysphonia in order to support future research directions and possible clinical interventions. STUDY DESIGN: The study is a systematic review. METHODS: According to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses flowchart, a search on PubMed/Medline, SciELO, RCAAP, LILACS, Cochrane Library, PEDro, and Isi Web of Knowledge was performed from their inception through January of 2017 using the key words "posture" and ("voice" or "dysphonia")...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019541/laryngeal-chondroradionecrosis-following-radiotherapy
#18
Giulianno Molina Melo, Paula Demetrio Souza, Luiz Castro Bastos, Murilo Catafesta Neves, Kleber Simões do Espirito Santo, Onivaldo Cervantes, Márcio Abrahão
OBJECTIVE: to study larynx chondroradionecrosis related to radiotherapy and chemotherapy treatment and provide a treatment flowchart. METHODS: retrospective study with clinical data analysis of all larynx cancer patients admitted in a two tertiary hospital in a five years period. RESULTS: from 131 patients treated for larynx cancer, 28 underwent chemoradiotherapy with curative intent and three of them presented chondroradionecrosis. They were treated with hiperbaric oxigen therapy and surgical debridment following our flowchart, preserving the larynx in all...
July 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977239/communicating-bad-news-an-integrative-review-of-the-nursing-literature
#19
Cassiana Mendes Bertoncello Fontes, Daniele Vieira de Menezes, Maria Helena Borgato, Marcos Roberto Luiz
Objectives: describe how the process of breaking bad news is established and identify how nurses approach the task of giving bad news. Method: integrative review of the literature for articles in Portuguese and English published between 1993-2014, in the databases: Bireme, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, CINAHL and Embase. Nine articles were included using the selection flow chart. A digital form was completed for each article according to the Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Research checklist and the level of scientific evidence was determined...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970744/analysing-a-chinese-regional-integrated-healthcare-organisation-reform-failure-using-a-complex-adaptive-system-approach
#20
Wenxi Tang, Lai Wei, Liang Zhang
INTRODUCTION: China's organised health system has remained outdated for decades. Current health systems in many less market-oriented countries still adhere to traditional administrative-based directives and linear planning. Furthermore, they neglect the responsiveness and feedback of institutions and professionals, which often results in reform failure in integrated care. Complex adaptive system theory (CAS) provides a new perspective and methodology for analysing the health system and policy implementation...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Integrated Care
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