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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158575/a-flowchart-for-building-evidence-based-care-bundles-in-intensive-care-based-on-a-systematic-review
#1
Marjon Borgert, Jan Binnekade, Frederique Paulus, Astrid Goossens, Dave Dongelmans
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154827/influence-of-rotation-increments-on-imaging-performance-for-a-rotatory-dual-head-pet-system
#2
Fanzhen Meng, Xu Cao, Xuezhou Cao, Jianxun Wang, Liang Li, Xueli Chen, Shouping Zhu, Jimin Liang
For a rotatory dual-head positron emission tomography (PET) system, how to determine the rotation increments is an open problem. In this study, we simulated the characteristics of a rotatory dual-head PET system. The influences of different rotation increments were compared and analyzed. Based on this simulation, the imaging performance of a prototype system was verified. A reconstruction flowchart was proposed based on a precalculated system response matrix (SRM). The SRM made the relationships between the voxels and lines of response (LORs) fixed; therefore, we added the interpolation method into the flowchart...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151987/validity-of-the-manchester-triage-system-in-emergency-care-a-prospective-observational-study
#3
Joany M Zachariasse, Nienke Seiger, Pleunie P M Rood, Claudio F Alves, Paulo Freitas, Frank J Smit, Gert R Roukema, Henriëtte A Moll
OBJECTIVES: To determine the validity of the Manchester Triage System (MTS) in emergency care for the general population of patients attending the emergency department, for children and elderly, and for commonly used MTS flowcharts and discriminators across three different emergency care settings. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study in three European emergency departments. All consecutive patients attending the emergency department during a 1-year study period (2010-2012) were included...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133026/-treatment-using-self-expandable-metal-stent-for-ileus-associated-with-colorectal-cancer-in-our-hospital
#4
Shunsuke Imanishi, Kazuma Yamazaki, Toshihide Komatsubara, Masaaki Kodama, Satoru Kondo
From September 2013 to February 2015, 14 patients with ileus associated with colorectal cancer underwent surgeryafter applying a self-expandable metal stent in our department. Twelve were left-side colon ileus patients and 2 were right-side colon ileus patients. The technical success rate of the stent insertion was 100%. One patient experienced complications(stent occlusion). All patients were able to eat, and 9 of them were able to leave the hospital temporarilybefore the operation. All patients with left-side colon ileus had their oral-side intestine evaluated before the operation...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126973/-neuronal-intranuclear-inclusion-disease
#5
Jun Sone, Gen Sobue
Neuronal intranuclear inclusion disease (NIID) is a gradually progressing neurodegenerative disease characterized by eosinophilic hyaline intranuclear inclusions in the central and peripheral nervous systems and in certain visceral organs. The number of reported cases of NIID has recently increased after the introduction of skin biopsy for the diagnosis of NIID. Patients with sporadic NIID usually present with dementia, elevation of overall protein levels in the cerebrospinal fluid, leukoencephalopathy on head magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and high signal intensity in the corticomedurally junction on a diffusion-weighted (DW) imaging...
January 2017: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113314/weakly-supervised-multimodal-kernel-for-categorizing-aerial-photographs
#6
Yingjie Xia, Luming Zhang, Zhenguang Liu, Liqiang Nie, Xuelong Li
Accurately distinguishing aerial photographs from different categories is a promising technique in computer vision. It can facilitate a series of applications such as video surveillance and vehicle navigation. In the paper, a new image kernel is proposed for effectively recognizing aerial photographs. The key is to encode high-level semantic cues into local image patches in a weakly-supervised way, and integrate multimodal visual features using a newly-developed hashing algorithm. The flowchart can be elaborated as follows...
December 14, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099898/the-best-strategy-for-hcc-patients-at-each-bclc-stage-a-network-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#7
REVIEW
Lei Chang, Yitao Wang, Jibo Zhang, Tao Guo
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Currently, the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer staging system remains huge controversies in the management of hepatocellular carcinoma. To determine the best therapeutic strategy for patients at each stage, we conducted a network meta-analysis and aimed to provide a new treatment concept. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library database were searched for observational studies up to August 31, 2016. We extracted data on overall survival rate from studies that compared various strategies for use with patients at different stages...
January 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076549/training-of-pharmacy-technicians-for-dispensing-drugs-in-primary-health-care
#8
Daniela Oliveira de Melo, Caroline Godoi Rezende da Costa Molino, Eliane Ribeiro, Nicolina Silvana Romano-Lieber
Few Brazilian articles discuss the importance of pharmacy technicians who offer direct assistance to patients. This paper describes an experience of the training of pharmacy technicians in drug dispensing. A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted in the primary healthcare setting. The technicians were trained by the pharmacist to advise patients at the time of drug dispensing and to screen cases that needed pharmaceutical consultation. Problems were identified by verifying the prescription and return date for dispensing the medication as well as through direct questioning of the patients...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073203/testicular-sparing-surgery-in-small-testis-masses-a-multinstitutional-experience
#9
Andrea B Galosi, Paola Fulvi, Andrea Fabiani, Lucilla Servi, Alessandra Filosa, Luca Leone, Angelo Marronaro, Enrico Caraceni, Rodolfo Montironi
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of benign testicular tumors is increasing in particular in small lesion incidentally found at scrotal ultrasonography. Primary aim of this study was to perform radical surgery in malignant tumor. Secondary aim was to verify the efficacy of the diagnostic-therapeutic pathway recently adopted in management of small masses with testis sparing surgery in benign lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this multicenter study, we reviewed all patients with single testis lesion less than 15 mm at ultrasound as main diameter...
December 30, 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046897/we-h-brc-04-implement-lean-methodology-to-make-our-current-process-of-ct-simulation-to-treatment-more-efficient
#10
S Boddu, A Morrow, N Krishnamurthy, A McVicker, N Deb, D Rangaraj
PURPOSE: Our goal is to implement lean methodology to make our current process of CT simulation to treatment more efficient. METHODS: In this study, we implemented lean methodology and tools and employed flowchart in excel for process-mapping. We formed a group of physicians, physicists, dosimetrists, therapists and a clinical physics assistant and huddled bi-weekly to map current value streams. We performed GEMBA walks and observed current processes from scheduling patient CT Simulations to treatment plan approval...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045654/information-systems-in-clinical-pharmacy-applied-to-parenteral-nutrition-management-and-traceability-a-systematic-review
#11
Josefa Martínez Gabarrón, Javier Sanz-Valero, Carmina Wanden-Berghe
OBJECTIVE: To review the scientific literature on clinical pharmacy information systems applied to parenteral nutrition (PN) management and traceability. METHOD: A systematic review of the documents retrieved from the MEDLINE (PubMed), Web of Science, Scopus, Cochrane Library, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts (IPA) and Google Scholar databases up to May, 2016. The terms used, as descriptors and free text, were: "Parenteral Nutrition" and "Drug Information Services"...
January 1, 2017: Farmacia Hospitalaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040117/skeletal-dysplasia-with-bowing-long-bones-proposed-flowchart-for-prenatal-diagnosis-with-case-demonstration
#12
Gabriele Tonni, Marcella Palmisano, Mario Lituania, Gianpaolo Grisolia, Ave Maria Baffico, Maria Paola Bonasoni, Pierpaolo Pattacini, Claudio De Felice, Edward Araujo Júnior
OBJECTIVE: Skeletal dysplasia with bowing long bones is a rare group of multiple characterized congenital anomalies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We introduce a simple, practical diagnostic flowchart that may be helpful in identifying the appropriate pathway of obstetrical management. RESULTS: Herein, we describe four fetal cases of bent bony dysplasia that focus on ultrasound findings, phenotype, molecular tests, distinctive X-ray features, and chondral growth plate histology...
December 2016: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027982/development-of-a-clinical-path-for-the-emergency-care-of-hand-bite-injuries-without-signs-of-infection
#13
Koutsomanis Alexandre, Hidalgo Diaz Juan José, Vernet Paul, Séverac François, Liverneaux Philippe, Facca Sybille
HYPOTHESIS: The care of bite injuries has not currently reached a consensus, including in our department. The goal of this study was to evaluate our current care of bite injuries by an assessment of professional practices (APP), then formulate and validate a flowchart to standardize our practices. MATERIAL AND METHODS: During a first round of file reviewing, 30 files were randomly selected and then evaluated using a 15 item auditing form (group 1). A flowchart was then designed to standardize the care of hand bite injuries and released in our department...
December 24, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018101/management-of-neuroendocrine-carcinomas-of-the-pancreas-who-g3-a-tailored-approach-between-proliferation-and-morphology
#14
REVIEW
Stefano Crippa, Stefano Partelli, Giulio Belfiori, Marco Palucci, Francesca Muffatti, Olga Adamenko, Luca Cardinali, Claudio Doglioni, Giuseppe Zamboni, Massimo Falconi
Neuroendocrine carcinomas (NEC) of the pancreas are defined by a mitotic count > 20 mitoses/10 high power fields and/or Ki67 index > 20%, and included all the tumors previously classified as poorly differentiated endocrine carcinomas. These latter are aggressive malignancies with a high propensity for distant metastases and poor prognosis, and they can be further divided into small- and large-cell subtypes. However in the NEC category are included also neuroendocrine tumors with a well differentiated morphology but ki67 index > 20%...
December 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012538/assessment-of-complete-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-patients-determination-of-factors-effecting-dental-arch-relationships
#15
Anas Imran Arshad, Mohammad Khursheed Alam, Mohd Fadhli Khamis
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the current study was to assess the treatment outcome of non-syndromic patients having complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (CUCLP) by using GOSLON index and to determine any association of pre and/or postnatal factors with the treatment outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and one sets of dental models of patients having CUCLP were assessed in this retrospective study. Five examiners that were blinded to case-specific information scored the dental models at two instances with an interval of two weeks to ensure memory bias elimination (5 × 101 × 2 = 1010 observations)...
January 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000520/small-bowel-villous-atrophy-celiac-disease-and-beyond
#16
Luca Elli, Federica Branchi, Reena Sidhu, Stefano Guandalini, Asaad Assiri, Firas Rinawi, Raanan Shamir, Prasenjit Das, Govind K Makharia
Small bowel villous atrophy can represent a diagnostic challenge for gastroenterologists and pathologists. In Western countries small bowel atrophy and mild non-atrophic alterations are frequently caused by celiac disease. However, other pathology can mimic celiac disease microscopically, widening the differential diagnosis. The several novelties on this topic and the introduction of the device-assisted enteroscopy in the diagnostic flowchart make an update of the literature necessary. Areas covered: In this review, a description of the different clinical scenarios when facing with small bowel mucosal damage, particularly small bowel atrophy, is described...
February 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998921/the-performance-of-alcohol-markers-including-ethyl-glucuronide-and-ethyl-sulphate-to-detect-alcohol-use-in-clients-in-a-community-alcohol-treatment-programme
#17
Jane M Armer, Lihini Gunawardana, Rebecca L Allcock
AIMS: The ethanol metabolites ethyl glucuronide (EtG) and ethyl sulphate (EtS) are detectable for longer in urine than breath ethanol or urine ethanol after alcohol intake. This study compared the performance of breath ethanol, urine ethanol, urine EtG and EtS to detect alcohol consumption in clients in community alcohol treatment. METHODS: Clients attending the community alcohol treatment programme were asked to provide an alcohol diary, breathalyser test and urine for ethanol, EtG and EtS measurement (n = 42)...
January 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992336/weakly-supervised-multimodal-kernel-for-categorizing-aerial-photographs
#18
Yingjie Xia, Luming Zhang, Zhenguang Liu, Liqiang Nie, Xuelong Li
Accurately distinguishing aerial photographs from different categories is a promising technique in computer vision. It can facilitate a series of applications such as video surveillance and vehicle navigation. In the paper, a new image kernel is proposed for effectively recognizing aerial photographs. The key is to encode high-level semantic cues into local image patches in a weakly-supervised way, and integrate multimodal visual features using a newly-developed hashing algorithm. The flowchart can be elaborated as follows...
December 14, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990151/genome-editing-technologies-for-enhancing-plant-disease-resistance
#19
REVIEW
Giuseppe Andolfo, Paolo Iovieno, Luigi Frusciante, Maria R Ercolano
One of the greatest challenges for agricultural science in the 21st century is to improve yield stability through the progressive development of superior cultivars. The increasing numbers of infectious plant diseases that are caused by plant-pathogens make it ever more necessary to develop new strategies for plant disease resistance breeding. Targeted genome engineering allows the introduction of precise modifications directly into a commercial variety, offering a viable alternative to traditional breeding methods...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975291/a-systematic-bioinformatics-approach-to-identify-high-quality-mass-spectrometry-data-and-functionally-annotate-proteins-and-proteomes
#20
Mohammad Tawhidul Islam, Abidali Mohamedali, Seong Beom Ahn, Ishmam Nawar, Mark S Baker, Shoba Ranganathan
In the past decade, proteomics and mass spectrometry have taken tremendous strides forward, particularly in the life sciences, spurred on by rapid advances in technology resulting in generation and conglomeration of vast amounts of data. Though this has led to tremendous advancements in biology, the interpretation of the data poses serious challenges for many practitioners due to the immense size and complexity of the data. Furthermore, the lack of annotation means that a potential gold mine of relevant biological information may be hiding within this data...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
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