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Carcinoma ovary

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415994/a-pathological-and-clinical-study-of-706-primary-tumours-of-the-ovary-in-the-largest-tertiary-hospital-in-ghana
#1
Patrick Kafui Akakpo, Leonard Derkyi-Kwarteng, Richard Kwasi Gyasi, Solomom Edward Quayson, Simon Naporo, Jehoram Tei Anim
BACKGROUND: Ovarian tumours are a leading cause of death in Ghana. Even though geographical and racial differences exist in the frequency, types and age distribution of primary ovarian tumours, information about the clinical and pathological characteristics of ovarian tumours in Ghana and its neighboring countries is scanty. We determined the frequency, age distribution, histopathological types and clinical features of primary ovarian tumours diagnosed at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital in Ghana to aid in the management of patients...
April 17, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412735/glucose-deprivation-elicits-phenotypic-plasticity-via-zeb1-mediated-expression-of-nnmt
#2
Justyna Kanska, Paul-Joseph P Aspuria, Barbie Taylor-Harding, Lindsay Spurka, Vincent Funari, Sandra Orsulic, Beth Y Karlan, W Ruprecht Wiedemeyer
Glucose is considered the primary energy source for all cells, and some cancers are addicted to glucose. Here, we investigated the functional consequences of chronic glucose deprivation in serous ovarian cancer cells. We found that cells resistant to glucose starvation (glucose-restricted cells) demonstrated increased metabolic plasticity that was dependent on NNMT (Nicotinamide N-methyltransferase) expression. We further show that ZEB1 induced NNMT, rendered cells resistant to glucose deprivation and recapitulated metabolic adaptations and mesenchymal gene expression observed in glucose-restricted cells...
February 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401199/clinicopathology-of-epcam-and-egfr-in-human-epithelial-ovarian-carcinoma
#3
Jingying Zheng, Lijing Zhao, Yi Wang, Shuhua Zhao, Manhua Cui
The objective of this study was to explore the expression of EpCAM and EGFR in human epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) and their correlation with clinicopathological parameters. The protein expression levels of epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) were evaluated by immunohistochemistry in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded specimens from 30 patients with epithelial ovarian carcinoma and 15 normal ovary tissues. Clinicopathological characteristics were gathered by retrospective review of the patients' files...
January 2017: Open Medicine (Warsaw, Poland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399030/challenging-salpingectomy-as-a-risk-reducing-measure-for-ovarian-cancer-histopathological-analysis-of-the-tubo-ovarian-interface-in-women-undergoing-risk-reducing-salpingo-oophorectomy
#4
Chloe Ayres, Gayanie Ratnayake, Orla McNally, Michael Quinn
OBJECTIVE: Opportunistic bilateral salpingectomy is now promoted for women at the time of hysterectomy for a benign disease, consequent to the fimbrial end of the fallopian tube emerging as the primary site for carcinogenesis in high-grade serous carcinomas. In high-risk women with an identified germ line mutation, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy offers the greatest risk reduction for ovarian cancer. Currently, no prospective evidence exists with respect to the effectiveness of opportunistic salpingectomy alone in preventing ovarian cancer...
April 8, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389144/clear-cell-carcinomas-of-the-ovary-have-poorer-outcomes-compared-with-serous-carcinomas-results-from-a-single-center-taiwanese-study
#5
Fei-Chun Ku, Ren-Chin Wu, Lan-Yan Yang, Yun-Hsin Tang, Wei-Yang Chang, Jung-Erh Yang, Chun-Chieh Wang, Shih-Ming Jung, Cheng-Tao Lin, Ting-Chang Chang, Angel Chao, Chyong-Huey Lai
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: To compare the clinical outcomes of Taiwanese patients with ovarian clear cell carcinomas (CCCs) and serous carcinomas (SCs). METHODS: We retrieved the clinical records of women with epithelial ovarian cancer (Stage I-IV) who received primary surgeries between 2000 and 2013. Cancer-specific survival (CSS), progression-free survival, and survival after recurrence (SAR) of CCC and SC patients were retrospectively compared. Multivariate analysis was used to identify the independent predictors of survival...
April 4, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375941/two-tumors-in-1-what-should-be-the-therapeutic-target-pediatric-germ-cell-tumor-with-somatic-malignant-transformation
#6
Cecile Faure Conter, Brice Fresneau, Estelle Thebaud, Amandine Bertrand, Frederique Dijoud, Angelique Rome, Cecile Dumesnil, Marie Pierre Castex, Anguella Ghanem, Daniel Orbach
BACKGROUND: Germ cell tumors with somatic malignant transformation (GCT with SMT) are rare in children and poorly described. Data are missing to determine if therapies should target the GCT, the SMT compound, or both simultaneously. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective national study was conducted in the Société Française des cancers de l'Enfant (SFCE) Centers. Medical records from patients aged 0 to 18 years diagnosed with GCT with SMT between 2000 and 2015 were analyzed...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367208/small-cell-carcinoma-of-the-ovary-hypercalcemic-type-sccoht-a-rare-case-after-in-vitro-fertilization-ivf
#7
Ahmed Ghazi, Aqueela Ayaz, Tahira Hamid, Mian Usman Farooq, Nikita Islam
Small cell carcinoma of the ovary, hypercalcemic type (SCCOHT) is a very rare and lethal tumor, mostly affecting young women, with aggressive clinical course. It has a worse prognosis in younger women and most of them died within two years of diagnosis. We are reporting a unique case of SCCOHT in a 35 years old, nulliparous lady with primary infertility in which symptomatic hypercalcemia was a presenting feature of her cancer. She was completely healthy before third cycle of IVF. Within two months of her third IVF cycle, she developed SCCOHT with a very rapid and aggressive course of disease and fatal outcome...
January 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362708/napsin-a-a-possible-diagnostic-marker-for-differentiating-clear-cell-ovarian-carcinoma-from-other-high-grade-ovarian-carcinomas
#8
Hanan A Alshenawy, Dina A Radi
Ovarian clear cell carcinoma (CCC) is divergent from other types of epithelial ovarian carcinoma in terms of clinicopathologic and molecular features. It should be separated from other high-grade carcinomas of the ovary for appropriate treatment. Napsin A is a reliable marker for adenocarcinoma of the lungs, but its role in ovarian epithelial carcinomas is vague. We investigated the expression of a panel of TTF-1, paired box 8, estrogen receptor, Wilms tumor 1, and Napsin A in 100 cases of high-grade ovarian carcinomas...
March 30, 2017: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360468/air-leak-an-unusual-manifestation-of-organizing-pneumonia-secondary-to-bleomycin
#9
R Namitha, K P Nimisha, Nasser Yusuf, C P Rauf
Organizing pneumonia (OP) is a less common interstitial lung disease with varying clinical picture. The development of pulmonary air leak in a case of OP is an extremely rare complication. Here, we report the case of a 46-year-old female with carcinoma ovary, postchemotherapy who developed respiratory distress with pneumomediastinum, and subcutaneous emphysema. Lung biopsy showed evidence of OP. This turned out to be a rare case of OP, secondary to bleomycin chemotherapy, presenting with pulmonary air leak.
March 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357094/high-grade-serous-ovarian-cancer-3-years-after-bilateral-salpingectomy-a-case-report
#10
Emi Sato, Kentaro Nakayama, Masako Ishikawa, Kohei Nakamura, Tomoka Ishibashi, Satoru Kyo
Although epithelial ovarian cancer commonly originates from the ovarian surface epithelium and/or ovarian inclusion cysts, it was recently proposed that high-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSC) develops from the Fallopian tubes. In our department, we encountered a case of HGSC that contradicts the hypothesis of a tubal origin for HGSC. A 51-year-old postmenopausal woman had undergone hysterectomy, left oophorectomy and bilateral salpingectomy for uterine myoma. Three years later, the patient was diagnosed with stage IV ovarian cancer and underwent primary debulking surgery...
February 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349821/lamp3-expression-correlated-with-poor-clinical-outcome-in-human-ovarian-cancer
#11
Di Wang, Xuemin Cao, Yuquan Zhang, Yuanlin Liu, Chan Yao, Wenliang Ge, Yunzhao Xu
Lysosome-associated membrane protein 3 belongs to the lysosome-associated membrane glycoprotein family, which is associated with lymph node, metastasis, poor overall survival, and resistance to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Epithelial ovarian cancer is one of the most deadly global female gynecologic malignant tumors. Its clinical outcome is poor and most epithelial ovarian cancer patients tend to relapse because of drug resistance. However, lysosome-associated membrane protein 3 expression in epithelial ovarian cancer and its relationship between clinicopathologic factors remain poorly understood...
March 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342812/a-laparo-endoscopic-single-site-surgical-approach-to-laparoscopic-salpingectomy
#12
Stacey A Scheib
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate a laparo-endoscopic single site (LESS) surgical approach to salpingectomy. DESIGN: Technical video demonstrating step-by-step a LESS surgical approach to salpingectomy. (Canadian Task Force classification level III). IRB approval was not required for this study. SETTING: Of all gynecologic cancer types, ovarian cancer has the highest mortality rate and is the fifth leading cause of cancer deaths among women...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316851/pure-primary-ovarian-squamous-cell-carcinoma-perforating-the-rectum
#13
Kazuya Mimura, Aiko Okada, Naotsugu Haraguchi, Kenjiro Sawada, Takuji Tomimatsu, Tadashi Kimura
Rectal perforation is uncommon in ovarian cancer, even in advanced stages. Pure primary ovarian squamous cell carcinoma is a very rare subtype of ovarian cancer and has not been reported to cause rectal perforation. A 50-year-old woman presented with rectal bleeding. Rectosigmoidoscopy suggested perforation of a pelvic tumor into the rectum. Abdominopelvic magnetic resonance imaging revealed a 9 cm heterogeneous mass in the pouch of Douglas. We performed complete cytoreduction, including an en-bloc resection of the tumor and rectosigmoid colon...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292935/selective-killing-of-smarca2-and-smarca4-deficient-small-cell-carcinoma-of-the-ovary-hypercalcemic-type-cells-by-inhibition-of-ezh2-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-preclinical-models
#14
Elayne Chan-Penebre, Kelli Armstrong, Allison Drew, Alexandra R Grassian, Igor Feldman, Sarah K Knutson, Kristy Kuplast-Barr, Maria Roche, John Campbell, Peter Ho, Robert A Copeland, Richard Chesworth, Jesse J Smith, Heike Keilhack, Scott A Ribich
The SWI/SNF complex is a major regulator of gene expression and is increasingly thought to play an important role in human cancer, as evidenced by the high frequency of subunit mutations across virtually all cancer types. We previously reported that in preclinical models, malignant rhabdoid tumors, which are deficient in the SWI/SNF core component INI1 (SMARCB1), are selectively killed by inhibitors of the H3K27 histone methyltransferase EZH2. Given the demonstrated antagonistic activities of the SWI/SNF complex and the EZH2-containing PRC2 complex, we investigated whether additional cancers with SWI/SNF mutations are sensitive to selective EZH2 inhibition...
March 14, 2017: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281868/binding-and-biologic-characterization-of-recombinant-human-serum-albumin-etgfbr2-fusion-protein-expressed-in-cho-cells
#15
Aini Wan, Yana Miao, Lin Peng, Yanfei Cai, Yun Chen, Yang He, Jianfeng Yang, Jian Jin, Huazhong Li
Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) signaling is involved in cell metabolism, growth, differentiation, carcinoma invasion and fibrosis development, which suggests TGF-β1 can be treated as a therapeutic target extensively. Because TGF-β1 receptor type α(TGFBR2) is the directed and essential mediator for TGF-β1 signals, the extracellular domain of TGFBR2 (eTGFBR2), binding partner for TGF-β1, has been produced in a series of expression systems to inhibit TGF-β1 signaling. However, eTGFBR2 is unstable with a short half-life predominantly because of enzymatic degradation and kidney clearance...
February 17, 2017: Bioengineered
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277338/endometrioid-adenocarcinoma-arising-in-a-paratubal-cyst-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Catherine Chang, Koji Matsuo, Paulette Mhawech-Fauceglia
A 56-year-old G3P3 postmenopausal woman presented with a 5 month history of abnormal uterine bleeding and pelvic pain. A computed tomographic scan revealed a 5 cm right adnexal cystic mass in addition to a thickened, heterogenous endometrium and leiomyomatous uterus. A total laparascopic hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy with omental and peritoneal biopsy were performed. Gross examination revealed a 12 week size uterus with small fibroids, normal bilateral atrophic ovaries, and a right paratubal cyst...
March 2017: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274004/triple-synchronous-malignancies-in-genital-tract-primary-endometrial-ovarian-and-fallopian-tube-carcinoma-a-case-report
#17
Ozgur Kan, Aysegul Alkilic, Batuhan Turgay, Ali Gemici, Cem Somer Atabekoglu
Synchronous malignancies, including three or more tumours, are extremely rare. Herein, we present a case of a woman with a concurrent simultaneous endometrial, ovarian and fallopian tubal carcinoma with different histopathological characteristics. A 55-year-old postmenopausal woman with a diagnosis of endometrial adenocarcinoma by pipelle biopsy, underwent surgical staging. Final pathology result was reported as synchronous stage IA grade 2 endometrioid adenocarcinoma of the uterus, stage IA grade 2 mucinous adenocarcinoma of the right ovary and in situ serous cystadenocarcinoma of the right fallopian tube...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253891/evaluation-of-the-correlation-of-vasculogenic-mimicry-aldh1-kiss-1-and-macc1-in-the-prediction-of-metastasis-and-prognosis-in-ovarian-carcinoma
#18
Lan Yu, Bo Zhu, Shiwu Wu, Lei Zhou, Wenqing Song, Xiaomeng Gong, Danna Wang
BACKGROUND: Recurrence and metastasis are the usual manifestations of treatment failure of epithelial ovarian carcinoma (EOC). Vasculogenic mimicry (VM; blood supply development often seen in highly aggressive cancers), aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1, cancer stem cell biomarker), KiSS-1 (suppressor of tumor metastasis), and metastasis associated in colon cancer-1 (MACC1) are all useful predictive factors for metastasis and prognosis in various cancers. In this study, we analyzed associations among VM, ALDH1, KiSS-1, and MACC1 in EOC, and their respective correlations with clinicopathological characteristics and survival in EOC...
March 2, 2017: Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248821/metastasis-to-the-lung-from-carcinomas-of-nonpulmonary-sites-after-prolonged-disease-free-intervals
#19
Sanjay Mukhopadhyay, Pradnya D Patil, Andres A Roma
Most carcinomas of nonpulmonary sites that metastasize to the lung do so within 5 years of diagnosis. Although examples of late metastasis to the lung after prolonged disease-free intervals (>5 y) have been reported sporadically, this phenomenon has not been systematically analyzed. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical and pathologic features of metastases to the lung from carcinomas of nonpulmonary origin after prolonged disease-free intervals. We searched our pathology archives to identify lung biopsies/resections containing metastases from carcinomas of nonpulmonary origin...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246540/anticancer-effects-of-salvia-miltiorrhiza-alcohol-extract-on-oral-squamous-carcinoma-cells
#20
Wen-Hung Wang, Kuo-Yu Hsuan, Ling-Ya Chu, Chia-Ying Lee, Yu-Chang Tyan, Zong-Shiow Chen, Wan-Chi Tsai
Researchers have reported significant effects from Danshen (Salvia miltiorrhiza) in terms of inhibiting tumor cell proliferation and promoting apoptosis in breast cancer, hepatocellular carcinomas, promyelocytic leukemia, and clear cell ovary carcinomas. Here we report our data indicating that Danshen extracts, especially alcohol extract, significantly inhibited the proliferation of the human oral squamous carcinoma (OSCC) cell lines HSC-3 and OC-2. We also observed that Danshen alcohol extract activated the caspase-3 apoptosis executor by impeding members of the inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP) family, but not by regulating the Bcl-2-triggered mitochondrial pathway in OSCC cells...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
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