Read by QxMD icon Read

pills intoxication

Caner Çelik, Murat Carus, Fatih Büyükcam
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary embolism is a relatively common clinical presentation of venous thromboembolism, which develops in relation to acute pulmonary arterial occlusion mostly caused by thrombi of the lower limbs. CASE REPORT: 29year old female admitted to emergency department with pulmonary thromboembolism due to an ingestion of 17 Diana 35 pills (2 mg cyproterone acetate and 0.035mg ethinyl estradiol) in a suicide attempt without any previously known predisposing factors...
December 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Frédéric Aknouche, Emilie Guibert, Alison Tessier, Aude Eibel, Pascal Kintz
BACKGROUND: Mr K, aged 48, was found sweating by his partner at home at 11.50 pm. He claimed to have attempted suicide. She immediately called the Emergency Unit to ask for support. At the phone, the physician on duty indicated her to give a pill of Lysanxia (prazepam) to decrease the level of stress of the victim. However, the clinical situation worsened and he was taken to the hospital at 1.00 am. At his arrival at 1.28 am he was in cardiac arrest. Despite intensive resuscitation manoeuvres, death was pronounced at 2...
2017: Egyptian Journal of Forensic Sciences
Hamid Attaran
Methamphetamine is one of the most common abused drugs, so its various effects on different body organs should be familiar to all physicians. Regarding its gastrointestinal sequels, there are few reports of ischemic colitis induced by its vasoconstrictive effects. This is the first report of isolated small intestinal infarction resulting in death following methamphetamine toxicity. A 40-year-old woman with a past history of medical treatment for obesity referred to hospital with severe chest and back pain, perspiration, nausea, agitation, high blood pressure, bradycardia and subsequent lethargy and vasomotor instability...
May 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
Katharina Elisabeth Grafinger, Marianne Hädener, Stefan König, Wolfgang Weinmann
The synthetic tryptamine 5-methoxy-N-methyl-N-isopropyltryptamine (5-MeO-MiPT) has recently been abused as a hallucinogenic drug in Germany and Switzerland. This study presents a case of 5-MeO-MiPT intoxication and the structural elucidation of metabolites in pooled human liver microsomes (pHLM), blood, and urine. Microsomal incubation experiments were performed using pHLM to detect and identify in vitro metabolites. In August 2016, the police encountered a naked man, agitated and with aggressive behavior on the street...
March 2018: Drug Testing and Analysis
D Fabregat-Safont, M Barneo-Muñoz, F Martinez-Garcia, J V Sancho, F Hernández, M Ibáñez
New psychoactive substances (NPS) are a new breed of synthetically produced substances designed to mimic the effects of traditional illegal drugs. Synthetic cannabinoids and synthetic cathinones are the two most common groups, which try to mimic the effects of the natural compounds (9)Δ-tetrahydrocannabinol and cathinone, respectively. Similarly, synthetic tryptamines are designer compounds which are based on the compounds psilocin, N,N-dimethyltryptamine and 5-methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine found in some mushrooms...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
Elisabetta Bertol, Jennifer Pascali, Diego Palumbo, Valeria Catalani, Maria Grazia Di Milia, Alessia Fioravanti, Francesco Mari, Fabio Vaiano
3-MeO-PCP or 3-methoxyphencyclidine is a derivative of phencyclidine. It acts as a dissociative anesthetic and it has allegedly hallucinogenic and sedative effects. There are almost no documented intoxication cases and references about its pharmacology and toxicity in literature. This study presents two concomitant intoxication cases due to consumption of 3-MeO-PCP and alcohol. A 19 (A) and a 21 years old (B) men were brought to Santa Maria Nuova Hospital in a comatose state (Glasgow score 3). They showed respiratory acidosis, right anisocoria with mydriatic pupils and hypothermia...
May 2017: Forensic Science International
Patil Armenian, Alexander Olson, Andres Anaya, Alicia Kurtz, Rawnica Ruegner, Roy R Gerona
In 2013 and 2014, more than 700 deaths were attributed to fentanyl and fentanyl analogues in the United States. Of recent concern is the cluster of unintentional fentanyl overdoses because of tablets thought to be "Norco" purchased on the street in Northern California. U-47700 (trans-3,4-dichloro-N-[2-(dimethyl-amino)cyclohexyl]-N-methylbenz-amide) is a nonfentanyl-based synthetic opioid with 7.5 times the binding affinity of morphine to μ-opioid. We report a case of fentanyl and U-47700 intoxication from what was thought to be illicitly purchased Norco...
January 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Alan K Davis, Harold Rosenberg
This prospective study was designed to test whether the variables proposed by the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) were associated with baseline intention to implement and subsequent use of 2 MDMA/ecstasy-specific harm reduction interventions: preloading/postloading and pill testing/pill checking. Using targeted Facebook advertisements, an international sample of 391 recreational ecstasy users were recruited to complete questionnaires assessing their ecstasy consumption history, and their attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, habit strength (past strategy use), and intention to use these two strategies...
2016: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
İlker Ertuğrul, Emine Polat, Senem Özgür, Vehbi Doğan, Tamer Yoldaş, Şeyma Akşin, Utku Arman Örün, Selmin Karademir
Colchicine, is an old and well-known drug, used for treatment of rheumatic diseases. Nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and diarrhea are the clinical symptoms of colchicine poisoning. Cardiotoxicity can lead to mortality. We report a case of colchicine intoxication complicated with complete heart block. A 9-year-old patient ingesting colchicine 0.4-0.5 mg/kg was transferred because of elevation of liver enzymes, and deterioration of kidney functions and cytopenia. History of colchicine ingestion had been unknown at time of admission...
July 2015: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
Murat Nihat Arslan, Ayşe Özgün, Taner Daş, Durmuş Kumru, Bülent Şam, Sermet Koç
Colchicine is derived from Colchicum autumnale and Gloriosa superba and is used to treat acute gout and familial Mediterranean fever (FMF). Musculoskeletal adverse effects range from myopathy to rhabdomyolysis. An 18-year-old woman, with a 2-year history of FMF treated with colchicine, took 9 colchicine pills (4.5 mg) to relieve severe abdominal pain. On the sixth day of hospitalization, the patient's condition worsened, and she died. As this was a case of fatal poisoning, a forensic autopsy was performed, and the cause of death was determined to be complications of muscle destruction due to colchicine intoxication with the findings of myocytolysis, positive antimyoglobin antibody staining kidney tubules...
June 2016: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
Seth C Kalichman, Moira O Kalichman, Charsey Cherry, Ginger Hoyt, Christopher Washington, Tamar Grebler, Brandi Welles, Cindy Merely
BACKGROUND: Drug use poses significant challenges to medical management of HIV infection. Although most research has focused on the influence of intoxication on unintentional adherence to HIV treatment, drug use may also lead to intentional nonadherence, particularly when individuals believe that mixing medications with drugs is harmful. This study examined whether interactive toxicity beliefs predict nonadherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) over a prospective period of adherence monitoring...
December 15, 2015: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
Katrin Sikk, Pille Taba
Methcathinone abuse is a significant cause of parkinsonism among young patients in the Eastern European countries. The drug is synthesized from over-the-counter cold remedies containing ephedrine or pseudoephedrine. The final mixture contains a high concentration of manganese if potassium permanganate is used as the oxidant agent. Though manganese is an essential trace element and its homeostasis is well maintained, exposure to a high level of manganese is neurotoxic. The use of manganese-contaminated methcathinone may cause permanent neurological damage and severe disability...
2015: International Review of Neurobiology
Mohammad Humayun, Iqbal Haider, Aliena Badshah, Fazle Subhan
A 15-year-old boy was referred to the hospital from the periphery with a history of ingestion of 5 wheat pills (aluminium phosphide) 5 days back. He had been given a stomach wash in his village hospital prior to referral. On arrival, he was jaundiced and had developed haematuria too, but otherwise appeared well in himself. Four days after admission, his haemoglobin showed a marked drop and he was shifted to intensive care, keeping in mind the high mortality rate associated with aluminium phosphide intoxication...
April 2015: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Gul Pamukcu Gunaydin, Nurettin Ozgur Dogan, Sevcan Levent, Gulhan Kurtoglu Celik
Supposedly herbal weight loss pills are sold online and are widely used in the world. Some of these products are found to contain sibutramine by FDA and their sale is prohibited. We report a case of a female patient who presented to the emergency department after taking slimming pills. 17-year-old female patient presented to the emergency room with palpitations, dizziness, anxiety, and insomnia. She stated that she had taken 3 pills named La Jiao Shou Shen for slimming purposes during the day. Her vital signs revealed tachycardia...
2015: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
Jingjing Wei, Limei Yao, Lei Yang, Wei Zhao, Si Shi, Qingyan Cai, Dingsheng Chen, Weirong Li, Qi Wang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Xingnaojing Injection (XNJI) is a modern Chinese formula came from famous Chinese medicine An Gong Niu Huang Pill. XNJI has been used for treatment of cerebral diseases and stroke in China, and is approved by the State Food and Drug Administration of China for the treatment of acute alcohol intoxication (AAI). XNJI belongs to the ethnopharmacological family of medicines. In this study, we investigated the mechanisms of the XNJI effect on AAI. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the effects of XNJI on glutamate, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and related receptor in lateral hypothalamic area (LHA) of AAI rat...
May 26, 2015: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Z Livshits, B A Sampson, M A Howland, R S Hoffman, L S Nelson
CONTEXT: The extent of non-absorbed drug burden in the GI tract following overdose is unknown. Patients who present with clinical signs of toxicity may not undergo decontamination due to assumption that the drug has already been completely absorbed and because of limited scientific evidence of benefit for routine GI decontamination in poisoned patients. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to assess whether people who die of an oral overdose have unabsorbed drug present in the GI tract...
February 2015: Clinical Toxicology
Iain M McIntyre, Catherine E Hamm, James L Sherrard, Ray D Gary, Christopher G Burton, Othon Mena
A 30-year-old man reportedly ingested pills and used illicit drugs with another person. They both fell asleep that night and the following afternoon the other person found him dead. There were used hypodermic needles and a metal spoon with dark tarry substance at the death scene, and two recent puncture sites were found on his body. It was uncertain if he had a history of illicit drug use. Postmortem blood initially screened borderline positive for methamphetamine by ELISA. An alkaline drug screen-detected ethylone which was subsequently confirmed and quantified by a specific GC-MS SIM analysis following solid-phase extraction...
April 2015: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
Jung Hee Wee, Yeon Ho You, Hoon Lim, Wook Jin Choi, Byung Kook Lee, Jeong Ho Park, Kyu Nam Park, Seung Pill Choi
INTRODUCTION: While therapeutic hypothermia (TH) is in clinical use, its efficacy in certain patient groups is unclear. This study was designed to describe the characteristics and outcomes of patients with out-of-hospital cardiac-arrest (OHCA) caused by asphyxia, who were treated with TH. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A multicentre, retrospective, registry-based study was performed using data from the period 2007-2012. Comatose patients who were treated with TH after asphyxial cardiac arrest were included, while those who with cardiac arrest attributed to hanging, drowning or gas intoxication were excluded...
April 2015: Resuscitation
J Arditti, J H Bourdon, M Spadari, L de Haro, N Richard, M Valli
Dietary supplements containing Ma Huang (chinease ephedra) are available on the web sites and dietary shops in USA. They are widely promoted and used as a mean of weight reduction and energy enhancement. They contain Ma Huang alone or combined with Guarana (caffeine), creatine, St Jonh's wort, carnitine and are proposed with different labels. Numerous reports of adverse reactions and acute intoxication related to these products use were described in the medical literature. In the light of the severity of these cases, some of which resulted in permanent injury and death, the Food and Drug Administration has proposed limits on the dose and duration of use of such supplements...
2002: Acta Clinica Belgica
Enrico Gerace, Michele Petrarulo, Fabrizio Bison, Alberto Salomone, Marco Vincenti
The distribution of mephedrone in the body fluids and tissues of a subject found dead after the concomitant intake of cocaine and mephedrone is reported. Mephedrone (4-methylmethcathinone) is a designer drug of the phenethylamine family that is able to cause central nervous system stimulation, psychoactivity and hallucinations and that is becoming popular among youth as a recreational drug. Mephedrone has been available in Europe since 2007, and it is sold through the internet and by local shops as bath salt or plant food...
October 2014: Forensic Science International
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"