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Carcinoma endometrium

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427775/nonoperative-management-of-atypical-endometrial-hyperplasia-and-grade-1-endometrial-cancer-with-the-levonorgestrel-intrauterine-device-in-medically-ill-post-menopausal-women
#1
William D Baker, Stuart R Pierce, Anne M Mills, Paola A Gehrig, Linda R Duska
OBJECTIVE: To assess the endometrial response rates to treatment with the levonorgestrel intrauterine device in post-menopausal women with atypical hyperplasia/endometrial intraepithelial neoplasia and grade 1 endometrioid (AH/EC) endometrial carcinoma who are not surgical candidates. METHODS: Chart review was undertaken of patients with AH/EC who underwent levonorgestrel intrauterine device insertion by a gynecologic oncologist within two academic health systems between 2002 and 2013...
April 18, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413652/bilateral-blindness-with-secondary-retinitis-pigmentosa-following-postoperative-docetaxel-and-platinum-combination-chemotherapy-in-primary-small-cell-carcinoma-of-the-endometrium-an-unusual-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Qiong-Lan Tang, Jia Liu, Li Zuo, Cong Chi, Hui-Yu Dong, Xiao-Xia Jiang, Xue-Feng Jiang
Ocular toxicity is an uncommon complication of cytotoxic chemotherapy. Bilateral blindness with secondary retinitis pigmentosa (RP) following docetaxel and platinum combination chemotherapy at the recommended dose is extremely rare. The present study reports a case of advanced small-cell carcinoma (SCC) of the endometrium in a patient with diabetes mellitus type 2. The patient suffered from RP with a sharp decline in vision after the fourth course of postoperative docetaxel and platinum combination chemotherapy...
April 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382153/increased-tet1-expression-in-inflammatory-microenvironment-of-hyperinsulinemia-enhances-the-response-of-endometrial-cancer-to-estrogen-by-epigenetic-modulation-of-gper
#3
Qiao-Ying Lv, Bing-Ying Xie, Bing-Yi Yang, Cheng-Cheng Ning, Wei-Wei Shan, Chao Gu, Xue-Zhen Luo, Xiao-Jun Chen, Zhen-Bo Zhang, You-Ji Feng
Background: Insulin resistance (IR) has been well studied in the initiation and development of endometrial endometrioid carcinoma (EEC). As yet, it has been largely neglected for estrogen sensitivity in local endometrium in hyperinsulinemia-induced systemic microenvironment. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of insulin in regulating estrogen sensitivity and explore the potential mechanisms in insulin-driven inflammatory microenvironment. Methods: We first investigated the effect of insulin on estradiol-driven endometrial cancer cells proliferation in vitro to address the roles of insulin in modulating estrogen sensitivity...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381136/expression-of-glut-1-in-normal-endometrium-and-endometrial-lesions
#4
Kristýna Němejcová, Jana Rosmusová, Michaela Bártů, Miroslav Důra, Ivana Tichá, Pavel Dundr
BACKGROUND: Glucose transporter-1 (Glut-1) is a membrane glycoprotein that is, together with other glucose transporters, responsible for the regulation of glucose uptake. An increased expression of this protein seems to be a general feature of several malignant tumors that are able to reprogram their metabolism and switch from oxidative phosphorylation to aerobic glycolysis. METHODS: We performed comprehensive immunohistochemical analysis of Glut-1 expression in 336 endometrial samples, including tumors, nontumor lesions, and normal tissues...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345488/deep-infiltrating-endometriosis-and-endometrial-adenocarcinoma-express-high-levels-of-myostatin-and-its-receptors-messenger-rnas
#5
Patrizia Carrarelli, Lucia Funghi, Pasquapina Ciarmela, Gabriele Centini, Fernando M Reis, Cynthia Dela Cruz, Alberto Mattei, Silvia Vannuccini, Felice Petraglia
Myostatin is a growth factor member of the transforming growth factor β superfamily, which is known to play major roles in cell proliferation and differentiation. The present study investigated the messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of myostatin and myostatin receptors (activin receptor-like kinase 4 [ALK4], transforming growth factor (TGF)-β type I receptor kinase [ALK5] and activin receptor type IIB [ActRIIB]) in endometrium of healthy women during menstrual cycle as well as in benign (endometriosis, polyps) and malignant (endometrial adenocarcinoma) conditions...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342812/a-laparo-endoscopic-single-site-surgical-approach-to-laparoscopic-salpingectomy
#6
Stacey A Scheib
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate a laparo-endoscopic single site (LESS) surgical approach to salpingectomy. DESIGN: Technical video demonstrating step-by-step a LESS surgical approach to salpingectomy. (Canadian Task Force classification level III). IRB approval was not required for this study. SETTING: Of all gynecologic cancer types, ovarian cancer has the highest mortality rate and is the fifth leading cause of cancer deaths among women...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319574/melf-pattern-for-predicting-lymph-node-involvement-and-survival-in-grade-i-ii-endometrioid-type-endometrium-cancer
#7
Muzaffer Sanci, Kemal Güngördük, Varol Gülseren, Tuğba Karadeniz, Mustafa Kocaer, Ozgu Gungorduk, İsa A Özdemir
The aim of this study was to examine the associations between microcystic, elongated, and fragmented (MELF) pattern and other prognostic factors and lymph node involvement, disease-free survival, and overall survival (OS) using a case-control group consisting of grade I-II endometrioid endometrial carcinoma (EEC) patients with/without lymph node involvement. The files of the patients were searched electronically for all hysterectomy specimens with a diagnosis of grade I-II EEC of the uterine body from January 1, 2008 to July 31, 2014...
March 17, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301227/template-for-reporting-results-of-biomarker-testing-of-specimens-from-patients-with-carcinoma-of-the-endometrium
#8
Teri A Longacre, Russell Broaddus, Linus T Chuang, Michael B Cohen, Elke A Jarboe, George L Mutter, Christopher N Otis, Richard J Zaino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277338/endometrioid-adenocarcinoma-arising-in-a-paratubal-cyst-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Catherine Chang, Koji Matsuo, Paulette Mhawech-Fauceglia
A 56-year-old G3P3 postmenopausal woman presented with a 5 month history of abnormal uterine bleeding and pelvic pain. A computed tomographic scan revealed a 5 cm right adnexal cystic mass in addition to a thickened, heterogenous endometrium and leiomyomatous uterus. A total laparascopic hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy with omental and peritoneal biopsy were performed. Gross examination revealed a 12 week size uterus with small fibroids, normal bilateral atrophic ovaries, and a right paratubal cyst...
March 2017: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277315/clear-cell-carcinoma-of-the-uterine-cervix-presented-as-submucosal-tumor-arising-from-a-background-of-cervical-endometriosis
#10
Mariko Hashiguchi, Keita Kai, Satoshi Nishiyama, Yoshifumi Nakao, Masatoshi Yokoyama, Shinichi Aishima
Clear cell carcinoma (CCC) of the uterine cervix without prenatal diethylstilbestrol exposure is rare, and its etiology is unclear. We present a case of cervical CCC presenting as a submucosal tumor, which strongly suggests an association between cervical endometriosis and cervical CCC. A 56-year-old postmenopausal Japanese woman visited a gynecologic clinic with a complaint of watery vaginal discharge. A few atypical cells suggesting adenocarcinoma were detected in a cervical cytologic specimen. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a cystic lesion with a solid component at the uterine cervix...
March 8, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272224/high-expression-of-sall4-and-fascin-and-loss-of-e-cadherin-expression-in-undifferentiated-dedifferentiated-carcinomas-of-the-endometrium-an-immunohistochemical-and-clinicopathologic-study
#11
Semen Onder, Orhun Cig Taskin, Fatma Sen, Samet Topuz, Seden Kucucuk, Hamdullah Sozen, Ridvan Ilhan, Sitki Tuzlali, Ekrem Yavuz
Undifferentiated/dedifferentiated endometrial carcinomas (UCE/DCEs) of the endometrium are rare tumors with poor prognosis. There are few clinicopathologic studies with detailed immunohistochemical analysis regarding UCE/DCEs.We evaluated the diagnostic value of a selected tumor stem-cell marker and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers, in addition to previously studied markers in identifying UCE/DCEs from other types of high-grade endometrial carcinomas.Eleven cases of UCE/DCEs with complete clinical follow-up that were diagnosed between 2006 and 2015 were included in the study...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248821/metastasis-to-the-lung-from-carcinomas-of-nonpulmonary-sites-after-prolonged-disease-free-intervals
#12
Sanjay Mukhopadhyay, Pradnya D Patil, Andres A Roma
Most carcinomas of nonpulmonary sites that metastasize to the lung do so within 5 years of diagnosis. Although examples of late metastasis to the lung after prolonged disease-free intervals (>5 y) have been reported sporadically, this phenomenon has not been systematically analyzed. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical and pathologic features of metastases to the lung from carcinomas of nonpulmonary origin after prolonged disease-free intervals. We searched our pathology archives to identify lung biopsies/resections containing metastases from carcinomas of nonpulmonary origin...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225751/lower-cystic-fibrosis-transmembrane-conductance-regulator-cftr-promotes-the-proliferation-and-migration-of-endometrial-carcinoma
#13
Xian Xia, Jie Wang, Yuan Liu, Ming Yue
BACKGROUND The incidence and death rates of endometrial cancer are alarmingly increasing. The diagnosis and treatment of endometrial cancer is crucial to decreasing mortality. Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) belongs to the adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-binding cassette transporter family and plays an essential role in anion regulation and tissue homeostasis of various epithelia. This study explored the expression of CFTR in endometrial carcinoma and the role of CFTR in proliferation and migration of endometrial carcinoma cells...
February 22, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215640/immunohistochemical-expression-of-galectin-3-is-significantly-associated-with-grade-stage-and-differentiation-of-endometrial-carcinomas
#14
Jaudah Al-Maghrabi, Amer Shafie Abdelrahman, Tawfik Ghabrah, Nadeem Shafique Butt, Basim Al-Maghrabi, Mohamad Nidal Khabaz
This study describes galectin-3 immunohistochemical phenotype and its association with clinicopathological factors in the carcinoma of endometrium. Seventy one cases of endometrial carcinoma and 30 cases of benign and normal endometrium were employed for the detection of galectin-3 protein using tissue microarrays and immunohistochemistry staining. Thirty nine (55%) cases, including 54.2% of endometrioid adenocarcinomas and 55.5% serous carcinomas, were positively stained for galectin-3. Brown granular expression of this glycoprotein was detected in transformed epithelial cells of 36 cases including 28 cases with membranous and cytoplasmic staining and 8 cases with only cytoplasmic staining; nuclear expression was present in stromal cells of the remaining 3 cases...
January 19, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195111/squash-cytodiagnosis-of-synchronous-papillary-serous-carcinoma-of-ovary-and-endometrium-with-demonstration-of-serous-tubal-intraepithelial-carcinoma-as-a-precursor-lesion
#15
Asaranti Kar, Tushar Kar, Ipsita Dha, Sasmita Panda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166073/ovarian-tumors-pattern-of-histomorphological-types-a-10-years-study-in-a-tertiary-referral-center-and-review-of-literature
#16
A Ghosh, D Ghartimagar, S Thapa, B Sathian, R Narasimhan, O P Talwar
Background Ovarian cancer accounts for 6% of all cancers in females. Among cancers of female genital tract, the incidence of ovarian cancers ranks below only carcinoma of the cervix and the endometrium. Objective To find the frequency of different types of histomorphological types and their association with age, side and size distribution. Method This study is a hospital based retrospective study carried out in the Department of Pathology, Manipal Teaching Hospital over a time period from Jan. 2006 to Sep. 2015...
April 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144276/leptin-receptor-expression-during-the-progression-of-endometrial-carcinoma-is-correlated-with-estrogen-and-progesterone-receptors
#17
Luis Fernando Méndez-López, Angel Zavala-Pompa, Elva I Cortés-Gutiérrez, Ricardo M Cerda-Flores, Martha I Davila-Rodriguez
INTRODUCTION: The hormone leptin, which is produced in the adipose tissue, may influence tumorigenesis directly via its receptor (Ob-R). Thus, a role for Ob-R in endometrial carcinogenesis has been proposed. However, most studies neither included samples of the entire histological progression of endometrial carcinoma nor examined Ob-R jointly with the estrogen and progesterone receptors (ER and PR, respectively). MATERIAL AND METHODS: To determine the fluctuations of Ob-R, ER, and PR during the histological progression of endometrial carcinoma, we assessed their expression via immunohistochemistry (IHC) in six histological types of endometrium (proliferative, secretory, nonatypical and atypical hyperplasia, and endometrioid and nonendometrioid endometrial carcinoma), in which we performed histopathological and digital scoring for the quantification of receptors...
February 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133142/-lynch-syndrome-caused-by-germline-alteration-of-mlh1-in-a-young-patient-who-developed-colon-and-endometrial-cancer-a-case-report
#18
Azusa Yamamoto, Okihide Suzuki, Noriyasu Chika, Tetsuya Ito, Yusuke Tajima, Kensuke Kumamoto, Hidetaka Eguchi, Youichi Kumagai, Keiichiro Ishibashi, Erito Mochiki, Yasushi Okazaki, Hideyuki Ishida
A 39-year-old woman underwent right colectomy for type-3 transverse colon cancer, which was histologically identified as well-differentiated stage II A adenocarcinoma with a mucinous component and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes. The patient was suspected of having Lynch syndrome(LS)since she fulfilled 2 of the revised Bethesda criteria, even though there was no family history of LS. Twelve months after colectomy, abdominal CT revealed thickening of the uterine endometrium. Histopathological examination of biopsy specimens revealed well-differentiated endometrioid carcinoma...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123520/enhanced-expression-of-hydroxylated-ceramide-in-well-differentiated-endometrial-adenocarcinoma
#19
Toshiki Tajima, Masaki Miyazawa, Masaru Hayashi, Satoshi Asai, Masae Ikeda, Masako Shida, Takeshi Hirasawa, Masao Iwamori, Mikio Mikami
Based on our previous analysis of neutral glycolipids in the human endometrium, the present authors already reported that the concentrations of glucosylceramide, lactosylceramide and globotriaosylceramide (Gb3Cer), in which both fatty acids and sphingosines in the ceramides are hydroxylated, exhibit a marked increase during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle. It is also well known that poorly differentiated endometrial adenocarcinoma exhibits a more rapid progression and a worse response to therapy than well-differentiated endometrial adenocarcinoma...
January 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114234/effective-selection-of-a-well-differentiated-type-of-human-uterine-endometrial-carcinoma-cells-by-transfection-of-the-sulfotransferase-gene-and-possible-association-of-sulfoglycolipids-with-well-differentiated-phenotypes
#20
Kyoko Tanaka, Isamu Ishiwata, Kaneyuki Kubushiro, Mikio Mikami, Daisuke Aoki, Kazushige Kiguchi, Masao Iwamori
OBJECTIVES: Sulfatide has been shown to be characteristically increased on the apical surface of the normal endometrium at the secretory phase, and to be related with the formation of the glandular structure and the secretion of mucin from glands for the implantation of a fertilized egg. Additionally, sulfatides are expressed in the well-differentiated type, but not in the poorly differentiated type, of endometrial carcinomas. This suggests that sulfatides are a molecular marker of differentiated phenotypes...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
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