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Manganese brain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815906/deep-gray-matter-iron-measurement-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis-using-quantitative-susceptibility-mapping-relationship-with-pallidal-t1-hyperintensity
#1
Song Lee, Yoonho Nam, Jinhee Jang, Gun Hyung Na, Dong Goo Kim, Na-Young Shin, Hyun Seok Choi, So-Lyung Jung, Kook-Jin Ahn, Bum-Soo Kim
BACKGROUND: The liver is a central organ for the metabolism of iron and manganese and the places where those metals are commonly deposited overlap in the brain. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: To elucidate the relationship between pallidal T1 hyperintensity and iron deposition in the deep gray matter of liver cirrhosis patients using quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM). STUDY TYPE: Retrospective case-control study SUBJECTS: In all, 38 consecutive liver cirrhosis patients who received brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as pretransplant evaluation...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812276/arundic-acid-increases-expression-and-function-of-astrocytic-glutamate-transporter-eaat1-via-the-erk-akt-and-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathways
#2
Pratap Karki, Peter Hong, James Johnson, Edward Pajarillo, Deok-Soo Son, Michael Aschner, Eunsook Y Lee
Glutamate is the major excitatory neurotransmitter in the brain, but excessive synaptic glutamate must be removed to prevent excitotoxic injury and death. Two astrocytic glutamate transporters, excitatory amino acid transporter (EAAT) 1 and 2, play a major role in eliminating excess glutamate from the synapse. Dysregulation of EAAT1 contributes to the pathogenesis of multiple neurological disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD), ataxia, traumatic brain injuries, and glaucoma. In the present study, we investigated the effect of arundic acid on EAAT1 to determine its efficacy in enhancing the expression and function of EAAT1, and its possible mechanisms of action...
August 15, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811866/preliminary-data-on-the-interaction-between-some-biometals-and-oxidative-stress-status-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-alzheimer-s-disease-patients
#3
Ioana-Miruna Balmuș, Stefan-Adrian Strungaru, Alin Ciobica, Mircea-Nicusor Nicoara, Romeo Dobrin, Gabriel Plavan, Cristinel Ștefănescu
Increased interest regarding the biometal mechanisms of action and the pathways in which they have regulatory roles was lately observed. Particularly, it was shown that biometal homeostasis dysregulation may lead to neurodegeneration including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson disease, or prion protein disease, since important molecular signaling mechanisms in brain functions implicate both oxidative stress and redox active biometals. Oxidative stress could be a result of a breakdown in metal-ion homeostasis which leads to abnormal metal protein chelation...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803850/association-of-exposure-to-manganese-and-iron-with-striatal-and-thalamic-gaba-and-other-neurometabolites-neuroimaging-results-from-the-weldox-ii-study
#4
Swaantje Casjens, Urike Dydak, Shalmali Dharmadhikari, Anne Lotz, Martin Lehnert, Clara Quetscher, Christoph Stewig, Benjamin Glaubitz, Tobias Schmidt-Wilcke, David Edmondson, Chien-Lin Yeh, Tobias Weiss, Christoph van Thriel, Lennard Herrmann, Siegfried Muhlack, Dirk Woitalla, Michael Aschner, Thomas Brüning, Beate Pesch
OBJECTIVE: Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) is a non-invasive method to quantify neurometabolite concentrations in the brain. Within the framework of the WELDOX II study, we investigated the association of exposure to manganese (Mn) and iron (Fe) with γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and other neurometabolites in the striatum and thalamus of 154 men. MATERIAL AND METHODS: GABA-edited and short echo-time MRS at 3T was used to assess brain levels of GABA, glutamate, total creatine (tCr) and other neurometabolites...
August 10, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801915/manganese-and-1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium-mpp-induced-neurotoxicity-indicate-differences-in-morphological-electrophysiological-and-genome-wide-alterations-implications-for-idiopathic-parkinson-s-disease
#5
Rajeswara Babu Mythri, Narayana Reddy Raghunath, Santosh Chandrakant Narwade, Mirazkar DasharathaRao Pandareesh, Kollarkandi Rajesh Sabitha, Mohamad Aiyaz, Bipin Chand, Manas Sule, Krittika Ghosh, Senthil Kumar, Bhagyalakshmi Shankarappa, Soundarya Soundararajan, Phalguni Anand Alladi, Meera Purushottam, Narayanappa Gayathri, Deepti Dileep Deobagkar, Thenkanidiyoor Rao Laxmi, Srinivas Bharath Muchukunte Mukunda
Idiopathic Parkinson's disease (iPD) and manganese-induced atypical Parkinsonism are characterized by movement disorder and nigrostriatal pathology. Although clinical features, brain region involved and responsiveness to levodopa distinguish both, differences at the neuronal level are largely unknown. We studied the morphological, neurophysiological and molecular differences in dopaminergic neurons exposed to the PD toxin 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP(+) ) and manganese (Mn) followed by validation in the 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) and Mn mouse models...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789954/familial-manganese-induced-neurotoxicity-due-to-mutations-in-slc30a10-or-slc39a14
#6
Somshuvra Mukhopadhyay
Over the last few years, two rare, familial diseases that lead to the onset of manganese (Mn)-induced neurotoxicity have been discovered. Loss-of-function mutations in SLC30A10, a Mn efflux transporter, or SLC39A14, a Mn influx transporter, increase Mn levels in blood and brain, and induce severe neurotoxicity. The discoveries of these genetic diseases have transformed our understanding of Mn homeostasis, detoxification, and neurotoxicity. Current knowledge about the mechanisms by which mutations in these transporters alter Mn homeostasis to induce human disease is reviewed here...
August 5, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780169/the-pmr1-pump-in-alpha-synuclein-toxicity-and-neurodegeneration
#7
REVIEW
Vassiliki Nikoletopoulou, Nektarios Tavernarakis
Proteinopathies constitute a diverse group of devastating neurodegenerative disorders, characterized by aberrant aggregation of specific proteins within neurons and in the brain parenchyma. Parkinson's disease (PD) is among the most common proteinopathies, caused by the accumulation of different species of α-synuclein and the formation of protein inclusions known as Lewy bodies. Although several mutations in the α-synuclein gene have been linked to PD, the mechanisms mediating the aggregation and toxicity of α-synuclein are not fully understood...
August 2, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762580/mnal-layered-double-hydroxide-nanoparticles-as-a-dual-functional-platform-for-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-sirna-delivery
#8
Huali Zuo, Weiyu Chen, Bei Li, Kewei Xu, Helen Cooper, Zi Gu, Zhi Ping Xu
Multifunctional nanoparticles for cancer theranosis have been widely explored for effective cancer detection and therapy. In this research, dually functionalised manganese-based layered double hydroxide nanoparticles (Mn-LDHs) have been examined as an effective anticancer drug/gene delivery system and T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) modality for brain cancer theranostics. Such Mn-LDHs have been shown to accommodate dsDNA/siRNAs and efficiently deliver to Neuro-2a cells (N2a). Mn-LDHs have also shown high biocompatibility with low cytotoxicity...
August 1, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751976/manganese-transporter-slc39a14-deficiency-revealed-its-key-role-in-maintaining-manganese-homeostasis-in-mice
#9
Yongjuan Xin, Hong Gao, Jia Wang, Yuzhen Qiang, Mustapha Umar Imam, Yang Li, Jianyao Wang, Ruochen Zhang, Huizhen Zhang, Yingying Yu, Hao Wang, Haiyang Luo, Changhe Shi, Yuming Xu, Shintaro Hojyo, Toshiyuki Fukada, Junxia Min, Fudi Wang
SLC39A14 (also known as ZIP14), a member of the SLC39A transmembrane metal transporter family, has been reported to mediate the cellular uptake of iron and zinc. Recently, however, mutations in the SLC39A14 gene have been linked to manganese (Mn) accumulation in the brain and childhood-onset parkinsonism dystonia. It has therefore been suggested that SLC39A14 deficiency impairs hepatic Mn uptake and biliary excretion, resulting in the accumulation of Mn in the circulation and brain. To test this hypothesis, we generated and characterized global Slc39a14-knockout (Slc39a14(-/-) ) mice and hepatocyte-specific Slc39a14-knockout (Slc39a14(fl/fl);Alb-Cre(+) ) mice...
2017: Cell Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747592/investigation-of-spinal-nerve-ligation-mediated-functional-activation-of-the-rat-brain-using-manganese-enhanced-mri
#10
Keun-Yeong Jeong, Ji-Hyuk Kang
To provide clear information on the cerebral regions according to peripheral neuropathy, the functional activation was investigated using manganese-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MEMRI). L5-spinal nerve ligation (SNL) was applied to the rats to induce neuropathic pain. Mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia were measured to confirm neuropathic pain induction following before and after gabapentin (GBP) treatment. The cerebral regions were investigated using a 4.7T MRI system in the sham, SNL, and GBP-treated SNL rats...
July 26, 2017: Experimental Animals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743628/manganese-superoxide-dismutase-mnsod-a-role-player-in-seahorse-hippocampus-abdominalis-antioxidant-defense-system-and-adaptive-immune-system
#11
N C N Perera, G I Godahewa, Seongdo Lee, Myoung-Jin Kim, Jee Youn Hwang, Mun Gyeong Kwon, Seong Don Hwang, Jehee Lee
Manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) is a metaloenzyme that catalyzes dismutation of the hazardous superoxide radicals into less hazardous H2O2 and H2O. Here, we identified a homolog of MnSOD from big belly seahorse (Hippocampus abdominalis; HaMnSOD) and characterized its structural and functional features. HaMnSOD transcript possessed an open reading frame (ORF) of 672 bp which codes for a peptide of 223 amino acids. Pairwise alignment showed that HaMnSOD shared highest identity with rock bream MnSOD. Results of the phylogenetic analysis of HaMnSOD revealed a close proximity with rock bream MnSOD which was consistent with the result of homology alignment...
July 22, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726316/deprotonation-states-of-the-two-active-site-water-molecules-regulate-the-binding-of-protein-phosphatase-5-with-its-substrate-a-molecular-dynamics-study
#12
Lingyun Wang, Feng Yan
Protein phosphatase 5 (PP5), mainly localized in human brain, can dephosphorylate tau protein whose high level of phosphorylation is related to Alzheimer's disease. Similar to other protein phosphatases, PP5 has a conserved motif in the catalytic domain that contains two binding sites for manganese (Mn(2+) ) ions. Structural data indicate that two active site water molecules, one bridging the two Mn(2+) ions and the other terminally coordinated with one of the Mn(2+) ions (Mn1), are involved in catalysis. Recently, a density functional theory study revealed that the two water molecules can be both deprotonated to keep a neutral active site for catalysis...
July 20, 2017: Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722486/neurotoxic-effects-of-subchronic-intratracheal-mn-nanoparticle-exposure-alone-and-in-combination-with-other-welding-fume-metals-in-rats
#13
Zsuzsanna Máté, Edina Horváth, András Papp, Krisztina Kovács, Etelka Tombácz, Dániel Nesztor, Tamás Szabó, Andrea Szabó, Edit Paulik
Manganese (Mn) is a toxic heavy metal exposing workers in various occupational settings and causing, among others, nervous system damage. Metal fumes of welding, a typical source of Mn exposure, contain a complex mixture of metal oxides partly in nanoparticle form. As toxic effects of complex substances cannot be sufficiently understood by examining its components separately, general toxicity and functional neurotoxicity of a main pathogenic welding fume metal, Mn, was examined alone and combined with iron (Fe) and chromium (Cr), also frequently found in fumes...
July 19, 2017: Inhalation Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720645/influences-of-manganese-on-pubertal-development
#14
W Les Dees, Jill K Hiney, Vinod K Srivastava
The onset of puberty is the result of complex neuroendocrine interactions within hypothalamic region of the brain, as well as from genetic and environmental influences. These interactions ultimately result in the increased synthesis and release of luteinizing hormone- releasing hormone (LHRH). Manganese (Mn) is an essential environmental element known for years to be involved in numerous mammalian physiological processes, including growth and reproductive function. Studies in recent years have shown the ability of Mn to cross the blood-brain barrier and act within the hypothalamus to influence the timing of puberty...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695462/transgenic-mice-overexpressing-the-divalent-metal-transporter-1-exhibit-iron-accumulation-and-enhanced-parkin-expression-in-the-brain
#15
Cheng-Wu Zhang, Yee Kit Tai, Bing-Han Chai, Katherine C M Chew, Eng-Tat Ang, Fai Tsang, Bryce W Q Tan, Eugenia T E Hong, Abu Bakar Ali Asad, Kai-Hsiang Chuang, Kah-Leong Lim, Tuck Wah Soong
Exposure to divalent metals such as iron and manganese is thought to increase the risk for Parkinson's disease (PD). Under normal circumstances, cellular iron and manganese uptake is regulated by the divalent metal transporter 1 (DMT1). Accordingly, alterations in DMT1 levels may underlie the abnormal accumulation of metal ions and thereby disease pathogenesis. Here, we have generated transgenic mice overexpressing DMT1 under the direction of a mouse prion promoter and demonstrated its robust expression in several regions of the brain...
July 10, 2017: Neuromolecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694016/-18-f-fdopa-positron-emission-tomography-in-manganese-exposed-workers
#16
Susan R Criswell, Susan Searles Nielsen, Mark Warden, Joel S Perlmutter, Stephen M Moerlein, Hubert P Flores, John Huang, Lianne Sheppard, Noah Seixas, Harvey Checkoway, Brad A Racette
Occupational manganese (Mn) exposure is associated with the development of parkinsonism; however, the mechanism of neurotoxicity is unknown. Brain positron emission tomography (PET) imaging provides a non-invasive method of assessing dopamineric neuronal function. 6-[(18)F]fluoro-L-DOPA (FDOPA) PET reflects in-vivo nigrostriatal function, but results in Mn exposure are conflicting. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between Mn exposure secondary to occupational welding, FDOPA striatal uptake, and clinical parkinsonism as measured by Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Scale motor subscore 3 (UPDRS3) scores...
July 8, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692648/zebrafish-slc30a10-deficiency-revealed-a-novel-compensatory-mechanism-of-atp2c1-in-maintaining-manganese-homeostasis
#17
Zhidan Xia, Jiayu Wei, Yingniang Li, Jia Wang, Wenwen Li, Kai Wang, Xiaoli Hong, Lu Zhao, Caiyong Chen, Junxia Min, Fudi Wang
Recent studies found that mutations in the human SLC30A10 gene, which encodes a manganese (Mn) efflux transporter, are associated with hypermanganesemia with dystonia, polycythemia, and cirrhosis (HMDPC). However, the relationship between Mn metabolism and HMDPC is poorly understood, and no specific treatments are available for this disorder. Here, we generated two zebrafish slc30a10 mutant lines using the CRISPR/Cas9 system. Compared to wild-type animals, mutant adult animals developed significantly higher systemic Mn levels, and Mn accumulated in the brain and liver of mutant embryos in response to exogenous Mn...
July 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687812/blast-induced-tinnitus-and-elevated-central-auditory-and-limbic-activity-in-rats-a-manganese-enhanced-mri-and-behavioral-study
#18
Jessica Ouyang, Edward Pace, Laura Lepczyk, Michael Kaufman, Jessica Zhang, Shane A Perrine, Jinsheng Zhang
Blast-induced tinitus is the number one service-connected disability that currently affects military personnel and veterans. To elucidate its underlying mechanisms, we subjected 13 Sprague Dawley adult rats to unilateral 14 psi blast exposure to induce tinnitus and measured auditory and limbic brain activity using manganese-enhanced MRI (MEMRI). Tinnitus was evaluated with a gap detection acoustic startle reflex paradigm, while hearing status was assessed with prepulse inhibition (PPI) and auditory brainstem responses (ABRs)...
July 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678440/automated-computational-processing-of-3-d-mr-images-of-mouse-brain-for-phenotyping-of-living-animals
#19
Christopher S Medina, Brett Manifold-Wheeler, Aaron Gonzales, Elaine L Bearer
Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging provides a method to obtain anatomical information from the brain in vivo that is not typically available by optical imaging because of this organ's opacity. MR is nondestructive and obtains deep tissue contrast with 100-µm(3) voxel resolution or better. Manganese-enhanced MRI (MEMRI) may be used to observe axonal transport and localized neural activity in the living rodent and avian brain. Such enhancement enables researchers to investigate differences in functional circuitry or neuronal activity in images of brains of different animals...
July 5, 2017: Current Protocols in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670517/comparative-proteomic-analysis-of-tumor-mesenchymal-like-stem-cells-derived-from-high-grade-versus-low-grade-gliomas
#20
Mousa Taghipour, Aydine Omidvar, Mahboobeh Razmkhah, Abbas Ghaderi, Zahra Mojtahedi
OBJECTIVE: Gliomas are the most common primary brain tumors, and have been ranked as the fourth leading cause of cancer death. Tumor mesenchymal-like stem cells (tMSCs) contribute to the aggressive behavior of glial tumors by providing a favorable microenvironment for the malignant cells. The aim of our study was to identify differential proteome of tMSCs derived from low vs. high grade glioma tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with newly diagnosed low and high grade gliomas were included in this case control study...
July 2017: Cell Journal
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