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american journal of neurology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724415/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-orbits-vision-and-visual-loss
#1
Tabassum A Kennedy, Amanda S Corey, Bruno Policeni, Vikas Agarwal, Judah Burns, H Benjamin Harvey, Jenny Hoang, Christopher H Hunt, Amy F Juliano, William Mack, Gul Moonis, Gregory J A Murad, Jeffrey S Pannell, Matthew S Parsons, William J Powers, Jason W Schroeder, Gavin Setzen, Matthew T Whitehead, Julie Bykowski
Visual loss can be the result of an abnormality anywhere along the visual pathway including the globe, optic nerve, optic chiasm, optic tract, thalamus, optic radiations or primary visual cortex. Appropriate imaging analysis of visual loss is facilitated by a compartmental approach that establishes a differential diagnosis on the basis of suspected lesion location and specific clinical features. CT and MRI are the primary imaging modalities used to evaluate patients with visual loss and are often complementary in evaluating these patients...
May 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687522/scientific-publications-of-european-neurologists-a-survey-commissioned-by-the-european-academy-of-neurology
#2
Giorgio Cruccu, Gűnther Deuschl, Antonio Federico
BACKGROUND: Bibliometric searches may provide an indirect assessment of research in a field or country. The European Academy of Neurology decided to investigate how the article production was developing in European countries, as an indicator of neurological vitality. METHODS: We searched two databases, Scopus and PubMed, for articles published by authors belonging to neurological institutions in all European countries, USA, Brazil, China, and Japan. The search assessed the production in the period between 2000 and 2015...
April 23, 2018: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687346/long-term-cognitive-outcomes-after-sepsis-a-translational-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Tatiana Barichello, Pavani Sayana, Vijayasree V Giridharan, Anithachristy S Arumanayagam, Boomadevi Narendran, Amanda Della Giustina, Fabricia Petronilho, João Quevedo, Felipe Dal-Pizzol
Sepsis is systemic inflammatory response syndrome with a life-threatening organ dysfunction that is caused by an unbalanced host immune response in an attempt to eliminate invasive microorganisms. We posed questions, "Does sepsis survivor patients have increased risk of neuropsychiatric manifestations?" and "What is the mechanism by which sepsis induces long-term neurological sequelae, particularly substantial cognitive function decline in survivor patients and in pre-clinical sepsis models?" The studies were identified by searching PubMed/MEDLINE (National Library of Medicine), PsycINFO, EMBASE (Ovid), LILACS (Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature), IBECS (Bibliographical Index in Spanish in Health Sciences), and Web of Science databases for peer-reviewed journals that were published until January 2018...
April 23, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622559/who-s-contributing-most-to-american-neuroscience-journals-american-or-foreign-authors
#4
P Charkhchi, M Mirbolouk, R Jalilian, D M Yousem
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: With globalization, the contributions of authors from abroad to the American published literature has increased. We sought to determine the changes with time in the proportional contributions of American and non-American authors in the American neurosciences literature. We hypothesized the following: 1) During the past 21 years, manuscript contributions of American institutions have proportionally decreased in neuroradiology, more than in neurosurgery or neurology; 2) contributions of Asian institutions have affected neuroradiology more than neurosurgery and neurology; and 3) American articles garner more citations...
April 5, 2018: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521604/oral-presentation-to-publication-publication-rates-of-abstract-presentations-across-two-pediatric-neurosurgical-meetings
#5
Christopher M Bonfield, Rachel Pellegrino, Jillian Berkman, Robert P Naftel, Chevis N Shannon, John C Wellons
OBJECTIVE Both the American Association of Neurological Surgeons/Congress of Neurological Surgeons Joint Section on Pediatric Neurological Surgery (AANS/CNS Pediatric Section) and the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery (ISPN) annual meetings provide a platform for pediatric neurosurgeons to present, discuss, and disseminate current academic research. An ultimate goal of these meetings is to publish presented results in peer-reviewed journals. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the publication rates of oral presentations from the 2009, 2010, and 2011 AANS/CNS Pediatric Section and ISPN annual meetings in peer-reviewed journals...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298301/mapping-of-global-scientific-research-in-comorbidity-and-multimorbidity-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#6
Ferrán Catalá-López, Adolfo Alonso-Arroyo, Matthew J Page, Brian Hutton, Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos, Rafael Aleixandre-Benavent
BACKGROUND: The management of comorbidity and multimorbidity poses major challenges to health services around the world. Analysis of scientific research in comorbidity and multimorbidity is limited in the biomedical literature. This study aimed to map global scientific research in comorbidity and multimorbidity to understand the maturity and growth of the area during the past decades. METHODS AND FINDINGS: This was a cross-sectional analysis of the Web of Science...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191125/the-2017-aans-presidential-address-a-world-of-innovation
#7
Frederick A Boop
The 2016 scientific meeting of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS) focused on the theme "A World of Innovation." In his presidential address, 2016 AANS President Frederick Boop compared the historical development of the specialty of neurological surgery with that of the development of global communications. In the early years, general surgeons training in the United States would spend post-residency time abroad learning from surgical masters in Europe and other places. Since Harvey Cushing's day, neurosurgeons from around the world continue to travel abroad, with many now coming to America for training at centers of excellence...
December 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150902/wieacker-wolff-syndrome-with-associated-cleft-palate-in-a-female-case
#8
Natalie D Godfrey, Samandar Dowlatshahi, Madelena M Martin, Douglas M Rothkopf
Wieacker-Wolff syndrome is a rare congenital syndrome with few reported cases in the current literature. It is traditionally described in males as an X-linked recessive disorder associated with congenital contractures of the feet, progressive neurologic muscular atrophy, and intellectual delay caused by ZC4H2 mutations. The purpose of this paper is to present a female individual with a classic phenotype and cleft palate, a previously undescribed finding in this syndrome. Recent reports have demonstrated that females are rarely severely affected and phenotypic expression is difficult to predict [Zanzottera et al...
January 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101995/acr-appropriateness-criteria%C3%A2-tinnitus
#9
Marcus M Kessler, Marwan Moussa, Julie Bykowski, Claudia F E Kirsch, Joseph M Aulino, Kevin L Berger, Asim F Choudhri, Terry D Fife, Isabelle M Germano, A Tuba Kendi, Jeffrey H Kim, Michael D Luttrull, Diego Nunez, Lubdha M Shah, Aseem Sharma, Vilaas S Shetty, Sophia C Symko, Rebecca S Cornelius
Tinnitus is the perception of sound in the absence of an external source. It is a common symptom that can be related to hearing loss and other benign causes. However, tinnitus may be disabling and can be the only symptom in a patient with a central nervous system process disorder. History and physical examination are crucial first steps to determine the need for imaging. CT and MRI are useful in the setting of pulsatile tinnitus to evaluate for an underlying vascular anomaly or abnormality. If there is concomitant asymmetric hearing loss, neurologic deficit, or head trauma, imaging should be guided by those respective ACR Appropriateness Criteria® documents, rather than the presence of tinnitus...
November 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101992/acr-appropriateness-criteria%C3%A2-sinonasal-disease
#10
Claudia F E Kirsch, Julie Bykowski, Joseph M Aulino, Kevin L Berger, Asim F Choudhri, David B Conley, Michael D Luttrull, Diego Nunez, Lubdha M Shah, Aseem Sharma, Vilaas S Shetty, Rathan M Subramaniam, Sophia C Symko, Rebecca S Cornelius
Imaging of sinonasal pathology may occur for assessment of rhinosinusitis or mass lesions. Rhinosinusitis is prevalent in up to 16% of the US population with annual economic burdens estimated at 22 billion dollars. Rhinosinusitis is characterized as acute or chronic based on symptom duration; if four or more episodes occur annually, the term recurrent acute rhinosinusitis (RARS) is used. In acute uncomplicated rhinosinusitis when inflammatory change remains in the paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity, imaging may not be required...
November 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101981/acr-appropriateness-criteria%C3%A2-cranial-neuropathy
#11
Bruno Policeni, Amanda S Corey, Judah Burns, David B Conley, R Webster Crowley, H Benjamin Harvey, Jenny Hoang, Christopher H Hunt, Bharathi D Jagadeesan, Amy F Juliano, Tabassum A Kennedy, Gul Moonis, Jeffrey S Pannell, Nandini D Patel, Joel S Perlmutter, Joshua M Rosenow, Jason W Schroeder, Mathew T Whitehead, Rebecca S Cornelius
Evaluation of cranial neuropathy can be complex given the different pathway of each cranial nerve as well as the associated anatomic landmarks. Radiological evaluation requires imaging of the entire course of the nerve from its nucleus to the end organ. MRI is the modality of choice with CT playing a complementary role, particularly in the evaluation of the bone anatomy. Since neoplastic and inflammatory lesions are prevalent on the differential diagnosis, contrast enhanced studies are preferred when possible...
November 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866067/fostering-student-interest-in-neurologic-surgery-the-university-of-pittsburgh-experience
#12
Ahmed Kashkoush, Rafey Feroze, Stephanie Myal, Arpan V Prabhu, Alexandra Sansosti, Daniel Tonetti, Nitin Agarwal
INTRODUCTION: Early involvement and research in neurosurgery can increase chances for medical students to matriculate successfully into residency. This study reports the creation of a Neurological Surgery Interest Group (NSIG) at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and shares its activities over 2 academic years. METHODS: In October 2014, the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine's NSIG was created to augment medical student interest in neurosurgery...
December 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639937/a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial-of-intravenous-immunoglobulin-compared-with-standard-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-transverse-myelitis-in-adults-and-children-strive
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Michael Absoud, Peter Brex, Olga Ciccarelli, Onyinye Diribe, Gavin Giovannoni, Jennifer Hellier, Rosemary Howe, Rachel Holland, Joanna Kelly, Paul McCrone, Caroline Murphy, Jackie Palace, Andrew Pickles, Michael Pike, Neil Robertson, Anu Jacob, Ming Lim
BACKGROUND: Transverse myelitis (TM) is an immune-mediated disorder of the spinal cord that affects adults and children and that causes motor, sensory and autonomic dysfunction. There is a prolonged recovery phase, which may continue for many years. Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is an uncommon relapsing inflammatory central nervous system condition in which TM can be the first presenting symptom. As TM and NMO affect many patients in the prime of their working life, the disorder can impose a significant demand on health resources...
May 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616040/stem-cell-transplantation-for-spinal-cord-injury-a-meta-analysis-of-treatment-effectiveness-and-safety
#14
Xiao Fan, Jin-Zhao Wang, Xiao-Min Lin, Li Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of stem cell transplantation for spinal cord injury (SCI). DATA SOURCES: PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, China Science and Technology Journal, Wanfang, and SinoMed databases were systematically searched by computer to select clinical randomized controlled trials using stem cell transplantation to treat SCI, published between each database initiation and July 2016...
May 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541234/psychiatric-specialty-training-in-greece
#15
EDITORIAL
M Margariti, V Kontaxakis, D Ploumpidis
The reform and development of psychiatric services require, in addition to financial resources, reserves in specialized human resources. The role of psychiatrists in this process, and at reducing the consequences of mental morbidity is evident. Psychiatrists are required to play a multifaceted role as clinicians, as experts in multidisciplinary team environments and as advisors in the recognition of public needs in mental health issues, as teachers and mentors for students and other health professionals, as researchers in order to enrich our knowledge in the scientific field of psychiatry, and as public health specialists in the development of the mental health services system...
January 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473091/acr-appropriateness-criteria%C3%A2-cerebrovascular%C3%A2-disease
#16
Michael B Salmela, Shabnam Mortazavi, Bharathi D Jagadeesan, Daniel F Broderick, Judah Burns, Tejaswini K Deshmukh, H Benjamin Harvey, Jenny Hoang, Christopher H Hunt, Tabassum A Kennedy, Alexander A Khalessi, William Mack, Nandini D Patel, Joel S Perlmutter, Bruno Policeni, Jason W Schroeder, Gavin Setzen, Matthew T Whitehead, Rebecca S Cornelius, Amanda S Corey
Diseases of the cerebral vasculature represent a heterogeneous group of ischemic and hemorrhagic etiologies, which often manifest clinically as an acute neurologic deficit also known as stroke or less commonly with symptoms such as headache or seizures. Stroke is the fourth leading cause of death and is a leading cause of serious long-term disability in the United States. Eighty-seven percent of strokes are ischemic, 10% are due to intracerebral hemorrhage, and 3% are secondary to subarachnoid hemorrhage. The past two decades have seen significant developments in the screening, diagnosis, and treatment of ischemic and hemorrhagic causes of stroke with advancements in CT and MRI technology and novel treatment devices and techniques...
May 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473090/acr-appropriateness-criteria%C3%A2-suspected-physical-abuse-child
#17
Sandra L Wootton-Gorges, Bruno P Soares, Adina L Alazraki, Sudha A Anupindi, Jeffrey P Blount, Timothy N Booth, Molly E Dempsey, Richard A Falcone, Laura L Hayes, Abhaya V Kulkarni, Sonia Partap, Cynthia K Rigsby, Maura E Ryan, Nabile M Safdar, Andrew T Trout, Roger F Widmann, Boaz K Karmazyn, Susan Palasis
The youngest children, particularly in the first year of life, are the most vulnerable to physical abuse. Skeletal survey is the universal screening examination in children 24 months of age and younger. Fractures occur in over half of abused children. Rib fractures may be the only abnormality in about 30%. A repeat limited skeletal survey after 2 weeks can detect additional fractures and can provide fracture dating information. The type and extent of additional imaging for pediatric patients being evaluated for suspected physical abuse depends on the age of the child, the presence of neurologic signs and symptoms, evidence of thoracic or abdominopelvic injuries, and social considerations...
May 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473078/acr-appropriateness-criteria%C3%A2-plexopathy
#18
Julie Bykowski, Joseph M Aulino, Kevin L Berger, R Carter Cassidy, Asim F Choudhri, A Tuba Kendi, Claudia F E Kirsch, Michael D Luttrull, Aseem Sharma, Vilaas S Shetty, Khoi Than, Christopher J Winfree, Rebecca S Cornelius
MRI without and with contrast is the most accurate imaging method to determine whether a process is intrinsic or extrinsic to a nerve of the brachial or lumbosacral plexus. However, there are no Current Procedural Terminology codes to correspond to imaging studies of the brachial or lumbar plexus discretely. This assessment uses "MRI of the brachial plexus" or "MRI of the lumbosacral plexus" as independent entities given that imaging acquisition for the respective plexus differs in sequences and planes compared with those of a routine neck, chest, spine, or pelvic MRI, yet acknowledges the potential variability of ordering practices across institutions...
May 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473069/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-back-pain-child
#19
Timothy N Booth, Ramesh S Iyer, Richard A Falcone, Laura L Hayes, Jeremy Y Jones, Nadja Kadom, Abhaya V Kulkarni, John S Myseros, Sonia Partap, Charles Reitman, Richard L Robertson, Maura E Ryan, Gaurav Saigal, Bruno P Soares, Aylin Tekes-Brady, Andrew T Trout, Nicholas A Zumberge, Brian D Coley, Susan Palasis
It is now generally accepted that nontraumatic back pain in the pediatric population is common. The presence of isolated back pain in a child has previously been an indication for imaging; however, recently a more conservative approach has been suggested using clinical criteria. The presence of constant pain, night pain, and radicular pain, alone or in combination, lasting for 4 weeks or more, constitute clinical red flags that should prompt further imaging. Without these clinical red flags, imaging is likely not indicated...
May 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897267/increasing-bmi-is-associated-with-reduced-expression-of-p-glycoprotein-abcb1-gene-in-the-human-brain-with-a-stronger-association-in-african-americans-than-caucasians
#20
J Vendelbo, R H Olesen, J K Lauridsen, J Rungby, J E Kleinman, T M Hyde, A Larsen
The efflux pump, p-glycoprotein, controls bioavailability and excretion of pharmaceutical compounds. In the blood-brain barrier, p-glycoprotein regulates the delivery of pharmaceutical substances to the brain, influencing efficacy and side effects for some drugs notably antipsychotics. Common side effects to antipsychotics include obesity and metabolic disease. Polymorphisms in the ABCB1 gene coding for p-glycoprotein are associated with more severe side effects to neuro-pharmaceuticals as well as weight gain, indicating a potential link between p-glycoprotein function and metabolic regulation...
January 2018: Pharmacogenomics Journal
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