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american journal of neurology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473091/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-cerebrovascular%C3%A2-disease
#1
Michael B Salmela, Shabnam Mortazavi, Bharathi D Jagadeesan, Daniel F Broderick, Judah Burns, Tejaswini K Deshmukh, H Benjamin Harvey, Jenny Hoang, Christopher H Hunt, Tabassum A Kennedy, Alexander A Khalessi, William Mack, Nandini D Patel, Joel S Perlmutter, Bruno Policeni, Jason W Schroeder, Gavin Setzen, Matthew T Whitehead, Rebecca S Cornelius, Amanda S Corey
Diseases of the cerebral vasculature represent a heterogeneous group of ischemic and hemorrhagic etiologies, which often manifest clinically as an acute neurologic deficit also known as stroke or less commonly with symptoms such as headache or seizures. Stroke is the fourth leading cause of death and is a leading cause of serious long-term disability in the United States. Eighty-seven percent of strokes are ischemic, 10% are due to intracerebral hemorrhage, and 3% are secondary to subarachnoid hemorrhage. The past two decades have seen significant developments in the screening, diagnosis, and treatment of ischemic and hemorrhagic causes of stroke with advancements in CT and MRI technology and novel treatment devices and techniques...
May 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473090/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-suspected-physical-abuse-child
#2
Sandra L Wootton-Gorges, Bruno P Soares, Adina L Alazraki, Sudha A Anupindi, Jeffrey P Blount, Timothy N Booth, Molly E Dempsey, Richard A Falcone, Laura L Hayes, Abhaya V Kulkarni, Sonia Partap, Cynthia K Rigsby, Maura E Ryan, Nabile M Safdar, Andrew T Trout, Roger F Widmann, Boaz K Karmazyn, Susan Palasis
The youngest children, particularly in the first year of life, are the most vulnerable to physical abuse. Skeletal survey is the universal screening examination in children 24 months of age and younger. Fractures occur in over half of abused children. Rib fractures may be the only abnormality in about 30%. A repeat limited skeletal survey after 2 weeks can detect additional fractures and can provide fracture dating information. The type and extent of additional imaging for pediatric patients being evaluated for suspected physical abuse depends on the age of the child, the presence of neurologic signs and symptoms, evidence of thoracic or abdominopelvic injuries, and social considerations...
May 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473078/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-plexopathy
#3
Julie Bykowski, Joseph M Aulino, Kevin L Berger, R Carter Cassidy, Asim F Choudhri, A Tuba Kendi, Claudia F E Kirsch, Michael D Luttrull, Aseem Sharma, Vilaas S Shetty, Khoi Than, Christopher J Winfree, Rebecca S Cornelius
MRI without and with contrast is the most accurate imaging method to determine whether a process is intrinsic or extrinsic to a nerve of the brachial or lumbosacral plexus. However, there are no Current Procedural Terminology codes to correspond to imaging studies of the brachial or lumbar plexus discretely. This assessment uses "MRI of the brachial plexus" or "MRI of the lumbosacral plexus" as independent entities given that imaging acquisition for the respective plexus differs in sequences and planes compared with those of a routine neck, chest, spine, or pelvic MRI, yet acknowledges the potential variability of ordering practices across institutions...
May 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473069/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-back-pain-child
#4
Timothy N Booth, Ramesh S Iyer, Richard A Falcone, Laura L Hayes, Jeremy Y Jones, Nadja Kadom, Abhaya V Kulkarni, John S Myseros, Sonia Partap, Charles Reitman, Richard L Robertson, Maura E Ryan, Gaurav Saigal, Bruno P Soares, Aylin Tekes-Brady, Andrew T Trout, Nicholas A Zumberge, Brian D Coley, Susan Palasis
It is now generally accepted that nontraumatic back pain in the pediatric population is common. The presence of isolated back pain in a child has previously been an indication for imaging; however, recently a more conservative approach has been suggested using clinical criteria. The presence of constant pain, night pain, and radicular pain, alone or in combination, lasting for 4 weeks or more, constitute clinical red flags that should prompt further imaging. Without these clinical red flags, imaging is likely not indicated...
May 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897267/increasing-bmi-is-associated-with-reduced-expression-of-p-glycoprotein-abcb1-gene-in-the-human-brain-with-a-stronger-association-in-african-americans-than-caucasians
#5
J Vendelbo, R H Olesen, J K Lauridsen, J Rungby, J E Kleinman, T M Hyde, A Larsen
The efflux pump, p-glycoprotein, controls bioavailability and excretion of pharmaceutical compounds. In the blood-brain barrier, p-glycoprotein regulates the delivery of pharmaceutical substances to the brain, influencing efficacy and side effects for some drugs notably antipsychotics. Common side effects to antipsychotics include obesity and metabolic disease. Polymorphisms in the ABCB1 gene coding for p-glycoprotein are associated with more severe side effects to neuro-pharmaceuticals as well as weight gain, indicating a potential link between p-glycoprotein function and metabolic regulation...
November 29, 2016: Pharmacogenomics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854093/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-mimicking-brainstem-infarction-a-dilemma
#6
Tsung-Han Ho, Chia-Lin Tsai, Yaw-Don Hsu, Jiunn-Tay Lee, Fu-Chi Yang, Chia-Ching Hsu, Chun-Chieh Lin
PURPOSE: We had recently reported one case at American Journal of Emergency Medicine about centralvariant posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) in an 84-year-old woman with an initial misdiagnosis as central pontine myelinolysis (CPM). Here, we introduce another case of centralvariant PRES in a 49-year-old man mimicking as acute brainstem infarction in the cranial computed tomography (CT) findings. CASE REPORT: A 49-year-old man was admitted to the emergency department with a 5-day history of vertigo, cognitive decline, and difficulty in walking...
June 15, 2016: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853666/outcome-instruments-in-spinal-trauma-surgery-a-bibliometric-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Holt S Cutler, Javier Z Guzman, James Connolly, Motasem Al Maaieh, Branko Skovrlj, Samuel K Cho
Study Design Literature review. Objective To identify outcomes instruments used in spinal trauma surgery over the past decade, their frequency of use, and usage trends. Methods Five top orthopedic journals were reviewed from 2004 to 2013 for clinical studies of surgical intervention in spinal trauma that reported patient-reported outcome instruments use or neurologic function scale use. Publication year, level of evidence (LOE), and outcome instruments were collected for each article and analyzed. Results A total of 58 studies were identified...
December 2016: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648988/learning-from-errors
#8
Janet Metcalfe
Although error avoidance during learning appears to be the rule in American classrooms, laboratory studies suggest that it may be a counterproductive strategy, at least for neurologically typical students. Experimental investigations indicate that errorful learning followed by corrective feedback is beneficial to learning. Interestingly, the beneficial effects are particularly salient when individuals strongly believe that their error is correct: Errors committed with high confidence are corrected more readily than low-confidence errors...
January 3, 2017: Annual Review of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27257737/reporting-of-randomized-controlled-trials-with-statistically-nonsignificant-primary-outcomes-published-in-high-impact-surgical-journals
#9
Lakshmanan Arunachalam, Iain A Hunter, Shane Killeen
OBJECTIVE: To determine the nature and frequency of distorted presentation or "spin" (ie, specific reporting strategies which highlight that the experimental treatment is beneficial, despite a statistically nonsignificant difference for the primary outcome, or distract the reader from statistically nonsignificant results) in published reports of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with statistically nonsignificant results for primary outcomes in surgical journals. BACKGROUND: Multiple reports have suggested that interpretation of RCT results in medical journals can be distorted by authors of published reports...
June 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26956939/bisphenol-a-exposure-and-children-s-behavior-a-systematic-review
#10
Maede Ejaredar, Yoonshin Lee, Derek J Roberts, Reginald Sauve, Deborah Dewey
Bisphenol A (BPA) is an endocrine disrupting chemical used to synthesize polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins. Previous research suggests that exposure to it can alter children's behavior. The objective of this study is to conduct a systematic review of the existing literature, examining associations between prenatal and childhood BPA exposure and behavior in children up to 12 years of age. We searched electronic bibliographic databases (MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and ERIC), reference lists of included articles, and conference abstracts (American Psychiatric Association, American Academy of Neurology, Pediatric Academic Societies, and International Society of Environmental Epidemiology)...
March 9, 2016: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26909836/robert-w-williams-forgotten-pioneer-of-spinal-%C3%B0-icrosurgery
#11
James L Stone, Paul M Arnold, Shakeel A Chowdhry, Fady Charbel
UNLABELLED: In the 1970's many neurosurgeons gradually adapted microsurgical techniques to spine surgery as the benefits of magnification, illumination, and use of fine instruments in cranial surgery became apparent. In the early 1970 s, Robert W. Williams, а neurosurgeon in private practice in Las Vegas, Nevada, independently began to devise spinal microneurosurgical techniques with the goal of improving surgical outcome in lumbar and cervical surgery. Much of his initial work with microlumbar discectomies and microcervical foraminotomies was presented at annual meetings of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons and Congress of Neurological Surgeons in the 1970s and 1980s...
August 15, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26620469/top-25-cited-articles-on-gamma-knife-surgery-published-since-2005-in-journals-of-the-american-association-of-neurological-surgeons
#12
Veronica L S Chiang, Jonathan P S Knisely
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26339849/bradford-s-law-identification-of-the-core-journals-for-neurosurgery-and-its-subspecialties
#13
REVIEW
Garrett T Venable, Brandon A Shepherd, Christopher M Loftis, S Gray McClatchy, Mallory L Roberts, Meghan E Fillinger, James B Tansey, Paul Klimo
OBJECTIVE: Bradford's law describes the scatter of citations for a given subject or field. It can be used to identify the most highly cited journals for a field or subject. The objective of this study was to use currently accepted formulations of Bradford's law to identify core journals of neurosurgery and neurosurgical subspecialties. METHODS: All original research publications from 2009 to 2013 were analyzed for the top 25 North American academic neurosurgeons from each subspecialty...
February 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26234315/new-investigator-and-trainee-task-force-survey-on-the-recruitment-and-retention-of-headache-specialists
#14
Mia T Minen, Tesha Monteith, Lauren D Strauss, Amaal Starling
OBJECTIVES: We sought to survey the New Investigators and Trainees Section (NITS) members of the American Headache Society (AHS) to better understand their exposure to headache medicine during training and to determine their perceptions and attitudes about the field and the future of headache medicine. BACKGROUND: Despite the high prevalence of headache disorders in the general population, only about 2% of neurology residents pursue headache medicine fellowships...
September 2015: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26215934/are-multiple-primary-outcomes-analysed-appropriately-in-randomised-controlled-trials-a-review
#15
REVIEW
Victoria Vickerstaff, Gareth Ambler, Michael King, Irwin Nazareth, Rumana Z Omar
OBJECTIVES: To review how multiple primary outcomes are currently considered in the analysis of randomised controlled trials. We briefly describe the methods available to safeguard the inferences and to raise awareness of the potential problems caused by multiple outcomes. METHODS/DESIGN: We reviewed randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in neurology and psychiatry disease areas, as these frequently analyse multiple outcomes. We reviewed all published RCTs from July 2011 to June 2014 inclusive in the following high impact journals: The New England Journal of Medicine, The Lancet, The American Journal of Psychiatry, JAMA Psychiatry, The Lancet Neurology and Neurology...
November 2015: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25974663/acr-appropriateness-criteria%C3%A2-metastatic-epidural-spinal-cord-compression-and-recurrent-spinal-metastasis
#16
Simon Shek-Man Lo, Samuel Ryu, Eric L Chang, Nicholas Galanopoulos, Joshua Jones, Edward Y Kim, Charlotte D Kubicky, Charles P Lee, Peter S Rose, Arjun Sahgal, Andrew E Sloan, Bin S Teh, Bryan J Traughber, Catherine Van Poznak, Andrew D Vassil
Metastatic epidural spinal cord compression (MESCC) is an oncologic emergency and if left untreated, permanent paralysis will ensue. The treatment of MESCC is governed by disease, patient, and treatment factors. Patient's preferences and goals of care are to be weighed into the treatment plan. Ideally, a patient with MESCC is evaluated by an interdisciplinary team promptly to determine the urgency of the clinical scenario. Treatment recommendations must take into consideration the risk-benefit profiles of surgical intervention and radiotherapy for the particular individual's circumstance, including neurologic status, performance status, extent of epidural disease, stability of the spine, extra-spinal disease status, and life expectancy...
July 2015: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25886681/who-pioneered-the-use-of-antipsychotics-in-north-america
#17
Emmanuel Stip
OBJECTIVE: Neuroleptics were introduced into North America 60 years ago. The credit for this advance is generally accorded to Heinz Lehmann. I sought to explore whether Lehmann really was the first North American psychiatrist to study the effects of chlorpromazine (CPZ) and to provide a more balanced view of its application in a clinical context. METHOD: I searched for historical documents and published articles in several libraries and interviewed psychiatrists active from 1952-1970...
March 2015: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25742589/neurology-at-escola-paulista-de-medicina-1933-1995-from-fausto-guerner-to-jos%C3%A3-geraldo-camargo-lima
#18
Henrique Ballalai Ferraz, Afonso Carlos Neves
Escola Paulista de Medicina (EPM) was founded in 1933 and the first Professor of Neurology was Fausto Guerner, who could not effectively assume the teaching activities due to his premature death in 1938. Professor Guerner had had his neurological training at Paris. Professor Longo was his successor. Longo was one of the founders of Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria the foremost journal of neurosciences in Latin American. Longo died in 1967 and Professor Paulo Pupo succeeded him. Pupo introduced electroencephalography in Brazil...
February 2015: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25709626/stem-cell-transplantation-for-treating-parkinson-s-disease-literature-analysis-based-on-the-web-of-science
#19
Runhui Li
OBJECTIVE: To identify global research trends of stem cell transplantation for treating Parkinson's disease using a bibliometric analysis of the Web of Science. DATA RETRIEVAL: We performed a bibliometric analysis of data retrievals for stem cell transplantation for treating Parkinson's disease from 2002 to 2011 using the Web of Science. SELECTION CRITERIA: HASH(0x4fd6a40) INCLUSION CRITERIA: (a) peer-reviewed articles on stem cell transplantation for treating Parkinson's disease which were published and indexed in the Web of Science; (b) type of articles: original research articles, reviews, meeting abstracts, proceedings papers, book chapters, editorial material and news items; (c) year of publication: 2002-2011...
June 5, 2012: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25632217/assessment-and-treatment-of-self-injurious-behavior-associated-with-donnai-barrow-syndrome
#20
Henry Roane, Kelly Bouxsein, Caitlin Fulton
Donnai and Barrow (American Journal of Medical Genetics, 68, 441-444, 1993) reported multiple participants who shared a variety of specific physical and neurological anomalies. Relatively few cases have been reported since then and few of those have progressed to an age such that the developmental progression of the disorder can be ascertained. We describe one participant with Donnai-Barrow syndrome who engaged in repetitive self-injurious behavior (SIB), which heretofore has not be described in this population...
August 2012: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities
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