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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789936/proposal-of-a-form-for-the-collection-of-videolaryngostroboscopy-basic-findings
#1
Andrea Ricci-Maccarini, Giuseppe Bergamini, Rolando Fustos
Videolaryngostroboscopy is a useful investigation required for a correct diagnosis of laryngeal diseases and voice disorders. We present a form for the collection of basic laryngostroboscopic findings, which provides for the evaluation of the classical six parameters codified by Hirano (symmetry and periodicity of glottic vibration, glottic closure, profile of vocal fold edge, amplitude of vocal fold vibration, mucosal wave) and six other parameters which we have included in the form for an essential and complete laryngostroboscopic evaluation (supraglottic framework behaviour, seat of phonatory vibration, vocal fold morphology and motility, level of the vocal fold, stops of vocal fold mucosa vibration)...
May 22, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788321/presentation-of-oropharyngeal-dysphagia-and-rehabilitative-intervention-following-esophagectomy-a-systematic-review
#2
A Kaneoka, S Yang, H Inokuchi, R Ueha, H Yamashita, T Nito, Y Seto, N Haga
No study has systematically reviewed the evidence on presentation of oropharyngeal dysphagia and swallowing rehabilitation following esophagectomy. The purposes of this systematic review are to 1) qualitatively synthesize the current findings on oropharyngeal swallowing abnormalities identified by instrumental swallowing evaluations, 2) describe the reported health-related outcomes in relation to swallowing abnormality following esophagectomy, and 3) examine the efficacy of reported rehabilitative interventions for oropharyngeal dysphagia in patients who underwent esophagectomy...
May 21, 2018: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785934/imaging-modalities-in-the-etiologic-evaluation-of-unilateral-vocal-fold-paralysis
#3
Suat Bilici, Muhammet Yildiz, Ozgur Yigit, Esra Misir
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the roles of computed tomography (CT) and neck ultrasonography (US) in evaluating unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) of unknown etiology and to compare our results with those of other studies to assess the differences in etiology of UVFP. METHODS: We investigated the medical records of 202 eligible patients with UVFP. In total, 168 underwent chest CT, 118 underwent neck CT, and 108 underwent head CT. One hundred and three patients were also evaluated with high-resolution neck US...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784620/comparison-of-the-efficacy-of-vocal-training-and-vocal-microsurgery-in-patients-with-early-vocal-fold-polyp
#4
Hanqing Wang, Pan Zhuge, Huihua You, Yulan Zhang, Zhifeng Zhang
INTRODUCTION: Vocal fold polyp is a benign proliferative disease in the superficial lamina propria of the vocal fold, and vocal microsurgery can improve the voice quality of patients with vocal fold polyp. In preliminary studies, we found that vocal training could improve the vocal quality of patients with early vocal fold polyp. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the efficacies of vocal training and vocal microsurgery in patients with early vocal fold polyp...
May 9, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780189/nonlinear-viscoelastic-characterization-of-human-vocal-fold-tissues-under-large-amplitude-oscillatory-shear-laos
#5
Roger W Chan
Viscoelastic shear properties of human vocal fold tissues were previously quantified by the shear moduli ( G' and G″ ). Yet these small-strain linear measures were unable to describe any nonlinear tissue behavior. This study attempted to characterize the nonlinear viscoelastic response of the vocal fold lamina propria under large-amplitude oscillatory shear (LAOS) with a stress decomposition approach. Human vocal fold cover and vocal ligament specimens from eight subjects were subjected to LAOS rheometric testing with a simple-shear rheometer...
May 2018: Journal of Rheology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775020/-the-treatment-of-partial-co%C3%A2-laser-arytenoidectomy-for-bilateral-vocal-fold-paralysis
#6
Y T Wang, X Sun, W Y Ji
Objective: To assess the efficacy of partial CO₂ laser arytenoidectomy in cases with bilateral vocal fold paralysis. Method: A total number of 11 patients with bilateral vocal fold paralysis who undergone partial CO₂ laser arytenoidectomy was included in this retrospective study. The efficacy of the treatment was evaluated by compare the form of glottis, the scale of dyspnea and the change of voice preoperatively and postoperatively, as well as the occurrence of surgery complications such as dysphonia and dysphagia...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773323/primary-laryngeal-tuberculosis-our-experiences-at-a-tertiary-care-teaching-hospital-in-eastern-india
#7
Santosh Kumar Swain, Ishwar Chandra Behera, Mahesh Chandra Sahu
INTRODUCTION: Primary laryngeal tuberculosis is a chronic bacterial infection of the larynx by Mycobacterium tuberculosis without affecting the lungs. It is a rare type of extrapulmonary tuberculosis seen in clinical practice. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of primary laryngeal tuberculosis at a tertiary care teaching hospital in eastern India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 11 cases of primary laryngeal tuberculosis managed between December 2013 and January 2018...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770572/intralesional-steroid-injection-as-an-alternative-treatment-for-57-patients-of-vocal-fold-mucus-retention-cysts
#8
Po-Hsuan Wu, Po-Wen Cheng, Feng-Chuan Lin, Chi-Te Wang
This study intends to validate the effectiveness of vocal fold steroid injection (VFSI) for mucus retention cysts (MRCs) by comparing the treatment outcome with a control group and investigate the risk factors for recurrence. This study recruited 57 patients with vocal fold MRCs treated with in-office VFSI between January 2014 and December 2016. Another 24 patients with MRCs receiving only conservative treatment during the same study period were included as the control group. Treatment outcomes comparison of the 22 age- and sex- matched patients between the VFSI and control groups demonstrated significantly better improvements among the patients receiving VFSI in maximal phonation, perceptual voice quality, and 10-item voice handicap index...
May 16, 2018: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764020/-effect-of-cricothyroid-and-thyroarytenoid-muscle-botulinum-toxin-injection-on-patients-with-dyspnea-caused-by-bilateral-recurrent-laryngeal-nerve-paresis
#9
X L Xu, J M Lai, T Qiu, Y L Ma, Y C Jiao, P Y Zhuang
Objective: To discuss the clinical effect of small dose of botulinum toxin injection in cricothyroid muscle and thyroarytenoid muscle on patients with incomplete bilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve paresis. Methods: Six patients were selected with Ⅰor Ⅱ or Ⅲ degree of dyspnea diagnosed as bilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve injury by laryngeal electromyography, and small dose of botulinum toxin injection was performed in cricothyroid muscle and thyroarytenoid muscle as a treatment. Degree of dyspnea was assessed one month before and after the treatment, and the stroboscopic laryngoscope results, acoustic parameters and CT image of the patients were collected in the 6 patients...
May 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760737/injection-laryngoplasty-using-autologous-fat-enriched-with-adipose-derived-regenerative-stem-cells-a-safe-therapeutic-option-for-the-functional-reconstruction-of-the-glottal-gap-after-unilateral-vocal-fold-paralysis
#10
José M Lasso, Daniel Poletti, Batolomé Scola, Pedro Gómez-Vilda, Ana I García-Martín, María Eugenia Fernández-Santos
Background: Paralysis of one vocal fold leads to glottal gap and vocal fold insufficiency that has significant impact upon a patient's quality of life. Fillers have been tested to perform intracordal injections, but they do not provide perdurable results. Early data suggest that enriching fat grafts with adipose-derived regenerative cells (ADRCs) promote angiogenesis and modulate the immune response, improving graft survival. The aim of this study is to propose ADRC-enriched adipose tissue grafts as effective filler for the paralyzed vocal fold to use it for functional reconstruction of the glottal gap...
2018: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759919/does-pepsin-play-a-role-in-etiology-of-laryngeal-nodules
#11
Hamdi Tasli, Burcu Eser, Mehmet Burak Asik, Hakan Birkent
OBJECTIVES: Vocal fold nodules (VFNs) are benign disorders affecting the superficial lamina propria of the true vocal folds. The etiology of VFNs still remains unclear but laryngeal trauma caused by vocal abuse, tobacco, alcohol, and laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) plays a crucial role on the pathogenesis. The aim of this study was to assess the presence of pepsin in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FEPE) specimens of VFNs to evaluate the role of LPR as a risk factor for VFNs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 28 pathology specimens of patients suffering from VFNs who had undergone laser microsurgery under general anesthesia were evaluated...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756243/narrow-band-imaging-for-risk-stratification-of-glottic-cancer-within-leukoplakia
#12
Anna Rzepakowska, Ewelina Sielska-Badurek, Michal Żurek, Ewa Osuch-Wójcikiewicz, Kazimierz Niemczyk
BACKGROUND: This study investigates relevance of narrow band imaging (NBI) in stratifying risk of malignant transformation within leukoplakia. METHODS: We conducted a prospective analysis that included 62 patients with 91 changes of leukoplakia on vocal folds. The NBI was obtained before microsurgery. Categorization of the lesion as benign was made when vessels of surrounding epithelium were classified as type I, II, or IV according to Ni classification. If there were visualized intraepithelial papillary capillary loops of type V, the lesion was classified as malignant...
May 13, 2018: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754713/endoscopic-partial-arytenoidectomy-for-bilateral-vocal-fold-paralysis-medially-based-mucosal-flap-technique
#13
Taner Yılmaz
PURPOSE: Endoscopic partial arytenoidectomy (EPA) is one of the static operations for treatment of bilateral vocal fold paralysis (BVFP). Improvement in airway may cause voice loss and aspiration. The author reports his experience on EPA using medially based mucosal flap to enlarge posterior glottis without removing any part of membranous vocal fold. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-four consecutive patients with BVFP underwent EPA. Pre- and postoperative evaluations included Voice Handicap Index-30, aerodynamic and acoustic analysis, flow volume loops, perceptual evaluation of pre- and postoperative voice using grade, roughness, breathiness, asthenia, strain (GRBAS) scale, speech intensity, breathing ability evaluation, and functional outcome swallowing scale...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749984/the-effects-of-size-and-type-of-vocal-fold-polyp-on-some-acoustic-voice-parameters
#14
Elaheh Akbari, Sadegh Seifpanahi, Ali Ghorbani, Farzad Izadi, Farhad Torabinezhad
Background: Vocal abuse and misuse would result in vocal fold polyp. Certain features define the extent of vocal folds polyp effects on voice acoustic parameters. The present study aimed to define the effects of polyp size on acoustic voice parameters, and compare these parameters in hemorrhagic and non-hemorrhagic polyps. Methods: In the present retrospective study, 28 individuals with hemorrhagic or non-hemorrhagic polyps of the true vocal folds were recruited to investigate acoustic voice parameters of vowel/ æ/ computed by the Praat software...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748451/assessment-of-short-term-functional-voice-therapy-in-patients-with-unilateral-paralysis-of-the-larynx
#15
Paulina Krasnodębska, Anna Domeracka-Kołodziej, Agata Szkiełkowska, Aleksandra Panasiewicz, Marzena Mularzuk, Dorota Sokołowska-Łazar, Karina Wilhelmsen
Introduction Laryngeal paralysis deteriorates all laryngeal functions. Therefore the therapeutic process must include restoration of respiratory, defensive and vocal function. Selection of a proper rehabilitation path plays a key role. Appropriate research protocol that includes objective methods of voice evaluation is an important element of monitoring the return of vocal efficiency. Voice efficiency is important for the patient particularly due to psychological and social reasons. Aim The aim of the study was the assessment of short-term functional voice therapy (FVT) in patients with unilateral paralysis of the larynx with the usage of objective parameters describing the glottis and voice quality...
April 30, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737737/-clinical-analysis-of-vocal-fold-firbrous-mass
#16
Hao Chen, Jing Wu Sun, Guang Lun Wan, Yan Ming Hu
OBJECTIVES: To explore the character of laryngoscopy finding, voice, and therapy of vocal fold fibrous mass. METHODS: Clinical data, morphology, voice character, surgery and pathology of 15 cases with vocal fold fibrous mass were analyzed. RESULTS: The morbidity of vocal fold fibrous mass might be related to overuse of voice and laryngopharyngeal reflex. Laryngoscopy revealed shuttle line appearance, smoothness and decreased mucosal wave of vocal fold...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737736/-the-diagnostic-value-of-laryngeal-electromyography-in-vocal-fold-paralysis-and-arytenoid-dislocation
#17
Peng Cheng Yu, Nan Gao, Xu Mao Li, Xia Zhao, Guang Bin Sun
OBJECTIVES: To identify diagnostic value of laryngeal electromyography (LEMG) in differentiating vocal fold paralysis (VFP) from arytenoid dislocation. METHODS: The history, laryngeal morphologic characteristics and LEMG of 36 patients with VFP and 10 patients with arytenoid dislocation were compared and analyzed. RESULTS: The most common cause of 36 VFP patients was surgical damage (24 cases), and the most common cause of 10 arytenoid dislocation patients was history of endotracheal intubation (9 cases)...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737734/-analysis-of-clinical-characteristics-of-paroxysmal-laryngospasm
#18
Xue Yan Li, Wen Xu, Li Yu Cheng
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the clinical characteristics of paroxysmal laryngospasm in adult. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on 149 patients with paroxysmal laryngospasm in adult. All patients underwent the strobolaryngoscopy, completed the reflux symptom index (RSI) or the reflux finding score (RFS). Partial patients underwent an ambulatory 24-hour pH measurement. RESULTS: Laryngospasm was diagnosed in 76 females and 73 males...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737733/-utility-of-preoperative-voice-therapy-on-the-voice-recovery-of-vocal-cord-polyps-patients-undergoing-the-microsurgery
#19
Ling Gao, Rui Qing Wang, Xu Ge Huang, Wei Feng Chen, Yan Chao Jiao, Yan Li Ma, Pei Yun Zhuang
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the therapeutic effect on the voice recovery of patients with vocal cord polyps undergoing the microsurgery of preoperative voice therapy. METHODS: Twenty-six patients diagnosed with unilateral vocal cord polyp under stroboscope, who needed to undergo vocal cord loss resection under supportive laryngoscope, were randomly divided into control group (non-voice training) and treatment group (voice training), with each group of 13 patients. Patients in control group were just treated with surgical operation...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736394/comment-on-using-innovative-acoustic-analysis-to-predict-the-postoperative-outcomes-of-unilateral-vocal-fold-paralysis
#20
COMMENT
Andrea Lovato, Cosimo de Filippis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: BioMed Research International
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