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Carcinoma cervix

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218797/lymphoepithelioma-like-carcinoma-of-the-uterine-cervix-cytomorphologic-features-and-diagnostic-pitfalls-by-liquid-based-cytology
#1
Isaac Lloyd, Barbara Chadwick
Lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma (LELC) is a rare variant of cervical squamous cell carcinoma with unclear HPV and EBV association. Due to the accompanying and often obscuring lymphocytic inflammation, malignant cells may be difficult to recognize on cytologic samples and can mimic several more common benign and atypical cervical lesions. In this case report, we describe the cytomorphologic findings of LELC by liquid-based cytology in a 59-year-old Caucasian woman who was positive for high risk HPV but had no visible cervical lesions...
December 8, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210665/synthesis-and-evaluation-of-a-new-series-of-arylidene-indanones-as-potential-anticancer-agents
#2
Ahmet Ozdemir, Sevtem Gokbulut, Belgin Sever, Gulsen Akalın Ciftci, Mehlika Dilek Altıntop
BACKGROUND: Arylidene indanones have attracted a great deal of interest due to their outstanding therapeutic applications. In particular, considerable research has pointed out the importance of arylidene indanones in the field of cancer research. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current work was to design and synthesize arylidene indanone-based anticancer agents. METHOD: New arylidene indanones were obtained via the Claisen-Schmidt condensation of 5-chloro-6-methoxy-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-1-one with p-substituted benzaldehyde derivatives...
December 5, 2017: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209895/antiviral-activity-and-metal-ion-binding-properties-of-some-2-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl-acylhydrazones
#3
M Carcelli, E Fisicaro, C Compari, L Contardi, D Rogolino, C Solinas, A Stevaert, L Naesens
Here we report on the results obtained from an antiviral screening, including herpes simplex virus, vaccinia virus, vesicular stomatitis virus, Coxsackie B4 virus or respiratory syncytial virus, parainfluenza-3 virus, reovirus-1 and Punta Toro virus, of three 2-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl acylhydrazone compounds in three cell lines (i.e. human embryonic lung fibroblast cells, human cervix carcinoma cells, and African Green monkey kidney cells). Interesting antiviral EC50 values are obtained against herpes simplex virus-1 and vaccinia virus...
December 5, 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207787/primary-adenocarcinoma-of-the-fallopian-tube-a-rare-entity
#4
Ankita Singh, Sudha Prasad, Ashok Kumar, Renu Tanwar
Primary fallopian tube carcinoma is an uncommon gynaecologic malignancy usually seen in postmenopausal females. We present a case of a 66-year-old postmenopausal female who presented with complaint of blood mixed vaginal discharge on and off for past one month. Workup of the patient revealed no abnormality other than presence of atypical squamous cells on Papanicolaou (PAP) smear. MRI showed mildly bulky cervix with around 4cc fluid in endometrial cavity. As the patient remained symptomatic and fluid in endometrial cavity persisted, total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy was done...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207786/recurrent-vaginal-cuff-dehiscence-in-a-treated-case-of-carcinoma-cervix
#5
Sunesh Kumar, Seema Singhal, Yamini Kansal, Dayanand Sharma
Vaginal Cuff Dehiscence (VCD) is partial or total separation of anterior and posterior vaginal cuff layers. We report a case of recurrent vault cuff dehiscence in a patient of cervical carcinoma. A 60-year-old treated case of carcinoma cervix post surgery and radiotherapy was found to have vault dehiscence and intestinal prolapse second time during a routine speculum examination. She underwent an emergency laparotomy and closure of vault. Vaginal Cuff Dehiscence with Evisceration (VCDE) is a rare but potentially fatal complication following hysterectomy...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207716/expression-of-p16ink4a-protein-in-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia-and-invasive-carcinoma-of-uterine-cervix
#6
Vatsala Kishore, Anuradha G Patil
Introduction: Cervical cancer still ranks as the most frequent cancer among women in India. Infection with Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) results in precancerous lesions and invasive cervical cancer. Interaction of HPV oncogenic proteins with cellular regulatory proteins leads to upregulation of p16INK4A, a cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor. Therefore, p16INK4A overexpression is a surrogate biomarker of HPV infection making it useful in evaluating HPV associated premalignant and malignant lesions of gynaecological tract...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207712/role-of-her-2-neu-in-premalignant-and-malignant-lesions-of-uterine-cervix
#7
Swasti Bajpai, Seema Awasthi, Shyamoli Dutta, Ankita Mittal, Ashutosh Kumar, Faiyaz Ahmad
Introduction: In light of literature and controversy that exists in various cervical lesions, this prospective study was designed to explore the expression of Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor-2 (HER-2/neu) in the cervical lesions and its correlation with the histopathological grade and type of tumour. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was performed to evaluate HER-2/neu expression as it is the most reliable method of detecting overexpression of HER-2/neu. Aim: To assess the role of HER-2/neu expression in premalignant and malignant lesions of uterine cervix...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206664/chemoresistance-of-gastric-type-mucinous-carcinoma-of-the-uterine-cervix-a-study-of-the-sankai-gynecology-study-group
#8
Atsumi Kojima, Muneaki Shimada, Yoshiki Mikami, Shoji Nagao, Nobuhiro Takeshima, Toru Sugiyama, Norihiro Teramoto, Takako Kiyokawa, Junzo Kigawa, Ryuichiro Nishimura
OBJECTIVE: Gastric-type mucinous carcinoma (GAS) is a novel variant of mucinous carcinoma of the uterine cervix, characterized by aggressive clinical behavior and absence of high-risk human papillomavirus. We conducted this study to evaluate the chemosensitivity of GAS compared with that of usual-type endocervical adenocarcinoma (UEA) in patients who had been enrolled in our previous study. METHODS: Of 52 patients from our previous phase 2 study (SGSG005) of neoadjuvant chemotherapy with docetaxel and carboplatin for stage IB2 to IIB nonsquamous cervical cancer, 47 (stage IB2, 12; stage IIA2, 7; stage IIB, 28) were enrolled in this study with written informed consent...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206662/surgery-versus-radiation-treatment-for-high-grade-neuroendocrine-cancer-of-uterine-cervix-a-surveillance-epidemiology-and-end-results-database-analysis
#9
Wei-Hsien Hou, Tim E Schultheiss, Jeffrey Y Wong, Mark T Wakabayashi, Yi-Jen Chen
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess treatment and other factors impacting survival in cervical high-grade neuroendocrine carcinoma (HGNEC). METHODS/MATERIALS: We identified patients with cervical HGNECs diagnosed during 1988 to 2012 in the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results database. We determined overall survival by International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stages and by local treatment modalities, that is, radical surgery versus external beam radiation treatment (EBRT) plus brachytherapy using Kaplan-Meier analysis with log-rank test...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206085/reduction-in-the-burden-of-hospital-admissions-due-to-cervical-disease-from-2003-2014-in-spain
#10
Noelia López, Ángel Gil-de-Miguel, Raquel Pascual-García, Ruth Gil-Prieto
BACKGROUND: Cervix uteri cancer is the 4th most common cancer among women worldwide and the second most frequent cancer in women under 45 years old in Spain. We aimed to describe the burden of hospital admissions by malignant neoplasia (MN) and in situ carcinoma (ISC) of the cervix in Spain from 2003 to 2014, a 12-year period that included the first years after introduction of an HPV vaccination program. METHODS: This epidemiological study reviewed data from the Ministry of Health National Surveillance System, which includes more than 98% of Spanish hospitals...
December 5, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205362/anti-oncostatin-m-antibody-inhibits-the-pro-malignant-effects-of-oncostatin-m-receptor-over-expression-in-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#11
Justyna A Kucia-Tran, Valtteri Tulkki, Cinzia G Scarpini, Stephen Smith, Maja Wallberg, Marta Paez-Ribes, Angela M Araujo, Jan Botthoff, Maria Feeney, Katherine Hughes, Maria M Caffarel, Nicholas Coleman
The oncostatin M receptor (OSMR) shows frequent gene copy-number gain and over-expression in cervical squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs), associated with adverse clinical outcomes. In SCC cells that overexpress OSMR, the major ligand OSM induces multiple pro-malignant effects, including invasion, secretion of angiogenic factors and metastasis. Here we demonstrate, for the first time, that OSMR over-expression in SCC cells activates cell-autonomous feed-forward signalling, via further expression of OSMR and OSM and sustained STAT3 activation despite expression of the negative regulator SOCS3...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202724/epcam-expression-in-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-uterine-cervix-detected-by-monoclonal-antibody-to-the-membrane-proximal-part-of-epcam
#12
Warangkana Chantima, Charin Thepthai, Pornsuk Cheunsuchon, Tararaj Dharakul
BACKGROUND: Epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) is a promising biomarker for squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the uterine cervix, because it is over-expressed in various cancers of epithelial origin. However, EpCAM expression reported in previous immunohistochemistry (IHC) studies was inconsistent. We hypothesize that the membrane-distal part of EpCAM may be lost during tissue preparation, leaving only the membrane-proximal part of EpCAM available for antibody binding and IHC staining...
December 4, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200676/sociodemographic-and-clinical-profile-of-cervical-cancer-patients-visiting-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-india
#13
Aanchal Jain, Balasubramaniam Ganesh, Saurabh C Bobdey, Jignasa A Sathwara, Sushma Saoba
Context: Cancer of the cervix is the most common genital tract malignancy in the female and is a major public health problem in the developing countries. Study of the sociodemographic and clinical profile of patients is the first step in planning control measures and treatment facilities. Aims: The aims of the study were to determine the sociodemographic and clinical profile of cervical cancer patients and study their association with other tumor-related factors...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199717/tumor-characteristics-and-metabolic-quantification-in-carcinoma-breast-an-institutional-experience
#14
I P Dubey, A Jain, M S Chauhan, R Kumar, S Agarwal, B Kishore, M G Vishnoi, D Paliwal, A R John, N Kumar, A Sharma, A G Pandit
BACKGROUND: In India, carcinoma breast is the most common cancer among urban women population and second most common cancer after carcinoma cervix in rural areas. One in 22 women in India develops carcinoma of the breast in their lifetime. Fluorine-18-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (18F-FDG) uptake in breast cancer usually indicates the degree of tumor metabolism and hence can predict its behavior and prognosis. On the other hand, the estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER-2) or neu state of breast cancer is a biomarker that provides important prognostic information in addition to predicting response to therapy...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198390/comparison-between-dvh-based-doses-and-icru-point-based-doses-to-the-rectum-and-the-bladder-using-ct-based-high-dose-rate-brachytherapy-to-the-cervix
#15
Ramya Rangarajan, Saravanan Subramanian, Kalyani Gopalakrishnan
Traditionally, doses to the bladder and the rectum were quantified using the bladder and rectal reference points defined by the International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements (ICRU) in Report No. 38. In this study, we compared the 0.1-, 1.0-, 2.0-cc doses to the bladder and the rectum with the corresponding ICRU point doses using computed tomography (CT)-based planning in the intracavitary brachytherapy of carcinoma of the cervix. CT datasets of 136 consecutive intracavitary brachytherapy insertions between January and May 2015 were analyzed...
November 29, 2017: Medical Dosimetry: Official Journal of the American Association of Medical Dosimetrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195215/amberlite-ir-120-h-mediated-on-water-synthesis-of-fluorescent-ruthenium-ii-arene-8-hydroxyquinoline-complexes-for-cancer-therapy-and-live-cell-imaging
#16
Ashaparna Mondal, Sourav De, Santanu Maiti, Bidisha Sarkar, Ashok Kumar Sk, Rini Jacob, Anbalagan Moorthy, Priyankar Paira
A series of Ruthenium-Quinolinol complexes (3a-d &4a-d) has been synthesized by employing a simple, efficient and environmental friendly condition. Catalytic role of Amberlite IRA-120(H) has been demonstrated. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated by the analysis of spectroscopic data. The stability of these complexes was measured by UV spectroscopy & time dependent NMR spectroscopy. These newly developed complexes were represented as potential anticancer agent against human breast carcinoma cell line (MCF-7), human Epitheloid Cervix Carcinoma (HeLa), human lung adenocarcinoma epithelial cell line (A549) and human colon cancer cell line (Caco-2)...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190639/induction-of-colon-and-cervical-cancer-cell-death-by-cinnamic-acid-derivatives-is-mediated-through-the-inhibition-of-histone-deacetylases-hdac
#17
Preethi G Anantharaju, Deepa B Reddy, Mahesh A Padukudru, Ch M Kumari Chitturi, Manjunath G Vimalambike, SubbaRao V Madhunapantula
Recent studies from our group and many others have shown the ability of histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors for retarding the growth of carcinomas of cervix, colon and rectum in vitro. A search for naturally occurring HDAC inhibitors continues due to the adverse effects associated with known HDAC inhibitors like SAHA and TSA. Therefore in the current study, naturally occurring cinnamic acids derivatives were screened for HDAC inhibitory effect using in silico docking method which identified cinnamic acids as potential candidates...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186874/do-cervical-cancer-patients-diagnosed-with-opportunistic-screening-live-longer-an-arkhangelsk-cancer-registry-study
#18
Elena E Roik, Evert Nieboer, Olga A Kharkova, Andrej M Grjibovski, Vitaly A Postoev, Jon Ø Odland
The aim of the current study was to compare cervical cancer (СС) patients diagnosed with and without screening in terms of: (i) sociodemographic and clinical characteristics; (ii) factors associated with survival; and (iii), and levels of risk. A registry-based study was conducted using data from the Arkhangelsk Cancer Registry. It included women with newly diagnosed malignant neoplasm of the uterine cervix during the period of 1 January 2005 to 11 November 2016 (N = 1548). The Kaplan-Meier method, the log-rank test, and Cox regression were applied...
November 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185262/mutational-analysis-of-kras-and-its-clinical-implications-in-cervical-cancer-patients
#19
Wei Jiang, Libing Xiang, Xuan Pei, Tiancong He, Xuxia Shen, Xiaohua Wu, Huijuan Yang
OBJECTIVE: The predictive and prognostic role of KRAS mutations in cervical cancer remains inconclusive. The aim of this study was to explore the clinicopathological and prognostic relevance of KRAS mutations in invasive cervical cancers (ICC). METHODS: Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and Sanger sequencing were employed to detect KRAS mutations in 876 ICC patients. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to detect human papillomavirus (HPV) 16 and HPV 18...
January 2018: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184876/feasibility-of-sentinel-lymph-node-dissection-using-tc-99m-phytate-in-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#20
Se Hyun Paek, Ka Hee Yi, Su-Jin Kim, June Young Choi, Kyu Eun Lee, Young Joo Park, Do-Joon Park, Keon Wook Kang, June-Key Chung
Purpose: Various methods of sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy in thyroid cancer have been introduced. Tc-99m phytate as a radiotracer has been successfully utilized for SLN biopsy in breast, cervix, and endometrial cancer. We assessed the feasibility of SLN dissection using Tc-99m phytate in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Methods: Seventeen patients with PTC were prospectively enrolled. Ultrasound-guided peritumoral injection of 55.5 MBq Tc-99m phytate in 0.25-mL normal saline was performed...
November 2017: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
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