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Gulf of mexico

Solmaz Marzooghi, Bryson E Finch, William A Stubblefield, Dominic M Di Toro
The toxicity of petroleum can increase considerably when exposed to solar radiation. It occurs when certain components in the mixture, including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), absorb light in ultraviolet and visible portions of the solar radiation spectrum. A phototoxic target lipid model (PTLM), previously developed to predict phototoxicity of single PAHs, is validated for four species: Americamysis bahia, Rhepoxynius abronius, Daphnia magna, and Pimephales promelas exposed to 12 compounds that are components of petroleum, including alkylated PAHs and dibenzothiophene...
May 19, 2018: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Beverly E Flood, Dalton Leprich, Jake V Bailey
We report here the closed genome sequences of Celeribacter baekdonensis strain LH4 and five unnamed plasmids obtained through PacBio sequencing with 99.99% consensus concordance. The genomes contained several distinctive features not found in other published Celeribacter genomes, including the potential to aerobically degrade styrene and other phenolic compounds.
May 17, 2018: Genome Announcements
Jovana M Jasso-Martínez, Salima Machkour-M'Rabet, Roger Vila, Rosario Rodríguez-Arnaiz, América Nitxin Castañeda-Sortibrán
Hybridization events are frequently demonstrated in natural butterfly populations. One interesting butterfly complex species is the Enantia jethys complex that has been studied for over a century; many debates exist regarding the species composition of this complex. Currently, three species that live sympatrically in the Gulf slope of Mexico (Enantia jethys, E. mazai, and E. albania) are recognized in this complex (based on morphological and molecular studies). Where these species live in sympatry, some cases of interspecific mating have been observed, suggesting hybridization events...
2018: PloS One
Angeliki Marietou, Roger Chastain, Felix Beulig, Alberto Scoma, Terry C Hazen, Douglas H Bartlett
The Deepwater Horizon oil spill was one of the largest and deepest oil spills recorded. The wellhead was located at approximately 1500 m below the sea where low temperature and high pressure are key environmental characteristics. Using cells collected 4 months following the Deepwater Horizon oil spill at the Gulf of Mexico, we set up Macondo crude oil enrichments at wellhead temperature and different pressures to determine the effect of increasing depth/pressure to the in situ microbial community and their ability to degrade oil...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Iris Segura-García, Liliana Rojo-Arreola, Axayácatl Rocha-Olivares, Gisela Heckel, Juan Pablo Gallo-Reynoso, Rus Hoelzel
For highly mobile species that nevertheless show fine-scale patterns of population genetic structure, the relevant evolutionary mechanisms determining structure remain poorly understood. The bottlenose dolphin ( Tursiops truncatus ) is one such species, exhibiting complex patterns of genetic structure associated with local habitat dependence in various geographic regions. Here we studied bottlenose dolphin populations in the Gulf of California and Pacific Ocean off Baja California where habitat is highly structured to test associations between ecology, habitat dependence and genetic differentiation...
2018: Evolutionary Biology
Nairana Santos Fraga, Agnaldo Silva Martins, Derek R Faust, Haruya Sakai, Adalto Bianchini, Cinthia Carneiro da Silva, A Alonso Aguirre
Cadmium (Cd) is a metal of toxicological interest because of its potential high toxicity to organisms and ability to biomagnify. Evaluating concentrations of Cd in organisms on a large spatial scale can provide insights to its global distribution. This study examined Cd concentrations in kidney and liver tissues of 137 specimens of green turtles (Chelonia mydas) collected in Australia, Brazil, Hawaii, Japan, and the continental United States (Gulf of Mexico). We used comparative analyses of kidney and liver of 35 individuals, of which seven turtles from each locality belong to the same size class for comparison purposes between their ocean of origin...
May 9, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Michela Del Pasqua, Anja Schulze, María Ana Tovar-Hernández, Erica Keppel, Marco Lezzi, Maria Cristina Gambi, Adriana Giangrande
This study was performed to analyse the genetic and morphological diversity of the sabellid annelid genus Branchiomma, with special emphasis on a taxon so far identified as Branchiomma bairdi. This species, originally described from Bermuda, has frequently been reported as an invader in the Mediterranean, the Atlantic and the Eastern Pacific, but recent observations have raised some taxonomic questions. Samples of this taxon were collected from five sites in the Mediterranean Sea, two sites in the original distribution area of B...
2018: PloS One
Manoj Kamalanathan, Chen Xu, Kathy Schwehr, Laura Bretherton, Morgan Beaver, Shawn M Doyle, Jennifer Genzer, Jessica Hillhouse, Jason B Sylvan, Peter Santschi, Antonietta Quigg
Extracellular enzymes and extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) play a key role in overall microbial activity, growth and survival in the ocean. EPS, being amphiphilic in nature, can act as biological surfactant in an oil spill situation. Extracellular enzymes help microbes to digest and utilize fractions of organic matter, including EPS, which can stimulate growth and enhance microbial activity. These natural processes might have been altered during the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill due to the presence of hydrocarbon and dispersant...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Alice A Kleinhuizen, Behzad Mortazavi
Anthropogenic pressures, such as diking, construction of dams, and oil spills negatively impact coastal marshes creating growing pressure to preserve and to restore salt marshes due to their critical role in permanently removing nitrate runoff through denitrification as well as other ecosystem services they provide. This study determined denitrification rates across a typical northern Gulf of Mexico salt marsh landscape that included a natural marsh, a tidal creek, and a 21-year-old restored salt marsh. Denitrification capacity, measured with the isotope pairing technique on a membrane inlet mass spectrometer, was comparable across the sites despite significant differences in above and below ground characteristics...
May 7, 2018: Environmental Management
José Raúl Morales-Ávila, Ricardo Javier Saldierna-Martínez, María Moreno-Alcántara, Juan Violante-González
Interactions of holoplanktonic mollusks with symbionts and parasites are poorly known. We investigated the ecology of infection (prevalence, intensity, and abundance) in Firoloida desmarestia, caught during two sampling campaign sessions in 2012, off the Baja California Peninsula, Mexico (IMECOCAL, 83 stations) and a coastal research center near La Sorpresa Beach, Baja California Sur, in the Gulf of California (14 stations). Only females of F. desmarestia were parasitized. Hemiuroidea parthenita rediae infected 1% of F...
May 7, 2018: Parasitology Research
Gustavo Arnaud-Franco, Amaury Cordero-Tapia, Víctor Ortíz-Ávila, Claudia Lizbeth Moctezuma-González, Moisés Tejocote-Pérez, Alejandro Carbajal-Saucedo
In Mexico more than 40% of reported snakebites are due to rattlesnake species. In general, the venoms of these snakes are characterized by the presence of highly enzymatic components that could provoke coagulopathies, local and systemic tissue damage and some cases neurotoxicity. In northwestern Mexico (Baja California Peninsula, Gulf of California and Pacific islands), 15 species of Crotalus are distributed. Such a biodiversity implies a high variability in venom compositions that in turns would results in high variability in clinical manifestations...
May 3, 2018: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
Toon Haer, W J Wouter Botzen, Vincent van Roomen, Harry Connor, Jorge Zavala-Hidalgo, Dirk M Eilander, Philip J Ward
Many countries around the world face increasing impacts from flooding due to socio-economic development in flood-prone areas, which may be enhanced in intensity and frequency as a result of climate change. With increasing flood risk, it is becoming more important to be able to assess the costs and benefits of adaptation strategies. To guide the design of such strategies, policy makers need tools to prioritize where adaptation is needed and how much adaptation funds are required. In this country-scale study, we show how flood risk analyses can be used in cost-benefit analyses to prioritize investments in flood adaptation strategies in Mexico under future climate scenarios...
June 13, 2018: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
Josué Alonso Yee-Duarte, Bertha Patricia Ceballos-Vázquez, Marcial Arellano-Martínez, Marian Alejandra Camacho-Mondragón, Esther Uría-Galicia
The gonadal health status of the chocolate clam Megapitaria squalida collected from the Santa Rosalía mining port and San Lucas beach (reference site), Gulf of California, Mexico, was assessed through histological analysis of the reproductive tissue, from which the histopathological alteration index (HAI) was determined. In addition, copper and iron accumulation in tissue was revealed using histochemical techniques. Our results showed a large presence of copper (30%) and iron (45%) only in the gonad tissue of clams from Santa Rosalía, in which histopathological alterations observed were inflammatory responses, degenerative-progressive processes, cell death, and response to infectious agents...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Aquatic Animal Health
Jeremy H Reiman, Y Jun Xu, Songjie He, Emily M DelDuco
Discharging 680 km3 of freshwater annually to the Northern Gulf of Mexico (NGOM), the Mississippi-Atchafalaya River System (MARS) plays a significant role in transporting major and trace elements to the ocean. In this study, we analyzed total recoverable concentrations of thirty-one metals from water samples collected at five locations along the MARS during 2013-2016 to quantify their seasonal mass exports. The Atchafalaya River flows through a large swamp floodplain, allowing us to also test the hypothesis that floodplains function as a sink for metals...
April 17, 2018: Chemosphere
Miae Ha, Zhonglong Zhang, May Wu
A watershed model was developed using the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) that simulates nitrogen, phosphorus, and sediment loadings in the Lower Mississippi River Basin (LMRB). The LMRB SWAT model was calibrated and validated using 21 years of observed flow, sediment, and water-quality data. The baseline model results indicate that agricultural lands within the Lower Mississippi River Basin (LMRB) are the dominant sources of nitrogen and phosphorus discharging into the Gulf of Mexico. The model was further used to evaluate the impact of biomass production, in the presence of riparian buffers in the LMRB, on suspended-sediment and nutrient loading discharge from the Mississippi River into the Gulf of Mexico...
April 24, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
John M Lawrence, Janessa C Cobb, Joan C Herrera, Alicia DurÁn-gonzÁlez, Francisco Alonso SolÍs-marÍn
Astropecten cingulatus is a conspicuous species, which displays a large superomarginal plate series on the abactinal surface. Herein we describe a new species from off the Texas coast that shows the superficial appearance of A. cingulatus, including these large superomarginal plates, but with armature differing from that of typological A. cingulatus. This species shows the actinal surface of the inferomarginal plates without the squamules present on A. cingulatus. In addition, the adambulacral plates possessed but a single central large spine surrounded by a circle of spines rather than spine rows...
April 9, 2018: Zootaxa
Patricia Esquete, Marina R Cunha
The Tanaidacea collection from various research cruises carried out in the Gulf of Cadiz and Horseshoe Continental Rise between 2004 and 2012 yielded four species new to science that are described herein. Two belong to genera recorded for the first time since the original descriptions of their type species: Cetiopyge, described from the Gulf of Mexico and Gamboa from shallow waters of Macaronesia. The other two belong to the genera Collettea and Paragathotanais, both with a worldwide distribution. Additionally, specimens of Tumidochelia uncinata are described and illustrated to complete previous descriptions...
February 5, 2018: Zootaxa
David L Pawson
Astrophiura caroleae, new species, is described from off Curacao in the southern Caribbean, and from the western Gulf of Mexico, in depths of 244 to 434 meters. This new species, the first in the genus Astrophiura to be described from the Atlantic Ocean, has a distinctive combination of characters, including regularly arranged primary plates, large radial shields whose radial edges are in contact for their entire visible length, and prominent tubercles on central and radial plates. The mottled reddish coloration of the dorsal surface of this species usually contrasts with the color of the substratum, rendering it readily visible in situ, despite its disc diameter of less than 10 mm...
February 7, 2018: Zootaxa
Sophia M SÁnchez, Liat Y Goldstein, Norman O Dronen
Cobbold (1858) established Diphyllobothrium Cobbold, 1858 with the description of Diphyllobothrium stemmacephalum Cobbold, 1858 from the common harbor porpoise, Phocoena phocoena (Linnaeus) (Phocoenidae), from the North Sea off Scotland. Diphyllobothrium stemmacephalum typically has been reported from a number of Phocoenidae and Delphinidae hosts from a variety of localities: common harbor porpoise from the northern Atlantic Ocean, Baltic Sea and Black sea (e.g. Cobbold, 1858; Delyamure 1955; Delyamure 1968; Delyamure 1971; Delyamure et al...
February 15, 2018: Zootaxa
Stephanie Sarmiento-Camacho, Martha Valdez-Moreno
The substitution of high-value fish species for those of lower value is common practice. Although numerous studies have addressed this issue, few have been conducted in Mexico. In this study, we sought to identify fresh fillets of fish, sharks, and rays using DNA barcodes. We analyzed material from "La Viga" in Mexico City, and other markets located on the Gulf and Caribbean coasts of Mexico. From 134 samples, we obtained sequences from 129, identified to nine orders, 28 families, 38 genera, and 44 species...
April 24, 2018: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
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