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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818818/validation-of-a-smartphone-based-approach-to-in-situ-cognitive-fatigue-assessment
#1
Edward Price, George Moore, Leo Galway, Mark Linden
BACKGROUND: Acquired Brain Injuries (ABIs) can result in multiple detrimental cognitive effects, such as reduced memory capability, concentration, and planning. These effects can lead to cognitive fatigue, which can exacerbate the symptoms of ABIs and hinder management and recovery. Assessing cognitive fatigue is difficult due to the largely subjective nature of the condition and existing assessment approaches. Traditional methods of assessment use self-assessment questionnaires delivered in a medical setting, but recent work has attempted to employ more objective cognitive tests as a way of evaluating cognitive fatigue...
August 17, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815145/evolving-research-data-sharing-networks-to-clinical-app-sharing-networks
#2
Kavishwar B Wagholikar, Rahul Jain, Eliel Oliveira, Joshua Mandel, Jeffery Klann, Ricardo Colas, Prasad Patil, Kuladip Yadav, Kenneth D Mandl, Thomas Carton, Shawn N Murphy
Research networks for data sharing are growing into a large platform for pragmatic clinical trials to generate quality evidence for shared medical decision-making. Institutions partnering in the networks have made large investments in developing the infrastructure for sharing data. We investigate whether institutions partnering on Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute's (PCORI) network can share clinical apps. At two different sites, we imported patient data in PCORI's clinical data model (CDM) format into i2b2 repositories, and adapted the SMART-on-FHIR cell to perform CDM-to-FHIR translation, serving demographics, laboratory results and diagnoses...
2017: AMIA Summits on Translational Science Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813630/gender-similarities-and-differences-for-e-health-behaviors-among-u-s-adults
#3
Cam Escoffery
BACKGROUND: Technology access and use are increasing worldwide. Adults can potentially use technology to assist with health promotion and medical care. INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to compare the prevalence of participation in online health-related activities between different genders of U.S. adults aged 18-90 years. METHODS: Primary data collected through a survey panel were used to examine associations between gender and technology ownership, Internet health-seeking behaviors and online behaviors related to health, having an app, and preferences for health information...
August 16, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809587/severe-asthma-emergency-care-patient-driven-solutions
#4
Karen Newell, Chris Corrigan, Geoffrey Punshon, Alison Leary
Purpose Patients with severe asthma were choosing not to use the emergency department (ED) in extremis and were self-medicating when experiencing severe asthma, putting their lives at risk. This local issue reflected a nationwide situation. The purpose of this paper is to better understand the reasons behind patients' reluctance to attend ED and to consider practical solutions in a structured way. Design/methodology/approach Systems thinking (soft systems methodology) was used to examine the issues resulting in this reluctance to attend the ED...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809398/precision-medicine-for-suicidality-from-universality-to-subtypes-and-personalization
#5
A B Niculescu, H Le-Niculescu, D F Levey, P L Phalen, H L Dainton, K Roseberry, E M Niculescu, J O Niezer, A Williams, D L Graham, T J Jones, V Venugopal, A Ballew, M Yard, T Gelbart, S M Kurian, A Shekhar, N J Schork, G E Sandusky, D R Salomon
Suicide remains a clear, present and increasing public health problem, despite being a potentially preventable tragedy. Its incidence is particularly high in people with overt or un(der)diagnosed psychiatric disorders. Objective and precise identification of individuals at risk, ways of monitoring response to treatments and novel preventive therapeutics need to be discovered, employed and widely deployed. We sought to investigate whether blood gene expression biomarkers for suicide (that is, a 'liquid biopsy' approach) can be identified that are more universal in nature, working across psychiatric diagnoses and genders, using larger cohorts than in previous studies...
August 15, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804791/intelligent-mortality-reporting-with-fhir
#6
Ryan A Hoffman, Hang Wu, Janani Venugopalan, Paula Braun, May D Wang
One pressing need in the area of public health is timely, accurate, and complete reporting of deaths and the conditions leading up to them. Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources (FHIR) is a new HL7 interoperability standard for electronic health record (EHR), while Sustainable Medical Applications and Reusable Technologies (SMART)-on-FHIR enables third-party app development that can work "out of the box". This research demonstrates the feasibility of developing SMART-on-FHIR applications to enable medical professionals to perform timely and accurate death reporting within multiple different jurisdictions of US...
February 2017: IEEE-EMBS International Conference on Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801207/crediblemeds-org-what-does-it-offer
#7
REVIEW
Raymond L Woosley, Kristin Black, C William Heise, Klaus Romero
Since the 1990s, when numerous non-cardiac drugs were first recognized to have the potential to prolong the QT interval and cause torsades de pointes (TdP), clinicians, drug regulators, drug developers, and clinical investigators have become aware of the complexities of assessing evidence and determining TdP causality for the many drugs being marketed or under development. To facilitate better understanding, the Arizona Center for Education and Research on Therapeutics, known as AZCERT, has developed the CredibleMeds...
August 1, 2017: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795335/encouraging-mindfulness-in-medical-house-staff-via-smartphone-app-a-pilot-study
#8
Louise Wen, Timothy E Sweeney, Lindsay Welton, Mickey Trockel, Laurence Katznelson
BACKGROUND: Stress and burnout are increasingly recognized as urgent issues among resident physicians, especially given the concerning implications of burnout on physician well-being and patient care outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The authors assessed how a mindfulness and meditation practice among residents, supported via a self-guided, smartphone-based mindfulness app, affects wellness as measured by prevalidated surveys. METHODS: Residents in the departments of general surgery, anesthesia, and obstetrics and gynecology were recruited for participation in this survey-based, four-week, single-arm study...
August 9, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794895/-smartscopy-as-an-alternative-device-for-cervical-cancer-screening-a-pilot-study
#9
Yusuke Tanaka, Yutaka Ueda, Akiko Okazawa, Mamoru Kakuda, Shinya Matsuzaki, Eiji Kobayashi, Kiyoshi Yoshino, Tadashi Kimura
The use of smartphones, mobile networks and associated health applications (known as apps) is now almost universal. Countries with low medical resources need assistance in their delivery of healthcare. This is particularly true where there are limited numbers of specialised physicians or nurses with respect to cancer screening. As smartphones become more universal, real-time and near-real-time expert medical consultations and telediagnosis are becoming more common. This leads us to believe that there will soon be a demand for mobile cancer screening services, which will be particularly useful for women living in rural areas or doctor-less inner city communities...
April 2017: BMJ Innovations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790131/a-team-based-online-game-improves-blood-glucose-control-in-veterans-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
B Price Kerfoot, David R Gagnon, Graham T McMahon, Jay D Orlander, Katherine E Kurgansky, Paul R Conlin
OBJECTIVE: Rigorous evidence is lacking whether online games can improve patients' longer-term health outcomes. We investigated whether an online team-based game delivering diabetes self-management education (DSME) to patients via e-mail or mobile app can generate longer-term improvements in hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Patients (n = 456) on oral diabetes medications with HbA1c ≥58 mmol/mol were randomly assigned between a DSME game (with a civics booklet) and a civics game (with a DSME booklet)...
August 8, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777029/characterizing-smartphone-engagement-for-schizophrenia-results-of-a-naturalist-mobile-health-study
#11
John Torous, Patrick Staples, Linda Slaters, Jared Adams, Luis Sandoval, J P Onnela, Matcheri Keshavan
INTRODUCTION: Despite growing interest in smartphone apps for schizophrenia, little is known about how these apps are utilized in the real world. Understanding how app users are engaging with these tools outside of the confines of traditional clinical studies offers an important information on who is most likely to use apps and what type of data they are willing to share. METHODS: The Schizophrenia and Related Disorders Alliance of America, in partnership with Self Care Catalyst, has created a smartphone app for schizophrenia that is free and publically available on both Apple iTunes and Google Android Play stores...
August 4, 2017: Clinical Schizophrenia & related Psychoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774526/gopro-hero-4-black-recording-of-scleral-buckle-placement-during-retinal-detachment-repair
#12
Vincent Y Ho, Vaishali G Shah, David M Yates, Gaurav K Shah
OBJECTIVE: GoPro and Google Glass technology have previously been used to record procedures in ophthalmology and other medical fields. In this manuscript, GoPro's latest HERO 4 Black edition camera (GoPro Inc, San Mateo, Calif.) will be used to record the placement of a scleral buckle during retinal detachment surgery. METHODS: GoPro HERO 4 Black edition camera, which records 4K-quality video with a resolution of 3840 (pixels) x 2160 (lines), was mounted on a head strap to record placement of a scleral buckle for a retinal detachment...
August 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774215/smartphone-based-health-technologies-for-dementia-care-opportunities-challenges-and-current-practices
#13
Ellen Leslie Brown, Nicole Ruggiano, Juanjuan Li, Peter J Clarke, Emma S Kay, Vagelis Hristidis
Most of the 5.4 million people affected by Alzheimer's disease and other forms of dementia (AD) are noninstitutionalized, receiving care by unpaid family caregivers and medically managed by a primary care provider (PCP). Health Information Technology has been recognized for its potential in improving efficiency and quality of AD care and support for AD caregivers. Simultaneously, smartphone technologies have become an increasingly common way to deliver physical and behavioral health care. However, little is known about how smartphone technologies have been used to support AD caregiving and care...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772229/mkit-a-cell-migration-assay-based-on-microfluidic-device-and-smartphone
#14
Ke Yang, Jiandong Wu, Hagit Peretz-Soroka, Ling Zhu, Zhigang Li, Yaoshuo Sang, Jolly Hipolito, Michael Zhang, Susy Santos, Craig Hillier, Ricardo Lobato de Faria, Yong Liu, Francis Lin
Mobile sensing based on the integration of microfluidic device and smartphone, so-called MS(2) technology, has enabled many applications over recent years, and continues to stimulate growing interest in both research communities and industries. In particular, it has been envisioned that MS(2) technology can be developed for various cell functional assays to enable basic research and clinical applications. Toward this direction, in this paper, we describe the development of a MS(2)-based cell functional assay for testing cell migration (the Mkit)...
July 27, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768606/the-potential-of-mobile-apps-for-improving-asthma-self-management-a-review-of-publicly-available-and-well-adopted-asthma-apps
#15
Peter Tinschert, Robert Jakob, Filipe Barata, Jan-Niklas Kramer, Tobias Kowatsch
BACKGROUND: Effective disease self-management lowers asthma's burden of disease for both individual patients and health care systems. In principle, mobile health (mHealth) apps could enable effective asthma self-management interventions that improve a patient's quality of life while simultaneously reducing the overall treatment costs for health care systems. However, prior reviews in this field have found that mHealth apps for asthma lack clinical evaluation and are often not based on medical guidelines...
August 2, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768297/whats-app-ening-the-help-of-new-technologies-in-nutrition-in-digestive-diseases
#16
Dorit V Ankersen, Petra Weimers, Johan Burisch
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this study is to review the basic concepts of electronic health (eHealth), with a focus on its nutritional applications and its usefulness for digestive diseases. RECENT FINDINGS: eHealth applications for the treatment and monitoring of digestive disease are growing in number. ehealth helps patients in coping with their disease by promoting self-management, which increases adherence to medical treatment and diets, and leads to an improved quality of life...
September 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763184/-smartphone-use-in-nursing-population-a-narrative-review
#17
Gianluca Pucciarelli, Silvio Simeone, Giuseppe Madonna, Michele Virgolesi
INTRODUCTION: In healthcare, smartphone is becoming an important tool among nursing population. With the smartphones, it was possible to implement new care models. However, if used incorrectly, it could be the cause of nurses' distraction and nosocomial infection. AIM: To analyze the various apps used by the nursing population and describe the smartphones' positive and negative aspects on health care by review the literature. METHOD: PubMed, CINAHL, SCOPUS e Web of Knowledge, Google Schoolar, databases were used to perform this study...
April 2017: Professioni Infermieristiche
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754650/modeling-patient-treatment-with-medical-records-an-abstraction-hierarchy-to-understand-user-competencies-and-needs
#18
Justin D St-Maurice, Catherine M Burns
BACKGROUND: Health care is a complex sociotechnical system. Patient treatment is evolving and needs to incorporate the use of technology and new patient-centered treatment paradigms. Cognitive work analysis (CWA) is an effective framework for understanding complex systems, and work domain analysis (WDA) is useful for understanding complex ecologies. Although previous applications of CWA have described patient treatment, due to their scope of work patients were previously characterized as biomedical machines, rather than patient actors involved in their own care...
July 28, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752414/effectiveness-of-mindfulness-and-relaxation-based-ehealth-interventions-for-patients-with-medical-conditions-a-systematic-review-and-synthesis
#19
Michael Mikolasek, Jonas Berg, Claudia M Witt, Jürgen Barth
PURPOSE: This systematic review aims to summarize eHealth studies with mindfulness- and relaxation-based interventions for medical conditions and to determine whether eHealth interventions have positive effects on health. METHOD: A comprehensive search of five databases was conducted for all available studies from 1990 to 2015. Studies were included if the intervention was mainly technology delivered and included a mindfulness- or relaxation-based intervention strategy and if patients with a medical condition were treated...
July 27, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751438/physical-activity-patterns-and-socio-demographic-correlates-of-physical-activity-among-medical-undergraduates-in-sri-lanka-an-observational-study
#20
Arjuna Medagama, Manoj Galgomuwa, Chinthani De Silva
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is the fourth leading risk factor for mortality worldwide and a leading risk factor for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Medical undergraduates are a group of young adults expected to have a sound knowledge of the benefits of physical activity (PA) and have an active lifestyle. OBJECTIVE: To quantifyPA levels among medical undergraduates of a Sri Lankan university and to determine the socio-demographic correlates of physical inactivity...
July 27, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
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