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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595115/efficacy-and-non-invasive-treatment-of-sialorrhea-in-the-goldenhar-syndrome
#1
R Marvulli, G A Gallo, L Mastromauro, P Fiore, G Ianieri, M Megna
Goldenhar syndrome (ocular-auricular-vertebral syndrome), a rare congenital condition arising from defects in the first and second brachial arches, consists in clinical variety of features ranging from facial abnormalities, ear-eye abnormalities, vertebral defects and congenital heart problems and severe obstructive sleep apnea. Due to craniofacial abnormalities, patients presents mechanical obstructive phenomena and sialorrhea that cause prone position, language's fastening, use of nasopharyngeal cannulas and tracheal intubation...
March 28, 2018: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508455/treatment-of-autonomic-dysfunction-in-parkinson-disease-and-other-synucleinopathies
#2
REVIEW
Jose-Alberto Palma, Horacio Kaufmann
Dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system afflicts most patients with Parkinson disease and other synucleinopathies such as dementia with Lewy bodies, multiple system atrophy, and pure autonomic failure, reducing quality of life and increasing mortality. For example, gastrointestinal dysfunction can lead to impaired drug pharmacodynamics causing a worsening in motor symptoms, and neurogenic orthostatic hypotension can cause syncope, falls, and fractures. When recognized, autonomic problems can be treated, sometimes successfully...
March 2018: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475576/pharmacological-interventions-for-treating-sialorrhea-associated-with-neurological-disorders-a-mixed-treatment-network-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#3
REVIEW
Kannan Sridharan, Gowri Sivaramakrishnan
Sialorrhea is a common distress associated with certain neurological disorders. The aim of this study is to compare the pharmacological agents used for treating sialorrhea by network meta-analysis. Electronic databases were searched for randomized clinical trials comparing active drugs with either placebo or other active drugs. Total drooling scores was the primary outcome measure. Inverse variance heterogeneity model was used for both direct and mixed treatment comparison analysis. Twenty one studies were included in the systematic review and 15 in the meta-analysis...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460161/saliva-changes-in-parkinson-s-disease-patients-after-injection-of-botulinum-neurotoxin-type-a
#4
Janne Tiigimäe-Saar, Tiia Tamme, Marika Rosenthal, Liis Kadastik-Eerme, Pille Taba
Patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) are compromised by poor oral condition due to oropharyngeal bradykinesia, dysphagia, and the side effects of treatment. Intrasalivary gland injections of Botulinum neurotoxin type A (BNT-A) have been known to treat sialorrhea effectively in these patients. However, the decreased amount of saliva reduces self-cleaning ability that deteriorates oral hygiene and increases dental caries. The aim of this study was to determine the changes in the oral microflora and saliva in patients with PD treated for sialorrhea by means of sonography-controlled BNT-A injections into the bilateral parotid and submandibular glands...
February 19, 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435205/percutaneous-salivary-gland-ablation-using-ethanol-in-a-rat-model
#5
Emma Burch, Lacey Lubeley, James Murakami
Objectives: Sialorrhea is a common health and psychosocial problem for children with neuromuscular dysfunction secondary to a variety of disorders such as cerebral palsy. Current accepted treatments include the injection of botulinum toxin into the submandibular glands for temporary symptom relief. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the feasibility of percutaneous ethanol injection for longer lasting salivary gland ablation in an animal model. Material and Methods: Twenty rats were used in this study...
October 2017: Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432648/pilocarpine-and-artificial-saliva-for-the-treatment-of-xerostomia-and-xerophthalmia-of-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-a-double-blind-control-trial
#6
M Cifuentes, P Del Barrio-Díaz, C Vera-Kellet
BACKGROUND: Sjögren's Syndrome (SS) is associated with xerostomia and xerophthalmia. Pilocarpine stimulates the secretion of saliva. OBJECTIVES: Investigate and compare the efficacy of pilocarpine and artificial saliva as symptomatic treatments for xerostomia and xerophthalmia in patients with SS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A double-blind, randomized, controlled study was performed. 72 patients with SS were assigned randomly to receive ten drops of pilocarpine (5 mg) or 10 drops of artificial saliva, orally, t...
February 12, 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399045/disease-modifying-and-symptomatic-treatment-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#7
REVIEW
Johannes Dorst, Albert C Ludolph, Annemarie Huebers
In this review, we summarize the most important recent developments in the treatment of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). In terms of disease-modifying treatment options, several drugs such as dexpramipexole, pioglitazone, lithium, and many others have been tested in large multicenter trials, albeit with disappointing results. Therefore, riluzole remains the only directly disease-modifying drug. In addition, we discuss antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) as a new and potentially causal treatment option. Progress in symptomatic treatments has been more important...
2018: Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243262/does-intraglandular-injection-of-botulinum-toxin-improve-pediatric-sialorrhea
#8
Amy Hughes, Sukgi Choi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026848/drug-induced-sialorrhea-and-microfluidic-chip-electrophoretic-analysis-of-engorged-adult-female-tick-saliva-of-haemaphysalis-longicornis-acari-ixodidae
#9
Mohammad Saiful Islam, Myung Jo You
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to induce salivation in Haemaphysalis longicornis to increase saliva production and to characterize the collection of proteins present in the collected saliva using on-chip-electrophoresis. METHODS: Saliva of adult female engorged H. longicornis was collected by treatment with 0.2% dopamine hydrochloride. All protein samples were characterized by SDS-PAGE electrophoresis using a microfluidic High Sensitivity Protein Assay 250 kit by 2100 Bioanalyzer (Agilent Technologies, USA) under non-reducing conditions...
March 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964285/pediatric-leukodystrophies-the-role-of-the-otolaryngologist
#10
Emily Kay-Rivest, Léticia Khendek, Geneviève Bernard, Sam J Daniel
BACKGROUND: Leukodystrophies consist of degenerative neurogenetic diseases often associated with comorbidities that extend beyond the neurological system. Despite their impacts on patients' quality of life and risks of complications, head and neck symptomology is poorly reported in the literature. The objective of this study was to identify and quantify the main head and neck complaints among a cohort of patients diagnosed with leukodystrophies and define the role of the otolaryngologist as part of a multidisciplinary team for treating these patients...
October 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837826/botulinum-toxin-in-parkinsonism-the-when-how-and-which-for-botulinum-toxin-injections
#11
Francisco Cardoso
The aim of this article is to provide a review of the use of injections of botulinum toxin in the management of selected symptoms and signs of Parkinson's disease and other forms of parkinsonism. Sialorrhea is defined as inability to control oral secretions, resulting in excessive saliva in the oropharynx. There is a high level of evidence for the treatment of sialorrhea in parkinsonism with injections of different forms of botulinum toxin type A as well as botulinum toxin type B. Tremor can be improved by the use of botulinum toxin injections but improved tremor control often leads to concomitant motor weakness, limiting its use...
August 23, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819801/botulinum-toxin-treatment-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Yasaman Safarpour, Tahereh Mousavi, Bahman Jabbari
Purpose of review The purpose of this review is to provide updated information on the role of botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) therapy in multiple sclerosis (MS). This review aims to answer which symptoms of multiple sclerosis may be amenable to BoNT therapy. Recent findings We searched the literature on the efficacy of BoNTs for treatment of MS symptoms up to April 1st 2017 via the Yale University Library's search engine including but not limited to Pub Med and Ovis SP. The level of efficacy was defined according to the assessment's criteria set forth by the Subcommittee on Guideline Development of the American Academy of Neurology...
August 17, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805273/neurotoxicosis-in-horses-associated-with-consumption-of-trema-micrantha
#13
M P Lorenzett, P R Pereira, D M Bassuino, G Konradt, W Panziera, M V Bianchi, F F Argenta, M E Hammerschmitt, R A Caprioli, C S L de Barros, S P Pavarini, D Driemeier
BACKGROUND: Trema micrantha is a tree widely distributed throughout the Americas. The tree produces highly palatable leaves that have been associated with natural poisoning in goats, sheep and horses, in which hepatic necrosis and hepatic encephalopathy have been observed. OBJECTIVES: This study describes malacia and haemorrhage in the central nervous system (CNS) due to T. micrantha consumption, with minimal to absent hepatic lesions. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series...
August 14, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635876/-salivation-after-stroke
#14
Z A Zalyalova
Salivation after stroke (sialorrhea, hypersalivation, ptyalism) can be caused by the overproduction or a lack of utilization of saliva. Patients after stroke often have sialorrhea as a result of dysphagia. Neurogenic dysphagia in acute period after stroke occurs in 25-65% of patients. The mortality rate among people with post-stroke dysphagia and tube feeding ranges from 20 to 24%. Patients who suffering from profuse salivation have difficulties with articulation and swallowing, bad breath, irritation and maceration of perioral area, contamination of clothing and bed linen...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593050/rimabotulinumtoxinb-in-sialorrhea-systematic-review-of-clinical-trials
#15
REVIEW
Khashayar Dashtipour, Roongroj Bhidayasiri, Jack J Chen, Bahman Jabbari, Mark Lew, Diego Torres-Russotto
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy, safety and dosing practices of rimabotulinumtoxinB (BoNT-B) for the treatment of patients with sialorrhea based on a systematic review of clinical trials. METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed to identify randomized controlled trials and other comparative clinical studies of BoNT-B for the treatment of sialorrhea published in English between January 1999 and December 2015. Medical literature databases (PubMed, Cochrane Library, and EMBASE) were searched and a total of 41 records were identified...
2017: Journal of Clinical Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487193/modified-xanthan-gum-for-buccal-delivery-a-promising-approach-in-treating-sialorrhea
#16
Flavia Laffleur, Martina Michalek
AIM: The aim of this study was to modify xanthan, a well-known gelling agent, in order to treat sialorrhea, which increases salivary flow due to an excessive stimulus of the salivary reflex. METHODS: Chemical modification occurs by covalent attachment of l-cysteine (SH) to the polymeric backbone of xanthan (X) via amide bond formation. Safety considerations, water uptake capacity, and erosion were evaluated. Furthermore, mucoadhesiveness on buccal mucosa and vapor uptake studies were performed...
September 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484503/quantitative-evaluation-of-chinese-herb-medicine-in-the-treatment-of-sialorrhea-and-frequent-nighttime-urination-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#17
Chuanhe Sun, Dandan Wang, Wenfei Jiang, Weilong Liao, Penglin Gao, Weidong Pan, Te Liu
Aims. To evaluate the efficacy of Lian-Se formula (LSF), one Chinese herb formulation for treating sialorrhea and frequent overnight urination in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Methods. 96 PD patients suffering from sialorrhea and/or frequent nighttime urination were divided into two groups: an LSF group (n = 48) treated with LSF for 6 weeks and a placebo group (n = 48) treated with a placebo formula whose appearance and taste were the same as LSF for 6 weeks. All patients were treated by standard antiparkinsonism medicine according to the PD guideline of China...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447217/swallowing-disorders-in-schizophrenia
#18
REVIEW
Deepika P Kulkarni, Vandan D Kamath, Jonathan T Stewart
Disorders of swallowing are poorly characterized but quite common in schizophrenia. They are a source of considerable morbidity and mortality in this population, generally as a result of either acute asphyxia from airway obstruction or more insidious aspiration and pneumonia. The death rate from acute asphyxia may be as high as one hundred times that of the general population. Most swallowing disorders in schizophrenia seem to fall into one of two categories, changes in eating and swallowing due to the illness itself and changes related to psychotropic medications...
August 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393503/-bilateral-submandibulectomy-for-the-treatment-of-drooling-in-pediatric-age-10-years-of-experience
#19
A S Marinho, C Sousa, A Coelho, J Barbosa-Sequeira, M Recamán, F Carvalho
INTRODUCTION: Sialorrhea is a medical problem and can become a social issue, common in children with neurological disabilities. The bilateral submandibulectomy is one of the available treatment options for managing this pathology. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of bilateral submandibulectomy in the management of sialorrhea in children with neurological disabilities through the parents' satisfaction grade. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 91 bilateral submandibulectomies for a period of time of 10 years (2004-2015)...
July 10, 2016: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381508/clinical-manifestations-of-the-anti-iglon5-disease
#20
Carles Gaig, Francesc Graus, Yarko Compta, Birgit Högl, Luis Bataller, Norbert Brüggemann, Caroline Giordana, Anna Heidbreder, Katya Kotschet, Jan Lewerenz, Stefan Macher, Maria J Martí, Teresa Montojo, Jesus Pérez-Pérez, Inmaculada Puertas, Caspar Seitz, Mateus Simabukuro, Nieves Téllez, Klaus-Peter Wandinger, Alex Iranzo, Guadalupe Ercilla, Lidia Sabater, Joan Santamaría, Josep Dalmau
OBJECTIVE: To report the presentation, main syndromes, human leukocyte antigen (HLA) association, and immunoglobulin G (IgG) subclass in the anti-IgLON5 disease: a disorder with parasomnias, sleep apnea, and IgLON5 antibodies. METHODS: This was a retrospective clinical analysis of 22 patients. The IgG subclass was determined using reported techniques. RESULTS: Patients' median age was 64 years (range 46-83). Symptoms that led to initial consultation included sleep problems (8 patients; 36%), gait abnormalities (8; 36%), bulbar dysfunction (3; 14%), chorea (2; 9%), and cognitive decline (1; 5%)...
May 2, 2017: Neurology
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