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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140581/comparison-of-long-term-outcomes-between-pull-through-resection-and-mandibular-lip-split-surgery-for-t4a-tongue-floor-of-mouth-cancers
#1
Shih-Jung Cheng, Hui-Hsin Ko, Jang-Jaer Lee, Sang-Heng Kok
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the pull-through resection is better than the mandibular lip-split for advanced tongue/floor of mouth (FOM) cancers, which remains inconclusive. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed on 91 patients with T4a tongue/FOM cancers from 2009 to 2014. Cases with mandibular resection were excluded. The pull-through resection was used when the mouth opening was ≥15 mm; otherwise the mandibular lip-split was used...
November 15, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125536/are-some-of-the-cigar-warnings-mandated-in-the-u-s-more-believable-than-others
#2
Kristen L Jarman, Sarah D Kowitt, Jennifer Cornacchione Ross, Adam O Goldstein
Background: Text warnings are mandated on cigars sold in the United States (U.S.), however little published research has examined effectiveness of cigar warnings. This is the first study examining the believability of cigar warnings among adults in the U.S. Methods: Adults in the U.S. (n = 5014) were randomized in a phone survey to receive one of three cigar-specific mandated warning messages ("Cigar smoking can cause cancers of the mouth and throat, even if you do not inhale", "Cigar smoking can cause lung cancer and heart disease", and "Cigars are not a safe alternative to cigarettes") with one of four warning sources (no source, Surgeon General, CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), FDA (Food and Drug Administration))...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121177/out-of-pocket-and-health-care-spending-changes-for-patients-using-orally-administered-anticancer-therapy-after-adoption-of-state-parity-laws
#3
Stacie B Dusetzina, Haiden A Huskamp, Aaron N Winn, Ethan Basch, Nancy L Keating
Importance: Oral anticancer medications are increasingly important but costly treatment options for patients with cancer. By early 2017, 43 states and Washington, DC, had passed laws to ensure patients with private insurance enrolled in fully insured health plans pay no more for anticancer medications administered by mouth than anticancer medications administered by infusion. Federal legislation regarding this issue is currently pending. Despite their rapid acceptance, the changes associated with state adoption of oral chemotherapy parity laws have not been described...
November 9, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118278/oral-health-status-of-independent-older-adults-in-texas-an-observational-study-comparing-urban-and-rural-areas
#4
Julie L Martin, Linda D Boyd, Helena Tapias-Perdigón, Lisa M LaSpina
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the oral health needs of community-dwelling older adults participating in congregate meal centers and to determine whether differences exist in the oral health needs of older adult populations residing in urban versus rural communities in the state of Texas.Methods: Study participants were recruited at 6 congregate meal centers located in identified rural and urban communities in the greater metropolitan area of Austin, Texas. (N=78) Participants completed a validated, modified questionnaire containing 20 items on the following topics: self-reported oral health, tooth loss, dental insurance, frequency of dental visits, time since last dental visit, access to dental care, dry mouth, and oral cancer screening...
October 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118155/detection-of-early-stage-oral-cancer-lesions-a-survey-of-california-dental-hygienists
#5
Dayna M Hashimoto Barao, Gwen Essex, Ann A Lazar, Dorothy J Rowe
Purpose: To assess dental hygienists' knowledge of early-stage oral cancer lesions and their practices, attitudes, barriers, and facilitators related to early detection.Methods: A 20-item survey containing images of oral lesions and related multiple-choice questions was distributed electronically by the California Dental Hygienists' Association to all dental hygienists whose email addresses were in their database. Response frequencies were calculated per survey item. Logistic regression analysis was used to explore associations...
December 2016: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114602/impact-on-quality-of-life-of-imrt-versus-3-d-conformal-radiation-therapy-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-a-case-control-study
#6
Edvard Abel, Ewa Silander, Jan Nyman, Mogens Bove, Leif Johansson, Thomas Björk-Eriksson, Eva Hammerlid
Objective: The purpose of this study was to prospectively and longitudinally compare the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) outcomes between head and neck (HN) cancer patients treated with parotid-sparing intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and patients treated with 3-dimensional conventional radiation therapy (3D-CRT). Methods and materials: Before and up to 12 months after treatment, HRQOL was recorded in patients with HN cancer who were referred to the Department of Oncology at Sahlgrenska University Hospital for curative IMRT...
July 2017: Advances in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108826/physical-activity-and-autoimmune-diseases-get-moving-and-manage-the-disease
#7
REVIEW
Kassem Sharif, Abdulla Watad, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Micheal Lichtbroun, Howard Amital, Yehuda Shoenfeld
Physical activity, by definition, is any skeletal muscle body movement that results in energy expenditure. In the last few decades, a plethora of scientific evidences have accumulated and confirmed the beneficial role of physical activity as a modifiable risk factor for a wide variety of chronic diseases including cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), diabetes mellitus and cancer, among others. Autoimmune diseases are a heterogeneous group of chronic diseases, which occur secondary to loss of self-antigen tolerance...
November 3, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090969/expression-of-cat-podoplanin-in-feline-squamous-cell-carcinomas
#8
Shunsuke Itai, Shinji Yamada, Mika K Kaneko, Hiroyuki Harada, Yumiko Kagawa, Satoru Konnai, Yukinari Kato
Oral squamous cell carcinoma is an aggressive tumor in cats; however, molecular-targeted therapies against this tumor, including antibody therapy, have not been developed. Sensitive and specific monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against highly expressed membrane proteins are needed to develop antibody therapies. Podoplanin, a type I transmembrane glycoprotein, is expressed in many human malignant tumors, including brain tumor, esophageal cancer, lung cancer, mesothelioma, and oral cancer. Podoplanin binds to C-type lectin-like receptor-2 (CLEC-2) and activates platelet aggregation, which is involved in cancer metastasis...
November 1, 2017: Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079555/-thanks-for-letting-us-all-share-your-mammogram-experience-virtually-developing-a-web-based-hub-for-breast-cancer-screening
#9
Adam Galpin, Joanne Meredith, Cathy Ure, Leslie Robinson
BACKGROUND: The decision around whether to attend breast cancer screening can often involve making sense of confusing and contradictory information on its risks and benefits. The Word of Mouth Mammogram e-Network (WoMMeN) project was established to create a Web-based resource to support decision making regarding breast cancer screening. This paper presents data from our user-centered approach in engaging stakeholders (both health professionals and service users) in the design of this Web-based resource...
October 27, 2017: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074916/community-dental-team-screen-factory-workers-for-mouth-cancer
#10
Tami Lampert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 27, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058852/mouth-cancer-rates-in-uk-soar
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of the California Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058083/exercise-program-design-considerations-for-head-and-neck-cancer-survivors
#12
Adrian W Midgley, Derek Lowe, Andrew R Levy, Vishal Mepani, Simon N Rogers
The present study aimed to establish exercise preferences, barriers, and perceived benefits among head and neck cancer survivors, as well as their level of interest in participating in an exercise program. Patients treated for primary squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck between 2010 and 2014 were identified from the hospital database and sent a postal questionnaire pack to establish exercise preferences, barriers, perceived benefits, current physical activity levels, and quality of life. A postal reminder was sent to non-responders 4 weeks later...
October 20, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053803/effect-of-radiation-on-sucrose-detection-thresholds-of-mice
#13
Benjamin C Jewkes, Linda A Barlow, Eugene R Delay
Radiotherapy is one of the most common treatments for head and neck cancers, with an almost obligate side effect of altered taste (Conger 1973). In mice, targeted irradiation of the head and neck causes transient repression of proliferation of basal epithelial cells responsible for taste cell replacement, leading to a temporary depletion of taste sensory cells within taste buds, including Type II taste cells involved in detection of sweet stimuli (Nguyen et al. 2012). These findings suggest that irradiation may elevate sucrose detection thresholds, peaking at 7 days post-irradiation when loss of Type II cells is greatest...
October 19, 2017: Chemical Senses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044879/exercise-therapy-for-trismus-secondary-to-head-and-neck-cancer-a-systematic-review
#14
Jolanda I Kamstra, Marianne van Leeuwen, Jan L N Roodenburg, Pieter U Dijkstra
BACKGROUND: Effects of exercise therapy for trismus secondary to head and neck cancer have not been reviewed systematically since 2004. METHODS: Four databases were searched. The quality of observational studies and randomized controlled trials was assessed. RESULTS: Two hundred eleven articles were found, 20 studies were included. A large variation in research methodology, stretching techniques, duration of stretch, and repetition of exercises was found...
November 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031308/quality-of-life-among-korean-gastrointestinal-cancer-survivors
#15
Soojung Ahn, Hyejeong Jung, Sanghee Kim, Sang Joon Shin, Chang Gi Park, Sang Hui Chu
PURPOSE: The number of gastrointestinal (GI) cancer survivors has been steadily increasing owing to early diagnosis and improved cancer treatment outcomes. The quality of life (QoL) of cancer survivors can provide distinct prognostic information and represent their functioning. This study aimed to investigate the levels of symptoms, psychological distress, and QoL of GI cancer survivors, and identify factors associated with QoL. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 145 survivors of gastric or colorectal cancer in a university-affiliated hospital, Seoul, South Korea...
October 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029370/elder-neglect-oral-diseases-and-injuries
#16
Stefano Petti
Elder Neglect (EN) is the failure of a designated caregiver to meet the needs of a dependent older person. World EN prevalence, meta-analyzed in this study, is 1.0% or 1.8% according to different statistical methods. Referring alleged EN cases to Adult Protective Services (APSs) by healthcare workers (HCWs) is mandatory in many countries. However, only few claims are substantiated, as EN could be confused with Self-Neglect, neglect could be unintentional or due to caregiver unawareness. Screening tools are inaccurate and their use is discouraged by public health organizations, because they lead to too many false positives, which engulf the already overwhelmed APSs...
October 13, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027689/oral-mucosa-model-for-electrochemotherapy-treatment-of-dog-mouth-cancer-ex-vivo-in-silico-and-in-vivo-experiments
#17
Daniela O H Suzuki, José A Berkenbrock, Marisa J S Frederico, Fátima R M B Silva, Marcelo M M Rangel
Electrochemotherapy (EQT) is a local cancer treatment well established to cutaneous and subcutaneous tumors. Electric fields are applied to biological tissue in order to improve membrane permeability for cytotoxic drugs. This phenomenon is called electroporation or electropermeabilization. Studies have reported that tissue conductivity is electric field dependent. Electroporation numerical models of biological tissues are essential in treatment planning. Tumors of the mouth are very common in dogs. Inadequate EQT treatment of oral tumor may be caused by significant anatomic variations between dogs and tumor position...
October 13, 2017: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027001/cancer-incidence-in-urban-rural-and-densely-populated-districts-close-to-core-cities-in-bavaria-germany
#18
M Radespiel-Tröger, K Geiss, D Twardella, W Maier, M Meyer
OBJECTIVE: An ecologic study on the level of districts was performed to evaluate the possible association between district type and risk of cancer in Bavaria, Southern Germany. METHODS: Cancer incidence data for the years 2003-2012 were obtained from the population-based cancer registry Bavaria according to sex and cancer site. Data on district type, socio-economic area deprivation, particulate matter exposure, tobacco consumption, and alcohol consumption were obtained from publicly available sources...
October 12, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026845/osteonecrosis-of-the-jaws-in-patient-received-bisphosphonates-and-sunitinib-separately-a-case-report
#19
Farzaneh Ashrafi, Ali Derakhshandeh, Bijan Movahedian, Azadeh Moghaddas
Recently published reports have suggested that antiangiogenic drugs such as sunitinib could potentiate the osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) induced by bisphosphonates (BPs) and even induce this adverse effect per se. We reported a case of ONJ with renal cell carcinoma under sunitinib medication and history of BPs therapy. A 53-year-old man was referred to the oral surgery clinic complaining of painful exposed oral lesion and bone extraction from right lower jaw in the mouth. He underwent nephrectomy followed by 5 months treatment with cycles of 50 mg sunitinib (Sutent(®)) once a day for 4 weeks followed by 2 weeks drug free before lesion exposure in October 2016...
July 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966966/toluidine-blue-staining-in-identification-of-a-biopsy-site-in-potentially-malignant-lesions-a-case-control-study
#20
Mayank Kumar Parakh, R C Jagat Reddy, Prabhu Subramani
OBJECTIVE: Oral cancer is a significant threat to public health all over the world, especially in Southeast Asia. At the present time, screening of oral cancer, its premalignant stages as well as its early detection, is still largely based on visual examination of the mouth. Visual examination is highly subjective and hence lacks the specificity and sensitivity. The objective of this study was to determine the usefulness of toluidine blue in marking a biopsy site in potentially malignant disorders...
October 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
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