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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230590/modified-lateral-surgical-approach-to-the-pterygopalatine-fossa
#1
Masataka Uehara, Masaaki Sasaguri, Shunji Shiiba, Kazuhiro Tominaga
Oral cancer, especially that originates in the maxillary tuberosity, buccal mucosa, and maxillary alveolus, is apt to invade the pterygopalatine fossa, where an intraoral approach is nearly impossible. There are 2 main types of extraoral approach to the pterygopalatine fossa; the anterior approach and the lateral approach. Although the lateral approach has an advantage compared with the anterior approach in terms of cosmetics, after the operation numbness of the lower lip occurs due to the sacrifice of the mental nerve...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226414/methylene-blue-for-the-treatment-of-intractable-pain-associated-with-oral-mucositis
#2
Carlos J Roldan, Kent Nouri, Thomas Chai, Billy Huh
Oral mucositis is a common and often debilitating complication among cancer patients receiving radiation therapy to the head and neck or chemotherapy agents, or undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Pain and decreased oral function associated with oral mucositis may persist long after the conclusion of therapy. Although most patients respond to conservative management, a subset of patients develop intractable pain with severe consequences. For some, the use of total parenteral nutrition with insertion of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy feeding tubes is the only alternative...
February 22, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220985/the-head-and-neck-cancer-patient-concern-inventory-%C3%A2-patient-concerns-prevalence-dental-concerns-impact-and-relationships-of-concerns-with-quality-of-life-measures
#3
Maria L Aguilar, Pamela Sandow, John W Werning, Lia Brenneman, Walter J Psoter
PURPOSE: The Patient Concern Inventory(©) (PCI) is a clinical tool of self-reported patient concerns to be used by the clinician to structure the patient-oncologist visit. It was developed in the United Kingdom to address the issues of quality of life (QOL) in head and neck cancer (HNC) patients. The purpose of the study reported here was to determine the prevalence of PCI(©) items, the associations between PCI(©) items and QOL, and to explore the importance of oral/dental issues in the patient's well-being...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216857/body-image-and-sexuality-in-women-survivors-of-breast-cancer-in-india-qualitative-findings
#4
Michelle S Barthakur, Mahendra P Sharma, Santosh K Chaturvedi, Suraj K Manjunath
OBJECTIVES: With increasing rates of breast cancer survivors, psychosocial issues surrounding cancer survivorship have been gaining prominence. The following article reports on body image and sexuality-related issues in aftermath of the diagnosis and its treatment in the Indian context. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Research design was mixed method, cross-sectional, and exploratory in nature. Quantitative sample consisted of fifty survivors while the qualitative sample size included 15 out of the 50 total breast cancer survivors who were recruited from hospitals, nongovernmental organization, and through word-of-mouth...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206871/swallowing-therapy-and-progressive-resistance-training-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-undergoing-radiotherapy-treatment-randomized-control-trial-protocol-and-preliminary-data
#5
Sara F Hajdú, Irene Wessel, Christoffer Johansen, Claus A Kristensen, Zahra T Kadkhoda, Christina C Plaschke, Susanne O Dalton
BACKGROUND: Head and neck cancer (HNC) patients are often challenged by treatment induced dysphagia and trismus. Traditionally, rehabilitation is initiated when loss of function has already occurred. There is increasing evidence that it is of benefit to patients to initiate an early rehabilitation process before and during treatment. HNC patients have a unique set of functional challenges such as pre- and post-treatment dysphagia, pain and weight loss. The aim of the trial is to investigate the effects of swallowing and mouth-opening exercises combined with progressive resistance training (PRT) during radiotherapy...
February 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199859/structure-of-the-lps-o-chain-from-fusobacterium-nucleatum-strain-10953-containing-sialic-acid
#6
Evgeny Vinogradov, Frank St Michael, Kiyonobu Homma, Ashu Sharma, Andrew D Cox
Fusobacterium nucleatum is an anaerobic bacterium found in the human mouth where it causes periodontitis. Recently, it has been gaining attention as a potential causative agent for colorectal cancer and is strongly linked with pregnancy complications including pre-term and still births. Little is known about virulence factors of this organism and thus we have initiated studies to examine the bacterial surface glycochemistry. Consistent with a recent paper suggesting that F. nucleatum strain 10593 can synthesize sialic acid, a staining technique identified sialic acid on the bacterial surface...
January 28, 2017: Carbohydrate Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196783/symptom-cluster-trajectories-during-chemotherapy-in-breast-cancer-outpatients
#7
Hsin-Tien Hsu, Kuan-Chia Lin, Li-Min Wu, Chiung-Hui Juan, Ming-Feng Hou, Shiow-Li Hwang, Yi Liu, Marylin J Dodd
CONTEXT: Breast cancer patients often experience multiple symptoms and substantial discomfort. Some symptoms may occur simultaneously and throughout the duration of chemotherapy treatment OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate symptom severity and symptom cluster trajectories during chemotherapy in outpatients with breast cancer in Taiwan. METHODS: This prospective, longitudinal, repeated measures study administered a standardized questionnaire (M...
February 11, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177515/methadone-for-cancer-pain
#8
REVIEW
Alexander B Nicholson, Graeme R Watson, Sheena Derry, Philip J Wiffen
BACKGROUND: This is an updated review originally published in 2004 and first updated in 2007. This version includes substantial changes to bring it in line with current methodological requirements. Methadone is a synthetic opioid that presents some challenges in dose titration and is recognised to cause potentially fatal arrhythmias in some patients. It does have a place in therapy for people who cannot tolerate other opioids but should be initiated only by experienced practitioners. This review is one of a suite of reviews on opioids for cancer pain...
February 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170182/primary-salivary-human-stem-progenitor-cells-undergo-microenvironment-driven-acinar-like-differentiation-in-hyaluronate-hydrogel-culture
#9
Padma Pradeepa Srinivasan, Vaishali N Patel, Shuang Liu, Daniel A Harrington, Matthew P Hoffman, Xinqiao Jia, Robert L Witt, Mary C Farach-Carson, Swati Pradhan-Bhatt
Radiotherapy for head and neck cancer often has undesirable effects on salivary glands that lead to xerostomia or severe dry mouth, which can increase oral infections. Our goal is to engineer functional, three-dimensional (3D) salivary gland neotissue for autologous implantation to provide permanent relief. An immediate need exists to obtain autologous adult progenitor cells as the use of embryonic and induced pluripotent stem cells potentially pose serious risks such as teratogenicity and immunogenic rejection...
January 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158262/uncovering-stem-cell-differentiation-factors-for-salivary-gland-regeneration-by-quantitative-analysis-of-differential-proteomes
#10
Yun-Jong Park, Jin Koh, Jin Teak Kwon, Yong-Seok Park, Lijun Yang, Seunghee Cha
Severe xerostomia (dry mouth) compromises the quality of life in patients with Sjögren's syndrome or radiation therapy for head and neck cancer. A clinical management of xerostomia is often unsatisfactory as most interventions are palliative with limited efficacy. Following up our previous study demonstrating that mouse BM-MSCs are capable of differentiating into salivary epithelial cells in a co-culture system, we further explored the molecular basis that governs the MSC reprogramming by utilizing high-throughput iTRAQ-2D-LC-MS/MS-based proteomics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156472/oncology-massage-impact-on-patient-with-cancer-and-caregiver-self-reported-symptoms-as-part-of-an-integrative-oncology-program-at-a-comprehensive-cancer-center
#11
Kathrin Milbury, Amy Spelman, Qi Wei, Pamela A Sumler, Curtiss M Beinhorn, Eduardo Bruera, Lorenzo Cohen
: 79 Background: Massage as a manual therapy has shown benefit for symptomatic relief in patients with cancer and their caregivers. We explored the impact of a single massage session on self-reported symptoms in an outpatient clinic at a comprehensive cancer center. METHODS: Patients and caregivers received oncology massage treatments (30 or 60-min duration) at our Integrative Medicine Center outpatient clinic from Sep 2012-Jan 2015. Participants completed a modified Edmonton Symptom Assessment Scale (ESAS; 0-10 scale, 10 most severe) pre- and post-massage...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156437/integrative-oncology-consultation-and-symptom-palliation-analysis-of-patient-reported-outcomes-at-a-comprehensive-cancer-center
#12
Jennifer Leigh McQuade, Richard T Lee, Jane Williams, Amy Spelman, Bryan Fellman, Yisheng Li, Eduardo Bruera, Lorenzo Cohen
: 84 Background: Patients (pts) receiving cancer care are increasingly interested in complementary health approaches to improve symptoms and quality of life. We report on demographics and patient reported outcomes in an integrative oncology (IO) clinic. METHODS: Pts presenting for IO consultation or follow-up completed: Measure Yourself Concerns and Wellbeing (MYCaW), Edmonton Symptom Assessment Scale (ESAS), Short Form 12 (SF-12) quality of life (QOL) scale, and an overall satisfaction questionnaire...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154766/case-of-superficial-cancer-located-at-the-pharyngoesophageal-junction-which-was-dissected-by-endoscopic-laryngopharyngeal-surgery-combined-with-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection
#13
Kenro Kawada, Tatsuyuki Kawano, Taro Sugimoto, Kazuya Yamaguchi, Yuudai Kawamura, Toshihiro Matsui, Masafumi Okuda, Taichi Ogo, Yuuichiro Kume, Yutaka Nakajima, Andres Mora, Takuya Okada, Akihiro Hoshino, Yutaka Tokairin, Yasuaki Nakajima, Ryuhei Okada, Yusuke Kiyokawa, Fuminori Nomura, Takahiro Asakage, Ryo Shimoda, Takashi Ito
Aims. In order to determine the indications of transoral surgery for a tumor located at the pharyngoesophageal junction, the trumpet maneuver with transnasal endoscopy was used. Its efficacy is reported here. Material and Methods. An 88-year-old woman complaining of dysphagia, diagnosed with cervical esophageal cancer, and hoping to preserve her voice and swallowing function was admitted to our hospital. Conventional endoscopy showed that the tumor had invaded the hypopharynx. When inspecting the hypopharynx and the orifice of the esophagus, we asked the patient to blow hard and puff her cheeks with her mouth closed (trumpet maneuver)...
2017: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152970/factors-associated-with-toxicity-related-service-use-among-community-oncology-patients
#14
Beth Lavasseur, Philip J Stella, Paul T Adams, Lauren Swafford, JoAnn Lewis, Kari Mendelsohn-Victor, Christopher Ryan Friese
: 133 Background: Chemotherapy-associated toxicities occur often, yet sparse data are available to correlate toxicities with related service use. Toxicities may disrupt treatment, impair quality of life, and induce unplanned service use. We sought to understand the frequency and correlates of unplanned service use among patients receiving first-cycle chemotherapy at 5 community-based ambulatory oncology practices in southeast Michigan. METHODS: A prospective survey examined the dichotomous outcome of toxicity-related unplanned service use...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150210/an-ultrasensitive-biosensing-platform-employing-acetylcholinesterase-and-gold-nanoparticles
#15
Dingbin Liu, Xiaoyuan Chen
Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is a well-known strategy for biomarker detection with a color change, which can be seen by the naked eyes. However, the moderate sensitivity of conventional ELISA limits its applications in many cases where the concentrations of biomarker are very low, such as cancer diagnosis. Here we describe an ultrasensitive colorimetric assay based on acetylcholinesterase (AChE)-catalyzed hydrolysis reaction, whose products trigger the aggregation of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs), causing a distinct color change of the solution from red to purple...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135570/the-structure-of-the-lps-o-chain-of-fusobacterium-nucleatum-strain-25586-containing-two-novel-monosaccharides-2-acetamido-2-6-dideoxy-l-altrose-and-a-5-acetimidoylamino-3-5-9-trideoxy-gluco-non-2-ulosonic-acid
#16
Evgeny Vinogradov, Frank St Michael, Andrew D Cox
Fusobacterium nucleatum is an anaerobic bacterium found in the human mouth where it causes periodontitis. Recently, it has been gaining attention as a potential causative agent for colorectal cancer and is strongly linked with pregnancy complications including pre-term and still births. Little is known about the virulence factors of this organism, and thus we have initiated studies to examine the bacterium's surface glycochemistry. We isolated lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from F. nucleatum strain 25586 and purified and performed structural analysis on the O-antigen polysaccharide...
January 9, 2017: Carbohydrate Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130028/a-domestic-porcine-model-for-studying-the-effects-of-radiation-on-head-and-neck-cancers
#17
Christoph R Arnold, Frank Kloss, Sarvpreet Singh, Danijela Vasiljevic, Robert Stigler, Thomas Auberger, Volker Wenzel, Günter Klima, Peter Lukas, Günter Lepperdinger, Robert Gassner
BACKGROUND: Radiation therapy (RT) of the head and neck region is often accompanied by serious side effects. Research in this area is needed to improve treatment outcomes and ameliorate therapy tolerance. Laboratory rodents are barely matching today's clinical standards in RT research. Yet domestic swine (Sus scrofa domestica) have previously proved suitable for various advanced tests in clinical research and training. We therefore investigated whether S. scrofa domestica is also appropriate for irradiation of the mandible...
December 7, 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124157/impact-of-the-microbiota-and-gastric-disease-development-by-helicobacter-pylori
#18
Teresa Alarcón, Laura Llorca, Guillermo Perez-Perez
Microorganisms in humans form complex communities with important functions and differences in each part of the body. The stomach was considered to be a sterile organ until the discovery of Helicobacter pylori, but nowadays, it is possible to demonstrate that other microorganisms beyond H. pylori can colonize the gastric mucosa and that the diverse microbiota ecosystem of the stomach is different from the mouth and the esophagus, and also from the small intestine and large intestine. H. pylori seems to be the most important member of the gastric microbiota with the highest relative abundance when present, but when it is absent, the stomach has a diverse microbiota...
2017: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107324/symptom-burden-experiences-of-puerto-rican-men-with-prostate-cancer-prior-to-external-beam-radiation-therapy
#19
Velda J Gonzalez, Susan C McMillan, Maureen Groer, Segundo Imbert, Elsa Pedro, Jamie Tome
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in men in Puerto Rico, and external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) is a popular treatment. Although symptom management is a clinical priority of comprehensive oncology care, symptom assessment at the time of primary or adjuvant EBRT has received limited attention. OBJECTIVES: This article examines the prevalence and severity of symptoms experienced by 54 Puerto Rican men prior to EBRT. METHODS: Participants completed a demographic form and the MD Anderson Symptom Inventory...
1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095728/dental-prophylaxis-and-osteoradionecrosis
#20
C T Chang, S P Liu, C H Muo, C H Tsai, Y F Huang
The aim of this study was to investigate the association of different dental prophylactic modalities and osteoradionecrosis (ORN) and determine the risk of ORN under different timing periods of scaling, with the use chlorhexidine mouth rinse after surgery and with different strategies of fluoride gel application in head and neck cancer (HNC) participants. A cohort of 18,231 HNC participants, including 941 ORN patients and 17,290 matched control cases, were enrolled from a Longitudinal Health Insurance Database for Catastrophic Illness Patients (LHID-CIP) in Taiwan...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
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