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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531452/the-effect-of-glutamine-and-arginine-enriched-nutritional-support-on-quality-of-life-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-treated-with-imrt
#1
Sezin Yuce Sari, Gozde Yazici, Deniz Yuce, Erdem Karabulut, Mustafa Cengiz, Gokhan Ozyigit
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Oral mucositis and esophagitis are common acute toxicities of radiotherapy (RT) for head and neck cancer (HNC). In order to decrease the rates of these toxicities, we compared quality of life in HNC patients that did and did not receive a glutamine and arginine-enriched solution (GAES) during RT. METHODS: A total of 29 patients received intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT); 15 used GAES b.i.d. during the treatment, and a matched cohort of 14 patients did not...
December 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527427/photothermal-therapy-using-folate-conjugated-gold-nanoparticles-enhances-the-effects-of-6mv-x-ray-on-mouth-epidermal-carcinoma-cells
#2
Ali Neshastehriz, Mousa Tabei, Shayan Maleki, Samira Eynali, Ali Shakeri-Zadeh
The aim of this study was to develop an optimized method for preparation of folate conjugated gold nanoparticles (F-AuNPs) and to investigate its cytotoxic effects and cell apoptosis in combination with photothermal therapy (PTT) and radiotherapy (RT) for the treatment of mouth epidermal carcinoma cells KB. For this purpose, cells were treated with synthesized F-AuNPs at different concentrations for 6h and then irradiated them with laser beam (532nm, 0.5W/cm(2), 15min). After photothermal therapy, the cells were exposed to 6MV X-ray with a single dose of 2Gy...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526903/compartmental-tongue-resection-with-submental-island-flap-reconstruction-for-large-carcinoma-of-the-oral-tongue
#3
Sameh Roshdy, Mohamed Elbadrawy, Ashraf Khater, Tamer Fady, Hend A El-Hadaad, Nazem Shams, Hany M Elbarbary
BACKGROUND: Tongue resection is a surgical challenge because of its adverse effects on language articulation, swallowing, respiration, the eventual quality of life, and poor prognosis of advanced disease. To date, the currently accepted standard treatment has been based on excision of the primary lesion with a 1.5-2-cm circumferential macroscopic margin. Compartmental tongue surgery (CTS) is a surgical technique that removes an anatomo-functional compartment containing the primary tumor...
May 19, 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521875/exome-sequencing-reveals-a-de-novo-pold1-mutation-causing-phenotypic-variability-in-mandibular-hypoplasia-deafness-progeroid-features-and-lipodystrophy-syndrome-mdpl
#4
Sahar Elouej, Ana Beleza-Meireles, Richard Caswell, Kevin Colclough, Sian Ellard, Jean Pierre Desvignes, Christophe Béroud, Nicolas Lévy, Shehla Mohammed, Annachiara De Sandre-Giovannoli
BACKGROUND: Mandibular hypoplasia, deafness, progeroid features, and lipodystrophy syndrome (MDPL) is an autosomal dominant systemic disorder characterized by prominent loss of subcutaneous fat, a characteristic facial appearance and metabolic abnormalities. This syndrome is caused by heterozygous de novo mutations in the POLD1 gene. To date, 19 patients with MDPL have been reported in the literature and among them 14 patients have been characterized at the molecular level. Twelve unrelated patients carried a recurrent in-frame deletion of a single codon (p...
June 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521063/effective-message-elements-for-disclosures-about-chemicals-in-cigarette-smoke
#5
Dannielle E Kelley, Marcella H Boynton, Seth M Noar, Jennifer C Morgan, Jennifer R Mendel, Kurt M Ribisl, Irina Stepanov, Leena A Nylander-French, Noel T Brewer
Introduction: Cigarette smoke contains at least 93 chemicals or "constituents" that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has identified as harmful or potentially harmful to human health. Our study sought to identify which constituent disclosure message elements are most effective in discouraging people from smoking. Methods: Three hundred eighty-eight current smokers ages 18 and older completed an online survey in February 2015. We randomized participants to respond to one of two sets of 13 toxic products that contain cigarette constituents and 25 health effects associated with cigarette constituents...
May 17, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500741/mouth-examination-performance-by-children-s-parents-and-by-adolescents-in-fanconi-anemia
#6
Allana Pivovar, Camila Pinheiro Furquim, Carmem Bonfim, Cassius Carvalho Torres-Pereira
BACKGROUND: Fanconi anemia (FA) is a rare genetic syndrome characterized by increased risk of developing malignant neoplasms, particularly oral squamous cell carcinoma. This study aims to ascertain the extent to which adolescents and guardians/parents of children with FA are aware of their oral cancer risks and assess their ability to perform mouth examination (ME). PROCEDURE: A cross-sectional study was conducted among patients with FA (between 6 and 16 years) and their parents...
May 13, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499805/differentiating-131-i-radiation-sialadenitis-from-autoimmune-sj%C3%A3-gren-syndrome-sialadenitis-case-report
#7
Louis Mandel, Loren Wissner Greene
Radioactive iodine ((131)I) is used effectively for the treatment of differentiated thyroid cancers. Because it is actively secreted by the salivary glands, radiation damage to these glands can occur. Obstructive swellings after mealtime salivary stimulation are common occurrences. Dry mouth is not usually seen if low doses of (131)I are used. A subjective complaint of xerostomia in a patient treated with (131)I 75.8 mCi proved to be related to the simultaneous presence of Sjögren syndrome (SS). Serologic, histologic, scintigraphic, and salivary volume findings and the patient's subjective complaints served to establish the pre-existence of SS...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494850/efficacy-of-a-traditional-persian-medicine-preparation-for-radiation-induced-xerostomia-a-randomized-open-label-active-controlled-trial
#8
Ghazaleh Heydarirad, Hossein Rezaeizadeh, Rasool Choopani, Seyed Hamdollah Mosavat, Ahmad Ameri
BACKGROUND: Xerostomia is one of the most common side effects of radiation therapy among patients with head and neck cancers (HNC). However, conventional medicine lacks an effective treatment for radiation-induced xerostomia. OBJECTIVE: Synthesizing the traditional use of Alcea digitata and Malva sylvestris with their known beneficial effects from recent studies, we evaluated the efficacy of the herbs in the quality of life (QOL) of HNC patients with radiation-induced xerostomia...
May 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492904/screening-for-thyroid-cancer-updated-evidence-report-and-systematic-review-for-the-us-preventive-services-task-force
#9
Jennifer S Lin, Erin J Aiello Bowles, Selvi B Williams, Caitlin C Morrison
Importance: The incidence of detected thyroid cancer cases has been increasing in the United States since 1975. The majority of thyroid cancers are differentiated cancers with excellent prognosis and long-term survival. Objective: To systematically review the benefits and harms associated with thyroid cancer screening and treatment of early thyroid cancer in asymptomatic adults to inform the US Preventive Services Task Force. Data Sources: Searches of MEDLINE, PubMed, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials for relevant studies published from January 1966 through January 2016, with active surveillance through December 2016...
May 9, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486965/site-specific-gene-expression-patterns-in-oral-cancer
#10
Gesche Frohwitter, Horst Buerger, Eberhard Korsching, Paul J van Diest, Johannes Kleinheinz, Thomas Fillies
BACKGROUND: Squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) are the most prevalent malignant tumours within the head and neck. Evidence exists that distinct genes are differentially regulated in SCCs of the oral cavity compared to other head and neck regions. Given this background, the aim of this study was to investigate whether such tumour site-specific gene expression can also be observed in different localizations within the oral cavity. METHODS: Using tissue microarrays (TMAs), we investigated 76 SCCs of the floor of the mouth, 49 SCCs of the tongue and 68 SCCs of other anatomic regions within the oral cavity...
May 10, 2017: Head & Face Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484606/an-agent-based-model-of-anoikis-in-the-colon-crypt-displays-novel-emergent-behaviour-consistent-with-biological-observations
#11
Tim Ingham-Dempster, Dawn C Walker, Bernard M Corfe
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major cause of cancer mortality. Colon crypts are multi-cellular flask-shaped invaginations of the colonic epithelium, with stem cells at their base which support the continual turnover of the epithelium with loss of cells by anoikis from the flat mucosa. Mutations in these stem cells can become embedded in the crypts, a process that is strongly implicated in CRC initiation. We describe a computational model which includes novel features, including an accurate representation of the geometry of the crypt mouth...
April 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480229/prevalence-and-transmission-of-beta-and-gamma-human-papillomavirus-in-heterosexual-couples
#12
Anna-Barbara Moscicki, Yifei Ma, Tarik Gheit, Sandrine McKay-Chopin, Sepideh Farhat, Lea E Widdice, Massimo Tommasino
BACKGROUND: Beta (β) and gamma (γ) human papillomavirus (HPV) are commonly found on the skin. Few of the β types are associated with nonmelanoma skin cancer. Little is known about transmission patterns of these HPV, specifically in the anogenital (AG) areas. The primary objective of this study was to examine the AG concordance and transmission of β and γHPV types between heterosexual couples. METHODS: Archival samples from a previously published study examining concordance of alpha HPV types between couples were tested for β and γHPV...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476132/efficacy-and-safety-of-rebamipide-liquid-for-chemoradiotherapy-induced-oral-mucositis-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-a-multicenter-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-parallel-group-phase-ii-study
#13
T Yokota, T Ogawa, S Takahashi, K Okami, T Fujii, K Tanaka, S Iwae, I Ota, T Ueda, N Monden, K Matsuura, H Kojima, S Ueda, K Sasaki, Y Fujimoto, Y Hasegawa, T Beppu, H Nishimori, S Hirano, Y Naka, Y Matsushima, M Fujii, M Tahara
BACKGROUND: Recent preclinical and phase I studies have reported that rebamipide decreased the severity of chemoradiotherapy-induced oral mucositis in patients with oral cancer. This placebo-controlled randomized phase II study assessed the clinical benefit of rebamipide in reducing the incidence of severe chemoradiotherapy-induced oral mucositis in patients with head and neck cancer (HNC). METHODS: Patients aged 20-75 years with HNC who were scheduled to receive chemoradiotherapy were enrolled...
May 5, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463432/temporal-patterns-of-patient-reported-trismus-and-associated-mouth-opening-distances-in-radiotherapy-for-head-and-neck-cancer-a-prospective-cohort-study
#14
Maria Thor, Caroline E Olsson, Jung Hun Oh, Johanna Hedström, Nina Pauli, Mia Johansson, Joseph O Deasy, Caterina Finizia
OBJECTIVES: To identify temporal patterns of patient-reported trismus during the first year post-radiotherapy, and to study their associations with maximal interincisal opening distances (MIOs). DESIGN: Single institution case series. SETTING: University hospital ENT clinic. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred ninety six subjects who received radiotherapy (RT) for head and neck cancer (HNC) with or without chemotherapy in 2007-2012 to total dose of 64...
April 30, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456449/incidence-of-salivary-side-effects-after-radioiodine-treatment-using-a-new-specifically-designed-questionnaire
#15
E Moreddu, K Baumstarck-Barrau, S Gabriel, N Fakhry, F Sebag, O Mundler, C Chossegros, D Taïeb
Sialadenitis is one of the common complications of radioiodine treatment for thyroid malignancy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of radioiodine-induced sialadenitis and other side effects by using a self-administered questionnaire. From 1 January 2011 to 31 December 2012 all consecutive patients with a newly-established diagnosis of thyroid cancer who were treated with adjuvant radioiodine at La Timone University Hospital were sent a self-administered questionnaire on salivary complaints that had been specifically designed for this study...
April 26, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440859/sonographic-detection-of-a-lingual-node-metastasis-from-early-squamous-cell-cancer-of-the-tongue
#16
Naoki Nishio, Yasushi Fujimoto, Mariko Hiramatsu, Yoko Yamamoto, Michihiko Sone
Lingual node metastasis from early-stage squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue is uncommon and difficult to detect. We present a case of a lingual lymph node metastasis from an early tongue cancer. Sonography demonstrated a small nonpalpable lingual node on the floor of the mouth. The patient underwent complete surgical resection and had no evidence of recurrence 5 years later. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Clin Ultrasound, 2017.
April 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439324/contemporary-diagnostic-imaging-of-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-review-of-literature
#17
REVIEW
Paulina Pałasz, Łukasz Adamski, Magdalena Górska-Chrząstek, Anna Starzyńska, Michał Studniarek
Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the most common cancer of the oral cavity and constitutes 95% of all cancers of this area. Men are affected twice as commonly as women, primarily if they are over 50 years of age. Forty percent of the lesions are localized in the tongue and 30% in the floor of the oral cavity. OSCC often affects upper and lower gingiva, buccal mucous membrane, the retromolar triangle and the palate. The prognosis is poor and the five-year survival rate ranges from 20% (OSCC in the floor of the mouth) to 60% (OSCC in the alveolar part of the mandible)...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436606/early-and-late-adverse-effects-of-radioiodine-for-pediatric-differentiated-thyroid-cancer
#18
Domenico Albano, Francesco Bertagna, Maria Beatrice Panarotto, Raffaele Giubbini
BACKGROUND: Radioiodine-131 (I131) therapy for differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) is generally a safe and effective treatment, but it has some potential side effects, which have been well described in adults but less analyzed in children. Our aim was to describe early and late adverse events of radioactive I131 in pediatric patients. METHODS: All consecutive patients ≤18 years treated for DTC in the period 1980-2015 were retrospectively analyzed for early and late side effects of radioiodine...
April 24, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436479/effects-of-chinese-medicine-as-adjunct-medication-for-adjuvant-chemotherapy-treatments-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients
#19
Lijing Jiao, Changsheng Dong, Jiaxiang Liu, Zhiwei Chen, Lei Zhang, Jianfang Xu, Xiaoyong Shen, Jiaming Che, Yi Yang, Hai Huang, Hegen Li, Jianli Sun, Yi Jiang, Zhujun Mao, Peiqi Chen, Yabin Gong, Xiaolin Jin, Ling Xu
The aim was to evaluate the effects of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) as a combination medication with adjuvant chemotherapy on postoperative early stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. The 314 patients with completely resected stage IB, II or IIIA cancers were assigned into vinorelbine plus cisplatin/carboplatin (NP/NC) (control, n = 158) and NP/NC with additional TCM (intervention, n = 156) groups. The primary endpoint was QOL scores; secondary endpoints were the toxicity and safety of the regimens...
April 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431302/quality-of-life-in-survivors-of-oropharyngeal-cancer-a%C3%A2-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-1366-patients
#20
REVIEW
Sanne Høxbroe Michaelsen, Christian Grønhøj, Jacob Høxbroe Michaelsen, Jeppe Friborg, Christian von Buchwald
Human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) is rapidly increasing in incidence and has a favourable prognosis compared with HPV-negative disease. Current combined therapies include significant risks of morbidity for the growing group of survivors. This systematic review and meta-analysis investigates how treatment affects quality of life (QoL) in survivors of oropharyngeal cancer. PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library were systematically searched for all studies reporting patient-assessed QoL at least 1 year after treatment for OPC...
June 2017: European Journal of Cancer
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