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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095352/the-relationship-of-rel-proto-oncogene-to-pathobiology-and-chemoresistance-in-follicular-and-transformed-follicular-lymphoma
#1
Xiaozhou Hu, Esra Baytak, Jinnan Li, Burcu Akman, Kaan Okay, Genfu Hu, Anna Scuto, Wenyan Zhang, Can Küçük
Follicular lymphoma (FL) is a common type of indolent lymphoma that occasionally transforms to more aggressive B-cell lymphomas. These transformed follicular lymphomas (tFL) are often associated with chemoresistance whose mechanisms are currently unknown. REL, a proto-oncogene located on frequently amplified 2p16.1-p15 locus, promotes tumorigenesis in many cancer types through deregulation of the NF-κB pathway; however, its role in FL pathobiology or chemoresistance has not been addressed. Here, we evaluated REL gene copy number by q-PCR on FFPE FL tumor samples, and observed REL amplification in 30...
January 9, 2017: Leukemia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088512/ros1-fusions-rarely-overlap-with-other-oncogenic-drivers-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#2
Jessica J Lin, Lauren L Ritterhouse, Siraj M Ali, Mark Bailey, Alexa B Schrock, Justin F Gainor, Lorin A Ferris, Mari Mino-Kenudson, Vincent A Miller, Anthony J Iafrate, Jochen K Lennerz, Alice T Shaw
INTRODUCTION: Chromosomal rearrangements involving the ROS proto-oncogene 1 receptor tyrosine kinase gene (ROS1) define a distinct molecular subset of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with sensitivity to ROS1 inhibitors. Recent reports have suggested a significant overlap between ROS1 fusions and other oncogenic driver alterations, including mutations in epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and KRAS proto-oncogene (KRAS). METHODS: We identified patients at our institution with ROS1-rearranged NSCLC who had undergone testing for genetic alterations in additional oncogenes, including EGFR, KRAS, and anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087778/no-evidence-for-phylostratigraphic-bias-impacting-inferences-on-patterns-of-gene-emergence-and-evolution
#3
Tomislav Domazet-Lošo, Anne-Ruxandra Carvunis, M Mar Albà, Martin Sebastijan Šestak, Robert Bakarić, Rafik Neme, Diethard Tautz
Phylostratigraphy is a computational framework for dating the emergence of DNA and protein sequences in a phylogeny. It has been extensively applied to make inferences on patterns of genome evolution, including patterns of disease gene evolution, ontogeny and de novo gene origination. Phylostratigraphy typically relies on BLAST searches along a species tree, but new simulation studies have raised concerns about the ability of BLAST to detect remote homologues and its impact on phylostratigraphic inferences...
January 12, 2017: Molecular Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087768/the-rice-paradox-multiple-origins-but-single-domestication-in-asian-rice
#4
Jae Young Choi, Adrian E Platts, Dorian Q Fuller, Yue-Ie Hsing, Rod A Wing, Michael D Purugganan
The origin of domesticated Asian rice (Oryza sativa) has been a contentious topic, with conflicting evidence for either single or multiple domestication of this key crop species. We examined the evolutionary history of domesticated rice by analyzing de novo assembled genomes from domesticated rice and its wild progenitors. Our results indicate multiple origins, where each domesticated rice subpopulation (japonica, indica, and aus) arose separately from progenitor O. rufipogon and/or O. nivara Coalescence-based modeling of demographic parameters estimate that the first domesticated rice population to split off from O...
January 12, 2017: Molecular Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079752/changes-in-dorsal-root-ganglion-gene-expression-in-response-to-spinal-cord-stimulation
#5
Dana M Tilley, David L Cedeño, Courtney A Kelley, Margaret DeMaegd, Ramsin Benyamin, Ricardo Vallejo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) has been shown to influence pain-related genes in the spinal cord directly under the stimulating electrodes. There is limited information regarding changes occurring at the dorsal root ganglion (DRG). This study evaluates gene expression in the DRG in response to SCS therapy. METHODS: Rats were randomized into experimental or control groups (n = 6 per group). Experimental animals underwent spared-nerve injury, implantation of lead, and continuous SCS (72 hours)...
January 11, 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069035/fbw7-regulates-apoptosis-in-activated-b-cell-like-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-by-targeting-stat3-for-ubiquitylation-and-degradation
#6
Su Yao, Fangping Xu, Yu Chen, Yan Ge, Fen Zhang, Huijie Huang, Li Li, Danyi Lin, Xinlan Luo, Jie Xu, Donglan Luo, Xiaolan Zhu, Yanhui Liu
BACKGROUND: The ubiquitin-ligase Fbw7 acts as a tumor suppressor, targeting lots of proto-oncogenes for proteolysis. However, the exact role of Fbw7 in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) development remains unclear. METHODS: We evaluated Fbw7 expression in patient samples of DLBCL using immunohistochemical staining. The effect of Fbw7 overexpression on cell viability and apoptosis was investigated using activated B-cell (ABC) like DLBCL cell lines. The mechanism of Fbw7 activity in DLBCL was investigated using immunoprecipitation, ubiquitination, western blot and qualitative analyses...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059167/splicing-imbalances-in-basal-like-breast-cancer-underpin-perturbation-of-cell-surface-and-oncogenic-pathways-and-are-associated-with-patients-survival
#7
Filipe Gracio, Brian Burford, Patrycja Gazinska, Anca Mera, Aisyah Mohd Noor, Pierfrancesco Marra, Cheryl Gillett, Anita Grigoriadis, Sarah Pinder, Andrew Tutt, Emanuele de Rinaldis
Despite advancements in the use of transcriptional information to understand and classify breast cancers, the contribution of splicing to the establishment and progression of these tumours has only recently starting to emerge. Our work explores this lesser known landscape, with special focus on the basal-like breast cancer subtype where limited therapeutic opportunities and no prognostic biomarkers are currently available. Using ExonArray analysis of 176 breast cancers and 9 normal breast tissues we demonstrate that splicing levels significantly contribute to the diversity of breast cancer molecular subtypes and explain much of the differences compared with normal tissues...
January 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050800/micro-rna-204-participates-in-tmprss2-erg-regulation-and-androgen-receptor-reprogramming-in-prostate-cancer
#8
Krassimira Todorova, Metodi V Metodiev, Gergana Metodieva, Milcho Mincheff, Nelson Fernández, Soren Hayrabedyan
Cancer progression is driven by genome instability incurred rearrangements such as transmembrane protease, serine 2 (TMPRSS2)/v-ets erythroblastosis virus E26 oncogene (ERG) that could possibly turn some of the tumor suppressor micro-RNAs into pro-oncogenic ones. Previously, we found dualistic miR-204 effects, acting either as a tumor suppressor or as an oncomiR in ERG fusion-dependent manner. Here, we provided further evidence for an important role of miR-204 for TMPRSS2/ERG and androgen receptor (AR) signaling modulation and fine tuning that prevents TMPRSS2/ERG overexpression in prostate cancer...
January 3, 2017: Hormones & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049521/analysis-of-cellular-and-molecular-antitumor-effects-upon-inhibition-of-satb1-in-glioblastoma-cells
#9
Anja Frömberg, Michael Rabe, Henry Oppermann, Frank Gaunitz, Achim Aigner
BACKGROUND: The Special AT-rich Sequence Binding Protein 1 (SATB1) regulates the expression of many genes by acting as a global chromatin organizer. While in many tumor entities SATB1 overexpression has been observed and connected to pro-tumorigenic processes, somewhat contradictory evidence exists in brain tumors with regard to SATB1 overexpression in glioblastoma and its association with poorer prognosis and tumor progression. On the functional side, initial data indicate that SATB1 may be involved in several tumor cell-relevant processes...
January 3, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042533/a-brief-review-on-the-molecular-basis-of-medullary-tyroid-carcinoma
#10
REVIEW
Masoumeh Mohammadi, Mehdi Hedayati
Approximately 5-10% of all thyroid cancers are medullary thyroid carcinomas (MTC). MTC is mainly sporadic in nature, but 20-30% of cases are hereditary. Genetic testing for hereditary MTC is very important for the patient and his family, but the patients must be receiving appropriate genetic counseling. About 98% of patients with hereditary MTC have germline mutations in exons 10, 11, 13, 14, 15, 16 and intron 16 of the REarrangement during transfection (RET) proto-oncogene, but the etiology of the more frequent sporadic form of MTC (sMTC) is not well understood...
2017: Cell Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039456/microrna-1908-5p-contributes-to-the-oncogenic-function-of-the-splicing-factor-srsf3
#11
Hye Ree Kim, Chang Hoon Shin, Hong Lee, Kyung Hee Choi, Do-Hyun Nam, Takbum Ohn, Hyeon Ho Kim
Serine/arginine (SR)-rich proteins that contain RS domains and SR repeats have diverse cellular functions including transcription, polyadenylation, translation, and RNA export. The splicing factor SRSF3, also termed SRp20, is the smallest member of the SR protein family and is a known proto-oncogene. Although it is implicated in the malignant phenotypes of various cancer cells, the molecular mechanism underlying SRSF3-mediated cancer progression is still obscure. We investigated here the oncogenic functions of SRSF3 in osteosarcoma U2OS cells...
December 26, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035529/hereditary-retinal-dystrophy
#12
Thomas C Hohman
As our understanding of the genetic basis for inherited retinal disease has expanded, gene therapy has advanced into clinical development. When the gene mutations associated with inherited retinal dystrophies were identified, it became possible to create animal models in which individual gene were altered to match the human mutations. The retina of these animals were then characterized to assess whether the mutated genes produced retinal phenotypes characteristic of disease-affected patients. Following the identification of a subpopulation of patients with the affected gene and the development of techniques for the viral gene transduction of retinal cells, it has become possible to deliver a copy of the normal gene into the retinal sites of the mutated genes...
December 30, 2016: Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034876/an-indel-polymorphism-within-pre-mir3131-confers-risk-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#13
Chaoqun Wang, Lijuan Li, Zhixia Yin, Qing Zhang, Hua Zhao, Ruiyang Tao, Shouyu Wang, Shuxiang Hu, Yan He, Dayong Wang, Chengtao Li, Suhua Zhang, Jiejie Xu, Xinghong Jiang, Shaohua Zhu, Yuzhen Gao
Polymorphisms in pre-miRNAs may affect its expression, then have effect on its target mRNAs and be associated with cancer susceptibility. In this study, we evaluated the association of an indel polymorphism rs57408770 in pre-miR-3131 with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) susceptibility in a Chinese population. The contribution of rs57408770 to HCC risk was investigated in two independent case-control sets (1051 HCC and 1058 controls). Logistic regression analysis showed that the insertion allele of rs57408770 was significantly associated with an increased risk for HCC occurrence in both case-control studies...
December 29, 2016: Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032193/analysis-of-microrna-expression-profile-in-specific-pathogen-free-chickens-in-response-to-reticuloendotheliosis-virus-infection
#14
Zhiqiang Yu, Xueli Gao, Chaonan Liu, Xiaoping Lv, Shimin Zheng
Reticuloendotheliosis virus (REV) is an avian retrovirus that causes immunosuppression, growth retardation, and oncogenesis in a variety of birds. REV infection is epidemic in many countries. In this study, we used high-throughput sequencing to identify microRNAs (miRNAs) associated with REV infection. A total of 88 differentially expressed miRNAs were identified in samples collected on days 21 and 28 post-REV infection. Possible target genes of the differentially expressed miRNAs were analyzed. We observed that expression of proapoptotic, proto-oncogene, and carcinogenic cytokine mRNAs was highly upregulated, whereas expression of antiapoptotic cytokine mRNAs was significantly downregulated...
December 28, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028512/effect-of-teicoplanin-on-the-expression-of-c-myc-and-c-fos-proto-oncogenes-in-mcf-7-breast-cancer-cell-line
#15
Saeideh Ashouri, Maryam Hosseindokht Khujin, Mohammad Kazemi, Majid Kheirollahi
BACKGROUND: Teicoplanin is a member of vancomycin-ristocetin family of glycopeptide antibiotics. It mediated wound healing by increasing neovascularization possibly through activation of MAP kinase signaling pathway. The aim of this study is an evaluation of c-myc and c-fos genes expression after treatment of cells by teicoplanin and determines whether this glycopeptide antibiotic exerts its proliferation effects by influencing the expression of these genes. Hence, this study was designed to elucidate one possible mechanism underlying teicoplanin effects on cell proliferation using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027064/novel-pathogenic-variant-in-the-hras-gene-with-lethal-outcome-and-a-broad-phenotypic-spectrum-among-polish-patients-with-costello-syndrome
#16
Magdalena Pelc, Elżbieta Ciara, Aleksandra Jezela-Stanek, Monika Kugaudo, Agata Cieślikowska, Dorota Jurkiewicz, Magdalena Janeczko, Krystyna Chrzanowska, Małgorzata Krajewska-Walasek, Agata Skórka
Costello syndrome (CS) is a rare congenital disorder from the group of RASopathies, characterized by a distinctive facial appearance, failure to thrive, cardiac and skin anomalies, intellectual disability, and a predisposition to neoplasia. CS is associated with germline mutations in the proto-oncogene HRAS, a small GTPase from the Ras family. In this study, a molecular and clinical analysis was carried out in eight Polish patients with the Costello phenotype. A molecular test showed two known heterozygous mutations in the first coding exon of the gene in seven patients: p...
December 23, 2016: Clinical Dysmorphology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026870/vulvar-and-vaginal-melanoma-a-unique-subclass-of-mucosal-melanoma-based-on-a-comprehensive-molecular-analysis-of-51-cases-compared-with-2253-cases-of-nongynecologic-melanoma
#17
June Y Hou, Caitlin Baptiste, Radhika Bangalore Hombalegowda, Ana I Tergas, Rebecca Feldman, Nathaniel L Jones, Sudeshna Chatterjee-Paer, Ama Bus-Kwolfski, Jason D Wright, William M Burke
BACKGROUND: Optimal treatments for vulvar and vaginal melanomas (VVMs) have not been identified. Herein, the authors compare molecular profiles between VVM and nongynecologic melanoma (NGM) subtypes with the objective of identifying novel, targetable biomarkers. METHODS: In total, 2304 samples of malignant melanoma that were submitted to Caris Life Sciences between 2009 and 2015 were reviewed. In situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry were used to assess copy numbers and protein expression of selected genes...
December 27, 2016: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024701/a-comprehensive-analysis-of-clinical-outcomes-in-lung-cancer-patients-harboring-a-met-exon-14-skipping-mutation-compared-to-other-driver-mutations-in-an-east-asian-population
#18
Chien-Hung Gow, Min-Shu Hsieh, Shang-Gin Wu, Jin-Yuan Shih
INTRODUCTION: Recurrent somatic splice-site alterations at MET exon 14 (MET(Δ14)), which result in exon skipping and MET proto-oncogene, receptor tyrosine kinase (MET) activation, have been characterised. However, their demographic features and clinical outcomes in East Asian lung cancer patients have yet to be determined. METHODS: A one-step reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), using RNA samples from 850 East Asian lung cancer patients, was performed in order to detect MET(Δ14) and five other major driver mutations, including those in the EGFR, KRAS, ALK, HER2, and ROS1 genes...
January 2017: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008178/novel-inhibition-of-pim2-kinase-has-significant-anti-tumor-efficacy-in-multiple-myeloma
#19
J R Nair, J Caserta, K Belko, T Howell, G Fetterly, C Baldino, K P Lee
The PIM kinase family (PIM1, 2 and 3) play a central role in integrating growth and survival signals, and are expressed in a wide range of solid and hematological malignancies. We now confirm that PIM2 is overexpressed in multiple myeloma (MM) patients, and within MM group it is overexpressed in the high-risk MF subset (activation of proto-oncogenes MAF/MAFB). This is consistent with our finding of PIM2's role in key signaling pathways (IL-6, CD28 activation) that confer chemotherapy resistance in MM cells...
December 23, 2016: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006055/association-of-dna-mismatch-repair-and-mutations-in-braf-and-kras-with-survival-after-recurrence-in-stage-iii-colon-cancers-a-secondary-analysis-of-2-randomized-clinical-trials
#20
Frank A Sinicrope, Qian Shi, Carmen J Allegra, Thomas C Smyrk, Stephen N Thibodeau, Richard M Goldberg, Jeffrey P Meyers, Kay L Pogue-Geile, Greg Yothers, Daniel J Sargent, Steven R Alberts
Importance: The association of biomarkers with patient survival after recurrence (SAR) of cancer is poorly understood but may guide management and treatment. Objective: To determine the association of DNA mismatch repair (MMR) status and somatic mutation in the B-Raf proto-oncogene (c.1799T>A [V600E]; BRAFV600E) or exon 2 of the KRAS proto-oncogene (KRAS) in the primary tumor with SAR in patients with stage III colon carcinomas treated with adjuvant chemotherapy...
December 22, 2016: JAMA Oncology
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