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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332592/construction-of-an-m1gs-ribozyme-for-targeted-and-rapid-mrna-cleavage-application-on-the-ets-2-oncogene
#1
Chrisavgi Toumpeki, Dimitrios Anastasakis, Ioannis Panagoulias, Vassiliki Stamatopoulou, Tassos Georgakopoulos, Sofia Kallia-Raftopoulos, Athanasia Mouzaki, Denis Drainas
Background RNase P-mediated cleavage of target RNAs has been proposed as a promising tool for gene silencing. Ets-2 proto-oncogene controls the expression of a wide variety of genes involved in cancer and immunity. Objective Construction of a functional RNase P-based ribozyme (M1GS303) that targets Ets-2 mRNA Method The accessible sites for targeting of Ets-2 mRNA were identified by footprinting analysis. M1GS303 ribozyme was constructed by cloning. The activity of the ribozyme in the presence or absence of spiramysin in E...
January 11, 2018: Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328472/combined-analysis-of-gene-expression-and-genome-binding-profiles-identified-potential-therapeutic-targets-of-ciclopirox-in-ewing-sarcoma
#2
Baisheng Yuan, Wei Ji, Haipeng Xia, Jianmin Li
Ciclopirox (CPX) is a synthetic antifungal drug that is mainly used to treat dermatomycoses. The aim of the present study was to determine whether CPX could influence Ewing sarcoma progression. The present study suggested that CPX treatment may inhibit Ewing sarcoma (ES) progression through Ewing sarcoma breakpoint region 1‑Friend leukemia integration 1 (EWS‑FLI1), a common fusion transcript structure in patients with ES. To determine the underlying mechanisms of ES progression, cross analysis was conducted on three high‑throughput genome or transcript me datasets from the Gene Expression Omnibus...
January 10, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328455/role-of-mir-21-in-the-growth-and-metastasis-of-human-salivary-adenoid-cystic-carcinoma
#3
Fei Yan, Chao Wang, Ting Li, Wenyan Cai, Jinhu Sun
Aberrant microRNA (miRNA/miR) expression has been reported in various cancer types. miR‑21, which is considered to be a proto-oncogene and is frequently overexpressed in certain cancer types, has been implicated in tumorigenesis. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of miR‑21 degradation on tumor progression and its potential mechanisms in human salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma (SACC) development. Results of reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis indicated that SACC cells with high metastatic potential (SACC‑LM cells) exhibited a significantly higher expression of miR‑21 compared with SACC cells with a lower metastatic potential (SACC‑83 cells)...
January 5, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328431/bioinformatic-analysis-of-gene-expression-profiling-of-intracranial-aneurysm
#4
Lijuan Bo, Bo Wei, Zhanfeng Wang, Chaohui Li, Zheng Gao, Zhuang Miao
Intracranial aneurysm (IA) is a severe clinical condition of primary concern and currently, there is no effective therapeutic reagent. The present study aimed to investigate the molecular mechanism of IA via bioinformatic analysis. Various gene expression profiles (GSE26969) were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database, including 3 IA and 3 normal superficial temporal artery samples. Firstly, the limma package in R language was used to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs; P‑value <0...
December 29, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328377/feature-genes-in-metastatic-breast-cancer-identified-by-metade-and-svm-classifier-methods
#5
Youlin Tuo, Ning An, Ming Zhang
The aim of the present study was to investigate the feature genes in metastatic breast cancer samples. A total of 5 expression profiles of metastatic breast cancer samples were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database, which were then analyzed using the MetaQC and MetaDE packages in R language. The feature genes between metastasis and non‑metastasis samples were screened under the threshold of P<0.05. Based on the protein‑protein interactions (PPIs) in the Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets, Human Protein Reference Database and Biomolecular Interaction Network Database, the PPI network of the feature genes was constructed...
January 9, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323058/assessment-of-topoisomerase-ii-alpha-gene-status-by-dual-color-chromogenic-in-situ-hybridization-in-a-set-of-iraqi-patients-with-invasive-breast-carcinoma
#6
Rasha Abd Alraouf Neama, Manal A Habib, Sahira A Ali, Ali H Al-Khafaji, Mohammed F Alqanbar
BACKGROUND: The human epidermal growth factor receptor 2(HER2) proto-oncogene is overexpressed or amplified in approximately 15%-25% of invasive breast cancers. Approximately 35% of HER2-amplified breast cancers have coamplification of the topoisomerase II-alpha (TOP2A) gene encoding an enzyme that is a major target of anthracyclines. Hence, the determination of genetic alteration (amplification or deletion) of both genes is considered as an important predictive factor that determines the response of breast cancer patients to treatment...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321817/enhanced-myc-association-with-the-nua4-histone-acetyltransferase-complex-mediated-by-the-adenovirus-e1a-n-terminal-domain-activates-a-subset-of-myc-target-genes-highly-expressed-in-cancer-cells
#7
Ling-Jun Zhao, Paul M Loewenstein, Maurice Green
The proto-oncogene MYC is a transcription factor over-expressed in many cancers and required for cell survival. Its function is regulated by histone acetyltransferase (HAT) complexes, such as the GCN5 complex and the NuA4/Tip60 complex. However, the roles of the HAT complexes during MYC function in cancer have not been well characterized. We recently showed that adenovirus E1A and its N-terminal 80 aa region, E1A 1-80, interact with the NuA4 complex, through the E1A TRRAP-targeting (ET) domain, and enhance MYC association with the NuA4 complex...
November 2017: Genes & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306014/the-special-at-rich-sequence-binding-protein-1-satb1-and-its-role-in-solid-tumors
#8
Anja Frömberg, Kurt Engeland, Achim Aigner
The Special AT-rich Sequence Binding Protein 1 (SATB1) exerts multiple functions, by influencing the structural organization of chromatin and interacting with several co-activators and co-repressors of transcription. Thus, SATB1 affects the expression of various genes by multiple mechanisms of action, involving three-dimensional chromatin architecture. More recently, SATB1 has been connected with solid tumors, tumorigenesis, tumor progression and tumor immunity. On the diagnostic side, SATB1 levels were found to correlate with clinicopathological features like increased TNM stage, reduced tumor differentiation, and a shorter overall survival...
January 3, 2018: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301348/modification-of-epigenetic-histone-acetylation-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#9
REVIEW
Kwei-Yan Liu, Li-Ting Wang, Shih-Hsien Hsu
Cells respond to various environmental factors such as nutrients, food intake, and drugs or toxins by undergoing dynamic epigenetic changes. An imbalance in dynamic epigenetic changes is one of the major causes of disease, oncogenic activities, and immunosuppressive effects. The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) is a unique cellular chemical sensor present in most organs, and its dysregulation has been demonstrated in multiple stages of tumor progression in humans and experimental models; however, the effects of the pathogenic mechanisms of AHR on epigenetic regulation remain unclear...
January 3, 2018: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298131/a-systematic-review-of-p53-regulation-of-oxidative-stress-in-skeletal-muscle
#10
Kaitlyn Beyfuss, David A Hood
BACKGROUND: p53 is a tumor suppressor protein involved in regulating a wide array of signaling pathways. The role of p53 in the cell is determined by the type of imposed oxidative stress, its intensity and duration. The last decade of research has unravelled a dual nature in the function of p53 in mediating the oxidative stress burden. However, this is dependent on the specific properties of the applied stress and thus requires further analysis. METHODS: A systematic review was performed following an electronic search of Pubmed, Google Scholar, and ScienceDirect databases...
January 3, 2018: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290256/uncommon-mutations-in-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-and-response-to-first-and-second-generation-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitors-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#11
REVIEW
Giulia Galli, Giulia Corrao, Martina Imbimbo, Claudia Proto, Diego Signorelli, Monica Ganzinelli, Nicoletta Zilembo, Milena Vitali, Filippo de Braud, Marina Chiara Garassino, Giuseppe Lo Russo
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is the most common driver gene involved in non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) growth, being found in approximately 10-15% of Caucasian and 40% of Asian patients. A wide variety of pathogenic mutations, deletions, insertions and duplications have been described in EGFR exons 18-21. The presence of the most common among them (e.g. exon 21 L851R and exon 19 deletions) is associated to response to first and second generation EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), which have demonstrated clear superiority over chemotherapy in terms of both progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in all treatment lines...
January 2018: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288363/targeting-lc3-and-beclin-1-autophagy-genes-suppresses-proliferation-survival-migration-and-invasion-by-inhibition-of-cyclin-d1-and-upar-integrin-%C3%AE-1-src-signaling-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer-cells
#12
Zuhal Hamurcu, Nesrin Delibaşı, Seda Geçene, Elif Funda Şener, Hamiyet Dönmez-Altuntaş, Yusuf Özkul, Halit Canatan, Bulent Ozpolat
Autophagy is a catabolic process for degrading dysfunctional proteins and organelles, and closely associated with cancer cell survival under therapeutic, metabolic stress, hypoxia, starvation and lack of growth factors, contributing to resistance to therapies. However, the role of autophagy in breast cancer cells is not well understood. In the present study, we investigated the role of autophagy in highly aggressive and metastatic triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) and non-metastatic breast cancer cells and demonstrated that the knockdown of autophagy-related genes (LC3 and Beclin-1) inhibited autophagy and significantly suppressed cell proliferation, colony formation, migration/invasion and induced apoptosis in MDA-MB-231 and BT-549 TNBC cells...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286132/ezh2-enhances-the-invasive-capability-of-renal-cell-carcinoma-cells-via-activation-of-stat3
#13
Dong Zhang, Xiao-Jie Yang, Qi-Dong Luo, De-Lai Fu, Hong-Liang Li, He-Cheng Li, Peng Zhang, Tie Chong
The enhancer of zeste 2 polycomb repressive complex 2 subunit (EZH2) gene has been recognized to be a proto‑oncogene and to be linked to human malignancies. However, the additional functions of EZH2 in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) are not completely understood. In the present study, a possible role of EZH2 in RCC was identified. EZH2 was demonstrated to promote the cell proliferation and invasion potential of 769‑P cells, and inhibition of EZH2 was demonstrated to prevent these two processes in 786‑O cells...
December 27, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286077/analysis-of-the-oncogene-braf-mutation-and-the-correlation-of-the-expression-of-wild-type-braf-and-creb1-in-endometriosis
#14
Xiao Lv, Danbo Wang, Yue Ma, Zaiqiu Long
B-Raf proto-oncogene, serine/threonine kinase (BRAF) has previously been identified as a candidate target gene in endometriosis. Wild-type and mutated BRAF serve important roles in different diseases. The aim of the present study was to explore BRAF mutation, the mRNA and protein expression of wild-type BRAF (wtBRAF) in endometriosis, and the association between the expression levels of wtBRAF and the predicted transcription factor cAMP responsive element binding protein 1 (CREB1). In the present study, BRAF mutation was detected using Sanger sequencing among 30 ectopic and matched eutopic endometrium samples of patients with endometriosis as well as 25 normal endometrium samples, and no BRAF mutation was detected in exons 11 or 15...
December 22, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285491/detection-of-met-amplification-in-gastroesophageal-tumor-specimens-using-iqfish
#15
Jan Trøst Jørgensen, Karsten Bork Nielsen, Jens Mollerup, Anna Jepsen, Ning Go
Background: The gene mesenchymal epithelial transition factor (MET) is a proto-oncogene that encodes a transmembrane receptor with intrinsic tyrosine kinase activity known as Met or cMet. MET is found to be amplified in several human cancers including gastroesophageal cancer. Methods: Here we report the MET amplification prevalence data from 159 consecutive tumor specimens from patients with gastric (G), gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) and esophageal (E) adenocarcinoma, using a novel fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) assay, MET/CEN-7 IQFISH Probe Mix [an investigational use only (IUO) assay]...
December 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277977/developmental-signature-synaptic-connectivity-and-neurotransmission-are-conserved-between-vertebrate-hair-cells-and-tunicate-coronal-cells
#16
Francesca Rigon, Fabio Gasparini, Sebastian M Shimeld, Simona Candiani, Lucia Manni
In tunicates, the coronal organ represents a sentinel checking particle entrance into the pharynx. The organ differentiates from an anterior embryonic area considered a proto-placode. For their embryonic origin, morphological features and function, coronal sensory cells have been hypothesized to be homologues to vertebrate hair cells. However, vertebrate hair cells derive from a posterior placode. This contradicts one of the principle historical criteria for homology, similarity of position, which could be taken as evidence against coronal cells/hair cells homology...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Comparative Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277773/effects-of-mertk-inhibitors-unc569-and-unc1062-on-the-growth-of-acute-myeloid-leukaemia-cells
#17
Yuki Koda, Mai Itoh, Shuji Tohda
BACKGROUND: MER proto-oncogene tyrosine kinase (MERTK) is a receptor tyrosine kinase that affects cancer cell proliferation. This study evaluated the effects of the synthetic MERTK inhibitors UNC569 and UNC1062 on in vitro growth of acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four AML cell lines expressing MERTK were treated with UNC569 and UNC1062 and analyzed for cell proliferation, immunoblotting, and gene expression. The effects of MERTK knockdown were also evaluated...
January 2018: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273779/reading-and-editing-the-pleurodeles-waltl-genome-reveals-novel-features-of-tetrapod-regeneration
#18
Ahmed Elewa, Heng Wang, Carlos Talavera-López, Alberto Joven, Gonçalo Brito, Anoop Kumar, L Shahul Hameed, May Penrad-Mobayed, Zeyu Yao, Neda Zamani, Yamen Abbas, Ilgar Abdullayev, Rickard Sandberg, Manfred Grabherr, Björn Andersson, András Simon
Salamanders exhibit an extraordinary ability among vertebrates to regenerate complex body parts. However, scarce genomic resources have limited our understanding of regeneration in adult salamanders. Here, we present the ~20 Gb genome and transcriptome of the Iberian ribbed newt Pleurodeles waltl, a tractable species suitable for laboratory research. We find that embryonic stem cell-specific miRNAs mir-93b and mir-427/430/302, as well as Harbinger DNA transposons carrying the Myb-like proto-oncogene have expanded dramatically in the Pleurodeles waltl genome and are co-expressed during limb regeneration...
December 22, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251734/ligation-dependent-rt-pcr-a-new-specific-and-low-cost-technique-to-detect-alk-ros-and-ret-rearrangements-in-lung-adenocarcinoma
#19
Nicolas Piton, Philippe Ruminy, Claire Gravet, Vinciane Marchand, Élodie Colasse, Aude Lamy, Cécile Le Naoures Mear, Fréderic Bibeau, Florent Marguet, Florian Guisier, Mathieu Salaün, Luc Thiberville, Fabrice Jardin, Jean-Christophe Sabourin
Detection of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK), ROS proto-oncogene 1 (ROS1), and rearranged during transfection (RET) gene rearrangements in lung adenocarcinoma is usually performed by immunohistochemistry (IHC) screening followed by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), which is an expensive and difficult technique. Ligation-dependent reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) multiplex technique can detect gene rearrangements using probes specifically hybridized to either side of the break point...
December 18, 2017: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242405/digitalis-like-compounds-restore-hnis-expression-and-iodide-uptake-capacity-in-anaplastic-thyroid-cancer
#20
Marika H Tesselaar, Thomas Crezee, Imke Schuurmans, Danny Gerrits, James Nagarajah, Otto C Boerman, Ilse van Engen-van Grunsven, Johannes W A Smit, Romana T Netea-Maier, Theo S Plantinga
Purpose: Anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) is a rare malignancy that accounts for 1-2% of all thyroid cancers. ATC is one of the most aggressive human cancers, with rapid growth, tumor invasion and development of distant metastases. The median survival is only 5 months and the 1-year survival is less than 20%. Moreover, as a result of severe dedifferentiation including the loss of human sodium iodide symporter (hNIS) expression, radioactive iodide (RAI) therapy is ineffective. Recently, we have demonstrated beneficial effects of autophagy activating digitalis-like compounds (DLCs) on redifferentiation and concomitant restoration of iodide uptake in RAI-refractory papillary and follicular thyroid cancer cell lines...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
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