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work-life balance

Shulamit Ben-Itzhak, Jonathan Dvash, Maya Maor, Noa Rosenberg, Pinchas Halpern
OBJECTIVE: Burnout is common in physicians and particularly acute in emergency physicians. Physician burnout may adversely affect physicians' lives and the quality of care they provide, but much remains unknown about its main contributing factors. The present study evaluated burnout rates and contributing factors in emergency physicians in Israel, specifically focusing on the role of a sense of meaning, which has received little attention in the literature concerning burnout in emergency physicians...
December 2015: Clin Exp Emerg Med
M Bhutta, R Mandavia, I Syed, A Qureshi, R Hettige, B Y W Wong, S Saeed, J Cartledge
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain determinants of an interest in a career in ENT surgery through a survey of medical students and junior doctors. METHODS: A survey was administered, comprising Likert scales, forced response and single option questions, and free text responses, at five different courses or events for those interested in a career in ENT. RESULTS: The survey had an 87 per cent response rate; respondents consisted of 43 applicants for national selection, 15 foundation doctors and 23 medical students...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
Surajit Mandal, Subrota Hati
Probiotics are dietary concepts to improve the dynamics of intestinal microbial balance favorably. Careful screening of probiotic strains for their technological suitability can also allow selection of strains with the best manufacturing and food technology characteristics. However, even the most robust probiotic bacteria are currently in the range of food applications to which they can be applied. Additionally, bacteria with exceptional functional heath properties are ruled out due to technological limitations...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Nicole A Sitkin, John E Pachankis
PURPOSE: Sexual and gender minorities (SGMs) in medicine experience unique stressors in training. However, little is known about SGM specialty choice. This study examined predictors of SGM specialty choice, associations between specialty prestige and perceived SGM inclusion, and self-reported influences on specialty choice. METHODS: Medical trainees and practitioners (358 SGM, 1528 non-SGM) were surveyed online. We operationalized specialty choice at the individual level as respondents' specialty of practice; at the specialty level, as a percentage of SGM respondents in each specialty...
October 11, 2016: LGBT Health
A L Dinel, C Rey, C Baudry, C Fressange-Mazda, P Le Ruyet, A Nadjar, P Pallet, C Joffre, S Layé
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are essential fatty acids, which are critical for brain development and later life cognitive functions. The main brain PUFAs are docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) for the n-3 family and arachidonic acid (ARA) for the n-6 family, which are provided to the post-natal brain by breast milk or infant formula. Recently, the use of dairy lipids (DL) in replacement of vegetable lipids (VL) was revealed to potently promote the accretion of DHA in the developing brain. Brain DHA, in addition to be a key component of brain development, display potent anti-inflammatory activities, which protect the brain from adverse inflammatory events...
October 2016: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
Lindsey E Bateman, Joanne M Collins, Susan J Cunningham
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors affecting work-life balance amongst male and female orthodontists in the UK. DESIGN: A qualitative interview-based study with a cross-sectional design. SUBJECTS: Specialist orthodontists working in specialist practice and the hospital service in the UK were selected by purposive sampling. METHODS: In-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with 18 orthodontic specialists. Interview transcripts were analyzed using Framework Analysis...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Orthodontics
Carmenlita Chief, Samantha Sabo, Hershel Clark, Patricia Nez Henderson, Alfred Yazzie, Jacqueline Nahee, Scott J Leischow
INTRODUCTION: Indigenous worldviews and research approaches are fundamental to make meaning of complex health issues and increase the likelihood of identifying existing cultural protective factors that have contributed to the resilience and survival of Indigenous people worldwide. OBJECTIVE: We describe the process for applying the Diné (Navajo) paradigm of Są'áh Naagháí Bik'eh Hózhóó (SNBH), a belief system that guides harmonious living, and demonstrate how the application of SNBH enhances understanding of Navajo principles for well-being...
October 2016: Tobacco Control
Mary K Mulcahey, Brian R Waterman
In its brief 10-year existence, the Arthroscopy Association of North America Advanced Arthroscopy Traveling Fellowship has quickly established itself as the paramount educational experience for aspiring young surgeons in sports medicine and arthroscopy. The Traveling Fellowship is structured as a 10-day experience with visits to 3 host sites and culminates at the AANA Annual Meeting. With 4 selected fellows and an honorary "Godfather," the Traveling Fellowship affords a unique and invaluable opportunity to forge enduring friendships and rare mentorships with established leaders in the field of Arthroscopy...
October 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Corinne J Smith, Michael Quinn, Christopher M Snyder
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is a ubiquitous virus that causes chronic infection and, thus, is one of the most common infectious complications of immune suppression. Adoptive transfer of HCMV-specific T cells has emerged as an effective method to reduce the risk for HCMV infection and/or reactivation by restoring immunity in transplant recipients. However, the CMV-specific CD8(+) T cell response is comprised of a heterogenous mixture of subsets with distinct functions and localization, and it is not clear if current adoptive immunotherapy protocols can reconstitute the full spectrum of CD8(+) T cell immunity...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
Lillian Ng, Richard Steane, Emme Chacko, Natalie Scollay
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to disseminate advice imparted to early career psychiatrists by a panel of senior colleagues at a Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists symposium, reflecting on things they wished they had known at the earlier stage in their careers. METHODS: Key themes were extracted from notes taken at the symposium, where opinions were expressed by three senior psychiatrists. RESULTS: There are components in building a sustainable career as a psychiatrist, which include considering one's work environment and relationships with colleagues; self-care, mentorship and reflective practice; and seeking opportunities to teach and research for career progression...
September 28, 2016: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
Zhixun Li, Yingtao Zhang, Huiling Gong, Weimin Li, Xianglong Tang
Coronary artery disease has become the most dangerous diseases to human life. And coronary artery segmentation is the basis of computer aided diagnosis and analysis. Existing segmentation methods are difficult to handle the complex vascular texture due to the projective nature in conventional coronary angiography. Due to large amount of data and complex vascular shapes, any manual annotation has become increasingly unrealistic. A fully automatic segmentation method is necessary in clinic practice. In this work, we study a method based on reliable boundaries via multi-domains remapping and robust discrepancy correction via distance balance and quantile regression for automatic coronary artery segmentation of angiography images...
August 20, 2016: Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics: the Official Journal of the Computerized Medical Imaging Society
Alwin van Drongelen, Cécile R L Boot, Hynek Hlobil, Tjabe Smid, Allard J van der Beek
PURPOSE: The objective of this study is to determine risk factors for fatigue among airline pilots, taking into account person-, work-, health-, sleep-, and lifestyle-related characteristics. METHODS: The study population consisted of 502 pilots who participated in the MORE Energy study. Included risk factors were either measured through an online questionnaire or provided by the company. The outcome of this study, fatigue, was assessed using the Checklist Individual Strength (CIS), and was defined as scoring more than 76 points on this questionnaire...
September 24, 2016: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Maria Grazia Spurio
For a long time, terms like "mind" and "emotion" have rarely been taken into account, not even mentioned in the medical texts. The latest scientific researches, including the studies of Candace Pert, on the contrary, have emphasized that the entire body thinks, because every single cell hears, and feels emotions. The international researcher has discovered the endocrines and a vast number of neuropeptides, that work as an "information network" that interconnects the entire body, the "psychic" molecules are transmitted and travel, communicating information as in a circular and recursive body - mind mechanism...
September 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
Fang Guo, Jing Zhao, Lusi A, Xiaoyi Yang
The aim of this work is to compare the life cycle assessments of low-N and normal culture conditions for a balance between the lipid content and specific productivity. In order to achieve the potential contribution of lipid content to the life cycle assessment, this study established relationships between lipid content (nitrogen effect) and specific productivity based on three microalgae strains including Chlorella, Isochrysis and Nannochloropsis. For microalgae-based aviation fuel, the effects of the lipid content on fossil fuel consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are similar...
December 2016: Bioresource Technology
C Herbert, S Kent, P Magennis, J Cleland
Understanding what causes trainees to leave OMFS is essential if we are to retain them within the specialty. Although these factors have been defined for medicine, we know of no previous study for OMFS. An online survey was distributed to roughly 1500 people who had registered an interest in OMFS during the past seven years. Personal information and details of education and employment were gathered along with personal factors that attracted them to OMFS. Of 251 trainees who responded, 50 (30%) were no longer interested...
September 19, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Lisa Cassidy-Vu, Keli Beck, Justin B Moore
Despite approximately equal numbers of male and female medical school graduates, women are entering academic medicine at a lower rate than their male colleagues. Of those who do assume a faculty position, female faculty members report higher levels of burnout, often attributable to gender-specific difficulties in clinical expectations and maintenance of work-life balance. Many of these struggles are attributable to issues that are amenable to supportive policies, but these policies are inconsistent in their availability and practice...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
Nick W Bray, Rowan R Smart, Jennifer M Jakobi, Gareth R Jones
Frailty is a clinical geriatric syndrome caused by physiological deficits across multiple systems. These deficits make it challenging to sustain homeostasis required for the demands of everyday life. Exercise is likely the best therapy to reverse frailty status. Literature to date suggests that pre-frail older adults, those with 1-2 deficits on the Cardiovascular Health Study-Frailty Phenotype (CHS-frailty phenotype), should exercise 2-3 times a week, for 45-60 min. Aerobic, resistance, flexibility, and balance training components should be incorporated but resistance and balance activities should be emphasized...
October 2016: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
Deborah Salani, Laura Dean Albuja, Khitam Azaiza
This article will review an innovative on-line preimmersion course for a hybrid doctor of nursing practice (DNP) program and a traditional face-to-face doctor of philosophy nursing program. The doctoral candidates include both postbaccalaureate and postmaster's students. The authors of the preimmersion course developed and initiated the course in order to address various issues that have surfaced in discussions between students and faculty. Examples of common themes identified include writing skills, statistics, life-work-school balance, and navigating instructional technology...
September 2016: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
Sundeep G Keswani, Chad M Moles, Michael Morowitz, Herbert Zeh, John S Kuo, Matthew H Levine, Lily S Cheng, David J Hackam, Nita Ahuja, Allan M Goldstein
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the challenges confronting surgeons performing basic science research in today's academic surgery environment. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Multiple studies have identified challenges confronting surgeon-scientists and impacting their ability to be successful. Although these threats have been known for decades, the downward trend in the number of successful surgeon-scientists continues. Clinical demands, funding challenges, and other factors play important roles, but a rigorous analysis of academic surgeons and their experiences regarding these issues has not previously been performed...
September 16, 2016: Annals of Surgery
Anthonia Ginika Uzoigwe, Wah Yun Low, Siti Nurani Mohd Noor
This study examines work-family role conflict and the factors predicting it, with a sample of 173 professional women in engineering and information technology (IT) firms, including 2 hospitals-1 public and 1 private. Our findings show no significant difference in the level of work-family role conflict encountered by women across medicine, engineering, and IT, whereas hours of work, family responsibilities, job demand, and work role overload were significantly correlated with work-family role conflict. Multiple linear regression analysis indicates that only work role overload, family responsibilities, and hours of work significantly predicted 45...
September 16, 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
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