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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455120/amyand-s-hernia-with-acute-gangrenous-appendicitis-and-cecal-perforation-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
William Kromka, Aline S Rau, Charles J Fox
INTRODUCTION: An Amyand's hernia is a heterogeneous clinical condition defined by the presence of the vermiform appendix within an inguinal hernia sac, which may or may not contain other abdominal contents or pathologic inflammatory changes. Herein we present an exceptionally rare case of an Amyand's hernia containing acute appendicitis and a perforated cecum. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 46-year-old male with a right inguinal hernia of 2-3 year duration presented to our Emergency Department complaining of acute onset abdominal and groin pain...
February 14, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453164/perforated-giant-meckel-diverticulitis-in-an-elderly-patient-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Ryan J Malcom, Izaskun M Iglesias, Eduardo Smith-Singares
INTRODUCTION: Giant Meckel's diverticula are a relatively rare form of Meckel's, and henceforth their natural history is not clearly defined. They're currently thought of as an infrequent form of ileal dysgenesis. Noted complications include perforation, torsion and bowel obstruction. A much rarer presentation is Giant Meckel's diverticulitis. CASE: A 71 year old white female presented herself to the Emergency Department of a small urban community hospital, complaining of severe abdominal pain, nausea & vomiting...
February 10, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442063/bowel-perforation-in-crohn-s-disease-correlation-between-cdai-and-clavien-dindo-scores
#3
T Fontana, N Falco, M Torchia, R Tutino, G Gulotta
BACKGROUND: Many studies have elaborated different kind of activity indices for Crohn's Disesase (CD) with the endpoint of univocally measure and evaluate the gravity of its lesions and symptoms. AIM: Purpose of this work is to study and define the correlation that runs between the preoperative score obtained at the Crohn's Disease Activity Index, the occurrence of postoperative complications that will require re-intervention and the severity of the postoperative lesions evaluated using the Clavien-Dindo score...
November 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438853/gastric-ulceration-and-perforation-secondary-to-large-trichobezoar-a-case-report-describing-the-role-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-diagnosis
#4
M M Hennessy, I Ivanovski, C B Ó Súilleabháin
INTRODUCTION: Trichotillomania and trichotillophagia can result in huge intraluminal coagulations of hair. Rarely, these can present with gastric perforation. This work has been reported in line with the SCARE criteria (Agha et al., 2016) [1]. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report the case of a 15 year old girl who attended the emergency department with abdominal pain and vomiting. Ultrasound abdomen and pelvis identified free fluid within the pelvis concerning for inflammatory bowel disease...
February 10, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438178/treatment-of-pancreatic-cancer-with-intravenous-vitamin-c-a-case-report
#5
Jeanne A Drisko, Oscar K Serrano, Lisa R Spruce, Qi Chen, Mark Levine
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) has a dismal prognosis and is often discovered at an advanced stage with few therapeutic options. Current conventional regimens for PDA are associated with significant morbidity, decreased quality of life, and a considerable financial burden. As a result, some patients turn to integrative medicine therapies as an alternate option after a diagnosis of PDA. Intravenous pharmacologic ascorbic acid (PAA) is one such treatment. The use of PAA has been passionately debated for many years, but more recent rigorous scientific research has shown that there are significant blood concentration differences when ascorbic acid is given parenterally when compared to oral dosing...
February 12, 2018: Anti-cancer Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432904/bowel-perforation-following-global-endometrial-ablation
#6
Alykhan Rajwani, Jessica Papillon-Smith, Ally Murji
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430222/long-term-colon-stent-patency-for-obstructing-colorectal-cancer-combined-with-bevacizumab
#7
Anouk E J Latenstein, Mathijs P Hendriks, Emo E van Halsema, Jeanin E van Hooft, Anne-Marie van Berkel
Self-expanding metal stents can be considered as initial treatment for malignant large bowel obstruction in the palliative setting. It is suggested that systemic anti-angiogenic therapy increases the risk of stent perforation. We report a 65-year-old woman with a metastatic, obstructing colon tumor who has been successfully treated with stent placement and chemoimmunotherapy consisting of capecitabine and bevacizumab for 8 years.
September 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420415/delayed-presentation-of-cecal-perforation-with-tension-free-vaginal-tape
#8
Allison C Mayhew, Alexcis T Ford, Gina M Northington, Virginia O Shaffer, Robert S Kelley
BACKGROUND: Tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) is a popular operative treatment for stress urinary incontinence (SUI). It has a low risk of adverse events, and injuries, particularly to the bowel, are rare. Case reports that have previously discussed these injuries and subsequent removal of TVT have not provided additional insight into management of SUI after these injuries occur. CASE: A postmenopausal woman with persistent SUI presented more than 1 year after TVT placement with bowel perforation incidentally discovered on routine screening colonoscopy...
February 5, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413211/gastrointestinal-traumatic-injuries-gastrointestinal-perforation
#9
REVIEW
Maria A Revell, Marcia A Pugh, Melanie McGhee
The abdomen is a big place even in a small person. Gastrointestinal trauma can result in injury to the stomach, small bowel, colon, or rectum. Traumatic causes include blunt or penetrating trauma, such as gunshot wounds, stabbings, motor vehicle collisions, and crush injuries. Nontraumatic causes include appendicitis, Crohn disease, cancer, diverticulitis, ulcerative colitis, blockage of the bowel, and chemotherapy. The mechanism of injury will affect both the nature and severity of any resulting injuries. Treatment must address the critical and emergent nature of these injuries as well as issues that affect all trauma situations, which include management of hemodynamic instability...
March 2018: Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411065/the-results-of-in-situ-prosthetic-graft-replacement-for-infected-aortic-disease
#10
Youngjin Han, Tae-Won Kwon, Sang Jun Park, Min-Jae Jeong, Kyunghak Choi, Gi-Young Ko, Sang-Oh Lee, Yong-Pil Cho
BACKGROUND: Infected aortic disease is a serious clinical condition associated with significant morbidity and mortality. This study reviewed the outcomes of in situ aortic replacement with a prosthetic graft for infected aortic disease, including primary infected abdominal aortic aneurysms (PIAAA), infected aortic prosthetic grafts (IAPG), and infected aortic stent grafts (IASG). METHODS: Twenty-eight consecutive patients who underwent in situ aortic replacement with a prosthetic graft for PIAAA, IAPG, and IASG at a single center from January 2001 to December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed...
February 6, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409620/necrotizing-enterocolitis-as-a-prognostic-factor-for-the-neurodevelopmental-outcome-of-preterm-infants-match-control-study-after-2years
#11
Antje Allendorf, Ruth Dewitz, Joy Weber, Shahrzad Bakthiar, Rolf Schloesser, Udo Rolle
PURPOSE: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in very low birth weight infants is a risk factor for developmental delay. To our knowledge, there are no studies published investigating the neurodevelopmental outcome of patients with NEC comparing surgically treated and conservatively treated patients versus match paired controls. The aim of this retrospective case control study was to measure the neurodevelopmental outcome of patients with NEC who were treated surgically or conservatively METHODS: All patients were identified, who have been diagnosed with NEC (ICD-10 code, P77) born between 2006 and 2013...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399279/predicting-early-outcomes-of-liver-transplantation-in-young-children-the-early-study
#12
Rashid Alobaidi, Natalie Anton, Dominic Cave, Elham Khodayari Moez, Ari R Joffe
AIM: To determine potentially modifiable predictors of early outcomes after liver transplantation in children of age < 3 years. METHODS: This study was a retrospective chart review including all consecutive children of age less than 3-years-old having had a liver transplant done at the Western Canadian referral center from June 2005 to June 2015. Pre-specified potential predictor variables and primary and secondary outcomes were recorded using standard definitions and a case report form...
January 27, 2018: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394679/-bowel-perforation-in-a-patient-with-adult-t-cell-leukemia-lymphoma
#13
Shuhei Ota, Tsuyoshi Sunagawa, Morikazu Shimabukuro, Youjirou Mitsumoto, Akihide Tanimoto
Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma(ATLL)can infiltrate throughout various organs and frequently involves the gastrointestinal tract. However, bowel perforation in ATLL patients is rare. Herein, we present a case of ATLL with bowel perforation. A 75-year-old man presented with bowel distension. Computed tomography showed a large mass of the cecum. Edema and stenosis of the ascending colon was seen on colonoscopy, and tumor on the anal side of the stenosis was also found. After admission, the patient complained of abdominal pain with a peritoneal irritation sign...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392152/small-bowel-diverticulosis-and-jejunal-perforation-in-marfan-syndrome
#14
Benjamin S Robey, Anne F Peery, Evan S Dellon
Marfan syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder involving mutation in the FBN1 gene, which encodes fibrillin-1, a protein critical to maintain the integrity of connective tissue. A mutation in this gene can affect multiple organ systems, but it is not classically associated with gastrointestinal complications. We describe a man with Marfan syndrome with multiple small bowel diverticula leading to small intestinal bacterial overgrowth and recurrent small bowel perforations.
2018: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386763/ileal-cystic-lymphangioma-presenting-with-acute-appendicitis
#15
Su-Ann Lui, Yoke Lin Nyo, V P Mali
Mesenteric lymphatic malformations are rare benign tumors that are most commonly found in children. The presentation of these tumors can be variable. It has been suggested that mesenteric lymphatic malformations are congenital; however, there is evidence that their size may be increased by infection. A 3-year 10-month-old boy presented with rhinorrhea and cough followed by acute abdominal pain. Ultrasonography revealed a lobulated mass in the lower abdomen. Computerized tomography scan of the abdomen diagnosed an inflamed appendix with perforation...
January 2018: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384976/radiofrequency-induced-endometrial-ablation-for-the-treatment-of-postpartum-hemorrhage-after-vaginal-delivery-case-report
#16
Zhang Wangping, Wu Hanbing
RATIONALE: Postpartum hemorrhage is a common complication and difficult problem in obstetrics. Radiofrequency-induced endometrial ablation (RFIEA) widely used in abnormal uterine bleeding and achieved good effects. This article will investigate the effect of RFIEA for treatment of postpartum hemorrhage. PATIENTS CONCERNS: A 26-year-old healthy full-term parturient woman presented with postpartum hemorrhage after vaginal delivery for 11 hours, who was ready to emergency surgery (hysterectomy) 7 hours after inserting an intrauterine balloon into uterine cavity...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384922/a-case-report-and-literature-review-of-sigmoid-volvulus-in-children
#17
Po-Hsiung Chang, Chin-Ming Jeng, Der-Fang Chen, Lung-Huang Lin
RATIONALE: Sigmoid volvulus (SV) is an exceptionally rare but potentially life-threatening condition in children. CHIEF COMPLAINT: Abdominal distention for 1 week. DIAGNOSES: Sigmoid volvulus. PATIENT CONCERNS: We present a case of a 12-year-old boy with mechanical ileus who was finally confirmed to have SV with the combination of abdominal plain film, sonography, and computed tomography (CT) with the finding of mesenteric artery rotation...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384902/standard-versus-extralevator-abdominoperineal-excision-and-oncologic-outcomes-for-patients-with-distal-rectal-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#18
Yunfeng Zhang, Duo Wang, Lizhe Zhu, Bin Wang, Xiaoxia Ma, Bohui Shi, Yu Yan, Can Zhou
BACKGROUND: The role of extralevator abdominoperineal excision (ELAPE) for distal rectal cancer remains controversial, and the procedure is not widely accepted or practiced. METHODS: An electronic search of Medline, EMBASE, Web of Science, and similar databases for articles in English was performed from the inception of the study until October 31, 2017. Two reviewers extracted information and independently assessed the quality of included studies by the methodological index for nonrandomized studies, then data were analyzed with Review Manager 5...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374265/endoscopic-non-ablative-fractional-laser-therapy-in-an-orthotopic-colon-tumour-model
#19
Su Woong Yoo, Gyungseok Oh, Abdul Mohaimen Safi, Soonjoo Hwang, Young-Seok Seo, Kyung-Hwa Lee, Young L Kim, Euiheon Chung
Colorectal cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths. Although several therapeutic management strategies are available at the early colon cancer stages, such as endoscopic mucosal or submucosal dissection, associated complications often include bleeding or bowel perforations. As an alternative approach, we investigated endoscopic non-ablative fractional laser (eNAFL) irradiation as a minimally invasive therapeutic modality for the treatment of early-stage colorectal cancer. By implanting SL4-DsRed colon cancer cells into the colons of the C57BL/6 mice, we developed an orthotopic colon tumour mouse model and demonstrated the early-stage tumour growth delay following the eNAFL irradiation...
January 26, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373344/nursing-assessment-of-intra-abdominal-hypertension-and-abdominal-compartment-syndrome-in-the-neonate
#20
Jenifer Reitsma, Bette Schumacher
BACKGROUND: Abdominal compartment syndrome in the surgical neonate is a low-frequency, high-risk occurrence that if overlooked is often accompanied with long-term sequelae and sometimes death. The importance of early detection of signs and symptoms through expert nursing assessment cannot be overstated. PURPOSE: To review the components of nursing assessment as it applies to detection of abdominal compartment syndrome in the surgical neonate and its relationship to the pathophysiology...
February 2018: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
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