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bowel perforation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734992/endoscopic-muscle-biopsy-emb-of-the-duodenum-and-rectum-a-pilot-survival-study-in-a-porcine-model-to-detect-myenteric-neurons
#1
E Rajan, B Al-Bawardy, C J Gostout, L M Wong Kee Song, J L Deters, M A Knipschield, C E Bernard, G Farrugia
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Small bowel and colorectal muscle biopsies require a surgical approach. Advancing our understanding of the pathophysiology of motility disorders, such as functional bowel disorders, intestinal pseudo-obstruction and slow transit constipation, is hindered by our inability to non-invasively obtain muscularis propria (MP) for evaluation of multiple cell types, including myenteric neurons. The aims of this study were to determine (1) technical feasibility, reproducibility and safety of performing duodenal endoscopic muscle biopsy (dEMB) and rectal endoscopic muscle biopsy (rEMB) using a clip-assist technique; and (2) presence of myenteric neurons in tissue samples...
July 19, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732299/enterovesical-fistula-a-rare-complication-of-meckel-s-diverticulum-a-case-report
#2
Bourguiba M A, Gharbi M, Ghalleb M, Ben Taher A, Souai F, Bensafta Y, Sayari S, Ben Moussa M
INTRODUCTION: Enterovesical fistulas usually result from diverticulitis, Crohn's disease, or colorectal cancer. A perforated Meckel's diverticulum can exceptionally result in an vesico-diverticulum fistula, as noted in only seven previously reported cases. CASE REPORT: A 35-year old Arabic male, quadriplegic,who presented epigastralgia evolving for a week, associated with abdominal distension and cloudy urine. On examination he was feverish (38.5°C), dehydrated with tenderness in the entire distended abdomen; rectal examination revealed a hypotonic sphincter with no other abnormality...
July 8, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731997/perforated-meckel-s-diverticulum
#3
Janaina Gatto, Jonas Takada, Jose P Otoch, Fernanda Kreve, Francisco S Loss, Everson L A Artifon
We report a patient with diffuse peritonitis due to perforation of Meckel's diverticulum. This patient was referred to the operating room and underwent bowel resection segment encompassing the area of the diverticulum and terminoterminal primary enteroanastomosis on two levels with good evolution. The diverticulum complications are often related to the presence of ectopic mucosa, specially the gastric and pancreatic type. Since preoperative diagnosis is difficult and infrequent, in most cases this anomaly is confirmed only during surgery...
April 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730138/ileal-perforation-with-norovirus-gastroenteritis-in-a-3-month-old-infant
#4
Seol Woo Wi, Su Jin Lee, Eun Kyeong Kang, Sung Min Cho
Noroviruses have been recognized as the leading cause of epidemic and sporadic gastroenteritis since the advent of molecular diagnostic technique. They have been documented in 5-31% of pediatric patients hospitalized with gastroenteritis. Although norovirus gastroenteritis is typically mild and self-limited, it causes severe, but sometimes fatal, conditions in the vulnerable population such as immunocompromised patients, young children, and the elderly. Bowel perforation due to norovirus infection is rare. We report a case of small bowel perforation with norovirus gastroenteritis in the infant with Down syndrome during the hospitalization with pneumonia...
June 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728256/-single-center-retrospective-study-of-184-children-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-seen-from-2000-2014
#5
D X Guan, F H Yu, G L Wang, J Zhou, D Y Wang, X L Nie, X W Xu
Objective: To investigate the clinical data of children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) retrospectively, including Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) and identify the clinical characteristics and trends of change. Method: Clinical data of hospitalized patients diagnosed as IBD in Beijing Children's Hospital from January 2000 to December 2014 were collected and retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into six groups based on type of disease and year of admission: Group A1(CD, 2000-2004) included 12 patients, Group B1(CD, 2005-2009) included 11, Group C1(CD, 2010-2014) included 51; Group A2(UC, 2000-2004) included 17, Group B2(UC, 2005-2009) included 25, Group C2(UC, 2010-2014) included 68...
July 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726144/anastomotic-stricture-after-ultralow-anterior-resection-or-intersphincteric-resection-for-very-low-lying-rectal-cancer
#6
Soo Young Lee, Chang Hyun Kim, Young Jin Kim, Hyeong Rok Kim
BACKGROUND: Anastomotic stricture following colorectal cancer surgery is not a rare complication, but proper management of anastomotic stricture located close to the anal verge is uncertain. This study aimed to investigate risk factors and management strategies for anastomotic stricture after ultralow anterior resection (ULAR). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed a database of patients with rectal cancer who underwent surgery between January 2007 and June 2015, and included patients with an anastomosis within 4 cm from the anal verge...
July 19, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724276/fatal-small-intestinal-ischemia-due-to-methamphetamine-intoxication-report-of-a-case-with-autopsy-results
#7
Hamid Attaran
Methamphetamine is one of the most common abused drugs, so its various effects on different body organs should be familiar to all physicians. Regarding its gastrointestinal sequels, there are few reports of ischemic colitis induced by its vasoconstrictive effects. This is the first report of isolated small intestinal infarction resulting in death following methamphetamine toxicity. A 40-year-old woman with a past history of medical treatment for obesity referred to hospital with severe chest and back pain, perspiration, nausea, agitation, high blood pressure, bradycardia and subsequent lethargy and vasomotor instability...
May 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712196/small-gut-volvulus-a-rare-twist-in-the-setting-of-an-even-rarer-entity-multiple-giant-jejuno-ileal-diverticula
#8
Ayesha Khan, Faheem Khan, Kashif Rafique, Sarwar Khan, Anam Majid, Khalid Khan, Asad Ullah
Small gut volvulus with multiple Jejuno-ileal diverticulosis is an unusual pathology of the small intestine with a scarce number of cases reported so far. It usually goes unnoticed because it is often asymptomatic but complications like diverticulitis, perforation, bleeding or intestinal obstruction can occur in 10-30% of the cases. Mechanical obstruction, if it occurs, can be caused by adhesions or stenosis due to diverticulitis, intussusception at the site of the diverticulum and volvulus of the segment containing the diverticula...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712193/autoimmune-disease-presenting-as-acute-abdomen
#9
Wasim A Memon, Saad Siddiqui, Ameer Hamza
Mesenteric vasculitis and resultant bowel ischemia is rare but serious complication of autoimmune disorders. Early detection and treatment is the key to avoid potentially fatal outcomes of bowel perforation and peritonitis. In this series, we present patients presenting with acute abdominal pain and having CT imaging features of bowel ischemia who responded well to immunosuppressive therapy. The aim of this work is to familiarize health professionals with possibility and imaging features of mesenteric vasculitis...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711168/surgical-treatment-of-intestinal-complications-of-graft-versus-host-disease-in-the-pediatric-population-case-series-and-review-of-literature
#10
REVIEW
Camille A Gutierrez, Mehul V Raval, Hannah R Vester, Sonali Chaudhury, Daniel von Allmen, David H Rothstein
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Intestinal complications of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) include hemorrhage and perforation in the short-term, and stricture with bowel obstruction in the long-term. As medical management of severe aGVHD has improved, more patients are surviving even advanced stages of intestinal aGVHD. This review summarizes the available pediatric literature on surgical treatment of complications of intestinal GVHD. METHODS: A systematic review was performed using PubMed, Cochrane, Embase, and Scopus databases...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701197/a-case-of-bowel-perforation-due-to-traumatic-hernia-at-a-pelvic-fracture-site-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Ryota Tanaka, Hisashi Nagahara, Kiyoshi Maeda, Hiroshi Ohtani, Masatsune Shibutani, Tatsuro Tamura, Tetsuro Ikeya, Kenji Sugano, Yasuhito Iseki, Katsunobu Sakurai, Sadaaki Yamazoe, Kenjiro Kimura, Takahiro Toyokawa, Ryosuke Amano, Naoshi Kubo, Hiroaki Tanaka, Kazuya Muguruma, Kosei Hirakawa, Masaichi Ohira
BACKGROUND: Common complications of pelvic fractures include visceral injury, large-volume hemorrhage, genitourinary injury, rectal injury, and pulmonary embolism. On the other hand, traumatic hernia is a rare complication, especially in association with pelvic fractures. We report a case of bowel perforation due to traumatic hernia at a pelvic fracture site. CASE PRESENTATION: A 65-year-old female was presented at our hospital for further examination and treatment of ileus...
July 12, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700968/retrocecal-hernia-preoperatively-diagnosed-by-computed-tomography-a-case-report
#12
Shingo Ito, Ryohei Takeda, Ritsuo Kokubo, Yoshio Sakai, Hirokazu Matsuzawa, Kiichi Sugimoto, Makoto Takahashi, Yutaka Kojima, Michitoshi Goto, Yuichi Tomiki, Kazuhiro Sakamoto
INTRODUCTION: Retrocecal hernia is a rare type of pericecal hernia. Because it is difficult to diagnose preoperatively, it is often treated with emergency operation. CASE PRESENTATION: An 83-year-old male patient experienced sudden abdominal pain. Marked small bowel dilatation and intestinal obstruction were detected by abdominal computed tomography (CT). An enhanced CT scan also revealed a trapped cluster of small bowel loops behind the cecum and ascending colon...
June 28, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691670/non-occlusive-mesenteric-ischemia-nomi-in-parkinson-s-disease-case-report
#13
G Salamone, C Raspanti, L Licari, N Falco, G Rotolo, G Augello, G Melfa, G Gulotta
Non-occlusive mesenteric ischemia (NOMI) is a severe pathological condition characterized by signs and symptoms of bowel obstruction, intestinal necrosis resulting from acute and/or chronic inadequate blood perfusion, in the absence of an organic vascular obstruction detectable by imaging techniques. A 64 years old man case with a history of Parkinson's disease in high-functioning levodopa treatment is presented. Clinical and radiological signs of intestinal obstruction were observed. He underwent surgical operation with total colectomy and terminal ileostomy for generalized secondary peritonitis due to perforation of sigmoid colon...
March 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688651/feasibility-and-scalability-of-spring-parameters-in-distraction-enterogenesis-in-a-murine-model
#14
Nhan Huynh, Genia Dubrovsky, Joshua D Rouch, Andrew Scott, Matthias Stelzner, Shant Shekherdimian, James C Y Dunn
BACKGROUND: Distraction enterogenesis has been investigated as a novel treatment for short bowel syndrome (SBS). With variable intestinal sizes, it is critical to determine safe, translatable spring characteristics in differently sized animal models before clinical use. Nitinol springs have been shown to lengthen intestines in rats and pigs. Here, we show spring-mediated intestinal lengthening is scalable and feasible in a murine model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 10-mm nitinol spring was compressed to 3 mm and placed in a 5-mm intestinal segment isolated from continuity in mice...
July 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682973/endoscopic-submucosal-tunnel-dissection-a-feasible-solution-for-large-superficial-rectal-neoplastic-lesions
#15
Jin-Lin Yang, Tao Gan, Lin-Lin Zhu, Yi-Ping Wang, Li Yang, Jun-Chao Wu
BACKGROUND: Although endoscopic submucosal tunnel dissection has been used for the resection of esophageal and stomach neoplastic lesions, there are still no reports about large superficial rectal neoplastic lesions. Compared with esophageal and stomach endoscopic submucosal dissection, the dissection of large superficial rectal neoplastic lesions is more difficult because of the flimsy bowel wall with abundant vasculature in the submucosal region, which results in poor endoscopic maneuverability and serious complications, such as bleeding and perforation...
August 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678570/head-and-neck-subcutaneous-emphysema-a-rare-complication-of-iatrogenic-perforation-during-colonoscopy-management-review-of-reported-cases-from-2000-2016
#16
Mathew John Lee, Tara M Connelly
INTRODUCTION: Subcutaneous face and neck emphysema secondary to colonic perforation is a rare complication of colonoscopy. Presentation may be complicated by pneumothorax and/or respiratory distress. Evidence limited to case studies. Therefore, no management consensus of these rarely reported cases exists. METHODS: All cases published on PubMed between January 1(st) 2000-November 1(st) 2016 reporting subcutaneous face and/or neck emphysema after colonoscopy are included...
July 5, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674967/adverse-events-during-ct-colonography-for-screening-diagnosis-and-preoperative-staging-of-colorectal-cancer-a-japanese-national-survey
#17
Koichi Nagata, Ken Takabayashi, Takaaki Yasuda, Michiaki Hirayama, Shungo Endo, Ryoichi Nozaki, Takenobu Shimada, Hidenori Kanazawa, Masanori Fujiwara, Norihito Shimizu, Tatema Iwatsuki, Teruaki Iwano, Hiroshi Saito
OBJECTIVES: To retrospectively evaluate the frequencies and magnitudes of adverse events associated with computed tomographic colonography (CTC) for screening, diagnosis and preoperative staging of colorectal cancer. METHODS: A Japanese national survey on CTC was administered by use of an online survey tool in the form of a questionnaire. The questions covered mortality, colorectal perforation, vasovagal reaction, total number of examinations, and examination procedures...
July 3, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668472/phase-i-dose-escalation-study-of-concurrent-palliative-radiation-therapy-with-sorafenib-in-three-anatomical-cohorts-thorax-abdomen-pelvis-the-tap-study
#18
Louise Murray, Joseph Longo, Jonathan Wan, Caroline Chung, Lisa Wang, Laura Dawson, Michael Milosevic, Amit Oza, Anthony Brade
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To evaluate the tolerability and maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of sorafenib administered concurrently with palliative radiotherapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In patients with incurable cancer, sorafenib was escalated independently in three cohorts based on irradiation site: thorax, abdomen or pelvis. Sorafenib was administered days 1-28 and radiotherapy (30Gy in 10 fractions) was delivered days 8-12 and 15-19. Dose-limiting toxicities (DLT) were acute grade 3+ toxicities attributable to radiotherapy...
July 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664441/the-prognostic-impact-of-bowel-perforation-following-self-expanding-metal-stent-as-a-bridge-to-surgery-in-colorectal-cancer-obstruction
#19
Tue Højslev Avlund, Rune Erichsen, Sissel Ravn, Zydrunas Ciplys, Jens Christian Andersen, Søren Laurberg, Lene H Iversen
BACKGROUND: Self-expanding metallic stent (SEMS) as a bridge to surgery for obstructive colorectal cancer may cause perforation of the tumor and thereby induce tumor spread and increase risk of recurrence, and eventually death. Evidence of the prognostic impact of SEMS-related perforation is, however, sparse. We conducted a long-term follow-up study to compare characteristics, overall survival, and recurrence rates between patients with and without SEMS-related bowel perforation. METHOD: This long-term follow-up study included obstructive colorectal cancer patients treated with SEMS as a bridge to surgery during a 10-year period at two primary and tertiary referral centers...
June 29, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661985/a-novel-approach-to-sealing-the-denuded-dermis-of-the-abdominal-wall-with-a-negative-pressure-wound-device-after-a-decompressive-laparotomy
#20
John Davis, Daniel M Caruso, Kevin N Foster, Marc R Matthews
The open abdomen is a well-known technique that is applied in a wide variety of clinical situations, including treatment of abdominal compartment syndrome, damage control laparotomy, and severe intraabdominal sepsis. Disease states such as Stevens-Johnson Syndrome/Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis or extensive deep partial and/or full-thickness torso burns involving the abdomen often result in a complete epidermal and partial dermal loss. When ABThera Open Abdomen Negative Pressure Wound Therapy is attempted in these patients, the exposed subcutaneous tissue rarely allows for an adequate seal between the adhesive barrier and the denuded skin...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
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