keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

bowel perforation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924432/stercoral-ulcer-associated-perforation-and-chemotherapy
#1
Mohamad A Mouchli, Anne M Meehan
Stercoral ulcer perforation is a life-threatening surgical condition which is thought to result from necrosis of the bowel wall due to an ischemic pressure by stool. This condition usually afflicts patients with chronic constipation. CT scan can identify most of the cases and emergent surgery is usually indicated.
May 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920530/chronic-ileitis-with-transmural-migration-of-ingested-foreign-body-treated-by-laparoscopy
#2
Garima Govind, H P Priyantha Siriwardana, Elias Sdralis, Manisha Ram, Peng Lee, Alexandros Charalabopoulos
BACKGROUND: Ingestion of foreign bodies such as fish bone or chicken bone is relatively common in adults; however, resultant transmural migration is extremely rare. METHODS: We present a case of a 79-year-old woman with chronic low-grade abdominal pain, worsening over the last 4 days. Computed tomography revealed segmental small bowel wall thickening with chronic inflammation suggestive of Crohn's ileitis and oral steroids were commenced; only later, ingestion of a foreign body was suspected...
September 17, 2017: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918620/conservative-management-of-colonoscopic-perforation-a-case-report
#3
Hossein Parsa, Arash Miroliaee, Zafar Doagoo, Saeed Sina
Colonoscopy is widely used for the diagnosis, treatment and a follow up of colorectal diseases. Perforation of the large bowel during elective colonoscopy is rare but serious life threatening complication. We report a 51-year-old woman who experienced recto sigmoid perforation during diagnostic colonoscopy. During 8 days of total hospitalization, she spent 3 days in ICU with gastrointestinal rest. The patient was hydrated and took intravenous antibiotics. In take-output and temperature were closely monitored...
July 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917259/successful-treatment-with-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-for-pneumatosis-cystoides-intestinalis-as-a-complication-of-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-a-case-report
#4
Kensuke Nakatani, Takaharu Kato, Shinichiro Okada, Risa Matsumoto, Kazuhiro Nishida, Hiroyasu Komuro, Toshiyuki Suganuma
BACKGROUND: Although gastrointestinal involvement in patients with granulomatosis with polyangiitis is uncommon, it is associated with mild to severe life-threatening complications. We present a case of pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis in a patient with granulomatosis with polyangiitis that was treated successfully with hyperbaric oxygen. CASE PRESENTATION: A 70-year-old Japanese man with a 3-year history of granulomatosis with polyangiitis consulted our hospital with a complaint of severe back pain...
September 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912984/caecal-perforation-from-primary-intestinal-tuberculosis-in-pregnancy
#5
Soe Lwin, Nina Lau Lee Jing, Haris Suharjono, Mardiana Binti Kipli, Tin Moe Nwe, Myat San Yi, Lucas Luk Tien Wee
The incidence of tuberculosis (TB) is rising worldwide, despite the efficacy of the BCG vaccination. Populations at greatest risk of contracting TB are migrant communities, as well as immunocompromised individuals. The diagnosis of extrapulmonary TB (EPTB) can often present as a diagnostic conundrum, due to its nonspecific and varied presentation, often mimicking inflammatory bowel disease or malignancy. We present a case of caecal TB in pregnancy, which resulted in caecal perforation, a right hemicolectomy, and severe preterm delivery...
2017: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911062/tpf-plus-cetuximab-induction-chemotherapy-followed-by-biochemoradiation-with-weekly-cetuximab-plus-weekly-cisplatin-or-carboplatin-a-randomized-phase-ii-eortc-trial
#6
P M Specenier, E Remenar, J Buter, D L Schrijvers, C Bergamini, L F Licitra, A Awada, P M Clement, C Fortpied, J Menis, J B Vermorken
Background: Our aim was to test the safety of cetuximab added to chemoradiation with either cisplatin or carboplatin after prior induction chemotherapy. Methods: Patients with stage III/IV unresectable, squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck received up to four cycles of TPF-E (cisplatin and docetaxel 75 mg/m2 on day 1 followed by 5-FU 750 mg/m2/day as a continuous infusion on days 1-5 plus cetuximab at a loading dose of 400 mg/m2 followed by a weekly dose of 250 mg/m2), with prophylactic antibiotics but no growth factors...
September 1, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898792/laparoscopic-management-for-spontaneous-jejunal-perforation-caused-by-nonspecific-ulcer-a-case-report
#7
Tatsuma Sakaguchi, Katsuji Tokuhara, Kazuyoshi Nakatani, Masanori Kon
INTRODUCTION: Nonspecific small bowel ulcers are rare and there have been limited reports. We applied laparoscopic surgery successfully for the perforation caused by this disease of jejunum. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 70-year-old man visited to our hospital with complaint of abdominal pain and fever. He was diagnosed abdominal peritonitis with findings of intraperitoneal gas and fluid. Emergency laparoscopic surgery was performed. A perforation 5mm in diameter was recognized in jejunum opposite side of mesentery...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894618/percutaneous-emergency-needle-caecostomy-for-prevention-of-caecal-perforation
#8
Alexandra M Limmer, Zackariah Clement
Caecal perforation is a life-threatening complication of large bowel obstruction with a reported mortality of 34% to 72%. This case describes the novel use of percutaneous needle caecostomy as a life-saving measure to prevent imminent caecal perforation in a 68-year-old lady with large bowel obstruction secondary to an incarcerated incisional hernia. After careful review of computed tomography images and measurement of distances from the abdominal wall to the caecum, the patient's caecum was decompressed in the emergency department using a needle under local anaesthetic...
2017: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893807/neostigmine-and-glycopyrronium-a-potential-safe-alternative-for-patients-with-pseudo-obstruction-without-access-to-conventional-methods-of-decompression
#9
Alfred Adiamah, Sarah Johnson, Adrian Ho, James Orbell
Intestinal pseudo-obstruction mimics bowel obstruction. However, on examination, no mechanical cause is identified. This condition will often resolve when managed conservatively, yet in some cases decompression is required to avoid the serious complications of bowel ischaemia and perforation. This is performed endoscopically, and due to the invasive nature and limited access to this service, an alternative treatment option is deemed appealing. Neostigmine has good efficacy in the decompression of pseudo-obstruction but is hindered by its wide side effect profile...
September 11, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892998/role-of-multi-detector-ct-mdct-in-evaluation-of-bowel-diseases
#10
Mohamad Tufail Sheikh, Mohd Tafazul Sheikh, Masrat Jan, Hayat A Khan, Guru P Vashisht, Mohd L Wani
INTRODUCTION: Multi-Detector Computed Tomography (MDCT) has revealed excellent results in various systems of the body. Its role in abdominal imaging for solid viscera has been proved beyond doubt. It is an emerging non invasive tool for evaluation of bowel diseases. AIM: To see the efficacy of MDCT in evaluation of various bowel diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out in the Department of Radiodiagnosis and Imaging, Batra Hospital and Medical Research Centre, Delhi, India...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892784/ileal-angiodysplasia-presentation-as-a-bowel-obstruction-a-case-report
#11
Ons Ghdes, Ali Gaja, Ahlem Blel, Hichem Jarraya, Najla Mnif
INTRODUCTION: Angiodysplasia is a common vascular abnormality of the gastrointestinal tract, found in the elderly and most frequently revealed by gastrointestinal bleeding. We report an original case of ileal angiodysplasia in an 83-year-old woman presenting as a bowel obstruction. CASE PRESENTATION: An 83-year-old woman with a medical history of chronic untreated anemia, presented with cardinal symptoms of bowel obstruction. Computed tomography revealed diffuse ileal wall thickening with multiple zones of stenosis, which were aggravated by an ileal perforation and associated with vascular abnormalities compatible with angiodysplasia...
July 24, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888914/acute-diffuse-peritonitis-due-to-spontaneous-rupture-of-a-primary-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-of-the-jejunum-a-case-report
#12
Koki Sato, Hirofumi Tazawa, Seiji Fujisaki, Sotaro Fukuhara, Koki Imaoka, Yuzo Hirata, Mamoru Takahashi, Saburo Fukuda, Yoshio Kuga, Toshihiro Nishida, Hideto Sakimoto
INTRODUCTION: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are the most common mesenchymal tumors of the gastrointestinal tract. Overt peritonitis caused by GIST rupture is very uncommon. Three types of GIST rupture have been described: closed perforation due to abscess (abscess type), hemoperitoneum leading to rupture of the hematoma capsule in the tumor (hemoperitoneum type), and perforation of the digestive tract via a fistula leading to central necrosis of the tumor (bowel perforation type)...
August 23, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885229/impact-of-diagnostic-delay-and-associated-factors-on-clinical-outcomes-in-a-u-s-inflammatory-bowel-disease-cohort
#13
Vu Q Nguyen, Dingfeng Jiang, Sharon N Hoffman, Srikar Guntaka, Jessica L Mays, Anthony Wang, Joseph Gomes, Dario Sorrentino
BACKGROUND: The impact of diagnostic delay in inflammatory bowel disease, including Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), on disease course remains uncertain. This study examines factors that may influence time to diagnosis and disease outcomes in a U.S. patient cohort. METHODS: We retrospectively collected data on patient characteristics, time to diagnosis, disease phenotype, and complications in 177 patients with inflammatory bowel disease (110 CD and 67 UC) diagnosed at our institution from 2008 to 2015...
September 6, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882934/bowel-perforation-presenting-three-months-after-suprapubic-catheter-insertion
#14
Thomas Stonier, Nick Simson, Elizabeth Wilson, Konstantinos Eleftherios Stergios
An 82-year-old male with multiple comorbidities, including previous laparotomies, had a suprapubic catheter (SPC) inserted under guidance with ultrasound and a flexible cystoscope. Three months following the procedure, having returned for a flexible cystoscopy for ongoing bladder pain syndrome, he became peritonitic postoperatively.A CT scan and subsequent laparotomy confirmed the SPC to be passing through a section of terminal ileum. The bowel was resected and he recovered well after a long hospital admission...
September 7, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879575/in-hospital-mortality-for-hepatic-portal-venous-gas-analysis-of-1590-patients-using-a-japanese-national-inpatient-database
#15
Chie Koizumi, Nobuaki Michihata, Hiroki Matsui, Kiyohide Fushimi, Hideo Yasunaga
BACKGROUND: Hepatic portal venous gas (HPVG) is rare but potentially serious condition. Main cause of HPVG is bowel ischemia, while detection of HPVG without bowel ischemia may have been increasing possibly due to widespread use of computed tomography. However, little is known about variation in etiologies of HPVG and mortality of HPVG with each etiology. We examined patient backgrounds, underlying diseases, and in-hospital mortality of HPVG patients using a national inpatient database...
September 6, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876658/laparoscopic-lavage-versus-suction-only-in-complicated-acute-appendicitis-a-prospective-randomised-control-study
#16
I I Sardiwalla, M Z Koto
BACKGROUND: The role of laparoscopy in complicated appendicitis is increasing. It is unclear in the adult population whether lavage of the pus versus suction only impacts in decreasing postoperative collections. In children there appears to be no difference whether the pus is lavaged or suctioned only. This study will be the first of its kind in the adult population. METHOD: A prospective single blinded randomised control trial was conducted. Ethics clearance was obtained from the review board...
June 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876619/do-iatrogenic-serosal-injuries-result-in-small-bowel-perforation-in-a-rabbit-model
#17
M C Tsai, G Candy, M A Costello, A D Grieve, M Brand
BACKGROUND: Surgical dogma dictates that serosal injuries should be repaired during laparotomy as these injuries may result in localised areas of bowel ischaemia and may perforate. No study has investigated whether there is a correlation between the extent of serosal injuries and the risk for perforation under normal physiological conditions. We hypothesized that small bowel serosal injuries do not result in early or late perforation at physiological intraluminal pressures regardless of their size...
June 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876576/rapunzel-syndrome-african-variations-on-a-european-fairytale
#18
J Plaskett, G Chinnery, D Thomson, B Dedekind, E Jonas, S Thomson
BACKGROUND: Trichobezoars are intraluminal accretions of ingested hair. Rapunzel syndrome is a rare and extreme presentation with extension down through into the small intestine. Most frequently reported in children and psychiatric patients, we report on an African series of five patients. METHOD: Five patients presenting with trichobezoars were retrospectively reviewed and analysed with regard to patient background, demographics, clinical presentation, diagnosis, surgical management and complications...
September 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872570/when-fever-leukocytosis-and-right-lower-quadrant-pain-is-not-appendicitis
#19
Jeanette Kurbedin, Lawrence Haines, Marla C Levine, Eitan Dickman
Mesenteric cystic lymphangioma (MCL) is an uncommon, benign, slow-growing abdominal tumor that is derived from the lymphatic vessels (World J Gastroenterol. 2012;18:6328-6332, Radiographics. 1994;14:729-737). It is most often diagnosed in the head and neck of affected children. Rarely, a lymphangioma can develop within the small bowel (Pan Afr Med J. 2012;12:7). The clinical presentation of patients with an abdominal MCL can range from asymptomatic to acute abdominal pain (J Korean Surg Soc. 2012;83:102-106)...
September 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870611/safety-and-activity-of-microrna-loaded-minicells-in-patients-with-recurrent-malignant-pleural-mesothelioma-a-first-in-man-phase-1-open-label-dose-escalation-study
#20
Nico van Zandwijk, Nick Pavlakis, Steven C Kao, Anthony Linton, Michael J Boyer, Stephen Clarke, Yennie Huynh, Agata Chrzanowska, Michael J Fulham, Dale L Bailey, Wendy A Cooper, Leonard Kritharides, Lloyd Ridley, Scott T Pattison, Jennifer MacDiarmid, Himanshu Brahmbhatt, Glen Reid
BACKGROUND: TargomiRs are minicells (EnGeneIC Dream Vectors) loaded with miR-16-based mimic microRNA (miRNA) and targeted to EGFR that are designed to counteract the loss of the miR-15 and miR-16 family miRNAs, which is associated with unsuppressed tumour growth in preclinical models of malignant pleural mesothelioma. We aimed to assess the safety, optimal dosing, and activity of TargomiRs in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma. METHODS: In this first-in-man, open-label, dose-escalation phase 1 trial at three major cancer centres in Sydney (NSW, Australia), we recruited adults (aged ≥18 years) with a confirmed diagnosis of malignant pleural mesothelioma, measurable disease, radiological signs of progression after previous chemotherapy, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0 or 1, life expectancy of 3 months or more, immunohistochemical evidence of tumour EGFR expression, and adequate bone marrow, liver, and renal function...
September 1, 2017: Lancet Oncology
keyword
keyword
66073
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"