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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539036/a-case-of-tuberculous-peritonitis-presenting-as-small-bowel-obstruction
#1
Hae Koo Kim, Sung Eun Kim, Moo In Park, Seun Ja Park, Won Moon, Jae Hyun Kim, Kyoungwon Jung, Yong Jin Nam
The peritoneum is one of the common extrapulmonary sites of tuberculosis infection. Patients with underlying end-stage renal or liver disease are frequently complicated by tuberculous peritonitis; however, the diagnosis of the tuberculous peritonitis is difficult due to its insidious nature, well as its variability in presentation and limitation of available diagnostic tests. Once diagnosed, the preferred treatment is usually antituberculous therapy in uncomplicated cases. However, surgical treatment may also be required for complicated cases, such as small bowel obstruction or perforation...
May 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533998/ipilimumab-as-a-cause-of-severe-pan-colitis-and-colonic-perforation
#2
Raj Shah, Danielle Witt, Talal Asif, Fahad F Mir
Ipilimumab is a human monoclonal antibody that functions as a cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) inhibitor that is used to treat malignant melanoma. Due to ipilimumab's removal of immune regulation, specifically through the inactivation of CTLA-4, it is commonly associated with inflammatory and autoimmune events. Gastrointestinal (GI) related immune-related adverse events such as diarrhea occur in 29% of patients with 7.6% of patients specifically suffering from colitis. We describe a case of colonic perforation with ipilimumab use...
April 20, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523070/a-curious-case-of-intestinal-diaphragm-disease-unmasked-by-perforation-of-a-duodenal-ulcer
#3
Mairéad McNally, Ion Cretu
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are a common cause of intestinal injury. A variety of NSAID-induced injuries may occur including ulcers, erosions, colitis, strictures, and diaphragm disease. Diaphragm disease refers to the development of multiple thin, concentric, stenosing strictures in the intestine. Strictures occur most often in the midintestine and are thought to be pathognomonic of NSAID damage. They can lead to intermittent or complete bowel obstruction. Diagnosis may be elusive as there is nothing specific about NSAID-induced injury at endoscopy and histology is also nonspecific...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516109/serum-derived-bovine-immunoglobulin-as-novel-adjunct-in-complicated-clostridium-difficile-colitis-treatment
#4
Samson Ferm, Nims Varadi, Constantine Fisher, Ellen Gutkin
Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is a well-known complication of antibiotic therapy. It is associated with significant morbidity, mortality, and cost in the hospital setting. The main symptoms include watery diarrhea, abdominal pain, and distension, but CDI can also present as toxic megacolon, bowel perforation with peritonitis, sepsis and renal failure. Therapy includes metronidazole and oral vancomycin, with rectal vancomycin and fecal transplant reserved for more complicated cases. Adjunctive treatments such as probiotics have been tried with mixed results...
2017: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511447/delayed-presentation-of-isolated-jejunal-perforation-following-accidental-trauma
#5
Kshitij Arun Manerikar, Priyank Verma, Abhijit Ghatage, Shishir Garg, Mirat Dholakia
Blunt abdominal trauma can injure any abdominal organs which had significant morbidity and mortality in paediatric age group. It can lead to duodenal, jejunal or rather any bowel perforation. Isolated jejunal perforation still remains rare entity with less documented reports in specifically paediatric age group. We hereby present a case of three-year-old female child with isolated jejunal perforation, post history of fall from height. Early exploration and prompt surgical intervention led to successful outcome in this patient...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509817/modified-delphi-process-for-the-development-of-choosing-wisely-for-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#6
Geoffrey C Nguyen, Karen Boland, Waqqas Afif, Brian Bressler, Jennifer L Jones, Adam V Weizman, Sharyle Fowler, Smita Halder, Vivian W Huang, Gilaad G Kaplan, Reena Khanna, Sanjay K Murthy, Joannie Ruel, Cynthia H Seow, Laura E Targownik, Tanya Chawla, Luis Guimaraes, Aida Fernandes, Sherif Saleh, Gil Y Melmed
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The prevalence and incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in North America is among the highest in the world and imparts substantial direct and indirect medical costs. The Choosing Wisely Campaign was launched in wide variety of medical specialties and disciplines to reduce unnecessary or harmful tests or treatment interventions. METHODS: The Choosing Wisely list for IBD was developed by the Canadian IBD Network for Research and Growth in Quality Improvement (CINERGI) in collaboration with Crohn's and Colitis Canada (CCC) and the Canadian Association of Gastroenterology (CAG)...
June 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509768/modified-delphi-process-for-the-development-of-choosing-wisely-for-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#7
Geoffrey C Nguyen, Karen Boland, Waqqas Afif, Brian Bressler, Jennifer L Jones, Adam V Weizman, Sharyle Fowler, Smita Halder, Vivian W Huang, Gilaad G Kaplan, Reena Khanna, Sanjay K Murthy, Joannie Ruel, Cynthia H Seow, Laura E Targownik, Tanya Chawla, Luis Guimaraes, Aida Fernandes, Sherif Saleh, Gil Y Melmed
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The prevalence and incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in North America is among the highest in the world and imparts substantial direct and indirect medical costs. The Choosing Wisely Campaign was launched in wide variety of medical specialties and disciplines to reduce unnecessary or harmful tests or treatment interventions. METHODS: The Choosing Wisely list for IBD was developed by the Canadian IBD Network for Research and Growth in Quality Improvement (CINERGI) in collaboration with Crohn's and Colitis Canada (CCC) and the Canadian Association of Gastroenterology (CAG)...
May 15, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509142/erosion-of-a-tenckhoff-catheter-to-the-sigmoid-colon-an-uncommon-delayed-complication
#8
Jorge Quinto Ruiz, Carlos Eduardo Durón Gutiérrez, Antonio Hiram Romero Moreno, Stephanie González Rosas, Alfonsina Daniela Castañeda Gutiérrez
Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis is one of the most commonly used therapies for patients with impaired renal function. Most frequent complications directly related to the catheter usually present within the first weeks, and range from catheter dysfunction to dialysis-associated peritonitis; bowel perforation while placing the catheter is uncommon, and it is usually assessed in the same surgical event. There are, however, delayed complications, and one of the least frequently described is erosion of the catheter into the bowel...
April 26, 2017: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504243/cancers-of-the-appendix-case-report-and-literatures-review
#9
Paolo Izzo, Anna De Santis, Federico Pugliese, Stefano Valabrega, Luciano Izzo
Cancers of appendix are very uncommon. As reported in the case of 85 years old man, that underwent right emicolectomy with restoration of bowel continuity, the appendix was found to be gangrenous and perforated during the surgery. The hystology that comes out was adenocarcinoma of appendix that after 1 yars of follow up ramanins asymptomatic. At last the emicolectomy rappresent the best surgical treatment for all appendix neoplasm, that could be recognised from the surgeon when possible wiht intraoperavite histological examination...
April 11, 2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500263/migration-of-eroded-laparoscopic-adjustable-gastric-band-causing-small-bowel-obstruction-and-perforation
#10
Ashvini Abeysekera, Jerry Lee, Simon Ghosh, Craig Hacking
We present an unusual and rare complication caused by gastric band erosion into the stomach after band placement 15 years ago. The complication was only picked up after the band had subsequently migrated from the stomach at the site of erosion, to the distal ileum causing acute small bowel obstruction and focal perforation requiring emergency laparotomy.Abdominal pain in patients with gastric band should always be treated as serious until proven otherwise.
May 12, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493071/nontraumatic-large-bowel-perforation-spectrum-of-etiologies-and-ct-findings
#11
REVIEW
Kunal Kothari, Barak Friedman, Gregory M Grimaldi, John J Hines
Large bowel perforation is an abdominal emergency that results from a wide range of etiologies. Computed tomography is the most reliable modality in detecting the site of large bowel perforation. The diagnosis is made by identifying direct CT findings such as extraluminal gas or contrast and discontinuity along the bowel wall. Indirect CT findings can help support the diagnosis, and include bowel wall thickening, pericolic fat stranding, abnormal bowel wall enhancement, abscess, and a feculent collection adjacent to the bowel...
May 10, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477432/laparoscopic-abdominoperineal-resection-with-trans-abdominal-individualized-levator-transection-interim-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Bo Feng, Jiaoyang Lu, Sen Zhang, Xialin Yan, Jianwen Li, Pei Xue, Mingliang Wang, Aiguo Lu, Junjun Ma, Lu Zang, Feng Dong, Zirui He, Fei Yue, Jing Sun, Xizhou Hong, Minhua Zheng
AIM: Extralevator abdominoperineal resection) (ELAPR) is challenging "conventional" adbominoperineal resection (APR) yet the safety and efficacy of ELAPR is still under debate. We therefore developed a laparoscopic APR with transabdominal individualized levator transection (LAPR-TILT) approach and compared the outcome with a conventional laparoscopic APR (CLAPR). METHOD: All eligible patients were entered a single center randomized controlled trial to compare CLAPR and LAPR-TILT...
May 6, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472016/laparoscopic-appendectomy-in-children-with-perforated-appendicitis-a-meta-analysis
#13
Shun Zhang, Tao Du, Xiaohua Jiang, Chun Song
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this meta-analysis was to compare the influence of different surgical procedures on perforated appendicitis in pediatric population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Studies were identified through a computerized literature search of Pubmed, Embase, Ovid, the Cochrane Colorectal Cancer Group Controlled Trials Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, the Cochrane Library database, and Web of Science. Two reviewers independently assessed the quality of each study and abstracted outcome data...
May 3, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471546/-image-of-the-month-small-bowel-perforation-by-one-foreign-body
#14
J Maquet, Y-G Boulanger, M Milicevic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467579/primary-small-intestinal-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-diagnosed-after-emergency-surgery
#15
Tevfik Avcı, Hakan Yabanoğlu, İlker Murat Arer, Nazım Emrah Koçer, Kenan Çalışkan, Pelin Börcek, Yahya Ekici
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate clinical manifestation, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of patients with primary gastrointestinal non-Hodgkin lymphoma (PGI NHL), whose initial presentation was bowel obstruction or perforation. METHODS: Data of patients who underwent surgical intervention due to radiological evidence of perforation or intestinal obstruction and were subsequently diagnosed with intestinal lymphoma at Baskent University hospitals between January 2007 and November 2014 were examined retrospectively...
March 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463948/emergency-management-of-the-ingested-magnet-an-algorithmic-approach
#16
Brent Bauman, Kendall McEachron, Deborah Goldman, Amanda Louiselle, Eugene Zheng, David Mills, Jeffrey Louie, Bradley Segura
INTRODUCTION: Accidental ingestion of foreign bodies is an increasing problem in the pediatric population. Symptoms are often nonspecific and may lead to a missed diagnosis because the ingestion event often goes unwitnessed. CASE: We present a case of a missed diagnosis of a multiple magnet ingestion event in a pediatric patient leading to operative management. A 2-year-old boy with a 4-week history of nonspecific abdominal pain presented to the emergency department (ED) with vomiting and worsening abdominal pain...
May 1, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458940/primary-small-bowel-gist-presenting-as-a-life-threatening-emergency-a-report-of-two-cases
#17
Safi Khuri, Hayim Gilshtein, Abd-Alkarim Darawshy, Hany Bahouth, Yoram Kluger
Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is a rare stromal neoplasm, which represents the most common mesenchymal tumor of the gastrointestinal tract. It is characterized by indolent clinical symptoms, although it can present as a life-threatening emergency. Herein, we present two cases of primary small bowel GIST treated at our department. A 68-year-old female patient presented to our emergency department with a diffuse abdominal pain of acute onset. Imaging studies revealed a mass at proximal jejunum, with a nearby free air and fluid...
2017: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458829/distant-melanoma-causing-small-bowel-obstruction
#18
Justin M Hintze, Donal B O'Connor, Peter Molony, Paul C Neary
Small bowel obstructions (SBOs) are common. Adhesions make up the majority of cases at 84.9%, followed by abdominal herniae and malignancies. A 71-year-old female presented with total constipation, abdominal distension, on a background of resected cutaneous melanoma nine years prior. A CT-scan showed small bowel intussusception and disseminated mucosal-enhancing lesions consistent with metastases. She was brought to the operating theatre where six areas of intussusception were identified and manually reduced...
February 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439845/a-systematic-review-of-the-clinical-presentation-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-small-bowel-obstruction
#19
REVIEW
Srinivas R Rami Reddy, Mitchell S Cappell
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This study aimed to systematically review small bowel obstruction (SBO), focusing on recent changes in diagnosis/therapy. RECENT FINDINGS: SBO incidence is about 350,000/annum in the USA. Etiologies include adhesions (65%), hernias (10%), neoplasms (5%), Crohn's disease (5%), and other (15%). Bowel dilatation occurs proximal to obstruction primarily from swallowed air and secondarily from intraluminal fluid accumulation. Dilatation increases mural tension, decreases mucosal perfusion, causes bacterial proliferation, and decreases mural tensile strength that increases bowel perforation risks...
June 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438753/complicated-small-bowel-diverticular-disease-a-case-series
#20
Linden Karas, Mohammed Asif, Victor Chun, Farrukh A Khan
Small bowel diverticulosis of the jejunum and ileum is an uncommon finding with a prevalence rate of 0.2% to 1.3% at autopsy and 0.3% to 1.9% on small bowel studies. Diagnosis can be difficult because there are no pathognomonic features or clinical symptoms that are specific for small bowel diverticulosis. Though rare, it is critical to keep the possibility of small bowel diverticulosis in mind when evaluating cases of malabsorption, chronic abdominal pain, haemorrhage, perforation and intestinal obstruction, especially in patients with connective tissue disorders, a family history of diverticula and a personal history of colonic diverticulosis...
April 23, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
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