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Icu depression

Rocío Martínez, Carlos Torrente
A 3-month-old intact male Prague ratter was presented to the emergency service for evaluation of progressive lethargy, weakness, coughing and labour breathing after an episode of resistance to oral deworming. The patient exhibited depression, increased respiratory effort and cyanosis at initial presentation. Results of first diagnostic work-up (complete blood cell count, biochemistry panel and thoracic x-rays) were all consistent with aspiration pneumonia. The puppy was initially treated with balanced isotonic crystalloids, broad spectrum antibiotics, nebulization with thoracic coupage and was transferred to an infant incubator with a sustained FiO2 of 40-50%...
December 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
Lauren Breisinger, Angela Macci Bires, Thomas W Cline
The intensive care unit (ICU) can be a place of stress, anxiety, and emotional instability for both patients and families. Medical and nursing care during this acute time is patient focused, and family members are often left in the dark. Unintentional exclusion from information results in high levels of stress, anxiety, and uncertainty for families. Due to the acuity of illness, family members of cardiac surgery patients experience the highest levels of stress. Spouses may experience intense psychosomatic symptoms such as depression, anxiety, and fear for several months after the surgery...
April 2018: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
Gloria-Beatrice Wintermann, Jenny Rosendahl, Kerstin Weidner, Bernhard Strauß, Andreas Hinz, Katja Petrowski
BACKGROUND: Fatigue often occurs as long-term complication in chronically critically ill (CCI) patients after prolonged intensive care treatment. The Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI-20) has been established as valid instrument to measure fatigue in a wide range of medical illnesses. Regarding the measurement of fatigue in CCI patients, the psychometric properties of the MFI-20 have not been investigated so far. Thus, the present study examines reliability and validity of the MFI-20 in CCI patients...
February 20, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Mariela M Lopez, Derrick Zech, Judith L Linton, Steven J Blackwell
OBJECTIVE: Dexmedetomidine is a parenteral agent that combines the benefits of cooperative sedation, anxiolysis, and analgesia without the risks of respiratory depression. Off-label use has been reported in children. We have introduced dexmedetomidine for use in patients having undergone alveolar bone graft (ABG). The objective is to demonstrate the value and safety of postoperative dexmedetomidine infusion in a non-ICU setting following ABG. DESIGN: A retrospective review was performed on patients who underwent ABG by the senior author...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Jie Chen, Na Shen, Xiaohui Duan, Yaning Guo
The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism of dexmedetomidine in improving postoperative cognitive dysfunction from the perspectives of alleviating neuronal mitochondrial membrane oxidative stress and electrophysiological dysfunction. A total of 120 patients undergoing elective surgery under general anesthesia from June 2013 to May, 2016 were selected as the subjects of the study and randomly divided into the propofol + remifentanil and dexmedetomidine groups. The Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (AVLT) and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) were performed at day 1 before operation and at day 1, 3, 5 and 15 after operation...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Mohannad Eid AbuRuz, Fawwaz Alaloul, Ghadeer Al-Dweik
AIM: To examine the effect of depressive symptoms on in-hospital complication rates after Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI). BACKGROUND: Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) is the primary cause of death worldwide. AMI is the most common consequence of CHD. Depressive symptoms are an important risk factor for CHD and increased risk of AMI. Understanding the relationship between depressive symptoms and short term complications for patients with AMI is important for determining their needs, developing interventions, and evaluating the outcomes of interventions...
February 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Emily Brück, Anna Schandl, Matteo Bottai, Peter Sackey
Background: Many intensive care unit (ICU) survivors develop psychological problems and cognitive impairment. The relation between sepsis, delirium, and later cognitive problems is not fully elucidated, and the impact of psychological symptoms on cognitive function is poorly studied in ICU survivors. The primary aim of this study was to examine the relationship between sepsis, ICU delirium, and later self-rated cognitive function. A second aim was to investigate the association between psychological problems and self-rated cognitive function 3 months after the ICU stay...
2018: Journal of Intensive Care
Maria Vargas, Yuda Sutherasan, Iole Brunetti, Camilla Micalizzi, Angelo Insorsi, Lorenzo Ball, Marta Folentino, Rosanna Sileo, Arduino DE Lucia, Manuela Cerana, Alessandro Accattatis, Domenico DE Lisi, Angelo Gratarola, Francesco Mora, Giorgio Peretti, Giuseppe Servillo, Paolo Pelosi
BACKGROUND: Quality of life and mortality after percutaneous dilatational tracheotomy (PDT) has been poorly investigated. The aims of this study were to evaluate the independent risk factors for Intensive Care Unit (ICU) mortality and investigate quality of life over the first year after PDT in critically ill patients. METHODS: This was a prospective, single-center, cohort study performed in a tertiary care University Hospital, enrolling consecutive ICU patients requiring elective PDT, collecting data during the tracheotomy procedure and the ICU stay...
January 16, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
Daniel Aragão Machado, Nébia Maria Almeida de Figueiredo, Luciane de Souza Velasques, Cleonice Alves de Melo Bento, Wiliam César Alves Machado, Lúcia Alves Marques Vianna
OBJECTIVE: To measure the levels of stress, anxiety, and depression of nurses working in ICUs, relating them to levels of attention before and after 24 hours. METHOD: An observational, quantitative, analytical study with 18 nurses undergoing an inventory of stress, anxiety, and depression, as well as assessment of attention levels and psychomotor functioning. RESULTS: Sixty-one percent showed positive for stress. Depression was observed in 33%; and anxiety in 99...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
H K Nedergaard, T Haberlandt, P D Reichmann, P Toft, H I Jensen
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to explore which outcomes are most important to patients following ICU-discharge, and to explore whether intensive care unit (ICU)-nurses and anesthesiologists are aware of patients' priorities. METHODS: First, interviews with adult ICU-survivors were conducted until data saturation was achieved (10 interviews), and six areas with 36 items were identified. Second, interviews with another eight ICU-survivors were conducted, narrowing the list to 20...
January 7, 2018: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Jean-Pierre Quenot, Fiona Ecarnot, Nicolas Meunier-Beillard, Auguste Dargent, Audrey Large, Pascal Andreu, Jean-Philippe Rigaud
A large proportion of patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) are unable to express themselves, often due to acute illness, shock or trauma, and this precludes any communication and/or consent for care that might reflect their wishes and opinions. In such cases, the only solution for the ICU physician is to include the patient's family in the healthcare decisions. This can represent a significant burden on the family, on top of the psychological distress of the ICU environment and hospitalisation of their relatives, and many family members may suffer from anxiety, depression or symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) during or after the hospitalisation and/or death of a loved one in the ICU...
December 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
Farshid R Bashar, Amir Vahedian-Azimi, Mahmood Salesi, Mohammadreza Hajiesmaeili, Seyedpouzhia Shojaei, Behrooz Farzanegan, Reza Goharani, Seyed J Madani, Kivan G Moghaddam, Sevak Hatamian, Hosseinali J Moghaddam, Abilio Arrascaeta-Llanes, Andrew C Miller
The aim of the present study is to describe how religiosity and spirituality affect the psychiatric morbidity of Muslim intensive care unit (ICU) patients. We conducted a prospective nationwide cross-sectional study of ICU patients discharged from 45 medical centers spanning 31 proivinces in Iran. Adults (age ≥ 18 years) admitted to the ICU and treated with invasive mechanical ventilation were eligible. Nine validated survey tools were administered to detect direct and indirect associations between spiritual health (SH) and depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic disorder...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Piotr Smuszkiewicz, Paweł Wiczling, Justyna Ber, Justyna Warzybok, Tomasz Małkiewicz, Jan Matysiak, Agnieszka Klupczyńska, Iwona Trojanowska, Zenon Kokot, Edmund Grześkowiak, Wojciech Krzyzanski, Agnieszka Bienert
Dexmedetomidine (DEX) is a fairly new alfa2-agonist which has been increasingly used in recent years for analgosedation, mostly because it offers a unique ability of providing both moderate level of sedation and analgesia without respiratory depression. Despite of many papers published, there are still only a few concerning the PK of the drug given as long-term infusion in ICU patients. The aim of this work was to characterize the population pharmacokinetics of dexmedetomidine and to investigate the potential benefits of individualization of drug dosing based on patient characteristics in the heterogeneous group of medical and surgical patients staying in intensive care unit...
December 30, 2017: Journal of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics
Amy B Petrinec, Bradley R Martin
OBJECTIVE: Family members of critically ill patients can suffer symptoms of post-intensive care syndrome-family (PICS-F), including anxiety, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with a diminished quality of life. Our aim was to examine the relationship between coping strategies used by family decision-makers (FDMs) of critically ill patients and the severity of PICS-F symptoms and to examine the relationship between FDM PICS-F symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQOL)...
December 26, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
Amir Vahedian-Azimi, Mohammadreza Hajiesmaeili, Mari Kangasniemi, Joana Fornés-Vives, Rita L Hunsucker, Farshid Rahimibashar, Mohammad A Pourhoseingholi, Leily Farrokhvar, Andrew C Miller
BACKGROUND: Health care is a demanding field, with a high level of responsibility and exposure to emotional and physical danger. High levels of stress may result in depression, anxiety, burnout syndrome, and in extreme cases, post-traumatic stress disorder. The aim of this study was to determine which personal, professional, and organizational variables are associated with greater perceived stress among critical care nurses for purposes of developing integrative solutions to decrease stress in the future...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Ayman El-Menyar, Rafael Consunji, Ahammed Mekkodathil, Ruben Peralta, Hassan Al-Thani
BACKGROUND Alcohol consumption is a high-risk factor for several medical disorders and traffic accidents and poses a burden on outpatient clinics and emergency units. We aimed to assess the pattern of alcohol screening among patients in a multicultural setting in a national referral hospital in an Arab Middle-Eastern country. MATERIAL AND METHODS A retrospective analysis was conducted for patients who were screened with blood alcohol concentration (BAC) in the Emergency Department (ED) in the period from January 2009 to December 2012...
December 24, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Anne Kathrine Langerud, Tone Rustøen, Milada Cvancarova Småstuen, Ulf Kongsgaard, Audun Stubhaug
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in potential long-term outcomes following intensive care, but few researchers have studied the prevalence of multiple symptoms or the association between pain and other symptoms. AIMS: To investigate the prevalence of anxiety, depression, fatigue, sleep disturbance and post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) among intensive care survivors 3 months and 1 year after being discharged from an intensive care unit (ICU) and to determine whether pain is associated with higher prevalence of these symptoms 3 months and 1 year after ICU stay...
January 2018: Nursing in Critical Care
Rocky Tsang, Pamela Hilvers, Philip J Lupo, Ronald Bronicki, Dean McKenzie, Paul A Checchia
Introduction Maternal obesity is associated with an increased risk for adverse perinatal outcomes. Obesity is also associated with a chronic inflammatory state and metabolic derangements that affect the newborn. The additional use of cardiopulmonary bypass during the neonatal period could impact the systemic inflammatory response in the immediate postoperative period that manifests as cardiac depression and multi-organ dysfunction. This study aimed to determine the association of maternal obesity and excessive weight gain during pregnancy with the immediate postoperative morbidity of neonatal patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass...
March 2018: Cardiology in the Young
Chanika Alahakoon, Tharaka Lagath Dassanayake, Indika Bandara Gawarammana, Vajira Senaka Weerasinghe
INTRODUCTION: Ingestion of organophosphorus insecticides (OPI) is a common method of deliberate self harm in the developing world. Deaths mainly follow as a result of the respiratory failure associated with both cholinergic crisis and the intermediate syndrome. Even though death can be prevented by early mechanical ventilation of these patients, limited studies are available regarding the prediction of intermediate syndrome and subsequent respiratory failure. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review articles that are published with regard to possible prediction of intermediate syndrome using clinical, biochemical and electrophysiological parameters...
December 5, 2017: Neurotoxicology
Changzhi Liu, Ruiqiu Zhu, Zhujiang Zhou, Haifeng Liu, Jingcheng Lin, Shuchao Wen, Liuer Zuo
Sepsis-induced cardiomyopathy is a reversible myocardial dysfunction due to sepsis, which may be severe enough to complicate cardiogenic shock, and without effective drug and with high mortality during the acute phase. A case of sepsis-induced cardiomyopathy complicated with cardiogenic shock was treated in the intensive care unit (ICU) of Shunde Hospital Southern Medical University. A 37 years old female patient was admitted because she had suffered repeated fever for 5 days, chest tightness and abdominal pain for 3 days...
December 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
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