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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141694/the-icu-diary-study-prospective-multicenter-comparative-study-of-the-impact-of-an-icu-diary-on-the-wellbeing-of-patients-and-families-in-french-icus
#1
Maïté Garrouste-Orgeas, Cécile Flahault, Léonor Fasse, Stéphane Ruckly, Nora Amdjar-Badidi, Laurent Argaud, Julio Badie, Amélie Bazire, Naike Bige, Eric Boulet, Lila Bouadma, Cédric Bretonnière, Bernard Floccard, Alain Gaffinel, Xavier de Forceville, Hubert Grand, Rebecca Halidfar, Olfa Hamzaoui, Mercé Jourdain, Paul-Henri Jost, Eric Kipnis, Audrey Large, Alexandre Lautrette, Olivier Lesieur, Virginie Maxime, Emmanuelle Mercier, Jean Paul Mira, Yannick Monseau, Erika Parmentier-Decrucq, Jean-Philippe Rigaud, Antoine Rouget, François Santoli, Georges Simon, Fabienne Tamion, Nathalie Thieulot-Rolin, Marina Thirion, Sandrine Valade, Isabelle Vinatier, Christel Vioulac, Sebastien Bailly, Jean-François Timsit
BACKGROUND: Post-intensive care syndrome includes the multiple consequences of an intensive care unit (ICU) stay for patients and families. It has become a new challenge for intensivists. Prevention programs have been disappointing, except for ICU diaries, which report the patient's story in the ICU. However, the effectiveness of ICU diaries for patients and families is still controversial, as the interpretation of the results of previous studies was open to criticism hampering an expanded use of the diary...
November 15, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138878/higher-cost-of-hospitalizations-for-non-cardiac-diagnoses-in-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease
#2
Michael D Seckeler, Ian D Thomas, Jennifer Andrews, Omar Meziab, Tabitha Moe, Elissa Heller, Scott E Klewer
Adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) are a rapidly increasing population and their impact on healthcare resources is not fully understood. The purpose of this study was to describe the costs of hospitalizations for non-cardiac disease for adults with CHD. We conducted a retrospective review of hospital discharge data from the University HealthSystem Consortium Clinical Data Base/Resource Manager from January 2011 through December 2013. Patients were ≥ 18 years old at admission with any ICD-9 code for moderate or high severity CHD; cardiac surgical admissions were excluded...
November 15, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137682/cefepime-induced-neurotoxicity-a-systematic-review
#3
Lauren E Payne, David J Gagnon, Richard R Riker, David B Seder, Elizabeth K Glisic, Jane G Morris, Gilles L Fraser
BACKGROUND: Cefepime is a widely used antibiotic with neurotoxicity attributed to its ability to cross the blood-brain barrier and exhibit concentration-dependent ϒ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) antagonism. Neurotoxic symptoms include depressed consciousness, encephalopathy, aphasia, myoclonus, seizures, and coma. Data suggest that up to 15% of ICU patients treated with cefepime may experience these adverse effects. Risk factors include renal dysfunction, excessive dosing, preexisting brain injury, and elevated serum cefepime concentrations...
November 14, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121983/early-psychological-screening-of-intensive-care-unit-survivors-a-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Anna Milton, Emily Brück, Anna Schandl, Matteo Bottai, Peter Sackey
BACKGROUND: A majority of patients survive their episode of critical illness but up to 30% of patients suffer from psychological problems such as post-traumatic stress, anxiety and depression in the year after intensive care unit (ICU) stay. A method to identify discharged patients at risk for adverse psychological outcome would be helpful in the triage for ICU follow-up and could enable early intervention. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether early screening with validated questionnaires after ICU discharge can identify patients at risk for symptoms of post-traumatic stress, anxiety and depression 3 months after ICU stay...
November 9, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112079/acute-physiologic-stress-and-subsequent-anxiety-among-family-members-of-icu-patients
#5
Sarah J Beesley, Ramona O Hopkins, Julianne Holt-Lunstad, Emily L Wilson, Jorie Butler, Kathryn G Kuttler, James Orme, Samuel M Brown, Eliotte L Hirshberg
OBJECTIVES: The ICU is a complex and stressful environment and is associated with significant psychologic morbidity for patients and their families. We sought to determine whether salivary cortisol, a physiologic measure of acute stress, was associated with subsequent psychologic distress among family members of ICU patients. DESIGN: This is a prospective, observational study of family members of adult ICU patients. SETTING: Adult medical and surgical ICU in a tertiary care center...
November 3, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108536/-post-intensive-care-syndrome
#6
EDITORIAL
Tilde Skovkær Withen Olesen, Mary Kruse, Malgorzata Pawlowicz-Dworzanska, Kirsten Klostergaard, Peter Derek Christian Leutscher
Patients surviving severe critical illness commonly develop post intensive care syndrome (PICS). The syndrome consists of a constellation of cognitive dysfunction, depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder combined with physical weakness. Different contributing risk factors for development of PICS have been identified. Furthermore, close family members of the patient are at risk of developing similar psychiatric manifestations. Focus should be on early preventive measures during hospitalization and post-ICU follow-up with a multidisciplinary approach...
November 6, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104806/a-retrospective-pilot-study-of-de-novo-antidepressant-medication-initiation-in-intensive-care-unit-patients-and-post-icu-depression
#7
Daniel Haines, Johanna Hild, Jianghua He, Lucy Stun, Angie Ballew, Justin L Green, Lewis Satterwhite, Brigid C Flynn
Post-ICU Syndromes (PICS) remain a devastating problem for intensive care unit (ICU) survivors. It is currently unknown if de novo initiation of an antidepressant medication during ICU stay decreases the prevalence of post-ICU depression. We performed a retrospective, pilot study evaluating patients who had not previously been on an antidepressant medication and who were started on an antidepressant while in the trauma surgical, cardiothoracic, or medical intensive care unit (ICU). The PHQ-2 depression scale was used to ascertain the presence of depression after ICU discharge and compared this to historical controls...
2017: Critical Care Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065073/exploring-acuity-adaptable-care-in-a-rural-hospital
#8
Tonya Sosebee, Robert Potter, Valarie Gilbert, Patricia Newcomb, Michelle Hampton
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess benefits of the acuity-adaptable (AA) care model in rural hospitals. BACKGROUND: The AA model aims to provide care in the same space from admission to discharge regardless of acuity. Evidence is lacking to support claims that AA care will improve patient safety, increase nurse productivity, and improve patient/staff satisfaction in rural hospitals. METHODS: Patients admitted to a rural intensive care unit (ICU) were allocated to an AA group or an ICU group...
November 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064874/continuous-pulse-oximetry-and-capnography-monitoring-for-postoperative-respiratory-depression-and-adverse-events-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Thach Lam, Mahesh Nagappa, Jean Wong, Mandeep Singh, David Wong, Frances Chung
BACKGROUND: Death and anoxic brain injury from unrecognized postoperative respiratory depression (PORD) is a serious concern for patient safety. The American Patient Safety Foundation has called for continuous electronic monitoring for all patients receiving opioids in the postoperative period. These recommendations are based largely on consensus opinion with currently limited evidence. The objective of this study is to review the current state of knowledge on the effectiveness of continuous pulse oximetry (CPOX) versus routine nursing care and the effectiveness of continuous capnography monitoring with or without pulse oximetry for detecting PORD and preventing postoperative adverse events in the surgical ward...
October 19, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033252/impact-of-prior-icu-experience-on-icu-patient-family-members-psychological-distress-a-descriptive-study
#10
Chrystal L Lewis, Jessica Z Taylor
OBJECTIVE: To determine if current levels of anxiety, depression and acute stress disorder symptoms differ significantly among family members of intensive-care-unit patients depending upon previous intensive-care experience. RESEARCH DESIGN: This study used a prospective, descriptive study design. SETTING: Family members (N=127) from patients admitted within a 72-hour timeframe to the medical, surgical, cardiac and neurological intensive care units were recruited from waiting rooms at a medium-sized community hospital in the Southeastern United States...
October 12, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026843/melatonin-supplementation-may-improve-the-outcome-of-patients-with-hemorrhagic-stroke-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#11
Mehrnoush Dianatkhah, Atabak Najafi, Mohammad Sharifzadeh, Arezoo Ahmadi, Hamidreza Sharifnia, Mojtaba Mojtahedzadeh, Farhad Najmeddin, Azadeh Moghaddas
OBJECTIVE: Although mechanical ventilation is frequently a life-saving therapy, its use can result in unwanted side effects. It has been well documented that the choice of sedating agent may influence the duration of mechanical ventilation. Melatonin is a sedative and analgesic agent without any respiratory depressant effect which makes it an attractive adjuvant for sedation in the intubated patients. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of melatonin on the duration of mechanical ventilation in patients with hemorrhagic stroke...
July 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991949/post-intensive-care-unit-psychiatric-comorbidity-and-quality-of-life
#12
Sophia Wang, Chris Mosher, Anthony J Perkins, Sujuan Gao, Sue Lasiter, Sikandar Khan, Malaz Boustani, Babar Khan
The prevalence of psychiatric symptoms ranges from 17% to 44% in intensive care unit (ICU) survivors. The relationship between the comorbidity of psychiatric symptoms and quality of life (QoL) in ICU survivors has not been carefully examined. This study examined the relationship between psychiatric comorbidities and QoL in 58 survivors of ICU delirium. Patients completed 3 psychiatric screens at 3 months after discharge from the hospital, including the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) for depression, the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7) questionnaire for anxiety, and the Post-Traumatic Stress Syndrome (PTSS- 10) questionnaire for posttraumatic stress disorder...
October 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979531/time-for-change-a-national-audit-on-bereavement-care-in-intensive-care-units
#13
M Berry, E Brink, V Metaxa
INTRODUCTION: Bereaved ICU family members frequently experience anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder, which have been associated with significantly impaired quality of life. Recognising that their needs extend beyond the support provided by their friends and family, the Intensive Care Society had published in 1998 recommendations around bereavement care. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present national audit was to compare bereavement services in England against the nine recommendations set out by the Intensive Care Society guidelines...
February 2017: J Intensive Care Soc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968409/a-brief-intervention-for-preparing-icu-families-to-be-proxies-a-phase-i-study
#14
Alison E Turnbull, Caroline M Chessare, Rachel K Coffin, Dale M Needham
BACKGROUND: Family members of critically ill patients report high levels of conflict with clinicians, have poor understanding of prognosis, struggle to make decisions, and experience substantial symptoms of anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress regardless of patient survival status. Efficient interventions are needed to prepare these families to act as patient proxies. OBJECTIVES: To assess a brief "patient activation" intervention designed to set expectations and prepare families of adult intensive care unit (ICU) patients to communicate effectively with the clinical team...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960534/factors-associated-with-demoralization-syndrome-in-patients-before-and-after-cardiac-surgery
#15
Hsiu-Yun Liao, Chaw-Chi Chiu, Ying-Ying Ko, Hsing-Mei Chen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This paper sought to investigate the incidence of and contributors to demoralization syndrome among patients before and after cardiac surgery. BACKGROUND: Demoralization syndrome is a common but neglected phenomenon in nursing practice. Patients who require cardiac surgery experience demoralization syndrome more often than they experience depression. DESIGN: A prospective correlational design was applied. METHODS: A convenience sample of 76 participants undergoing cardiac surgery was recruited from the cardiovascular wards of two medical centres in Taiwan...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936695/early-application-of-airway-pressure-release-ventilation-may-reduce-the-duration-of-mechanical-ventilation-in-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#16
Yongfang Zhou, Xiaodong Jin, Yinxia Lv, Peng Wang, Yunqing Yang, Guopeng Liang, Bo Wang, Yan Kang
PURPOSE: Experimental animal models of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) have shown that the updated airway pressure release ventilation (APRV) methodologies may significantly improve oxygenation, maximize lung recruitment, and attenuate lung injury, without circulatory depression. This led us to hypothesize that early application of APRV in patients with ARDS would allow pulmonary function to recover faster and would reduce the duration of mechanical ventilation as compared with low tidal volume lung protective ventilation (LTV)...
September 22, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936597/terminal-weaning-or-immediate-extubation-for-withdrawing-mechanical-ventilation-in-critically-ill-patients-the-arreve-observational-study
#17
René Robert, Amélie Le Gouge, Nancy Kentish-Barnes, Alice Cottereau, Bruno Giraudeau, Mélanie Adda, Djillali Annane, Juliette Audibert, François Barbier, Patrick Bardou, Simon Bourcier, Jeremy Bourenne, Alexandre Boyer, François Brenas, Vincent Das, Arnaud Desachy, Jérôme Devaquet, Marc Feissel, Frédérique Ganster, Maïté Garrouste-Orgeas, Guillaume Grillet, Olivier Guisset, Rebecca Hamidfar-Roy, Anne-Claire Hyacinthe, Sebastien Jochmans, Mercé Jourdain, Alexandre Lautrette, Nicolas Lerolle, Olivier Lesieur, Fabien Lion, Philippe Mateu, Bruno Megarbane, Sybille Merceron, Emmanuelle Mercier, Jonathan Messika, Paul Morin-Longuet, Bénédicte Philippon-Jouve, Jean-Pierre Quenot, Anne Renault, Xavier Repesse, Jean-Philippe Rigaud, Ségolène Robin, Antoine Roquilly, Amélie Seguin, Didier Thevenin, Patrice Tirot, Isabelle Vinatier, Elie Azoulay, Jean Reignier
PURPOSE: The relative merits of immediate extubation versus terminal weaning for mechanical ventilation withdrawal are controversial, particularly regarding the experience of patients and relatives. METHODS: This prospective observational multicentre study (ARREVE) was done in 43 French ICUs to compare terminal weaning and immediate extubation, as chosen by the ICU team. Terminal weaning was a gradual decrease in the amount of ventilatory assistance and immediate extubation was extubation without any previous decrease in ventilatory assistance...
September 22, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920927/no-impact-of-preadmission-anti-inflammatory-drug-use-on-risk-of-depression-and-anxiety-after-critical-illness
#18
Clara R Medici, Jaimie L Gradus, Lars Pedersen, Henrik T Sørensen, Søren D Østergaard, Christian F Christiansen
OBJECTIVES: Risk of depression and anxiety is elevated after intensive care. Drugs with anti-inflammatory properties may have antidepressant and anxiolytic effects. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between preadmission use of drugs with anti-inflammatory effects and risk of new-onset depression and anxiety among adult patients admitted to an ICU. DESIGN: Propensity score-matched, population-based cohort study. SETTING: All ICUs in Denmark from 2005 to 2013...
October 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915199/the-overlap-between-burnout-and-depression-in-icu-staff
#19
Gillian A Colville, Jared G Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914277/antidepressant-use-and-depressive-symptoms-in-intensive-care-unit-survivors
#20
Sophia Wang, Chris Mosher, Sujuan Gao, Kayla Kirk, Sue Lasiter, Sikander Khan, You Na Kheir, Malaz Boustani, Babar Khan
Nearly 30% of intensive care unit (ICU) survivors have depressive symptoms 2-12 months after hospital discharge. We examined the prevalence of depressive symptoms and risk factors for depressive symptoms in 204 patients at their initial evaluation in the Critical Care Recovery Center (CCRC), an ICU survivor clinic based at Eskenazi Hospital in Indianapolis, Indiana. Thirty-two percent (N = 65) of patients had depressive symptoms on initial CCRC visit. For patients who are not on an antidepressant at their initial CCRC visit (N = 135), younger age and lower education level were associated with a higher likelihood of having depressive symptoms...
September 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
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