Read by QxMD icon Read

calcium absorption

Guo Liu, Shengwei Sun, Baoyan Guo, Benchun Miao, Zhen Luo, Zumeng Xia, Danyang Ying, Fei Liu, Bin Guo, Jian Tang, Yong Cao, Jianyin Miao
Casein phosphopeptides (CPPs) have been demonstrated to be calcium chelators. Unfortunately, few studies have been reported on the effects of CPPs on the mechanism of the uptake and absorption of Ca2+ and bone metabolism. In this study, a monomeric peptide fraction isolated by RP-HPLC (F6-1) that possessed high calcium transport capacity in Caco-2 cell monolayers was separated and characterized. The effects of F6-1 on the absorption mechanisms of Ca2+ in a Caco-2 monolayer model and bone metabolism in rats were investigated...
March 20, 2018: Food & Function
Elzbieta Klimuszko, Karolina Orywal, Teresa Sierpinska, Jarosław Sidun, Maria Golebiewska
Enamel is the structure that covers the entire clinical crown of a tooth. It enables to chew and crush food, and gives a final shape to the crowns of teeth. To evaluate calcium and magnesium contents in tooth enamel and analyse relationships between the study minerals extracted human permanent teeth were cut at every 150 microns and subjected into acid biopsy. The amounts of calcium and magnesium were assessed in the laboratory using atomic absorption spectroscopy with an air/acetylene flame. The lowest calcium and magnesium contents were found on the enamel surface of the teeth...
March 19, 2018: Odontology
Franziska Just, Michael Oster, Kirsten Büsing, Luisa Borgelt, Eduard Murani, Siriluck Ponsuksili, Petra Wolf, Klaus Wimmers
BACKGROUND: In monogastric animals, phosphorus (P) homeostasis is maintained by regulating intestinal absorption, bone mobilization, and renal excretion. Since P is a non-renewable resource, a shortage is imminent due to widespread over-usage in the farming and animal husbandry industries. As a consequence, P efficiency should be improved in pig production. We sought to characterize the transcriptional response in re-/absorbing and excreting tissues in pigs to diets varying in calcium: phosphorus ratios...
March 20, 2018: BMC Genomics
Altair B Dos Santos, Kristi A Kohlmeier, Marcelo E Rocha, George E Barreto, Jeferson A Barreto, Ana Carla A de Souza, Marcos A Bezerra
Imbalances in metals have emerged as playing a role in the pathophysiology of Parkinson's Disease (PD). Monitoring of metal levels could serve as a biomarker of presence, or future development, of this disease. To this end, we evaluated the ability of flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS) to assess the concentrations of Ca, Fe and Zn in hair of PD patients and to investigate if there was an association with age and disease duration. Hair samples were collected from 26 clinically-diagnosed PD patients, and 33 healthy individuals...
May 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
Shuping Peng, Lihua Cao, Shiwei He, Yancheng Zhong, Haotian Ma, Yanru Zhang, Cijun Shuai
Bone regeneration is very important for the recovery of some diseases including osteoporosis and bone fracture trauma. It is a multiple-step- and multiple-gene-involved complex process, including the matrix secretion and calcium mineralization by osteoblasts differentiated from mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and the absorption of calcium and phosphorus by osteoclasts differentiated from hematopoietic stem cells. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are a family of transcripts longer than 200 nt without or with very low protein-coding potential...
2018: Stem Cells International
Benshui Shu, Jingjing Zhang, Gaofeng Cui, Ranran Sun, Xin Yi, Guohua Zhong
Azadirachtin, the environmentally friendly botanical pesticide, has been used as an antifeedant and pest growth regulator in integrated pest management for decades. It has shown strong biological activity against Spodoptera litura , but the mechanism of toxicity remains unclear. The present study showed that azadirachtin inhibited the growth of S. litura larvae, which was resulted by structure destroy and size inhibition of the midgut. Digital gene expression (DGE) analysis of midgut suggested that azadirachtin regulated the transcriptional level of multiple unigenes involved in mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and calcium apoptotic signaling pathways...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Sergio Allegrini, Antonio Carlos da Silva, Maristela Tsujita, Marcos Barbosa Salles, Sergio Alexandre Gerhke, Francisco José Correa Braga
Synthetic biomaterials submitted to new structural technologies have become ideal for the recovery of traumatized bone tissues and some bone substitutes such as bioactive glass, β-Tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) and amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP) are being used in areas of tissue defects. For this study, ACP was produced in the form of fibers and then submitted to cytotoxicity testing. A sample of ACP was inserted into the mandibular region of a patient with a lost implant so after removal and curettage, the remaining bone site was filled with the ACP biomaterial...
March 13, 2018: Microscopy Research and Technique
C Vignesh, Madhan Kumar, Ramesh Venkataraman, Senthilkumar Rajagopal, Nagarajan Ramakrishnan, Babu K Abraham
Overdose of cardiovascular medications such as beta blockers and calcium channel blockers cause impaired cardiac contractility, vasoplegia, and/or rhythm disturbances. In addition to conventional management of limiting absorption, increasing elimination and hemodynamic support intravenous (IV) calcium infusion, hyperinsulinemia-euglycemia therapy, glucagon infusion, and IV lipid emulsion have been tried. Extracorporeal circulatory assist device support has been reported as a rescue therapy in overdose refractory to maximal medical therapy...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
V L N Brandao, X Dai, E M Paula, L G Silva, M I Marcondes, T Shenkoru, S R Poulson, A P Faciola
Camelina is a drought- and salt-tolerant oil seed, which in total ether extract (EE) contains up to 74% polyunsaturated fatty acids. The objective of this study was to assess the effects of replacing calcium salts of palm oil (Megalac, Church & Dwight Co. Inc., Princeton, NJ) with camelina seed (CS) on ruminal fermentation, digestion, and flows of fatty acids (FA) and AA in a dual-flow continuous culture system when supplemented at 5 or 8% dietary EE. Diets were randomly assigned to 8 fermentors in a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement of treatments in a replicated 4 × 4 Latin square design, with four 10-d experimental periods consisting of 7 d for diet adaptation and 3 d for sample collection...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
E Bandali, Y Wang, Y Lan, M A Rogers, S A Shapses
In vivo studies measuring true fractional calcium (Ca) absorption have shown that dietary fat is a significant predictor of absorption and is influenced by luminal pH levels. However, whether changes in Ca bioaccessibility (CaB) can explain the effects on absorption has not been examined. In the current study, we examined two high fat diets enriched in either monounsaturated fatty acids or saturated fatty acids (SFA), and a low-fat diet (LFD), each with 50 mg Ca, and measured CaB at different intestinal regions during normal acidic or higher (pH = 7) gastrointestinal conditions using an in vitro gastrointestinal model...
March 7, 2018: Food & Function
Anla Hu, Li Li, Chuanlai Hu, Daoming Zhang, Chen Wang, Yan Jiang, Meng Zhang, Chunmei Liang, Wenjun Chen, Qingli Bo, Qihong Zhao
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection can interfere with the absorption of most elements, and the variations of some element levels are related to the incidence of gastric cancer. However, there have been conflicting results concerning the influence of H. pylori infection on serum element levels. The present study aimed to compare the serum element concentrations of H. pylori-infected local residents with uninfected residents from Lujiang County with high gastric cancer risk in Eastern China. We used data and serum samples from the H...
March 3, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Katharina T Schrapers, Gerhard Sponder, Franziska Liebe, Hendrik Liebe, Friederike Stumpff
Absorption of ammonia from the gastrointestinal tract results in problems that range from hepatic encephalopathy in humans to poor nitrogen efficiency of cattle with consequences for the global climate. Previous studies on epithelia and cells from the native ruminal epithelium suggest functional involvement of the bovine homologue of TRPV3 (bTRPV3) in ruminal NH4+ transport. Since the conductance of TRP channels to NH4+ has never been studied, bTRPV3 was overexpressed in HEK-293 cells and investigated using the patch-clamp technique and intracellular calcium imaging...
2018: PloS One
David Parker, Gareth Williams, Edward Walter
Four alkynyl-1-naphthyl fluorophores have been synthesised with tri- or pentadentate ligating groups suited to the binding of magnesium. Their photophysical and binding properties for magnesium, calcium and zinc ions have been assessed using absorption, emission and excitation spectroscopy. Each compound has a pKa value between 6.2 and 5.1 and exhibits no significant pH response around pH 7.2. Enhanced selectivity for Mg2+ over Ca2+ was observed with a pentadentate phosphinate substituted system, compared to its carboxylate analogue, due to a 10-fold lowering of affinity for the Ca2+ ion...
February 28, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
Hatice Yesim Karasulu, E Gundogdu, U O Turk, T Turgay, S Apaydın, I Yildırım Simsir, C Yılmaz, E Karasulu
The aim of this study was to develop new Rosuvastatin calcium (RCa) self emulsifying drug delivery system (SEDDS) and to evaluate the bioavailability and pharmacodynamic effect of RCa-SEDDS in Yorkshire pigs. Firstly, SEDDS was developed and prepared then RCa was incorporated into SEDDS which was evaluated regarding their characterization, stability properties, drug release profiles, permeation and cytotoxicity studies. Finally, in vivo performance of RCa-SEDDS (F1-RCa-SEDDS) was examined by pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamics studies...
February 25, 2018: Current Drug Delivery
Kornkamon Lertsuwan, Kannikar Wongdee, Jarinthorn Teerapornpuntakit, Narattaphol Charoenphandhu
Osteoporosis and derangement of calcium homeostasis are common complications of thalassemia. Despite being an important process for bone and calcium metabolism, little is known about intestinal calcium transport in thalassemia. Recent reports of decreases in both intestinal calcium transport and bone mineral density in thalassemic patients and animal models suggested that defective calcium absorption might be a cause of thalassemic bone disorder. Herein, the possible mechanisms associated with intestinal calcium malabsorption in thalassemia are discussed...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Physiological Sciences: JPS
Anne Marie Uwitonze, Mohammed S Razzaque
Nutrients usually act in a coordinated manner in the body. Intestinal absorption and subsequent metabolism of a particular nutrient, to a certain extent, is dependent on the availability of other nutrients. Magnesium and vitamin D are 2 essential nutrients that are necessary for the physiologic functions of various organs. Magnesium assists in the activation of vitamin D, which helps regulate calcium and phosphate homeostasis to influence the growth and maintenance of bones. All of the enzymes that metabolize vitamin D seem to require magnesium, which acts as a cofactor in the enzymatic reactions in the liver and kidneys...
March 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
K Uenishi, M Tokiwa, S Kato, M Shiraki
There were two errors in this article. 1. In the section "Ethical considerations", the registration number of the study was incorrectly given as UMIN000024492. The correct number is UMIN0000 20267. 2. The Acknowledgments paragraph was incomplete.
February 26, 2018: Osteoporosis International
H Rojo, A C Scheinost, B Lothenbach, A Laube, E Wieland, J Tits
Safety assessment studies of future nuclear waste repositories carried out in many countries predict selenium-79 to be a critical radionuclide due to its presence as anion in three relevant oxidation states (vi, iv, -ii) resulting in weak retardation by most common rock minerals. This assumption, however, ignores its potential uptake by AFm phases, positively charged anion exchangers, which are present in significant quantities in the cementitious materials used in artificial barriers. Here we report for the first time wet chemistry and spectroscopic data on the interaction of the most relevant selenium anion species under the expected strongly reducing conditions, i...
February 26, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Susanna S Sova, Leo Tjäderhane, Pasi A Heikkilä, Jukka Jernvall
Domestic pig molars provide an interesting system to study the biomineralization process. The large size, thick enamel and complex crown morphology make pig molars relatively similar to human molars. However, compared to human molars, pig molars develop considerably faster. Here we use microCT to image the developing pig molars and to decipher spatial patterns of biomineralization. We used mineral grains to calibrate individual microCT-scans, which allowed an accurate measure of the electron density of the developing molars...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Joana Corte-Real, Torsten Bohn
Several divalent minerals, including the macroelements calcium and magnesium, are essential nutrients for humans. However, their intake, especially via high-dose supplements, has been suspected to reduce the availability of lipophilic dietary constituents, including lipids, liposoluble vitamins, and several phytochemicals such as carotenoids. These constituents require emulsification in order to be bioavailable, and high divalent mineral concentrations may perturb this process, due to precipitations of free fatty acids or bile salt complexation, both pivotal for mixed micelle formation...
June 30, 2018: Food Chemistry
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"