keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

bone phosphorus

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159454/phosphorus-transformations-in-plant-based-and-bio-waste-materials-induced-by-pyrolysis
#1
James Stephen Robinson, Karen Baumann, Yongfeng Hu, Philipp Hagemann, Lutz Kebelmann, Peter Leinweber
Strategies are needed to increase the sustainability of phosphorus (P) fertiliser management in agriculture. This paper reports on the potential of pyrolysis treatment to recycle P from renewable materials previously regarded as wastes. The study used K-edge X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy to examine chemical forms of P in the waste feedstock materials and corresponding biochars (pyrolysis at 480-500 °C) of four ligno-cellulosic, plant-based residues and five relatively P-rich livestock and water-treatment by-products, to acquire information on changes in potential P fertiliser value...
November 20, 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159450/lower-dietary-phosphorus-supply-in-pigs-match-both-animal-welfare-aspects-and-resource-efficiency
#2
Michael Oster, Christian Gerlinger, Kaja Heide, Franziska Just, Luisa Borgelt, Petra Wolf, Christian Polley, Brigitte Vollmar, Eduard Muráni, Siriluck Ponsuksili, Klaus Wimmers
Dietary phosphorus frequently exceeds age-specific requirements and pig manure often contains high phosphorus load which causes environmental burden at regional scales. Therefore, feeding strategies towards improved phosphorus efficiency and reduced environmental phosphorus load have to be developed. A 5-week feeding trial was conducted: piglets received medium, lower (-25%), or higher (+25%) amounts of phosphorus and calcium. Dietary responses were reflected by performance parameters, bone characteristics, and molecular data retrieved from serum, intestinal mucosa, and kidney cortex (p < 0...
November 20, 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151982/the-effect-of-low-magnitude-low-frequency-vibrations-lmlf-on-osteogenic-differentiation-potential-of-human-adipose-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#3
Monika Marędziak, Daniel Lewandowski, Krzysztof A Tomaszewski, Krzysztof Kubiak, Krzsztof Marycz
Introduction: In the current study, we investigated the effect of low magnitude, low frequency (LMLF) mechanical vibrations on the osteogenic differentiation potential of human adipose derived mesenchymal stem cells (hASC), taken from elderly patients. Methods: During 21 days in osteogenic culture medium, cells were periodically exposed to three different frequencies (25, 35 and 45 Hz) of continuous sinusoidal oscillation, using a vibration generator. We measured cell proliferation, cell morphology, calcium and phosphorus deposition using Almar Blue assay, fluorescence microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and a EDX detector, respectively...
2017: Cellular and Molecular Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146231/is-hungry-bone-syndrome-a-cause-of-postoperative-hypocalcemia-after-total-thyroidectomy-in-thyrotoxicosis-a-prospective-study-with-bone-mineral-density-correlation
#4
Poongkodi Karunakaran, Chandrasekaran Maharajan, Srinivasan Ramalingam, Suresh Venkatesh Rachmadugu
BACKGROUND: Hungry bone syndrome is a well-established cause of postoperative hypocalcemia in thyrotoxicosis. To date, the incidence of hungry bone syndrome after total thyroidectomy is unclear. This prospective study examined the incidence of postthyroidectomy hungry bone syndrome and its correlation with preoperative bone mineral density. METHODS: Forty thyrotoxic subjects (Group A; age: mean ± SD; 36.5 ± 9.8 years) and 40 euthyroid controls with benign thyroid nodules (Group B) undergoing total thyroidectomy were evaluated for preoperative bone mineral density and serum calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, parathyroid hormone, alkaline phosphatase, and 25-Hydroxy Vitamin D serially...
November 14, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145330/pathologic-femoral-fracture-due-to-tenofovir-induced-fanconi-syndrome-in-patient-with-chronic-hepatitis-b-a-case-report
#5
You-Sung Suh, Dong-Il Chun, Sung-Woo Choi, Hwan-Woong Lee, Jae-Hwi Nho, Soon-Hyo Kwon, Jae-Ho Cho, Sung Hun Won
RATIONALE: We report a case of a hepatitis B virus (HBV)-positive patient with preexisting bone disease who developed tenofovir-induced Fanconi syndrome and subsequently sustained pathologic fracture. To our best knowledge, this is the first report in the English literature about pathologic femoral fracture due to tenofovir-induced Fanconi syndrome in patient with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). The present report describes detailed our experience with the diagnosis of pathologic femoral fracture due to tenofovir-induced Fanconi syndrome and treatment...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141319/-homozygous-ectonucleotide-pyrophosphatase-phosphodiesterase-1-variants-in-a-girl-with-hypophosphatemic-rickets-and-literature-review
#6
Z Q Liu, X B Chen, F Y Song, K Gao, M F Qiu, Y Qian, M Du
Objective: To investigate the clinical features and genetic characteristics of patients with ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase 1 (ENPP1) gene variants. Method: The clinical data of a patient with ENPP1 homozygous variants from Capital Institute of Pediatrics was collected, the related literature was searched from China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Data Knowledge Service Platform, National Center from Biotechnology Information and PubMed by using search term "ENPP1" , "hypophosphatemic rickets" ...
November 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139246/-systemic-evaluation-and-meta-analysis-of-xianling-gubao-capsule-in-treatment-of-primary-osteoporosis-in-randomized-controlled-trials
#7
Gui-Qian Wang, Xing Liao, Yi-Li Zhang, Yan-Ming Xie
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Xianling Gubao capsule in the treatment of osteoporosis (OP). Eight Chinese and English databases were retrieved (from establishment to February 2017), and clinical trials were screened according to the preset inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria. Then risk assessment tools were used for quality evaluation of the studies, and data extraction and analysis were conducted by using RevMan 5.3 software for Meta-analysis. A total of 1 895 articles were retrieved, and finally 54 studies were included...
August 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138818/%C3%AE-%C3%A2-ecdysterone-promotes-autophagy-and-inhibits-apoptosis-in-osteoporotic-rats
#8
Yang-Hua Tang, Zhen-Shuang Yue, Da-Wei Xin, Lin-Ru Zeng, Zhen-Fei Xiong, Zhong-Qing Hu, Can-Da Xu
Osteoporosis is an aging process of skeletal tissues with characteristics of reductions in bone mass and microarchitectural deterioration of bone tissue. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of glucocorticoid‑induced osteoporosis on osteoblasts and to examine the roles of β‑ecdysterone (β‑Ecd) involved. In the present study, an in vivo model of osteoporosis was established through the subcutaneous implantation of prednisolone (PRED) into Sprague‑Dawley rats, with or without a subcutaneous injection of β‑Ecd (5 or 10 mg/kg body weight)...
November 14, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136778/zuogui-pill-improves-the-dexamethasone-induced-osteoporosis-progression-in-zebrafish-larvae
#9
Heng Yin, Shanfu Wang, Yafeng Zhang, Mao Wu, JianWei Wang, Yong Ma
The current study was to evaluate the protective effects of Chinese medicine prescription Zuogui Pill (ZGP) on osteoporosis (OP) in zebrafish larvae induced by dexamethasone. Alizarin Red staining, calcium and phosphorus determination were performed to evaluate the effect of ZGP on bone mineralization. Hydroxyproline (HP), Alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) were also measured by commercial kits. We found that ZGP had positive effects in increasing bone mineral content (BMC), strengthening bone biomechanical, promoting bone formation, inhibiting bone resorption, and mediating protein levels of TGF-β1/Smads signaling pathway...
November 7, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134690/faecal-calcium-excretion-does-not-decrease-during-long-term-feeding-of-a-low-calcium-diet-in-adult-dogs
#10
S Schmitt, J Mack, E Kienzle, L G Alexander, P J Morris, A Colyer, B Dobenecker
According to a previous meta-analysis, adult dogs do not notably increase calcium absorption from the gastrointestinal tract when calcium intake is decreased. This results in a negative calcium balance even with a moderate calcium reduction. In this study we wanted to verify (i) whether a negative calcium balance occurs at a calcium intake equivalent to NRC (2006) (Nutrient requirements of dogs and cats, 2006, The National Academies Press, Washington, DC) minimal requirements, and if so (ii) whether the negative calcium balance will persist for up to 6 months on a low-calcium diet...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123427/effect-of-age-and-estrogen-on-biochemical-markers-of-bone-turnover-in-postmenopausal-women-a-population-based-study-from-nepal
#11
Bashu Dev Pardhe, Sabala Pathak, Anjeela Bhetwal, Sumitra Ghimire, Shreena Shakya, Puspa Raj Khanal, Sujan Babu Marahatta
Background: Osteoporosis, a common disease worldwide, is characterized by low bone mass and architectural deterioration of bone tissue, leading to enhanced bone fragility and increase in fracture risks. Both menopause and aging are related factors leading to greater risk of bone disease, particularly among postmenopausal women. Hence, the main purpose of this study was to investigate the differences in biochemical markers of bone turnover and to evaluate the association of hormones and age-related factors with biochemical markers between pre- and postmenopausal women...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118767/long-term-progression-of-coronary-artery-calcification-is-independent-of-classical-risk-factors-c-reactive-protein-and-parathyroid-hormone-in-renal-transplant-patients
#12
Sibel Gulcicek, Carmine Zoccali, Deniz Çebi Olgun, Giovanni Tripepi, Selma Alagoz, Serkan Feyyaz Yalın, Sinan Trabulus, Mehmet R Altiparmak, Nurhan Seyahi
Aims: Compared to the general population, mortality is significantly increased in renal transplant recipients. In the general population, coronary artery calcification (CAC) and its evolution over time are associated with cardiovascular and all-cause mortality, and the study of this biomarker could provide useful information for describing the long-term progression of coronary heart disease in renal transplant recipients. Methods: We followed up a cohort of 113 renal transplant patients by performing three multi-detector computed tomography studies over 83...
October 2017: Cardiorenal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114326/phosphonic-acid-preparation-and-applications
#13
REVIEW
Charlotte M Sevrain, Mathieu Berchel, Hélène Couthon, Paul-Alain Jaffrès
The phosphonic acid functional group, which is characterized by a phosphorus atom bonded to three oxygen atoms (two hydroxy groups and one P=O double bond) and one carbon atom, is employed for many applications due to its structural analogy with the phosphate moiety or to its coordination or supramolecular properties. Phosphonic acids were used for their bioactive properties (drug, pro-drug), for bone targeting, for the design of supramolecular or hybrid materials, for the functionalization of surfaces, for analytical purposes, for medical imaging or as phosphoantigen...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112750/high-stocking-density-alters-bone-related-calcium-and-phosphorus-metabolism-by-changing-intestinal-absorption-in-broiler-chickens
#14
Z W Sun, Q H Fan, X X Wang, Y M Guo, H J Wang, X Dong
Live performance, bone health and metabolic responses to the interaction among stocking density and dietary concentrations of total calcium (TCa) and non-phytate phosphorus (NPP) were determined on 2,232 Ross 308 female broilers over a 3-wk experimental period. From 22 d of age, birds were randomly divided into 48 groups and provided with different corn-soybean meal-based diets varying in TCa (0.70% or 0.90%) and NPP (0.28% or 0.36%) content at 1 of 2 stocking densities [28.6 (LSD, 13 broilers/m2) and 39.6 (HSD, 18 broilers/m2) kg of predicted final BW/m2 floor space], according to a 2 × 2 × 2 factorial design with 6 replications in each treatment...
November 3, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112181/vitamin-d-supplementation-in-respiratory-diseases-evidence-from-rct
#15
Carolien Mathyssen, Ghislaine Gayan-Ramirez, Roger Bouillon, Wim Janssens
Pulmonary diseases are one of the most important causes for morbidity and mortality. Although vitamin D is best known for its role in calcium, phosphorus and bone homeostasis, in the recent years vitamin D has gained attention because of a wide range of extra-skeletal effects including its immunomodulatory and antibacterial potential. Vitamin D deficiency is highly prevalent in chronic pulmonary diseases such as Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), cystic fibrosis, tuberculosis and asthma and several clinical studies have been conducted investigating the effect of vitamin D supplementation on disease outcomes...
November 2, 2017: Polish Archives of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104033/oral-and-maxillofacial-manifestations-of-chronic-kidney-disease-mineral-and-bone-disorder-a-multicenter-retrospective-study
#16
Flávia Sirotheau Corrêa Pontes, Márcio Ajudarte Lopes, Lucas Lacerda de Souza, Diogo Dos Santos da Mata Rezende, Alan Roger Santos-Silva, Jacks Jorge, Wagner Gomes da Silva, Fábio Ramôa Pires, André Caroli Rocha, Wladimir Gushiken de Campos, Milena Coelho Fernandes Caldato, Regina Matsunaga Martin, Felipe Paiva Fonseca, Hélder Antônio Rebelo Pontes
OBJECTIVE: To describe the oral and maxillofacial manifestations of patients diagnosed with chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorders. STUDY DESIGN: Over a 13-year period, clinicopathologic data of patients diagnosed with CKD-MBD who had oral and maxillofacial alterations were retrieved from the files of 4 Brazilian institutions. Data included clinical, radiographic, microscopic, and biochemical findings; treatment employed; and follow-up status. RESULTS: Twenty-one cases were identified, with 13 patients diagnosed as brown tumor of hyperparathyroidism (BTH) and 8 as osteitis fibrosa/renal osteodystrophy (OF/RO) (4 of them clinically consistent with Sagliker syndrome)...
October 10, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101656/impact-of-enteric-health-and-mucosal-permeability-on-skeletal-health-and-lameness-in-poultry
#17
L R Bielke, B M Hargis, J D Latorre
Intestinal barrier leakage and/or altered gut microbial composition has been shown to markedly impact both osteoblast and osteoclast activities, systemically through circulation of gut immune cells and cytokines and locally by causing inflammation of extraintestinal organs such as the liver and bone marrow. Mild cases of heightened intestinal inflammation can cause bone loss in male mice in the absence of any overt nutritional deficiencies or weight loss, which has also been shown in chickens that have been infected with Salmonella...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097602/prevalence-of-dental-disorders-in-degus-and-evaluation-of-diagnostic-methods-to-determine-dental-disease-and-its-prognosis
#18
Hester van Bolhuis, Lotte van Hoffen, Martine van Zijll Langhout, Heleen van Engeldorp Gastelaars, Wouter Hendriks, Marnix Lamberts, Marja Kik
Degus (Octodon degus) are prone to develop dental disease with deleterious health effects. The two studies reported here aimed to determine the prevalence of dental disorders in degus and to identify and evaluate diagnostic tools for determination of prognosis of these disorders. In study A, health data from 225 degus at AAP, Rescue Center for Exotic Animals in the Netherlands, were collated and the prevalence of dental disorders and differences in sex and age at clinical onset of symptoms associated with dental disorders were described...
November 2, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093248/-effect-of-cinacalcet-combined-with-low-dose-calcitriol-on-clinical-outcome-and-bone-metabolism-in-patients-with-severe-secondary-hyperparathyroidism
#19
Fang Yuan, Xing Chen, Chang Wang, An Zhou, Hong Liu
To observe the clinical outcome and the effect of the combination of cinacalcet hydrochloride with low-dose calcitriol on bone metabolism in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients with severe secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT).
 Methods: Thirty SHPT patients were enrolled to receive treatment of cinacalcet combined with low-dose calcitriol, with inclusion criteria as follows: maintenance on MHD>6 months; serum intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH)>600 pg/mL; parathyroid glands with more than 1 nodules by ultrasonography; traditional therapy with no effects...
October 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080638/biology-and-mechanisms-of-action-of-the-vitamin-d-hormone
#20
REVIEW
J Wesley Pike, Sylvia Christakos
The central role of hormonal 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3] is to regulate calcium and phosphorus homeostasis via actions in intestine, kidney, and bone. These and other actions in many cell types not involved in mineral metabolism are mediated by the vitamin D receptor. Recent studies using genome-wide scale techniques have extended fundamental ideas regarding vitamin D-mediated control of gene expression while simultaneously revealing a series of new concepts. This article summarizes the current view of the biological actions of the vitamin D hormone and focuses on new concepts that drive the understanding of the mechanisms through which vitamin D operates...
December 2017: Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America
keyword
keyword
66056
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"