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bone phosphorus

Li-Hua Ni, Ri-Ning Tang, Lin-Li Lv, Min Wu, Bin Wang, Feng Mei Wang, Hai-Feng Ni, Kai-Yun Song, Li-Ting Wang, Meng-Zuo, Qiang Chen, Bi-Cheng Liu
The study of parathyroid hyperplasia with bone disease as a critical manifestation of chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorders (CKD-MBDs) is challenging due to the lack of a suitable research model. Here, we established a rat model with secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) and bone disease induced by adenine and a high phosphorous diet and analyzed the skeletal characteristics. We performed blood analysis, emission computed tomography (ECT), dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), micro-computed tomography (micro-CT), bone histomorphometry, and bone mechanical tests...
March 12, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Elizabeth W Uhl
Although vitamin D is critical to calcium/phosphorus homeostasis, bone formation and remodeling, there is evolution-based variation between species in vitamin D metabolism and susceptibility to rickets and osteomalacia. Most herbivores produce vitamin D3 in response to sunlight, but dogs and cats have generally lost the ability as carnivore diets are rich in vitamin D. Nutritional deficiencies and/or poor exposure to sunlight can induce rickets in birds, swine, cattle and sheep, but horses are less susceptible as they have evolved a calcium homeostasis that is quite different than other animals...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Paleopathology
Shuping Peng, Lihua Cao, Shiwei He, Yancheng Zhong, Haotian Ma, Yanru Zhang, Cijun Shuai
Bone regeneration is very important for the recovery of some diseases including osteoporosis and bone fracture trauma. It is a multiple-step- and multiple-gene-involved complex process, including the matrix secretion and calcium mineralization by osteoblasts differentiated from mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and the absorption of calcium and phosphorus by osteoclasts differentiated from hematopoietic stem cells. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are a family of transcripts longer than 200 nt without or with very low protein-coding potential...
2018: Stem Cells International
Sabriye Arslan, Yasemin Akdevelioğlu
Nonclassical target organs recently defined for vitamin D, a major regulator of calcium phosphorus homeostasis and bone health, include reproductive ones. This compilation study focuses on the potential effects of vitamin D on female reproductive functions. Vitamin D receptor enzymes that metabolize vitamin D are expressed in both central and peripheral reproductive organs. Most studies suggest that vitamin D may be directly or indirectly related to gonadal functions. Vitamin D's effects on reproductive functions may be indirectly related to diseases such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), uterine leiomyomas, and endometriosis...
March 13, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Hidekazu Sugiura, Ai Matsushita, Mayuko Futaya, Atsuko Teraoka, Ken-Ichi Akiyama, Noriyoshi Usui, Nobuo Nagano, Kosaku Nitta, Ken Tsuchiya
The hormone fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is secreted from bone and is involved in phosphorus (P) metabolism. FGF23 mainly binds the FGF receptor, which interacts with αKlotho in the kidney or parathyroid and regulates Na-dependent phosphate co-transporter type IIa (NaPi-IIa) and type IIc (NaPi-IIc) expression, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3) activity, and parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion. In this study, we utilized hemi-nephrectomized rats fed a high-P diet (HP Nx), rats subjected to a partial nephrectomy (PN) and rats with doxorubicin-induced renal failure (DXR) as chronic kidney disease (CKD) animal models and analyzed the P metabolism and FGF23 expression in the kidneys in each CKD model...
2018: PloS One
Matthew A Halanski, Blake Hildahl, Laura A Amundson, Ellen Leiferman, Annette Gendron-Fitzpatrick, Rajeev Chaudhary, Heather M Hartwig-Stokes, Ronald McCabe, Rachel Lenhart, Matthew Chin, Jennifer Birstler, Thomas D Crenshaw
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to explore the role of perinatal vitamin-D intake on the development and characterization of hyperkyphosis in a porcine model. METHODS: The spines of 16 pigs were assessed at 9, 13, and 17 weeks of age with radiography and at 17 weeks with computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), histology, and bone-density testing. An additional 169 pigs exposed to 1 of 3 maternal dietary vitamin-D levels from conception through the entire lactation period were fed 1 of 4 nursery diets supplying different levels of vitamin D, calcium, and phosphorus...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
M Bournazel, M Lessire, S Klein, N Même, C Peyronnet, A Quinsac, M J Duclos, A Narcy
Two experiments were conducted on broilers to assess the effect of dietary fiber from 00-rapeseed meal (RSM) on phosphorus (P) and calcium (Ca) apparent ileal digestibility (AID) and retention (AR) during the growing (Exp1: 10 to 21 d) or finishing period (Exp2: 21 to 31 d) in diets supplemented or not with microbial phytase. Each experiment involved 144 male Cobb 500 fed one of 8 diets. Fiber content was modulated by incorporating whole RSM, RSM from dehulled rapeseeds, either raw or supplemented with 2 levels of defatted rapeseed hulls...
February 28, 2018: Poultry Science
Hye-Mi Noh, Jun-Hyun Yoo, Ji Young Jeong, Yong Soon Park
Changes in bone metabolism among gastric cancer survivors have long been recognized. The aim of our study was to clarify the changes of bone mineral density (BMD) among gastric cancer survivors who underwent endoscopic resection or gastrectomy. Forty-nine patients diagnosed with tumor, node, and metastasis (TNM) stage 1 gastric cancer with pathologic confirmation, who underwent BMD measurement just before the procedure, and had no prior osteoporosis treatment, were studied. BMD was measured with dual energy x-ray absorptiometry before and after treatment...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Khaled D Alotaibi, Jeff J Schoenau, Gourango Kar, Derek Peak, Terry Fonstad
Sequential chemical extraction and synchrotron-based XANES spectroscopy techniques were used to identify P species in two ashes before and after addition to a prairie soil. The used ashes were: meat and bone meal ash (MBMA) and dried distillers grains ash (DDGA) plus mineral P fertilizer (MP) for comparison. Soil treated with MP contained higher content of resin-Pi and NaHCO3 -Pi followed by DDGA and MBMA. The MBMA amended soil had the highest (47%) proportion of the soil P contained in recalcitrant HCl extractable fraction, reflecting more Ca-bound P present and being formed in soil after application...
February 26, 2018: Scientific Reports
Jun Lai, Gael Akindavyi, Qiang Fu, Zhi-Liang Li, Hui-Min Wang, Li-Hua Wen
Objective: Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is thought to be a controlled metabolic process that is very similar to the formation of new bone. In patients with chronic renal failure (CRF), CAC is very common, and CAC severity correlates with the deterioration of renal function. We summarized the current understanding and emerging findings of the relationship between CAC and CRF. Data Sources: All studies were identified by systematically searching PubMed, Embase, and CNKI databases for the terms "coronary calcification", "chronic renal failure", "vascular smooth muscle cell", and their synonyms until September 2017...
March 5, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
Tianming Du, Xufeng Niu, Zhengwei Li, Ping Li, Qingling Feng, Yubo Fan
Type I collagen, as the critical organic component of bone matrix, plays a template role in mineralization. Gamma-ray irradiation is used to prepare collagen with different crosslinking degrees without introducing foreign substances for mineralization. Significant improvement in crosslinking degree of collagen can be inferred by enzymolysis and differential scanning calorimetry analysis. Scanning electron microscopy observation reveals that, as crosslinking degree increases, the pore structure of collagen becomes more compact...
February 23, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Leila Alipanah, Per Winge, Jens Rohloff, Javad Najafi, Tore Brembu, Atle M Bones
Phosphorus, an essential element for all living organisms, is a limiting nutrient in many regions of the ocean due to its fast recycling. Changes in phosphate (Pi) availability in aquatic systems affect diatom growth and productivity. We investigated the early adaptive mechanisms in the marine diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum to P deprivation using a combination of transcriptomics, metabolomics, physiological and biochemical experiments. Our analysis revealed strong induction of gene expression for proteins involved in phosphate acquisition and scavenging, and down-regulation of processes such as photosynthesis, nitrogen assimilation and nucleic acid and ribosome biosynthesis...
2018: PloS One
Nayane R Pierote, Amanda F Braz, Susy L Barros, José M Moita Neto, José Miguel L Parente, Maria da Cruz M Silva, Mayara S Beserra, Nina Rosa M Soares, Dilina N Marreiro, Nadir do Noscimento Nogueira
OBJECTIVES: Crohn's disease (CD) is a condition that is characterized by chronic inflammation. The presence of multifactorial pathogenesis that results from inflammation is associated with low micronutrient consumption and glucocorticoid use, which may be related to bone health. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between dietary mineral intake and glucocorticoid use in bone mineral density (BMD) in patients with CD. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 62 patients with CD ages 20 y to 40 y measured their macro- and micronutrient intake with a 3-d food record...
November 27, 2017: Nutrition
Małgorzata Janik, Michał Stuss, Marta Michalska-Kasiczak, Anna Jegier, Ewa Sewerynek
Osteoporosis is a serious medical and socioeconomic problem of the 21st century. Mechanical load is a key regulator which controls bone formation and remodelling, with participation of osteocytes. Sclerostin is produced and released by mature osteocytes into bone surface, where it inhibits the conveyance of osteoblast proliferation and differentiation activating signals from mesenchymal cells, thus suppressing new bone formation. The goal of the study was an evaluation of the effects of a 12-week physical training programme on the levels of bone turnover markers [Sclerostin, Osteocalcin (OC), C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (β-CTX)] in blood serum of women with osteopenia...
February 21, 2018: Endokrynologia Polska
T Shishniashvili, T Suladze, M Makhviladze, M Pkhaladze
On the background of microecological changes in the gastrointestinal tract, mineral and protein metabolism is disrupted, biochemical changes occur in the phosphorus-calcium metabolism in the bones of the skeleton and hard tissues of the teeth. The aim of the research was to study the activity of the caries process, characterized by progressive decalcification, under conditions of microecological changes in the intestine and its effect on the processes of endogenous calcium assimilation in adolescence. Within the frames of the research 68 adolescents aged 11 to 17 years with various degrees of pathology of the gastrointestinal tract were examined...
January 2018: Georgian Medical News
A Donmez, E Orun, F M Sonmez
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D is a fat soluble vitamin with hormonal properties, plays crucial functions in bone and mineral metabolism and has important regulatory functions in brain development, cell differentiation and apoptosis. Some studies have shown a link between vitamin D deficiency and headache. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this study, 147 patients with headache (migraine or either tension-type headache (TTH)) and 69 healthy controls, aged 5 to 16 years, were evaluated...
February 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
Daria Handkiewicz-Junak, Thorsten D Poeppel, Lisa Bodei, Cumali Aktolun, Samer Ezziddin, Francesco Giammarile, Roberto C Delgado-Bolton, Michael Gabriel
The skeleton is the most common metastatic site in patients with advanced cancer. Pain is a major healthcare problem in patients with bone metastases. Bone-seeking radionuclides that selectively accumulate in the bone are used to treat cancer-induced bone pain and to prolong survival in selected groups of cancer patients. The goals of these guidelines are to assist nuclear medicine practitioners in: (a) evaluating patients who might be candidates for radionuclide treatment of bone metastases using beta-emitting radionuclides such as strontium-89 ( 89 Sr), samarium-153 ( 153 Sm) lexidronam ( 153 Sm-EDTMP), and phosphorus-32 ( 32 P) sodium phosphate; (b) performing the treatments; and...
February 16, 2018: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
J C Han, J G Wang, G H Chen, J L Zhang, N Zhang, H X Qu, Y Guo, Y F Yan, X J Yang
1α-Hydroxycholecalciferol (1α-OH-D3) is a vitamin D derivative. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of 1α-OH-D3 on the growth and the mRNA expression of vitamin D receptor (VDR) in the small intestine and kidney of chickens. A total of 240 males of one-day-old Ross 308 broilers was randomly assigned to 4 treatments with 5 replicates of 12 birds per replicate. Three levels of 1α-OH-D3 (1.25, 2.5, and 5 μg/kg) were added to a basal diet containing 0.50% calcium (Ca), 0.25% non-phytate phosphorus (NPP), and without supplemental cholecalciferol (vitamin D3)...
February 14, 2018: Poultry Science
Jae-Myung Jang, Tae-Eon Park, Seung-Dai Kim, Han-Cheol Choe
The modified surface during implantation is considered to be an effective strategy to improve high adhesion of bone cell and osseointegration activity. In this paper, the TiO2 barrier oxide Layer has been fabricated by using the ion characteristic of an electrolytic solution, the surface characteristics have been investigated by EDS, XPS, and FE-SEM. From the analysis of the chemical states, phosphorus and calcium were observed in the TiO2 barrier layer, which were penetrated from the electrolyte into the oxide layer during deposit process...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
J M Boland, P J Tebben, A L Folpe
Tumor-induced osteomalacia (TIO), also known as "oncogenic osteomalacia", is a rare cause of osteomalacia. TIO often has an insidious onset characterized clinically by progressive muscle weakness and bone pain with fractures. The hallmark biochemical finding is a persistent low serum phosphorus concentration due to renal phosphate wasting. The vast majority of cases of TIO result from production of the phosphaturic hormone fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) by a histologically distinctive mesenchymal tumor, termed "phosphaturic mesenchymal tumor" (PMT)...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
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