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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291024/pavlik-harness-treatment-for-pathological-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-meeting-the-standard
#1
Qaisar Choudry, Robin W Paton
In the UK, the Pavlik harness is generally the accepted treatment technique for the treatment of neonatal and infant pathological developmental dysplasia of the hip. In 2013, the success rate of the Pavlik harness became an outcome measure from the British Society of Children's Orthopaedic Surgery for appraisal and revalidation with the GMC for paediatric orthopaedic surgery. The standard set requires an 80% success rate, with less than 20% requiring surgery. This study evaluated the outcomes of Pavlik harness treatment in neonates/infants with 'pathological hips' diagnosed by ultrasound imaging in a district general hospital setting...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288079/evidence-based-pediatric-orthopaedics-how-safe-is-safe
#2
G Alexander Augustithis, Hannah Margaret Ensor, James S Huntley
BACKGROUND: The aim of minimizing the risks of complications and adverse events is at the center of surgical practice.This study aimed to assess the evidence on which pediatric orthopaedic surgical procedures are described as "safe." In particular, the objective was to ascertain the proportion of studies describing a procedure as "safe," which achieved a 95% upper limit confidence interval of risk of 5% or less for major adverse events. METHOD: A primary search of Journal of Paediatric Orthopaedics 2009 to 2014 for the single term "safe" returned 71 papers appropriate for analysis...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261397/learning-through-experience-influence-of-formal-and-informal-training-on-medical-error-disclosure-skills-in-residents
#3
Brian M Wong, Maitreya Coffey, Markku T Nousiainen, Ryan Brydges, Heather McDonald-Blumer, Adelle Atkinson, Wendy Levinson, Lynfa Stroud
BACKGROUND : Residents' attitudes toward error disclosure have improved over time. It is unclear whether this has been accompanied by improvements in disclosure skills. OBJECTIVE : To measure the disclosure skills of internal medicine (IM), paediatrics, and orthopaedic surgery residents, and to explore resident perceptions of formal versus informal training in preparing them for disclosure in real-world practice. METHODS : We assessed residents' error disclosure skills using a structured role play with a standardized patient in 2012-2013...
February 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249938/remifentanil-for-procedural-sedation-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#4
Magdalena Kisilewicz, Hans Rosenberg, Christian Vaillancourt
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the performance characteristics of remifentanil as an agent of procedural sedation and analgesia (PSA) for adult and paediatric patients undergoing procedures similar to those executed in the ED. METHODS: We systematically reviewed electronically published literature, grey literature, conference proceedings and trial registries from 1946 to 2015. Outcome measures included PSA effectiveness, recovery time, patient safety and resource management...
March 1, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208985/pattern-of-inpatient-dermatology-consultations-in-a-tertiary-care-centre-from-northern-india
#5
Abhilasha Williams, Anuradha Bhatia, Bimal Kanish, Paulina Rose Chaudhary, Clarence James Samuel
INTRODUCTION: The importance of dermatology inpatient consultation is of significant importance yet is not well documented. AIM: To retrospectively analyse the spectrum of dermatology inpatient consultations from the various departments and to document the most commonly occurring dermatological disorders from each speciality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was done in an 800 bedded premier teaching hospital in Ludhiana, Punjab, North Western India...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088941/fracture-union-in-percutaneous-kirschner-wire-fixation-in-paediatric-tibial-shaft-fractures
#6
Ramji Lal Sahu, Rajni Ranjan
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of intramedullary Kirschner wires for the treatment of unstable tibial shaft fractures in children. METHODS: This prospective study was conducted at the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery in Maharishi Markandeshwar Medical College from June 2005 to June 2010. Sixty-six children having closed fracture of the tibial shaft with a mean age of 7.7 years (range, 2-14 years) were recruited from emergency and outpatient department. They were treated with percutaneous intramedullary Kirschner wires...
December 1, 2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061881/moebius-sequence-a-multidisciplinary-clinical-approach
#7
Line Kjeldgaard Pedersen, Rikke Damkjær Maimburg, Jens Michael Hertz, Hans Gjørup, Thomas Klit Pedersen, Bjarne Møller-Madsen, John Rosendahl Østergaard
BACKGROUND: Moebius Sequence (MS) is a rare disorder defined by bilateral congenital paralysis of the abducens and facial nerves in combination with various odontological, craniofacial, ophthalmological and orthopaedic conditions. The aetiology is still unknown; but both genetic (de novo mutations) and vascular events in utero are reported. The purpose of present study was through a multidisciplinary clinical approach to examine children diagnosed with Moebius-like symptoms. Ten children underwent odontological, ophthalmological, obstetric, paediatric, orthopaedic, genetic, radiological and photographical evaluation...
January 6, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994096/paediatric-rheumatology-clinic-population-in-southeast-asia-are-we-different
#8
Thaschawee Arkachaisri, Swee-Ping Tang, Tassalapa Daengsuwan, Gun Phongsamart, Soamarat Vilaiyuk, Sirirat Charuvanij, Sook Fun Hoh, Justin Hung Tiong Tan, Lena Das, Elizabeth Ang, Wendy Lim, Yiong Huak Chan, Christine B Bernal
OBJECTIVES: To examine the descriptive epidemiology of the patient population referred to paediatric rheumatology centres (PRCs) in Southeast Asia (SEA) and to compare the frequency of conditions encountered with other PRC populations. METHODS: A web-based Registry for Childhood Onset Paediatric Rheumatic Diseases was established in 2009 and seven PRCs in four SEA countries, where paediatric rheumatologists are available, participated in a prospective 24 month data collection (43 months for Singapore)...
December 19, 2016: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928445/surgical-treatment-using-the-unit-rod-in-children-with-neuromuscular-scoliosis
#9
T Nedelcu, I Georgescu, J Leroux, J Lechevallier, A Barbilian, I Tuhar
The article represents a retrospective clinical and radiological study. Objective. To assess the safety and the stability in time of the Unit Rod instrumentation in the treatment of severe neuromuscular scoliosis in children and adolescents. Summary. The treatment of patients with neuromuscular scoliosis always represents a challenge. The patients are debilitated and usual interventions are very long with great loss of blood. Serious complications can compromise the result of the surgery. The technique we used (the Unit Rod) is worldwide recognized, is simple, and gives excellent stability with a low rate of complications...
October 2016: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920806/hereditary-multiple-exostoses-a-review-of-clinical-appearance-and-metabolic-pattern
#10
REVIEW
Giovanni Beltrami, Gabriele Ristori, Guido Scoccianti, Angela Tamburini, Rodolfo Capanna
Hereditary multiple exostoses (HME) is an inherited genetic condition characterized by the presence of multiple exostoses (osteochondromas). MHE is a relatively rare autosomal dominant disorder, mainly caused by loss of function mutations in two genes: exostosin-1 (EXT1) and exostosin-2 (EXT2). These genes are linked to heparan sulfate (HS) synthesis, but the specific molecular mechanism leading to the disruption of the cartilage structure and the consequent exostoses formation is still not resolved. The aim of this paper is to encounter the main aspects of HME reviewing the literature, in order to improve clinical features and evolution, and the metabolic-pathogenetic mechanisms underlying...
May 2016: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878660/residual-bone-growth-after-lengthening-procedures
#11
Pierre Journeau, Pierre Lascombes, Dominique Barbier, Dmitry Popkov
The prognosis of limb length discrepancy is a major subject in paediatric orthopaedic surgery. The strategy depends on the prognosis and must be adapted to each patient. The residual growth of the lengthened segment often remains unknown, but is dependent on age, the percentage of lengthening and other factors. Using a large cohort of 150 children who had undergone bone lengthening procedures, we describe five patterns of post-intervention growth and identify factors that are favourable for normal residual growth...
December 2016: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872768/hip-replacement-surgery-in-14-year-old-girl-with-factor-v-deficiency-haemostatic-treatment-and-thromboprophylaxis
#12
María Eva Mingot-Castellano, Josefina Pérez-Núñez, Lourdes Baeza-Montañez
Factor V (FV) is a pivotal coagulation factor present in plasma and platelets. It plays an essential role in secondary haemostasis acting as a cofactor in the prothrombinase complex, catalysing the conversion of prothrombin to thrombin. There is little evidence on the management of mayor orthopaedic surgery in paediatric or adolescents subjects with this coagulopathy and almost no information about thromboprophylaxis in these situations. We report a case of a hip replacement in a 14-year-old girl with moderate FV deficiency (0...
2016: Case Reports in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826908/guided-growth-mechanism-and-reversibility-of-modulation
#13
REVIEW
Martin Gottliebsen, Juan Manuel Shiguetomi-Medina, Ole Rahbek, Bjarne Møller-Madsen
In paediatric orthopaedics, deformities and discrepancies in length of bones are key problems that commonly need to be addressed in daily practice. An understanding of the physiology behind developing bones is crucial for planning treatment. Modulation of the growing bone can be performed in a number of ways. Here, we discuss the principles and mechanisms behind the techniques. Historically, the first procedures were destructive in their mechanism but reversible techniques were later developed with stapling of the growth plate being the gold standard treatment for decades...
December 2016: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821004/-nursing-is-where-i-belong
#14
(no author information available yet)
Why did you become a children's nurse? When I was training in the 1980s everyone did a paediatric placement and mine was on an orthopaedic children's ward. Many of the children were essentially 'well' children who were marooned in the beds. The atmosphere was markedly lighter than in other wards and I realised that children's nursing was the place for me.
November 8, 2016: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658562/triclosan-containing-sutures-versus-ordinary-sutures-for-reducing-surgical-site-infections-in-children-a-double-blind-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Marjo Renko, Niko Paalanne, Terhi Tapiainen, Matti Hinkkainen, Tytti Pokka, Sohvi Kinnula, Juha-Jaakko Sinikumpu, Matti Uhari, Willy Serlo
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections (SSIs) are a pervasive problem in surgery. Sutures coated or impregnated with triclosan might reduce the occurrence of SSIs, but evidence of their efficacy is limited, especially in children. METHODS: We designed a randomised, double-blind, controlled trial in patients who underwent elective or daytime emergency surgery at Oulu University Hospital (Oulu, Finland). We included children younger than 18 years staying in the paediatric surgery and orthopaedics ward for any elective or emergency surgery during the daytime and with anticipated use of absorbing sutures...
January 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617713/factors-influencing-the-postgraduate-training-choices-of-medical-interns-and-junior-medical-officers-at-the-georgetown-public-hospital-corporation-guyana
#16
Y Hendricks, A O Amata
Objective: The aim of our study was to determine the specialty preferences and the reasons for those choices among medical interns and junior medical doctors at the Georgetown Public Hospital Corporation (GPHC), Guyana. Methods: A cross-sectional study of recent medical graduates at GPHC using anonymous self-administered questionnaires. Results: Of the study population of 66, 60 filled questionnaires were returned (response rate of 91.5%)...
December 28, 2015: West Indian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594577/the-impact-of-a-unique-knowledge-translation-programme-implemented-in-a-large-multisite-paediatric-hospital
#17
Catie Christensen, David Wessells, Michelle Byars, James Marrie, Shaun Coffman, Erin Gates, Mitch Selhorst
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Physical therapists (PTs) display positive attitudes toward evidence-based practice (EBP), and implementing it can improve patient outcomes and reduce costs. However, barriers can lead to inconsistent use of EBP. The objectives of this manuscript are to (i) describe the initiation and revisions to a knowledge translation (KT) programme, (ii) assess staff participation in KT, and (iii) evaluate availability, internal use and external dissemination of evidence-based recommendations and research...
September 4, 2016: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27593087/digital-audio-recordings-improve-the-outcomes-of-patient-consultations-a-randomised-cluster-trial
#18
Maiken Wolderslund, Poul-Erik Kofoed, René Holst, Mette Axboe, Jette Ammentorp
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects on patients' outcome of the consultations when provided with: a Digital Audio Recording (DAR) of the consultation and a Question Prompt List (QPL). METHODS: This is a three-armed randomised controlled cluster trial. One group of patients received standard care, while the other two groups received either the QPL in combination with a recording of their consultation or only the recording. Patients from four outpatient clinics participated: Paediatric, Orthopaedic, Internal Medicine, and Urology...
February 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583060/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-rachitic-genu-varus-in-preschool-children-in-a-paediatric-health-institute-in-egypt-as-one-of-the-developing-countries
#19
Sherif N G Bishay, Mostafa H A El-Sherbini, Amre A Azzam, Ashraf A Lotfy
BACKGROUND: Rachitic genu varus is one of the common conditions among the Egyptian children, despite the shinning sun of Egypt all the year. PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to estimate the incidence of rachitic genu varus among the Egyptian children, and to assess the risk factors contributing to it. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective study recruited a total of 250 consecutive children, being 130 males and 120 females, with rachitic bow legs or genu varus, between 2 - 4 years of age, together with 250 controls of the same age group, out of a total number of 1900 children with other types of rickets, and other children's orthopaedic diseases, who presented to the National Institute of Neuromotor System in Egypt between September 2014 to September 2015...
2016: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578377/treatment-of-pediatric-femoral-shaft-fractures-by-stainless-steel-and-titanium-elastic-nail-system-a-randomized-comparative-trial
#20
Tank Gyaneshwar, Rustagi Nitesh, Tomar Sagar, Kothiyal Pranav, Nitesh Rustagi
PURPOSE: Literature suggests that the lower modulus of elasticity of titanium makes it ideal for use in children compared with stainless steel. Better fracture stability was observed in association with titanium nails on torsional and axial compression testing. However, stainless steel nails are stiffer than titanium counterparts, which may provide a rigid construct when fixing paediatric femoral shaft fractures. Complications have been observed more frequently by various researchers when titanium nails are used for fracture fixation in patients with increasing age or weight...
August 1, 2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
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