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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239363/formal-and-informal-learning-and-first-year-psychology-students-development-of-scientific-thinking-a-two-wave-panel-study
#1
Demet Soyyılmaz, Laura M Griffin, Miguel H Martín, Šimon Kucharský, Ekaterina D Peycheva, Nina Vaupotič, Peter A Edelsbrunner
Scientific thinking is a predicate for scientific inquiry, and thus important to develop early in psychology students as potential future researchers. The present research is aimed at fathoming the contributions of formal and informal learning experiences to psychology students' development of scientific thinking during their 1st-year of study. We hypothesize that informal experiences are relevant beyond formal experiences. First-year psychology student cohorts from various European countries will be assessed at the beginning and again at the end of the second semester...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238965/preoperative-planning-for-accurate-glenoid-component-positioning-in-reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty
#2
Julien Berhouet, Lawrence Gulotta, David Dines, Edward Craig, Russell Warren, Daniel Choi, Xiang Chen, Andreas Kontaxis
BACKGROUND: Glenoid component positioning in reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) is challenging. Patient-specific instrumentation (PSI) has been advocated to improve accuracy, and is based on precise preoperative planning. The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy of glenoid component positioning when only the glenoid surface is visible, compared to when the entire scapula is visible on a 3D virtual model. METHODS: CT scans of 30 arthritic shoulders were reconstructed in 3D models...
February 23, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237979/targeting-immunity-in-end-stage-renal-disease
#3
Ivano Baragetti, Basset El Essawy, Paolo Fiorina
BACKGROUND: Despite the stable incidence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD), it continues to be associated with an unacceptably high cardiovascular risk. SUMMARY: ESRD is characterized by enhanced oxidative stress and severe inflammation, which boost cardiovascular risk, thus increasing cardiovascular-associated mortality rate. While substantial effort has been made in the technological innovation of dialytic techniques, few significant advances have been made to reduce inflammation in patients with ESRD...
February 25, 2017: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236208/seeking-evidence-of-multidisciplinarity-in-environmental-geochemistry-and-health-an-analysis-of-arsenic-in-drinking-water-research
#4
Abiodun D Aderibigbe, Alex G Stewart, Andrew S Hursthouse
A multidisciplinary approach to research affords the opportunity of objectivity, creation of new knowledge and potentially a more generally acceptable solution to problems that informed the research in the first place. It increasingly features in national programmes supporting basic and applied research, but for over 40 years, has been the arena for many research teams in environmental geochemistry and health. This study explores the nature of multidisciplinary research in the earth and health sciences using a sample selected from co-authored articles reporting research on arsenic (As) in drinking water from 1979 to 2013...
February 24, 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230815/conceptual-foundations-of-systems-biology-explaining-complex-cardiac-diseases
#5
REVIEW
George E Louridas, Katerina G Lourida
Systems biology is an important concept that connects molecular biology and genomics with computing science, mathematics and engineering. An endeavor is made in this paper to associate basic conceptual ideas of systems biology with clinical medicine. Complex cardiac diseases are clinical phenotypes generated by integration of genetic, molecular and environmental factors. Basic concepts of systems biology like network construction, modular thinking, biological constraints (downward biological direction) and emergence (upward biological direction) could be applied to clinical medicine...
February 21, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230415/targeting-translational-successes-through-cansort-sci-using-pet-dogs-to-identify-effective-treatments-for-spinal-cord-injury
#6
Sarah A Moore, Nicolas Granger, Natasha Olby, Ingo Spitzbarth, Nick D Jeffery, Andrea Tipold, Yvette S Nout-Lomas, Ronaldo da Costa, Veronika Stein, Linda Noble-Haeusslein, Andrew R Blight, Robert Grossman, D Michele Basso, Jonathan Michael Levine
Translation of therapeutic interventions for spinal cord injury (SCI) from laboratory to clinic has been historically challenging, highlighting the need for robust models of injury that more closely mirror the human condition. The high prevalence of acute, naturally occurring SCI in pet dogs provides a unique opportunity to expeditiously evaluate promising interventions in a population of animals that are diagnosed and managed clinically in a manner similar to spinal cord-injured people, while adhering to NIH guidelines for scientific rigor and transparent reporting...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229306/behavioral-and-social-sciences-at-the-national-institutes-of-health-adoption-of-research-findings-in-health-research-and-practice-as-a-scientific-priority
#7
William T Riley
The National Institutes of Health's Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research (OBSSR) recently released its Strategic Plan for 2017 to 2021. This plan highlights three scientific priorities: (1) improve the synergy of basic and applied behavioral and social sciences research, (2) enhance and promote the research infrastructure, methods, and measures needed to support a more cumulative and integrated approach to behavioral and social sciences research, and (3) facilitate the adoption of behavioral and social sciences research findings in health research and in practice...
February 22, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228048/use-of-google-scholar-public-profiles-in-orthopedics
#8
Kevin Tetsworth, Dave Fraser, Vaida Glatt, Erik Hohmann
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to survey the growth of Google Scholar public profiles in orthopedics over a 12-month period and to investigate global patterns. METHODS: Data was prospectively acquired from June 2013 to June 2014. Google Scholar queries specific to orthopedic surgery were performed at 90-day intervals. Demographic aspects of each user were also compiled, including gender, current location, and primary interests. To determine differences between the growth of Google Scholar public profile registrations and citation counts, as well as differences in growth in different regions, repeated measures of analysis of variance (RMANOVA) were used...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227101/high-density-penetrating-electrode-arrays-for-autonomic-nerves
#9
John Burns, Yee-Hsee Hsieh, Andrew Mueller, Juliette Chevallier, T S Sriram, Stephen J Lewis, Daniel Chew, Anil Achyuta, Jason Fiering, John Burns, Yee-Hsee Hsieh, Andrew Mueller, Juliette Chevallier, T S Sriram, Stephen J Lewis, Daniel Chew, Anil Achyuta, Jason Fiering, Daniel Chew, Yee-Hsee Hsieh, Andrew Mueller, Jason Fiering, T S Sriram, Juliette Chevallier, Stephen J Lewis, Anil Achyuta
Electrode arrays for recording and stimulation in the central nervous system have enabled numerous advances in basic science and therapeutic strategies. In particular, micro-fabricated arrays with precision size and spacing offer the benefit of accessing single neurons and permit mapping of neuronal function. Similar advances are envisioned toward understanding the autonomic nervous system and developing therapies based on its modulation, but appropriate electrode arrays are lacking. Here, we present for the first time, a multi-channel electrode array suitable for penetration of peripheral nerves having diameters as small as 0...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225733/supporting-the-call-to-action-a-review-of-nutrition-educational-interventions-in-the-health-professions-literature-and-mededportal
#10
Timothy M Dang, Lauren A Maggio
PURPOSE: Despite calls to improve nutrition education, training for medical students is inadequate. This systematic review provides an overview of published educational interventions for undergraduate-level health professionals and makes recommendations for improving nutrition training. METHOD: The authors conducted a systematic review of articles (through July 16, 2015) and examined resources in MedEdPORTAL (through September 28, 2015) focused on materials published since January 2004 that describe nutrition educational interventions for undergraduate-level health professionals...
March 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225287/-predatory-journals-how-their-publishers-operate-and-how-to-avoid-them
#11
Jiří Kratochvíl, Lukáš Plch
Authors who publish in scientific or scholarly journals today face the risk of publishing in so-called predatory journals. These journals exploit the noble idea of the Open Access movement, whose goal is to make the latest scientific findings available for free. Predatory journals, unlike the reputable ones working on an Open Access basis, neglect the review process and publish low-quality submissions. The basic attributes of predatory journals are a very quick review process or even none at all, failure to be transparent about author fees for publishing an article, misleading potential authors by imitating the names of well-established journals, and false information on indexing in renowned databases or assigned impact factor...
2017: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220303/estimation-of-stature-from-femur-length-measured-using-computed-tomography-after-the-analysis-of-three-dimensional-characteristics-of-femur-bone-in-korean-cadavers
#12
Sookyoung Lee, Ho-Hyeon Gong, Jin-Young Hyun, Hyung-Nam Koo, Han-Young Lee, Nak-Eun Chung, Young-Shik Choi, Kyung-Moo Yang, Byung Ha Choi
Estimation of stature is a basic and important forensic procedure in identifying decomposed or skeletonized bodies. Due to advances in radiologic equipment, forensic science frequently uses computed tomography (CT) and software to apply these findings to investigations. Technical developments have increased the accuracy of the measurement of various bones. However, there are still some inaccuracies, such as defining correct landmarks in three-dimensional (3D) images. Femur length is frequently used for calculation of stature, but because it is a 3D structure, the digital image may not always correlate with the femur length measured with an osteometric board...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220089/emotion-regulation-therapy-a-mechanism-targeted-treatment-for-disorders-of-distress
#13
Megan E Renna, Jean M Quintero, David M Fresco, Douglas S Mennin
"Distress disorders," which include generalized anxiety disorder and major depression are often highly comorbid with each other and appear to be characterized by common temperamental features that reflect heightened sensitivity to underlying motivational systems related to threat/safety and reward/loss. Further, individuals with distress disorders tend to utilize self-referential processes (e.g., worry, rumination, self-criticism) in a maladaptive attempt to respond to motivationally relevant distress, often resulting in suboptimal contextual learning...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219375/state-of-the-art-in-anti-cancer-mabs
#14
REVIEW
S M Chiavenna, J P Jaworski, A Vendrell
Following Milstein's discovery, the monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) became a basic tool for biomedical science. In cancer field, since the first mAb was approved by the FDA a great improvement took place making of them a therapeutic option for many cancer types in the current clinical practice. Today, mAbs are being developed to target different molecules with different mechanisms of action and its target potential is unlimited. However, this huge and fast growing new field needs to be organized to better understand the treatment options we have to confront different cancer diseases...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219137/-analysis-of-the-application-and-funding-projects-of-national-natural-science-foundation-of-china-in-the-field-of-burns-and-plastic-surgery-from-2010-to-2016
#15
Z C Zhang, D Dou, X Y Wang, D H Xie, Z C Yan
We analyzed the data of application and funding projects of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) during 2010-2016 in the field of burns and plastic surgery and summarized the NSFC funding pattern, the research hotspots, and weaknesses in this field. The NSFC has funded 460 projects in the field of burns and plastic surgery, with total funding of RMB 227.96 million. The scientific issues involved in the funding projects include orthotherapy against malformations, wound repair, basic research of burns, skin grafting, scars prevention, and regeneration of hair follicle and sweat glands...
February 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218831/new-possibilities-for-magnetic-control-of-chemical-and-biochemical-reactions
#16
Anatoly Buchachenko, Ronald G Lawler
Chemistry is controlled by Coulomb energy; magnetic energy is lower by many orders of magnitude and may be confidently ignored in the energy balance of chemical reactions. The situation becomes less clear, however, when reaction rates are considered. In this case, magnetic perturbations of nearly degenerate energy surface crossings may produce observable, and sometimes even dramatic, effects on reactions rates, product yields, and spectroscopic transitions. A case in point that has been studied for nearly five decades is electron spin-selective chemistry via the intermediacy of radical pairs...
February 20, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217450/understanding-the-cellular-basis-and-pathophysiology-of-peyronie-s-disease-to-optimize-treatment-for-erectile-dysfunction
#17
REVIEW
Jeffrey Campbell, Raidh Alzubaidi
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common condition that significantly impacts a man's physical and psychological well-being. ED is often associated with Peyronie's disease (PD), which is an abnormal curvature of the penis. Delayed treatment of or surgical invention for PD often results in ED and therefore unsatisfied patients. The pathophysiology of PD is incompletely understood, but has been studied extensively and based on our current understanding of PD physiology, many medical treatment options have been proposed...
February 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215820/the-use-of-fish-models-to-study-human-neurological-disorders
#18
Hideaki Matsui
Small teleost fish including zebrafish and medaka have been used as animal models in basic science research due to the relative ease of handling and transparency during embryogenesis. Current advances in genetic engineering and progress in disease genetics allowed utilization of these fish to study neurological diseases and psychiatric disorders. This review summarizes the advantages and disadvantages of using fish for neuropsychiatric research using primarily our own studies as examples. We discuss how fish belong to a class of vertebrates, are feasible for imaging, and include diverse species with multiple research possibilities yet to be discovered...
February 16, 2017: Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214519/detection-and-quantification-of-soil-transmitted-helminths-in-environmental-samples-a-review-of-current-state-of-the-art-and-future-perspectives
#19
REVIEW
Isaac Dennis Amoah, Gulshan Singh, Thor Axel Stenström, Poovendhree Reddy
It is estimated that over a billion people are infected with soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) globally with majority occurring in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The roundworm (Ascaris lumbricoides), whipworm (Trichuris trichiura), and hookworms (Ancylostoma duodenale and Necator americanus) are the main species infecting people. These infections are mostly gained through exposure to faecally contaminated water, soil or contaminated food and with an increase in the risk of infections due to wastewater and sludge reuse in agriculture...
February 15, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214284/basic-translational-science-survey-section-kidney-cancer
#20
Jodi K Maranchie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2017: Urologic Oncology
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