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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434662/paclitaxel-coated-balloons-for-the-treatment-of-symptomatic-central-venous-stenosis-in-dialysis-access-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Panagiotis M Kitrou, Panagiotis Papadimatos, Stavros Spiliopoulos, Konstantinos Katsanos, Nicolaos Christeas, Elias Brountzos, Dimitrios Karnabatidis
PURPOSE: To compare the clinically-assessed intervention-free period (IFP) of paclitaxel-coated balloon (PCB) vs conventional balloon angioplasty (CBA) for the treatment of symptomatic central venous stenosis (CVS) in dialysis access. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Within 20 months, 40 dialysis patients (19/40 arteriovenous fistulae [AVFs] and 21/40 arteriovenous grafts [AVGs]) were randomized to undergo angioplasty either with a PCB (PCB group, n = 20; 14/20 male; age: 56...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434155/nitrogen-fertility-and-abiotic-stresses-management-in-cotton-crop-a-review
#2
Aziz Khan, Daniel Kean Yuen Tan, Muhammad Zahir Afridi, Honghai Luo, Shahbaz Atta Tung, Mir Ajab, Shah Fahad
This review outlines nitrogen (N) responses in crop production and potential management decisions to ameliorate abiotic stresses for better crop production. N is a primary constituent of the nucleotides and proteins that are essential for life. Production and application of N fertilizers consume huge amounts of energy, and excess is detrimental to the environment. Therefore, increasing plant N use efficiency (NUE) is important for the development of sustainable agriculture. NUE has a key role in crop yield and can be enhanced by controlling loss of fertilizers by application of humic acid and natural polymers (hydrogels), having high water-holding capacity which can improve plant performance under field conditions...
April 22, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431886/innate-resistance-of-new-zealand-paua-to-abalone-viral-ganglioneuritis
#3
Serge Corbeil, Kenneth A McColl, Lynette M Williams, Joanne Slater, Mark St J Crane
The susceptibility of New Zealand paua (Haliotis iris) to infection by abalone herpesvirus (Haliotid herpesvirus 1; HaHV) and to the disease abalone viral ganglioneuritis (AVG) was determined. Infection challenges performed by intra-muscular injection and by immersion in infectious water containing HaHV demonstrated that New Zealand paua were highly resistant to infection by Haliotid herpesvirus 1 and were fully resistant to the disease AVG.
April 18, 2017: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420654/changes-in-the-profile-of-endovascular-procedures-performed-in-freestanding-dialysis-access-centers-over-15-years
#4
Gerald A Beathard, Aris Urbanes, Terry Litchfield
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Marked changes occurred in the vascular access profile of patients receiving hemodialysis in the United States over the 15-year period of 2001-2015. This study was undertaken to evaluate how these changes have affected dialysis access maintenance and salvage procedures performed in freestanding dialysis access centers and to examine the effectiveness, efficiency, and safety of these procedures in this setting. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Data were collected from freestanding, dedicated dialysis access centers operating under a common system of management...
April 18, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419854/a-formalin-inactivated-vaccine-provides-good-protection-against-vibrio-harveyi-infection-in-orange-spotted-grouper-epinephelus-coioides
#5
Hai Trong Nguyen, Thuy Thi Thu Nguyen, Ming-An Tsai, E Ya-Zhen, Pei-Chyi Wang, Shih-Chu Chen
Vibrio harveyi is one of the most common threats to farmed grouper, so considerable efforts are in practice to control the pathogen. This study presents a highly effective vaccine against V. harveyi in the orange-spotted grouper with the help of a single intraperitoneal immunization. The vaccine candidate was in form of whole, formalin-inactivated V. harveyi cells combined with a metabolizable ISA763 AVG adjuvant. Our results indicated that the vaccine triggered a remarkably higher expression level of interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, IL-8, and IL-10 in the groupers' kidneys and spleens, as recorded after 1 and 3 days of immunization...
April 15, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418752/a-pilot-study-of-the-attractive-features-of-active-videogames-among-chinese-primary-school-children
#6
Patrick W C Lau, Erica Y Lau, Jing Jing Wang, Cheong-Rak Choi, Chang Gyun Kim
OBJECTIVE: The present study (1) explored the attractive features that affect Chinese primary school children's preferences of active videogames (AVGs) and (2) contrasted these findings with those in the Western literature. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: A total of 22 Chinese primary school children were recruited and interviewed. Four AVGs (Wii "Boxing," "Wii Fit™ Plus Obstacle Run"; "EyeToy Knockout", "EyeToy Keep ups") from two commercial consoles (Nintendo® Wii™ and Sony PlayStation(®) 2 "EyeToy(®)") were employed...
April 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405282/ecological-application-of-biotic-resistance-to-control-the-invasion-of-an-invasive-plant-ageratina-altissima
#7
Chaeho Byun, Eun Ju Lee
Biotic resistance is the ability of species in a community to limit the invasion of other species. However, biotic resistance is not widely used to control invasive plants. Experimental, functional, and modeling approaches were combined to investigate the processes of invasion by Ageratina altissima (white snakeroot), a model invasive species in South Korea. We hypothesized that (1) functional group identity would be a good predictor of biotic resistance to A. altissima, whereas a species identity effect would be redundant within a functional group, and (2) mixtures of species would be more resistant to invasion than monocultures...
April 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394850/the-pain-course-a-randomised-controlled-trial-comparing-a-remotely-delivered-chronic-pain-management-program-when-provided-in-online-and-workbook-formats
#8
B F Dear, M Gandy, E Karin, T Ricciardi, V J Fogliati, S McDonald, L G Staples, K Nicholson Perry, L Sharpe, M K Nicholas, N Titov
The present study compared a remote-delivered pain management program, the Pain Course, when delivered in online and workbook formats. Participants (n = 178) were randomised to two groups: (1) an Internet Group (n = 84) who were provided with secure accounts to the program in an online format; or (2) a Workbook Group (n = 94) who were mailed workbook versions of the program. The content of both programs was identical and comprised 5 core lessons, which participants were encouraged to work through over an 8-week period, according to a prescribed timetable...
April 5, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393400/sonography-of-arteriovenous-fistulas-and-grafts
#9
Jason A Pietryga, Mark D Little, Michelle L Robbin
Arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) and arteriovenous grafts (AVGs) are the vascular accesses of choice for long-term hemodialysis. Strategies to establish and maintain functioning AVFs and AVGs are essential. In addition to clinical evaluation, ultrasound plays a critical role in the evaluation and maintenance of AVFs and AVGs. AVFs have a high rate of failure to mature which can be reliably diagnosed with ultrasound. Treatable etiologies of the failure to mature can often be diagnosed with ultrasound. Causes of secondary AVG failure can also be diagnosed with ultrasound and treated...
April 10, 2017: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386480/comparative-study-on-the-mechanical-and-microstructural-characterisation-of-aa-7075-nano-and-hybrid-nanocomposites-produced-by-stir-and-squeeze-casting
#10
C Kannan, R Ramanujam
In this research work, a comparative evaluation on the mechanical and microstructural characteristics of aluminium based single and hybrid reinforced nanocomposites was carried out. The manufacture of a single reinforced nanocomposite was conducted with the distribution of 2 wt.% nano alumina particles (avg. particle size 30-50 nm) in the molten aluminium alloy of grade AA 7075; while the hybrid reinforced nanocomposites were produced with of 4 wt.% silicon carbide (avg. particle size 5-10 µm) and 2 wt...
July 2017: Journal of Advanced Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380207/tuberculosis-control-program-in-the-municipal-context-performance-evaluation
#11
Tiemi Arakawa, Gabriela Tavares Magnabosco, Rubia Laine de Paula Andrade, Maria Eugenia Firmino Brunello, Aline Aparecida Monroe, Antonio Ruffino-Netto, Lucia Marina Scatena, Tereza Cristina Scatena Villa
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the performance of the Tuberculosis Control Program in municipalities of the State of São Paulo. METHODS: This is a program evaluation research, with ecological design, which uses three non-hierarchical groups of the municipalities of the State of São Paulo according to their performance in relation to operational indicators. We have selected 195 municipalities with at least five new cases of tuberculosis notified in the Notification System of the State of São Paulo and with 20,000 inhabitants or more in 2010...
March 30, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378896/a-comprehensive-assessment-of-immunophenotyping-performed-in-cryopreserved-peripheral-whole-blood
#12
Chris P Verschoor, Vikas Kohli, Cynthia Balion
BACKGROUND: Monitoring the frequency and phenotype of white blood cell subsets using flow cytometry (immunophenotyping) has proven to be an incredibly powerful tool in the assessment of health. Although improved technologies have aided in the practical implementation of immunophenotyping in clinical and epidemiological studies, the transportation of blood from the site of collection to a central laboratory for analysis within a reasonable timeframe may not be feasible. Hence, the purpose of the following study was to investigate the validity of cryopreserved whole blood as a simple to prepare and cost-effective biospecimen for multi-colour immunophenotyping in a large epidemiological study - namely, The Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging (CLSA)...
April 5, 2017: Cytometry. Part B, Clinical Cytometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377908/the-usefulness-of-duplex-ultrasound-for-hemodialysis-access-selection
#13
Jeong Won Choi, Jin Hyun Joh, Ho-Chul Park
PURPOSE: A native vessel is preferable to an artificial graft for dialysis access. Duplex ultrasound (DUS) is noninvasive, cost-effective modality to evaluate the vessels for dialysis. The purpose of this study was to compare the rates of utilization of native vessels after preoperative imaging with DUS and contrast venography (CV). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on patients who received an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) or arteriovenous graft (AVG) between June 2006 and July 2010...
March 2017: Vascular Specialist International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375682/active-video-gaming-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-does-a-clinic-based-virtual-reality-component-offer-an-additive-benefit-a-pilot-study
#14
Danielle Levac, Anna McCormick, Mindy F Levin, Marie Brien, Richard Mills, Elka Miller, Heidi Sveistrup
AIMS: To compare changes in gross motor skills and functional mobility between ambulatory children with cerebral palsy who underwent a 1-week clinic-based virtual reality intervention (VR) followed by a 6-week, therapist-monitored home active video gaming (AVG) program and children who completed only the 6-week home AVG program. METHODS: Pilot non-randomized controlled trial. Five children received 1 hour of VR training for 5 days followed by a 6-week home AVG program, supervised online by a physical therapist...
April 4, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375644/physical-activity-levels-in-children-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorder-when-playing-active-and-sedentary-xbox-kinect-videogames
#15
Daphne Golden, Nancy Getchell
OBJECTIVE: We compare physical activity during bouts of sedentary videogaming (SVG), active videogaming (AVG), and paced walking in children with and without autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to determine the effectiveness of AVG in providing moderate-to-vigorous physical activity. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Participants included nine males (8-11 years old) with ASD and eight age-matched males who were typically developing. Both groups had anthropometric and motor proficiency (Movement Assessment Battery for Children II) measures taken before testing...
April 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362044/comparison-of-post-creation-procedures-and-costs-between-surgical-and-an-endovascular-approach-to-arteriovenous-fistula-creation
#16
Shuo Yang, Charmaine Lok, Renee Arnold, Dheeraj Rajan, Marc Glickman
INTRODUCTION: Due to early and late failures that may occur with surgically created hemodialysis arteriovenous fistulas (SAVF), post-creation procedures are commonly required to facilitate AVF maturation and maintain patency. This study compared AVF post-creation procedures and their associated costs in patients with SAVF to patients with a new endovascularly created AVF (endoAVF). METHODS: A 5% random sample from Medicare Standard Analytical Files was abstracted to determine post-creation procedures and associated costs for SAVF created from 2011 to 2013...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350640/in-class-active-videogame-supplementation-and-adherence-to-cardiac-rehabilitation
#17
Jorge Manuel Arsénio Dos Santos Ruivo, Kay Karim, Roisin OʼShea, Rosa Celeste Santos Oliveira, Louis Keary, Claire OʼBrien, John Patrick Gormley
PURPOSE: The application of active videogames (AVGs) during cardiac rehabilitation (CR) sessions could potentially facilitate patient adherence. The feasibility, safety, and efficacy of in-class AVG supplementation as an alternative to conventional phase 2 programs were investigated. METHODS: A pilot, evaluator-blinded, intention-to-treat, randomized controlled trial recruited 32 low-moderate risk CR participants and allocated them to conventional or AVG-supplemented exercise...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340459/transcriptional-profiling-of-porcine-granulosa-cells-exposed-to-2-3-7-8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin
#18
Agnieszka Sadowska, Anna Nynca, Monika Ruszkowska, Lukasz Paukszto, Kamil Myszczynski, Karina Orlowska, Sylwia Swigonska, Tomasz Molcan, Jan P Jastrzebski, Renata E Ciereszko
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) is a toxic man-made chemical compound contaminating the environment. An exposure of living organisms to TCDD may result in numerous disorders, including reproductive pathologies. The aim of the current study was to examine the effects of TCDD on the transcriptome of porcine granulosa cell line AVG-16. By employing next-generation sequencing (NGS) we aimed to identify genes potentially involved in the mechanism of TCDD action and toxicity in porcine granulosa cells...
March 16, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333347/polymyxin-resistant-carbapenem-resistant-acinetobacter-baumannii-is-eradicated-by-a-triple-combination-of-agents-that-lack-individual-activity
#19
Justin R Lenhard, Visanu Thamlikitkul, Fernanda P Silveira, Samira M Garonzik, Xun Tao, Alan Forrest, Beom Soo Shin, Keith S Kaye, Jürgen B Bulitta, Roger L Nation, Jian Li, Brian T Tsuji
Objectives: The emergence of polymyxin resistance threatens to leave clinicians with few options for combatting drug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii . The objectives of the current investigation were to define the in vitro emergence of polymyxin resistance and identify a combination regimen capable of eradicating A. baumannii with no apparent drug susceptibilities. Methods: Two clonally related, paired, A. baumannii isolates collected from a critically ill patient who developed colistin resistance while receiving colistin methanesulfonate in a clinical population pharmacokinetic study were evaluated: an A...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330437/long-term-outcomes-of-fistula-first-initiative-in-an-urban-university-hospital-is-it-still-relevant
#20
Jacques Greenberg, Senthil Jayarajan, Sridhar Reddy, Frank A Schmieder, Andrew B Roberts, Paul S van Bemmelen, Jean Lee, Eric T Choi
PURPOSE: Dialysis access failure is a major cause of morbidity in patients with end-stage renal disease. The Fistula First Breakthrough Initiative (FFBI) dictates arteriovenous fistulae (AVFs) should be preferred over arteriovenous grafts (AVGs) as first line for surgically placed accesses. The purpose of this study was to compare patency rates of surgical dialysis accesses in our mature, urban population after the FFBI. METHODS: Current dialysis patients with accesses placed between 2006 and 2011 were included...
April 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
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