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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914872/-the-efficacy-of-desmopressin-in-the-treatment-of-central-diabetes-insipidus-after-resection-of-chiasmo-sellar-region-tumors
#1
L I Astaf'eva
Central diabetes insipidus (CDI) is a neuroendocrine disease, the pathogenesis of which is associated with abnormal secretion of the antidiuretic hormone. One of the specific causes of CDI is neurosurgical resection of chiasmatic-sellar region tumors. AIM: to study the efficacy and safety of desmopressin in CDI patients after resection of chiasmatic-sellar region (CSR) tumors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Examination and treatment of patients were performed at a hospital for 7-14 days after surgery and then were continued after discharge...
2017: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881903/safety-and-efficacy-of-endoscopic-spray-cryotherapy-for-esophageal-cancer
#2
F C Tsai, S Ghorbani, B D Greenwald, S Jang, J A Dumot, M J McKinley, N J Shaheen, F Habr, H C Wolfsen, J A Abrams, C J Lightdale, N S Nishioka, M H Johnston, A Zfass, W J Coyle
Although surgery is traditionally the standard of care for esophageal cancer, esophagectomy carries significant morbidity. Alternative endoscopic therapies are needed for patients who are not candidates for conventional treatment. The objective of this study is to assess the safety, efficacy, and tolerability of spray cryotherapy of esophageal adenocarcinoma. This study includes patients with esophageal adenocarcinoma who had failed or were not candidates for conventional therapy enrolled retrospectively and prospectively in an open-label registry and patients in a retrospective cohort from 11 academic and community practices...
November 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859993/on-ciprofloxacin-concentration-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#3
José Gameiro Dos Santos, Rosário Figueirinhas, José P Liberal, João C Almeida, Joana Sousa, Amílcar Falcão, Corália Vicente, João Paço, Cecília A Sousa
OBJECTIVE: Considering that all the evidence indicates that chronic rhinosinusitis without nasal polyps (CRSsNP) and chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) are distinct entities, the aim of this study was to compare the concentrations obtained in plasma and in sinonasal mucosa with oral and nasal topical ciprofloxacin, in patients with and without nasal polyps, without evaluating the effectiveness of the use of an antibiotic. METHODS: Prospective clinical study with single-blind randomization...
August 28, 2017: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859245/comparison-of-the-effect-of-aerosolized-fibrin-sealant-and-biodegradable-synthetic-polyurethane-foam-on-hemostasis-and-wound-healing-after-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-a-prospective-randomized-study
#4
Moon Sik Jung, Chang Hwan Choi, Myeong Sang Yu
BACKGROUND: Use of absorbable packing materials after functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) is associated with increased patient comfort and a lack of need for packing removal. Different materials may induce different patterns of mucosal healing and hemostasis. This study investigated the effect of fibrin sealant (FS; Tisseel) or biodegradable synthetic polyurethane foam (Nasopore(®) ) packing on hemostasis and wound healing after FESS. METHODS: This prospective randomized controlled trial included 35 consecutive patients who underwent bilateral FESS for chronic rhinosinusitis...
August 31, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826991/parents-preferences-regarding-public-reporting-of-outcomes-in-congenital-heart-surgery
#5
Mallory L Irons, J William Gaynor, Thomas L Spray, Chris Feudtner
BACKGROUND: Calls for public reporting of outcomes in congenital heart surgery have led to several different reporting schemes, including a star rating system and benchmark procedure-specific mortality data tables. Important unanswered questions remain about the optimal format and content of public reporting of congenital heart surgery outcomes. METHODS: In conjunction with three parent advocacy groups, we developed a questionnaire to gauge parents' attitudes regarding the format and content of an "optimal" public reporting scheme...
August 19, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803519/a-case-report-of-benzocaine-induced-methemoglobinemia
#6
Chaundra R Sewell, Michael P Rivey
Methemoglobinemia is a serious medical condition characterized by the disrupted binding of oxygen to iron on hemoglobin, with a consequent impaired oxygen delivery to body tissues. Various drugs including the local anesthetics such as benzocaine can cause acquired methemoglobinemia. The reported case describes methemoglobinemia that occurred in association with the use of topical benzocaine spray and lozenges in a previously healthy 51-year-old female who had undergone colon surgery to remove a bleeding polyp...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766436/how-to-perform-nasal-douching
#7
Janette Bartle, Alexander Millington
Rationale and key points This article provides information on nasal douching, which nurses can use to advise patients on how to perform this procedure. It explains how to prepare and use a home-made solution for nasal douching, and discusses the various products available that can assist patients in undertaking this procedure. » Nasal douching, also known as nasal washout, irrigation or lavage, is recommended to clear mucus and allergens from the nose for people with rhinitis or rhinosinusitis. It is also recommended following nasal surgery to cleanse and aid healing inside the nose...
August 2, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752736/influence-of-skin-disinfection-prior-removal-of-perineural-catheter-on-bacterial-colonization-contamination-and-local-inflammation-a-prospective-randomized-study
#8
Stephan Blumenthal, Reinhard Zbinden, Sascha Mandic, Christoph A Rüst, José Aguirre, Alain Borgeat
BACKGROUND: There is a wide variation of perineural catheter (PNC) colonization rates in the literature. The impact of skin disinfection on PNC colonization and inflammation is not clear. The objective of this prospective, randomized clinical study was to investigate the influence of alcoholic skin disinfection before PNC removal on the detection of bacteria on PNC. METHODS: Two hundred patients receiving a PNC for orthopaedic surgery were random- ized to receive (with-group) or not (without-group) a skin disinfection with a sprayed alcoholic solution before removal of the PNC...
July 28, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744742/the-primary-result-of-prospective-randomized-multicenter-trial-of-new-spray-type-bio-absorbable-adhesion-barrier-system-tcd-11091-against-postoperative-adhesion-formation
#9
Takeshi Suto, Masahiko Watanabe, Takeshi Endo, Koji Komori, Masayuki Ohue, Yukihide Kanemitsu, Masaaki Itou, Yasumasa Takii, Toshimasa Yatsuoka, Manabu Shiozawa, Tetsushi Kinugasa, Hideki Ueno, Tadatoshi Takayama, Tadahiko Masaki, Hiroyuki Masuko, Hisanaga Horie, Masafumi Inomata
BACKGROUND: Postoperative adhesions are the major cause of postoperative complications including intestinal obstruction, infertility, and chronic pelvic pain. In order to reduce postoperative adhesions, Terumo Corporation (Tokyo, Japan) has developed an adhesion barrier system (TCD-11091) which is easy to use at the treatment site in various surgical procedures including laparoscopic surgeries. We conducted a prospective randomized single-blind study in patients who underwent laparotomy with ileostomy...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735765/incidental-durotomy-during-total-en-bloc-spondylectomy
#10
Noriaki Yokogawa, Hideki Murakami, Satoru Demura, Satoshi Kato, Katsuhito Yoshioka, Hiroyuki Tsuchiya
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The incidence of incidental durotomy (ID) during total en bloc spondylectomy (TES) tends to be higher than that during other spinal surgeries because of the peculiarities of TES, including its highly invasive nature, epidural tumor extension, and use in patients who often have complicated medical backgrounds. However, there have been no detailed reports on ID associated with TES. PURPOSE: The study aimed to investigate ID during TES in detail...
July 20, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689238/transobturator-midurethral-sling-what-should-patients-expect-after-surgery
#11
Tomasz Rechberger, Andrzej Wrobel, Alicja Zietek, Ewa Rechberger, Michal Bogusiewicz, Pawel Miotla
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Midurethral sling (MUS) surgeries are minimally invasive procedures; however, they are not free of postoperative complications. The aim of the study was to assess the occurrence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) (urgency, nocturia, frequency, splitting/spraying, hesitancy, terminal dribbling, and subjective feeling of postvoid residual) in patients suffering from stress (SUI) or mixed (MUI) urinary incontinence with a predominant SUI component before and after transobturator MUS placement...
July 8, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635218/-nasal-irrigation-for-the-treatment-of-vasomotor-rhinitis-a-pilot-study
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
L Lin, Q Lu, X Y Tang, F Dai, J J Wei
Objective: To observe the therapeutic effect of simple 3.0% saline nasal irrigation and combined treatment of 3.0% saline nasal irrigation and budesonide nasal spray for vasomotor rhinitis (VMR), and explore the long-term effect for VMR. Through examination of levels of substance P (SP) and mucin (MUC)5B in nasal lavage fluid, the mechanisms of nasal irrigation treatment for VMR was discussed. Methods: One hundred and one patients from Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Huashan Hospital of Fudan University with VMR were randomly divided into 4 groups...
June 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604085/tension-pneumothorax-after-percutaneous-tracheostomy
#13
Sarina Matsumura, Naotaka Kishimoto, Tomio Iseki, Yoshihiro Momota
A 76-year-old woman with right mandibular gingival cancer was scheduled for surgery. A percutaneous tracheostomy kit was used for tracheostomy under intravenous sedation. After puncturing the cricothyroid membrane, a dilator was inserted along a guidewire. Bucking was observed at the time of insertion of the dilator, despite intratracheal lidocaine spray applied before insertion. After that, the tracheostomy tube was inserted, but no capnographic waveforms appeared when the tube was connected to the anesthesia circuit...
2017: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598945/long-term-outcomes-of-pediatric-cardiac-patients-supported-by-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#14
Matthew D Elias, Barbara-Jo Achuff, Richard F Ittenbach, Chitra Ravishankar, Thomas L Spray, Stephanie Fuller, Lisa M Montenegro, J William Gaynor, Matthew J O'Connor
OBJECTIVE: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is an important form of short-term mechanical support in children with cardiac disease, but information on long-term outcomes and quality of life is limited. The primary objective of this study was to determine the long-term outcomes of children previously supported by extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for cardiac etiologies. DESIGN: A retrospective analysis was performed on patients with cardiac disease managed with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation between January 1, 1995, and December 31, 2012, at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia...
August 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571174/comparison-of-steroid-and-itraconazole-for-prevention-of-recurrence-in-allergic-fungal-rhinosinusitis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Moirangthem Rojita, Swagatika Samal, Pradeep Pradhan, V P Venkatachalam
INTRODUCTION: Allergic Fungal Rhinosinusitis (AFRS) is due to the continuous exposure of fungal antigens to an atopic individual. Medical treatment following the surgery is the standard protocol often practiced for the treatment of AFRS. Steroid (systemic/topical) has been considered as the standard medical treatment for the control of the disease in AFRS although most of the patients show recurrence with long term follow up. Instead, antifungals (itraconazole) can be tried to decrease the recurrence rate which acts by inhibiting the fungal growth in the postoperative period...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566741/endometriosis-foci-differentiation-by-rapid-lipid-profiling-using-tissue-spray-ionization-and-high-resolution-mass-spectrometry
#16
Vitaliy V Chagovets, Zhihao Wang, Alexey S Kononikhin, Natalia L Starodubtseva, Anna Borisova, Dinara Salimova, Igor A Popov, Andrey V Kozachenko, Konstantin Chingin, Huanwen Chen, Vladimir E Frankevich, Leila V Adamyan, Gennady T Sukhikh
Obtaining fast screening information on molecular composition of a tissue sample is of great importance for a disease biomarkers search and for online surgery control. In this study, high resolution mass spectrometry analysis of eutopic and ectopic endometrium tissues (90 samples) is done using direct tissue spray mass spectrometry in both positive and negative ion modes. The most abundant peaks in the both ion modes are those corresponding to lipids. Species of three lipid classes are observed, phosphatidylcholines (PC), sphingomyelins (SM) and phosphoethanolamines (PE)...
May 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504321/hemodynamic-responses-and-plasma-phenylephrine-concentrations-associated-with-intranasal-phenylephrine-in-children
#17
Lisa K Christensen, Valerie E Armstead, David P Bilyeu, Kenneth E Johnson, Robert H Friesen
INTRODUCTION: Intranasal phenylephrine, an alpha-1 adrenergic agonist, causes vasoconstriction of the nasal mucosa and is used to reduce bleeding associated with nasotracheal intubation or endoscopic sinus surgery. The purpose of this study was to describe the hemodynamic effects associated with plasma phenylephrine concentrations following topical intranasal administration of 0.25% and 0.5% phenylephrine in children. METHODS: After Institutional Review Board and parental approval, 77 children between the ages of 2 and 12 years were studied in a prospective, double-blind manner and randomized into three groups...
July 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489213/effects-of-heparin-and-hyperbaric-oxygenation-on-necrosis-reduction-in-an-animal-model-for-degloving-injuries
#18
Douglas Neumar Menon, Letícia Teixeira, Natalha Bristot Paurosi, Marcio Eduardo Barros
Objective: to evaluate the efficacy of the treatment with hyperbaric oxygen therapy or with topical and intralesional heparin in an animal model of degloving lesions. Methods: we conducted an experimental study with adult, male Wistar rats submitted to degloving of the left hind limb and divided into four groups according to the treatment: Group 1 (control) - without treatment; Group 2 (Heparin) - intralesional application at the time of surgery and topically, in the postoperative period, with heparin spray 10,000IU/mL; Group 3 (hyperbaric oxygenation) - daily sessions of 30 minutes in a hyperbaric chamber with 100% oxygen and 2 ATA pressure; Group 4 (positive control) - administration of a single dose of 45 mg/kg of intraperitoneal allopurinol...
January 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412100/risk-of-acute-kidney-injury-after-percutaneous-pharmacomechanical-thrombectomy-using-angiojet-in-venous-and-arterial-thrombosis
#19
Guillermo A Escobar, Dillon Burks, Matthew R Abate, Mohammed F Faramawi, Ahsan T Ali, Lewis C Lyons, Mohammed M Moursi, Matthew R Smeds
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy is commonly used to treat acute thrombotic syndromes. AngioJet (AJ) forcibly sprays fibrinolytics to fragment and aspirate thrombus. It is known to cause hemolysis and gross hematuria, yet potential consequences to renal function after AJ remain unstudied. We sought to determine the risk of acute kidney injury (AKI) after AJ when compared with other lysis techniques. METHODS AND RESULTS: We retrospectively reviewed patients treated with thrombolysis over 5 years...
April 13, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405070/nitrous-oxide-induced-vitamin-b12-deficiency
#20
Lindsey Stockton, Cameron Simonsen, Susan Seago
Nitrous oxide is a gas that is odorless, colorless, and has a sweet taste at room temperature. Nitrous oxide has several uses, including in surgery and dentistry (referred to as "laughing gas"), in automotive racing, and in aerosol spray propellants. The aerosol spray propellants that typically use nitrous oxide are whipped cream canisters and cooking sprays. Unfortunately, these over-the-counter household items are a source of nitrous oxide that can be used for recreational use. The most popular is the use of industrial-grade canisters having the slang term "whippets...
April 2017: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
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