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thyroid nodule guidelines

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402167/multiinstitutional-analysis-of-thyroid-nodule-risk-stratification-using-the-american-college-of-radiology-thyroid-imaging-reporting-and-data-system
#1
William D Middleton, Sharlene A Teefey, Carl C Reading, Jill E Langer, Michael D Beland, Margaret M Szabunio, Terry S Desser
OBJECTIVE: Guidelines for managing thyroid nodules are highly dependent on risk stratification based on sonographic findings. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the risk stratification system used by the American College of Radiology Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (TIRADS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with thyroid nodules who underwent sonography and fine-needle aspiration were enrolled in a multiinstitutional study. The sonographic nodule features evaluated in the study were composition, echogenicity, margins, and echogenic foci...
April 12, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397856/1-5-2%C3%A2-cm-tumor-size-was-not-associated-with-distant-metastasis-and-mortality-in-small-thyroid-cancer-a-population-based-study
#2
Kyunghwa Han, Eun-Kyung Kim, Jin Young Kwak
Most guidelines for the diagnosis and management of thyroid nodules have suggested fine-needle aspiration as a diagnostic tool, with some of these previously published guidelines suggesting a cutoff size of 1.5 cm. In thyroid cancers (1-2 cm), we hypothesized that tumors 1.5 cm or larger had more unfavorable clinical outcomes than ones smaller than 1.5 cm nodules. Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database, we identified 14,117 patients diagnosed with only primary thyroid cancer between 1988 and 2007...
April 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396943/sonographic-differences-between-conventional-and-follicular-variant-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#3
Nicola M Hughes, Andreea Nae, Josephine Barry, Brendan Fitzgerald, Linda Feeley, Patrick Sheahan
Follicular variant papillary thyroid carcinoma (FVPTC) may pose a diagnostic challenge due to higher likelihood of lower risk cytology compared to conventional papillary thyroid carcinoma (CPTC). Recent guidelines have recommended the use of sonographic features to guide decisions to biopsy thyroid nodules. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the sonographic features of CPTC and FVPTC. This is a retrospective study design done in an Academic teaching hospital setting. Preoperative ultrasounds of 79 patients with conventional CPTC (48) and FVPTC (31) were reviewed by a radiologist blinded to histological diagnosis...
April 10, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385381/completeness-of-ultrasound-reporting-impacts-time-to-biopsy-for-benign-and-malignant-thyroid-nodules
#4
Alexandra Inman, Kaidi Liu, Kaye Ong, Pari Tiwari, Patrick Vos, Adam White, Sam M Wiseman
BACKGROUND: The objective was to evaluate reporting of guideline-recommended elements for thyroid ultrasound (US), and to determine whether element reporting was associated with the time to cytological and/or surgical diagnosis. METHODS: US reports of adults who underwent thyroid surgery for benign (n = 106) or malignant (n = 105) thyroid nodules between 2009 and 2014 were retrospectively reviewed for inclusion of 11 elements. RESULTS: On average 5...
March 28, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322617/clinicians-views-on-management-and-terminology-for-papillary-thyroid-microcarcinoma-a-qualitative-study
#5
Brooke Nickel, Juan P Brito, Alexandra Barratt, Susan Jordan, Ray Moynihan, Kirsten McCaffery
BACKGROUND: There is growing acceptance that the increase in thyroid cancer incidence is in part a result of overdiagnosis of small low-risk papillary microcarcinomas (PMCs) with indolent clinical course. Although surgery is the cornerstone treatment for patients with PMCs, recent management guidelines are shifting toward inclusion of more conservative treatments such as active surveillance. There is little evidence on clinicians' experience in managing PMC patients and their attitudes toward treatment options, including their willingness to accept a nonsurgical option...
March 21, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296783/incidental-thyroid-nodules-on-thoracic-contrast-enhanced-computed-tomography-in-clinical-practice-during-a-10-year-period-characteristics-clinical-outcomes-and-factors-contributing-to-further-evaluation
#6
Ju Yong Park, Kyung Hee Lee, Soon Gu Cho, Yeo Ju Kim, Ha Young Lee, In Ki Hong, Jun Ho Kim
The purposes of this study were to assess the prevalence, malignancy rate, and characteristics of incidental thyroid nodules (ITNs), and to identify factors that contribute the additional workup by ultrasound.The medical records and imaging features of ITNs reported via thoracic computed tomography (CT) were retrospectively reviewed to determine the size, multiplicity, attenuation, shape, and presence of calcification. To identify the factors associated with additional workup, we compared the workup and non-workup groups in terms of nodule characteristics, indications, and CT slices...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285385/real-time-elastography-in-autonomously-functioning-thyroid-nodules-relationship-with-tsh-levels-scintigraphy-and-ultrasound-patterns
#7
Pierpaolo Trimboli, Gaetano Paone, Maria Chiara Zatelli, Luca Ceriani, Luca Giovanella
BACKGROUND: Real-time elastography has been proposed to increase the sensitivity of ultrasound and improve the detection of thyroid nodules at risk of malignancy. To date sparse data on real-time elastography assessment of autonomously functioning thyroid nodules exist. Here, we investigated the potential role of real-time elastography in autonomously functioning thyroid nodule assessment. Specifically, the correlation between serum hormones and real-time elastography score, as well as other clinical and ultrasound features, was analyzed...
March 11, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283790/a-retrospective-study-of-ultrasound-and-fna-cytology-investigation-of-thyroid-nodules-working-towards-combined-risk-stratification
#8
Zi Wei Liu, Richard Fox, Samit Unadkat, Roy Farrell
The British Thyroid Association recommended in new guidelines on thyroid cancer treatment [Kwak et al. (Korean J Radiol 14:110-117, 2013)] that ultrasound grading of thyroid nodules should be incorporated into MDT management. A retrospective study was carried out to determine that the impact of US grading has had on MDT decision making in practice. The design used in the study is a retrospective review of case notes. The study was carried out in the hub hospital for thyroid cancer in the North west London Cancer network...
March 10, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255971/guideline-compliance-in-surgery-for-thyroid-nodules-a-retrospective-study
#9
A Reinisch, P Malkomes, N Habbe, J Bojunga, F Grünwald, K Badenhoop, W O Bechstein, K Holzer
Diagnostic guidelines for thyroid nodules focus on malignancy risk assessment to avoid unnecessary diagnostic operations. These guidelines recommend a combination of tests in form of a diagnostic algorithm. The present study analyzed the recommended algorithm and its implementation by different medical professionals. Preoperative diagnostic procedures, laboratory tests and histopathological findings of patients who underwent thyroid surgery between 2006 and 2013 were analyzed. The results were stratified by the assignation by specialized endocrinologists (ENP), general practitioners (GP) or Goethe-University Hospital Frankfurt (UKF)...
March 2, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222720/birt-hogg-dub%C3%A3-syndrome-a-literature-review-and-case-study-of-a-chinese-woman-presenting-a-novel-flcn-mutation
#10
Shengyu Hao, Fei Long, Fenglan Sun, Teng Liu, Daowei Li, Shujuan Jiang
BACKGROUND: The Birt-Hogg-Dubé (BHD) syndrome is a very rare autosomal dominant form of genodermatosis caused by germline mutations in the folliculin (FLCN) gene, which is mapped to the p11.2 region in chromosome 17. BHD commonly presents cutaneous fibrofolliculomas, pulmonary cysts, renal cell carcinoma, and recurrent pneumothoraxes. The disease is easily ignored or misdiagnosed as pneumothorax, pulmonary lymphangiomyomatosis (LAM), or emphysema. Follow-up and guidelines for managing recurrent pneumothoraxes in these patients are lacking...
February 21, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180201/thyroid-ultrasound-state-of-the-art-part-1-thyroid-ultrasound-reporting-and-diffuse-thyroid-diseases
#11
REVIEW
Manjiri Dighe, Richard Barr, Jörg Bojunga, Vito Cantisani, Maria Cristina Chammas, David Cosgrove, Xin Wu Cui, Yi Dong, Franziska Fenner, Maija Radzina, Sudhir Vinayak, Jun Mei Xu, Christoph F Dietrich
Accurate differentiation of focal thyroid nodules (FTL) and thyroid abnormalities is pivotal for proper diagnostic and therapeutic work-up. In these two part articles, the role of ultrasound techniques in the characterization of FTL and evaluation of diffuse thyroid diseases is described to expand on the recently published World Federation in Ultrasound and Medicine (WFUMB) thyroid elastography guidelines and review how this guideline fits into a complete thyroid ultrasound exam.
January 31, 2017: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127634/ultrasound-risk-stratification-for-malignancy-using-the-2015-american-thyroid-association-management-guidelines-for-children-with-thyroid-nodules-and-differentiated-thyroid-cancer
#12
Jennifer E Lim-Dunham, Iclal Erdem Toslak, Khalid Alsabban, Amany Aziz, Brendan Martin, Gokcan Okur, Katherine C Longo
BACKGROUND: The 2015 American Thyroid Association (ATA) Management Guidelines for Children with Thyroid Nodules and Differentiated Thyroid Cancer provides selection criteria for nodules prior to ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of pediatric thyroid nodule risk stratification for predicting malignancy when applying the ultrasound (US) criteria recommended. MATERIALS AND METHODS: US characteristics of 39 thyroid nodules in 33 pediatric patients who underwent US fine-needle aspiration biopsy were reviewed by two radiologists...
January 27, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125944/applying-criteria-of-active-surveillance-to-low-risk-papillary-thyroid-cancer-over-a-decade-how-many-surgeries-and-complications-can-be-avoided
#13
Andrew Griffin, Juan P Brito, Manisha Bahl, Jenny K Hoang
BACKGROUND: The 2015 American Thyroid Association guidelines acknowledged that "an active surveillance management approach can be considered as an alternative to immediate surgery" in patients with low-risk papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). The aim of this study was to determine the proportion of PTC that would meet the criteria for active surveillance and the surgeries and complications that could have been avoided. METHODS: A total of 681 patients with thyroid cancer who underwent thyroid surgery from 2003 to 2012 were retrospectively reviewed...
April 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118554/thyroid-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-cytology-results-observed-increase-in-indeterminate-rate-over-the-past-decade
#14
Amy M Manning, Huaitao Yang, Mercedes Falciglia, Jonathan R Mark, David L Steward
Objectives To evaluate changes in distribution of reported thyroid nodule fine-needle aspiration (FNA) cytopathology results since implementation of the Bethesda classification and revised 2015 American Thyroid Association (ATA) guidelines for selecting nodules for biopsy. Study Design Retrospective review. Setting Tertiary academic medical center. Subjects and Methods Evaluation of ultrasound (US)-guided thyroid FNA by a single surgeon using 2015 ATA nodule selection criteria and Bethesda reporting on 211 thyroid nodules in a 1-year period (2015)...
April 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114862/american-thyroid-association-guidelines-on-the-management-of-thyroid-nodules-and-differentiated-thyroid-cancer-task-force-review-and-recommendation-on-the-proposed-renaming-of-encapsulated-follicular-variant-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-without-invasion-to-noninvasive
#15
Bryan R Haugen, Anna M Sawka, Erik K Alexander, Keith C Bible, Patrizio Caturegli, Gerard M Doherty, Susan J Mandel, John C Morris, Aziza Nassar, Furio Pacini, Martin Schlumberger, Kathryn Schuff, Steven I Sherman, Hilary Somerset, Julie Ann Sosa, David L Steward, Leonard Wartofsky, Michelle D Williams
American Thyroid Association (ATA) leadership asked the ATA Thyroid Nodules and Differentiated Thyroid Cancer Guidelines Task Force to review, comment on, and make recommendations related to the suggested new classification of encapsulated follicular variant papillary thyroid carcinoma (eFVPTC) without capsular or vascular invasion to noninvasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP). The task force consists of members from the 2015 guidelines task force with the recusal of three members who were authors on the paper under review...
April 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096731/core-needle-biopsy-of-the-thyroid-2016-consensus-statement-and-recommendations-from-korean-society-of-thyroid-radiology
#16
REVIEW
Dong Gyu Na, Jung Hwan Baek, So Lyung Jung, Ji-Hoon Kim, Jin Yong Sung, Kyu Sun Kim, Jeong Hyun Lee, Jung Hee Shin, Yoon Jung Choi, Eun Ju Ha, Hyun Kyung Lim, Soo Jin Kim, Soo Yeon Hahn, Kwang Hwi Lee, Young Jun Choi, Inyoung Youn, Young Joong Kim, Hye Shin Ahn, Ji Hwa Ryu, Seon Mi Baek, Jung Suk Sim, Chan Kwon Jung, Joon Hyung Lee
Core needle biopsy (CNB) has been suggested as a complementary diagnostic method to fine-needle aspiration in patients with thyroid nodules. Many recent CNB studies have suggested a more advanced role for CNB, but there are still no guidelines on its use. Therefore, the Task Force Committee of the Korean Society of Thyroid Radiology has developed the present consensus statement and recommendations for the role of CNB in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules. These recommendations are based on evidence from the current literature and expert consensus...
January 2017: Korean Journal of Radiology: Official Journal of the Korean Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087101/current-management-of-low-risk-differentiated-thyroid-cancer-and-papillary-microcarcinoma
#17
V D Tarasova, R M Tuttle
Each year, the proportion of thyroid cancer patients presenting with low risk disease is increasing. Moreover, the definition of low risk thyroid cancer is expanding and several histological subtypes beyond papillary microcarcinomas are now classified as low risk disease. This shift in the landscape of thyroid cancer presentation is forcing clinicians to critically re-evaluate whether or not traditional management paradigms that were effective in treating intermediate and high risk disease are applicable to these low risk patients...
May 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056690/2017-guidelines-of-the-american-thyroid-association-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-thyroid-disease-during-pregnancy-and-the-postpartum
#18
Erik K Alexander, Elizabeth N Pearce, Gregory A Brent, Rosalind S Brown, Herbert Chen, Chrysoula Dosiou, William A Grobman, Peter Laurberg, John H Lazarus, Susan J Mandel, Robin P Peeters, Scott Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Thyroid disease in pregnancy is a common clinical problem. Since the guidelines for the management of these disorders by the American Thyroid Association (ATA) were first published in 2011, significant clinical and scientific advances have occurred in the field. The aim of these guidelines is to inform clinicians, patients, researchers, and health policy makers on published evidence relating to the diagnosis and management of thyroid disease in women during pregnancy, preconception, and the postpartum period...
March 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024119/accuracy-of-international-ultrasound-risk-stratification-systems-in-thyroid-lesions-cytologically-classified-as-indeterminate
#19
Pierpaolo Trimboli, Franco Fulciniti, Valentina Zilioli, Luca Ceriani, Luca Giovanella
BACKGROUND: Eminent international societies have published their thyroid ultrasound risk stratification system (US-RSS) to give a friendly tool for thyroidologists. In particular, American Thyroid Association (ATA), American Association Clinical Endocrinologists/American College of Endocrinologists and Associazione Medici Endocrinologi (AACE/ACE/AME), British Thyroid Association (BTA), and Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (TIRADS) are often adopted for clinical practice. The reliability of these US-RSS has not been evaluated in discriminating cancers from benignancy in nodules with indeterminate FNA...
February 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965276/thyroid-nodules-and-cancer-management-guidelines-comparisons-and-controversies
#20
REVIEW
Fadi Nabhan, Matthew D Ringel
Thyroid cancer is an increasingly prevalent malignancy throughout the world. Management guidelines for both thyroid nodules and thyroid cancer have been published and updated by a number of societies internationally. All of these guidelines recognize this increasing incidence, particularly of small papillary thyroid cancers, due in part to improved technology enabling early or even 'over' diagnosis. Recent advances in molecular imaging and molecular methods have been developed to better characterize thyroid nodules, and a number of studies that have clarified risk stratification systems that can be modified over time allow for individualization of diagnosis, initial treatment, and subsequent follow-up strategies...
February 2017: Endocrine-related Cancer
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