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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206939/the-ferguson-operating-anoscope-for-resection-of-t1-rectal-cancer
#1
Kristin C Turza, Thomas Brien, Steven Porbunderwala, Christopher M Bell, Shauna Lorenzo-Rivero, Richard A Moore, Eric C Nelson, J Daniel Stanley
The Ferguson Operating Anoscope (FOA) is a surgical instrument, which can facilitate transanal excision of appropriate rectal tumors within 15 cm of the anal verge. Previous work showed low recurrence (4.3%) for favorable T1 tumors (no lymphovascular invasion, well/moderate differentiation, negative margins). This follow-up study evaluates outcomes in rectal cancer excised with FOA at a tertiary care center. T1 rectal cancer patients were identified in a prospectively maintained database. Tumor pathology and patient characteristics were reviewed...
November 1, 2016: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177987/quality-of-life-and-functional-outcome-after-transanal-abdominal-transanal-proctectomy-for-low-rectal-cancer
#2
COMPARATIVE STUDY
John H Marks, Jean F Salem, Elsa B Valsdottir, Shadi S Yarandi, Gerald J Marks
BACKGROUND: Transanal abdominal transanal proctectomy is a sphincter-preserving procedure designed to avoid colostomy in patients with cancer in the distal third of the rectum. Oncologic outcomes of this procedure have been established. However, data regarding patient satisfaction and quality of life are scant. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the quality of life and functional outcomes of patients after transanal abdominal transanal proctectomy...
March 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150422/successful-restoration-of-fecal-continence-using-sacral-nerve-stimulation-following-chemoradiation-and-transanal-excision-of-an-anal-melanoma-with-partial-internal-anal-sphincter-resection-a-case-report
#3
Tyler Cameron Tolopka, Craig A Messick
OBJECTIVE: This case report provides evidence for our hypothesis that use of a sacral nerve stimulator may be considered in patients with fecal incontinence (FI) following chemoradiation and transanal operations in the setting of cancer including partial internal sphincter resections. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 57-year-old female with a history of anal melanoma was treated with neoadjuvant chemoradiation followed by wide local, transanal tumor excision with partial internal anal sphincter resection that resulted in ≥2 full fecal incontinent episodes/week with gas, liquid, and solid stool leakage ≥10/day requiring pad changes...
February 1, 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144126/transanal-endoscopic-operation-for-benign-rectal-lesions-and-t1-carcinoma
#4
Mathieu D'Hondt, Emi Yoshihara, Lieven Dedrye, Koen Vindevoghel, Frederiek Nuytens, Hans Pottel
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Transanal endoscopic operation (TEO) is a minimally invasive technique used for local excision of benign and selected malignant rectal lesions. The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility, safety, and oncological outcomes of the procedure and to report the experience in 3 centers. METHODS: Retrospective review of a prospectively collected database was performed of all patients with benign lesions or ≤cT1N0 rectal cancer who underwent TEO with curative intent at 3 Belgian centers (2012 through 2014)...
January 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133169/-a-case-of-self-expandable-metallic-stent-placement-to-treat-colon-obstruction-due-to-metastatic-gastric-cancer
#5
Jota Mikami, Yutaka Kimura, Yoichi Makari, Genta Sawada, Shin Nakahira, Ken Nakata, Tameyoshi Yamamoto, Masaki Tsujie, Hiroki Ohsato
A66 -year-old woman presented with abdominal pain and nausea. She was diagnosed with wall thickening of the gastric antrum and bowel obstruction caused by tumors of the splenic flexure on computed tomography. Aself -expandable metallic stent(SEMS)was placed in the splenic flexure of the colon 4 days after transanal ileus tube replacement. No complication was observed, and she could ingest a normal diet, permitting her discharge from the hospital 12 days after SEMS placement. She was diagnosed with gastric cancer(Type 4, cT4a[SE], N2, H0, P1, M1[LYM], cStage IV )on upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and computed tomography, and administration of S-1 plus oxaliplatin(SOX)was started...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123533/clinical-application-of-transanal-ileal-tube-placement-using-x-ray-monitoring
#6
Dechun Li, Hongtao Du, Guoqing Shao, Yuanshun Xu, Ruihong Li, Qingzhong Tian
Colorectal cancer, which includes colon and rectal cancer, is a common digestive tract tumor. Although surgery is the primary form of treatment, there are a number of drawbacks, including patients experiencing considerable pain and high cost. The present study was undertaken to examine the clinical value of transanal ileal tube placement under X-ray monitoring. Thirty-six cases of left colon obstruction presenting to our hospital between July 2011 and February 2014, underwent transanal ileal tube placement using a single-curve catheter guided by a guidewire under X-ray monitoring...
January 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099959/fecal-volume-after-laparoscopic-low-anterior-resection-predicts-anastomotic-leakage
#7
Eiji Hidaka, Chiyo Maeda, Kenta Nakahara, Shoji Shimada, Shumpei Mukai, Naruhiko Sawada, Fumio Ishida, Shin-Ei Kudo
BACKGROUND/AIM: Anastomotic leakage (AL) is a major complication after laparoscopic low anterior resection (Lap-LAR). Many surgeons encounter AL following severe postoperative diarrhea. However, little is known about the relationship between postoperative fecal volume and AL. This study determined whether postoperative fecal volume can predict AL. METHODS: A retrospective assessment was performed with data from 176 patients with rectal cancers who underwent Lap-LAR between April 2011 and August 2015...
January 19, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099070/laparoscopic-rectal-dissection-assisted-by-transanal-endoluminal-videoendoscopy-through-a-blunt-tip-trocar
#8
Emanuele Asti, Andrea Lovece, Luigi Bonavina
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Laparoscopic resection is a well-established approach for colorectal cancer surgery. In patients with rectal cancer treated by neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy, it may be difficult to identify a clear safety margin for endostapling and subsequent anastomosis. We designed an innovative technical approach to assist colorectal anastomosis in these patients. TECHNIQUE: A four-trocar laparoscopic approach is used. After exploration of the abdominal cavity, the left colic flexure is completely mobilized...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070659/diagnosis-treatment-and-consequences-of-anastomotic-leakage-in-colorectal-surgery
#9
Bodil Gessler, Olle Eriksson, Eva Angenete
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the choice of modality for diagnosis, treatments, and consequences of anastomotic leakage. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of consecutive patients who underwent surgery that included a colorectal anastomosis due to colorectal cancer, diverticulitis, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), or benign polyps. RESULTS: A total of 600 patients were included during 2010-2012, and 60 (10%) had an anastomotic leakage...
January 9, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059911/transanal-endoscopic-microsurgery-for-early-rectal-cancer-a-single-center-experience
#10
Conor H O'Neill, Joseph Platz, Jesse S Moore, Peter W Callas, Peter A Cataldo
BACKGROUND: There is debate regarding the appropriate use of transanal endoscopic microsurgery for rectal cancer. OBJECTIVE: This study analyzed our single-center experience with transanal endoscopic microsurgery for early rectal cancer. DESIGN: Medical charts of patients who underwent transanal endoscopic microsurgery were reviewed to determine lesion characteristics, as well as operative and treatment characteristics. Complications and recurrences were recorded...
February 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052695/management-of-early-colonic-neoplasia-where-are-we-now-and-where-are-we-heading
#11
Gaius Longcroft-Wheaton, Pradeep Bhandari
There have been considerable advances in the endoscopic treatment of colorectal neoplasia. The development of endoscopic submucosal dissection and full thickness resection techniques is changing the way benign disease and early cancers are managed. This article reviews the evidence behind these new techniques and discusses where this field is likely to move in the future. Areas covered: A PubMed literature review of resection techniques for colonic neoplasia was performed. The clinical and cost effectiveness of endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) is examined...
March 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044239/transanal-total-mesorectal-excision-tatme-for-rectal-cancer-effects-on-patient-reported-quality-of-life-and-functional-outcome
#12
T W A Koedam, G H van Ramshorst, C L Deijen, A K E Elfrink, W J H J Meijerink, H J Bonjer, C Sietses, J B Tuynman
BACKGROUND: Transanal total mesorectal excision (TaTME) has rapidly become an important component of the treatment of rectal cancer surgery. Cohort studies have shown feasibility concerning procedure, specimen quality and morbidity. However, concerns exist about quality of life and ano(neo)rectal function. The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate quality of life in patients following TaTME for rectal cancer with anastomosis. METHODS: Consecutive patients who underwent restorative TaTME surgery for rectal adenocarcinoma in an academic teaching center with tertiary referral function were evaluated...
January 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024946/short-and-mid-term-outcomes-after-endoscopic-transanal-or-laparoscopic-transabdominal-total-mesorectal-excision-for-low-rectal-cancer-a-single-institutional-case-control-study
#13
Bernard Lelong, Hélène Meillat, Christophe Zemmour, Flora Poizat, Jacques Ewald, Diane Mege, Jean Claude Lelong, Jean Robert Delpero, Cécile de Chaisemartin
BACKGROUND: Transabdominal laparoscopic proctectomy for rectal cancer was associated with post-operative recovery improvement. Early studies showed favourable short-term results of endoscopic transanal proctectomy with low conversion rates to an open procedure. We aimed to compare efficacy, morbidity, and functional outcomes of endoscopic transanal proctectomy (ETAP) to standard laparoscopic proctectomy (LAP) for low rectal cancer. STUDY DESIGN: From 2008 to 2013, 72 consecutive patients received proctectomy and coloanal manual anastomosis for low rectal adenocarcinoma...
December 23, 2016: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000657/combined-laparoscopic-and-transanal-total-mesorectal-excision-for-rectal-cancer-initial-experience-and-early-results
#14
Morten Holt Thomsen, Henrik Ovesen, Jens Ravn Eriksen
INTRODUCTION: Incomplete specimens resulting in residual mesorectum in the patient and an increased risk of local recurrence remains a problem. We have introduced transanal-total mesorectal excision (Ta-TME) in our department to potentially overcome this problem due to more direct access to the lower pelvis in patients undergoing TME for rectal cancer and this article presents our initial experience with the new procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with a T1-T3 mid or low rectal cancer eligible for TME or intersphincteric abdominoperineal excision were selected for a combined transanal and transabdominal laparoscopic resection...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997526/organ-preservation-with-local-excision-or-active-surveillance-following-chemoradiotherapy-for-rectal-cancer
#15
B Creavin, E Ryan, S T Martin, A Hanly, P R O'Connell, K Sheahan, D C Winter
BACKGROUND: Organ preservation has been proposed as an alternative to radical surgery for rectal cancer to reduce morbidity and mortality, and to improve functional outcome. METHODS: Locally advanced non-metastatic rectal cancers were identified from a prospective database. Patients staged ⩾T3 or any stage N+ were referred for neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) (50-54 Gy and 5-fluorouracil), and were reassessed 6-8 weeks post treatment. An active surveillance programme ('watch and wait') was offered to patients who were found to have a complete endoluminal response...
January 17, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996184/anastomotic-stenosis-after-coloanal-colorectal-and-ileoanal-anastomosis-what-is-the-best-management
#16
A Kraenzler, L Maggiori, O Pittet, M S Alyami, J Prost À la Denise, Y Panis
AIM: To assess the results of treatment for colorectal (CRA), coloanal (CAA) or ileal pouch-anal (IPAA) anastomotic stenosis (AS). METHOD: All patients operated on for AS from 1995 to 2014 were included. Success was defined as the absence of an additional surgical procedure for AS during 12 months after the last procedure and the absence of a stoma at the end of follow-up. RESULTS: Fifty consecutive patients presenting with AS after CRA (n = 16, 32%), CAA (n = 18, 36%) or IPAA (n = 16, 32%), performed for colorectal cancer (n = 28, 56%), familial adenomatous polyposis (n = 5, 10%), inflammatory bowel disease (n = 8, 16%), diverticulitis (n = 4, 8%), benign colorectal neoplasia (n = 3, 6%) or other (n = 2, 4%) underwent a total of 99 procedures including digital (n = 14, 14%), instrumental (n = 38, 38%) or endoscopic dilatation (n = 5, 5%), transanal AS stricturoplasty (n = 9, 10%), transanal circular stapler resection (n = 11, 11%) or transabdominal redo-anastomosis (n = 22, 22%)...
February 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992283/transanal-endoscopic-microsurgery-combined-with-laparoscopic-colectomy-for-synchronous-colorectal-tumors-a-word-of-caution
#17
Nida Issa, Yaniv Fenig, Muhammad Khatib, Mustafa Yasin, Eldad Powsner, Wisam Khoury
BACKGROUND: The incidence of malignant synchronous colorectal tumors (SCRT) is between 2% and 5%, and the association of synchronous adenomatous polyps in colon cancer has been reported to be 15%-50%. Surgical resection is the primary treatment option for SCRT not amendable to endoscopic resection. Lesions in adjacent segments are usually treated with more extensive resection; however, there is still some controversy on how to best treat synchronous lesions in separate segments, especially when the rectum is involved...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990592/combined-notes-total-mesorectal-excision-and-single-incision-laparoscopy-principles-for-conservative-proctectomy-a-single-centre-study
#18
H Meillat, C de Chaisemartin, F Poizat, E Bories, R Fara, J R Delpero, B Lelong
BACKGROUND: Surgery for low rectal cancer remains a challenge when a standard laparoscopic approach is used. Transanal endoscopic total mesorectal excision (TME) has been shown to be feasible and to be associated with a low conversion rate. Combining the transanal and transabdominal single-port approaches (with an abdominal single port implanted in the future stoma and extraction site) could allow TME with minimal wound trauma, low morbidity, and faster recovery. The aim of the current study was to assess the short- and mid-term results of this technique...
January 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934790/abdomino-endoscopic-perineal-excision-of-the-rectum-for-benign-and-malignant-pathology-technique-considerations-for-true-transperineal-verus-transanal-total-mesorectal-excision-endoscopic-proctectomy
#19
Hazar Al Furajii, Niall Kennedy, Ronan A Cahill
PURPOSE: Transanal minimally invasive surgery using single port instrumentation is now well described for the performance of total mesorectal excision with restorative colorectal/anal anastomosis most-often in conjunction with transabdominal multiport assistance. While non-restorative abdomino-endoscopic perineal excision of the anorectum is conceptually similar, it has been less detailed in the literature. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing non-restorative ano-proctectomy including a transperineal endoscopic component were analysed...
January 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914773/transanal-total-mesorectal-excision-tatme-for-rectal-cancer-step-by-step-description-of-the-surgical-technique-for-a-two-teams-approach
#20
M C Arroyave, F B DeLacy, A M Lacy
Interest in transanal total mesorectal excision (TaTME) is growing worldwide due to the application of minimally invasive techniques to rectal cancer surgery while maintaining adequate oncologic outcomes. This article presents the standardised and refined technique after performing more than 300 operations at Hospital Clinic of Barcelona.
February 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
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