keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

TKR, THR

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110097/geographic-region-socioeconomic-position-and-the-utilisation-of-primary-total-joint-replacement-for-hip-or-knee-osteoarthritis-across-western-victoria-a-cross-sectional-multilevel-study-of-the-australian-orthopaedic-association-national-joint-replacement-registry
#1
Sharon Brennan-Olsen, Sara Vogrin, Kara L Holloway, Richard S Page, Muhammad A Sajjad, Mark A Kotowicz, Patricia M Livingston, Mustafa Khasraw, Sharon Hakkennes, Trish L Dunning, Susan Brumby, Daryl Pedler, Alasdair Sutherland, Svetha Venkatesh, Lana J Williams, Gustavo Duque, Julie A Pasco
Compared to urban residents, those in rural/regional areas often experience inequitable healthcare from specialist service providers. Independent of small between-area differences in utilisation, socially advantaged groups had the greatest uptake of joint replacement. These data suggest low correlation between 'need' vs. 'uptake' of surgery in rural/regional areas. BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Compared to urban residents, those in rural and regional areas often experience inequitable healthcare from specialist service providers, often due to geographical issues...
November 6, 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096686/vaso-vitamin-d-and-arthroplasty-surgery-outcomes-study-supplementation-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-to-improve-outcomes-after-total-hip-or-knee-replacement-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-feasibility-trial
#2
Rory J M Morrison, Deborah Bunn, William K Gray, Paul N Baker, Craig White, Amar Rangan, Kenneth S Rankin, Mike R Reed
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency has been linked to poor outcomes after total hip replacement (THR) or total knee replacement (TKR), including lower patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), peri-prosthetic infection and longer hospital stay. We present a randomised feasibility trial protocol designed to prospectively investigate the influence of vitamin D testing, and subsequent supplementation for deficiency, prior to THR/TKR. METHODS/DESIGN: One hundred adult patients undergoing primary THR/TKR for osteoarthritis at two NHS hospital trusts in North East England will be recruited...
November 2, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089246/osteoarthritis-and-other-long-term-health-conditions-in-former-elite-cricketers
#3
Mary E Jones, Madeleine A M Davies, Kirsten M Leyland, Antonella Delmestri, Angus Porter, Jason Ratcliffe, Nick Peirce, Julia L Newton, Nigel K Arden
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe the prevalence and risk of chronic conditions in former elite cricketers compared to a normal population, and describe wellbeing in former elite cricketers. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Former elite cricketers, recruited from the Professional Cricketers' Association, completed a self-report cross-sectional questionnaire. The English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) served as the normal population...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060375/a-monitoring-system-for-walking-rehabilitation-after-thr-or-tkr-surgeries
#4
Qianpeng Zheng, Hong Chen
After total hip replacement and total knee replacement, patients are highly recommended to take walking rehabilitation, during which time, the weight loads on the limb should be limited to a certain range, which is difficult for patients to control on their own. To improve the accuracy and reliability of the traditional method for walking rehabilitation, we proposed a monitoring system comprised of pressure sensors, an analog digital converter, a micro-control unit, Bluetooth modules and a smart-phone application...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055489/association-between-nice-guidance-on-biologic-therapies-with-rates-of-hip-and-knee-replacement-among-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-in-england-and-wales-an-interrupted-time-series-analysis
#5
Samuel Hawley, René Cordtz, Lene Dreyer, Christopher J Edwards, Nigel K Arden, Antonella Delmestri, Alan Silman, Cyrus Cooper, Andrew Judge, Daniel Prieto-Alhambra
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the impact of NICE approval of tumor necrosis factor inhibitor (TNFi) therapies on the incidence of total hip replacement (THR) and total knee replacement (TKR) among rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients in England and Wales. METHODS: Primary care data [Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD)] for the study period (1995-2014) were used to identify incident adult RA patients. The age and sex-standardised 5-year incidence of THR and TKR was calculated separately for RA patients diagnosed in each six-months between 1995-2009...
September 23, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973836/general-and-abdominal-obesity-as-risk-factors-for-late-life-mobility-limitation-after-total-knee-or-hip-replacement-for-osteoarthritis-among-women
#6
Aladdin H Shadyab, Wenjun Li, Charles B Eaton, Andrea Z LaCroix
OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations of body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and waist-hip ratio (WHR) with survival to age 85 with mobility limitation or death before age 85 among older women with total knee (TKR) or total hip (THR) replacement for osteoarthritis. METHODS: This was a prospective study of women (aged 65-79 years at baseline) from the Women's Health Initiative recruited during 1993-1998 and followed through 2012. Women's Health Initiative data were linked to Medicare claims data to determine TKR (n=1,867) and THR (n=944) for osteoarthritis...
October 3, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922684/-rbc-transfusion-triggers-in-orthopaedic-lower-limb-arthroplasty
#7
Dirk Holten, Peter Zaar, Stefan Kessler
Introduction We implemented a hospital-wide mandatory RBC transfusion trigger checklist based on the haemoglobin level transfusion thresholds recommended by the German federal physicians board. Transfusion triggers, transfusion rates and hospital LOS in orthopaedic lower limb arthroplasty were compared before and after implementation of the transfusion trigger checklist. The goal was to evaluate the effect of this single and easy-to-implement intervention on transfusion rates in orthopaedic lower limb arthroplasty...
September 18, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917522/does-physical-activity-change-following-hip-and-knee-replacement-matched-case-control-study-evaluating-physical-activity-scale-for-the-elderly-data-from-the-osteoarthritis-initiative
#8
T O Smith, M Mansfield, J Dainty, G Hilton, C J V Mann, C M Sackley
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether physical activity measured using the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE), changes during the initial 24 months post-total hip (THR) or knee replacement (TKR), and how this compares to a matched non-arthroplasty cohort. DESIGN: Case-controlled study analysis of a prospectively collected dataset. SETTING: USA community-based. PARTICIPANTS: 116 people post-THR, 105 people post-TKR compared to 663 people who had not undergone THR or TKR, or had hip or knee osteoarthritis...
September 13, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719557/functional-gain-and-pain-relief-after-total-joint-replacement-according-to-obesity-status
#9
MULTICENTER STUDY
Wenjun Li, David C Ayers, Courtland G Lewis, Thomas R Bowen, Jeroan J Allison, Patricia D Franklin
BACKGROUND: Obesity has been associated with lower function and more pain before and after total hip or knee replacement (THR or TKR). We examined the changes between preoperative and postoperative function and pain in a large representative U.S. cohort to determine if there was a relationship to obesity status. METHODS: Preoperative and 6-month postoperative data on function (Short Form-36 Physical Component Summary [PCS] score), joint pain (Hip disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score and Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score), and body mass index (BMI) were collected from a national sample of 2,040 patients who had undergone THR and 2,964 who had undergone TKR from May 2011 to March 2013...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705605/age-of-menarche-is-associated-with-knee-joint-replacement-due-to%C3%A2-primary-osteoarthritis-the-hunt-study-and-the-norwegian-arthroplasty-register
#10
A I Hellevik, L Nordsletten, M B Johnsen, A M Fenstad, O Furnes, K Storheim, J A Zwart, G Flugsrud, A Langhammer
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether parity, age at menarche, menopausal status, age at menopause, use of oral contraceptives (OC) or use of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) were associated with total knee replacement (TKR) or total hip replacement (THR) due to primary osteoarthritis. METHOD: In a prospective cohort study of 30,289 women from the second and third surveys of the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study, data were linked to the Norwegian Arthroplasty Register (NAR) in order to identify TKR or THR due to primary osteoarthritis...
July 10, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678604/a-post-marketing-assessment-of-major-bleeding-in-total-hip-and-total-knee-replacement-surgery-patients-receiving-rivaroxaban
#11
Louis M Kwong, Alexander G G Turpie, Sally Tamayo, W Frank Peacock, Zhong Yuan, Nicholas Sicignano, Kathleen Pillsbury Hopf, Manesh R Patel
BACKGROUND: Rivaroxaban is a novel oral anticoagulant indicated for prophylaxis against deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism in patients undergoing total hip replacement (THR) or total knee replacement (TKR) surgery. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate major bleeding (MB) in THR/TKR patients receiving post-operative rivaroxaban. METHODS: Electronic medical records of nearly 10 million US Department of Defense (DoD) beneficiaries were queried from 1 January 2013 through 30 June 2015...
July 20, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597247/pre-operative-predictors-of-post-operative-falls-in-people-undergoing-total-hip-and-knee-replacement-surgery-a-prospective-study
#12
Pazit Levinger, Elin Wee, Soula Margelis, Hylton B Menz, John R Bartlett, Neil R Bergman, Stephen McMahon, Keith D Hill
INTRODUCTION: Pain and disability often persist following hip (THR) and knee replacement (TKR) surgery predisposing patients to increased risk of falling. This study identified pre-operative predictors for post-operative falls in TKR and THR patients, and the incidence and circumstances of falls in the 12 months post-surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey was undertaken of patients before THR and TKR, and was repeated 12 months post-operation. The survey included (1) medical history and medications usage, (2) pain and function, (3) health-related and physical activity and (4) fear of falls and history of falls questionnaires...
August 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539693/quality-based-procedures-for-knee-replacement-hip-replacement-and-hip-fracture-physiotherapists-perceptions-of-adherence-barriers-and-facilitators
#13
Kirsti J E Reinikka, Denise Taylor, Sylvia Daniel, Stacey Burns-Hogan, Brittany DePass, Laura McGill, Michael McLeod, Susan Safadi, Sandy Veit
Purpose: This mixed-methods study examined the perceived barriers to and facilitators of implementing best-practice guidelines (BPGs) and adhering to provincial Quality-Based Procedures (QBPs) by Ontario physiotherapists working with patients after total knee replacement (TKR), total hip replacement (THR), and hip fracture (HF). Method: Using snowball sampling, 93 hospital and home care physiotherapists working with patients after TKR, THR, or HF completed a Web-based survey. A subset of these participated in follow-up semi-structured telephone interviews...
2017: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521834/incidence-of-total-hip-or-knee-replacement-due-to-osteoarthritis-in-relation-to-thyroid-function-a-prospective-cohort-study-the-nord-tr%C3%A3-ndelag-health-study
#14
Alf Inge Hellevik, Marianne Bakke Johnsen, Arnulf Langhammer, Anne Marie Fenstad, Ove Furnes, Kjersti Storheim, John Anker Zwart, Gunnar Flugsrud, Lars Nordsletten
BACKGROUND: To study whether thyroid function was associated with risk of hip or knee replacement due to primary osteoarthritis. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, data from the second and third survey of the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study were linked to the Norwegian Arthroplasty Register in order to identify total hip or knee replacement as a result of primary osteoarthritis. RESULTS: Among 37 891 participants without previously known thyroid disease we recorded 978 total hip replacements (THRs) and 538 total knee replacements (TKRs) during a median follow-up time of 15...
May 18, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302377/stair-negotiation-as-a-rehabilitation-intervention-for-enhancing-recovery-following-total-hip-and-knee-replacement-surgery
#15
REVIEW
James P Gavin, Tikki Immins, Thomas Wainwright
BACKGROUND: Total hip replacement (THR) and total knee replacement (TKR) are common orthopaedic procedures. However, an optimal programme for post-operative rehabilitation has yet to be established. Stair negotiation is a challenging, habitual task, regularly used as a post-operative functional outcome measure; yet as a physical rehabilitation intervention it appears to be rarely used. AIM: The review purpose was to investigate the effectiveness of stair climbing as a rehabilitation intervention for THR and TKR patients...
May 2017: International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185212/economic-evaluations-of-new-oral-anticoagulants-for-the-prevention-of-venous-thromboembolism-after-total-hip-or-knee-replacement-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
James Brockbank, Sorrel Wolowacz
BACKGROUND: Total hip replacement (THR) and total knee replacement (TKR) surgeries are being performed with increasing regularity and are associated with a high risk of developing a venous thromboembolism (VTE). New oral anticoagulants (NOACs) may be more effective at preventing VTEs but are associated with more bleeding events versus traditional anticoagulants. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review was to identify published economic analyses of NOACs for primary VTE prophylaxis following THR and TKR surgeries, and to summarise the modelling techniques used and the cost-effectiveness results...
May 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118530/current-risk-adjustment-and-comorbidity-index-underperformance-in-predicting-post-acute-utilization-and-hospital-readmissions-after-joint-replacements-implications-for-comprehensive-care-for-joint-replacement-model
#17
Amit Kumar, Amol Karmarkar, Brian Downer, Amit Vashist, Deepak Adhikari, Soham Al Snih, Kenneth Ottenbacher
OBJECTIVE: To compare the performances of 3 comorbidity indices, the Charlson Comorbidity Index, the Elixhauser Comorbidity Index, and the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) risk adjustment model, Hierarchical Condition Category (HCC), in predicting post-acute discharge settings and hospital readmission for patients after joint replacement. METHODS: A retrospective study of Medicare beneficiaries with total knee replacement (TKR) or total hip replacement (THR) discharged from hospitals in 2009-2011 (n = 607,349) was performed...
November 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102615/comparative-effectiveness-of-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-options-for-the-patient-undergoing-total-hip-and-knee-replacement-a-network-meta-analysis
#18
A Kapoor, A Ellis, N Shaffer, J Gurwitz, A Chandramohan, J Saulino, A Ishak, T Okubanjo, F Michota, E Hylek, T A Trikalinos
Essentials Despite trial data, guidelines have not endorsed direct oral Xa inhibitors above other options. We provide profiles of venous thromboembolism and hemorrhage risk for 12 options. Direct oral Xa inhibitors had a favorable profile compared with low-molecular-weight heparin. Other options did not have favorable profiles compared with low-molecular-weight heparin. SUMMARY: Background There are numerous trials and several meta-analyses comparing venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis options after total hip and knee replacement (THR and TKR)...
February 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089984/achieving-consensus-on-total-joint-replacement-trial-outcome-reporting-using-the-omeract-filter-endorsement-of-the-final-core-domain-set-for-total-hip-and-total-knee-replacement-trials-for-endstage-arthritis
#19
Jasvinder A Singh, Michelle M Dowsey, Michael Dohm, Susan M Goodman, Amye L Leong, Marieke M J H Scholte Voshaar, Peter F Choong
OBJECTIVE: Discussion and endorsement of the OMERACT total joint replacement (TJR) core domain set for total hip replacement (THR) and total knee replacement (TKR) for endstage arthritis; and next steps for selection of instruments. METHODS: The OMERACT TJR working group met at the 2016 meeting at Whistler, British Columbia, Canada. We summarized the previous systematic reviews, the preliminary OMERACT TJR core domain set and results from previous surveys. We discussed preliminary core domains for TJR clinical trials, made modifications, and identified challenges with domain measurement...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073671/fast-track-recovery-technique-applied-to-primary-total-hip-and-knee-replacement-surgery-analysis-of-costs-and-complications
#20
C Wilches, J D Sulbarán, J E Fernández, J M Gisbert, J M Bausili, X Pelfort
PURPOSE: To determine the cost reduction and complication rates of using an enhanced recovery pathway (Fast-track) when compared to traditional recovery in primary total hip replacement (THR) and total knee replacement (TKR), as well as to determine if there were significant differences in complication rates. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective review of 100 primary total arthroplasties using the Fast-track recovery system and another 100 using conventional recovery...
January 7, 2017: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
keyword
keyword
66015
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"