keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

H3K9me3

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350772/arsenite-induced-histone-h3-modification-and-its-effects-on-egr1-and-fos-expression-in-hela-cells
#1
Toshihide Suzuki, Hiroshi Watanabe, Kayoko Kita, Taro Honma, Takafumi Ochi
It is evident that trivalent arsenicals do not have mutagenicity, but they are human carcinogens. Recently, epigenetic modification has been considered as one of the important causes of arsenical carcinogenicity. Here we examined global histone H3 modification by trivalent inorganic arsenite (iAs(III)) and its contribution to gene expression in HeLa cells. iAs(III) induced histone H3K9 dimethylation (H3K9me2) and trimethylation (H3K9me3), histone H3S10 phosphorylation (H3S10p), histone H3T11 phosphorylation (H3T11p) and histone H3K9S10 trimethyl-phosphorylation (H3K9me3S10p)...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337117/xist-derepression-in-active-x-chromosome-hinders-pig-somatic-cell-nuclear-transfer
#2
Degong Ruan, Jiangyun Peng, Xiaoshan Wang, Zhen Ouyang, Qingjian Zou, Yi Yang, Fangbing Chen, Weikai Ge, Han Wu, Zhaoming Liu, Yu Zhao, Bentian Zhao, Quanjun Zhang, Chengdan Lai, Nana Fan, Zhiwei Zhou, Qishuai Liu, Nan Li, Qin Jin, Hui Shi, Jingke Xie, Hong Song, Xiaoyu Yang, Jiekai Chen, Kepin Wang, Xiaoping Li, Liangxue Lai
Pig cloning by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) remains extremely inefficient, and many cloned embryos undergo abnormal development. Here, by profiling transcriptome expression, we observed dysregulated chromosome-wide gene expression in every chromosome and identified a considerable number of genes that are aberrantly expressed in the abnormal cloned embryos. In particular, XIST, a long non-coding RNA gene, showed high ectopic expression in abnormal embryos. We also proved that nullification of the XIST gene in donor cells can normalize aberrant gene expression in cloned embryos and enhance long-term development capacity of the embryos...
January 10, 2018: Stem Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336876/structural-basis-of-heterochromatin-formation-by-human-hp1
#3
Shinichi Machida, Yoshimasa Takizawa, Masakazu Ishimaru, Yukihiko Sugita, Satoshi Sekine, Jun-Ichi Nakayama, Matthias Wolf, Hitoshi Kurumizaka
Heterochromatin plays important roles in transcriptional silencing and genome maintenance by the formation of condensed chromatin structures, which determine the epigenetic status of eukaryotic cells. The trimethylation of histone H3 lysine 9 (H3K9me3), a target of heterochromatin protein 1 (HP1), is a hallmark of heterochromatin formation. However, the mechanism by which HP1 folds chromatin-containing H3K9me3 into a higher-order structure has not been elucidated. Here we report the three-dimensional structure of the H3K9me3-containing dinucleosomes complexed with human HP1α, HP1β, and HP1γ, determined by cryogenic electron microscopy with a Volta phase plate...
January 10, 2018: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317652/sirt6-dependent-cysteine-monoubiquitination-in-the-pre-set-domain-of-suv39h1-regulates-the-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway
#4
Irene Santos-Barriopedro, Laia Bosch-Presegué, Anna Marazuela-Duque, Carolina de la Torre, Carlota Colomer, Berta N Vazquez, Thomas Fuhrmann, Bárbara Martínez-Pastor, Wenfu Lu, Thomas Braun, Eva Bober, Thomas Jenuwein, Lourdes Serrano, Manel Esteller, Zhenbang Chen, Silvia Barceló-Batllori, Raúl Mostoslavsky, Lluis Espinosa, Alejandro Vaquero
Sirtuins are NAD+-dependent deacetylases that facilitate cellular stress response. They include SirT6, which protects genome stability and regulates metabolic homeostasis through gene silencing, and whose loss induces an accelerated aging phenotype directly linked to hyperactivation of the NF-κB pathway. Here we show that SirT6 binds to the H3K9me3-specific histone methyltransferase Suv39h1 and induces monoubiquitination of conserved cysteines in the PRE-SET domain of Suv39h1. Following activation of NF-κB signaling Suv39h1 is released from the IκBα locus, subsequently repressing the NF-κB pathway...
January 9, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289671/melatonin-protects-mouse-spermatogonial-stem-cells-against-hexavalent-chromium-induced-apoptosis-and-epigenetic-histone-modification
#5
Yinghua Lv, Pengfei Zhang, Jiayin Guo, Zhendong Zhu, Xueliang Li, Dazhong Xu, Wenxian Zeng
Given the potential biological functions of spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) in spermatogenesis and in delivering parental genetic information to the next generation, how these cells respond to environmental toxins and carcinogens should be investigated. We examined the toxic effect of hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) on global histone modifications and apoptotic signaling pathways in SSCs. We determined the effect of melatonin, one of the most powerful endogenous free radical scavengers and wide-spectrum antioxidants, in protecting SSCs from Cr(VI)-induced apoptosis and global histone modification by Western blot analysis...
December 28, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273057/cenp-b-protects-centromere-chromatin-integrity-by-facilitating-histone-deposition-via-the-h3-3-specific-chaperone-daxx
#6
Viacheslav M Morozov, Serena Giovinazzi, Alexander M Ishov
BACKGROUND: The main chromatin unit, the nucleosome, can be modulated by the incorporation of histone variants that, in combination with posttranslational histones modifications, determine epigenetics properties of chromatin. Understanding the mechanism that creates a histone variants landscape at different genomic elements is expected to elevate our comprehension of chromatin assembly and function. The Daxx chaperone deposits transcription-associated histone H3.3 at centromeres, but mechanism of centromere-specific Daxx targeting remains unclear...
December 22, 2017: Epigenetics & Chromatin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258294/senescence-associated-reprogramming-promotes-cancer-stemness
#7
Maja Milanovic, Dorothy N Y Fan, Dimitri Belenki, J Henry M Däbritz, Zhen Zhao, Yong Yu, Jan R Dörr, Lora Dimitrova, Dido Lenze, Ines A Monteiro Barbosa, Marco A Mendoza-Parra, Tamara Kanashova, Marlen Metzner, Katharina Pardon, Maurice Reimann, Andreas Trumpp, Bernd Dörken, Johannes Zuber, Hinrich Gronemeyer, Michael Hummel, Gunnar Dittmar, Soyoung Lee, Clemens A Schmitt
Cellular senescence is a stress-responsive cell-cycle arrest program that terminates the further expansion of (pre-)malignant cells. Key signalling components of the senescence machinery, such as p16INK4a, p21CIP1 and p53, as well as trimethylation of lysine 9 at histone H3 (H3K9me3), also operate as critical regulators of stem-cell functions (which are collectively termed 'stemness'). In cancer cells, a gain of stemness may have profound implications for tumour aggressiveness and clinical outcome. Here we investigated whether chemotherapy-induced senescence could change stem-cell-related properties of malignant cells...
December 20, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240271/chromatin-level-regulation-of-the-fragmented-dothistromin-gene-cluster-in-the-forest-pathogen-dothistroma-septosporum
#8
Pranav Chettri, Pierre-Yves Dupont, Rosie E Bradshaw
Genes required for fungal secondary metabolite production are usually clustered, co-regulated and expressed in stationary growth phase. Chromatin modification has an important role in co-regulation of secondary metabolite genes. The virulence factor dothistromin, a relative of aflatoxin, provided a unique opportunity to study chromatin level regulation in a highly fragmented gene cluster that is switched on during early exponential growth phase. We analysed three histone modification marks by ChIP-qPCR and gene deletion in the pine pathogen Dothistroma septosporum to determine their effects on dothistromin gene expression across a time course and at different loci of the dispersed gene cluster...
December 14, 2017: Molecular Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236331/reduction-of-two-histone-marks-h3k9me3-and-h3k27me3-by-epidrug-induces-neuroendocrine-differentiation-in-prostate-cancer
#9
Eunsohl Lee, Jingcheng Wang, Younghun Jung, Frank C Cackowski, Russell S Taichman
Neuroendocrine prostate cancer (NE PCa) is an aggressive malignancy, often presenting with advanced metastasis. We previously reported that reduction of histone marks regulated by DNMT1 following epidrug (5-Azacitidine, 5-Aza) treatment controls induction of epithelial to mesenchymal (EMT) and a cancer stem cell (CSC) phenotype, which facilitates tumorigenesis in PCa cells. Here, we use the epidrug 5-Aza as a model for how histone marks may regulate the reprogramming of prostate adenocarcinoma into NE phenotypic cells...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234025/h3k14ac-is-linked-to-methylation-of-h3k9-by-the-triple-tudor-domain-of-setdb1
#10
Renata Z Jurkowska, Su Qin, Goran Kungulovski, Wolfram Tempel, Yanli Liu, Pavel Bashtrykov, Judith Stiefelmaier, Tomasz P Jurkowski, Srikanth Kudithipudi, Sara Weirich, Raluca Tamas, Hong Wu, Ludmila Dombrovski, Peter Loppnau, Richard Reinhardt, Jinrong Min, Albert Jeltsch
SETDB1 is an essential H3K9 methyltransferase involved in silencing of retroviruses and gene regulation. We show here that its triple Tudor domain (3TD) specifically binds to doubly modified histone H3 containing K14 acetylation and K9 methylation. Crystal structures of 3TD in complex with H3K14ac/K9me peptides reveal that peptide binding and K14ac recognition occurs at the interface between Tudor domains (TD) TD2 and TD3. Structural and biochemical data demonstrate a pocket switch mechanism in histone code reading, because K9me1 or K9me2 is preferentially recognized by the aromatic cage of TD3, while K9me3 selectively binds to TD2...
December 12, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229825/network-analysis-identifies-chromosome-intermingling-regions-as-regulatory-hotspots-for-transcription
#11
Anastasiya Belyaeva, Saradha Venkatachalapathy, Mallika Nagarajan, G V Shivashankar, Caroline Uhler
The 3D structure of the genome plays a key role in regulatory control of the cell. Experimental methods such as high-throughput chromosome conformation capture (Hi-C) have been developed to probe the 3D structure of the genome. However, it remains a challenge to deduce from these data chromosome regions that are colocalized and coregulated. Here, we present an integrative approach that leverages 1D functional genomic features (e.g., epigenetic marks) with 3D interactions from Hi-C data to identify functional interchromosomal interactions...
December 11, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220567/the-structural-basis-of-the-histone-demethylase-kdm6b-histone-3-lysine-27-specificity
#12
Sarah Elizabeth Jones, Lars Olsen, Michael Gajhede
KDM subfamily 6 enzymes KDM6A and KDM6B specifically catalyse demethylation of di-/tri-methylated lysine on Histone 3 lysine 27 (H3K27me3/2) and play an important role in repression of developmental genes. Despite identical amino acid sequence in the immediate surroundings of H3K9me3/2 (ARKS) the enzymes do not catalyse demethylation of this general marker of repression. In order to address this question for KDM6B we used computational methods to identify H3(17-33) derived peptides with improved binding affinity, that would enable co-crystallization with the catalytic core of human KDM6B (ccKDM6B)...
December 8, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216379/endothelial-cell-differentiation-is-encompassed-by-changes-in-long-range-interactions-between-inactive-chromatin-regions
#13
Henri Niskanen, Irina Tuszynska, Rafal Zaborowski, Merja Heinäniemi, Seppo Ylä-Herttuala, Bartek Wilczynski, Minna U Kaikkonen
Endothelial cells (ECs) differentiate from mesodermal progenitors during vasculogenesis. By comparing changes in chromatin interactions between human umbilical vein ECs, embryonic stem cells and mesendoderm cells, we identified regions exhibiting EC-specific compartmentalization and changes in the degree of connectivity within topologically associated domains (TADs). These regions were characterized by EC-specific transcription, binding of lineage-determining transcription factors and cohesin. In addition, we identified 1200 EC-specific long-range interactions (LRIs) between TADs...
December 4, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211708/selective-silencing-of-euchromatic-l1s-revealed-by-genome-wide-screens-for-l1-regulators
#14
Nian Liu, Cameron H Lee, Tomek Swigut, Edward Grow, Bo Gu, Michael Bassik, Joanna Wysocka
Transposable elements (TEs) are now recognized not only as parasitic DNA, whose spread in the genome must be controlled by the host, but also as major players in genome evolution and regulation1-6. Long INterspersed Element-1 (LINE-1 or L1), the only currently autonomous mobile transposon in humans, occupies 17% of the genome and continues to generate inter- and intra-individual genetic variation, in some cases resulting in disease1-7. Nonetheless, how L1 activity is controlled and what function L1s play in host gene regulation remain incompletely understood...
December 6, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205617/epigenetic-states-of-donor-cells-significantly-affect-the-development-of-somatic-cell-nuclear-transfer-scnt-embryos-in-pigs
#15
Yanhui Zhai, Wei Li, Zhiren Zhang, Yunqing Cao, Zhengzhu Wang, Sheng Zhang, Ziyi Li
The type and pattern of epigenetic modification in donor cells can significantly affect the developmental competency of somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) embryos. Here, we investigated the developmental capacity, gene expression, and epigenetic modifications of SCNT embryos derived from porcine bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and fetal fibroblasts (FFs) donor cells compared to embryos obtained from in vitro fertilization (IVF). Compared to FFs, the donor BMSCs had more active epigenetic markers (Histone H3 modifications: H3K9Ac, H3K4me3, and H3K4me2) and fewer repressive epigenetic markers (H3K9me3, H3K9me2, and DNA methyltransferase 1)...
December 4, 2017: Molecular Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203199/overexpression-of-oct4-induced-by-modulation-of-histone-marks-plays-crucial-role-in-breast-cancer-progression
#16
Swayamsiddha Kar, Samir Kumar Patra
OCT4 is known as the gatekeeper of pluripotent embryonic state as it is responsible for maintenance of pluripotency via self-renewal of embryonic stem cells and acquisition of induced pluripotency via somatic cell reprogramming. OCT4 is responsible for oncogenic transformation by disrupting pre-scheduled differentiation programs and in general, favoring evolution of cancer cells into a more aggressive cancer stem cell phenotype. In this study, we have investigated in details, the epigenetic regulatory mechanisms responsible for over-expression and subsequent aberrant function of OCT4 in breast cancer...
February 15, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198826/trim28-and-interacting-krab-znfs-control-self-renewal-of-human-pluripotent-stem-cells-through-epigenetic-repression-of-pro-differentiation-genes
#17
Urszula Oleksiewicz, Marta Gładych, Ayush T Raman, Holger Heyn, Elisabetta Mereu, Paula Chlebanowska, Anastazja Andrzejewska, Barbara Sozańska, Neha Samant, Katarzyna Fąk, Paulina Auguścik, Marcin Kosiński, Joanna P Wróblewska, Katarzyna Tomczak, Katarzyna Kulcenty, Rafał Płoski, Przemysław Biecek, Manel Esteller, Parantu K Shah, Kunal Rai, Maciej Wiznerowicz
Reprogramming to induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) and differentiation of pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) are regulated by epigenetic machinery. Tripartite motif protein 28 (TRIM28), a universal mediator of Krüppel-associated box domain zinc fingers (KRAB-ZNFs), is known to regulate both processes; however, the exact mechanism and identity of participating KRAB-ZNF genes remain unknown. Here, using a reporter system, we show that TRIM28/KRAB-ZNFs alter DNA methylation patterns in addition to H3K9me3 to cause stable gene repression during reprogramming...
November 28, 2017: Stem Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180668/regulation-of-human-and-mouse-telomerase-genes-by-genomic-contexts-and-transcription-factors-during-embryonic-stem-cell-differentiation
#18
De Cheng, Shuwen Wang, Wenwen Jia, Yuanjun Zhao, Fan Zhang, Jiuhong Kang, Jiyue Zhu
Differential regulation of telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) genes contribute to distinct aging and tumorigenic processes in humans and mice. To study TERT regulation, we generated mouse embryonic stem cell (ESC) lines containing single-copy bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) reporters, covering hTERT and mTERT genes and their neighboring loci, via recombinase-mediated BAC targeting. ESC lines with chimeric BACs, in which two TERT promoters were swapped, were also generated. Using these chromatinized BACs, we showed that hTERT silencing during differentiation to embryoid bodies (EBs) and to fibroblast-like cells was driven by the human-specific genomic context and accompanied by increases of repressive epigenetic marks, H3K9me3 and H3K27me3, near its promoter...
November 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177481/cdyl1-fosters-double-strand-break-induced-transcription-silencing-and-promotes-homology-directed-repair
#19
Enas R Abu-Zhayia, Samah W Awwad, Bella Ben-Oz, Hanan Khoury-Haddad, Nabieh Ayoub
Cells have evolved DNA damage response (DDR) to repair DNA lesions and thus preserving genomic stability and impeding carcinogenesis. DNA damage induction is accompanied by transient transcription repression. Here, we describe a previously unrecognized role of chromodomain Y-like (CDYL1) protein in fortifying double-strand break (DSB)-induced transcription repression and repair. We showed that CDYL1 is rapidly recruited to damaged euchromatic regions in a poly [ADP-ribose] polymerase 1 (PARP1)-dependent, but ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM)-independent, manner...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Molecular Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118980/sirt1-dependent-modulation-of-methylation-and-acetylation-of-histone-h3-on-lysine-9-h3k9-in-the-zygotic-pronuclei-improves-porcine-embryo-development
#20
Katerina Adamkova, Young-Joo Yi, Jaroslav Petr, Tereza Zalmanova, Kristyna Hoskova, Pavla Jelinkova, Jiri Moravec, Milena Kralickova, Miriam Sutovsky, Peter Sutovsky, Jan Nevoral
Background: The histone code is an established epigenetic regulator of early embryonic development in mammals. The lysine residue K9 of histone H3 (H3K9) is a prime target of SIRT1, a member of NAD(+)-dependent histone deacetylase family of enzymes targeting both histone and non-histone substrates. At present, little is known about SIRT1-modulation of H3K9 in zygotic pronuclei and its association with the success of preimplantation embryo development. Therefore, we evaluated the effect of SIRT1 activity on H3K9 methylation and acetylation in porcine zygotes and the significance of H3K9 modifications for early embryonic development...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
keyword
keyword
66011
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"