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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117470/one-hundred-thousand-us-dollars-to-battle-scientific-logorrhea
#1
EDITORIAL
P B Persson
This editorial may have remained unwritten, in the face of a lifetime word cap for scientists, which is regaining interest. (Give researchers a lifetime word limit, Brian C. Martinson, Nature).Providing us with a lifespan contingent of words for our scientific writing immediately solves many present-day glitches. No more minimal-publishing-units and redundant material will flood journals or aggravate reviewers. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
November 8, 2017: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062542/understanding-plain-english-summaries-a-comparison-of-two-approaches-to-improve-the-quality-of-plain-english-summaries-in-research-reports
#2
Emma Kirkpatrick, Wendy Gaisford, Elaine Williams, Elizabeth Brindley, Doreen Tembo, David Wright
PLAIN ENGLISH SUMMARY: There is a need for the authors of research reports to be able to communicate their work clearly and effectively to readers who are not familiar with the research area. The National Institute for Health Research (NIHR), along with a number of other funding bodies and journals, require researchers to write short lay summaries, often termed plain English summaries (PESs), to make research accessible to the general public. Because many researchers write using technical, specialised language, particularly in scientific reports, writing PESs can be challenging...
2017: Res Involv Engagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058586/self-reported-needs-for-improving-the-supervision-competence-of-phd-supervisors-from-the-medical-sciences-in-denmark
#3
Rie Raffing, Thor Bern Jensen, Hanne Tønnesen
BACKGROUND: Quality of supervision is a major predictor for successful PhD projects. A survey showed that almost all PhD students in the Health Sciences in Denmark indicated that good supervision was important for the completion of their PhD study. Interestingly, approximately half of the students who withdrew from their program had experienced insufficient supervision. This led the Research Education Committee at the University of Copenhagen to recommend that supervisors further develop their supervision competence...
October 23, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055093/our-best-2015-2017
#4
EDITORIAL
P B Persson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 21, 2017: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038693/bio-psycho-social-factors-affecting-sexual-self-concept-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Robabeh Potki, Tayebe Ziaei, Mahbobeh Faramarzi, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Zohreh Shahhosseini
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, it is believed that mental and emotional aspects of sexual well-being are the important aspects of sexual health. Sexual self-concept is a major component of sexual health and the core of sexuality. It is defined as the cognitive perspective concerning the sexual aspects of 'self' and refers to the individual's self-perception as a sexual creature. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the different factors affecting sexual self-concept...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019298/a-learned-artisan-debates-the-system-of-the-world-le-clerc-versus-mallemant-de-messange
#6
Oded Rabinovitch
Sébastien Le Clerc (1637-1714) was the most renowned engraver of Louis XIV's France. For the history of scientific publishing, however, Le Clerc represents a telling paradox. Even though he followed a traditional route based on classic artisanal training, he also published extensively on scientific topics such as cosmology and mathematics. While contemporary scholarship usually stresses the importance of artisanal writing as a direct expression of artisanal experience and know-how, Le Clerc's publications, and specifically the work on cosmology in his Système du monde (1706-1708), go far beyond this...
October 11, 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988801/a-padawan-programmer-s-guide-to-developing-software-libraries
#7
James T Yurkovich, Benjamin J Yurkovich, Andreas Dräger, Bernhard O Palsson, Zachary A King
With the rapid adoption of computational tools in the life sciences, scientists are taking on the challenge of developing their own software libraries and releasing them for public use. This trend is being accelerated by popular technologies and platforms, such as GitHub, Jupyter, R/Shiny, that make it easier to develop scientific software and by open-source licenses that make it easier to release software. But how do you build a software library that people will use? And what characteristics do the best libraries have that make them enduringly popular? Here, we provide a reference guide, based on our own experiences, for developing software libraries along with real-world examples to help provide context for scientists who are learning about these concepts for the first time...
October 4, 2017: Cell Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977190/ten-steps-for-writing-a-successful-scientific-article
#8
Maurício Gomes Pereira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944732/patient-centered-drug-approval-the-role-of-patient-advocacy-in-the-drug-approval-process
#9
T Joseph Mattingly, Linda Simoni-Wastila
Recent approval of eteplirsen for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), a rare disease with few treatment alternatives, has reignited the debate over the U.S. drug approval process. The evolution of legal and regulatory restrictions to the marketing and sale of pharmaceuticals has spanned more than a century, and throughout this history, patient advocacy has played a significant role. Scientific evidence from clinical trials serves as the foundation for drug approval, but the patient voice has become increasingly influential...
October 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922817/children-class-and-the-search-for-security-writing-the-future-in-1930s-britain
#10
Hester Barron, Claire Langhamer
This article is based on 269 essays written in 1937 by Middlesbrough schoolboys aged 12-16 years on the topic 'When I leave school', which were collected by the social research organization Mass Observation. The essays provide a counterpoint to social scientific surveys of ordinary people and allow us to work with the boys' own understandings of the world they inhabited. They offer an alternative lens on a period which, at least in relation to the industrial areas of Britain, is often characterized by poverty and unemployment...
September 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913380/questionable-word-choice-in-scientific-writing-in-orthopedic-surgery
#11
Casey M O'Connor, Mariano E Menendez, Kevin Hughes, David Ring
BACKGROUND: Given the strong influence of thoughts, emotions, and behaviors on musculoskeletal symptoms and limitations it's important that both scientific and lay writing use the most positive, hopeful, and adaptive words and concepts consistent with medical evidence. The use of words that might reinforce misconceptions about preference-sensitive conditions (particularly those associated with age) could increase symptoms and limitations and might also distract patients from the treatment preferences they would select when informed and at ease...
July 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905309/blame-a-novel-by-tony-holtzman
#12
Martina C Cornel
After writing many scientific articles at the interface of genetics and society, Neil A (Tony) Holtzman published a novel in Autumn 2016: Blame. This book review summarizes several of the story lines, some of which are related to the Inclusion of Diverse Populations in Genomics Research and Health Services, the topic of a special issue of the Journal of Community Genetics.
October 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858410/intentionally-flawed-manuscripts-as-means-for-teaching-students-to-critically-evaluate-scientific-papers
#13
Jaroslav Ferenc, Filip Červenák, Erik Birčák, Katarína Juríková, Ivana Goffová, Peter Gorilák, Barbora Huraiová, Jana Plavá, Loriana Demecsová, Nikola Ďuríková, Veronika Galisová, Matej Gazdarica, Marek Puškár, Tibor Nagy, Soňa Nagyová, Lucia Mentelová, Miroslava Slaninová, Andrea Ševčovicová, Ľubomír Tomáška
As future scientists, university students need to learn how to avoid making errors in their own manuscripts, as well as how to identify flaws in papers published by their peers. Here we describe a novel approach on how to promote students' ability to critically evaluate scientific articles. The exercise is based on instructing teams of students to write intentionally flawed manuscripts describing the results of simple experiments. The teams are supervised by instructors advising the students during manuscript writing, choosing the 'appropriate' errors, monitoring the identification of errors made by the other team and evaluating the strength of their arguments in support of the identified errors...
August 31, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748064/publication-practices-and-responsible-authorship-a-review-article
#14
REVIEW
Elvis E Tarkang, Margaret Kweku, Francis B Zotor
Dissemination of research findings through the publication of one's work or a group of contributors is an important part of the research process, as this allows the passing on of benefits to a much wider community. In whatever evocative form this dissemination may take, the onus lies on the author(s) to ensure adherence to the code of ethics as it pertains to the integrity of the information being put out. We publish because we want our findings to be adapted into practice and application, or in some cases may be relevant to policy makers in decision-making...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707554/a-battle-of-words-dignity-and-peace-in-the-writings-of-elisabeth-k%C3%A3-bler-ross
#15
Daniel Burnier
This article analyzes the writings of Elisabeth Kübler-Ross through the discursive lens of the phrase "dying with dignity." For her, the phrase meant allowing someone to die comfortably his/her own death. This phrase has to be understood in relationship with the final "stage of acceptance" of her model. Describing this key part of her well-known scientific output, she often used, in the early 1970s, the phrase "dying in peace and dignity." An evaluation of the evidence suggests that because the concept of dignity was co-opted by the pro-euthanasia movement during this decade, the language of dignity was little by little abandoned by her...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676012/statins-and-the-brain-more-than-lipid-lowering-agents
#16
Anna Fracassi, Martina Marangoni, Pamela Rosso, Valentina Pallottini, Marco Fioramonti, Silvia Siteni, Marco Segatto
BACKGROUND: Statins represent a class of medications widely prescribed to efficiently treat dyslipidemia. These drugs inhibit 3-βhydroxy 3β-methylglutaryl Coenzyme A reductase (HMGR), the rate-limiting enzyme of mevalonate (MVA) pathway. Besides cholesterol, MVA pathway leads to the production of several other compounds, which are essential in the regulation of a plethora of biological activities, including in the central nervous system. For these reasons, statins are able to induce pleiotropic actions, and acquired increased interest as potential and novel modulators in brain processes, especially during pathological conditions...
July 3, 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673188/being-beyond-the-black-legend-and-how-we-got-over-it
#17
John Slater, Maríaluz López-Terrada
We used to think it was the job of a historian of Spanish science to combat the negative evaluations of Hispanic cultures that came to be known as the Black Legend. Paradoxically, attempts to amend dominant narratives of the history of science (such as the Scientific Revolution) so that they might accommodate Spain bolstered the very stories we meant to dismantle. Caring about the Black Legend deformed the history we were trying to write and never convinced the people we hoped to sway. In this article, we provide an overview of the historiographic tendencies that most shaped our careers - responses to the Black Legend, such as contributionist history and bibliometrics - and explain why we have chosen to move on...
June 2017: History of Science; An Annual Review of Literature, Research and Teaching
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669276/-natural-and-unnatural-medical-deaths-and-coronial-law-a-uk-and-international-review-of-the-medical-literature-on-natural-and-unnatural-death-and-how-it-applies-to-medical-death-certification-and-reporting-deaths-to-coroners-natural-unnatural-death-a-scientific
#18
Andrew Harris
In the United Kingdom, when people die, either a doctor writes an acceptable natural cause of death medical certificate, or a coroner (fiscal in Scotland) investigates the case, usually with an autopsy. An inquest may or may not follow. The concept of 'natural or unnatural cause' death is not internationally standardized. This article reviews scientific evidence as to what is a natural death or unnatural death and how that relates to the international classification of deaths. Whilst there is some consensus on the definition, its application in considering whether to report to the coroner is more difficult...
January 1, 2017: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665055/plagiarism-in-the-context-of-education-and-evolving-detection-strategies
#19
REVIEW
Armen Yuri Gasparyan, Bekaidar Nurmashev, Bakhytzhan Seksenbayev, Vladimir I Trukhachev, Elena I Kostyukova, George D Kitas
Plagiarism may take place in any scientific journals despite currently employed anti-plagiarism tools. The absence of widely acceptable definitions of research misconduct and reliance solely on similarity checks do not allow journal editors to prevent most complex cases of recycling of scientific information and wasteful, or 'predatory,' publishing. This article analyses Scopus-based publication activity and evidence on poor writing, lack of related training, emerging anti-plagiarism strategies, and new forms of massive wasting of resources by publishing largely recycled items, which evade the 'red flags' of similarity checks...
August 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592380/good-practices-of-publishing-ayush-research-a-practical-checklist-for-authors
#20
Kishor Patwardhan, Girish Tillu, Priyanka M Jadhav
Since its inception, Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine (J-AIM) has been constantly striving to create an environment that inculcates and strengthens "Good Publication Practices (GPP)" amongst students, practitioners and researchers in AYUSH community. The J-AIM has been doing this in the form of conducting workshops on scientific writing and research methods on different platforms. This article is based on our experiences and varied discussions that we have had with students, teachers, practitioners and researchers during these interactive sessions, and is intended at addressing the gap that prevails in the domain...
April 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
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