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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938724/reducing-salt-intake
#1
Michel Burnier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938723/salt-intake-and-cardiovascular-disease
#2
Jagat Narula, Giuseppe Mancia, Martin McKee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938457/the-association-of-estrogen-receptor-%C3%AE-gene-variation-with-salt-sensitive-blood-pressure
#3
Worapaka Manosroi, Jia Wei Tan, Chevon M Rariy, Bei Sun, Mark O Goodarzi, Aditi R Saxena, Jonathan S Williams, Luminita H Pojoga, Jessica Lasky-Su, Jinrui Cui, Xiuqing Guo, Kent D Taylor, Yii-Der I Chen, Anny H Xiang, Willa A Hsueh, Leslie J Raffel, Thomas A Buchanan, Jerome I Rotter, Gordon H Williams, Ellen W Seely
Context: Hypertension in young women is uncommon compared to young men and older women. Estrogen appears to protect most women against hypertension with incidence increasing after menopause. Since some premenopausal women develop hypertension, estrogen may play a different role in these women. Genetic variations in the estrogen receptor (ER) are associated with cardiovascular disease. ER-β, encoded by ESR2, is the ER predominantly expressed in vascular smooth muscle. Objective: To determine an association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in ESR2 with salt-sensitivity of blood pressure (SSBP) and estrogen status in women...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938454/11%C3%AE-hsd2-sumoylation-modulates-cortisol-induced-mineralocorticoid-receptor-nuclear-translocation-independently-of-effects-on-transactivation
#4
Rubén Jiménez-Canino, Fabián Lorenzo-Díaz, Alex Odermatt, Matthew A Bailey, Dawn E W Livingstone, Frederic Jaisser, Nicolette Farman, Diego Alvarez de la Rosa
The enzyme 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 (11β-HSD2) has an essential role in aldosterone target tissues, conferring aldosterone selectivity for the mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) by converting 11β-hydroxyglucocorticoids to inactive 11-ketosteroids. Congenital deficiency of 11β-HSD2 causes a form of salt-sensitive hypertension known as the syndrome of apparent mineralocorticoid excess. The disease phenotype, which ranges from mild to severe, correlates well with reduction in enzyme activity. Furthermore, polymorphisms in the 11β-HSD2 coding gene (HSD11B2) have been linked to high blood pressure and salt-sensitivity, major cardiovascular risk factors...
September 15, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938177/the-osmotin-of-calotropis-procera-latex-is-not-expressed-in-laticifer-free-cultivated-callus-and-under-salt-stress
#5
Isabel C C Souza, Márcio V Ramos, José H Costa, Cleverson D T Freitas, Raquel S B Oliveira, Frederico B Moreno, Renato A Moreira, Cristina P S Carvalho
The latex of Calotropis procera has previously been reported to contain osmotin. This protein (CpOsm) inhibited phytopathogens and this was mechanistically characterized. Here, the time-course profile of CpOsm transcripts was examined in the salt-stressed cultivated callus of C. procera in order to better understand its role in the physiology of the plant. Stressed callus (80 mM NaCl) showed an unbalanced content of organic compounds (proline and total soluble sugar) and inorganic ions (Na(+), Cl(-), and K(+))...
September 14, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938176/genotypic-differences-in-physiological-and-biochemical-responses-to-salinity-stress-in-melon-cucumis-melo-l-plants-prospects-for-selection-of-salt-tolerant-landraces
#6
Behrooz Sarabi, Sahebali Bolandnazar, Nasser Ghaderi, Jaleh Ghashghaie
Melon (Cucumis melo L.) is one of the most important horticultural crops in Iran often cultivated in arid and semiarid regions of the country with salinity problems. The objective of this work was to better understand the mechanisms of physiological and biochemical responses to salinity stress of five Iranian melon landraces "Samsuri", "Kashan", "Khatouni", "Suski-e-Sabz", and "Ghobadlu" from different geographical origins, and "Galia" F1 cultivar. Plants were grown under greenhouse conditions and irrigated with half-strength Hoagland solution containing 0, 30, 60, or 90 mM NaCl for 60 days...
September 13, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937878/degradation-of-chlorpyrifos-by-an-endophytic-bacterium-of-the-sphingomonas-genus-strain-hjy-isolated-from-chinese-chives-allium-tuberosum
#7
Fayun Feng, Yisong Li, Jing Ge, Jinjin Chen, Wayne Jiang, Shuang He, Xianjing Liu, Xiangyang Yu
The degradation of chlorpyrifos (CP) by an endophytic bacterial strain (HJY) isolated from Chinese chives (Allium tuberosum Rottl. ex Spreng) was investigated. Strain HJY was identified as Sphingomonas sp. based on morphological, physiological, and biochemical tests and a 16S rDNA sequence analysis. Approximately 96% of 20 mg L(-1) CP was degraded by strain HJY over 15 days in liquid minimal salts medium (MSM). The CP degradation rate could also be increased by glucose supplementation. The optimal conditions for the removal of 20 mg L(-1) CP by strain HJY in MSM were 2% inoculum density, pH 6...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937854/probiotics-from-isolation-to-application
#8
Parisa Shokryazdan, Mohammad Faseleh Jahromi, Juan Boo Liang, Yin Wan Ho
Probiotics have become highly recognized as supplements for humans and animals because of their beneficial effects on health and well-being. The present review aims to provide an overview of different steps through which microbial strains become applicable probiotics in food and/or feed industries. Isolation of potential probiotic strains is the first step. Lactic acid bacteria are the most frequently used microorganisms as probiotics, which can be isolated from human, animal, plant, and environment. The next steps are identification of the isolates and characterization of them based on the main selection criteria for any potential probiotic microorganism, including resistance to gastric acidity and bile salt, adherence to mucus and/or intestinal epithelial cells and cell lines, and antimicrobial and antagonism activity against potentially pathogenic microbes...
September 22, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937770/correction-to-sulfonyl-imidazolium-salts-as-reagents-for-the-rapid-and-efficient-synthesis-of-nucleoside-polyphosphates-and-their-conjugates
#9
Samy Mohamady, Ahmed Desoky, Scott D Taylor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 22, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937654/genome-wide-analysis-of-cca1-like-proteins-in-soybean-and-functional-characterization-of-gmmyb138a
#10
Shaomin Bian, Donghao Jin, Ruihua Li, Xin Xie, Guoli Gao, Weikang Sun, Yuejia Li, Lulu Zhai, Xuyan Li
Plant CIRCADIAN CLOCK ASSOCIATED1 (CCA1)-like proteins are a class of single-repeat MYELOBLASTOSIS ONCOGENE (MYB) transcription factors generally featured by a highly conserved motif SHAQK(Y/F)F, which play important roles in multiple biological processes. Soybean is an important grain legume for seed protein and edible vegetable oil. However, essential understandings regarding CCA1-like proteins are very limited in soybean. In this study, 54 CCA1-like proteins were identified by data mining of soybean genome...
September 22, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937217/visible-light-mediated-aerobic-oxidation-of-n-alkylpyridinium-salts-under-organic-photocatalysis
#11
Yunhe Jin, Lunyu Ou, Haijun Yang, Hua Fu
Quinolones and isoquinolones exhibit diverse biological and pharmaceutical activities, and their synthesis is highly desirable under mild conditions. Here, a highly efficient and environmentally friendly visible light-mediated aerobic oxidation of readily available N-alkylpyridinium salts has been developed with Eosin Y as the organic photocatalyst and air as the terminal oxidant, and the reaction provided quinolones and isoquinolones in good yields. The method shows numerous advantages including mild and environmentally friendly conditions, high efficiency, tolerance of wide functional groups and low cost...
September 22, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937167/an-unsaturated-metal-site-promoted-approach-to-construct-strongly-coupled-noble-metal-hnb3o8-nanosheets-for-efficient-thermo-photo-catalytic-reduction
#12
Lijuan Shen, Yuzhou Xia, Sen Lin, Shijing Liang, Ling Wu
Creating two-dimensional (2D) crystal-metal heterostructures with an ultrathin thickness has spurred increasing research endeavors in catalysis because of its fascinating opportunities in tuning the electronic state at the surface and enhancing the chemical reactivity. Here we report a novel and facile Nb(4+)-assisted strategy for the in situ growth of highly dispersed Pd nanoparticles (NPs) on monolayer HNb3O8 nanosheets (HNb3O8 NS) constituting a 2D Pd/HNb3O8 NS heterostructure composite without using extra reducing agents and stabilizing agents...
September 22, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936537/platinum-tripods-as-nanometric-frequency-multiplexing-devices
#13
Bruno Cury Camargo, Benjamin Lassagne, Raul Arenal, Christophe Gatel, Thomas Blon, Guillaume Viau, Lise-Marie Lacroix, Walter Escoffier
Electrical and structural characterization studies of nano-particles are very important steps to determine their potential applications in microelectronics. In this paper, we address the crystallographic and electric transport properties of soft-chemistry-grown nanometric Pt tribranches. We report that Pt nanostars grown from the reduction of H2PtCl6 salt in pure oleylamine present a remarkable crystalline structure and deeply metallic character despite being grown under mild conditions. We demonstrate that such devices are able to operate at current densities surpassing 200 MA cm(-2), actuating as highly compact frequency multiplexers in the non-ohmic regime...
September 22, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936531/knudsen-cell-studies-of-the-uptake-of-gaseous-ammonia-and-amines-onto-c3-c7-solid-dicarboxylic-acids
#14
Michelle C Fairhurst, Michael J Ezell, Barbara J Finlayson-Pitts
While atmospheric particles affect health, visibility and climate, the details governing their formation and growth are poorly understood on a molecular level. A simple model system for understanding the interactions between the gas and particle phases is the reaction of bases with acids, both of which are common constituents of atmospheric particles. In the present study, uptake coefficients for the reactions of gas phase ammonia, methylamine, ethylamine, dimethylamine and trimethylamine with a series of solid dicarboxylic acids (diacids) were measured at 296 ± 1 K using a Knudsen cell interfaced to a quadrupole mass spectrometer...
September 22, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936517/synthesis-of-%C3%AE-keto-sulfones-by-copper-catalyzed-oxidative-sulfonylation-of-tertiary-cyclopropanols
#15
Yulia A Konik, Gábor Zoltán Elek, Sandra Kaabel, Ivar Järving, Margus Lopp, Dzmitry G Kananovich
Tertiary cyclopropanols undergo ring-opening oxidative sulfonylation to afford γ-keto sulfones when reacting with sulfinate salts in the presence of a copper(ii) acetate catalyst and an oxidant (tert-butyl hydroperoxide or atmospheric oxygen). Various fluoroalkyl, aryl and alkyl sulfinate salts are successfully employed as sulfonylation reagents, affording the corresponding sulfones in up to 94% yields. The experimental protocol is mild and tolerates a number of functionalities in the cyclopropanol substrate...
September 22, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936278/modulating-the-catalytic-activity-of-cerium-oxide-nanoparticles-with-the-anion-of-the-precursor-salt
#16
Swetha Barkam, Julian Ortiz, Shashank Saraf, Nicholas Eliason, Rameech Mccormack, Soumen Das, Ankur Gupta, Craig Neal, Alex Petrovici, Cameron Hanson, Michael D Sevilla, Amitava Adhikary, Sudipta Seal
In this work, we tested our hypothesis that surface chemistry and antioxidant properties of cerium nanoparticles (CNPs) are affected by presence of counterions. We first employed various precursor cerium (III) (Ce(III)) salts with different counterions (acetate, nitrate, chloride, sulfate) to synthesize CNPs following the same wet chemical methodology. Electron spin resonance (ESR) studies provided evidence for the formation of radicals from counterions (e.g., NO3•(2-) from reduction of NO3(-) in CNPs synthesized from Ce(III) nitrate)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. C, Nanomaterials and Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936217/evaluation-of-fertilizer-potential-of-different-k-compounds-prepared-utilizing-sea-bittern-as-feed-stock
#17
Khanjan Trivedi, Denish Kubavat, Krishna K Ghara, Ranjeet Kumar, Hardik Trivedi, K G Vijay Anand, Pratyush Maiti, Arup Ghosh
Aim: Many countries import potassic fertilizers due to dearth of K-mineral deposits. Therefore processes to obtain K-nutrient sources from sea bittern were developed by our Institute. The present investigation evaluated the fertilizer potential of three different sea bittern-derived (SBD) potassium forms developed viz., potassium schoenite, potassium nitrate and potassium ammonium sulfate on maize productivity in two cropping seasons. Methods: The pot and field experiments consisted of four treatments, wherein the three K forms were applied at the recommended rate of 40 kg K2O ha(-1) and were compared with commercially used sulfate of potash...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936200/the-fungus-aspergillus-aculeatus-enhances-salt-stress-tolerance-metabolite-accumulation-and-improves-forage-quality-in-perennial-ryegrass
#18
Xiaoning Li, Shijuan Han, Guangyang Wang, Xiaoying Liu, Erick Amombo, Yan Xie, Jinmin Fu
Perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) is an important forage grass with high yield and superior quality in temperate regions which is widely used in parks, sport field, and other places. However, perennial ryegrass is moderately tolerant to salinity stress compared to other commercial cultivars and salt stress reduces their growth and productivity. Aspergillus aculeatus has been documented to participate in alleviating damage induced by salinity. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the mechanisms underlying A...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935951/overexpression-of-annexin-gene-annsp2-enhances-drought-and-salt-tolerance-through-modulation-of-aba-synthesis-and-scavenging-ros-in-tomato
#19
Raina Ijaz, Javeria Ejaz, Shenghua Gao, Tengfei Liu, Muhammad Imtiaz, Zhibiao Ye, Taotao Wang
Drought and high salinity are two major abiotic stresses that significantly affect agricultural crop productivity worldwide. Annexins are a multigene family that plays an essential role in plant stress responses and various cellular processes. Here, the AnnSp2 gene was cloned from drought-resistant wild tomato (Solanum pennellii) and functionally characterized in cultivated tomato. AnnSp2 protein was localized in the nucleus and had higher expression in leave, flower and fruit. It was induced by several phytohormones and some abiotic stresses...
September 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934854/hydrogen-liberation-from-gaseous-2-bora-1-3-diazacycloalkanium-cations
#20
Jay-Ar Bendo, Jonathan Martens, Giel Berden, Jos Oomens, Thomas Hellman Morton
Evidence is presented for cyclization to yield 2-bora-1,3-diazacycloalkanium cations in the gas phase. While the neutral compounds in solution and solid phase are known to possess an acyclic structure (as revealed by X-ray diffraction), the gaseous cations (from which borohydride BH4- ion has been expelled) have a cyclic structure, as revealed by InfraRed Multiple Photon Dissociation (IRMPD) spectroscopy and collisionally activated decomposition (CAD). The IRMPD decomposition of the monocyclic ions proceeds principally via H2 expulsion, although CAD experiments show additional pathways...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
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