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Samir Y Abbas, Wahid M Basyouni, Khairy A M El-Bayouk, Wael M Tohamy, Hanan F Aly, Azza Arafa, Mahmoud S Soliman
New 1-substituted-biguanide hydrochloride salts were synthesized via reacting benzo[1,3-d]dioxol-5-amine, phenylhydrazine, N,N-dimethylhydrazinecarboxamide, benzohydrazide and 2-phenyl acetohydrazide with dicyandiamide in acidic medium. Structures of the obtained biguanide salts were characterized by spectroscopic tools. The synthesized compounds were screened for their anti-diabetic activity with standard metformin drug. Oral treatment of hyperglycemic rats with the synthesized biguanide derivatives significantly decreased the elevated blood glucose level...
June 26, 2017: Drug Research
Jared Church, Jae-Hoon Hwang, Keug-Tae Kim, Rebecca McLean, You-Kwan Oh, Bora Nam, Jin Chul Joo, Woo Hyoung Lee
Microalgae can offer several benefits for wastewater treatment with their ability to produce large amounts of lipids for biofuel production and the high economic value of harvested biomass for biogas and fertilizer. This study found that salt concentration (∼45gL(-1)) had more of an effect than salt type on metabolisms of Chlorella vulgaris for wastewater treatment and biofuel production. Salinity stress decreased the algal growth rate in wastewater by 0.003day(-1)permScm(-1) and slightly reduced nutrient removal rates...
June 17, 2017: Bioresource Technology
Ivgeni Shterenberg, Michael Salama, Yosef Gofer, Doron Aurbach
The selection of viable conventional magnesium salts in electrolyte solutions for Mg secondary batteries is very limited. Reversible magnesium deposition was only demonstrated with MgTFSI2, in ethereal solutions. A recent report has suggested that Mg can be reversibly deposited from a solution of Mg(PF6)2 in THF and acetonitrile. In this paper, we dispute that claim and show that PF6(-) anions passivate Mg anodes and completely inhibit any Mg deposition/dissolution process. We show that addition of chlorides suppresses the passivation phenomena and allows for reversible Mg deposition/dissolution processes to commence...
June 26, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Theodore W Kurtz, Stephen E DiCarlo, Michal Pravenec, R Curtis Morris
: Recently, the American Heart Association (AHA) published a scientific statement on salt sensitivity of blood pressure which emphasized a decades old conceptual framework for the pathogenesis of this common disorder. Here we examine the extent to which the conceptual framework for salt sensitivity emphasized in the AHA Statement accommodates contemporary findings and views of the broader scientific community on the pathogenesis of salt sensitivity. In addition, we highlight alternative conceptual frameworks and important contemporary theories of salt sensitivity that are little discussed in the AHA Statement...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
Charles W Schmidt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
Yu-Hong Hu, Jian-Cheng Wang, Song Yang, Yan-An Li, Yu-Bin Dong
A CuI-loaded and n-pentadecyl-attached imidazolium salt decorated UiO-67-type metal-organic framework (CuI@UiO-67-IM, 2) based on a new premodified ligand L (n-pentadecyl-attached imidazolium (IM) decorated dicarboxylic acid) and ZrCl4 is reported. Compound 2 can be a bifunctional composite heterogeneous phase-transfer catalyst to promote the azide-alkyne cycloaddition (H2O, air, 80 °C) from corresponding halogenated compounds and sodium azide as a sequential one-pot procedure with high yields and excellent regioselectivity...
June 26, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Yang Li, H Paul Wang, Chang-Yu Liao, Xinglei Zhao, Tung-Li Hsiung, Shou-Heng Liu, Shih-Ger Ted Chang
A novel two-aqueous-phase CO2 capture system, namely Dual Alkali Solvent (DAS) system, has been developed. Unlike traditional solvent-based CO2 capture systems in which the same solvent is used for both CO2 absorption and stripping, the solvent of the DAS system consists of two aqueous phases. The upper phase, which contains an organic alkali 1-(2-hydroxyethyl) piperazine (HEP), is used for CO2 absorption. The lower phase, which consists of a mixture of K2CO3/KHCO3 aqueous solution and KHCO3 precipitate, is used for CO2 stripping...
June 26, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
Kazuhiro Takanabe, Abdulaziz M Khan, Yu Tang, Luan Nguyen, Ahmed Ziani, Benjamin W Jacobs, Ayman M Elbaz, S Mani Sarathy, Franklin Feng Tao
Na-based catalysts (i.e., Na2WO4) were proposed to selectively catalyze OH radical formation from H2O and O2 at high temperatures. This reaction may proceed on molten salt state surfaces due to the lower melting point of the used Na salts compared to the reaction temperature. This study provides direct evidence of the molten salt state of Na2WO4, which can form OH radicals, using in situ techniques including X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM), laser induced fluorescence (LIF) spectrometer, and ambient-pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (AP-XPS)...
June 26, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Matthias Hilder, Matthieu Gras, Cameron R Pope, Mega Kar, Douglas R MacFarlane, Maria Forsyth, Luke A O'Dell
The physicochemical properties of the ionic liquid N-ethyl-2-(2-methoxyethoxy)-N,N-bis(2-(2-methoxyethoxy)ethyl)ethan-1-ammonium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide (N2(2O2O1)3TFSI) as well as its solutions with sodium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide (NaTFSI) and sodium bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide (NaFSI) are compared in order to study the effects of the anion. The NaFSI solutions show weaker interactions as suggested by lower glass transition temperatures, lower densities, lower viscosities and higher conductivities as compared to their more strongly coordinating NaTFSI analogues...
June 26, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Dan Zhao, Fa-Xue Ma, Yun-Chang Fan, Lei Zhang, Rui-Juan Zhang, Pei-Gao Duan
Two new lead rare-earth polyborates, PbTbB7O13 and PbEuB7O13, have been successfully synthesized via a high temperature molten salt method. Single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis reveals that they are isostructural and feature a 2D layer structure that contains alternating layers of [B7O13]∞ and [Tb]∞. The [B7O13]∞ layer is constructed of BO3 and BO4 groups with the fundamental building block of B7O17 (3Δ4□: <Δ2□>Δ<Δ2□>). Solid solutions of PbTb1-xEuxB7O13 (x = 0-1) were prepared via a solid state reaction and the photoluminescence properties were studied...
June 26, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Ali Karami, Abolfazl Golieskardi, Cheng Keong Choo, Vincent Larat, Tamara S Galloway, Babak Salamatinia
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/srep46173.
June 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
Michelle H Dunn, Nicholas Konstandaras, Marcus Lawford Cole, Jason Brian Harper
A range of more than 25 imidazolium salts, chosen for their differing steric and electronic features, were prepared and their pKa values were determined using the bracketing indicator method. Through systematically changing the structure of the imidazolium cation the effect of varying substituents at each position on the heterocyclic ring was determined; particularly, the transmission of electronic effects was quantified using Hammett parameters. This new data gives an indication of the strength of base required for deprotonation and the potential to correlate these data with the nucleophilicity of the corresponding carbenes...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Veronica F Busa, Maxwell J Rector, Rick Russell
DEAD-box proteins are nonprocessive RNA helicases that play diverse roles in cellular processes. The Neurospora crassa DEAD-box protein CYT-19 promotes mitochondrial group I intron splicing and functions as a general RNA chaperone. CYT-19 includes a disordered, arginine-rich 'C-tail' that binds RNA, positioning the helicase core to capture and unwind nearby RNA helices. Here we probed the C-tail further by varying the number and positions of arginines within it. We found that removing sets of as few as four of the eleven arginines reduced RNA unwinding activity (kcat/KM) equivalently to removing the C-tail, suggesting that a minimum or 'threshold' number of arginines is required...
June 26, 2017: Biochemistry
Abigail P Ferrieri, Ricardo A R Machado, Carla C M Arce, Danny Kessler, Ian T Baldwin, Matthias Erb
Nutrients are distributed unevenly in the soil. Phenotypic plasticity in root growth and proliferation may enable plants to cope with this variation and effectively forage for essential nutrients. However, how micronutrients shape root architecture of plants in their natural environments is poorly understood. We employed a combination of field and laboratory-based assays to determine the capacity of Nicotiana attenuata to direct root growth towards localized nutrient patches in its native environment. Plants growing in nature displayed a particular root phenotype consisting of a single primary root and a few long, shallow lateral roots...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Integrative Plant Biology
Clément Camp, Davide Toniolo, Julie Andrez, Jacques Pécaut, Marinella Mazzanti
The salt-elimination reaction of the complex [Na2U(bis-salophen)] with metal halides provides an entry to the synthesis of well-defined homobimetallic uranium-uranium and rare heterobimetallic uranium-cobalt and uranium-nickel complexes supported by a redox-active dinucleating ligand.
June 26, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Su Chen, Jun Ishii, Shunsuke Horiuchi, Masahiro Yoshizawa-Fujita, Ekaterina I Izgorodina
Recent thermal runaways in lithium-ion batteries have reinforced the focus on the research of safer electrolytes based on ionic liquids. A simple switch from organic solvents to ionic liquids has been proven difficult due to the decreased efficiency of batteries caused by decreased conductivity and increased viscosity of ionic liquids upon addition of lithium salts. The new trend in replacing lithium salts with a cheaper alternative, sodium salts, has resulted in rather poor solubility of sodium salts in commonly used ionic liquids...
June 26, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Ileana Andreea Ratiu, Tomasz Ligor, Victor Bocos-Bintintan, Hossam Al-Suod, Tomasz Kowalkowski, Katarzyna Rafińska, Boguslaw Buszewski
Escherichia coli (E. coli) is a gram-negative coliform bacterium that is commonly found in the lower intestine of warm-blooded organisms. Most of the strains are harmless, but some serotypes are pathogenic, meaning they can cause illness, either diarrhea or illness outside of the intestinal tract. The aim of this work was to assess which components are generated in case of E. coli target analysis needed. In this purpose our study intends to emphasize the importance of the cultivability and to prove the crucial role of growth media used in bacteria growing...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Breath Research
Daniel M Walden, Ashley A Jaworski, Ryne C Johnston, M Todd Hovey, Hannah V Baker, Matthew P Meyer, Karl A Scheidt, Paul Ha-Yeon Cheong
Since the first report of a facile, room temperature process to access aza-ortho-quinone methides (aoQMs) by Corey in 1999, this chemistry has remained dormant until our report of an enantioselective catalytic example in 2014. We report a theoretical & experimental study of the key to success behind these successful examples to enable broader exploitation of this useful intermediate. We have discovered that transformations involving the aoQM are remarkably facile with barriers <17 kcal/mol. The main difficulty of exploiting aoQM in synthesis is that they are unstable (∆G = ~30 kcal/mol), precluding their formation under mild conditions...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Tatsuyuki Kanamori, Yuko T Iwata, Hiroki Segawa, Tadashi Yamamuro, Kenji Kuwayama, Kenji Tsujikawa, Hiroyuki Inoue
The cis and trans isomers of 3-methylfentanyl and its three analogs were chemically synthesized, and these compounds were characterized and differentiated by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS), liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS), and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The cis and trans isomers of the 3-methylfentanyl analogs were completely separated by GC/MS. Although the high temperature of the GC injection port caused thermal degradation of β-hydroxy-3-methylfentanyl, the degradation was completely suppressed by trimethylsilyl derivatization...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
Alen Tosenberger, Didier Gonze, Sylvain Bessonnard, Michel Cohen-Tannoudji, Claire Chazaud, Geneviève Dupont
Embryonic development is a self-organised process during which cells divide, interact, change fate according to a complex gene regulatory network and organise themselves in a three-dimensional space. Here, we model this complex dynamic phenomenon in the context of the acquisition of epiblast and primitive endoderm identities within the inner cell mass of the preimplantation embryo in the mouse. The multiscale model describes cell division and interactions between cells, as well as biochemical reactions inside each individual cell and in the extracellular matrix...
2017: NPJ Systems Biology and Applications
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