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Secondary IOL

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430328/outcome-of-various-hydrophobic-acrylic-intraocular-lens-implantations-in-children-with-congenital-cataract
#1
Jaspreet Sukhija, Savleen Kaur, Jagat Ram, Sonam Yangzes, Siddharth Madan, Jitender Jinagal
PURPOSE: To evaluate performance of different intraocular lenses (IOLs) after cataract surgery in children aged less than 2 years with regards to rates of visual axis opacification (VAO). METHODS: This was a retrospective chart review of children <2 years of age undergoing cataract surgery with primary posterior capsulotomy, anterior vitrectomy, and IOL over a period of 5 years with minimum follow-up of 1 year at a tertiary care institute. Children with microphthalmos, persistent fetal vasculature, traumatic cataract, aphakia, secondary IOLs, or any other coexisting ocular disease were excluded...
April 13, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413868/goniosynechialysis-and-repositioning-of-intraocular-lens-in-a-case-of-secondary-angle-closure-glaucoma
#2
Masaru Fujita, Masafumi Ogata, Yasuyuki Suzuki, Tsunetomo Ichihashi, Miyuki Nagahara, Kenji Kawai
PURPOSE: Implanting intraocular lens (IOL) in proper direction is important in cataract surgery to reduce the possibility of undesirable complications. We experienced a case who underwent vitrectomy combined with cataract surgery and developed secondary angle closure glaucoma caused by IOL misdirection. Goniosynechialysis (GSL) and repositioning of IOL successfully ameliorated the high intraocular pressure (IOP). CASE REPORT: A 64-year-old male with massive vitreous hemorrhage underwent vitrectomy combined with cataract surgery...
April 20, 2017: Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410720/secondary-intraocular-lens-implantation-complication-rates-visual-acuity-and-refractive-outcomes
#3
Greg Brunin, Ahmar Sajjad, Eric J Kim, Ildamaris Montes de Oca, Mitchell P Weikert, Li Wang, Douglas D Koch, Zaina Al-Mohtaseb
PURPOSE: To compare complication rates, visual acuity, and refractive outcomes of secondary intraocular lens (IOLs) implantation. SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Cullen Eye Institute, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: All secondary IOLs placed by the anterior segment service were reviewed. Preoperative data, operative reports, and data from each subsequent postoperative visit were evaluated...
March 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400374/aqueous-outflow-facility-after-phacoemulsification-with-or-without-goniosynechialysis-in-primary-angle-closure-a-randomised-controlled-study
#4
Ian A Rodrigues, Pouya Alaghband, Laura Beltran Agullo, Elizabeth Galvis, Stephanie Jones, Rahat Husain, K Sheng Lim
BACKGROUND: Goniosynechialysis (GSL) to remove peripheral anterior synechiae (PAS) alongside standard cataract surgery has potential theoretical advantages, Published randomised trials, however, have not shown conclusive functional benefits and aqueous outflow changes following GSL are unknown. This study aimed to compare electronic Shiøtz tonographic aqueous outflow facility (TOF) following phacoemulsification with or without GSL in patients with primary angle closure (PAC) and PAC glaucoma...
October 17, 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366376/negative-dysphotopsia-causes-and-rationale-for-prevention-and-treatment
#5
Jack T Holladay, Michael J Simpson
PURPOSE: To determine the cause of negative dysphotopsia using standard ray-tracing techniques and identify the primary and secondary causative factors. SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA. DESIGN: Experimental study. METHODS: Zemax ray-tracing software was used to evaluate pseudophakic and phakic eye models to show the location of retinal field images from various visual field objects...
February 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341389/visual-outcomes-and-complications-of-cataract-surgery-with-primary-implantation-in-infants
#6
L Vera, N Lambert, J Sommet, R Boulkedid, C Alberti, E Bui Quoc
PURPOSE: To describe the visual results and postoperative complications of cataract surgery with primary intraocular lens (IOL) implantation performed in infants and to determine possible predictive factors related to poor visual outcome. METHODS: A retrospective consecutive case series of cataract surgeries with primary IOL implantation in infants was performed. Visual outcome and postoperative complications were recorded. A final visual acuity>0.5 logMAR was considered as a poor visual outcome...
March 21, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338231/caesarean-risk-in-obese-women-at-term-a%C3%A2-retrospective-cohort-analysis
#7
Rachael Nugent, Caroline de Costa, Venkat Vangaveti
BACKGROUND: Obesity in pregnancy is a growing health problem conferring higher risk to both the woman and her infant. Internationally, peak bodies offer little guidance regarding the method and timing of delivery in these patients. Our hypothesis is that induction of labour (IOL) at term will not increase the caesarean section (CS) rate when compared to expectant management. AIMS: To compare perinatal outcomes between IOL and expectant management in obese women at term...
March 24, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301497/long-term-outcomes-of-ciliary-sulcus-versus-capsular-bag-fixation-of-intraocular-lenses-in-children-an-ultrasound-biomicroscopy-study
#8
Yun-E Zhao, Xian-Hui Gong, Xue-Ning Zhu, He-Ming Li, Meng-Jun Tu, Terry G Coursey, Stephen C Pflugfelder, Feng Gu, Ding Chen
PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term outcomes of ciliary sulcus versus capsular bag fixation of intraocular lenses (IOLs) in children after pediatric cataract surgery. METHODS: IOL was implanted in the ciliary sulcus in 21 eyes of 14 children, and in the capsular bag in 19 eyes of 12 children for the treatment of pediatric cataract in an institutional setting. Ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) was performed. Main outcome measures included IOL decentration, IOL tilt, anterior chamber depth (ACD), angle-opening distance at 500 μm (AOD500), trabecular-iris angle (TIA), best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), intraocular pressure (IOP), and incidence of postoperative complications...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237147/corneal-endothelial-cell-loss-after-pars-plana-vitrectomy-and-combined-phacoemulsification-vitrectomy-surgeries
#9
Keyvan Koushan, Mikel Mikhail, Anne Beattie, Nina Ahuja, Allan Liszauer, Lawrence Kobetz, Forough Farrokhyar, James A Martin
OBJECTIVE: To compare postoperative corneal endothelial cell density (ECD) loss in eyes undergoing pars plana vitrectomy (PPV), or combination of cataract extraction (using phacoemulsification) and intraocular lens implantation with vitrectomy (CE/IOL-PPV) surgeries. METHODS: Institutional setting. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and ECD by specular microscopy were measured preoperatively and 3 months postoperatively in both groups. Relative postoperative ECD loss was the primary outcome measure...
February 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220849/the-long-term-anterior-segment-configuration-after-pediatric-cataract-surgery-and-the-association-with-secondary-glaucoma
#10
Ding Chen, Xian-Hui Gong, He Xie, Xue-Ning Zhu, Jin Li, Yun-E Zhao
Secondary glaucoma constitutes major sight-threatening complication of pediatric cataract surgery, yet the etiology remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the long-term anterior segment configuration and the association with secondary glaucoma in pediatric pseudophakia. Ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) was performed on 40 eyes of 26 children underwent pediatric cataract surgery and intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. The anterior chamber depth (ACD), angle-opening distance at 500 μm (AOD500), trabecular-iris angle (TIA), central corneal thickness (CCT), structural abnormities, IOL position, IOP, and incidence of glaucoma were evaluated...
February 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112126/the-posterior-iris-claw-lens-outcome-study-6-month-follow-up
#11
Nana Madhukar Jare, Ashwini Ganesh Kesari, Salil S Gadkari, Madan D Deshpande
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate functional and anatomical outcomes of posterior iris-claw intraocular lens (IOL) implant for correction of aphakia in eyes with inadequate capsular support. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective case series of 108 aphakic eyes with inadequate capsular support which underwent posterior iris-claw IOL with a 6-month follow-up period was conducted. The cases belonged to two clinical settings: elective secondary implantation and those with intraoperative posterior dislocation of cataractous lens or IOL...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106890/assessment-of-a-new-hydrophilic-acrylic-supplementary-iol-for-sulcus-fixation-in-pseudophakic-cadaver-eyes
#12
N Reiter, L Werner, J Guan, J Li, K T Tsaousis, N Mamalis, S Srinivasan
PurposeManagement of refractive errors after cataract surgery includes spectacles or contact lens, secondary laser vision correction, intraocular lens (IOL) exchange, or piggyback lens implantation. We evaluated for the first time a single-piece hydrophilic acrylic IOL designed for supplementary sulcus fixation in postmortem pseudophakic human eyes.MethodsPseudophakic human cadaver eyes were imaged by anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) to assess position of the primary IOL. Eyes were prepared as per the Miyake-Apple technique...
January 20, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065436/long-term-posterior-capsule-opacification-reduction-with-square-edge-polymethylmethacrylate-intraocular-lens-randomized-controlled-study
#13
Aravind Haripriya, David F Chang, Balakrishnan Vijayakumar, Agrawal Niraj, Madhu Shekhar, Singh Tanpreet, Srinivasan Aravind
PURPOSE: To objectively assess the long-term posterior capsule opacification (PCO) and neodymium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet (Nd:YAG) capsulotomy rate of a square-edge (SE) polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) intraocular lens (IOL) modification in comparison with a round-edge (RE) PMMA IOL or an SE hydrophobic acrylic IOL (SE-Acrylic). DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled fellow eye clinical study. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-four patients scheduled for bilateral phacoemulsification had an SE-PMMA IOL implanted in 1 eye...
January 5, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058149/surgical-indications-and-clinical-results-of-patients-with-exchanged-intraocular-lenses-in-a-tertiary-eye-hospital
#14
Sevim Kavuncu, Aslıhan Esra Omay, Mehmet Hakan Tırhış, Pelin Yılmazbaş
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the demographics, surgical indications and clinical results of patients with repositioned or explanted intraocular lens (IOL) in a tertiary referral eye hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-eight eyes of 48 patients that underwent surgery to exchange or reposition the IOL at Ulucanlar Eye Training and Research Hospital between 2009 and 2013 were included in the study. Medical records of patients were evaluated for surgical indications, time elapsed since initial operation, preoperative and postoperative best corrected distance visual acuity and the presence of ocular disease...
August 2016: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056435/measuring-women-s-experience-of-induction-of-labor-using-prostaglandin-vaginal-gel
#15
Michael Beckmann, Rachel Thompson, Yvette Miller, Samantha J Prosser, Vicki Flenady, Sailesh Kumar
OBJECTIVE: To describe and examine the EXIT (EXperiences of Induction Tool), and report on the experience of women undergoing PGE2 vaginal gel IOL, who were participants in a randomized controlled trial comparing early amniotomy with repeat-PGE2. STUDY DESIGN: Following an evening dose of PGE2 vaginal gel, 245 women with live singleton term pregnancies were randomized to amniotomy or repeat-PGE2. Women's experience of IOL was a secondary outcome measure, assessed using the self-report EXIT administered by phone at 7-9days post-partum...
December 28, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941047/cataract-surgery-in-children-with-retinopathy-of-prematurity-rop-surgical-outcomes
#16
Chinyelu Nkemdilim Ezisi, Ramesh Kekunnaya, Subhadra Jalali, Divya Balakrishnan, Padmaja Kumari Rani, Ashik Mohamed, Preeti Patil Chhablani
PURPOSE: To report the outcomes of cataract surgery in children with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: A retrospective case review of all children diagnosed with ROP from January 2001 to December 2014 was done and those who underwent cataract surgery were included in the study. Details of ROP and cataract treatment, postoperative complications and outcomes were analysed. RESULTS: Of the 2258 children diagnosed to have ROP, 28 eyes of 22 children were included, 14 boys and 8 girls...
December 9, 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843285/clinical-outcomes-with-toric-intraocular-lenses-planned-using-an-optical-low-coherence-reflectometry-ocular-biometer-with-a-new-toric-calculator
#17
Kjell G Gundersen, Richard Potvin
PURPOSE: To prospectively evaluate postoperative clinical outcomes with implantation of toric intraocular lenses (IOLs) using preoperative keratometry from an optical low coherence reflectometry (OLCR) ocular biometer (Lenstar(®) LS900) and the built-in Barrett toric calculator. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective observational study recruited one or both eyes of subjects who underwent uncomplicated cataract surgery with toric IOL implantation using OLCR biometery data and the Barrett toric IOL calculator for toric IOL planning...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824403/delivery-outcomes-after-term-induction-of-labor-in-small-for-gestational-age-fetuses
#18
Janine S Rhoades, Roxane M Rampersad, Methodius G Tuuli, George A Macones, Alison G Cahill, Molly J Stout
Objective The objective of this study was to estimate the delivery outcomes after induction of labor (IOL) at term in patients with small-for-gestational age (SGA) fetuses. Study Design A secondary analysis of a prospective cohort study of all term, singleton deliveries from 2010 to 2014. Patients who underwent an IOL for any indication were included. Delivery outcomes were compared between patients with and without SGA fetuses (defined as birth weight < 10th percentile for gestational age). Analysis was stratified by parity...
November 4, 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824377/visual-performance-in-the-long-term-with-secondary-add-on-versus-primary-capsular-bag-multifocal-intraocular-lenses
#19
Jens Schrecker, Achim Langenbucher
PURPOSE: To compare the long-term results of a secondary sulcus-placed, multifocal add-on intraocular lens (IOL) with those of a multifocal IOL implanted in the capsular bag. METHODS: In this prospective clinical trial, 30 pseudophakic eyes were treated with a multifocal add-on IOL and 30 cataractous eyes with a standard multifocal IOL. The main outcome measures comprised manifest refraction, visual acuity, defocus curves, and contrast sensitivity. Patients who had bilateral implantation of the same lens type were asked to complete a questionnaire...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815186/strabismus-surgery-outcomes-in-the-infant-aphakia-treatment-study-iats-at-age-5-years
#20
Erick D Bothun, Michael J Lynn, Stephen P Christiansen, Stacey J Kruger, Deborah K Vanderveen, Dan E Neely, Scott R Lambert
PURPOSE: To report strabismus surgery frequency and outcomes after monocular infantile cataract surgery with or without IOL implantation. METHODS: The Infant Aphakia Treatment Study (IATS) is a randomized, multicenter clinical trial comparing treatment of aphakia with a primary IOL or contact lens in 114 infants with a unilateral congenital cataract. This report is a secondary outcome analysis of ocular motor data from IATS patients who underwent strabismus surgery prior to age 5 years...
December 2016: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
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