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Ocular coherence tomography

Chao Tian, Wei Zhang, Van Phuc Nguyen, Xueding Wang, Yannis M Paulus
Photoacoustic ocular imaging is an emerging ophthalmic imaging technology that can noninvasively visualize ocular tissue by converting light energy into sound waves and is currently under intensive investigation. However, most reported work to date is focused on the imaging of the posterior segment of the eyes of small animals, such as rats and mice, which poses challenges for clinical human translation due to small eyeball sizes. This manuscript describes a novel photoacoustic microscopy (PAM) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) dual-modality system for posterior segment imaging of the eyes of larger animals, such as rabbits...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Hyung-Jin Kim, Minji Kim, Min Gyu Hyeon, Youngwoon Choi, Beop-Min Kim
We propose a new method of determining the optical axis (OA), pupillary axis (PA), and visual axis (VA) of the human eye by using dual-depth whole-eye optical coherence tomography (OCT). These axes, as well as the angles "α" between the OA and VA and "κ" between PA and VA, are important in many ophthalmologic applications, especially in refractive surgery. Whole-eye images are reconstructed based on simultaneously acquired images of the anterior segment and retina. The light from a light source is split into two orthogonal polarization components for imaging the anterior segment and retina, respectively...
February 1, 2018: Biomedical Optics Express
Efrat Fleissig, Mor Pavlovksy, Anat Loewenstein, Dinah Zur, Hadas Newman, Shay Keren, Dafna Goldenberg, Efrat Bar-Ilan, Michaella Goldstein
PURPOSE: To investigate ocular manifestations in patients with vitiligo by multimodal imaging, including optical coherence tomography (OCT), color fundus photography, and fundus autofluorescence (FAF). METHODS: In this prospective, observational clinical study, vitiligo patients underwent ophthalmologic and dermatologic clinical assessment and imaging by spectral-domain OCT, FAF, and color fundus imaging. Ocular echography was performed as indicated. Statistical analysis was performed using paired T test and Pearson correlation...
March 16, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Sergio Crespo-Garcia, Nadine Reichhart, Sergej Skosyrski, Marco Foddis, Jim Wu, Aleksandar Figura, Christina Herrspiegel, Martina Füchtemeier, Celeste Sassi, Ulrich Dirnagl, Antonia M Joussen, Olaf Strauss
Animal models of disease are an indispensable element in our quest to understand pathophysiology and develop novel therapies. Ex vivo studies have severe limitations, in particular their inability to study individual disease progression over time. In this respect, non-invasive in vivo technologies offer multiple advantages. We here used bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (BCCAO) in mice, an established model for ischemic retinopathy, and performed a multimodal in vivo and ex vivo follow-up. We used scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (SLO), ocular coherence tomography (OCT) and electroretinography (ERG) over 6 weeks followed by ex vivo analyses...
2018: PloS One
Wei-Wen Su
Purpose: Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) is a neurocutaneous disorder characterized by facial cutaneous venous dilatation (port-wine stain), leptomeningeal angioma, and ocular abnormalities. Here we report a case of SWS who experienced acute primary angle-closure in the same side of the nevus flammeus. Observations: A 64-years-old female patient with SWS port wine stain on the left side of her face was referred to our ER for acute primary angle-closure (PAC). The IOP was 64 mmHg in the left eye (12 mmHg in OD) and the visual acuity was 20/100...
June 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
Daniela Aneta Starosta, Birgit Lorenz
BACKGROUND: Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) is a genetic condition with an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance and incomplete penetrance. It is characterized by multiple benign tumors of the central and peripheral nervous system including astrocytomas, ependymomas, meningeomas, and schwannomas, among which bilateral vestibular schwannomas are the most frequent. Among ocular manifestations of NF2, juvenile subcapsular cataract is the most common followed by epiretinal membranes and combined hamartomas of the retina and retinal pigment epithelium...
March 2018: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
Andrew G Lee, Thomas H Mader, C Robert Gibson, Tyson J Brunstetter, William J Tarver
Interesting novel and somewhat perplexing physiologic and pathologic neuro-ocular findings have been documented in astronauts during and after long duration space flight (LDSF). These findings collectively have been termed the "space flight-associated neuro-ocular syndrome" (SANS). The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in the United States has meticulously and prospectively documented the clinical, ultrasound, optical coherence tomography imaging, and radiographic findings of SANS including unilateral and bilateral optic disc edema, globe flattening, choroidal and retinal folds, hyperopic refractive error shifts, and nerve fiber layer infarcts (i...
March 12, 2018: Eye
Vasily Mikhaïlovitch Smirnov, Christina Zeitz, Nagasamy Soumittra, Isabelle Audo, Sabine Defoort-Dhellemmes
INTRODUCTION: CABP4-related retinal dysfunction is a cone-rod synaptic transmission disorder with electronegative electroretinogram (ERG) waveform. It is a rare retinal dysfunction that can be classified into the incomplete form of congenital stationary night blindness. Absent foveal reflex and overall foveal thinning were previously reported, but in most cases the fundus appearance was described as nearly normal. We report here peculiar macular changes in a patient of French ancestry harbouring CABP4 mutations...
March 10, 2018: Documenta Ophthalmologica. Advances in Ophthalmology
Florian S M Edlinger, Laura M Schrems-Hoesl, Christian Y Mardin, Robert Laemmer, Friedrich E Kruse, Wolfgang A Schrems
PURPOSE: Assessment of the diagnostic ability of segmented macular inner retinal layer thickness and peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (pRNFL) measured by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in patients with normal-tension (NT) and high-tension (HT) perimetric and preperimetric glaucoma. METHODS: The 212 participants included 45 healthy subjects, 55 patients with ocular hypertension, 56 patients with preperimetric glaucoma, and 56 patients with perimetric glaucoma...
March 9, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Etsuo Chihara, Galina Dimitrova, Tomoyuki Chihara
PURPOSE: To assess the responses of the superficial peripapillary retinal vessel density (VD) and prelaminar flow index (PLFI) to topical Rho-assisted coiled-coil forming protein kinase (ROCK) inhibitor ripasudil and alpha-2 agonist brimonidine using optical coherence tomography angiography. METHODS: This is a prospective, non-randomized, comparative cohort study. We studied the response of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) parameters to drugs in 24 eyes treated with ripasudil and 23 eyes treated with brimonidine at the Sensho-kai Eye Institute...
March 8, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Gözde Hondur, Emre Göktaş, Lama Al-Aswad, Gülgün Tezel
Purpose: This pilot cross-sectional study aimed to determine age-related changes of the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness in retinal periphery by swept-source optical coherence tomography-based analysis. Methods: Forty eyes of 40 healthy subjects were studied in three age groups, group 1 (20-40 years, n=15), group 2 (41-60 years, n=14), and group 3 (≥61 years, n=11). Wide-angle swept-source optical coherence tomography scans, including the optic disc and macula, were montaged with the nasal peripheral optical coherence tomography images acquired with a contralateral gaze...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
Nada Abdulaziz, Anjali R Shah, William J McCune
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Antimalarial drugs including chloroquine, its less toxic quinolone-derivative hydroxychloroquine (HCQ), and quinacrine have become cornerstones in the treatment of autoimmune diseases including systemic lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, sarcoidosis, and Sjogren syndrome; cutaneous disorders, antiphospholipid syndrome, and have recently been employed at higher dioses in oncology. Benefits include anti-inflammatory effects, protection against thrombosis, and improved control of hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia...
March 6, 2018: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
Elizabeth A F Schaefer, Rebecca E H Whiting, Jacqueline W Pearce, Bruce H Grahn, Charles W Hamm, Cecil P Moore, Kristina L Narfström
A 11-year-old neutered male Labrador retriever-cross dog was presented to the University of Missouri-Columbia Veterinary Ophthalmology Service for subtle visual deficits. Indirect ophthalmoscopy revealed a smooth, bullous elevation in the superior-temporal retina OU. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) performed OU showed inner retinal separation consistent with retinoschisis. Electroretinography (ERG) revealed markedly reduced b-wave amplitudes in the more severely affected eye (OD) compared with the less severely affected eye (OS)...
March 8, 2018: Veterinary Ophthalmology
Maria D Garcia, Camila V Ventura, João R Dias, Ta Chen P Chang, Audina M Berrocal
Purpose: We present the first case in the literature of a patient with Kartagener syndrome and ocular findings of nonexudative age-related macular degeneration. Observations: A 55-year-old woman with Kartagener syndrome and chronic angle closure glaucoma presented for evaluation of the retina. Optos ultra-widefield imaging of the fundus showed glaucomatous cupping, drusen, and retinal pigment epithelium changes within the macular region. Humphrey visual field testing confirmed glaucomatous changes...
June 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
Xiao Zhang, Chan Wu, Li-Jia Zhou, Rong-Ping Dai
This study reports the short-term efficacy and safety of intravitreal conbercept injections for neovascularization at the disc (NVD) in patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). Conbercept is a recombinant fusion protein with a high affinity for all isoforms of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A, placental growth factor and VEGF-B. A prospective case series study was conducted in 15 patients (15 eyes). Patients had complete ocular examinations and received a 0.5 mg intravitreal conbercept injection followed by supplemental pan-retinal photocoagulation (PRP)...
March 5, 2018: Scientific Reports
Ryo Mukai, Yoko Okunuki, Deeba Husain, Clifford B Kim, John D Lambris, Kip M Connor
The complement system is a key component of innate immunity comprised of soluble components that form a proteolytic cascade leading to the generation of effector molecules involved in cellular clearance. This system is highly activated not only under general inflammatory conditions such as infections, collagen diseases, nephritis, and liver diseases, but also in focal ocular diseases. However, little is known about the role of the complement system in retinal homeostasis during aging. Using young (6-week-old) and adult (6-month-old) mice in wild type (C57BL/6) and complement knockout strains ( C1q -/- , Mbl a/c -/- , Fb -/- , C3 -/- , and C5 -/- ), we compared amplitudes of electroretinograms (ERG) and thicknesses of retinal layers in spectral domain optical coherence tomography between young and adult mice...
2018: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
Yuting Peng, Xiongze Zhang, Miaoling Li, Bing Liu, Lan Mi, Chengguo Zuo, Feng Wen
Introduction: To evaluate the functional and morphological outcomes of intravitreal conbercept monotherapy in patients with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV). Materials and methods: In this retrospective, observational case series study, we reviewed medical records of 48 eyes (48 patients) with naive PCV that were treated with a series of 3 monthly intravitreal injections of 0.5 mg of conbercept followed by as-needed injections (3+pro re nata). All patients completed at least 6 months of monthly follow-up...
2018: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
Xingyi Li, Wei Wang, Wenbin Huang, Shida Chen, Jiawei Wang, Zhonghao Wang, Yaoming Liu, Mingguang He, Xiulan Zhang
PURPOSE: To measure the anterior and posterior ocular biometric characteristics concurrently and to explore the relationship between iris, ciliary body and choroid in acute primary angle closure eyes (APAC) and fellow eyes. METHODS: It is a prospective, cross-sectional study. Thirty patients with recent APAC were finally enroled in it. Anterior and posterior uveal parameters were measured simultaneously by anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT), swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) and ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM)...
March 1, 2018: Eye
Dan-Na Shi, Hang Song, Tong Ding, Wei-Qiang Qiu, Wei Wang
AIM: To evaluate the safety of therapeutic bandage contact lens for post-cataract surgery patients and to illustrate its efficacy on post-operative comfort and tear-film stability. METHODS: A total of 40 participants were recruited and randomly divided into two groups. Group one was instructed to wear bandage contact lenses for a week and use antibiotic eye drops for a month since the first day after surgery. Group two received sub-conjunctival injection of tobramycin and was asked to wear eye pads on the first day after surgery and then were instructed to use antibiotic eye drops as the first group did...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Ravi Sheshala, Gan Chew Hong, Wong Pui Yee, Venkata Srikanth Meka, Raghu Raj Singh Thakur
The objectives of this study were to develop biodegradable poly-lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) based injectable phase inversion in situ forming system for sustained delivery of triamcinolone acetonide (TA) and to conduct physicochemical characterisation including in vitro drug release of the prepared formulations. TA (at 0.5%, 1% and 2.5% w/w loading) was dissolved in N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) solvent and then incorporated 30% w/w PLGA (50/50 and 75/25) polymer to prepare homogenous injectable solution. The formulations were evaluated for rheological behaviour using rheometer, syringeability by texture analyser, water uptake and rate of implant formation by optical coherence tomography (OCT) microscope...
February 26, 2018: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
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