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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732311/solid-and-aqueous-magnetoliposomes-as-nanocarriers-for-a-new-potential-drug-active-against-breast-cancer
#1
Ana Rita O Rodrigues, Pedro M F Mendes, Pedro M L Silva, V A Machado, Bernardo G Almeida, J P Araújo, Maria-João R P Queiroz, Elisabete M S Castanheira, Paulo J G Coutinho
Iron oxide nanoparticles, with diameters around 12nm, were synthesized by coprecipitation method. The magnetic properties indicate a superparamagnetic behavior with a coercive field of 9.7Oe and a blocking temperature of 118K. Both aqueous and solid magnetoliposomes containing magnetite nanoparticles have sizes below 150nm, suitable for biomedical applications. Interaction between both types of magnetoliposomes and models of biological membranes was proven. A new antitumor compound, a diarylurea derivative of thienopyridine, active against breast cancer, was incorporated in both aqueous and solid magnetoliposomes, being mainly located in the lipid membrane...
July 8, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731703/natural-poly-and-oligosaccharides-as-novel-delivery-systems-for-plant-protection-compounds
#2
Olga Selyutina, Irina Apanasenko, Salavat Khalikov, Nikolay E Polyakov
To increase the bioavailability of plant protection products we have applied new approach based on non-covalent association with natural water soluble polysaccharides and oligosaccharides as delivery systems (DSs). The mechanochemical technique has been applied to prepare the solid state nano-dispersed compositions of antidote 1,8-naphthalic anhydride (NA) with arabinogalactan, sodium salt of carboxymethylcellulose, and glycyrrhizin as DSs. The effect of DSs on the solubility and the penetration of NA into the seeds of barley and wheat has been investigated by various physicochemical techniques...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731702/drude-polarizable-force-field-for-molecular-dynamics-simulations-of-saturated-and-unsaturated-zwitterionic-lipids
#3
Hui Li, Janamejaya Chowdhary, Lei Huang, Xibing He, Alexander D MacKerell, Benoît Roux
Additive force fields are designed to account for induced electronic polarization in a mean-field average way using effective empirical fixed charges. The limitation of this approximation is cause for serious concerns, particularly in the case of lipid membranes, where the molecular environment undergoes dramatic variations over microscopic length scales. A polarizable force field based on the classical Drude oscillator offers a practical and computationally efficient framework for an improved representation of electrostatic interactions in molecular simulations...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731030/cryo-em-structure-and-biochemical-analysis-reveal-the-basis-of-the-functional-difference-between-human-pi3kc3-c1-and-c2
#4
Meisheng Ma, Jun-Jie Liu, Yan Li, Yuwei Huang, Na Ta, Yang Chen, Hua Fu, Ming-Da Ye, Yuehe Ding, Weijiao Huang, Jia Wang, Meng-Qiu Dong, Li Yu, Hong-Wei Wang
Phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate (PI3P) plays essential roles in vesicular trafficking, organelle biogenesis and autophagy. Two class III phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3KC3) complexes have been identified in mammals, the ATG14L complex (PI3KC3-C1) and the UVRAG complex (PI3KC3-C2). PI3KC3-C1 is crucial for autophagosome biogenesis, and PI3KC3-C2 is involved in various membrane trafficking events. Here we report the cryo-EM structures of human PI3KC3-C1 and PI3KC3-C2 at sub-nanometer resolution. The two structures share a common L-shaped overall architecture with distinct features...
July 21, 2017: Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730698/boar-sperm-quality-after-supplementation-of-diets-with-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-extracted-from-microalgae
#5
Y T Andriola, F Moreira, E Anastácio, F A Camelo, A C Silva, A S Varela, S M M Gheller, K L Goularte, C D Corcini, T Lucia
This study evaluated effects of diet supplementation with omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) from microalgae on boar sperm quality. Two groups of boars (n = 3 each) were fed during 75 days either a commercial diet (control), or the same diet supplemented with omega-3 PUFA from the heterotrophic microalgae Schizochytrium sp. (120 g/kg). Sixteen ejaculates were collected per boar. Some sperm kinetics parameters were inferior for supplemented than for control boars (p < .05): distance average path; distance in both curved and straight line; velocity average path, velocity in both curved and straight line; and amplitude of lateral head displacement...
July 21, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730528/sulforaphane-promotes-mitochondrial-protection-in-sh-sy5y-cells-exposed-to-hydrogen-peroxide-by-an-nrf2-dependent-mechanism
#6
Marcos Roberto de Oliveira, Flávia de Bittencourt Brasil, Cristina Ribas Fürstenau
Sulforaphane (SFN; C6H11NOS2) is an isothiocyanate found in cruciferous vegetables, such as broccoli, kale, and radish. SFN exhibits antioxidant, anti-apoptotic, anti-tumor, and anti-inflammatory activities in different cell types. However, it was not previously demonstrated whether and how this natural compound would exert mitochondrial protection experimentally. Therefore, we investigated here the effects of a pretreatment (for 30 min) with SFN at 5 μM on mitochondria obtained from human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells exposed to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) at 300 μM for 24 h...
July 20, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730206/evaluation-of-dextran-ethylene-glycol-hydrogel-films-for-giant-unilamellar-lipid-vesicle-production-and-their-application-for-the-encapsulation-of-polymersomes
#7
Nestor Lopez Mora, Yue Gao, M Gertrude Gutierrez, Justin Peruzzi, Ivan Bakker, Ruud J R W Peters, Bianka Siewert, Sylvestre Bonnet, Roxanne E Kieltyka, Jan C M van Hest, Noah Malmstadt, Alexander Kros
Giant Unilamellar Vesicles (GUVs) prepared from phospholipids are becoming popular membrane model systems for use in biophysical studies. The quality, size and yield of GUVs depend on the preparation method used to obtain them. In this study, hydrogels consisting of dextran polymers crosslinked by poly(ethylene glycol) (DexPEG) were used as hydrophilic frameworks for the preparation of vesicle suspensions under physiological ionic strength conditions. A comparative study was conducted using hydrogels with varied physicochemical properties to evaluate their performance for GUV production...
July 21, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729862/rad51-interacts-with-non-structural-3-protein-of-hepatitis-c-virus-and-regulates-viral-production
#8
Kidong Son, Tram T T Nguyen, Jae-Woong Choi, Long V Pham, Trang T D Luong, Yun-Sook Lim, Soon B Hwang
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a leading cause of chronic liver disease affecting over 170 million people worldwide. Chronic infection with HCV progresses to liver fibrosis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. HCV exploits host cellular factors for viral propagation. To investigate the cellular factors required for HCV propagation, we screened a siRNA library targeting human cell cycle genes using cell culture grown HCV-infected cells. In the present study, we selected and characterized a gene encoding Rad51...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729700/sphingomimetic-multiple-sclerosis-drug-fty720-activates-vesicular-synaptobrevin-and-augments-neuroendocrine-secretion
#9
Frederic D Darios, Jernej Jorgacevski, Ajda Flašker, Robert Zorec, Virginia García-Martinez, José Villanueva, Luis M Gutiérrez, Charlotte Leese, Manjot Bal, Elena Nosyreva, Ege T Kavalali, Bazbek Davletov
Neurotransmission and secretion of hormones involve a sequence of protein/lipid interactions with lipid turnover impacting on vesicle trafficking and ultimately fusion of secretory vesicles with the plasma membrane. We previously demonstrated that sphingosine, a sphingolipid metabolite, promotes formation of the SNARE complex required for membrane fusion and also increases the rate of exocytosis in isolated nerve terminals, neuromuscular junctions, neuroendocrine cells and in hippocampal neurons. Recently a fungi-derived sphingosine homologue, FTY720, has been approved for treatment of multiple sclerosis...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728013/dynamic-and-elastic-shape-transitions-in-curved-escrt-iii-filaments
#10
REVIEW
Nicolas Chiaruttini, Aurélien Roux
The ESCRT-III complex is an evolutionary ancient and conserved complex that catalyzes fission of lipid membranes from the lumen of the neck in many, if not all processes requiring this specific fission reaction. The ESCRT-III membrane remodeling complex is unique as its molecular and polymeric structures do not intuitively suggests how it could deform and break lipid membranes. Here we review the common structural features of the ESCRT-III subunits, and the shape diversity of the various filamentous forms. We propose a simple geometry and elasticity framework that could help to isolate which features of the ESCRT-III filaments are common to all filamentous forms as well as to explain their diversity...
July 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727439/solid-state-nmr-study-of-the-cicada-wing
#11
John David Gullion, Terry Gullion
Wings of flying insects are part of the cuticle which forms the exoskeleton. The primary molecular components of cuticle are protein, chitin, and lipid. How these components interact with one another to form the exoskeleton is not completely understood. The difficulty in characterizing the cuticle arises because it is insoluble and noncrystalline. These properties severely limit the experimental tools that can be used for molecular characterization. Solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance experiments have been used in the past to characterize the exoskeleton of beetles and have found that chitin and protein make comparable contributions to the molecular matrix...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727190/tuning-the-effects-of-bacterial-membrane-permeability-through-photo-isomerization-of-antimicrobial-cationic-amphiphiles
#12
Micha Fridman, Joana Salta, Raphael I Benhamou, Ido M Herzog
Several last resort classes of antimicrobial drugs act by permeabilizing cell membranes. Here we demonstrate that insertion of a photo-isomerizable lipid into antimicrobial cationic amphiphiles can modify the intensity of their membrane-permeabilizing activity not only by their concentration but also through light-irradiation. We characterized the photo-isomerization effects of two types of cationic amphiphiles on their bacterial membrane permeabilizing activity and showed that while one photo-isomer inhibited cell growth and division, the other photo-isomer led to a rapid and lethal bacterial membrane-disrupting effect...
July 20, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726733/interaction-of-mitochondria-with-the-endoplasmic-reticulum-and-plasma-membrane-in-calcium-homeostasis-lipid-trafficking-and-mitochondrial-structure
#13
REVIEW
Jędrzej Szymański, Justyna Janikiewicz, Bernadeta Michalska, Paulina Patalas-Krawczyk, Mariasole Perrone, Wiesław Ziółkowski, Jerzy Duszyński, Paolo Pinton, Agnieszka Dobrzyń, Mariusz R Więckowski
Studying organelles in isolation has been proven to be indispensable for deciphering the underlying mechanisms of molecular cell biology. However, observing organelles in intact cells with the use of microscopic techniques reveals a new set of different junctions and contact sites between them that contribute to the control and regulation of various cellular processes, such as calcium and lipid exchange or structural reorganization of the mitochondrial network. In recent years, many studies focused their attention on the structure and function of contacts between mitochondria and other organelles...
July 20, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726411/temperature-dependent-partitioning-of-c152-in-binary-phosphatidylcholine-membranes-and-mixed-phosphatidylcholine-phosphatidylethanolamine-membranes
#14
Christine A Gobrogge, Victoria A Kong, Robert Allan Walker
Time-resolved fluorescence and differential scanning calorimetry were used to determine the partitioning of coumarin 152 (C152) into large unilamellar vesicles composed of binary mixtures of two phosphatidylcholines (12:0/12:0 DLPC and 14:0/14:0 DMPC) and vesicles composed of binary mixtures of a phosphatidylcholine and a phosphatidylethanolamine (14:0/14:0 DMPC and 14:0/14:0 DMPE). Differential scanning calorimetry showed that both DLPC/DMPC and DMPC/DMPE are miscible in lipid vesicles. Time-resolved fluorescence indicated that C152 partitioning into DLPC/DMPC mixtures showed nearly ideal behavior that was described with weighted contributions from C152 partitioning into pure DLPC and pure DMPC vesicles...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726410/structural-insights-into-the-yersinia-pestis-outer-membrane-protein-ail-in-lipid-bilayers
#15
Samit Kumar Dutta, Yong Yao, Francesca M Marassi
Yersinia pestis the causative agent of plague, is highly pathogenic and poses very high risk to public health. The outer membrane protein Ail (Adhesion invasion locus) is one of the most highly expressed proteins on the cell surface of Y. pestis, and a major target for the development of medical countermeasures. Ail is essential for microbial virulence and is critical for promoting the survival of Y. pestis in serum. Structures of Ail have been determined by X-ray diffraction and solution NMR spectroscopy, but the protein's activity is influenced by the detergents in these samples, underscoring the importance of the surrounding environment for structure-activity studies...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725998/membrane-phase-transition-during-heating-and-cooling-molecular-insight-into-reversible-melting
#16
Liping Sun, Rainer A Böckmann
With increasing temperature, lipid bilayers undergo a gel-fluid phase transition, which plays an essential role in many physiological phenomena. In the present work, this first-order phase transition was investigated for variable heating and cooling rates for a dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) lipid bilayer by means of atomistic molecular dynamics simulations. Alternative methods to track the melting temperature [Formula: see text] are compared. The resulting [Formula: see text] is shown to be independent of the scan rate for small heating rates (0...
July 19, 2017: European Biophysics Journal: EBJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725961/the-plasma-membrane-proteome-of-medicago-truncatula-roots-as-modified-by-arbuscular-mycorrhizal-symbiosis
#17
Achref Aloui, Ghislaine Recorbet, Christelle Lemaître-Guillier, Arnaud Mounier, Thierry Balliau, Michel Zivy, Daniel Wipf, Eliane Dumas-Gaudot
In arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) roots, the plasma membrane (PM) of the host plant is involved in all developmental stages of the symbiotic interaction, from initial recognition to intracellular accommodation of intra-radical hyphae and arbuscules. Although the role of the PM as the agent for cellular morphogenesis and nutrient exchange is especially accentuated in endosymbiosis, very little is known regarding the PM protein composition of mycorrhizal roots. To obtain a global overview at the proteome level of the host PM proteins as modified by symbiosis, we performed a comparative protein profiling of PM fractions from Medicago truncatula roots either inoculated or not with the AM fungus Rhizophagus irregularis...
July 19, 2017: Mycorrhiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725620/attenuation-of-diabetic-nephropathy-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats-by-punica-granatum-linn-leaves-extract
#18
Snehal Nitin Mestry, Jayesh Bachu Dhodi, Sangita Balbhim Kumbhar, Archana Ramesh Juvekar
With an objective to develop Complementary and Alternative Medicine for the treatment of diabetic nephropathy, the present study investigated the protective effects of methanolic extract of Punica granatum leaves (MPGL) in streptozotocin-induced diabetic nephropathy. Diabetic nephropathy has become a leading cause of end stage renal failure worldwide. P. granatum, due to its anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities may retard the progression of diabetic nephropathy. In this study, diabetes was induced by a single injection of streptozotocin (STZ, 45 mg/kg, i...
July 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724841/sphingosine-1-phosphate-and-atherosclerosis
#19
Makoto Kurano, Yutaka Yatomi
Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) is a potent lipid mediator that works on five kinds of S1P receptors located on the cell membrane. In the circulation, S1P is distributed to HDL, followed by albumin. Since S1P and HDL share several bioactivities, S1P is believed to be responsible for the pleiotropic effects of HDL. Plasma S1P levels are reportedly lower in subjects with coronary artery disease, suggesting that S1P might be deeply involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. In basic experiments, however, S1P appears to possess both pro-atherosclerotic and anti-atherosclerotic properties; for example, S1P possesses anti-apoptosis, anti-inflammation, and vaso-relaxation properties and maintains the barrier function of endothelial cells, while S1P also promotes the egress and activation of lymphocytes and exhibits pro-thrombotic properties...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724694/role-of-long-chain-acyl-coas-in-the-regulation-of-mycolic-acid-biosynthesis-in-mycobacteria
#20
Yi Ting Tsai, Valentina Salzman, Matías Cabruja, Gabriela Gago, Hugo Gramajo
One of the dominant features of the biology of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and other mycobacteria, is the mycobacterial cell envelope with its exceptional complex composition. Mycolic acids are major and very specific components of the cell envelope and play a key role in its architecture and impermeability. Biosynthesis of mycolic acid (MA) precursors requires two types of fatty acid synthases, FAS I and FAS II, which should work in concert in order to keep lipid homeostasis tightly regulated. Both FAS systems are regulated at their transcriptional level by specific regulatory proteins...
July 2017: Open Biology
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